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ORIGINAL    RECORDS. 


MANNERS 


AND 


HOUSEHOLD    EXPENSES 

'  OF 

ENGLAND 


IN 


THE  THIRTEENTH  AND  FIFTEENTH  CENTURIES, 


ILLUSTRATED  BY 


ORIGINAL   RECORDS, 


LONDON : 

WILLIAM  NICOL,  SHAKSPEARE  PRESS, 

MDCCCXLI. 
W 


UK'lVi  f<!M  1  Y 


PRESIDENT  AND  MEMBERS 

OF 

THIS  COLLECTION 


ORIGINAL  RECORDS, 

NOW  FIRST  PRINTED, 

IS  DEDICATED  AND  PRESENTED 
BY  THEIR  OBEDIENT  SERVANT, 

BERIAH  BOTFIELD. 


June.  17,  1S41, 


THE  EARL  OF  POWIS,  President. 

THE  DUKE  OF  DEVONSHIRE,  K.  G. 
THE    DUKE    OF    BUCCLEUCH     AND     QUEENS- 
BERRY,  K.  G. 
THE  DUKE  OF  SUTHERLAND,  K.  G. 
EARL  SPENCER. 
EARL  CAWDOR. 
LORD  FRANCIS  EGERTON. 
VISCOUNT  MAHON. 
VISCOUNT  CLIVE. 
VISCOUNT  ACHESON. 
LORD  VERNON. 

RIGHT  HON.  SIR  JAMES  PARKE. 
RIGHT  HON.  SIR  JOSEPH  LITTLEDALE. 
HON.  AND  REV.  GEORGE  NEVILLE  GRENVILLE. 
SIR  STEPHEN  RICHARD  GLYNNE,  BAR'J . 
SIR  HENRY  FREELING,  BART. 
REV.  BULKELEY  BANDINELL,  D.  D. 
BENJAMIN  BARNARD,  ESQ. 
REV.  PHILIP  BLISS,  D.  C.  L. 
BERIAH  BOTFIELD,  ESQ. 

REV.  THOMAS  FROGNALL  DIBDIN,  D.  D.  V.  P. 
DAVID  DUNDAS,  ESQ. 
HENRY  HALLAM,  ESQ. 
REV.  EDWARD  C.  HAWTREY.  D.  D. 
JOHN  ARTHUR  LLOYD,  ESQ. 
JAMES  HEYWOOD  MARKLAND,  ESQ.  Treasurer. 
WILLIAM  HENRY  MILLER,  ESQ. 
JOHN  DELAFIELD  PHELPS,  ESQ. 
THOMAS  PONTON,  ESQ. 
EVELYN  PHILIP  SHIRLEY,  ESQ.  M.  A. 
PEREGRINE  TOWNELEY,  ESQ. 
EDWARD  VERNON  UTTERSON,  ESQ. 
VENERABLE  ARCHDEACON  WRANGHAM,  M.  A. 


CONTENTS. 

I.  Household  Roll  of  Eleanor,  Countess  of  Leicester,  A.  D.  1265. 

II.  Accounts  of  the  Executors  of  Eleanor,   Queen   consort  of 

Edward  I.  A.  D.  1291. 

III.  Accounts  and  Memoranda  of  Sir  John  Howard,  first  Duke 
of  Norfolk,  A.D.  1462,  to  A.  D.  1471. 


INTRODUCTION. 


No  department  of  English  history  has  been  less  cultivated  than  that  relating 
to  the  domestic  economy  of  the  people  during  the  middle  ages.  There  is 
no  work  expressly  devoted  to  the  subject;  and  the  scanty  notices  which  are 
given  by  Henry  and  other  historical  writers,  scarcely  deserve  mention. 

To  trace  the  progress  of  a  nation  in  the  arts  of  domestic  life  is,  strictly 
speaking,  to  trace  its  advance  in  civilization,  of  which  those  events  which 
form  the  staple  of  political  narratives  are  but  simple  results.  This  pursuit, 
however,  derives  little  aid  from  chroniclers  who  detail  the  general  history 
of  their  own,  or  preceding  ages.  The  habits  and  customs  of  the  past  were 
unknown  to  such  writers,  and  it  never  occurred  to  them  that  the  every  day 
life  of  the  times  in  which  they  lived,  would  eventually  become  an  object  of 
enquiry  to  posterity,  for  whose  benefit  they  professed  to  write.  Hence,  their 
allusions  to  such  matters  are  of  that  vague  and  unsatisfactory  nature  to  be 
expected  from  people  who  refer  to  a  state  of  things  in  which  they  had  been 
bred :  however,  it  occasionally  happens,  that  when  they  record  their  asto- 
nishment at  a  novelty,  or  condemn  a  departure  from  ancient  customs,  the 
expression  of  their  ignorance,  or  prejudice,  enables  us  to  date  the  invention 
of  some  useful  art,  or  the  importation  of  an  article  of  convenience,  or  luxury, 
tin  then  unknown. 

But,  if  historians  fail  to  supply  the  desired  information,  other  and  ample 
sources  are  open  to  enquiry.  Our  ancient  rhymers  and  romancers  abound  in 
allusions  to,  and  descriptions  of  the  domestic  habits  and  manners  of  their 
respective  eras.     We  have  a  long  series  of  the  records  of  criminal  trials, 

b 


which  besides  illustrating  the  spirit,  necessarily  involve  some  detail  of  the 
most  remarkable  features  in  the  internal  condition  of  the  people,  during 
successive  ages;  and  many  accounts  have  descended  to  us  of  the  daily 
expenditure  of  individuals  who  belonged  to  the  higher  ranks  of  society,  and 
who  consequently  enjoyed  the  few  luxuries  and  additions  to  the  necessaries 
of  life,  which  wealth  alone  could  procure  in  the  infancy  of  commerce. 

The  present  volume  is  intended  as  a  contribution  to  this  branch  of  history. 
It  comprises  accounts  of  domestic  expenses  at  two  very  distinct  periods  of 
EngUsh  story,  not  less  remarkable  for  the  contrast  they  present  in  the  social 
condition  of  the  people,  than  for  the  great  pohtical  events  by  which  they 
are  respectively  distinguished. 

Between  the  insurrection  of  the  barons,  in  the  reign  of  Henry  the  Third, 
and  the  contest  of  the  rival  houses  of  York  and  Lancaster,  in  the  fifteenth 
century,  there  occurs  a  space  of  nearly  two  hujidred  years,  signalised  by 
some  of  the  most  important  changes,  not  only  in  EngUsh,  but  in  European 
manners  and  institutions,  upon  which  the  historian  can  dwell ;  changes  of 
which  the  influence  on  the  general  habits  of  life  is  conspicuous  in  this  work, 
which  presents  a  comprehensive  view  of  the  necessaries  and  conveniences 
of  life  at  the  first  and  last  of  the  periods  mentioned,  and  casts  a  strong  light 
upon  the  early  condition  and  progressive  improvement  of  the  manufactures, 
trade,  and  commerce  of  England. 

Besides  their  statistical  importance,  the  following  accounts  have  an 
additional  value  as  memorials  of  individuals  celebrated  in  history. 

Although  the  Countess  of  Leicester  has  been  more  indebted  to  the  renown 
of  her  husband  than  to  any  memorial  of  her  own  merits,  for  whatever  notice 
has  been  hitherto  taken  of  her  career,  she  appears  to  have  been  a  remarkable 
person  considering  her  sex  and  the  age  in  which  she  lived. 

A  tale  the  probability  of  which  is  rendered  credible  by  more  ancient,  as 
well  as  more  recent,  instances  of  female  heroism  and  devotion,  and  which 


lU 


touches  one  of  the  most  sensitive  chords  in  man's  nature,  has  embahned  the 
memory  of  Eleanor  of  Castile.  It  is  one  of  those  popular  and  poetical  traditions, 
associated  ■«"ith  early  notions  of  history,  and  rendered  familiar  by  painter  and 
sculptor,  which  the  critic  who  would  investigate  its  foundation  in  truth,  must 
approach  with  respect,  and  doubt  with  reluctance.  Admitting  however  that 
it  is  a  mere  invention,  the  general  testimony  of  history,  and  the  grateful 
sorrow  of  ner  husband,  who  would  have  perpetuated  her  name  by  the  beau- 
tiful crosses  of  which  so  few  have  escaped  the  ravages  of  time  and  man, 
sufficiently  attest  her  virtues  as  a  woman  and  a  wife :  and  if  the  graceful  effigy 
on  her  tomb  at  Westminster,  which  in  chaste  beauty  all  but  approaches  that 
ideal  standard  of  perfection  at  which  the  sculptor  aimed  in  the  best  times  of 
Grecian  art,  may  be  considered  a  portrait,  her  personal  graces  were  not  infe- 
rior to  her  mental  endowments. 

Sir  John  Howard  whose  successful  ambition  first  raised  to  the  peerage  a 
family  than  which  none  has  been  more  distinguished  in  Enghsh  History, 
played  a  conspicuous  part  in  a  dark  and  unhappy  period  of  our  annals.  The 
accounts  of  his  expenditure,  during  the  early  years  of  the  reign  of  Edward 
the  Fourth,  shew  that  he  was  a  prudent  manager  of  his  private  fortune ;  and 
the  few  remaining  specimens  of  his  correspondence  throw  some  light  upon 
his  character,  and  prove  that  he  possessed  an  average  share  of  that  sort 
of  education  which  fell  to  the  lot  of  persons  of  rank,  in  the  fifteenth  century. 
His  accounts  present  also  many  notices  of  individuals  remarkable  for  their 
share  in  the  ferocious  and  desolating  warfare  of  the  Roses,  not  a  few  of  whom 
paid  a  heavy  penalty  for  their  misdeeds  as  the  fdrtunes  and  scaflFolds  of  either 
party  rose  and  fell.  To  the  general  antiquary  and  topographer  the  Howard 
Household  Books  will  prove  a  mine  of  interesting  and  valuable  information. 

Having  thus  briefly  stated  the  object  of  this  collection,  and  the  nature 
of  its  contents ;  it  is  requisite  to  give  some  detailed  account  of  the  three 
eminent  persons  to  whom  it  relates,  as  well  as  an  analysis  of  the  infor- 
mation to  be  procured  firom  the  documents  now  first  printed. 


I.    The  Household  Roll,  of  Eleanok,  Countess  of 

Leicester. 

Eleanor,  the  third  daughter  of  John,  King  of  England,  by  Isabella  of 
Angouleme,  was  bom,  probably,  about  the  year  1212 :  but  for  this  date, 
there  is  no  authority,*  beyond  what  may  be  derived  from  the  following  cir- 
cumstances. 

Joan,  her  eldest  sister,  married  to  Alexander  King  of  Scotland,  in  1221, 
is  described,  by  a  contemporary  writer,*  as  "  a  girl  of  very  tender  age ;"  an 
expression  which,  having  regard  to  the  custom  prevailing  at  the  time,  of 
marrying  females  when  they  were  little  more  than  infants,  may  be  under- 
stood to  mean  that  she  was  about  eleven  years  old ;  thereby  giving  the  year 
1210  as  the  period  of  her  birth.  Matthew  Paris  describing  the  presentation 
of  Isabella,  the  second  daughter,  to  the  ambassadors  of  the  Emperor  Fre- 
derick II.,  who  came  to  ask  her  in  marriage  for  their  sovereign,  in  1235, 
says  she  was  then  in  her  twenty-first  year  f  according  to  which  her  birth 
must  have  occurred  in  1214.  There  is  reason,  however,  to  believe  that  this 
statement  is  incorrect ;  for,  admitting  it  to  be  true,  and  that  Eleanor,  the 
third  and  youngest  daughter,  was  bom  in  1215,  she  could  have  been  scarcely 
ten  years  old  at  the  time  of  her  marriage  to  Wilham  Mareschal,  in  1225.  It 
is,  therefore,   more  reasonable  to  infer,   that  the  historian  spoke  without 

'  The  years  in  which  the  daughters  of  John  were  born,  are  not  mentioned  by  any  of  the  Chro- 
niclers. His  marriage  with  Isabella  took  place  in  1200,  and  it  is  believed  that  Henry  the  Third,  born 
in  1207,  was  the  first  child,  as  he  was  the  eldest  son  of  his  parents.  (M.  Paris,  ed.  1684,  p.  189.) 
Richard,  Earl  of  Cornwall,  the  second  son,  was  born  in  1208  (lb.),  or  1209  (Lelandi  Collect,  ii. 
455).  the  absence  of  any  evidence  that  even  one  of  the  daughters  was  born  before  the  year  1207 
coupled  with  the  remarks  of  the  Chroniclers,  as  to  their  respective  ages  when  married,  which  go  to 
prove  they  were  all  born  after  1208,  has  induced  the  adoption,  of  the  years  mentioned  above. 

^  Chronicon  de  Lanercost,  p.  29.  s  p,  350. 


certain  knowledge  of  the  age  of  Isabella,  and  it  is  possible  that  no  great 
deviation  wiU  be  made  from  truth,  in  assigning  the  births  of  the  second  and 
third  daughters  of  John  to  the  years  1210  and  1212.  According  to  this  cal- 
culation Eleanor  would  have  been  thirteen  at  the  period  of  her  marriage, 
and  lAbella  twenty-five  when  contracted  to  the  Emperor  of  Germany. 

William  Mareschal,  Earl  of  Pembroke,  eldest  son  and  heir  of  the  prudent 
and  vahant  nobleman  to  whose  energy  and  conduct  Henry  the  Third  was 
indebted  for  his  throne,  obtained  the  young  Princess  in  marriage  in  1225.' 
After  this  event  we  have  no  mention  of  her  until  the  death  of  her  husbandj 
in  1231.2 

In  the  family  of  the  Mareschals  abUity  and  valour  were  a  common  inherit- 
ance, and  if  the  Earl  of  Pembroke  was  any  otherwise"  distinguished  above 
the  four  brothers  who  successively  inherited  his  title  and  property,  it  was, 
perhaps,  in  being  less  unfortunate  than  they  were  in  life.  Henry  the  Third 
is  said  to  have  been  sincerely  attached  to  him,  and  exclaimed  on  seeing  his 
dead  body,  "  Alas  !  is  the  blood  of  Saint  Thomas  the  Martyr  not  yet  fully 
avenged."^ 

Eleanor  was  childless  at  her  husband's  death,  and  ample  provision  had 
been  made  for  her  widowhood.  By  his  first  wife,  the  daughter  of  Baldwin 
de  Bethune,  Earl  of  Albemarle,  whom  he  married  in  1204,  the  Earl  of  Pem- 
broke had  acquired  many  valuable  and  extensive  manors,  which  were  con- 
firmed to  him  by  charter  in  1 230,^  with  remainder  to  his  wife  Eleanor,  in  the 
event  of  her  surviving  him.  She  had  also  an  annuity  of  four  hundred  pounds 
payable  by  his  heirs  out  of  the  Irish  estates  of  the  family. 

'  Annales  de  Dunstaple,  i.  148 ;  the  authority  of  which  is  preferable  to  that  of  the  letter  written 
in  1226,  quoted  by  Sandford  (Genealogical  History,  p.  87),  and  printed  in  the  Foedera  (vol.  i.  p.  286) ; 
as  the  marriage  is  therein  spoken  of  by  the  King  as  an  event  which  had  occurred  some  time  before. 
By  some  writers,  however,  the  year  1224,  is  given  as  the  date  of  their  marriage.  Ann.  Waverl-, 
Gale,  ii.  188  :  Th.  Wikes,  ib.  40,  and  Robert  of  Gloucester. 

'  M.  Paris,  310  :  Ann.  de  Dunstaple,  i.  203  :  Lei.  Coll.  ii.  425. 

>  M.  Paris,  310.  '  Chart.  13  Hen.  3,  pars  2nda,  m.  1.  See  also  p.  53  seq.,  note  1. 


VI 


Within  four  years  from  the  death  of  her  husband,  the  Countess  of  Pem- 
broke made  a  vow  of  perpetual  ceUbacy  to  Edmund^  Archbishop  of  Canterbury, 
and  Richard,  Bishop  of  Chichester,  receiving  the  ring  and  mantle  of  profession 
in  public'  This  solemn  engagement  was  as  ill  observed  as  it  was,  perhaps, 
rashly  incurred. 

The  patronage  bestowed  by  Henry  the  Third  upon  foreigners,  had  its 
origin  quite  as  much  in  the  necessities  of  his  situation,  as  in  any  especial 
prejudice  in  their  favour.  He  had  attempted  to  violate  the  established  laws 
of  the  kingdom,  and  the  fatal  example  of  his  father  instead  of  deterring  him 
from  a  like  course,  seems  rather  to  have  excited  him  to  try  every  expedient 
to  obtain  the  same  objects,  the  pursuit  of  which  brought  John  to  a  prema- 
ture grave,  and  had  nearly  deprived  him  of  his  throne.  Having  thus 
alienated  the  affections  of  his  nobility  and  the  church,  it  was  not  easy  to 
find,  among  his  own  subjects,  men  sufficiently  unscrupulous  to  aid  him  in 
his  endeavours  to  humiliate  and  lessen  the  power  of  the  Barons,  and  to 
plan  and  carry  into  execution  those  rapacious  schemes,  by  which  all  classes 
were  in  turn  pillaged  and  oppressed.  '  Such  instruments  of  extortion  were 
readily  chosen  among  the  Poitevin  and  Norman  adventurers,  who  flocked  to 
the  English  Court.  They  were  promoted  to  the  highest  offices  in  church 
and  state,  and  as  their  sole  object  was  to  enrich  themselves,  and  as  the 
attainment  of  that  object  depended  on  the  maintenance  of  the  crown  in  its 
loftiest  pretensions  to  power,  the  variety  of  their  political  inventions  was  as 
endless  as  their  avarice  was  insatiable. 

Among  the  most  distinguished  aliens  who  repaired  to  England  in  the  early 
years  of  Henry's  reign,  few  could  compete,  in  personal  and  family  advan- 
tages, with  Simon  de  Montfort.  He  came  ostensibly  to  solicit  the  restora- 
tion of  his  father's  estates  to  his  elder  brother,  Amauri  in  reahty  to  get ; 
what  he  could  in  a  country,  like  even  unto  a  "  land  flowing  with  milk  and 
honey"  to  the  younger  branches  of  the  French  nobility.  Before  the  success 
which  attended  his  appearance  is  related,  it  is  necessary  to  give  some  account 

'  Chron.  de  Lanercost,  p.  39.   Th.  Wikes,  Gale,  ii.  40.     "  Non  tamen  susceperat. velum  castitatis." 
Knyghton. 


Vll 

of  his  parentage,  respecting  which  considerable  misapprehension  has  Ion" 
prevailed. 

Simon  IV.,  Comte  de  Montfort,  second  son  of  Simon  III.,  snmamed  the 
Bald,  eighth  Baron  and  third  Comte  de  Montfort,  also  third  Comte  d'Evreux 
of  the  house  of  Montfort,  by  Amicia,'  eldest  sister  and  co-heiress  of  Robert 
Fitz-Pemell,  Earl  of  Leicester,  inherited,  in  right  of  his  mother,  one  moiety 
of  the  county  of  Leicester,  with  the  Honour  of  Hinckley  and  the  office  of 
Lord  High  Steward  of  England. 

Dugdale  says  he  was  created  Earl  of  Leicester  in  1206,  but  no  charter  of 
creation  is  now  in 'existence;  the  document  upon  which  he  founded  his  asser- 
tion, an  abstract  of  which  follows,  cannot  be  considered  as  such. 

King  John,  by  a  charter  dated  on  the  10th  of  March,  1206,  confirmed  the 
partition  of  the  lands  and  honours  possessed  by  Robert,  Earl  of  Leicester, 
on  the  day  of  his  death,  made  before  him  and  his  barons,  between  Simon  de 
Montfort,  Earl  of  Leicester,  and  Saiher  de  Quenci,  Earl  of  Winchester,  to 
this  effect.  Each  Earl  was  to  have  one  moiety  of  the  estates ;  the  third 
penny  of  the  county  of  Leicester,  "  unde  ipse  comes  est,"  the  capital  mes- 
suage at  Leicester,  and  the  Stewardship,''  being  reserved  to  Simon  de  Mont- 
fort ;  but  to  the  Earl  of  Winchester  were  secured  forty  librates  of  land  out 

'  The  name  is  both  Amicia  and  Avicia,  in  English  records.  She  survived  her  husband  many 
years,  her  death  being  subsequent  to  that  of  her  brother,  who  died  in  1204.  In  1201  Simon  de 
Montfort,  her  son,  obtained  the  King's  license  to  mortgage  his  mother's  land  at  Winterboume  Stoke, 
Co.  Wilts.,  for  three  years  (Cart.  2  Joh.  m.  8,  in  dorso.  This  he  did  probably  to  raise  money  for 
the  purpose  of  joining  the  Crusade  of  1202. — "  Avec  ces  deux  contes  (Thibaut,  Comte  de  Cham- 
pagne et  de  Brie,  et  Louys,  Comte  de  Blois  et  de  Chartres,)  se  croisserent  deux  mult  halt  Baron  de 
France,  Symons  de  Monfort  et  Renauz  de  Mommirail.  Mult  fu  gran  renom^e  par  les  terres  quant 
cil  deux  halt  homes  s'en  croisserent." — (Ville-Hardouin,  Conqueste  de  Constantinople,  ed.  Ducange, 
Far.  1657,  p.  2.)  Montfort  and  others  withdrew  from  the  Crusade  after  the  capture  of  Zara. 
(lb.  pp.  41-2.)  In  1205  the  Sheriff  of  Wilts  was  directed  to  give  possession  of  the  manor  of  Win- 
terboume Stoke  to  Amicia,  Countess  of  Montfort,  it  being  a  part  of  her  dower.  The  King  had 
granted  the  custody  of  it  to  Saiher  de  Quenci.  (Claus.  6  Joh.  m.  2.) 

'  The  dignity  of  Lord  High  Steward  of  England  was  originally  annexed  to  the  Honour  of  Hinckley, 
and  afterwards  to  the  Earldom  of  Leicester.  Selden's  Titles  of  Honour,  in  the  edition  of  his  works 
by  Wilkins,  vol.  3,  col.  687-8. 


of  the  portion  of  Simon,  until  such  time  as  the  said  Earl  should  obtain  his 
rationable  share  of  the  lands  which  the  deceased  Earl  of  Leicester  had  pos- 
sessed in  Normandy.  Upon  the  deaths  of  the  two  Countesses  of  Leicester, 
viz.,  PetroniUa,  the  mother,  and  Laurentia,  or  Lauretta,  widow  of  the  late 
Earl,  the  estates  held  by  them,  in  dower,  were  to  be  equally  divided  between 
Montfort  and  the  Earl  of  Winchester,' 

Following  the  scanty  notices  of  Simon  de  Montfort  IV.,  which  occur  in 
the  records  of  the  reign  of  John,  we  find  that  in  1207,  he  was  indebted  to 
the  crown,  and  that  the  custody  of  all  his  lands  was  given  to  Robert  de 
Ropeley,  who  was  to  apply  the  revenues  thereof,  in  satisfaction  of  the  King's 
claims.^  Not  long  after  this  he  was  banished  the  kingdom,  and  his  estates 
forfeited.^ 

Although  driven  from  the  country  he  appears  to  have  had  a  strong  party 
among  the  Enghsh  nobility,  and  he  did  not  entirely  cease  to  be  a  cause  of 


'  Cart.  Antiq.,  K.  17.  Notwithstanding  this  charter,  it  may  be  doubted  whether  Simon  de  Mont- 
fort ever  fully  enjoyed  the  share  of  the  Leicester  estates  thus  secured  to  him.  On  the  death  of  her 
son,  in  1204,  Petronilla,  Countess  of  Leicester,  paid  a  fine  of  3000  marks  to  obtain  possession  of 
Leicester,  with  its  appurtenances,  together  with  the  lands  belonging  to  the  Honour  of  Grantmesnil, 
both  within,  and  without  the  county  of  Leicester :  all  which  the  King  granted  to  her.  (Fines,  6 
Joh.  m.  10.)  John  resumed  these  lands  in  1205,  and  regranted  them  to  Saiher  de  Quenci  for  a  fine 
of  5000  marks.  (Fines,  7  Joh.  m.  10.)  However  extraordinary  this  proceeding  may  appear,  it  must 
be  recollected  that  it  took  place  under  the  most  profligate  sovereign  who  ever  filled  the  English 
throne.  Thus  at  the  time  of  the  charter  quoted  above,  de  Quenci  was  in  actual  possession  of  the 
greater  portion  of  Montfort's  assigned  share,  the  Honour  of  Hinckley  being  parcel  of  the  Grsint- 
mesnil  fee,  of  which  Petronilla  was  heiress. 

2  Pat.  8  Joh.  m.  3.  In  the  same  year  Ropeley  paid  into  the  King's  chamber,  on  the  Monday  after 
the  feast  of  St.  Dunstan,  one  hundred  and  forty  six  pounds,  thirteen  shillings  and  four  pence,  out  of 
the  issues  of  Montfort's  Honour  of  Leicester  (Claus.  8  Joh.  m.  1.) ;  and  in  the  foUo^wing  year,  on  the 
feast  of  Sts.  Peter  and  Paul,  he  accounted  in  the  sum  of  100  marks.  (Claus.  9  Joh.  m.  17.)  The 
smallness  of  these  sums  compared  with  the  magnitude  of  his  supposed  property  seems  to  confirm  the 
doubt  expressed  in  the  preceding  note. 

'  The  only  authority  for  this  fact,  and  a  worthless  one  too,  is  Knyghton,  who  does  not  give  the 
date.  (Script.  Decem  Twysd.,  col.  2347.)  His  disgrace  must  have  taken  place  Before  1208,  in  which 
year  he  was  chosen  to  command  against  the  Albigeois. 


IX 

disquiet  to  John.  In  1210  the  King  was  on  his  road  to  chastise  the  Welsh 
for  their  ravages  on  the  English  march,  when  he  was  stopped  at  Nottingham, 
by  the  report  of  a  conspiracy  among  the  Barons,  who  were  said  to  have 
elected  Montfort  King  of  England.  It  is  probable  that  this  was  nothing 
more  than  one  of  the  many  rumours  of  that  turbulent  period,  but,  being 
recorded  by  a  contemporary  annalist,'  it  may  serve  to  mark  the  degree  of 
estimation  in  which  the  E^rl  of  Leicester  was  held. 

During  an  exile  from  England  protracted  to  the  day  of  his  death,  the 
military  skill  of  Simon  de  Montfort  was  exhibited  in  the  memorable  crusades 
against  the  unfortunate  Albigeois.  The  history  of  these  wars  ^  is  little  more 
than  a  catalogue  of  the  deeds  of  ferocious  cruelty  perpetrated  by  his  orders 
upon  the  miserable  people  whom  he  was  commissioned  to  exterminate. 
After  ten  years  of  uninterrupted  warfare,  marked  by  atrocities  which  have, 
happily,  few  parallels  in  the  history  of  mankind,  he  was  slain  before  Tou- 
louse, in  the  year  1218.' 

By  his  wife  Alix,  daughter  of  Bouchard  V.,  Sire  de  Montmorenci,  he 
left  four  sons  and  three  daughters.  The  sons  were  Amauri,  who  succeeded 
him  as  Comte  de  Montfort,  Guy,  Comte  de  Bigorre,  Robert  who  died  un- 
married, and  Simon,  the  subject  of  the  present  notice. 

In  1215,  the  last  year  of  the  reign  of  King  John,  the  Comte  de  Montfort 
had  succeeded  in  obtaining  the  restitution  of  his  estates,  the  custody  of 
which  was  given   to  Ranulph,  Earl  of  Chester,*  in  trust  for  his  use.'     It 

'  Ann.  de  Dunstaple,  i.  57. 

*  "  L'Histoire  de  la  guerre  des  Albigeois ;"  Rec.  des  Historiens  de  la  France,  t.  xix. 

'  He  was  killed  by  a  stone  discharged  from  the  walls  of  the  town  :  "  obiit  ad  obsidionem  Tolosae, 
percussus  lapide  mangunelli."  (Ann.  de  Dunstaple,  i.  88  :  see  also  L'Art  de  verifier  les  Dates.)  In  a 
writ  of  the  18th  of 'July,  1218,  granting  the  custody  of  his  English  estates  to  the  infamous  Stephen 
de  Segrave,  the  King  says,  "  audiyimus  quod  Comes  Simon  de  Monte  Forti  in  fata  concessit." 
(Claus.  2  Hen.  3,  m.  3.)  In  the  following  month  of  August,  Peter  de  Roches,  Bishop  of  Winchester, 
obtained  the  custody  of  his  lands.     (lb.) 

*  His  nephew ;  Bertrade,  Montfort" s  sister,  married  Hugh,  Earl  of  Chester.     See  the  Pedigree. 

'  Pat.  17  Joh.  m.  19,     Hence  Knyghton's  error  in  stating  that  the  county  of  Leicester,  with  the 

C 


appears  probable,  al^o,  that  he  was  partially  indemnified  for  the  loss  occa- 
sioned by  his  forfeiture.' 

It  would  not  have  been  necessary  to  give  this  particular  account  of 
the  parentage  of  Simon  de  Montfort  V.,  who  acted  so  conspicuous  a  part  in 
the  troubles  of  the  reign  of  Henry  the  Third,  but  for  the  fact  that,  by  Eng- 
lish historians  and  genealogists,  the  Comte  de  Montfort  has  been  invariably 
confoimded  with  his  father,  Simon  the  Bald,  Comte  d'Evreux,  who  has  thus 
been  considered  to  have  enjoyed  the  title  of  Earl  of  Leicester,  in  right  of  his 
wife  f  the  truth  being  that  he  died  twenty-three  years  before  his  brother-in- 
law,^  Robert  Fitz-Pemell,  last  Earl  of  Leicester,  of  the  Bellomont  hne.  The 
annexed  pedigree  of  Simon  de  Montfort  V.,  founded  chiefly  upon  the  autho- 
rity of  "  L'Art  de  Verifier  les  Dates,"  and  corroborated  by  the  evidence  of 
English  records,  is  presumed  to  be  correct ;  and  wiU  materially  assist  in 
elucidating  the  narrative  of  his  early  career  in  England,  which  it  is  now  time 
to  resume. 

Already  distinguished   in  arms,  tall,    handsome,  and   insinuating  in  his 

Honour  of  Hinckley,  were  given  to  the  Earl  of  Chester,  upon  the  banishment  of  his  uncle. 
(Twysden,  Script.  Dec.  col.  2347.)  Knyghton  is  copied  by  Dugdale  (Baronage,  i.  752),  who 
mentions  the  same  grant  twuie,  and  in  the  second  instance  gives  the  terms  of  it  correctly ;  but  he 
evidently  considered  there  had  been  two  distinct  charters. 

'  The  mayor  and  commonalty  of  Reole,  were  ordered  to  indemnify  the  Archbishop  of  Bordeaux, 
in  the  sum  of  20,000  shillings,  (Bordeaux  money  ?)  for  which  he  had  become  John's  security  to 
Earl  Simon  de  Montfort.     (Claus.  16  Joh.  ra.  21.) 

'  One  of  the  first  who  fell  into  this  error  was  Francis  Thynne,  alias  Botteville,  in  his  "  Discourse 
of  the  Earles  of  Leicester,"  printed  in  the  original  edition  of  Holinshed's  Chronicles,  but  suppressed, 
being  ofiFenaive  to  Robert  Dudley,  Earl  of  Leicester.  (Hearne's  "  Curious  Discourses,"  table  of  eon- 
tents,  art.  VL)  Dugdale  consecrated  the  mistake  (Baronage,  i.  751),  and  has  been  copied  by  every 
writer  from  Sandford  (Genealogical  History,  p.  87),  down  to  Sir  Harris  Nicolas  (Synopsis  of  the 
Peerage,  i.  367).  A  glimmering  of  the  truth  dawned  upon  the  writer  of  the  memoir  of  Simon  de 
Montfort,  in  Nichols's  "History  and  Antiquities  of  Leicester"  (vol.  i.  pt.  1.  p.  99);  but  in  the 
pedigree  of  the  Bellomonts  (p.-  98)  the  old  story  is  repeated.  Even  Ducange  represents  him  to  have 
been  the  husband,  instead  of  the  son,  of  Avicia.  See  his  edition  of  Ville-Hardoiiin, — Observations  sur 
I'Histoire,  p.  250,  ed.  Par.  1657. 
'  The  Comte  d'  Evreux  died  in  1181  at  the  latest.     See  L'Art  de  Verifier  les  Dates. 


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Xll 

address,  young  Simon  de  Montfort  speedily  attracted  the  notice  and  favor  of 
the  weak  and  capricious  Henry  the  Third.'  In  1231  he  obtained  a  grant  of 
his  father's  share  of  the  Honour  of  Leicester,''  and  in  the  following  year  the 
King  gave  him  all  the  land  "  with  appurtenances  "  which  belonged  to  "  Simon 
de  Montfort,  late  Earl  of  Leicester,"  in  England.  This  was,  in  fact  a  creation 
to  the  Earldom  of  Leicester,  to  which  his  elder  brother  Amauri,  Comte  de 
Montfort,  who  had  assumed  the  title,  but  unsuccessfully  solicited  from  Henry 
a  confirmation  of  it,  as  weU  as  the  restoration  of  the  estates,  had  resigned  all 
claim  in  his  favour.* 

In  1236  Simon  de  Montfort  assisted  at  the  marriage  of  Henry  to  Eleanor 
of  Provenge,  holding  the  King's  basin  at  dinner ;  and  in  the  same  year  he  is 
said  to  have  conspired  with  Peter  de  Rivaux  in  procuring  the  disgrace  and 
imprisonment  of  Richard  Sward,  or  Siward,*  a  valiant  knight,  distinguished 
for  his  adherence  to  the  Amfortunate  Richard  Mareschal,  Earl  of  Pembroke.* 

While  the  Earl  of  Leicester  had  been  making  rapid  advances  in  the  favor 
of  his  sovereign,  he  had  also  succeeded  in  gaining  the  affections  of  the  widowed 
Countess  of  Pembroke.  By  some  writers  of  that  age  Eleanor  is  represented 
to  have  been  more  than  imprudent  in  her  advances  to  him :  a  statement 
countenanced  by  the  King's  subsequent  conduct  and  language.     However 

'  The  age  of  Simon  de  Montfort  when  he  came  to  England,  and  the  date  of  his  arrival,  are,  alike, 
unknown.    His  personal  appearance  is  noticed  by  the  Chronicler  of  Lanercost,  p.  39. 

'  Rot.  Fin.  15  Hen.  3,  m.  3. — Claus.  15  Hen.  3,  m.  8.  Dugdale  says  the  estates  were  restored  to 
him  upon  the  decease  of  Ranulpb,  Earl  of  Chester ;  he  supposed  that  nobleman  had  the  custody  of 
them  from  1215  till  his  death  in  123!  ;  when,  in  fact,  they  were  taken  from  him  in  1218,  and 
entrusted  to  the  Bishop  of  Winchester.     See  p.  ix.,  ante  note.  3. 

'  Pat.  16  Hen.  3,  m.  6.  The  patent  recites  that  the  King  made  the  grant  at  the  prayer  of 
Amauri,  Comte  de  Montfort.  See  the  petition  of  Amauri  and  his  charter  in  favour  of  Simon  in  Ry  mer, 
last  edition,  vol.  i.  pt.  1.  pp.  202-5.  In  the  same  work  (p.  203)  there  is  also  another  charter  from 
Amauri,  which  is  erroneously  assigned  to  the  year  1232,  instead  of  1239. 

"  M.  Paris,  355,  364.    A  charter  from  Simon  to  the  same  Richard  Siward,  is  printed,  after  the 
original  In  the  British  Museum,  in  the  Appendix  to  Nichols's  "  History  and  Antiquities  of  Leicester" 
(vol.  1.  pt.  ii.  p.  38.) ;  but  wrongly  referred  to  the  time  of  his  father. 
M.  Paris,  326-62-64. 


XUl 

this  may  have  been  her  partiality  towards  him  did  not  escape  the  notice  of 
the  pious  Edmund,  Archbishop  of  Canterbury,  who  strongly  remonstrated 
with  Henry  and  his  sister  upon  the  impiety  of  their  purpose,  but  without 
eflfect,'  Montfort  and  the  Countess  were  secretly  married  in  the  King's 
private  chapel,  at  Westminster,  on  the  6th  of  January,  1238.  Henry  gave 
away  the  bride,  and  the  ceremony  was  performed  by  one  of  the  royal 
chaplains.* 

A  chronicler  who  is  presumed  to  have  been  contemporary  with  this  event, 
and  who,  like  most  of  his  class,  is  accustomed  to  ascribe  the  residts  of  political 
motives,  not  very  clear,  perhaps,  at  the  time,  to  some  remarkable  object  of 
popular  wonder  or  dislike,  attributes  the  voluntary  esdle  of  the  Archbishop 
of  Canterbury  to  his  unsuccessful  opposition  to  this  marriage.'  The  state- 
ment is  wholly  wrong.  However,  we  are  told,  in  language  both  vivid  and  pic- 
turesque, that  the  Prelate  when  leaving  England,  stood  upon  a  hill  which 
commanded  a  view  of  London,  and  extending  his  hands  towards  the  city, 
pronounced  a  parting  blessing  on  his  country,  and  a  curse  upon  the  Countess 
and  the  offspring  of  her  unholy  union.*  It  is  more  than  probable  that  the 
unfortunate  events  of  after  years  suggested  the  insertion  of  this  story,  so 
creditable  to  the  prophetical  powers  of  St.  Edmund. 

'  The  opposition  of  the  Archbishop  is  recorded  by  the  Chronicler  of  Lanercost : — "  audacter 
obstitit  regi ;  et  sicut  nobilis  aries  sanctus  ejus  prsedecessor  Thomas,  tuendam  suscepit  ecclesiae  Dei 
libertatem,  sic  ipse  tueri  nisus  est  sponsiE  Dei  castitatem"  (p.  39).  It  will  be  recollected  that  the 
Countess  had  vowed  celibacy. 

'  M.  Paris,  393  ;  Ann.  Waverl.,  Gale,  ii.  197.  A  strange  opinion  prevailed  among  the  Chroniclers 
that  the  King  promoted  this  marriage  to  secure  heirs  to  the  crown,  the  Queen  being,  as  yet,  child- 
less (Chron.  de  Lanercost,  p.  39) ;  and  M.  Paris,  writing  of  the  birth  of  Montfort's  first  child,  says 
it  was  born  "adrcgni  robur  et  solatium.  Timebatur  enim  ne  regina  sterilis  esset"  (p.  407).  This 
too  when  Richard  Earl  of  Cornwall  was  living ! 

3  According  to  the  Annals  of  Waverley  the  Archbishop  joumied  to  Rome  in  1238,  upon  the 
occasion  of  a  dispute  with  the  monks  of  Canterbury,  but  returned  within  a  short  time  :  it  was  not 
until  1240that  he  entirely  withdrew  firom  England.     (Gale,  ii.  198  :  M.  Paris,  476.) 

*  "  Certe  etsi  genuerit,  semen  suum  non  diu  permanebit."  (Chron.  de  Lanercost,  p.  39.)  Heming- 
ford  who  omits  Joan,  the  eldest  daughter,  in  his  account  of  the  children  of  King  John,  and  splits 
the  Countess  of  Leicester  into  two  persons,  attributes  a  similar  expression  to  Robert  Grostf  te,  Bishop 
of  Lincoln  (Gale,  ii.  560)  ;  he  is  copied  verbatim  by  Knyghton.    (Twysden,  col.  2426.) 


XIV 


The  secret  of  the  marriage  was  so  carefully  kept,  that  although  it  took 
place  in  January,  Richard,  Earl  of  Cornwall,  the  King's  brother,  did  not  hear 
of  it  until  the  following  month  of  March,  and  subsequently  to  receiving  a 
letter  from  the  Emperor  Frederick  acquainting  him  that  his  sister  the 
Empress  had  been  dehvered  of  a  son.'  His  joy  at  this  intelligence  was 
speedily  mingled  with  indignation  when  informed  of  Eleanor's  alliance  con- 
cluded without  his  knowledge  and  assent ;  and  his  anger  was  increased  by 
Henry  having,  with  equal  secrecy,  married  Richard  de  Clare,  Earl  of  Glou- 
cester, a  rich  ward  of  the  crown,  to  the  daughter  of  John  de  Laci,  Earl  of 
Lincoln.^ 

Richard  accused  his  brother  of  bad  faith  in  still  continuing  to  foUow  the 
advice  of  aliens  whom  he  had  promised  to  remove  from  about  his  person ; 
and  of  rashness  in  presuming  to  undertake  affairs  which  so  nearly  affected 
the  welfare  of  the  kingdom,  without  the  privity  of  his  natural  counsellors.' 
Supported  in  these  remonstrances  by  the  nobility  who  saw,  in  this  distinction 
bestowed  upon  another  foreigner,  that  less  dependence  than  ever  was  to  be 
placed  on  Henry's  reiterated  professions  of  amendment.  Earl  Richard 
assumed  an  offensive  attitude — "  and  then  most  certainly  it  was  hoped  that 
he  would  deliver  the  country  from  the  miserable  rule,  as  well  of  the  Romans 
as  of  the  other  aUens  by  whom  it  was  oppressed ;  and  all  from  the  child  to 
the  old  man  heaped  frequent  blessings  upon  him."  The  XiCgate  Otho  offered 
his  mediation,  which  was  indignantly  rejected,  and  Henry  obtained,  with 
difficulty,  a  truce  until  the  first  Monday  in  Lent,  to  enable  him  to  devise 
some  method  of  satisfying  the  insurgents.^ 

Tlie  beneficial  results  so  anxioiisly  and  confidently  anticipated,  from  this 
shew  of  power  and  resolution  on  the  part  of  the  nobility,  were  not  attained. 
The  malcontents,  headed  by  the  Earl  of  Cornwall,  assembled  in  arms  and 
great  force  at  London,  on  the  expiration  of  the  truce.=  But  while  the  con- 
cessions they  demanded  were  discussed  by  the  King's  creatures,  with  artfiil 
delay,  intrigue  was  busy  with  their  chief.     Through  the  intercession  of 

>  M.  Paris,  394.  '  Ibid.  395.  »  Ibid.  394-5.  Mbid.  395.  »  Ibid. 


XV 

friends,  powerfully  seconded  by  valuable  presents,  Montfort  succeeded  in 
gaining  over  the  Earl ;  the  insurgents,  disgusted  by  the  insincerity  and  defec- 
tion of  their  leader,  quickly  dispersed,  and  the  storm  so  suddenly  raised  as 
suddenly  passed  away.  This  conduct,  however,  "  greatly  obscured  the  fame 
of  Earl  Richard ;  and  thus  he  who  had  been  thought  a  staff  of  strength, 
was,  henceforth,  suspected/" 

The  Earl  of  Leicester  found,  however,  that  his  marriage  was  generally 
regarded  as  null  and  void,  owing  to  the  sacred  obligation  incurred  by  the 
Countess  during  her  widowhood.  He  withdrew,  therefore,  from  court,  and 
retired  to  Leicester,  where  he  amassed  as  much  money  as  he  could,,  taking 
from  one  burgess  the  large  sum  of  500  marks  ;^  and  shortly  afterwards,  with 
the  consent,  and  under  the  protection  of  the  King,'  set  out  for  Rome,  to 
procure  a  dispensation  for  his  wife,  whom  he  left,  pregnant,  at  Kenilworth, 
to  await  the  result  of  his  journey.'' 

In  order  to  obtain  greater  influence  with  the  Pope,  Simon  appUed  in  the 
first  instance  to  the  Emperor  Frederic.  It  is  stated  that  he  bore  arms  under 
himj'  if  so,  it  must  have  been  for  a  very  short  time.  At  length,  fortified  by 
his  favour  and  letters  of  recommendation,  he  appeared  at  the  papal  court, 

'  Ibid.  396.  »  Ibid.  396. 

'  The  words  of  Matthew  Paris  (p.  396)  convey  »  contrary  impression ;  but  the  fact  is  placed 
beyond  doubt  by  the  following  letters  of  credence,  now  for  the  first  time  published.  "  Rex 
universis  cardinalibus,  salutem.  Dilectum  fratrem  et  fidelem  nostrum  Simonem  de  Montefortl, 
pro  quibusdam  negotiis  honorem  et  commodum  nostrum,  necnon  et  regni  nostri,  tangentibus  ad 
sedem  apostolicam  duximus  transmittendum ;  paternitatem  vestram  attente  rogantes,  quatinus  in 
hiis  quae  prsedictus  Simon  vobis  exponet,  et  quaj  ad  nostrum,  necnon  et  regni  nostri,  commodum 
spectant,  pariter  et  honorem,  ei  fidem  adhibere  velitis.  In  cujus  etc.  T.  Rege,  apud  Theokesberiam, 
xxvij.  die  Martii. — Per  ipsum  Regem. 

Per  eadem  verba  scribitur  domino  Papse."     Pat.  22  Hen.  III.  m.  8. 

»  The  writer  of  the  early  portion  of  the  Chronicle  of  Lanercost,  ■*ho  says  he  derived  his  information 
from  the  confessor  of  Simon  de  Montfort,  states  that  the  Earl  went  to  Rome  in  company  with  his 
'wife,  "  ubi  discussa  eorum  vel  vera  vel  prsetensa  causa  a  domino  Gregorio  papa,  dispensatorie  con- 
junguntur :"  but  a  doubt  is  cast  upon  the  accuracy  of  his  account  when  he  proceeds  to  say  "  licet 
idem  bonae  fidei  comes,  ob  conscienticB  teneritudinem,  duodecim  annis  ab  uxoris  suae  amplexu 
abstinuerit ;"  an  assertion  both  false  and  absurd:  compare  M.  Paris,  396. 
'  M.  Paris,  396. 


XVI 

and  after  spending  large  sums  of  money,  and  promising  far  more  than  he 
spent,  finally  succeeded  in  obtaining  a  dispensation,  which  the  Legate  Otho 
was  commanded  to  pronounce  in  public  with  due  solemnity.' 

This  grant  was  severely  commented  upon  by  the  English  clergy,  to  whom 
it  seemed  directly  contrary  to  the  canons  of  the  church,  and  calculated  to 
compromise  the  sanctity  of  the  papal  character  j  but,  as  the  monk  of  St. 
Alban's  sarcastically  observes,  "  the  court  of  Rome  reasoned  more  subtilely 
than  it  is  permitted  unto  us  to  comprehend."* 

The  Earl  of  Leicester  returned  to  England  on  the  14th  of  October,  1238,* 
and  was  graciously  received  by  the  King  and  his  brother.  He  hastened 
from  the  court  to  rejoin  his  wife  at  Kenilworth,  where  their  eldest  son, 
Henry,  was  bom  on  Advent  Sunday  following ;  and  baptized  by  the  Bishop 
of  Chester,  who  was  taken  ill  after  the  ceremony  and  died  within  a  few- 
days.* 

On  the  2nd  of  February,  1239,  Henry  solemnly  invested  Simon  with  the 
Earldom  of  Leicester,  to  which  dignity  Amauri,  Comte  de  Montfort,  again 
resigned  all  claim  in  his  favour.' 

The  Earl,  however,  was  not  destined  to  maintain  an  unshaken  hold  upon 
the  affections  of  his  fickle  sovereign.  In  the  following  month  of  August 
many  of  the  nobles  and  their  wives  assembled  in  London,  to  be  present  at 

•  M.  Paris,  398 

'  M.  Paris  instances,  in  particular,  the  remarks  of  one  Master  William  of  Abingdon,  a  Dominican, 
friar,  and  others,  "  sanctitatem  Papse  circumveniri,  et  animas  periclitari,  Christumque  zelotypari 
veraciter  affirmantes."    Ibid.  a  M.  Paris,  401. 

*  Ibid.  407.  The  writer  of  the  memoir  of  Simon  de  Montfort,  in  Nichols's  "  History  and  Anti- 
quities of  Leicester,"  who  misread  this  passage,  says  the  Earl  was  taken  ill  (vol.  i.  pt.  i.  p.  108). 

^  M.  Paris,  409.  ",  Amauri,  Comte  de  Montfort,  Constable  of  France,"  by  charter  dated  on  the 
Monday  next  after  the  quinzaine  of  Easter,  1239,  resigns  to  "  his  beloved  brother,  Simon  de  Mont- 
fort, Earl  of  Leicester,"  all  his  claim  and  right  to  his  father's  share  of  the  Honour  of  Leicester :  this 
release  was  confirmed  by  Henry  the  Third,  on  the  17th  of  April,  in  the  same  year.  Both  docu- 
ments are  printed  in  the  Appendix  to  Nichols's  "  History  and  Antiquities  of  Leicester,"  No.  xvi. 
See  also  Rymer,  vol.  i.  pt.  1.  p.  203. 


xvu 

the  churching  of  Queen  Eleanor,  who  had  given  birth  to  Prince  Edward  in 
the  preceding  July.  Amongst  the  rest  the  Earl  and  Countess  of  Leicester 
presented  themselves  to  assist  at  the  solemnity.  Henry  prohibited  them  from 
attending ;  assigned  as  a  reason,  that  Simon  was  an  excommunicated  per- 
son, who  had  basely  and  wickedly  seduced  his  wife  before  marriage ;  and 
added,  that  he  had  unwillingly  permitted  their  nuptials  to  conceal  his  sister's 
shame.  Upon  this  repulse  the  Earl  and  Countess  withdrew  to  Winchester 
House  in  Southwark,  which,  during  the  vacancy  of  the  see,  had  been  lent 
them  for  a  residence.  From  that  place,  however,  Henry  ordered  them  to  be 
instantly  ejected.  Finding  that  no  entreaties  could  appease  the  King's  real 
or  affected  indignation,  and  dreading  more  serious  consequences,  Simon  and 
his  wife,  with  a  few  attendants,  took  ship  in  the  Thames  the  same  day  and 
went  over  to  France.' 

It  is  possible  there  may  have' been  some  foundation  for  this  charge  against 
the  Earl ;  but  as  the  King  admitted  his  knowledge  of  the  circumstance  to 
have  preceded  the  marriage ;  and  as  subsequently  to  that  event,  far  from 
shewing  any  displeasure,  he  had  bestowed  many  marks  of  favour  upon  him  ; 
it  must  be  obvious  that  Henry's  sense  of  Montfort's  misconduct  was  shewn 
somewhat  too  late  not  to  excite  a  suspicion  that  his  sudden  ebullition  of 
anger  was  produced  by  some  more  immediate  cause  than  that  assigned  by 
him.  It  wiU  be  recollected  that  the  Earl  of  Leicester  had,  with  Henry's 
countenance,  sought  and  obtained  a  dispensatioa  for  his  marriage,  that  he 
was  compelled  to  bribe  the  papal  authorities  to  an  enormous  extent,  and  had 
promised  more  than  he  actually  paid.  Relying  upon  the  King's  favour  and 
anxiety  to  promote  the  success  of  his  suit  he  had  secretly  and  wholly  ■without 
sanction,  made  him  a  joint  security  with  himself  for  the  discharge  of  the 
additional  sums  he  undertook  to  pay.^     Having  failed,  eventually,  to  ftdfil 

'  M.  Paris,  422 ;  "  per  Tamesim  in  cymba  minima,  cum  uxore  tunc  et  pauca  familia  ad  mare 
festinanter  declinans,  continuo  transfretavit." 

'  Henry's  language,  as  recorded  by  M.  Paris,  is  decisive  as  to  this  fact :  "  ad  cumulum  etiam  mi- 
seriiB  tuse,  me  inconsultum  et  nescium,  fidejussorem,  per  falsum  testimonium,  interposuisti :"  p.  422. 
It  should  be  observed,  however,  that  Montfort's  credentials  gave  him  full  power  to  use  the  King's 
name  in  the  prosecution  of  his  suit.     See  p.  xv.  ante,  note  3 . 

d 


XVIU 

his  engagements,  the  hungry  ItaUans  applied  to  Henry,  who  then  first  learned 
how  greatly  he  had  been  involved  by  the  Earl,  and  hence  his  violent  burst  of 
indignation.  It  is  quite  clear  that  if  his  pocket  had  been  untouched  the 
King  would  not  have  troubled  himself  about  his  sister's  honour.  The  papal 
emissaries  hinted,  probably,  that  as  the  price  of  the  dispensation  had  not 
been  duly  paid  that  document  could  be  set  aside  as  readily  as  it  had  been 
granted ;  and  Simon  be  still  held  liable  to  excommunication.  "  Failing  in 
the  payment  of  the  money,"  said  Henry,  "  you  have  deserved  to  be  excom- 
municated." ' 

The  King's  resentment  did  not  last  long.  After  an  exile  of  seven  or  eight 
months,  the  Earl  of  Leicester  succeeded  in  effecting  a  reconciliation  with  his 
royal  brother-in-law,  and  in  April,  1240,  returned  to  England,  where  he 
was  honourably  received.  The  Countess  being  again  pregnant  remaiped 
abroad.^ 

His  chief  object  during  a  short  stay  was  to  collect  money  to  enable  him  to 
join  the  Crusade,  for  which  Richard,  Earl  of  Cornwall  and  many  of  the  Eng- 
lish ■  nobility  were  preparing.  He  had  a  family  motive  for  sharing  in  this 
expedition ;  his  brother  Amauri  having  been  taken  prisoner  at  the  battle  of 
Gaza,  the  year  before,  was  yet  a  captive  at  Babylon.  On  this  occasion 
Simon  aUenated  some  of  his  lands,  particularly  the  forest  of  Leicester,  which 
he  sold  to  the  Hospitallers  and  Canons  of  that  town,  for  above  one  thousand 
pounds.^ 

We  have  no  account  of  the  exploits  of  the  Earl  during  this  crusade ;  *  but 
they  seem  to  have  gained  him  some  reputation,  and  he  attracted  the  notice 
of  the  nobility  of  the  unfortunate  and  distracted  kingdom  of  Jerusalem,  who 
in  June,  1241,  petitioned  the  Emperor  Frederick  II.  to  appoint  him  governor 
of  the  country  until  the  majority  of  King  Conrad,  and  until  he  should 

'  M.  Paris,  422.  »  Ibid.  470.  ^  ibid.  470. 

'  The  principal  result  of  tlie  journey  was  the  delivery  of  the  prisoners  taken  at  the  battle  of  Gaza. 
See  the  Earl  of  Cornwall's  letter,  in  M.  Paris,  p.  503. 


XIX 

come  thither,  or  appoint  some  other  deputy  in  the  Earl's  place.'     The  peti- 
tion proceeds : 

"  And  that  the  aforesaid  Lord  Simon  de  Montfort  shall  swear  to  keep  and 
preserve  the  rights  of  the  Emperor,  and  of  his  son.  King  Conrad,  and  all 
those  who  are  in  the  land,  both  the  going  and  coming,  and  the  resident,  on  land 
and  sea,  every  one  in  his  reason  and  in  his  right ;  and  to  govern  them  by  the 
usages  and  customs,  and  by  the  Assizes  of  the  kingdom  of  Jerusalem.  And  we 
the  people  of  the  country,  as  underwritten,  will  swear  to  keep  and  maintain  him 
in  his  office,  and  to  obey  him  as  we  would  the  person  of  the  Emperor ;  and 

'  This  circumstance  has  not  been  noticed  in  any  previous  account  of  the  Earl  of  Leicester's  life.  A 
contemporary  copy  of  the  petition,  (perhaps  the  original,)  is  preserved  in  the  Cottonian  MS.,  Ves- 
pasian F.  i.  fol.  114,  and  is  novf,  for  the  first  time,  printed. 

"  Ceste  est  la  forme  de  la  pais  que  nos  Barons  et  chevalers  etCiteens  del  Reaume  de  Jerusalem  ;  et 
nos  Balien  Dybelin,  seignor  de  Baruth  et  nos  freres,  et  je  Johan  Dybelin  demandons  et  requerons 
de  nostre  seignor  Lemperor.  Primerement  quil  nos  rende  sa  grace,  et  nos  pardonist  toz  les  mesfaiz 
des  contens  por  achaison  de  la  descorde  qui  a  este  en  la  terre  jusqe  au  jor  de  oui.  Et  quil  nos  baut 
a  bail  mon  sire  Simon  de  Monfort  Conte  de  Leicestre,  jusqe  alage  de  nostre  seignor  le  Rei  Conrard  et 
encore  jusqe  a  tant  que  nostre  seignor  le  Rei  venge  en  la  terre,  ou  quil  i  enveit  aucun  autre  de  par 
lui  qui  seit  au  lone  del  devantdit  Simon.  Et  quil  seit  bail  de  tot  le  Reaume  de  Jerusalem  ausi  come 
nostre  seignor  Lemperor  i  fuist  en  sa  propre  persone.  Et  que  le  devandit  mon  sire  Simon  de  Monfort 
jurra  a  garder  et  sauver  les  dreiz  de  Lemperere  et  de  son  fiz  le  Rei  Conrard,  et  toz  ceaus  qui  en  la 
terre  sont,  et  les  alans  et  les  venans  et  les  estaians,  par  terre  et  par  mer,  cbascun  en  sa  reison  et  en 
son  dreit,  et  mener  les  par  les  ous  et  les  costumes,  et  par  les  assis  del  Reaume  de  Jerusalem.  Et  nos 
gens  de  la  terre,  si  come  il  est  desuz  moti,  lui  jurrons  a  garder  et  sauver  en  son  bailaie  et  obeir  come 
au  cors  de  Lemperor,  et  osterons  la  campane,  et  les  conseles  et  les  chevetaines  de  la  commune,  sauf 
ceaus  qui  esteient  avant  que  Lemperere  fuist  seignor  del  pais.  Et  ceste  forme  de  pais  et  ceste  grace 
nos  prions  et  requerons  a  nostre  seignor  lemperor  quil  les  seele  de  son  seel  dor.  Et  nos  Balien 
Dybelin  seignor  de  Baruth,  et  nos  Phelipe  de  Monfort  seignor  del  Toron,  et  nos  Johan  Dybelin  sire 
Darsur  et  nos  Joufrei  Destreum  sire  de  Caiphas  avons  jure  et  promis  sor  la  sainte  euvangile  a  tenir 
ceste  pais  et  fere  tenir  a  nos  poiers,  et  non  estre  alencontre,  si  tost  come  ele  verra.  Et  por  ce  que 
ces  chose  si  come  cles  sont  desuz  escrites  soient  fermes  et  estables,  nos  i  avons  penduz  nos  seaus. 
Ce  fui  fait  en  Ian  del  incarnacion  nostre  seignor  Jhu  crist,  m.cc.xli.,  an  au  vij.  jor  del  meis  de  Jun, 
en  Acre."  For  some  account  of  the  parties  to  this  petition  the  reader  is  referred  to  the  collection 
entitled  "Assises  et  Bons  Usages  du  Royaume  de  Jerusalem,"  fol.  Bourges,  1690,  pp.  221-38; 
Sanuto  may  be  consulted  for  the  causes  which  may  have  led  them  to  take  this  step.  "  Gesta  Dei 
per  Francos,"  fol.  Hanov.  1611,  vol.  ii.  p.  216. 


we  will  remove  the  bell,  and  the  counsellors,  and  the  captains  of  the  com- 
mons, saving  those  who  were  in  existence  before  the  Emperor  was  lord  of 
the  country.  And  this  form  of  peace,  and  this  grace  we  pray  and  request  of 
our  Lord  the  Emperor  to  seal  with  his  golden  seal.  And  we  Balien  d'Ybelin, 
Seigneur  de  Baruth,  and  we  Philip  de  Montfort,  Seigneur  de  Thoron,  and  we 
Johan  d'Ybelin,  Sire  d'Arsur,  and  we  Joufrei  d'Estreum,  Sire  de  Caiphas, 
have  sworn  and  promised  upon  the  Holy  Gospel,  to  keep  this  peace,  and  to 
cause  it  to  be  kept  to  the  best  of  our  powers,  and  not  to  oppose  it  so  long  as 
it  shall  endure.  And  that  these  things,  as  they  are  above  written  may  be 
firm  and  stable,  we  have  thereunto  hung  our  seals.  This  was  done  in  the 
year  of  the  Incarnation  of  our  Lord  Jesus  Christ,  1241,  on  the  7th  day  of  the 
month  of  Jime,  at  Acre."  , 

The  reception  this  petition  met  with  from  Frederick  is  not  known.  Leices- 
ter returned  to  England  in  the  following  year,  and  accompanied  Henry  in  his 
mad  expedition  into  Poitou,  where  he  greatly  distinguished  himself  at  the 
battle  of  Xaintes.  After  Henry  quitted  the  field  and  retired  to  Bordeaux, 
where  he  idled  his  time  and  expended  large  sums  of  money  in  feasting  the 
Viscountess  of  Beam,'  and  her  son,  Gaston,  Montfort  and  William,  Earl  of 
Salisbury,  remained  with  him  to  their  great  loss  and  embarrassment  long 
after  most  of  the  nobility,  disgusted  by  the  King's  thoughtlessness  and  levity, 
had  returned  to  England. 

In  1244  Simon  was  one  of  the  committee,  chosen  by  the  nobility  and 
clergy  to  deliberate  upon  the  grant  of  a  subsidy  to  the  King;"  and  in  1246 
his  name  appears  among  the  writers  of  the  letter  from  the  English  Baronage 
to  the  Pope,  detailing  the  grievances  inflicted  upon  the  realm  of  England, 
by  the  agents  of  the  court  of  Rome.* 

When  St.  Louis  of  France  made  preparations  for  another  crusade  in  1248, 


'  "Mulier  singulariter  monstruosa,  et  pree  grassitudine  prodigiosa,"  says  M.  Paris,  526. 
•^  M.  Paris,  563-4.  3  Ibid.  613. 


XXI 


Montfort,  his  immediate  retainers,  and  many  of  the  English  nobles  assumed 
the  cross  and  resolved  to  join  the  expedition.'  On  this  occasion  he  obtained 
the  King's  consent,  that  for  eight  years  following  the  day  of  his  death,  the 
revenues  of  all  his  lands  of  the  Honour  of  Leicester  should  be  applied  to  the 
payment  of  his  debts  and  the  execution  of  his  wUl.^ 

He  was  prevented  from  fulfilling  his  intention,  by  being,  in  the  same  year, 
appointed  Seneschal  of  Guienne,'  which  had  long  been  in  a  rebellious  con- 
dition, and  defied  aU  the  efforts  of  the  King's  lieutenants  to  reduce  it  to 
order.  In  his  government  of  that  important  province,  Montfort  displayed 
great  energy  and  ability.  In  the  outset,  he  compelled  Gaston  de  Beam  to 
agree  to  a  trude,  and  then  turned  his  arms  with  success  against  the  smaller 
rebels  who  desolated  the  country  in  every  direction,*  and  whom  he  soon 
succeeded  in  subduing.  Gaston,  himself,  was  eventually  captured,  and  sent 
in  chains  to  England,  Leicester  shewed  Uttle  clemency  in  his  treatment  of 
the  conquered,"  and  from  the  frequent  complaints  of  the  Gascons,  during 
his  subsequent  administration  of  their  affairs,  it  is  impossible  not  to  beheve 
they  had  every  reason  to  be  dissatisfied  with  his  violence  and  oppression.' 

From  the  year  1252,  when  he  was  recalled  from  Gascony,'  the  history  of 
the  Earl  of  Leicester  becomes  an  essential  part  of  the  history  of  England, 


'  M.  Paris,  645  ;  who  suspected  he  was  led  to  this  resolution  by  some  compunctious  feelings  on 
the  subject  of  his  marriage.     The  Countess  also,  is  said  to  have  taken  the  cross. 

=  Pat.  32  Hen.  3,  ra.3. 

'  He  was  appointed  by  Patent  for  six  years  (Ann.  de  Dunstaple,  i.  293) ;  no  enrolment  of  it  can 
be  found,  but  it  was  dated  hefare  the  6th  of  February  1249.  (Pat.  33,  Hen.  3,  m.  V-ii.)  In  1252 
Henry,  who  was  anxious  to  settle  the  province  upon  Prince  Edward,  agreed  to  give  the  Earl  7000 
marks  (£4666.  13i.  4(i.)  to  surrender  his  office.  This  sum  was  actually  paid  him  by  instalments. 
(Liberate,  38  Hen.  3,  m.  8-4.)     See  also  M.  Paris,  747. 

<  M.  Paris,  657. 

'  M.  Paris  distinctly  says,  he  emulated  the  example  of  his  father  :  "  multos  etiam  patibulis  ex- 
celsis  prsesentavit." 

•  Ann.  de  Dunstaple,  i.  293.  Foedera,  vol.  i.  pt.  i.  pp.  271-5-82.  M.  Paris,  723.       "  M.  Paris,  747. 


xxu 

and  as  such  is  beyond  the  scope  of  this  notice ;  the  sole  object  of  which  has 
been,  to  trace  the  early,  and  obscurer  events  of  his  life. 

It  is  well  known  that  he  fell  in  the  conflict  at  Evesham,  on  the  4th  of 
August,  1265  ;  and  the  manner  of  his  death  was  worthy  of  his  reputation  for 
prowess  and  courage.  Upon  being  told  that  his  eldest,  and  favourite,  son 
Henry  vi'as  killed,  he  cried  "  by  the  arm  of  St.  James,  then  it  is  time  for  me 
to  die ;"  and  grasping  his  sword  with  both  hands,  rushed  upon  his  assailants^ 
striking  with  such  rapidity  and  vigour,'  that  a  witness  of  the  scene  asserted, 
tliat  had  he  had  but  eight  followers  like  himself,  he  would  have  changed  the 
fortune  of  the  day.  Wounded  at  last,  by  a  blow  from  behind,  he  fell  from 
his  horse,  and  was  instantly  dispatched,  and  horribly  mutilated  by  his 
victors.'^  According  to  the  chronicler  who  describes  this  scene,  the  esquire 
who  dealt  the  wound  which  brought  him  to  the  ground,  was  afterwards 
recommended  by  Prince  Edward,  to  his  sister,  Margaret,  Queen  of  Scotland,* 
when  they  met  at  Haddington  previously  to  his  departure  for  the  Holy  Land, 
and  the  circumstances  of  his  death  afford  a  curious  illustration  of  the  simple 
manners  of  the  Scottish  court. 

Queen  Margaret  was  walking,  after  supper,  by  the  banks  of  the  Tay,  at 
Kinclaven  Castle,  in  Perthshire,  attended  by  her  maidens  and  esquires,  and 
also  by  her  confessor,  who  told  the  story  to  the  Chronicler  of  Lanercost. 
The  party  sat  down  by  the  river-side,  and  the  pompous  esquire  who  prided 
himself  upon  having  slain  Montfort,  descended  to  the  water's  edge  to 
wash  his  hands,  which  in  romping  he  had  soUed  with  mud.  As  he  stood 
leaning  over  the  stream,  a  damsel  came  softly  behind,  and  pushed  him  in. 
He  took  the  joke  in  good  part ;  «  what  do  I  care,"  he  exclaimed,  "  even 
though  I  were  further  out,  I  can  swim."  But  while  amid  the  laughter  of  the 
spectators  he  floundered  about  in  the  water,  he  suddenly  found  himself 
sinking,  and  shouted  for  assistance,  which  none  present  could  render :  his  boy 
who  was  playing  near  at  hand,  hearing  his  master's  cries  ran  up  and  plunged 

'  "  Tanto  spiritus  impetu,  tanta  vi  canitiei  ictus  vibrabat." — Chron.  de  Lanercost,'76. 
2  Ibid  :  see  also  M.  Paris.  3  Ibid.  p.  81. 


into  the  river  to  save  him,  but  they  were  both  drowned.  "  Thus  the  enemy 
of  Simon,  and  servant  of  Sathan,  who  boasted  he  was  the  cause  of  the  death 
of  a  valiant  knight,  perished  in  sight  of  all/'  ' 

The  career  of  the  Earl  of  Leicester  exhibits  the  singular  picture  of  a  man 
who  commenced  life  an  object  of  popxilar  aversion,  as  a  foreigner  raised  by 
the  crown  to  high  station  and  wealth ;  and  ended  it  in  combating,  ostensibly, 
for  the  liberties  of  the  people.  But  as  his  unpopularity,  in  the  first  instance, 
was,  in  some  degree  unmerited,  so  the  actions  which  endeared  his  memory  to 
the  commons  of  England,  who  remembered  him  as  "  the  good  Comte  de 
Montfort,"  were  far  from  being  the  result  of  his  love  of  justice  and  liberty. 
An  alien  he  certainly  was  by  birth,  but  he  represented  in  the  female  hne  one 
of  the  most  distinguished  Anglo-Norman  families ;  to  the  title  of  which, 
borne  by  his  father  before  him,  he  had  an  undoubted  claim :  the  English, 
however,  regarded  him  only  as  a  stranger  suddenly  elevated  to  power  and 
clandestinely  allied  to  the  sovereign.  A  woeful  experience  perhaps  led  them 
to  anticipate,  he  might  prove  a  worthy  rival  in  oppression  to  Peter  de  Roches 
or  Peter  de  Rivaux. 

Great  mistakes  arise  both  in  writing  and  reading  history,  firom  a  confusion 
of  terms.  In  the  thirteenth  century  the  phrase  "people  of  England," 
signified  the  greater  and  lesser  baronage,  the  clergy  and  the  citizens  of 
London.  Thus  when  chroniclers  state  that  the  King  invaded  the  liberties 
of  the  people,  we  must  understand  that  the  privileges  of  an  aristocracy  were 
threatened,  and  the  franchises  of  a  city  disregarded.  Such  were  the  people 
who  firamed  and  extorted  the  fallacious  security  of  the  Great  Charter  from 
John,  and  such  the  people  whose  liberties,  as  defined  by  that  charter,  the 
Earl  of  Leicester  undertook,  originally,  to  defend  against  Henry  the  Third. 
But   when   the   power  of  the    crown    was  annihilated,  and   the   sovereign 

'  Chron.  de  Lanercost  97.  Margaret's  grief  for  his  death  was  so  great  as  to  excite  a  suspicion  of 
the  purity  of  its  cause.  lb.  98.  The  discovery  of  his  body  is  noticed  by  the  Chronicle  of  Melrose  -, 
two  hideous  cray-fish  (scrabones)  were  found  fastened  on  his  stomach.  Cronica  de  Mailros,  Gale  i., 
239. 


XXIV 

himself  a  prisoner  in  the  hands  of  his  insurgent  nobihty ;  the  union  arising 
from  a  common  interest  in  the  struggle,  which  had  thus  far  ensured  their 
success,  was  no  more.  The  several  leaders  regarded  each  other  with  distrust ; ' 
and  Leicester,  whom  a  strong  current  of  prosperity  had  hurried  on,  from  the 
simple  vindication  of  acknowledged,  but  outraged  rights,  to  that  pitch  of 
elevation  which  produced  an  ambitious  uncertainty  of  purpose,  was  com- 
pelled to  maintain  his  declining  ascendancy  among  the  barons,  by  creating  a 
new  party;  which  should  be  essentially  his  own.^  It  was  thus  that  he  first 
breathed  hfe  into  the  real  people  of  England,  by  tracing  the  outlines  of 
popular  representation,  and  from  being  the  champion  of  an  oligarchy 
attempted  to  become  the  dictator  of  a  democracy.  He  failed  in  his  scheme, 
only  because  the  nation  was  awkward  in  the  use  of  its  new  privilege.  To 
say  that  Montfort  was  influenced  to  this  course  by  any  other  than  selfish 
motives,'  or  that  he  had  a  just  idea  of  the  power  of  the  machine  which  he 
attempted  to  set  in  motion,  would  be  to  give  him  more  credit  than  history 
and  mankind  have  usually  granted  to  political  inventors,  and  to  claim  for  him 
more  transcendant  abilities,  and  a  mind  more  in  advance  of  his  age,  than 
any  action  of  his  life  can  warrant  us  in  believing  him  to  have  possessed. 

Popular  as  the  Earl  of  Leicester  was  with  the  comilions  of  England,  he 
found  equal  favour  with  the  English  church,  which  he  freed  from  papal  extor- 
tion, under  which  it  had  so  long  writhed.  The  chroniclers  of  his  deeds  were 
churchmen ;  to  them  no  epithet  of  praise  seemed  too  extravaganf  to  be 

'  The  Earl  of  Gloucester,  jealous  of  Montfort's  power,  and  suspicious  of  his  motives,  seceded  from 
him  after  the  battle  of  Lewes.     M.  Paris,  854-5. 

'  The  first  writs  for  the  election  of  knights  of  the  shire  and  burgesses  were  not  issued  until  the  end 
of  the  year  1264  and  the  beginning  of  1265. 

'  An  inspection  of  the  Patent  and  Charter  Rolls  for  the  period  between  the  battle  of  Lewes  and  that 
of  Evesham  will  show  that  Montfort  lost  no  time  in  securing  to  himself  and  family  all  that  he  possibly 
could.  These  documents  have  been  used  for  the  notes  to  the  Household  Roll ;  and  many  of  his  acqui- 
sitions are  noticed  by  Dugdale  (Baronage,  i.  751  et  seq). 

*  "  Constans  fuit  in  verbo,  severus  in  vultu,  maxime  fidus  in  orationibus  religiosorum,  ecclesias- 
ticis  magnam  semper  irapendens  reverentiam  ;'■  such  is  the  language  of  the  continuator  of  Matthew 
Paris ;  see  also  the  Annals  of  Waverley  and  the  Chronicle  of  Lanercost. 


XXV 


applied  to  him,  and  their  gratitude  invested  with  the  dignity  of  a  martyr  and 
a  saint,'  a  man  who  perished  under  sentence  of  excommunication.^ 

Of  the  personal  character  of  Simon  de  Montfort  Kttle  is  known.  He  was 
eminent  for  prowess  and  courage  in  an  age  essentially  martial ;  and,  like  his 
father,  remarkable  for  cruelty,  amid  the  general  ferocity  of  his  time.  His 
favourite  oath  has  been  recorded.  He  swore  "by  the  arm  of  St.  James" 
when  he  assented  to  the  constitutions  of  Oxford,^  and  the  same  exclamation 
escaped  him  as  he  rushed  upon  certain  death  at  the  battle  of  Evesham. 

By  the  Countess  of  Pembroke  the  Earl  of  Leicester  had  five  sons ;  Henry, 
Simon,  Guy,  Amauri  and  Richard ;  and  a  daughter  named  Eleanor. 

Henry  de  Montfort,  as  already  mentioned,  was  slain  with  his  father  at 
Evesham.  He  was  the  godson  of  King  Henry ;  and  Prince  Edward,  who 
had  passed  his  boyhood  in  his  company,  and  was  greatly  attached  to  him, 
assisted  in  person  at  his  funeral.*  Simon,  after  the  surrender  of  Kenilworth 
Castle  in  December,  1266,  fled  abroad,  and  was  shortly  followed  by  his 
brother  Guy,  who  had  been  imprisoned  in  Dover  Castle,  but  bribed  his 
keepers  and  escaped.'  The  two  brothers  went  to  Tuscany ;  and  when  Henry 
the  son  of  Richard,  King  of  the  Romans,  passed  through  Italy  in  the  suite  of 
Philip  of  France,  on  his  return  from  the  Holy  Land,  in  I271,  they  met  and 
assassinated  him,  while  at  mass  in  the  church  of  St.  Lawrence,  at  Viterbo.* 


•  "  Fama  fert,  quod  Simon  post  mortem  multis  claruit  miraculis,  quae  propter  metum  Regum,  in 
publicum  non  prodirunt."  M.  Paris,  856. — "  Vidimus  plures  viva  voce  testificari  signa  sanitatum 
in  se  experta ;  sed  et  oblationes  quotidianae  et  opera  fabricse  ibi  erectae,  idem  si  homines  tacuerint 
per  lapides  clamare  videntur."  Cliron.  de  Lanercost,  77.  See  also  the  Chronicle  of  Melrose ;  Gale, 
i.  pp.  232-38.  The  Cottonian  MS.,  Vespasian  A.  vi.,  contains  a  list  of  the  miracles  worked  at  his 
tomb  ;  and  a  form  of  prayer  to  him,  on  fol.  189,  b.  It  should  be  observed  that  this  MS.  is  of  the 
fourteenth  century  only. 

'  Raynaldi,  Ann.  Eccl.,  A.D.  1265.,  §  72.  '  Chron.  de  Lanercost,  p.  67. 

•  U.  Paris,  856.  '  M.  Paris,  858. 

•  Th.Wikes,  Gale,  ii.  94.  That  both  the  brothers  were  implicated  in  this  transaction  is  proved 
by  the  letter  written  by  Philip  to  the  King  of  the  Romans,  announcing  the  death  of  his  son,'dated 

e 


XXVI 

The  baseness  of  this  deed  was  aggravated  by  the  circumstance  of  Simon 
having  been  indebted  for  his  own  life  to  the  intercession  of  the  King  of  the 
Romans,  when  he  surrendered  to  the  royal  party,  at  Northampton,  in  1266.' 
Of  Amauri,  Richard,  Eleanor,  and  the  Countess,  some  further  account  will  be 
given  hereafter. 

The  curious  Household  RoU  of  the  Countess  of  Leicester,  which  has  called 
forth  the  preceding  remarks,  commences  on  Thursday,  the  19th  of  February, 
1265.  Before  proceeding  to  examine  such  portions  of  it  as  exhibit  ghmpses 
of  the  domestic  economy  of  a  person  of  rank  in  the  thirteenth  century,  it  is 
important  to  shew  that  the  history  of  the  few  eventfid.  months  preceding  the 
final  struggle  between  Montfort  and  the  royal  party,  derives  some  illustration 
from  its  contents. 

The  consequence  of  the  victory  gained  by  the  Earl  of  Leicester  at  Lewes, 
on  the  14th  of  May,  1264,  had  been  to  place  in  his  hands  the  persons  of 

at  Viterbo  on  the  morrow  of  the  Feast  of  St.  Gregory,  the  day  of  the  murder.  The  French  King's 
account  is  as  follows.  "Ad  vestrae  serenitatis  notitiam  jocundiores  libenter  dirigeremus  rumores,  si 
nobis  eos  divina  miseratio  indulsisset.  Sed  nunc  nova  quffidam  molesta  et  tristia  vobis  compellimur 
ixunciare,  quae  nos  in  crastino  beati  Gregorii  existentes  Viterbii,  et  in  ecclesia  Fratrum  Minorum 
Viterbiencium  missarum  solempnia  audientes  ex  relatibus  quorundam  fidedignorum  didicimus ;  vide- 
licet, quod  Gwydo  et  Simon  de  Monteforti,  milites,  in  karissimum  consanguineum  nostrum  dominum 
Henricum,  priraogenitum  vestrum,  dum,  dictis  die  et  hova,  in  quadam  alia  capella  Viterbii  ante  suum 
hospitium  esset,  causa  audiendi  missam,  seu  orandi,  manu  irruerunt  armata,  et  ibidem  eum,  insti^ante 
diabolo,  occiderunt,  quod  vobis  referimus  non  absque  vehementi  cordis  nostri  amaritudine  et  dolore." 
This  document,  as  yet  unpublished,  is  preserved  in  the  contemporary  Chronicle,  in  the  MS.  entitled 
"  Liber  de  Antiquis  Legibus,"  belonging  to  the  Corporation  of  London.  It  is  said  they  mistook 
Henry  for  Prince  Edward  (Chron.  de  Lanercost,  p.  91).  Matthew  of  Westminster  agrees  with  the 
preceding  narration,  and  relates  that  the  event  was  commemorated  by  a  painting  on  the  wall  of  the 
church,  executed  at  the  expense  of  the  citizens  of  Viterbo  (p.  401).    According  to  the  same  writer 

and  Walsingham,  the  church  was  dedicated  to  St.  Silvester,  not  St.  Lawrence.  (Ibid Walsin-'ham 

p.  44.)  It  should  be  obsenred,  however,  that  M.  Paris  (p.  859),  the  Chronicle  of  Lanercost  fp.  91), 
and  Walsingham  (p.  44),  mention  Guy  only,  as  the  perpetrator  of  the  crime. 

1  M.  Paris,  857.  M.  of  Westminster  tells  us  that  Simon  died  in  the  same  year,  1 27 1,  in  a  castle  near 
Sienna ;  p.  401 .  On  the  other  hand,  the  Annals  of  Dunstable  say  that  he  and  his  brother  Richard 
died  in  France :  ii.  419.    Guy  married  in  Italy.  -SeeDugdale. 


xxvu 

Henry  the  Third  and  Prince  Edward,  of  Richard,  Bang  of  the  Romans  and 
his  two  sons,  Henry  and  Edmund,  the  former  of  whom  was  called  Henry  of 
Germany.  At  the  close  of  the  year  1264,  Prince  Edward  was  imprisoned 
in  Wallingford  Castle.'  Bearing  in  mind  these  facts  we  shall  now  proceed  to 
trace  the  movements,  and,  as  far  as  possible,  the  actions,  of  the  Comitess 
during  the  year  1265. 

On  the  19th  of  February  we  find  her  at  Wallingford.  On  the  20th  she 
moved  to  Reading,  accompanied,  among  others,  by  her  youngest  son  Richard 
de  Montfort;  and  on  the  22nd  arrived  at  Odiham  Castle,^  where  she 
remained  until  the  1st  of  June, 

On  the  17th  of  March,  Prince  Edward  and  Henry  of  Germany  came 
from  Wallingford  to  Odiham,  in  the  company,  or  rather  custody  of  Henry 
de  Montfort.^  They  seem  to  have  repaired  thither  to  await  the  coming  of 
the  Earl  of  Leicester,  who  was  expected,  and  arrived  on  the  19th.^  Their 
retinue  was  considerable,  for  the  number  of  horses  in  the  castle  stables  was 
increased,  by  their  coming,  from  44  to  172;  and  after  the  Earl  reached 
Odiham  the  number  rose  from  172  to  334.' 

The  Earl  stayed  a  fortnight  with  his  wife ;  leaving  on  Wednesday  the  1st 
of  April.^ 

'  M.  Paris.  "  pp.  3-4.  '  p.  13. 

'  These  facts  corroborate  in  some  degree,  the  remark  with  which  the  continuator  of  Matthew  Pans 
begins  the  year  1265. — "  Comes  autem  Simon  Regem  Angliae,  et  Jilium  ejus  Edwardum  eductum  u 
IValingfordia,  secum  tam  anno  prseterito  quam  pKesenti  circumduxit."  His  statement,  however, 
that  the  King  of  the  Romans  was  imprisoned  in  the  Tower  of  London,  and  that  Prince  Edward  and 
Henry  of  Germany  were  sent  to  Dover  Castle,  is  entirely  disproved  by  the  roll ;  which  shews  that 
the  King  was  confined  at  Kenilworth ;  and  if  Edward  was  at  Dover,  at  all,  in  12C5,  it  could  only  have 
been  for  a  few  days,  as  he  was  at  Odiham  till  the  1st  of  April,  and  escaped  from  Hereford,  on  the 
28th  of  May.  It  is  possible  that  Henry  of  Germany  may  have  remained  with  the  Countess  for  a 
short  time  after  the  departure  of  the  Earl,  as  we  find  an  item  for  the  food  of  his  hounds,  besides 
payments  to  his  huntsmen  (pp.  15-32-36-40),  but  they  left  Odiham  for  Woodstock  on  the  30th  of 
May. 

'  p.  14.  s  p.  15. 


XXVUl 


Among  the  guests  entertained  by  the  Countess  during  her  residence  at 
Odiham,  were  the  Abbot  of  Waverley,*  who  visited  her  on  the  24th  of 
February,  and  again  on  the  25th  of  April;  some  of  the  Nuns  of  Wintney, 
Master  Nicholas  a  physician,  the  Prioress  of  Wintney,  Robert  de  Brus,  Sir 
Thomas  Astley,  a  Warwickshire  knight,  the  Prioress  of  Amesbury,  the 
Countess  of  Oxford,  and  her  son  Amauri  de  Montfort,  Treasurer  of  York, 
who  came  with  13  horses.  On  the  14th  of  April,  the  Countess  fed  eight 
hundred  paupers,  who  consumed,  inter  alia,  three  quarters  of  bread  and  a  tun 
of  cider.^ 

At  this  time,  and  indeed  for  long  afterwards,  Richard,  King  of  the  Romans, 
was  in  confinement  at  KenUworth  castle,  whither  the  Countess  sent  to  him, 
on  the  30th  of  March,  dates  and  spicery;'  on  the  3rd  of  May,  her  tailor 
purchased  for  him,  at  London,*  twelve  ells  of  scarlet  cloth  for  his  robes 
against  the  feast  of  Whitsuntide ;  and  six  eUs  and  a  half  of  rayed  cloth,  dyed 
in  grain,  for  his  son  Edmund,  for  whom,  also,  were  bought  nine  eUs  of 
rayed  cloth  of  Paris,  to  make  a  smnmer  robe,  tunic  and  cloak.  The  tailor 
purchased  besides  the  above,  four  satin  hoods  for  the  King  and  his  son ; 
one  fur  and  a  half,  and  a  hood  of  miniver ;  the  King  had  the  hood.  These 
articles  were  dispatched  to  Kenilworth  on  the  9th  of  May.' 

Among  the  items  of  the  Countess's  miscellaneous  expenditure,  while  at 
Odiham,  may  be  noted  a  payment  of  10.«.  to  the  nvms  of  Wintney,'  for 
working  a  cape  for  her  chaplain ;  and  the  purchase  at  London  of  laurel-oil.^ 
One  of  the  damsels,  perhaps  Eleanor  de  Moutfort  herself,  being  unwell,  a 
barber  is  brought  from  Reading  to  bleed  her.^  Master  Roger,  Prince 
Edward's  barber,  had  his  biU,  or  the  arrears  of  his  salary,- paid,  amounting  to 
13.S.  \.d? 


'  The  Countess  of  Leicester  was  a  great  patroness  of  the  monks  of  Waverley, — "  domus  nostrse 
sincerissima  amatrix." — She  visited  the  abbey,  by  special  indulgence,  in  1245.  Ann.  'Waverl.,  Gale, 
ii.  206. 

*p.20.  =p.  23.  ■'pp.  25-6.  »p.  31.  »  p.  18.  '  p.  24. 

'  P'  31.  '  lb.  He  received  a  payment  of  6(i.  at  Wallingford  ;  p.  9. 


The  movements  of  the  Earl  of  Leicester  during  the  early  months  of  the 
year  1265,  are  very  indistinctly  related  by  the  continuator  of  Matthew 
Paris,'  We  have  already  seen  that  he  was  at  Odihara  from  the  19th  of 
March  to  the  1st  of  April;  from  two  payments  to  couriers  sent  to  him  with 
letters,  it  appears  that  the  Countess  believed  him  to  be  at  Gloucester,  on  the 
30th  of  April,  and  at  Hereford,  on  the  29th  of  May.''  It  was  in  the  evening 
of  the  28th  of  May  that  Prince  Edward  escaped  from  his  custody  at  Hereford.' 
On  the  1st  of  June,  by  which  time  the  news  of  that  important  event  might 
have  reached  her,  the  Countess  left  Odiham,  and  travelled*  during  the  night 
to  Porchester,  under  the  guidance  of  Dobbe  her  parker,  or  shepherd.' 

Her  retreat  to  Porchester  was  probably  induced  by  its  being  a  stronger 
place,  and,  at  the  same  time,  garrisoned  by  her  son  Simon.^  The  Countess 
could  not  but  have  foreseen  that  the  escape  of  the  Prince  would  produce 
important  consequences,  to  meet  which  she  endeavoured  to  make  due 
preparation. 

At  Porchester  the  Countess  remained  until  the  12th  of  June,  and  then 
proceeded  to  Bramber  Castle,  by  way  of  Chichester,  where  she  dined. '  From 
thence  to  Wilmington  on  the  13th;  to  Winchelsea,  through  Battle,^  on 
Sunday  the  I4th,°  and  arrived  at  Dover  on  the  following  Monday."  Her 
journey  from  Porchester  to  Dover  seems  to  have  been  made  in  great  haste. 
Many  horses  and  carts  were  borrowed  and  hired  for  the  carriage  of  her 
attendants  and  luggage.  Among  others  the  Countess  of  Arundel  lent  a 
chariot  and  five  horses ;  the  Prior  of  Tichfield  sent  a  hackney  which  was 

■>  pp.  854-5.  '  pp.  24,  32. 

'  "  Die  Jovis  in  ebdomada  Pentecostes,  circa  horam  vespertinam,  a  militum  comitiva  quos  secum 
ad  apaciandutn  extra  Herefordiam  duxerat,  cum  duobus  militibus  et  quatuor  scutiferis  propositi  sui 
consciis,  apreto  consilio  nostro,  &c.  subito  et  ex  inopinato  recessit:"  Claus.  49  Hen.  3,  m.  4  in  dorse. 
"Whitsunday  fell  on  the  24th  of  May.  This  is  authentic  evidence  of  the  date  of  the  event,  but  the 
continuator  of  M.  Paris,  who  speaks  almost  in  the  words  of  the  record,  says  it  took  place  "  in  vigilia 
Trinitatis;"  p.  855. 

*  p.  42.  '  p.  33.  '  See  p.  42,  note  1. 

7  p.  47.  '  p.  48.  '  p.  47.  ">  p.  48. 


XXX 


ridden  by  a  damsel,  and  a  horse  belonging  to  the  Prior  of  Southwick  carried 
Hicqe  the  Countess's  tailor.'  Her  retinue  altogether  required  84  horses, 
that  being  the  number  provided  for  at  Bramber,^  and  besides  this  a  portion 
of  her  baggage,  or  "  harness/'  was  sent  round  by  sea  to  Dover,  the  hire  of 
the  boat  costing  'Js.  Jd.^ 

At  Dover  the  Countess,  and  her  women,  were  lodged  in  the  castle  :*  the 
rest  of  the  household  appears  to  have  been  quartered  in  the  town.  She  was 
now  in  a  secure  position.  Her  son  Henry  was  constable  of  Dover,  and 
Warden  of  the  Cinque  Ports  ;'  and  although  at  this  time  he  was  absent  from 
his  charge,  the  castle  was  garrisoned  by  the  Leicester  faction.  She  had  the 
command  of  the  sea,  and,  should  the  course  of  events  require  it,  could  escape 
from  the  country  with  speed  and  safety.  In  her  journey  along  the  coast  the 
Countess  had  not  omitted  to  endeavour  to  secure  the  fidelity  of  the  Cinque 
Ports.  During  her  short  stay  at  Winchelsea,  on  Sunday  the  14th,  she  gave 
a  dinner  to  the  Burgesses,  at  which  two  oxen  and  thirteen  sheep  were  eaten, 
besides  a  due  proportion  of  other  fare.'  Some  idea  may  be  formed  of  the 
number  of  the  guests,  when  it  is  found  that  provision  was  made  for  195 
horses ;  the  number  in  her  own  train  being  only  84 ;  the  other  111  appear 
to  have  belonged  to  the  retinue  of  her  son  Simon,  whom  she  met  at  Wil- 
mington and  who  escorted  her  from  thence  to  Dover. 

On  Wednesday,  the  1 7th  of  June,  she  entertained  the  Burgesses  of 
Sandwich  ■/  and  on  the  next  Sunday  sent  wine  to  the  ambassadors  of  the 
King  of  France,^  Sir  Drogo  de  Noyon  and  Friar  Boniface ;  and  lodged  and 
rewarded  two  monks  of  Hereford,  who  had,  probably,  brought  the  ambassa- 
dors from  that  town  whither  it  is  beheved  they  had  been  to  see  the  Earl.' 

By  the  latter  end  of  June  the  aspect  of  the  Earl  of  Leicester's  affairs 
became  very  serious.     Prince  Edward,  having  raised  a  large  army,  had  over- 

'  P'  33-  '  P-  47.  =  p.  39.  "  p.  48.  5  See  p.  48,  note  2. 

«  p.  47.       7  p.  50.     8  p.  5)  ;  she  paid  their  passage  baclc  to  France,  on  the  1st  of  August :  p.  65. 

"  lb.  note  2. 


XXXI 

ninthe  counties  of  Hereford,  Worcester,  Salop  and  Chester;  taken  the  town 
of  Gloucester  by  assault ;  and  was  preparing  to  effect  a  junction  with  the 
forces  led  by  the  Earl  of  Gloucester.'  Before  he  could  engage  their  united 
armies  the  Earl  required  to  be  reinforced :  and,  on  the  24th  of  June,  Simon 
de  Montfort,  jun.,  marched  from  Porchester  ^  to  Tunbridge '  on  his  way  to 
join  his  father,  whom,  it  appears  probable,  he  had  agreed  to  meet  at  Kenil- 
worth  Castle.  On  this  emergency  the  household  of  the  Countess  suppUed 
him  with  nine  horses,  four  of  which  belonged  respectively,  to  her  cook,  clerk, 
butler,  and  farrier.*  The  roll  shews  that  Simon  passed  through  London,'  on 
his  road  to  Warwickshire,  with  the  double  object,  perhaps,  of  confirming  the 
citizens  in  their  rebellion,  and  of  gathering  recruits  among  them  ;  on  the  8th 
of  July  the  Countess  sent  Sir  Fulk  Constable  and  others  who  had  recently 
joined  her  at  Dover,  together  with  Master  WilUam  an  engineer,  to  join  him 
at  the  capital.     They  received  20s.  for  their  expenses.* 

It  is  well  known  that  Leicester  never  received  this  expected  aid.  Edward, 
who  had  notice  of  their  march  to  KenUworth,  joined  the  Earl  of  Gloucester ; 
left  Worcester,  on  the  evening  of  the  1st  or  2nd  of  August,  and  surprising 
them  while  asleep  in  their  camp  without  the  walls  of  the  castle,  slew  a  great 
number,  and  captured  the  earl  of  Oxford,  with  other  persons  of  note.  Simon 
with  the  remnant  of  his  followers  barely  succeeded  in  retreating  into  the 
fortress.^  From  KenUworth  the  Prince  returned  to  Worcester;  and  the 
position  he  subsequently  occupied  with  his  allies,  effectually  prevented  the 
Earl  from  joining  his  son,  and  the  son  from  marching  to  the  assistance  of  his 
father.  Under  this  disadvantage  Leicester  fought  the  battle  of  Evesham,  on 
the  4th  of  August. 

1  M.  Par.  855. 

'  The  Annals  of  Waverley  say  that  he  raised  the  siege  of  Pevensey  for  the  purpose  of  joining  his 
father.     Gale,  ii.  219.  ^  p.  57.  ■*  p-  58. 

»  On  his  march  he  took  and  pillaged  the  city  of  Winchester.  Ann.  Waverl.,  Gale,  ii.  219.  Ac- 
cording to  the  same  authority  he  marched  from  Winchester  to  Oxford.  "  p.  57. 

'  M.  Par.,  855 :  he  represents  Simon  as  being  already  in  the  castle  when  the  attack  was  made ; 
but  the  account  given  above  is  supported  by  the  authority  of  the  chronicle  in  the  MS.  entitled, 
"  Liber  de  Antiquis  Legibus,"  before  quoted. 


XXXll 


We  now  return  to  the  Countess,  at  Dover.  On  Sunday,  the  12th  of  July, 
some  of  the  Burgesses  of  Sandwich  and  Winchelsea  dined  with  her.'  The 
men  of  the  latter  place  were  again  entertained  on  the  30th. 

On  the  1st  of  August,  she  sent  a  messenger  to  the  Earl,  and  paid  the 
freight  of  a  ship  which  brought  an  engine,  probably,  a  mangonel,  firom 
Pevensey  to  Dover  j^  a  sign  that  she  was  providing  for  the  defence  of  the 
place.  On  the  12th,  Richard  de  Montfort  came  by  sea  from  Winchelsea,  in 
a  ship  with  a  crew  of  about  one  hundred  sailors,  for  which  100s.  were  paid.^ 

We  now  meet  with  items  which  point  to  the  end  of  this  eventful  story. 
On  the  15  th  of  August,  a  letter  is  brought  to  the  Countess  from  Prince 
Edward  ;*  it  would  be  assuming  too  much  to  suppose  it  was  the  first  notifi- 
cation she  received  of  her  husband's  fate ;  the  news  must  have  reached  Dover 
much  sooner  through  those  who  escaped  the  slaughter  of  the  fight.'  How- 
ever, on  the  19th  of  August,  she  makes  an  offering  of  12s.  9d.  for  the  repose 
of  his  soul,^  and  on  the  3d  of  September,  a  further  sum  of  7*-''  is  given  for 
the  same  object.  There  is  also  a  payment,  without  a  precise  date,  for  12  eUs 
of  black  say  for  a  robe  and  nether  garments  for  Richard  de  Montfort.^ 

The  daily  account  of  the  household  expenditure  ends  on  the  29th  of 
August,'  at  which  time  the  Countess  seems  to  have  experienced  a  scarcity  of 
provisions  at  Dover,  as  during  the  last  week  certain  oxen  and  sheep  were 
procured  by  foraging.'" 

The  misceUarieous  expenditure,  however,  yields  glimpses  of  her  proceed- 
ings until  the  end  of  September ;  and  aifords  a  remarkable  confirmation  of 
the  general  truth  of  the  fact  mentioned  in  Henry's  letter  to  the  King  of 

'  p.  62.  "  p.  65.  a  p.  66. 

'  p.  67 ;  "  circa  Assumptionem." 

*  There  Is  a  payment  to  a  person  returning  to  Simon  de  Montfort,  tiien  at  Kenilworth,  dated  the 
14th  of  August :  p.  66.  «  p.  67.  ?  p.  68. 

'  p.  6b.  "  Pro  roba  et  huscia;"  the  last  word  is  presumed  to  mean  "long  hosen." 
'  P-  84.  '»  p.  84 ;  "  j.  boa  dimid.,  et  iij.  multones,  de  prseda.'^ 


XXXIU 

France,  which  is  given  in  the  Appendix,  No.  III.,'  viz.  that  the  Countess 
sent  her  sons  Amauri  and  Richard  to  France  with  a  large  sum  of  money, 
1 1 ,000  marks.  We  have  no  mention  of  Amauri,  but  on  the  13th  of  Septem- 
ber, there  are  purchases  of  shoes  of  cow-hide,  russet  boots,  and  other  articles 
of  dress  for  Richard  de  Montfort;  and  on  the  I8th  of  September,  26s.  8d. 
were  paid  for  his  passage  to  Gravelines.^  His  destination  was  Bigorre; 
whither  he  was  preceded  by  Peter  de  ViQeneuve  and  Amald  de  St.  Crist  who 
had  not  long  before  arrived  in  England,*  probably  with  letters  to  the  Coun- 
tess, from  her  kinsman  Eskivat,^  Count  of  that  district  of  France. 

On  the  29th  of  August,  the  Countess  discharged  Master  William  the 
engineer,"  a  circumstance  which  leads  to  the  beUef,  that  she  had  abandoned 
all  notion  of  defending  Dover  Castle :  but  from  messengers  being  sent  to 
Kenilworth  on  the  2nd  of  September^  and  1  st  of  October^  it  may  be  pre- 
sumed she  took  a  great  interest  in  the  preservation  of  that  stronghold,  which 
was  now  the  rallying  point  of  the  scattered  adherents  of  her  late  husband. 
When  the  garrison  were  summoned  to  surrender  to  the  King  in  the  early 
part  of  the  year,  12G6,  they  repUed  they  had  received  the  custody  of  the 
castle  from  the  Countess  of  Leicester,  "  lately  driven  from  the  kingdom, 
and  that  they  would  not  treat  with  any  living  person  for  the  surrender  of  it, 
excepting  the  Countess  herself  were  present."*  Accordingly  they  defended 
the  place  for  six  months,  when,  their  stock  of  provisions  being  exhausted, 
they  cfvpitulated,  on  the  21st  of  December.' 

The  latest  date  mentioned  in  the  roU  is  the  1st  of  October,  in  which  month 
it  is  believed  the  Countess  of  Leicester  withdrew  from  England.  The  con- 
tinuator  of  Matthew  Paris  says  she  left  the  country  soon  after  the  battle  of 
Evesham.'" 

»  p.  83.  '  pp.  74,  75.  '  pp.  67,  74. 

<  He  was  the  grandson  of  Petronilla,  Countess  of  Bigorre,  who  married  Guy  de  Montfort,  the  Earl 
of  Leicester's  brother.    See  p.  74,  note  5. 

»  p.  67.  '  p.  67.  '  p.  75.  »  M.  Par.  857. 

•  Chron.  de  Lanercost,  p.  82  ;  according  to  which  the  siege  commenced  on  the  25th  of  June. 
'"  "  Uxor  vero  comitis  libera  cum  tota  supellectile  sua,  ducatu  Edwardi,  natale  solum  petiit,  nulla- 

f 


XXXIV 

Such  are  the  remarkable  points  in  the  history  of  the  Countess  of  Leicester 
and  her  family,  during  the  year  1265,  as  developed  by  her  Household  Roll. 
Much  minuter  detail  is  necessarily  left  to  be  gleaned  by  the  curious  anti- 
quary; as  an  attempt  to  weave  the  less  important  facts  into  a  narrative 
form,  would  have  extended  this  notice  beyond  all  reasonable  limits. 

"  After  leaving  England,  the  Countess  took  up  her  residence  in  the  Domin- 
ican convent  at  Montargis,  which  had  been  founded  by  one  of  her  husband's 
sisters.'  In  1266  St.  Louis  of  France  attempted  to  effect  either  a  reconciliation 
between  Eleanor  and  her  brother  Henry,  or  to  procure  the  restitution  of  her 
confiscated  estates.  Henry's  reply  is  printed  in  the  Appendix,^  after  advert- 
ing in  strong  language  to  the  injuries  he  had  suffered  from  the  Earl  of 
Leicester  and  his  sons,  as  well  as  from  the  Countess,  he  agrees  to  abide  by 
any  decision,  which,  after  due  consideration  of  the  case,  Louis  might  arrive 
at.  It  does  not  appear  that  any  arrangement  was  made  during  the  short 
time  that  Henry  the  Third  survived  his  sister's  banishment.  However  in 
1273,  her  nephew  Edward  the  First,  restored  the  lands  which  she  had  held 
in  dower  from  the  Earl  of  Pembroke,  her  first  husband.^  She  died  in 
1274.^ 

A.mauri  de  Montfort  who  was  deprived  of  his  ofiice  of  Treasurer  of  York 
three  days  after  the  battle  of  Evesham,*  accompanied  his  mother  to  France, 
together  with  his  sister  Eleanor,  who  had  been  contracted,  during  her  father's 
life  time,  to  Llewellyn,  Prince  of  Wales.^  In  1276  she  embarked  under  the 
protection  of  Amauri  to  join  her  intended  husband,  but  was  captured  near 


tenus  reversura."  Her  native  country  was  England,  for  "  petiit,"  therefore  we  should  read  reliquit. 
M.  Par.  856. 

'  Walsingham,  p.  47.  ^  no.  V.  p.  89.  a  Ann.  de  Dunstaple,  ii.,  419. 

*  Ibid.,  429.  The  correctness  of  this  date  is  guaranteed  by  an  event  of  local  interest  mentioned 
by  the  Dunstable  Annalist ;  after  noticing  the  death  of  the  Countess  he  observes  that  the  neighbouring 
manor  of  Luton,  which  was  a  part  of  her  dower,  reverted  to  the  heirs  of  the  Mareschal  family. 

^  Appendix,  No.  I.,  p.  87. 

«  Walsingham,  p.  47.  The  Annals  of  Dunstable  say  that  Llewellyn  married  her  by  proxy  in  1275. 
ii.,  431. 


XXXV 


the  Scilly  Islands,'  by  four  ships  belonging  to  the  port  of  Bristol.*  Their 
captors  sent  them  to  Edward,  who  placed  Eleanor  in  the  family  of  his  Queen, 
and  imprisoned  Amauri,  first  at  Corfe,  and  afterwards  at  Sherborne  Castle.' 

The  King's  motive  for  treating  him  thus  severely  was  that  he  believed  him 
to  have  been  an  accomphce  of  his  brothers  Guy  and  Simon  in  the  murder 
of  Henry  of  Germany.''  There  is  every  reason  to  believe  that  Amauri  was 
in  Italy  about  that  time,  as  the  Bishop  of  Chichester  on  his  return  from 
Rome  (whither  he  had  been  sent  by  the  Legate  to  answer  to  the  Pope  for 
his  adherence  to  the  Earl  of  Leicester)  received  him  into  his  train  with  the 
intention  of  taking  him  to  England.  Edward  was  so  much  irritated  at  this, 
that  he  immediately  took  possession  of  the  Bishop's  barony  and  ordered  an 
armed  galley  to  be  on  the  look  out  to  capture  them  in  crossing  the 
channel."  They  seem  however  to  have  got  scent  of  the  King's  intention,  and 
therefore  stopped  short  at  Paris,  upon  which  Edward  dispatched  an  emissary 
thither  for  the  purpose  of  luring  them  into  his  hands,  a  plan  which  failed  of 
success.' 

In  1279  Edward  married  Eleanor  to  Llewellyn  with  great  pomp,  paying  the 
expenses  of  the  ceremony.''  Amauri  was  set  at  liberty  in  1280,'*  at  the  inter- 
cession of  Pope  Martin  IV.,  or,  according  to  others,  of  Peckham,  Archbishop 
of  Canterbury.  He  was  one  of  the  executors  of  his  mother's  will,  some  pro- 
ceedings respecting  which  are  noticed  in  the  Appendix.'  After  his  liberation 
he  repaired  to  Rome,  obtained  a  remission  of  his  vows  as  an  ecclesiastic,'"  and 


'  Lei.  Coll.,  i.,  246,— ii.,  306.  '  Walsingham,  p.  47. 

'  Walsingham,  p.  47.  '  Th.  Wikes,  Gale,  li.  94. 

*  Liber  de  Antiquis  Legibus  :  MS.  Harl.  690. 
'  Rot.  Pip.  2  Edward  I.  In  the  account  of  the  Constable  of  Dover  Castle  are  the  following  items 
— "To  Robert  Mundekin  and  Salekin  Limeric  of  Sandwich,  for  repairing  the  king's  galUy  and 
sending  it  to  guard  the  sea  coast  against  the  coming  of  the  Bishop  of  Chichester  and  Amauri  de 
Montfort,  and  their  accomplices,  xxvj.s.  viij.d.  And  to  Richard  Spainel,  a  Serjeant  of  the  aforesaid 
castle,  going  to  Paris  to  lay  a  snare  (ad  iniidiandumj  for  the  aforesaid  Bishop  and  Amauri,  xx.  s."  &c. 
'  Ibid.,  p.  48.  Lei,  Coll.,  i.,  173-8.  »  Ann.  de  Dunstaple,  ii.,  420. 

»  Nos.  VI.-VII.-VIII.,  pp.  90-2.  "  Lei.  Coll.,  i.,  173-8. 


XXXVl 


was  afterwards  knighted.     It  has  been  ahready  mentioned  that  Richard  de 
Montfort  went  to  Bigorrej  nothing  certain  is  known  of  his  after  career.  ^ 

We  have  nOw  to  consider  the  household  roU  of  the  Countess  of  Leicester 
in  relation  to  the  domestic  economy  of  her  age ;  in  doing  this  it  will  be 
desirable  to  throw  together  some  general  observations  upon  the  private  life 
of  the  English  during  the  thirteenth  century. 

The  first  item  which  occurs  in  the  daily  accounts  of  provisions  consumed 
in  the  family  is  bread.  It  is  apprehended,  however,  that  grain  or  flour  was 
designated  by  the  general  term  "panis."  We  ^cidpanis  taken  out  of  store, 
purchased,  or  sent  by  the  reeves  of  the  Countess's  manors ;  and  the  quantity 
is  measured  by  the  quarter  or  bushel.  The  words  "panis  defroille,"  which 
frequently  occur,  probably  signified  ground  corn  ;  that  is  supposing  "froille" 
to  be  a  derivative  of  the  old  French  \&Tax,  froyer,  to  break  or  crush." 

It  would  appear  that  bread  of  difiierent  degrees  of  fineness  was  used ;  thus 
there  is  "  bread  purchased  for  the  Countess,"^  and  "  bread  for  the  kitchen." 
Loaves  or  cakes  made  of  bolted  flour,  and  called  "  boletella,"  are  twice  men- 
tioned,'' as  well  as  "  gastelli,"  cakes  or  wastels,  perhaps  biscuits ; '  on  one 
occasion  half  a  quarter  of  flour  is  set  down  for  pastry.*  It  is  reasonable 
to  infer  that  the  bread  generally  used  in  the  family  was  made  of  the 
grain  called  mystelon,  a  term  yet  in  use  at  the  beginning  of  the  sixteenth 
century,  and  applied  to  a  mixture  of  wheat  and  rye.^    As  the  dogs  were  fed 


'  He  is  said  to  have  eventually  settled  in  England  under  the  assumed  name  of  Wellysbome ;  an 
assertion  founded  upon  tvf o  or  three  deeds  of  very  doubtful  authenticity ;  see  extracts  from  them  in 
the  "  History  and  Antiquities  of  Leicester,"  vol.  1,  pt.  ii.  App.  p.  39. 

'  It  is  possible,  though  we  do  not  think  it  probable,  that  "  panis  de  froille"  or  "  froyle,"  meant 
grain  brought  from  the  village  of  Froyle,  in  Hampshire.     See  p.  41,  first  lines  of  the  last  paragraph. 

»  pp.  .52,  53,  61,  70,  78,  83. 

*  pp.  16,  84.    In  Northumberland  it  is  called  bouted  bread,  and  much  esteemed. 

'  P-  77.  ^  "  Panis  pro  pastillis,  dimid.  quart."  p.  53. 

'  In  the  north  of  England  it  is  now  named  maslin ;  its  price  is  regularly  quoted  in  the  return  of 
the  Hexham  market.    Tusser  speaks  of  it  in  terms  of  praise. 


xxxvu 

with  corn '  it  may  be  concluded  that  the  servants  fared  no  worse ;  at  any 
rate  there  is  no  distinct  notice  of  bread  made  of  barley,  oats,  or  the  more 
inferior  grain  which  were  commonly  used  in  France  and  other  countries.^  It 
is  not  clear  that  their  bread  was  leavened  with  yeast  as  that  article  occurs  but 
once,'  and  then  in  connection  with  malt. 

The  price  of  the  quarter  of  wheat  or  rye,  varied  from  5s.  to  5s.  Sd. ;  of 
oats  from  2s.  to  2s.  4d.;*  twenty-five  quarters  however  were  bought  at  Sand- 
wich, at  Is.  lOd,^  When  grain  was  brought  from  the  Countess's  manors, 
some  of  the  prices  were  rather  below  the  average.  The  bailiff  of  Chalton 
was  allowed  5s.  the  quarter  for  wheat,  4s.  for  barley,  and  2s.  4d.  for  oats; " 
the  bailiff  of  Brabome  had  4s.  4«?.  for  wheat,  and  Is.  3d.  for  oats.' 

The  item  which  follows  bread  is  wine,  of  which  only  two  sorts  are  named 
in  the  early  part  of  the  roll,  red  and  white.  The  wines  drank  in  England 
during  the  thirteenth  century  came  chiefly  from  Guienne ;  others  were  from 
the  vineyards  of  Anjou,  Aucerne  and  Poitou.  Gascon  wine  is  not  specially 
mentioned  until  towards  the  end  of  the  document,  in  August,^  when  that, 
and  the  wine  called  Bastard  became  the  general  drink  of  the  family.  The 
term  Bastard  was  given  to  all  mixed '  and  sweetened  wines ;  an  English 
writer,  however,  who  lived  in  the  early  part  of  the  fifteenth  century,  reckons 
Bastard  among  those  wines  which  were  naturally  sweet,  and,  therefore, 
unwholesome.'"     It  is  called  sweet  wine  in  the  roll.     Little  information  is 

'  p.  15  ;  "  Item  vj.  bus.  frumenti  de  stauro,  pro  canibus." 

'  From  an  account  of  the  bailiff  of  the  royal  manor  of  Marlborough  it  appears  that  the  grains 
generally  cultivated  in  the  thirteenth  century  were  wheat,  "  berecom,"  barley,  "  dragg",  vetch  and 
oats ;  with  beans  and  pease.    Rot.  Pip.  I.  Edw.  1.    (  2aus  Rot.  Comp.  in  dorso.) 

•  p.  41.  ■•  pp.  47—48.  «  p.  52.  "  pp.  48,  50.  '  p.  60.  '  pp.  81-2-3. 

'  Ducange  Gloss.,  sub.  voc.  Vinum.  At  a  somewhat  later  period  a  Corsican  wine  bore  the 
same  name.    "  La  Vie  Priv^e  des  Francois,"  par  Le  Grand  d'Aussy,  torn.  iii.  p.  49.    Ed.  Par.  1815. 

"•  Gilbert  Kymer,  physician  to  Humphrey,  Duke  of  Gloucester;  he  wrote  a  curious  medical  trea- 
tise, entitled  "  Dietarium  de  Sanitatis  custodia ;"  of  which  a  copy,  probably,  by  the  hand  of  the 
historian,  William  of  Worcester,  is  preserved  in  the  Sloane  Collection  of  MSS.,  No.  4. ;  two  extracts 
from  this  valuable,  and  as  yet  unpublished,  work,  were  printed  by  Heame  in  the  Appendix  to  his 
"  Liber  Niger  Scaccarii." 


xxxvm 


given  as  to  the  price  of  wine  :  we  find  that  the  sum  of  9s.  2d.  was  paid  for 
twenty-two  gallons,'  and  that  two  tuns  cost  31.  6s.  8d.^ 

Turning  from  wine  to  beer,  it  may  be  remarked  that  in  the  thirteenth 
century  the  English  had  no  certain  principle  as  to  the  grain  best  suited  foi* 
brewing.  The  roll  shews  that  beer  was  made  indiscriminately  of  barley, 
wheat,  and  bats,  and  sometimes  of  a  mixture  of  all.'  As  the  hop  was  not 
used  we  may  conjecture  that  the  produce  of  their  brewing  was  rather  insipid 
and  not  calculated  for  long  keeping :  it  was  drank  as  soon  as  made.  To 
remove  the  mawkish  flatness  of  such  beer  it  was  customary  to  flavour  it  with 
spices  and  other  strong  ingredients ;  long  pepper  continued  to  be  used  for 
this  purpose  some  time  after  the  introduction  of  hops.*  The  period  at  which 
the  last-named  plant  became  an  ingredient  of  EngUsh  beer  is  not  precisely 
known.  It  was  cultivated  from  a  very  early  date  in  Flanders  and  Belgium, 
where  it  was  both  employed  in  brewing,  and  eaten  in  salads ; '  and  from  those 
countries  it  was  imported  into  England  while  the  produce  of  our  own  hop- 
grounds  was  inconsiderable.  It  would  appear,  however,  that  hops  were 
used  in  this  country  for  brewing,  in  the  beginning  of  the  fifteenth  century, 
as  Gilbert  Kymer  in  his  "  Dietary,"  pronounces  beer  brewed  from  barley, 
well  hopped  {bene  lupulata,)  of  middling  strength,  thin  and  clear,  well  fined, 
well  boiled,  and  neither  too  new  nor  too  old,  to  be  a  sound  and  wholesome 
beverage.^  It  is  pretty  certain,  nevertheless,  that  in  his  time  the  hop  was 
not  grown  in  England.'' 

'  pp.  49,  50;  the  sextary  of  wine  contained  four  English  gallons.    Fleta,  lib.  2,  cap.  ii. 

2  p.  49. 

'  Le  Grand  d'Aussy  has  some  curious  information  upon  the  early  history  of  brewing  in  France 
which  shews  the  French  method  to  have  been  analogous  to  the  English ;  excepting  that  the  former 
sometimes  used,  vetch,  lentils,  and  even  ray  or  darnel.    La  Vie  Priv6e,  &c.  pp.  350-1. 

*  See  Harrison's  "  Description  of  England,"  in  the  first  volume  of  "  Holinshed's  Chronicles ;" 
cap.  vi.  Fuller  imagined  that  in  ancient  times  ("  before  hops  was  found  out")  they  had  a  preserva- 
tive to  make  beer  keep ;  the  loss  of  which  he  laments.    "  Worthies  of  England,"  i.  p.  252-3. 

*  Le  Grand  d'Aussy,  torn,  i.,  p.  157, — ii.,  pp.  362-3. 
"  MS.  Sloan.,  No.  4,  p.  166. 

f  Harrison  in  his  "  Description  of  Britaine,"  cap.  xviit.,  observes  '■  of  late  yeares  also  we  have 
found  and  taken  up  a  great  trade  in  planting  of  hops,  whereof  &c.  Certes,  the  corruptions  used  by  the 


XXXIX 


In  ancient  days  brewing  was  almost  solely  managed  by  women,'  and  till 
the  close  of  the  fifteenth  century  the  greater  part  of  the  beer  houses  in  Lon- 
don were  kept  by  females  who  brewed  what  they  sold.  It  wiU  be  observed 
that  the  Countess  had  employed  a  breweress  of  Banbury,  whom  she  dis- 
charged on  2nd  of  March,  paying  5s.  for  her  wages  and  Is.  6d.  for  her 
expenses  homewards.^  On  another  occasion  the  brewing  was  performed  at 
the  Maison  Dieu  at  Dover,  the  brethren  or  sisters  of  which,  hke  the  gene- 
rality of  monastic  folk,  were  probably  skilled  in  the  art,  through  long  prac- 
tice in  brewing  for  themselves.     They  had  the  draflf  for  their  pains.^ 

The  quantity  of  beer  consumed  in  the  family  was  very  great.  On  the 
18th  of  April,  they  brewed  five  quarters  of  barley,  and  four  of  oats  :  on  the 
25th  of  the  same  month  they  purchased  188  gallons  of  beer,  and  on  the 
29th  brewed  again,  seven  quarters  of  barley  and  two  of  oats  being  used. 

The  prices  of  the  different  kinds  of  malt  are  not  distinctly  given.  Two 
quarters  of  wheat-malt,  eight  quarters,  two  bushels  of  barley-malt,  and  four 
quarters  of  oat-malt  cost  43*.  d^d.^  At  Odiham  the  sum  of  2s.  3d.  was 
paid  for  malting  twenty-seven  quarters  of  wheat.'  The  cost  of  beer  when 
purchased  varied,  from  something  less  than  a  halfpenny,  to  three  farthings 
per  gallon. 


Flemings,  and  forgerie  dailie  practised  in  this  kind  of  ware,  gave  us  occasion  to  plant  them  here  at 
home :  so  that  now  we  may  spare  and  send  manie  ouer  vnto  them."  He  wrote  in  the  middle  of  the 
xvith  century.  The  brewer  of  Henry  VIII.  in  the  beginning  of  whose  reign,  according  to  Fuller, 
they  were  first  generally  introduced  (Worthies,  i.  337),  was  enjoined  not  to  put  hops  or  brimstone 
into  the  king's  ale.    Archicologia,  vol.  iii.  p.  157. 

'  See  Ducange,  sub  voc.  Brasiatrix. — Ann.  de  Dunstaple,  ii.,  p.  633. 

"  p.  8.  3  p.  58.  ■■  p.  30. 

'  p.  41.  Harrison's  wife  brewed  "three  hoggesheads  of  good  beere"  from  eight  bushels  of 
malt,  half  a  bushel  of  wheat  meal,  and  as  much  of  oatmeal.  "  I  value  my  malt  at  ten  shillings,  my 
wood  at  four  shillings,  which  I  buye,  my  hops  at  twentie  pence,  the  spice  at  two  pence,  seruants" 
wages  two  shillings  six  pence,  with  meat  and  drinke,  and  the  wearing  of  my  vessell  at  twentie 
pence,  so  ■  that  for  my  twentie  shillings  I  haue  ten  score  gallons  of  beere  or  more ;"  &c.  "  The 
Description  of  England,"  cap.  vi. 


xl 

Before  quitting  the  subject  of  fluids  it  may  be  noted  that  cider  is  men- 
tioned once,  but  in  such  a  manner  as  to  convey  the  impression  that  it  was 
not  in  very  great  estimation ;  the  Countess  gave  one  tun  among  eight  hun- 
dred paupers.'  The  little  cider  used  at  this  period  was,  probably,  imported 
from  Normandy. 

As  the  family  consumed  so  much  wine  and  beer  it  is  not  probable  that 
they  dranls  any  very  considerable  quantity  of  water.  That  necessary  article, 
however,  was  sometimes  purchased  for  general  purposes,^  and,  when  not 
actually  bought,  the  necessity  of  bearing  it  from  a  distance,  led  to  a  compa- 
ratively large  expenditure.^ 

Milk,  of  which  a  good  deal  was  used  daily,  ought,  perhaps,  to  be  con- 
sidered under  another  head,  but  for  the  sake  of  convenience  it  is  here 
included  among  other  hquids.  The  minuteness  of  these  details  may  be 
shghtly  relieved  by  giving  Master  Gilbert  K}Tner's  estimate  of  the  compara- 
tive value  of  the  several  varieties  of  it :  "  lac  vero  mulierum  est  optimum 
genus  lactis,  deinde  azinarum,  deinde  caprinum,  deinde  cameUinum,  deinde 
equarum,  deinde  vaccinum,  de  hinc  ovinum."*  Although  cow's  milk  stands 
fifth  in  his  list  we  may  safely  assert  that  it  satisfied  our  ancestors  as  well  in 
the  thirteenth  as  in  the  fifteenth  century.  Cream  and  butter  were  occa- 
sionally purchased,  but  not  in  very  large  quantities.'  It  is  possible  that  both 
were  scarce.  Cheese  is  mentioned  rather  frequently,  but  it  seems  to  have 
been  oftener  cooked  than  eaten  raw ;  the  favourite  method  of  preparing  it  for 

'  p.  20. 

'  "  Aqua  pro  coquina,  iij.  d." — "  Aqua  per  septimanam,  vij.  d."  p.  79. — See  also  pp.  48,  52, 
53,62.  The  mention  of  water  suggests  the  subject  of  ablution,  and  we  are  certainly  warranted  in 
doubting  the  cleanliness  of  the  Countess,  when  it  is  seen  that  her  washing  bill  from  Christmas  to  the 
end  of  May  amounted  to  15d.  only  (p.  41.).  It  should  be  observed,  however  that,  as  some  of  her 
under  garments  were  made  of  prepared  sheepskin,  they  were,  probably,  cleansed  in  another  way. 
The  expression  is,  "  cruralia  Comitisss;''  p.  10. 

■'  p.  72.    "  In  aqua  deferenda  de  villa  (Dover)  per  quindenam,  ad  opus  Comitissse,  xiiij.d."  p.  83. 

•*  MS.  Sloan.,  No.  4.,  p.  161.  Harrison  mentions  a  similar  opinion  as  prevailing  among  the 
learned  in  his  time.     "  Description  of  England ;"  cap.  vi.  '  pp,  26,60. 


xli 

table  was  in  the  shape  of  tarts ;  "  casd  pro  tartia."^  Kymer  believed  that 
cheese  taken  after  dinner  acted,  "  tamquam  ciborum  oppressor,'^  but  adds 
this  salutary  caution  ;  "  modicum  tamen  quia  durae  est  digestionis,  et  melan- 
coliam  multiplicat."^  A  poise  of  cheeses  contained  sixteen,  and  cost  8*.,^  but 
we  have  no  knowledge  of  the  precise  weight  of  the  poise. 

The  reader  of  the  roll  wiU  not  fail  to  observe  the  strictness  with  which 
Lent  was  observed,  as  well  as  the  general  abstinence  from  flesh  meat  on 
Wednesdays,  Fridays  and  Saturdays,  a  subject  which  naturally  leads  to  some 
enquiry  respecting  the  fish  most  in  repute  during  the  century  to  which  the 
document  belongs. 

The  distinguishing  peculiarity  not  only  of  Enghsh  but  of  European  taste 
in  food,  during  the  middle  ages,  was  a  predilection  for  strong,  and,  in  some 
cases,  for  coarse  flavours.  To  what  other  cause  can  we  ascribe  the  appear- 
ance of  the  flesh  of  the  whale,  grampus,  porpoise,  sea-calf,  sea-wolf  and  other 
such  fish,  at  the  tables  of  sovereigns  and  people  of  rank,  by  whom  they 
were  considered  delicacies  ? 

The  practice  of  eating  the  whale  and  grampus  may  be  traced,  in  England, 
to  the  Saxon  sera.  In  the  law  made  by  King  Ethelred,  which  regulated  the 
tolls  to  be  levied  at  Billingsgate,  the  men  of  Rouen  who  came  "  cum  vino 
vel  craspice,"  are  mentioned;  under  the  term  "  craspiscis,"  were  com- 
prised the  whale  and  other  blubber  fish.  As  the  twentieth  piece  of  the  fish 
was  to  be  exacted  for  toll,  we  may  infer  that  it  was  imported  either  dried  or 
salted.'' 

The  first  use  of  these  fish  has  been  attributed  to  that  remote  period  when 

'  Brie  cheeses  were  known  in  England  during  this  century.  In  1278  Edward  the  First  sent  his 
tailor,  Adinett,  to  Paris,  to  make  various  purchases ;  inter  alia,  he  bought  "  of  Thomas  le  Gaunter 
one  hundred  cheeses  of  Brie,  for  the  King  and  Queen,  price  35s."  Rot.  Miscell.,  in  Tnrr.  Lond., 
No.  34.  »  MS.  Sloan.,  No.  4,  p.  161.  '  p.  70. 

»  "Ancient  Laws  and  Institutes  of  England;"  by  Thorpe;  fol.  Lond,  1840. — "  De  Institutis 
Lundonie:" — p.  127. 

g 


xlii 

the  herring  and  cod  were  unknown.  However  this  may  have  been  it  is  cer- 
tain that  the  custom  continued  long  after  the  latter  and  better  fish  became 
plentiful  and  cheap.  The  salted  herrings  of  Yarmouth  were  in  great  repute 
during  the  twelfth  century ;  yet,  we  see  that  choice  morsels  of  whale  were 
eaten,  by  way  of  variety,  during  Lent,  and  other  fasting  times,  at  a  period 
when,  in  addition  to  herrings,  salted  cod,  and  hake  or  Poor  John,  had  been 
long  in  general  esteem  as  Lenten  food.  Indeed  it  is  not  quite  certain  that 
these  gross  fish  were  entirely  out  of  vogue  in  the  fifteenth  century ;  for  Kymer 
expressly  denounces  the  flesh  of  the  whale,  sea-calf,  cuttle-fish,  &c.  as  highly 
prejudicial  to  health.'  So  late  as  the  year  1531,  the  porpoise  is  enumerated 
among  the  fish  to  be  served  at  the  table  of  Henry  the  Eighth ;  and  if  one 
fish  should  be  more  than  a  horse  could  bear,  due  allowance  was  to  be  made 
to  the  purveyor  for  the  expense  of  carriage.^ 

Some  notion  may  be  formed  of  the  quantity  of  whale,  &c.  which  was 
eaten  in  England  during  the  thirteenth  century,  when  we  find  Henry  the 
Third,  in  Lent  1246,  ordering  the  Sheriffs  of  London  to  purchase  for  him, 
in  the  city,  100  pieces  of  the  best  whale,  and  two  porpoises  -.^  the  roll  informs 
us  that  two  hundred  pieces,  or  two  cwt.,  were  bought  for  the  Countess  of 
Leicester  and  tlie  King  of  the  Romans,  previously  to  Palm  Stinday,  1265,* 
besides  which  grampus  or  porpoise,  and  sea-wolves,  are  mentioned  several 
times  during  Lent.'     It  is  obvious  that  the  whale  fishery  during  these  times 

1  MS.  Sloan.,  No.  4,  p.  162. 

^  Archseologia,  vol.  iii.,  p.  157.  Two  methods  of  dressing  porpoise  are  described  in  a  cookery  book 
of  the  fifteenth  century,  as  follows : — "  Purmenty  wyth  Purpaysse. — Make  thin  ffurmenty  in  the 
maner  as  I  sayd  before,  save  temper  it  up  wyth  almaunden  mylke,  and  sugre,  and  saffroun.  Than 
take  thin  purpays,  as  a  ffreysshe  samoun,  and  sethe  it  in  fayre  water ;  and  when  he  is  sothe  y  now, 
bawde  it,  and  leche  it  in  fayre  pecys,  and  serve  wyth  ffurmenty  in  bote  water." — ''  Puddyng  of 
Purpaysse. — ^Take  the  blode  of  hym  and  the  grece  of  hym  self,  and  ote  mele,  and  salt,  and  pepir,  and 
gyngere,  and  melle  these  to  gederys  vfel.  And  than  putte  this  in  the  gutte  of  the  purpays,  and  than 
latit  sethe  csyli,  and  not  hard,  a  good  whylis  ;  and  than  take  him  uppe,  and  broyle  hym  a  lytil,  and 
than  serve  forth."     MS.  Harl.  279,  fol.  14.  b.-33  b. 

3  Liberate,  30  Hen.  III.,  m.  17.  There  are  frequent  notices  in  these  records  of  whales  found  on  the 
coast,  the  flesh  of  which  was  sent  in  cart-loads  to  court.    Libl  39  and  40,  Hen.  III.,  m.  12-13. 

^  p.  14  :  they  cost  34s.  '  pp.  5,  8,  13,  14,  16. 


zliii 

must  have  been  far  more  extensive  than  is  supposed,  to  have  furnished  the 
European  markets  with  the  requisite  quantity  of  fish.  It  is  beheved  that 
England  was  supplied  from  Normandy;  the  whale  fishery  was  early,  and 
long,  a  soiu'ce  of  wealth  to  the  towns  on  the  coast  of  that  province.^ 

In  so  large  a  fish  some  parts,  were,  of  course,  more  prized  than  others  ; 
the  tongue  and  a  portion  of  the  tail  were  esteemed  dehcacies ;  and,  if  from 
the  French  fashion  of  cooking  it,  we  may  guess  at  the  English  mode,  the 
flesh  was  either  boiled  with  peas  or  roasted.^ 

It  seems  from  the  following  anecdote  that,  during  Lent,  certain  fish  were 
eaten  on  particular  days,  and  that  the  sea-wolf,  the  modem  name  of  which 
is  not  very  clear,'  was  not  so  large  but  that  it  might  be  served  up  whole. 
It  chanced  that  Richard  de  Clare,  Earl  of  Gloucester,  paid  a  visit  to  Robert 
Grost^te,  Bishop  of  Lincoln,  who  received  him  with  great  honour,  and  com- 
manded his  seneschal  to  prepare  a  dinner  of  more  than  usual  costhness. 
At  table  the  Earl  was  seated  at  the  right  hand  of  his  host,  who  ordered  the 
attendants  to  serve  him  to  every  thing  first.  It  was  one  of  those  fish  days 
when  it  was  customary  to  eat  choice  sea  wolves,  and  the  servants  thinking  to 
please  their  master  placed  a  large  fish  before  the  Bishop  and  a  small  one 
before  the  Earl:  Grost^te,  however,  looked  angrily  at  the  seneschal,  and 
said,  "  take  that  fish  away  from  me,  or  give  one  of  equal  size  to  the  Earl ;" 
upon  this  the  servants  asserted  they  could  not  find  another  so  large ;  "  then," 
said  the  Bishop,  "  set  aside  the  whole  of  this  for  alms,  and  give  me  a  smaller 
one  like  the  rest."  This  proceeding  greatly  surprised  the  Earl  of  Gloucester, 
who,  when  the  repast  was  over,  could  not  reiirain  from  asking  the  Bishop, 
how  he,  a  man  of  humble  birth,  had  acquired  so  much  courtesy.* 

'  Some  curious  particulars  of  the  ancient  whale  fishery  of  France  are  given  by  Le  Grand  d'Aussy, 
"  La  Vie  Privfee,  &c."  tome  ii.  pp.  83-93. 

'  Ibid.,  p.  84. 

'  Possibly  the  dog-fish,  which  abounds  on  the  north-eastern  coast  of  England,  and  is  very  destruc- 
tive to  the  nets  of  the  fishermen.  It  is  also  plentiful  on  the  north  coast  of  France,  where  it  is  eaten 
and  esteemed  good. 

*  Cbron.  de  Lanercost,  p.  44. 


xliv 

The  staple  article  of  food  during  Lent  in  the  household  of  the  Countess, 
was  salted  herring ;  hundreds  of  which  were  consumed  daily.'  Besides  this, 
however,  the  list  of  fish  eaten  by  them  at  different  seasons  of  the  year  is 
far  from  inconsiderable.  We  find  the  names  of  conger,  ling,  cod,  both  fresh 
and  salted,  hake,  sturgeon,  mackerel,  stockfish,  mullets,  bar,  flolmders, 
salmon,  plaice,  sea-breams,  soles  and  dories;  among  sheU-fish  may  be 
enumerated  oysters,  weUcs,  crabs,  and  shrimps ;  and  of  fresh-water  varieties 
the  dart,  eels,  lampreys,^  and  cray-fish. 

Of  these  several  sorts,  besides  the  herring,  cod,  and  hake,  were  either 
dried  or  salted  for  storing ;  such  'as  the  mullet,  mackerel  and  sturgeon.* 
Pickled  salmon  is  not  named  in  the  roU,  although  in  general  demand  at  the 
time,  as  well  as  what  was  called  "  powdered  salmon ;''  the  fish  being  merely 
sprinkled  with  dry  salt.  In  the  document  already  quoted  on  the  subject  of 
whale,  the  sheriffs  are  directed  to  send  the  King  twelve  powdered  salmon, 
and  four  salmon  in  bread.*  It  was  a  very  common. practice  to  bake  or  boil 
fish  in  paste,  either  for  immediate  use,  or  for  the  convenience  of  preser- 
vation and  transport  to  a  distance ;  but  this  method  of  cooking  was  more 
frequently  applied  to  fresh-water  species,  and  in  particular,  to  the  bream  and 
pike  or  lucy.°    The  roU  affords  a  sUght  clue  to  the  manner  of  performing 


•  In  1238  the  Flemish  fishermen  were  so  much  Eilarmed  by  the  news  of  the  invasion  of  Hungary 
by  the  army  of  Okta'i,  the  son  and  successor  of  Genghiz  Khan,  that  they  would  not  venture  over  to 
Yarmouth,  as  was  their  annual  custom.  Their  absence  caused  such  a  glut  in  the  English  market, 
that  four  or  five  hundred  of  the  best  herrings  sold  for  a  shilling.    M.  Paris,  398. 

2  The  best  English  lampreys  were  taken  in  the  Severn.  Those  of  Nantes,  however,  were  con- 
sidered superior.  In  1231  a  ship  freighted  with  these  fish,  for  the  use  of  Henry  the  Third,  was 
wrecked  near  Freshwater,  in  the  Isle  of  Wight ;  whereupon  the  bailiffs  of  the  Island  were  ordered  to 
impanel  a  jury,  to  enquire  what  persons  had  found  the  said  lampreys  "  which  Osbert  Percehaye 
brought  with  him  from  Nantes,"  and  to  cause  them  to  be  given  up  without  delay.  Kot.  Claus.,  15 
Hen.  III.,  m.  16. 

'  A  barrel  of  sturgeon  cost  31s.  ;  p.  14.  ^  Liberate,  30  Hen.  III.  m.  17. 

*  The  following  is  extracted  from  the  Wardrobe  Book  of  the  14th  of  Edward  the  First,  preserved  in 
the  Tower. 

"  To  Reginald  of  the  Salsary,  for  putting  breams  and  lucies  in  bread  for  the  King  and  Queen,  and 
for  live  lucies  bought  to  put  in  the  pond  at  Langley,  by  the  King's  cpmmand,  vj.s.viij.d. 


xlv 

the  operation,  as  eggs  were  required  to  put  two  dories  in  paste;'  but  the 
way  in  which  they  were  applied  must  be  left  to  the  learned  in  cookery  to 
explain." 

The  Earl  of  Leicester  seems  to  have  been  rather  choice  in  reference  to 
fresh-water  fish ;  upon  his  arrival  at  Odiham,  a  man  was  dispatched  to  the 
Bishop  of  Winchester's  ponds  at  Farnham,  where  with  several  assistants  he 
continued  to  fish,  for  eleven  days.^  Some  also,  perhaps  eels,  was  brought 
from  Staines.* 

As  fennel  is  mentioned,'  we  may  infer  that  it  was  already  customary  to 
serve  it  with  fish ;  a  fashion  said  to  have  been  borrowed  from  the  Florentines. 
Kymer  recommended  that  all  fish  should  be  dressed  with  fennel,  mint,  and 
parsley.*  He  remarks  also,  that  in  his  time  some  persons  considered  salmon 
and  trout  unwholesome  food,  on  account  of  the  redness  of  their  flesh,  for 
which,  in  his  own  opinion,  they  were  all  the  better.' 

"  To  the  same,  being  twice  at  Beaumes  (?)  and  Wolcing,  buying  the  said  fish,  and  putting  them  in 
bread,  for  the  King,  at  ij.  d.  per  diem,  xxij.  d." 

'  — "cum  ovis  pro  ij.  doretis  ponendis  in  pane,  iiij.  d."    p.  50. 

'  Some  additional  information  on  this  subject  may  be  gleaned  from  the  following  directions  for 
baliing  lampreys,  furnished  by  the  cookery  book  before  quoted. — "  Lamprays  bake.  Take  and  make 
fayre  round  cofyns  of  fyne  past,  and  take  ffreyssche  lampreys  and  late  )iem  blode  iij.  fyngerys  with  in 
the  tayle,  and  lat  hem  blede  in  a  vesselle,  and  late  hym  deye  in  the  same  vesselle  in  the  same  blode. 
Than  take  broun  brede  and  kyt  it  and  stepe  it  in  the  venegre,  and  draw  thorw  a  straynoure  ;  than 
take  the  same  blode  and  pouder  of  canel,  and  cast  ther  to  tyl  it  be  broun.  Than  caste  ther  to  pouder 
pepir,  salt,  and  wyne  a  lytelle,  that  it  be  nozt  to  strong  of  venegre.  An  skald  the  lampray  and  pare 
hem  clene,  and  couche  hym  round  on  the  cofyn,  til  he  be  helyd.  Than  kyverc  hym  fayre  wyth  a  lede, 
save  a  lytel  hole  in  the  myddelle ;  and  ellys  that  hool  blow  in  the  cofynne  wyth  thin  mowthe  a  gode 
blast  of  wynde ;  and  sodenly  stoppe  the  hole  that  the  wynd  a  byde  wythynne  to  reyse  uppe  the 
cofynne,  that  he  falle  nowt  a  downne ;  and  whan  he  is  a  lytel  y  hardid  in  the  oven  pryke  the  cofyn 
wyth  a  pynne  y  stekyd  on  a  roddys  ende,  for  brekyng  of  the  cofynne  :  and  than  lat  bake  and  serve 
forthe  colde.  And  when  the  lamprey  is  take  out  of  the  cofynne  and  etyn,  take  the  syrippe  in  the 
cofynne,  and  put  on  a  chargere,  and  caste  vifyne  ther  to,  an  pouder  gyngere,  and  lat  boyle  in  the  fyre. 
Than  take  fayre  paynemayn  y  wette  in  viryne,  and  ley  the  soppis  in  the  cofynne  of  the  lamprey,  and 
ley  the  syrippe  a  bove,  and  ete  it  so  hot,  for  it  is  gode  lordys  mete."  MS.  Harl.  279,  fol.  4.S. 
°  p.  16.  *  p.  14.  5  p.  61.  «  MS.  Sloan.,  No.  4,  p.  ]  63.        'Ibid.  p.  162. 


xlvi 

The  roll  presents  nothing  worthy  of  remark  on  the  subject  of  animal-food. 
We  find  the  usual  fare  of  beef,  mutton,  veal  and  pork  :  with  the  occasional 
variety  of  kid's  flesh,  and  venison.  The  prices  of  animals  vary  considerably ; 
two  oxen,  four  sheep  and  three  calves  were  bought  for  22s.  lOd. ;  m  one 
instance  two  calves  cost  \s.  6d.,  in  another  a  sheep  and  a  calf  were  worth 
3s.  3c?.'  Kids  came  either  out  of  the  stores  of  the  different  castles,  or  from  the 
Countess's  manors.  Although  venison  is  mentioned  more  frequently  to- 
wards what  we  should  call  the  proper  season,  it  was  eaten  also  in  the  spring. 
On  Sunday  the  10th  of  May  there  is  an  item  of  6d.,  expended  upon  the 
dogs,  in  hunting  a  stag.^ 

Of  the  feathered  tribe,  capons,  fowls  and  geese^  are  named,  but  the  general 
term  "  pullagium,"  may  have  comprehended  other  species.  There  is  no 
distinct  mention,  however,  of  swans,  herons,  peacocks,  bitterns  and  other 
strong  flavoured  birds  so  much  in  favour  at  the  time.  We  find  a  payment 
to  a  boy,  for  seeking  a  crane  in  a  well,*  and  it  is  possible  that,  if  caught,  the 
unfortunate  bird  may  have  been  devoured. 

Eggs  seem  to  have  been  an  important  item  in  the  culinary  processes  of 
the  thirteenth  century.  The  price  of  them  varied  from  3|«?^  to  Ad^.  per 
hundred.  In  one  instance  they  were  paid  as  rent.^  On  Easter  Sunday 
upwards  of  twelve  hundred  were  purchased  ;^  of  which  the  greater  part  were, 
probably,  stained  and  given  away  as  Pasque  eggs. 

It  cannot  fail  to  be  remarked,  in  perusing  the  roU,  that  very  few  esculent 
plants  are  mentioned.     Dried  peas  and  beans,  parsley,  fennel,  onions,  green 

'  For  the  price  of  cows,  see  p.  71.  2  p  30. 

'  "  Aucffi."  Mr.  Brand  rendered  this  word  by  auk,  a  marine  fowl  (Archaeologia,  vol.  xv,  p.  362)  ; 
but  it  was  the  general  term  for  a  goose  in  the  middle  age  Latinity.     See  Ducange,  suh  voce. 

*  p.  57 ;  the  fens  of  Cambridgeshire,  Bedford  and  Lincoln  furnished  plenty  of  these  birds.  In 
1218  we  find  notice  given  to  the  Sheriff  of  Cambridge  and  to  Fulls  de  Breaute,  who  was  paramount 
in  Bedfordshire,  that  the  King  had  sent  Geoffrey  de  Hauville,  and  his  fellows,  with  8  horses,  7  boys, 
4  gerfalcons,  and7  levriers,  to  catch  cranes  for  his  use.    Rot.  Claus.  2  Hen.  III.  m.  14. 

5  "  Ova,  c.  et  dimid.,  de  redditu  :"  p.  26.  ^  p.  16. 


xlvii 

peas  and  new  beans,'  are  the  only  species  named.  Pot-herbs  of  which  the 
names  are  not  specified,  but  which  served  eleven  days,  cost  6d.^  If  any 
other  vegetables  were  in  general  use  at  the  time,  they  were,  perhaps,  com- 
prised under  the  term  "  potagium."^  There  is,  however,  much  uncertainty 
upon  the  subject  of  the  cultivation  of  vegetables,  in  this  country,  during  the 
thirteenth  and  fourteenth  centuries.  Cresses,  endive,  lettuce,  beets,  par- 
snips, carrots,  cabbages,  leeks,  radishes,  and  cardoons  were  grown  in  France 
during  the  reign  of  Charlemagne ;''  but  it  is  doubtful  whether  many  of  these 
varieties  had  penetrated  into  England  at  an  early  period.  The  most  skilful 
horticulturists  of  the  middle  ages  were  ecclesiastics,  and  it  is  possible  that 
in  the  gardens  of  monasteries  many  vegetables  were  reared  which  were  not 
in  common  use  among  the  laity .^  Even  in  the  fifteenth  century  the  general 
produce  of  the  English  kitchen  garden  was  contemptible  when  compared 
with  that  of  the  Low  Countries,  France  and  Italy.  Gilbert  Kymer  can  enu- 
merate only,  besides  a  few  wild  and  forgotten  sorts,  cabbage,  lettuce,  spinach, 
beetroot,  trefoil,  bugloss,  borage,  celery,  purslane,  fennel,  smallage,  thyme 
hyssop,  parsley,  mint,  a  species  of  turnip,  and  small  whi  te  onions.  Accord- 
ing to  him,  all  these  plants  were  boiled  with  meat.  He  observes  also  that 
some  were  eaten  raw,  in  spring  and  summer,  with  olive  oil  and  spices,  but 
questions  the  propriety  of  the  custom.^  This  is,  perhaps,  the  earUest  notice 
extant  of  the  use  of  salads,  in  England. 

V  Although  the  information  furnished  by  the  roll  on  the  subject  of  vegetables 
is  very  scanty,  it  is  still  more  meagre  in  relation  to  fruit.  The  only  kinds 
named  are  apples  and  pears  :  three  hundred  of  the  latter  were  purchased  at 
Canterbury  ;'  probably  from  the  gardens  of  the  monks.  It  is  believed,  how- 
ever, that  few  other  sorts  were  generally  grown  in  England  before  the  latter 
end  of  the  fifteenth  century :  although  Matthew  Paris,  describing  the  bad 


'  "  Fabe  novae,  j.d."— "  Pisae  in  cossis,  ij.  d."— p.  61.  '  "  Olera  empta,"  etc.,  p.  21 . 

'  The  cabbage  and  colewort  -were  cultivated  by  the  Saxons,  who  called  them  "  kale ;"  it  seems 
probable,  however,  that  they  were  not  much  attended  to  after  the  Conquest. 
■•  "  La  Vie  Prlv^e  des  Franqois,"  tome  i.,  p.  156. 
«  MS.  Sloan.,  No,  4.  p.  157.  "  Ibid.  '  They  cost  lOd.;  p.  11. 


xlviii 

season  of  1257,  observes  that  "apples  were  scarce,  and  pears  scarcer,  while 
quinces,  vegetables,  cherries,  plums  and  all  shell-fruits  were  entirely  de- 
stroyed,'"    These  shell-fruits  were  probably  the  common  hazel-nut,  walnuts, 
and  perhaps  chestnuts;  in  1256  the  Sheriffs  of  London  were  ordered  to 
buy  two  thousand  chestnuts  for  the  King's  use.^     In  the  Wardrobe  Book 
of  the  14th  of  Edward  the  First  before  quoted,  we  find  the  bill  of  Nicholas, 
the  royal  fruiterer ;  in  which  the  only  fruits  mentioned  are  pears,  apples, 
quinces,  medlars  and  nuts.    The  supply  of  these^  from  Whitsuntide  to  No- 
vember, cost  21/.  14s.  1^^.'     'i;his  apparent  scarcity  of  indigenous  fruits 
naturally  leads  to  the  enquiry,  what  foreign  kinds  besides  those  included 
in  the  term  spicery,  such  as  almonds,  dates  figs  and  raisins,  were  imported 
into  England  in  this  and  the  following  century  ?  In  the  time  of  John  and 
of  Henry  the  Third,  RocheUe  was  celebrated  for  its  pears  and  conger  eels ; 
the  sheriffs   of  London  purchased  a  hundred  of  the  former,  for  Henry, 
in  1223.*    In  the  18th  of  Edward  the  First,  a  large  Spanish  ship  came  to 
Portsmouth ;    out  of  the  cargo  of  which  the  Queen  bought  one  frail   of 
Seville  figs,  one  frail  of  raisins  or  grapes,   one  bale  of  dates,   two  hun- 
dred and  thirty  pomegranates,  fifteen  citrons  and  seven  oeanges.'    The 
last  item  is  important,  as  Le  Grand  d'Aussy  could  not  trace  the  orange  in 
France  to  an  earlier  date  than  1333 ;"  here  we  find  it  known  in  England 
in  1290 ;  and  it  is  probable  that  this  was  not  its  first  appearance.     The 
marriage   of  Edward  with  Eleanor  of  Castile   naturally  led  to  a  greater 
intercourse  with  Spain,  and,  consequently,   to  the  introduction  of  other 
articles  of  Spanish  produce  than  the  leather  of  Cordova,  olive-oil  and  rice, 
which  had  previously  been  the  principal  imports  from  that  fertile  country, 
through  the  medium  of  the  merchants  of  Bayonne  and  Bordeaux.     It  is  to 
be  regretted  that  the  series  of  Wardrobe  Books  is  incomplete,  as  much  addi- 
tional information  on  this  point  might  have  "been  derived  from  them.     At  all 
events  it  appears  certain  that  Europe  is  indebted  to  the  Arab  conquerors  of 


1  M.  Paris,  822.  =  Claus.  40  Hen.  III.  m.  14. 

3  Fol.  4.  b.  " — pro  piris,  pomis,  coctanis,  medlis  et  nucibus." 
*  Claus.,  7  Hen,  III.  m.  9.  =  "  Poma  de  Orenge."    The  MS.  is  in  the  Tower. 

^  "  La  Vie  Priv^e  des  rran9ois,"  torn,  i.,  246.  > 


xlix 

Spain  for  the  introduction  of  the  orange,  and  not  to  the  Portuguese  who  are 
said  to  have  brought  it  from  China. 

An  English  dessert  in  the  thirteenth  century,  must,  it  is  clear,  have  been 
composed  chiefly  of  dried  and  preserved  fruits  ;  dates,  figs,  apples,  pears, 
nuts,  and  the  still  common  dish  of  almonds  and  raisins.'  A  curious  anecdote 
related  of  Robert  de  Coquina,  Bishop  of  Durham,  who  died  in  1284,  shews 
that  it  was  customary  to  blanch  the  almond  for  table.  He  kept*  two  female 
apes,  one  older  than  the  other.  On  a  certain  day,  after  dinner,  feeling  more 
inclined  to  be  diverted  than  to  eat,  he  ordered  a  silver  dish  which  stood 
before  him,  filled  with  blanched  almohds,  to  be  placed  on  the  floor  beside  the 
younger  animal,  the  elder  being  kept  back  from  it.  The  favoured  ape, 
fearing  she  might  be  robbed  by  her  companion,  hastily  crammed  all  the 
fruit  into  her  left  jaw ;  and  was  making  off  with  the  spoU,  when  the  other, 
being  set  loose,  seized  her  by  the  right  cheek,  and  in  spite  of  all  resistance, 
forced  open  her  mouth,  and  deliberately  eat  every  almond,  to  the  great 
amusement  of  the  Bishop  and  his  company.^ 

Owing  to  the  partiality  of  the  ancient  English  for  strong  and  savoury 
flavours,  already  adverted  to,  a  great  variety  of  spices  were  used  in  the  compo- 
sition of  sauces  and  other  branches  of  cookery ;  they,  likewise,  entered  largely 
into  the  manufacture  of  those  costly  drinks  and  cordials  so  much  in  fashion 
during  the  middle  ages.  The  natural  flavour  and  strength  of  wine  did  not 
suSice ;  it  was  sometimes  sweetened  with  honey,"*  often  burnt,  and  more 

'  In  the  xvth  century  we  find  mention  of  green  figs,  ripe  figs,  grapes,  grapes  of  Corinth,  Damas- 
cus plums,  cherries,  strawberries  and  mulberries.  MS.  Sloan.  No.  4,  p.  163.  The  item  "  frase, 
iiij.d."  occurs  in  the  roll  (p.  50),  but  it  may  be  doubted  whether  strawberries  were  thereby  meant. 

'  "  More  modernorum  prselatorum,  pro  amovendis  aliquando  anxietatibus." 

'  Chron.  de  Lanercost,  p.  114.  Robert  de  Coquina  was  remarkable  for  jocularity.  "  Virum 
istum,  de  cujus  funere  nunc  agitur,  vidimus  in  vita  satis  dapsilem  et  jocundum,  nee  non  inter  con- 
vivia  satis  honeste  ludibundum." — Ibid. 

*  Such  were  the  wines  called  Clairets,  the  origin  of  the  modern  name  of  Claret ;  and  the  vina 
gariofil9ta  (boiled  with  cloves),  which  Henry  the  Third  styled  "potus  delicatos."  Claus.  39  Hen.  3, 
m.  2.     See  also  "  La  Vie  Privfee,"  &c.  torn.  iii.  p.  67. 

h 


1 

frequently  thickened  by  boiling,  with  the  addition  of  the  most  stimulating 
aromatics. 

All  dried  fruits  as  well  as  spices,  properly  so  called,  were  anciently  com- 
prised under  the  general  term  spicery.  The  dealers  in  these  rare  commodities 
were  styled  Spiders,  and  as  their  trade  was  carried  on  with  those  countries 
of  the  East,  which,  in  addition  to  the  production  of  spices,  were  more  skilled 
in  manufactures  than  the  nations  of  Europe,  they  imported  not  only  the 
aromatics,  but,  also,  the  rich  silks,  fine  linens,  baudekins  and  gold-stuffs  of 
Asia.  It  was  this  branch  of  commerce  which  enriched  the  Basings,  Hardels, 
Rokesleys  and  Gisorses,  those  haughty  merchants  and  barons  of  London,  in 
the  thirteenth  century,  who,  said  Henry  the  Third,  in  a  fit  of  spleen,  would  . 
have  purchased  the  treasures  of  Octavian,  had  they  been  offered  for  sale.' 

The  spices  named  in  the  roU  are  aniseed,  cinnamon,  cloves,  galingal,  ginger, 
and  pepper  J  besides  these  cubebs,  mace,  and  grain  of  paradise,  or  grain  de 
Paris,  although  not  specified,  were  in  general  use  at  the  time.  Among  spices 
were  included  rice,  saffron,  and  sugar. 

The  history  and  antiquity  of  the  spice  trade  has  been  so  often  and  so  ably 
related,  that,  in  this  place,  it  will  be  sufficient  to  observe  that  Alexandria 
,  was  the  mart  from  which  Europe  was  supplied  in  early  times,  through  the 
agency  of  the  merchants  of  France  and  Italy .^  It  may  be  doubted,  however, 
whether,  as  has  been  frequently  asserted,  aU  the  rice  and  sugar  used  in 
Europe  during  the  twelfth,  thirteenth,  and  fourteenth  centuries  came  from 
that  place.  That  some  kinds  of  sugar  did,  is  certain;  but  the  sugar  of 
Alexandria  seems  to  have  been  a  great  rarity  in  England  during  the  reign  of 
Henry  the  Third.  In  1226  the  King  sent  a  writ  to  the  mayor  and  burgesses 
of  Winchester,  directing  them  to  forward  to  him  at  Marlborough,  three 

'  M.  Paris,  650. 

=  It  was  not  until  after  the  Crusades  that  spices  became  generally  diffused  in  Europe.  Much 
valuable  information  upon  this  subject  will  be  found  in  the  learned  essay,  by  M.  de  Guignes,  "  Sur 
I'fetat  du  Commerce  du  Levant,  avant  les  Croisades,"  &c.  Mdmoires  de  I'Acad^mie  Royaledes  Inscrip- 
tions  et  Belles-Lettres,  tome  37,  p.  467.  m. 


pounds  of  choice  sugar  of  Alexandria,  if  so  much  could  be  found  in  the  city 
of  Winchester,  and,  if  it  could  not  be  had,  they  were  to  send  as  many  pounds 
of  sugar  of  Buza.  They  were  to  send  also  one  pound  of  rosy  sugar,  and  one 
pound  of  violet-coloured  sugar,  three  ounces  of  violets,  and  one  ounce  of 
mastic'  Now  at  the  period  in  question  Winchester  was  almost  as  great  an 
emporium  for  merchandise  of  every  description  as  London ;  a  circumstance 
partly  the  result  of  the  frequent  presence  of  the  court  in  that  venerable  town, 
but,  chiefly,  of  the  great  fair  of  St,  Giles's  Hill,  to  which  traders  from  all 
parts  were  accustomed  to  repair;  and  from  which  also  the  merchants  of 
London  drew  a  portion  of  their  supplies.  The  place  called  Buza  cannot  be 
readily  identified ;  it  was,  probably,  some  Eastern  city  celebrated  for  the 
manufacture  of  sugar ;  but  it  is  believed  that  the  coloured  sugars  referred  to 
by  the  King  were  made  in  Europe.  The  cane  had  been  cultivated,  from  a 
very  remote  date,  in  Sicily,  and  is  said  indeed  to  be  indigenous  in  that  island ; 
we  have  every  reason  to  believe  that  the  sugar  commonly  used  in  England 
in  early  times  was  made  by  the  Italians.* 

The  invention  of  the  art  of  refining  sugar  has  been  ascribed  to  the  Arabs. 
It  is  not  known  when  the  process  was  first  employed  in  Europe.  Le  Grand 
d'Aussy  could  not  cite  an  earlier  mention  of  white  sugar,  than  that  which  he 
found  in  the  Household  Account  of  Humbert,  Dauphin  de  Viennois,  for  the 
year  1333;'  the  Leicester  Roll  proves  that  it  was  used  in  England  in  1265. 
On  page  71  will  be  found  an  item  for  fourteen  pounds  of  sugar,  which  cost 
28s. ;  the  scribe  had  originally  written  that  this  sugar  was  purchased  to  make 
"white  powder," — "  ad  album pulverem  •"  these  words,  however,  he  struck 
out,  and  it  will  be  seen  that  the  item  immediately  following  is,  "for  iiij. 
pounds  of  white  powder,  8s."  If  sugar  were  never  purchased  to  make 
white  powder,  he  would  not  have  committed  this  error  in  writing  his 
account,  and  when  to  this  presumptive  evidence  we  add  the  fact  that  white 
powder  bore  the  same  price  as  sugar,  viz.  2s.  the  pound,  no  other  conclusion 

'  Liberate,  10  Hen.  3,  m.  3. 

'  The  Emperor  Frederick  II.  granted  his  gardens  at  Palermo  to  the  Jews,  for  the  cultivation  of  the 
sugar-cane  and  palm.    See  "  La  Vie  Priv^e,"  &c,  torn.  ii.  p.  197,  note  2. 
»  Ibid.,  p.  198. 


Hi 

can  be  drawn  than  that  it  was  white  sugar  pounded.  To'  this  we  may  add 
that  in  1256  Henry  the  Third  ordered  the  Sheriffs  of  London  to  send 
"  four  loaves  of  sugar"  to  Woodstock,  where  in  company  with  the  King  and 
Queen  of  Scotland  he  celebrated  the  feast  of  the  Assumption.* 

No  doubt  a  considerable  quantity  of  rice  was  imported  from  the  east, 
during  the  middle  ages ;  but  it  may  be  observed  that  the  Arabs  had  intro- 
duced the  cultivation  of  it  into  Spain,  where  it  is  still  grown  in  the  proAance 
of  Valencia ;  and  that,  from  Spain,  the  plant  was  at  an  early  period,  trans- 
ported to  Italy.* 


The  prices  of  the  several  items  of  spicery,  or  grocery,  were  as  follows  : 


Almonds,  per  lb. 

21A.  to  3|d. 

Cloves 

10s.  to  12s, 

Anise,  do. 

•      3d. 

Cummin, 

2d. 

Cinnamon, 

lOd. 

Fennel,  dried, 

3d. 

Galingal, 

Is.  6d. — Ss. 

Rice, 

ld.f 

Ginger,            lOd., 

Is.,  Is.  6d.,  2s. 

Saffron, 

10s.— 12s. 

Pepper, 

8d.,  lOd.,  Is. 

Sugar, 

Is.— 2s. 

Liquorice  is  mentioned,  but,  as  no  quantity  is  specified,  we  have  not  the 
means  of  ascertaining  its  value. 

While  on  the  subject  of  condiments,  it  may  be  noticed  that  considerable 
quantities  of  mustard,  verjuice  and  vinegar  were  used.  The  verjuice  was 
made,  both  from  the  unripened  grape  and  from  sorrel. 


'  Claus.  40,  Hen.  3,  m.  6,  in  dorso ; — "  iiij.  panes  zucri." 

'  Muratori,  Antiquitates  Italicee,  torn,  ii.,  Dissert,  xxiv. 

^  It  must  not  be  supposed  from  the  low  prices  of  some  of  these  articles  that  they  were  generally 
used  in  the  country;  the  arrival  of  a  ship  laden  with  spices  was  an  event  of  such  importance,  and 
perhaps  rarity,  that  the  King  usually  hastened  to  satisfy  his  wants  before  the  cargo  was  landed. 
Thus  in  the  10th  of  Henry  the  Third,  the  bailiffs  of  Sandwich  were  commanded  to  detain,  upon  their 
coming  to  port,  two  great  ships  laden  with  spices  and  precious  merchandises,  which  were  expected 
from  Bayonne;  and  not  to  allow  any  thing  to  be  sold  until  the  King  had  had  his  choice  of  their 
contents.    Claus.  10  Hen.  3,  m.  3. 


liii 

We  find  occasional  items  for  the  purchase  of  table  Hnen,  plates,  dishes, 
and  drinking  cups  :  and  there  are  two  payments  for  making  cases  for  the 
Countess's  knives,  probably  those  used  at  meals. 

The  roU  affords  little  information  respecting  dress,  and  that  little  is  not 
remarkable  for  novelty.  Woollen  cloths  were  long  the  chief  material  of  male 
and  female  attire.  When  new  the  nap  was  generally  very  long ;  and  after 
being  worn  for  some  time  it  was  customary  to  have  it  shorn  ;  indeed  this 
process  was  repeated  as  long  as  the  stuff  would  bear  it.  Thus  we  find  the 
Countess  sending  Hicqe,  the  tailor,  to  London,  to  get  her  robes  re-shom. 

Among  the  materials  for  dress  mentioned,  are  linen,  sindon,  which  has 
been  variously  interpreted  to  mean  satin  or  very  fine  linen ;  scarlet  and  rayed 
or  striped  cloths,  of  Flemish,'  French  or  Italian  make  ;  pers,  or  blue  cloth, 
for  the  manufacture  of  which  Provence  was  famous ; "  russet,  say  or  serge, 
and  blanchet  or  blanket,  a  name  which,  it  is  beheved,  was  then  given  to 
flannel.  The  furs  named  are  squirrel  and  miniver.  For  some  trifling  par- 
ticulars respecting  hose,  boots,  and  shoes  the  reader  is  referred  to  the  docu- 
ment itself. 

Two  passages  in  the  roll,  possessing  literary  interest,  must  not  be  over- 
looked. They  relate  to  the  cost  of  a  pocket  breviary  made  for  the  use  of 
Eleanor  de  Montfort.  Twenty  dozen  of  fine  veUum  were  purchased  for  it, 
at  the  price  of  lOs.  and  the  writing,  which  was  executed  at  Oxford,  cost 
14*.' 

We  may  note,  as  a  striking  peculiarity  in  this  document,  that  the  house- 
hold servants  are  generally  distinguished  by  Saxon  names  !  we  have  Hande 
and  Jacke  of  the  bake-house;  Hicqe  the  tailor,  Jacke  the  keeper  of  the 
Countess's  harriers,  Dobbe  the  shepherd ;  Diqon,  Gobithesty,  and  Treubodi, 
who  were  often  employed  in  carrying  letters ;  as  well  as  Slingaway,  a  courier, 

'  Ghent  was  celebrated  for  its  scarlets.  '  Le  Grand  d'Aussy,  iii.,  p.  404. 

3  pp.  9,  24. 


Hv 

whose  name  is  most  apposite,  and  was  derived,  possibly,  from  his  gait  and 
manner. 

In  concluding  these  remarks  it  is  indispensable  to  observe,  that,  during 
the  year  1265,  prices  were,  probably,  higher  than  usual,  owing  to  the 
troubled  state  of  the  kingdom,  and  to  the  ravages  committed  both  by  the 
royal  party  and  by  the  adherents  of  Leicester.  Vast  quantities  of  grain  and 
provisions  of  all  kinds  were  bought  up,  or  seized,  to  store  castles  and  victual 
troops ;  by  which  the  general  supply  of  fairs  and  markets  was  materially 
diminished ;'  while  the  insecurity  of  travelling  limited  the  traffick  of  mer- 
chants and,  consequently,  enhanced  the  value  of  every  species  of  commodity. 
The  continuator  of  Matthew  Paris  thus  terminates  his  account  of  the  year  in 
question.  "  The  past  year  was  fruitful,  temperate,  and  healthy ;  but  grievous 
in  all  the  affairs  of  England,  by  reason  of  the  general  war,  of  the  King's  cap- 
tivity, and  of  the  lamentable  ^poil  of  public  and  private  property."  *  These 
facts  should  be  carefully  weighed  before  any  general  conclusions  are  drawn 
from  the  prices  set  down  in  the  roll. 

With  respect  to  the  value  of  money  in  the  thirteenth  century  it  is  sufficient 
to  say  that  one  shilling  then  would  purchase  as  much  as  fifteen  now.' 


The  original  roll  seems  to  have  been  taken  by  the  Countess  of  Leicester 
to  France  ;  and  after  remaining  fpr  more  than  five  centuries  in  that  country, 
perhaps  in  the  archives  of  the  monastery  at  Montargis,  where  she  fixed  her 
residence,  it  at  length  found  its  way  back  to  England,  and  was  purchased  in 
1831  by  the  Trustees  of  the  British  Museum ;  it  is  No.  8877  of  the  Addi- 
tional MSS.     The  document  is  thus  described  by  a  former  French  possessor. 

1  In  May,  1265,  Leicester  sent  writs,  in  the  King's  name,  to  the  Sheriffs  of  Hereford,  Salop,  and 
Stafford  ordering  them  to  prohibit  the  holding  of  fairs  and  markets  in  their  respective  counties,  and 
to  proclaim  that  all  pro-visions  for  sale  should  follow  the  royal  person. — Rot.  Claus.  49  Hen.  3  m.  4. 

'  M.  Paris,  854.  3  Hardy's  Introduction  to  the  Close  Rolls,  p.xlv.-fol.  Lond.  1833.  . 


Iv 

"  Rouleau  de  20  pieds  de  long,  contenant  un  compte  des  d^penses  de  la 
maison  de  la  comtesse  de  Leicester,  sceur  de  Henri  III.  roi  d'Angleterre. 

11  y  a  des  d^penses  faites  pour  Richard  de  Comuailles,  frere  du  roi 
d'Angleterre  et  de  la  comtesse  de  Leicester,  qui  avait  ete  elu  Empereur 
d'Alemagne  en  1257,  et  qui  dans  ce  compte  est  appel^  Rex  Alemanie. 

II  y  en  a  aussi  qui  ont  6te  faites  pour  Henri  et  Gui  de  Montfort,  fils  du 
comte  de  Leicester. 

II  y  en  a  encore  qvii  sont  relatives  a  I'obit  du  comte  de  Leicester  et  a  la 
nourriture  des  chevaux  de  selle  qui  avaient  6te  a  son  service  personnel,  ce 
qui  prouve  que  ce  rouleau  a  ete  ecrit  vers  I'annee  1268,  peu  de  temps  apres 
la  bataiUe  d'Evesham,  oii  le  comte  de  Leicester  fut  tue." 

It  is  needless  to  enter  into  any  lengthened  statement  to  prove  that  the 
date  thus  assigned  to  the  roll  is  an  anachronism.  The  facts  that  the  Earl 
of  Leicester,  his  son  Henry  de  Montfort  and  others  who  were  slain  at 
Evesham  are  mentioned  in  it  as  alive,  and  that  the  Countess  withdrew  from 
England  soon  after  that  battle  shew  that  it  cannot  be  given  to  a  later  year 
than  1265.  To  these  however  we  may  add  further  and  more  conclusive 
proofs.  The  wages  of  servants  are  calculated  by  the  regnal  year  of  Henry 
the  Third,  that  year  being  his  forty-ninth,  and  the  dates  of  the  moveable 
feasts  in  1265  coincide  with  those  given  in  the  roU. 

As  we  find  that  servants'  wages  were  computed  by  the  regnal  year  it  is 
reasonable  to  suppose  that  the  roll,  which  in  its  present  state  is  obviously 
imperfect,  commenced  in  October  1264;  the  19th  of  that  month  being  the 
anniversary  of  Henry's  accession.  That  some  matter  preceded  that  which  is 
at  present  the  commencement  of  the  document,  is  clear  from  the  absence 
of  a  title,  and  the  language  of  the  accountant  who  refers  to  persons  "  afore- 
said" as  forming  part  of  the  family  on  the  19th  of  February:  the  last  mem- 
brane yet  bears  marks  of  another  having  been  originally  sewn  to  it :  the  ac- 
count was  probably  continued  up  to  the  time  of  the  Countess's  departure 
for  France. 


Ivi 

This  Household  Roll  is  believed  to  be  the  earliest  known  memorial  of  the 
domestic  expenditure  of  an  English  subject ;  there  are  a  few  royal  accounts 
of  earlier  date.  It  is  in  a  remarkable  state  of  preservation  considering  its  age 
and  the  accidents  to  which  aU  manuscripts  are  exposed  until  placed  in  secure 
custody.  It  was  written  by  more  than  one  person,  but  the  character  of  aU  is 
that  which  may  be  called  the  chancery  or  clericalhand  of  the  time  of  Henry 
the  Third.  As  no  useful  end  would  have  been  attained  by  preserving  its 
contractions  and  peculiar  orthography,  the  former  have  been  extended 
and  the  latter  modernised ;  occasional  foot  notes  being  added  to  indicate 
the  alterations  introduced  into  the  text. 


II.  Rolls  containing  the  payments  made  by  the 
Executors  of  Eleanor,  Consort  of  Edward  the 
First. 


Few  materials  are  extant  for  the  lives  of  the  early  Queen-consorts  of 
England.  It  was  only  when  some  of  them  emerged  from  the  privacy  of  domes- 
tic life  into  the  field  of  politics  and  intrigue,  or  when  scandal  grew  busy  with 
their  fame,  that  contemporary  annalists  going  beyond  a  mere  eulogy  of 
their  personal  charms  have  left  us  a  degree  of  information  respecting  them 
which  rather  serves  to  excite  than  to  satisfy  curiosity.  No  equivocal  re- 
putation is  associated  with  the  name  of  Eleanor  of  Castile.  She  never 
swerved  from  the  position  which  fortune  assigned  her,  nor  failed  to  perform 
the  gentle  and  peaceful  duties  which  belonged  to  it.  The  memory  of  her 
unobtrusive  virtues  and  worth  passed  away  with  those  who  had  witnessed,  or 
were  the  objects  of,  her  care  and  solicitude,  and  thus  it  is,  that  in  attempting 
the  present  notice,  with  all  the  aid  derivable  from  the  records  of  her  time,  our 
narrative  wiU  present  little  more  than  a  sketch  of  the  circumstances  attending 
her  marriage  and  her  death.- 

After  the  recall  of  the  Earl  of  Leicester  from  Guienn?  in  1252'  those 
intestine  troubles  were  renewed  which  the  energy  and  severity  of  his  admi- 
nistration had  temporarily  suppressed.  The  exhausted  treasury  of  Henry 
the  Third  and  the  unwillingness  of  the  EngUsh  to  grant  supplies  pre- 
vented him,  for  some  time,  from  taking  effectual  steps  to  coerce  the  insur- 
gents.    At  the  moment  when  his  authority  in  the  province  was  at  its  lowest 

'  See  p.  xxi,  ante. 
i 


Iviii 

ebb,  Alphonso  the  Tenth,  King  of  Castile  and  Leon,  whose  scientific  acquire- 
ments obtained  him  the  surname  of  El  Sabio,  or  the  Wise,  laid  claim  to  it, 
alleging  that  the  province  belonged  to  him  in  right  of  his  great-grandmother, 
Eleanor,  daughter  of  Henry  the  Second  and  Eleanor  of  Aquitaine,  who  had 
received  it  in  dower  upon  her  marriage  with  Alphonso  III.,  King  of  Castile, 
in  1170.' 

Alphonso  was  supported  and  encouraged  in  these  doubtfiil  and  obsolete 
pretensions  by  a  party  in  the  province  headed  by  the  turbulent  Gaston  de 
Mon9ade,  Vicomte  de  Beam.^  The  rapid  spread  and  success  of  this  faction 
roused  Henry  to  a  sense  of  his  danger,  and  having  at  last  succeeded  in 
wringing  a  subsidy  from  the  English  upon  condition  of  strictly  enforcing  the 
provisions  of  the  Great  Charter,^  he  determined  to  employ  it  in  reducing 
Guienne  to  obedience.  Upon  his  arrival  there  in  1253  he  undertook  several 
expeditions  against  the  rebels  which  terminated  with  success,  for  the  Gascons 
were  at  once  taken  by  surprise  at  his  unwonted  energy  and  terrified  by  the 
savage  mode  of  warfare  which  he  adopted.  Their  vineyards  were  rooted  up, 
their  crops  destroyed  and  amid  this  general  desolation  they  exclaimed,  that 
the  King  was  a  greater  enemy  to  them  than  the  Earl  of  Leicester  had  ever 
been.'' 

To  secure  the  advantages  he  had  gained  Henry,  always  partial  to  negotia- 
tion, resolved  if  possible  to  conciliate  the  King  of  Castile,  who  notwithstanding 
the  TVgent  soUcitations  of  the  insurgents  had  hitherto  delayed  advancing  to 
their  assistance.  With  this  view  he  sent  ambassadors  to  the  Spanish  court, 
to  demand  Eleanor  the  half-sister  of  Alphonso  in  marriage  for  Prince  Ed- 
ward,' upon  whom  he  had  already  settled  the  sovereignty  of  Guienne. 
Alphonso  complied  with  his  request  upon  condition  that  the  Prince  should 
be  sent  into  Spain  to  complete  the  marriage.  To  this,  Henry,  after  some 
hesitation,^  assented  and  in  1254  Edward  proceeded  to  Burgos  where  he  was 
graciously  received  by  Alphonso,  who  knighted  him  and  celebrated   the 

1  M.  Paris,  733.  =  Ibid.  3  Ibid  746.  *  M.  Paris,  751. 

'  Ibid.  6  Ibid. 


lix 

marriage  with  great  pomp.'  The  Prince  and  his  bride  returned  to  Bordeaux 
bringing  with  them  a  charter  bearing  a  golden  seal,^  by  which  the  Spanish 
sovereign  rehnquished,  in  favour  of  them  and  their  heirs,  all  claims  upon  the 
province  of  Guienne. 

The  English  had  suffered  so  much  from  Henry's  costly  patronage  of 
foreigners  that  it  is  not  surprising  they  should  have  regarded  this  aUiance  with 
aversion.  They  asked  what  assistance  the  King  of  Spain,  surrounded  by 
domestic  foes  and  separated  by  distant  lands  and  varjring  climates,  could 
afford  their  sovereign  against  his  natural  enemies  the  French.  They  said  the 
King  knew  "  the  habits  and  religion  of  the  Spaniards,  who  were  the  very 
refuse  of  mankind,  hideous  in  their  persons,  contemptible  in  their  dress,  and 
detestable  in  their  manners."  ^  They  computed  moreover  that  Henry  had 
spent  in  this  expedition  into  Guienne,  whereby  he  had  gained  no  more  than 
he  before  possessed,  at  least  twenty-seven  thousand  pounds,*  besides  having 
lavished  lands  and  pensions  upon  people  unworthy  of  his  favour.  It  was  re- 
marked that  after  the  conclusion  of  the  marriage  the  fame  of  the  King  of 
Spain  spread  far  and  wide,  while  the  King  of  England  who  had  parted  with 
the  finest  provinces  of  his  realm  to  establish  his  son,  daily  lost  credit.^ 

Henry  left  Guienne  in  the  autumn  of  1254  and  on  his  return  to  England 
passed  through  Paris,  with  a  retinue  so  numerous  and  splendid  as  to  have 
astonished  the  French.  It  was  on  this  occasion  that  he  gave  that  costly  en- 
tertainment to  St.  Louis,  which  was  called;^the  "Feast  of  Kings." ^  Prince 
Edward  and  his  wife  remained  in  Guienne  until  the  following  year. 

It  was  not  long  before  the  consequences  of  the  Spanish  alliance,  foreseen 


>  M.  Paris,  765. 

^  It  is  still  preserved  in  the  Chapter  House,  Westminster  :  there  is  a  fac-simile  of  it  in  Rymer  ; 
we  may  observe  that  this  charter  did  not  confer  the  honour  of  knighthood  upon  Edward,  as  has 
been  often  stated ;  it  merely  recites  that  Alphonso  had  knighted  him. 

'  M.  Paris,  765.  *  M.   Paris,  says  twenty  seven  hundred  thousand  pounds ;   a  manifest 

absurdity.    Ibid.  >  Ibid.   752.  =  Ibid.  773-4. 


Ix 

by  the  English,  began  to  appear.  While  Henry  was  preparing  for  the  war- 
hke  journey  which  he  undertook  into  Scotland,  in  1255,  to  avenge  the  insults 
offered,  by  Robert  de  Ros  and  John  Baliol,  to  his  sister  and  her  husband,' 
he  was  apprised  that  ambassadors  from  the  King  of  Spain  were  on  their  way 
to  England.  They  were  the  Infante  Don  Sancho,  Archbishop-elect  of 
Toledo,  Eleanor's  brother,  and  Sir  Garcias  Martinez,  a  Spanish  nobleman  of 
some  celebrity.2  The  reason  for  their  coming  was  not  publicly  known,  but 
it  was  whispered  among  the  people,  that  they  expected  to  increase  their 
wealth  by  the  rich  presents  they  were  sure  to  receive  from  the  King,  "  who 
was  wont  to  distribute,  indiscriminately,  among  such  persons  all  that  he 
extorted  from  his  own  subjects."  ^  It  is  just  possible  that  the  real  object  of 
their  visit  was  to  prepare  for  the  reception  of  Eleanor. 

Henry,  who  was  at  Nottingham  when  he  received  the  first  notice  of  their 
expected  arrival,  immediately  dispatched  a  precept  to  Reginald  of  Cobham, 
Sheriff  of  Kent  and  Constable  of  Dover  Castle,  commanding  him^to  receive  them 
"  honourably  and  courteously,"  in  person,  on  their  landing ;  to  supply  them 
with  all  necessaries  while  they  remained  within  his  jurisdiction  and  to  conduct 
them  to  the  New  Temple,  London,  which  was  appointed  for  their  residence.'' 
The  Sheriffs  of  London  were  ordered  to  pay  fifty  marks  to  Edward  of 
Westminster,  the  King's  architect,  the  Constable  of  the  Tower  and  John  of 
Southwark,  to  be  by  them  expended  in  "  shewing  honours''  ^  to  them  on  their 
arrival  in  the  metropolis.  John  Gizors,  Chamberlain  of  London,  was 
directed  to  deliver  four  tuns  of  wine  to  be  deposited  for  their  use  in  the 
cellars  of  the  Temple,^  and  Richard  de  Montfitchet,  keeper  of  the  King's 
forest  in  Essex,  had  commands  to  slay  ten  fat  deer  and  take  them  to  the  same 
place,  that  a  well  stored  larder  might  await  their  coming.' 

It  is  possible,  however,  that  the  King  thought  his  preparations  were  rather 
too  liberal,  for  on  the  15th. of  September,  being  then  at  Wark  Castle,  in 

1  M.  Paris,  780-81.  ^  ibi^.  732.  3  iby.  782.  ^  ciaus.  39.  Hen.  3,  in.  4. 

'  "  Ad  honores  exhibendos,"  Sic.  Liberate,'  39  Hen.  3,  m.  4.  6  ciaus.  39.  Hen.  3,  m.  6. 

'  Ibid. 


Ixi 

Northumberland,  he  sent  a  secpnd  precept  to  Reginald  of  Cobham,  saying 
that  although  he  had  previously  ordered  him  to  pay  all  the  expenses  of  the 
said  ambassadors  until  their  arrival  in  London,  it  was  not  necessary  that  he 
should  do  so :  it  would  be  sufficient  to  receive  them  with  honour,  to  dis- 
charge the  port-dues  for  their  passage,  to  present  them  daily  with  gifts  from 
the  King,  but  to  let  them  travel  to  London  at  their  own  cost.'  This  last 
injunction  does  not  seem  to  have  been  strictly  obeyed,  as  Reginald  of  Cob- 
ham  was  allowed,  upon  rendering  his  accoimts  at  the  Exchequer,  £79  4*.  4d. 
which  he  had  expended  in  defraying  their  expenses  from  Dover  to  London. 

They  reached  the  capital  about  the  end  of  December.  The  Mayor  and 
Sheriffs  had  strict  commands  to  receive  them  with  that  honour  and  respect 
which  the  King  was  most  anxious  should  be  shewn  them."  In  their  suite 
came  two  jongleurs^  belonging  to  the  household  of  the  King  of  Castile, 
and  a  serjeant  named  Gonsalvo  who  h^d  in  charge  a  present  of  Spanish 
horses  and  a  sbield,  for  Henry.'*  The  Londoners,  however,  were  scandalised 
to  see  the  Archbishop-elect,  a  boy  of  twenty,  riding  in  great  state,  wearing  a 
ring  on  his  thumb,  and  bestowing  his  benediction  on  the  people :  they  re- 
marked that  their  manners  were  utterly  at  variance  with  Enghsh  customs 
and  habits ;  that  while  the  walls  of  their  lodgings  in  the  Temple  were  hung 
with  silk  and  tapestry,  and  the  very  floors  covered  with  costly  carpets,'  their 
retinue  was  vulgar  and  disorderly,  and  that  they  had  few  horses,  but  many 
mules.  Notwithstanding  the  King's  injunctions,  the  popular  feelings  on 
these  subjects  were  vented  in  abusive  language  and  sarcastic  allusions  to  the 
gluttony  and  luxuriousness  of  this  fresh  supply  of  aliens.^ 

The  arrival  of  Eleanor  followed  shortly  after  that  of  her  brother.  The 
records  of  the  time  enable  us  to  trace  the  preparations  for  her  reception. 
On  the  27th  of  July,  the  King,  then  at  Nottingham,  sent  an  order  to  the 

'  Claus.  39  Hen.  3,  m.  4. 

2  "  Quos  Rex  ill  terra  sua  honorari  quampiurimum  optat."   Claus.  39  Hen.  3,  m.  8,  in  dorso. 
'  "  Istriones."  ■*  Liberate,  40  Hen.  3,  m.  15. 

*  This  is  believed  to  have  been  the  first  occasion  on  which  carpets  were  introduced  into  England, 

«  M.  Paris,  782. 


Ixii 

keeper  of  the  Mint  at  London,  to  deliver  twenty  marks  to  William  of  Glou- 
cester, the  royal  goldsmith,  for  the  purpose  of  making  a  silver  alms-dish  for 
Eleanor's  use.'  On  the  22nd  of  August,  Edward  of  Westminster  purchased, 
by  the  King's  directions, -twelve  silken  cloths,  viz.  six  of  Arras  and  six  of 
gold,  which  were  to  be  sent  without  delay  to  Dover,  that  they  might 
be  ready  against  her  arrival ;  as  oblations  to  be  presented  by  her  in  the 
great  monasteries  between  Dover  and  Westminster.  He  brought  also  two 
golden  fermails,  or  brooches,  each  worth  ten  marks,  to  be  oifered  at  the 
shrines  of  St.  Thomas  at  Canterbury  and  St.  Edward  at  Westminster.^  On 
the  22nd  of  September,  Reginald  of  Cobham  was  ordered  to  receive  her  in 
person,  on  landing,  to  lodge  her  honourably  in  the  castle,  and  to  conduct  her 
from  thence  to  London.^ 

Although  expected  about  the  Feast  of  St  Michael,*  Eleanor  did  not  reach 
Dover  until  the  beginning  of  October.  She  landed  with  a  great  retinue,  but 
a  very  scanty  wardrobe  ;*  this  we  may  suppose  she  intimated  to  her  father-in- 
law,  who  directly  ordered  his  Treasurer  to  transmit  her  a  hundred  marks  to 
provide  what  she  most  needed,  and  to  send  her  at  the  same  time  a  handsome 
palfrey.^  On  her  road  to  London  she  stopped  two  days  at  Canterbury,  by 
Henry's  desire,  to  celebrate  the  feast  of  St.  Edward :  ?  the  bailiifs  of  the  town 
were  commanded  to  supply  all  necessaries  for  the  solemnity  and  the  amount 
of  their  expenditure  was  £29  lis.  l^d.  ^ 

Eleanor  arrived  in  London  on  Sunday,  the  Feast  of  St.  Etheldreda,  I7th 
of  October,  1255.^  The  King  and  court,  the  mayor,  citizens  and  clergy  of 
London  went  forth  in  solemn  array  to  meet  her,  and  conducted  her  through 
the  city,  which  was  hung  with  many  coloured  cloths  fbene  cortinata)  and 
variously  decorated,  to  Westminster  where,  she  found  her  apartments, 
through  the  care  of  the  ambassadors  who  had  preceded  her,  adorned  with 
costly  hangings,  like  a  church,  and  carpeted,  after  the  Spanish  fashion.'" 

'  Liberate,  39  Hen.  3,  m.  3.  2  ciaus.  39  Hen.  3,  m.  4.  3  Ibid.  m.  2.  •"  Ibid. 

»  "  Minus  bene  munita  hernesio."     Claus.  39  Hen.  3,  m.  2.  "  Ibid.  7  Ibid. 

*  Liberate,  39  Hen.  3,  m.  1. — Rot.  Pip.  de  eodem  anno. 
'  Liber  de  Antiquis  Legibus.— MS.  Harl.  690.    M.  Paris,, 783.  '»  M.  Paris  783. 


Ixiii 

Upon  witaiessing  these  expensive  preparations  for  her  reception  the  national 
prejudices,  already  alarmed  at  the  number  of  Spaniards  who  accompanied 
her,  again  broke  forth.  Although  the  Londoners  in  obedience  to  the  King's 
orders*  had  received  the  Princess  with  songs,  music,  and  other  "joyfiil 
devices,"  they  began  to  mock  and  sneer  at  such  outrageous  pomp  and 
expense,  which  experience  told  them  would  soon  affect  their  own  pockets. 
At  this  djstance  of  time  their  fears  and  lamentations  would  appear  ludicrously 
absurd  did  we  not  know  how  much  they  had  suffered  from  the  foreign  con- 
nections of  the  throne.  Some,  says  Matthew  Paris,  dreaded  that  the  country 
would  be  "violently  seized"  by  an  inroad  of  Spaniards,^  while  "grave 
persons  and  discreet  men,  pondering  over  future  chances,  sighed  from  the 
depths  of  their  hearts,  carefully  considering  the  gratifications  which  the  King 
lavished  upon  all  aliens.  For  the  honours  shewn  to  the  Spaniards  caused  the 
wonder  and  astonishment  of  all,  nor  was  it  surprising.  The  English,  therefore, 
were  inconsolably  sad  because  among  all  nations  they  were  held  in  least  es- 
teem by  their  own  sovereign,  and  were  threatened  with  irreparable  ruin."  ^ 

Edward  returned  from  Guienne  on  the  29th  of  November,  and  was  received 
in  London  with  the  same  respect  which  had  been  shewn  to  his  wife.* 

Soon  after  Eleanor's  arrival  her  brother  the  Archbishop  of  Toledo  t  ook 
his  departure.'  Henry  presented  him,  on  leaving,  with  four  hundred  marks 
and  commanded  the  sheriff  of  Kent  to  give  him  and  his  retinue  a  speedy 
passage  from  Dover.^  The  two  jongleurs  who  accompanied  him  received  a 
gift  of  twenty-shillings  each,  and  Gonsalvo,  the  serjeant,  forty .'  Sir  Garcias 
Martinez,  however,  seems  to  have  been  so  well  pleased  at  his  reception  in 
England,  that  he  stayed  some  time  longer.  In  the  first  instance  Henry 
granted  him  an  annuity  of  100  marks  ;^  and  when,  early  in  December, 
he  talked  of  returning  to  Spain,  gave  him  a  hundred  pounds  towards  his 


'  Claus.  39  Hen.  3,  m,  6,  in  dorso.  "  M.  Paris,  783.  '  Ibid. 

*  Ibid.  787.  *  M.  Paris,  788.  '  Liberate,  40  Hen.  3,  m.  19.  '  Ibid.  m.  15. 

s  Liberate,  40  Hen.  3,  m.  19. 


Ixiv 

expenses.'  There  was  probably  some  difficulty  in  finding  this  money,  for  Sir 
Garcias  still  lingered;  at  length  on  the  8th  of  December  the  King  sent  a 
peremptory  mandate  to  the  Treasurer  to  deUver  to  Martinez  all  the  money 
and  jewels  promised  him  ;  and  if  there  should  not  be  sufficient  in  the 
treasury  to  enable  him  to  do  so,  he  was  directed  to  pawn  such  of  the  royal 
jewels  as  might  be  in  his  keeping,  either  to  "  Jews  or  Christians,"  to  make 
up  the  necessary  sum;  and  to  shew  such  diligence  in  the  business  that 
Sir  Garcias  and  his  followers  might  be  no  longer  delayed  for  want  of  their 
presents,  nor  the  King  put  to  further  cost  for  their  maintenance.^  This  im- 
pignorating  process  was  not  very  speedily  completed,  as  Martinez  did  not 
leave  England  until  June,  1256.' 

It  soon  became  manifest  that  the  English  were  not  deceived  in  supposing 
that  the  Spanish  alhance  would  call  into  being  a  fresh  crowd  of  applicants 
for  the  favours  of  their  profuse  sovereign.  Even  before  Eleanor  reached  Eng- 
land the  knights  of  the  Spanish  order  of  St.  Jago  petitioned  Henry  for  a 
grant  of  lands  in  England  and  their  request  was  seconded  by  Alphonso.  The 
king  replied  with  many  compliments  that  when  he  saw  "  a  suitable  occasion 
and  place  he  would  readily  take  care  to  do  that  which  should  add  to  the 
honour  and  profit  of  their  order ."^  In  1256  Matthew  Paris  observes  that 
"  the  King's  Poitevin  brothers,  the  Provenjals,  and  now  the  Spaniards  and 
Romans  are  enriched  with  daily  augmenting  wealth,  and  elevated  to  honours, 
while  the  English  are  discarded.'^  In  the  same  year  the'  number  of  foreign 
annuitants  was  increased  by  the  coming  of  Eleanor's  brother,  the  Infante 
Don  Henry  who  had  fled  from  Spain  after  an  unsuccessful  revolt  against 
Alphonso.*  «  The  King,"  says  the  same  author,  "  according  to  his  custom 
towards  all  foreigners,  opened  the  bosom  of  consolation,  and  ordered  all 
necessaries  to  be  abundantly  suppUed  to  him :  and  entrusted  him  and  his 

1  Liberate,  40  Hen.  3,  m.  15.  Martinez,  his  knights,  clerics,  and  Serjeants  had  also  a  livery  of 
gowns  at  the  King's  expense.    Ibid.  m.  19.  2  Claus.  40  Hen.  3,  m.  19. 

»  Claus.  40  Hen.  3,  n.  8.  A  similar  mandate  to  the  Sheriflf  of  Kent  (to  give  him  a  free  passage) 
was  issued  in  January.   Liberate  40  Hen.  3,  m.  15. 

*  Claus.  39  Hen.  3,  m.  6,  in  dorse.  s  ]y[_  p^rig^  ggo. 


Ixv 

followers  to  the  charge  of  William  Bonquer,  knight,  who  knew  the  Spaniards 
and  their  manners  and  customs,  having  been  several  times  ambassador  from 
the  King  of  England  to  the  King  of  Spara." '  Contemporary  records  prove 
the  truth  of  this  statement ;  in  August  1256  the  Sheriff  of  Oxford  was 
ordered  to  pay  Bonquer  thirty  marks  for  Don  Henry's  expenses,^  and  in 
October  the  King  gave  him  a  hundred  marks.'  Yet  at  this  very  juncture 
Henry  was  resorting  to  all  expedients  to  replenish  his  treasury  exhausted  by 
the  enormous  expense  of  his  expedition  to  Guienne,  and  by  the  futile  efforts 
he  was  now  making  to  place  his  second  son  Edmund  on  the  throne  of  Sicily. 
His  debts,  as  he  said  himself,  amounted  to  two  or  three  hundred  thousand 
marks  "  it  was  horrible  to  think  of  them.""*  In  this  state  of  things  his 
attempts  at  retrenchment  in  some  matters  were  as  ridiculous  as  his  lavish 
expenditure  in  others.  Guy  de  Lusignan,  Henry's  uterine  brother,  offered  as 
his  mite  towards  paying  off  the  royal  creditors,  to  be  content  with  one  gown, 
instead  of,  perhaps  two  or  three,  for  the  feast  of  Christmas  1256:  the  King 
caught  eagerly  at  this  generous  proposal  and  directed  his  tailor  Roger  to 
deliver  him  but  one,  which  however  was  to  be  in  every  way  suitable  "  to  so 
great  a  man."" 

The  poverty  of  the  father  was  shared  by  the  son.  For  although  Henry 
had  settled  Guienne,  Ireland,  Wales  and  Chester  upon  Edward,  and  calcu- 
lated his  annual  revenue  therefrom  at  fifteen  thousand  marks,^  it  is  more 
than  probable  the  Prince  did  not  derive  so  much  from  these  grants.  Guienne 
was  still  unquiet  and  certainly  impoverished ;  Ireland  the  mere  shadow  of 
a  possession,;  and  the  Welsh  who  had  been  goaded  into  revolt  had  over- 
run the  principality  of  Chester  which,  though  the  smallest,  was,  perhaps, 
the  most  profitable  of  his  territories.'  The  dower  of  Eleanor  was  only  a 
thousand  pounds  a  year  arising  from  the  castles  and  towns  of  Grantham, 

'  M.  Paris,  800.  »  Liberate,  40  Hen.  3.  m.  4.  ^  Ibid.  m.  2. 

*  So  he  told  the  poor  Jews  when  they  were  summoned  before  him  in  1255.    M.  Paris,  776. 

s  Quia  Guydo  de  Lezingnano  nuper  dixit  coram  Rege,  quod,  ad  exonerationem  debitorum  Regis, 
contentus  esse  voluit  de  unica  roba  ad  corpus  suum  proprium  contra  instans  festum  Natalis  Domini ; 
mandatum  est."  &c.     Claus.  40  Hen.  3,  m.  1 9. 

•  M.  Paris,  776  '  Ibid.  805. 

k 


Ixvi 

Stamford,  the  Peak  and  Tickhill.'  Edward's  pecuniary  means  were  in- 
sufficient for  the  payment  of  bis  retainers,  who  consequently  indemnified 
themselves  by  plundering  in  every  direction,  and  their  excesses  became  so 
grievous  thsft  the  tyranny  of  Henry  seemed  to  grow  petty  compared  with 
the  outrageous  proceedings  of  the  followers  of  his  son.^  Matthew  Paris 
describes  the  family  of  Edward  to  have  been  composed  of  a  rabble  rout  of 
ruffians  and  robbers,  who  plundered  the  pack-horses  and  carts  of  merchants 
and  seized  by  force  the  provisions  of  their  fellow  countrymen.  The  conduct 
of  the  Prince  himself  encouraged  their  insubordination.  The  same  author 
relates,  as  one  of  many  instances  of  his  cruelty,  that  in  travelling  in  a  quiet 
district  in  time  of  peace  he  ordered  his  servants  to  stop  a  youth  whom  he 
met  on  the  road,  and  to  cut  off  his  ears  and  put  out  one  of  his  eyes ;  and 
this  from  mere  ferocity.'  Such  was  the  youthful  character  of  the  monarch 
whose  wise  proceedings  in  after  years  have  obtained  him  the  honourable  name 
of  the  English  Justinian;  and  such  the  family  into  which  Eleanor  at  the 
age  of  fifteen  passed  from  the  court  of  her  brother. 

,  From  the  year  1256  to  the  time  when  she  accompanied  her  husband  to 
the  Holy  Land,  Eleanor's  name  is  scarcely  mentioned  by  contemporary 
writers,  except  to  record  the  births  of  her  children.  In  1258  Edward's 
poverty  obliged  him  to  mortgage  his  best  possessions  to  William  de  Valence 
his  father's  uterine  brother.''  During  the  contest  between  Henry  the  Third 
and  his  barons  Eleanor  resided  chiefly  at  Windsor  Castle,  which  she  was 
compelled  to  quit  for  Westminster  after  the  battle  of  Lewes  in  1264.'  In 
the  following  year  Montfort  obliged  Edward  to  yield  him  the  principality  of 
Chester  and  the  Castle  and  Honoxir  of  Peak  under  colour  of  an  exchange.' 
By  the  King's  order  apartments  were  constructed  in  Guildford  Castle,  for 
Eleanor's  accommodation,  in  1268 ;''  and  in  1271  she  sailed  with  her  husband 
for  Syria.^ 

The  attempted  assassination  of  Edward  at  Acre,  in  1272,  has  been  often 

'  Foedera,  vol.  1.  pt.  i.  p.  304.  '  M.  Paris,  805.  3  Ibid.  806.  i  Ibid.  827. 

s  Foedera,  vol.  i.  pt.  1.  p.  443.  6  Pat.  49  Hen.  3.  m.  18. 

'  Liberate,  52  Hen.  3.  m.  11.  s  jj  pj^^jj  gjg^ 


Ixvii 

related  with  the  addition  of  his  cure  having  been  eflFected  by  the  heroism  of 
Eleanor,  who  sucked  the  venom  from  his  wound.  This  story  is  not  found 
in  any  of  our  historians  before  the  time  of  Camden,  who  first  published  it  in 
his  "  Britannia,"  upon  the  authority  of  an  author  whom  he  cites  under  the 
name  of  Rodericus  Toletanus.'  The  Chronicle  of  Roderic,  Archbishop  of 
Toledo,  a  work  by  no  means  difiicult  of  access,  was  terminated  by  its  author, 
as  he  himself  states,  in  1243,  twenty-eight  years  before  the  occurrence  he  is 
supposed  to  have  recorded.  As  it  is  impossible  that  a  writer  of  Camden's 
respectability  should  have  invented  the  fiction,  we  can  only  account  for  its 
appearance  in  his  work  by  supposing  he  might  have  seen  it  in  some  other 
Spanish  chronicle,  or  in  a  continuation  of  Roderic's  annals  which  has, 
hitherto,  escaped  notice.  But  although  the  venerable  author  of  the  "  Bri- 
tannia" may  be  readily  acquitted  of  any  disposition  to  impose  upon  the 
world,  it  is  not  the  less  certain  there  are  no  sufficient  reasons  for  crediting 
the  tale.  The  silence  of  every  contemporary  writer  respecting  an  event 
which,  had  it  really  taken  place,  could  not  have  failed  to  reach  the  ears  and 
excite  the  admiration  of  aU,  is  fatal  to  its  credibility,  while  the  particulars 
furnished  by  Hemingford  and  Wikes^  respecting  the  method  of  Edward's 

'  Gough's  Camden,  vol.  ii.  pp.  8-26. 
^  Hemingford,  after  narrating  the  attempt  of  the  murderer,  proceeds  thus ;  "  Accurrensque  statim 
magister  militise  Templi,  dedit  ei  pretiosa  quaeque  libere,  ne  infusum  venenum  noceret,  et  ne  in 
interiora  ascenderet.  Et  increpando  dixit,  nonne  praedixi  tibi  seditionem  populi  hujus  ?  Adjecitque 
ad  hsec,  confortare  tamen,  et  noli  timere,  quoniam  ex  isto  veneno  non  morieris.  Vocantur  ergo 
chirurgici,  et  medicamenta  imponunt,  set  post  dies  paucos,  videntes  denigrescere  camem,  mussitave- 
runt  inter  se,  nee  erat  ulla  laetitia  in  populo  suo  :  quod  ills  perpendens  dixit  eis,  quid  est  quod  mussi- 
tatis,  nonne  sanari  possum  ?  Dicite  mihi,  nee  timeatis.  Et  ait  unus  natione  Anglus,  curari  potes,  set 
oportet  te  dura  pati.  Et  ille,  si  passus  sum  quidem  fuero,  numquid  sanitatem  promittis  ?  Et  ait, 
promitto  quidem,  et  sub  poena  capitis  mei ;  et  ait,  committo  ergo  me  tibi,  et  expete  qusecunque  vo- 
lueris:  et  ille,  numquid  sunt  aliqui  ex  magnatibus  tuis  in  quibus  confidis.  At  ille  nomiaavit  multos 
ex  eircumstantibus.  Circumsteterunt  enim  eum  Magnates  plurimi  cum  uxore  sua.  Et  ait  duobus 
primo  nominatis,  Domino  scilicet  Edmundo,  et  Domino  Johanni  de  Vescy,  numquid  et  vos  diligitis 
Dominum  vestrum,  et  dixerunt  utique.  Et  ait,  toUite  ergo  mulierem  banc,  et  non  videat  earn  Domi- 
nus  ejus,  quousque  dixero  vobis.  Tulerunt  ergo  earn  flentem  et  ejulantem  ;  et  dixerunt,  sine  Domina, 
melius  est  quod  tu  eflfundas  lachrymas,  quam  quod  lachrymetur  tota  terra  Anglicana.  Mane  autem 
faeto  incidit  denigratam  carnem  braehii  sui  et  projeeit  ex  toto ;  et  ait,  confortare,  quoniam  promitto 
tibi,  quod  infra  xv.  dies  manifestabis  te,  et  equum  ascendes,    Tenuitque  quod  promisit  et  admirati 


Ixviii 

cure,  are  too  minute,  and  possess  a  character  of  authenticity  too  peculiar,  to 
excite  the  slightest  doubt  of  their  correctness. 

The  death  of  Henry  the  Third  in  1272,  while  Edward  was  yet  in  the 
Holy  Land,  raised  Eleanor  to  the  dignity  of  Queen  Consort  of  England. 
On  her  return  from  the  East  in  1273  she  visited  her  brother  Alphonso,'  and 
in  the  following  year  was  crowned  with  her  husband  at  Westminster  with  a 
degree  of  splendour  unexampled  in  the  annals  of  England. 

In  1279,  Eleanor  inherited  the  county  of  Ponthieu  in  right  of  her  mother, 
Joan,  widow  of  Ferdinand  the  Third,  King  of  Castile  and  Leon,  who  died 
at  Abbeville  in  that  year.  On  this  occasion  the  King  and  Queen  repaired 
to  France,  and  at  an  interview  with  Philip  Le  Hardi,  at  Amiens,  Edward  did 
homage  to  him  for  this  new  acquisition,  as  well  as  for  the  districts  of  Le 
Limousin,  Perigord,  Saintonge  and  Agenois,  which  were  ceded  to  him  by 
treaty. 

From  this  period  we  hear  nothing  of  Eleanor,  beyond  a  few  unimportant 
notices  of  her  health,  which  occur  in  the  letters  which  passed  between 
Edward  and  Alphonso  and  are  printed  in  the  Fcedera,  until  1286  when  she 
accompanied  her  husband  to  Guienne.  During  their  residence  in  that  pro- 
vince the  King  and  Queen  narrowly  escaped  death  by  lightening.  They 
were  sitting  conversing,  on  the  bedside,  when  the  electric  fluid,  entering  a 
window  in  their  rear,  passed  between  them  and  killed  two  damsels  standing 
in  the  presence.^  From  a  roll  preserved  in  the  Exchequer  we  glean  a  few 
curious  particulars  of  her  during  the  same  year.  Edward's  New  Year's  gift 
to  Eleanor  in  1286  was  a  cup  of  gold,  weighing  three  marks  and  a  half,  and 
worth  twenty-three  pounds,  six  shillings  and  eightpence.     On  the  feast  of  the 

sunt  universi."  Gale,  ii.,  591.  Wikes  says,  "evocati  statim  medici  in  avce  peritissimi  vulnera  sua 
congruo  medicamine  fomentabant,  mundique  redemptor,  in  se  credentium  qui  vera  salus  est,  qui  ut  ait 
Propheta  vere  languores  nostras  tulit,  et  dolores  nostras  portavit  in  corpore  sue  super  lignum,  tarn 
efficax  et  optimum  gratiaa  suae  concessit  antidotum,  ut  vulnera  sua,  quae  cunctorum  judicio  censebantur 
incurabilia,  modico  tempore  curarentur."     lb.  p.  97. 

'  Fcedera,  vol.  i.  pt.  ii.  p.  503.  2  chron.  de  Lanercost,  p.  124. 


Ixix 

Circumcision  (1st.  Jan.)  he  presented  her  a  pitcher  of  gold,  enamelled  and  set 
with  precious  stones,  which  was  purchased  of  WiUiam  Farringdon,  goldsmith 
of  London.  During  the  same  year  Eleanor  offered  fermails  or  brooches  of 
considerable  value  at  the  shrine  of  St.  Ethelwold  at  Ceme,  6th  of  December ; 
St.  Richard  at  Chichester,  31st  of  March;  St.  Denis,  29th  of  May;  St. 
Edmund  at  Pontigny,  14th  of  August;  and  St.  Martin  of  Tours,  27th  of 
August;  she  visited  also  the  shrines  of  St.  Wuliran  at  Abbeville,  the  chief 
city  of  her  county  of  Ponthieu,  and  of  St.  Eutrope  at  Xaintes.' 

Among  the  presents  given  to  Edward  by  the  King  of  France,  in  the  same 
year,  were  a  coronet  of  gold  set  with  sapphires,  emeralds,  rubies  and  pearls, 
which  he  sent  into  England  for  his  daughter  Eleanor;  and  two  cloths  of 
gold  which  he  gave,  immediately,  to  the  Queen.  The  Bishop  of  Exeter 
presented  a  silver  gilt  cup  with  a  foot  and  cover,  which  became  the  property 
of  the  Lady  de  la  Plaunche,  Eleanor's  cousin,  and  the  Visitor  of  the  Temple 
in  France  gave  a  chess-board^  and  men  of  jasper  and  crystal,  probably  of 
eastern  workmanship ;  this  Edward  rehnquished  to  the  Queen.' 

In  May  1290  was  celebrated  the  marriage  of  Eleanor's  daughter  Joan, 
surnamed  of  Acre,  to  the  Earl  of  Gloucester,  and  in  the  following  July  that 
of  Margaret,  her  fifth  daughter,  to  John,  son  of  the  Duke  of  Brabant.  Both 
ceremonies  were  conducted  with  much  splendour,  and  a  multitude  of  min- 
strels flocked  from  all  parts  to  Westminster :  to  the  first  came  King  Grey 
of  England,  King  Caupenny*  from  Scotland,  and  Poveret,  the  minstrel 
of  the  Mareschal  of  Champagne.     The  nuptials  of  Margaret,  however,  seem 


'  The  total  value  of  the  brooches  oSfered  or  given  as  presents  by  Edward  and  Eleanor,  in  this  year, 
was  £135.  5s.  id.  They  were  all  purchased  of  William  Farringdon,  goldsmith  of  London  :  besides 
this  they  spent  £631.  2s.  id\.  for  other  jewelry. 

'  A  common  present  in  those  times.  The  Countess  of  Ponthieu,  Eleanor's  mother,  gave  Henry 
the  Third  an  ivory  board  and  chess-men  "  of  Sarracenic  workmanship,"  which  his  sister  Isabella 
carried  into  Germany  on  her  marriage  with  the  Emperor  Frederic  II.  Rot.  Miscell,  in  Turr.  .Lond. 
No.  25. 

'  These  particulars  are  from  a  roll  in  the  custody  of  the  Queen's  Remembrancer,  marked  W.  N. 
1865.  *  See  the  Roll  of  Minstrels  printed  p.  140  seq. 


Ixx 

to  have  eclipsed  those  of  her  sister.  Walter  de  Storton,  the  King's  harper 
distributed  a  hundred  pounds,  the  gift  of  the  bridegroom,  among  four  hun- 
dred and  twenty-six  minstrels,  "  as  weU  English  as  others;"  and  this  nu- 
merous band  of  itinerant  professors  of  mirth  and  song  were  aided,  in  their 
endeavours  to  amuse,  by  the  Fool  of  the  Comte  of  Artois  andBastin  Noblet, 
the  dancer  of  Liege.' 

The  same  accounts  which  supply  these  curious  facts,  present  us  also  with 
some  valuable  illustrations  of  the  simple  manners  of  the  court  and  of  the 
personal  character  of  Edward.     We  find  that  seven  of  Eleanor's  ladies  in 
waiting  and  maids  of  honour,  setting  at  nought  the  Kingly  majesty,  proceeded 
to  his  chamber  on  Easter  Monday,   1290,  laid  violent  hands  on  him,  and 
carried  into  effect  the  popular  and  practical  joke   of  "  hfting"  or  "heaving" 
the  monarch  until  he  consented  to  pay  them  a  fine  of  fourteen  pounds  to 
to  enjoy  "  the  King's  peace;"  and  be  set  at  liberty .^     On  the  marriage  day 
of  his  daughter  Margaret  the  King  lost  his  temper  and  struck  an  esquire 
on  the  head  with  a  rod,  but  without  just  cause.     He  afterwards  gave  him 
thirteen  pounds  six  shillings  and  eight  pence  as  some  reparation   for  the 
injury  he  had  done  him.     We  may  reasonably  infer  it  could  have  been  no 
shght  knock  that  needed  so  costly  a  plaster.'    Edward,  unlike  his  father, 
was  passionately  addicted  to  the  chace.    Tradition  long  preserved  the  me- 
mory of  his  great  hunt  in  Inglewood  forest,  when  he  is  said  to  have  slain 
two  hundred  deer.*     We  find  him  chasing  the  stag  in  his  mother's  park  at 
Bridgestock  and  killing  her  forester's  horse  with  hard  riding.^     On  another 
occasion  when  starting  for  the  hunt  at  Fingringhoe  in  Essex,  his  washerwoman, 
Matilda  of  Waltham,  chanced  to  be  present.    The  scene  is  readily  imagined ; 
the  dogs  are  being  coupled ;  horses  are  saddUng,  courtiers  mounting ;  and 
the  King  in  a  happy  mood,  with  pleasant  anticipation  of  the  sport  to  come, 
is  impatient  to  be  oiF;  while  the  females  of  the  manor  are  assembled  around 
to  see  the  royal  train  depart.     Among  them  the  merry  monarch  espies  the 

1  Wardrobe  Book,  18  Edw.  I.  Rot.  Miscell.  in  Turr.  Lend.  No.  56, 

2  Wardrobe  Book,  18  Edw.  I.,  fol.  45  b.     This  fact  was  communicated  to  the  Antiquarian  Society 
by  Mr.  Lysons,  and  is  noticed  in  Brand's  Popular  Antiquities,  by  Ellis,  vol.  1.  p.  154. 

'  Ibid.  *  Chron.  de  Lanercost,  p.  106.  *  Wardrobe  Book,  18  Edw.  I. 


Ixxi 

laundress  Matilda,  and  straitway  wagers  a  fleet  hunter  that  she  will  not  ride  it 
to  the  chase  and  be  in  at  the  death.  "  Done,"  cries  the  bold  Matilda  and  off 
they  start ;  she  rides  like  a  feariess  forester,  wins  the  bet  and  Edward  ransoms 
his  steed  for  forty  shillings.' 

Queen  Eleanor  died  in  the  house  of  Richard  de  Weston,  at  Harby  or 
Hardby  in  Nottinghamshire,*  on  the  28th  of  November,  1290.'  She  was 
accompanying  her  husband  in  his  journey  to  Scotland,  whither  he  was  pro- 
ceeding to  settle  the  dispute  respecting  the  succession  to  the  Scottish  throne, 
which  the  rival  candidates,  imfortunately  for  themselves,  had  referred  to  his 
arbitration.  On  the  28th  of  October,  we  find  a  payment  of  one  mark  to 
Henry  of  Montpellier  "  for  syrup  and  other  medicines"  purchased  at  Lin- 
coln for  the  Queen's  use.''  During  her  illness  she  was  attended  by  her 
household  physician,  master  Leopard,  or  Leopardi,  probably  an  Italian, 
to  whom  she  bequeathed  the  sum  of  twenty  marks,  and  also  by  a  leech  in 
the  service  of  the  King  of  Arragon  to  whom  she  gave  a  cup  worth  twelve 
marks  and  a  half.*  Her  bowels  were  interred  in  Lincoln  Cathedral  on  the 
2nd  of  December,^  and  Edward  postponing  his  intended  journey  returned 
with  her  remains,  by  slow  stages,  to  London.  The  account  left  us  by  the 
annaUst  of  Dunstable  of  the  circumstances  attending  the  arrival  of  the 
fimeral  train  at  his  monastery  represents,  generally,  what  occurred  at  every 
place  where  the  procession  halted.  After  noticing  the  death  of  the  Queen, 
he  says  "  her  body  passed  through  our  town,  and  rested  one  night.  And 
two  precious  cloths,  to  wit,  baudekyns,  were  given  unto  us.  Of  wax  we  had 
eighty  pounds  and  more.^  *  *  *  And  when  the  body  of  the  said  Queen  was 
departing  from  Dunstable,  the  bier  rested  in  the  centre  of  the  market  place 
until  the  King's  chancellor  and  the  great  men  then  and  there  present  had 
marked  a  fitting  place  where  they  might  afterwards  erect,  at  the  royal  ex- 
pense, a  cross  of  wonderful  size.   Our  prior  being  then  present  and  sprinkling 


'  Wardrobe  Book,  1 8  Edw.  I.  fol.  47  b.  ^  Rolls  of  Parliament,  vol.  i.  p.  96. 

'  Walslngham,  p.  54. — Chron.  de  Lanercost,  p.  137. 

*  Wardrobe  Book,  18  Edw.  I.  fol.  13.  '  See  p.  102  seq.  ^  Chron.  de  Lanercost,  p.  137. 

'  There  are  numerous  payments  in  the  Executors'  accounts  for  wax  distributed  to  the  clergy. 


Ixxii 

holy  water."'  Eleanor  was  buried  at  the  feet  of  Henry  the  Third  in  West- 
minster Abbey  on  the  10th  of  December,  and  on  the  12th  of  the  same  month 
her  heart  was  deposited  in  the  church  of  the  Black  Friars  of  London/  where 
a  chapel  seems  to  have  been  afterwards  constructed  for  its  reception.' 

There  is  every  reason  to  believe  that  Edward  was  sincerely  attached  to  his 
deceased  consort.  During  an  union  of  thirty-six  years  they  had  never  been 
separated,  excepting  for"  a  few  months  while  the  Prince  was  a  prisoner  in  the 
hands  of  the  Earl  of  Leicester.  The  King's  letter  to  the  Abbot  of  Clugny 
desiring  prayers  for  the  soul  of  her  "  whom  living  he  loved  dearly,  and  whom 
dead  he  shall  never  cease  to  love,"*  has  been  often  cited,  as  a  proof  of  his 
tenderness  and  sorrow,  by  writers  who  were  probably  not  aware  that  it 
is  little  more  than  one  of  those  formal  circulars,  couched  in  phraseology 
appropriated  to  such  documents,  which  it  was  customary  to  issue  upon  the 
decease  of  a  royal  personage.  We  have  far  better  evidence  of  Edward's 
affection  for  Eleanor  than  the  verbiage  and  common  places  of  a  record. 

If  we  look  to  the  writers  contemporary  with  Eleanor  for  any  particulars 
of  her  character  we  shall  be  disappointed.  They  afford  the  brief,  and,  as  far 
as  it  goes,  satisfactory  information  that  she  was  chaste  and  pious ;  but  the 
annalist  of  Dunstable,  who  is  equally  worthy  of  credit  with  the  rest,  alluding 
neither  to  her  devotion  nor  her  virtue,  notes  that  she  was  by  birth  a  Spaniard 
and  that  she  acquired  many  rich  manors ; '  an  equivocal  observation,  which 
speaks  as  much  for  Edward's  generosity  as  for  her  own  deserts.  From 
the  pen  of  Walsingham,  who  wrote  at  the  distance  of  a  century  and  a 
half  from  the  period  of  her  death,  we  have  a  panegyric  of  Eleanor,  suspicious 
from  its  rhetorical  flourish,  and  still  more  suspicious  if  we  consider  the  age 
of  its  author.^ 

Of  the  thirteen  children  of  Edward  and  Eleanor,  four  sons  and  nine  daughters, 
six  only  survived  their  mother,  viz.,  Edward,  who  succeeded  to  her  county 

1  Ann.  de  Dunstaple,  ii.,  586.  "  Chron.  de  Lanercoat,  p.  138.  s  See  p.  \03.seq. 

*  Foedera,  vol.  i.  pt.  ii.  p.  743.  »  Ann.  de  Dunstaple,  ii.  586.  «  Walsingham,  p.  54 


Ixxiii 

of  Ponthieu,  Eleanor,  Countess  of  Bar,  Joan,  Countess  of  Gloucester,  Mar- 
garet, Duchess  of  Brabant,  Mary,  who  became  a  nun  at  Amesbury,  and 
Elizabeth,  Countess  of  Holland,  afterwards  the  wife  of  Humphrey  de  Bohun, 
Earl  of  Hereford  and  Essex. 

The  documents  to  which  this  notice  is  introductory  are  three  rolls  con- 
taining the  accounts  of  the  executors  of  Eleanor's  will,  from  which  we  may 
collect  the  general  character  of  that  instrument,  -w^hich  has  not  yet  been 
discovered.  It  is  important  to  observe,  however,  that  all  their  expenditure 
was  not  made  in  pursuance  of  the  Queen's  testamentary  directions.  The 
payments  may  be  divided  into  three  classes,  viz.,  1.  bequests ;  2.  donations 
by  her  executors,  in  the  exercise  of  a  discretionary  power  to  carry  into  effect 
all  the  Queen's  presumed  intentions,  and  to  provide  for  the  repose  of  her 
soul ;  and  3.  payments  directed  by  the  King,  generally  in  relation  to  his  deceased 
consort,  but  occasionally  for  other  objects.  The  funds  available  for  these 
purposes  were  the  debts  due  to  the  Queen  at  her  death,'  the  revenues  of 
her  manors,  and  occasional  grants  in  aid  from  the  exchequer.^  The  items 
contained  in  the  first  and  second  divisions  are  not  without  interest,  and  shew 
in  particular  the  munificent  eleemosynary  provision  for  the  establishment  of 
a  perpetual  church  service  for  the  deceased  Queen.  As  the  accounts  can  be 
readily  perused  we  shall  entirely  pass  over  these  and  other  less  important 
details,'  and  confine  our  remaining  observations  to  the  entries  which  con- 
stitute the  chief  value  of  the  rolls,  viz.,  those  which  relate  to  the  building  of 
the  crosses  erected  in  memory  of  Eleanor,  and  the  casting  of  the  effigies  on 
her  tombs  at  Westminster,  the  Black  Friars  and  Lincoln.  From  them  we 
now  first  learn  the  names  of  the  architects  of  the  crosses  and  the  designer 


'  Pat.  12  Edw.  I.  ID.  19.  ^  Liberate  Rolls,  subsequent  to  the  18th  of  Edw.  I.,  passim. 

2  We  may  notice,  however,  a  payment  of  40s.  to  Richard  du  Marche,  an  illuminator,  for  illumi- 
nating a  psalter,  and  for  a  pair  of  tablets,  for  the  Queen  (p.  103);  also  a  payment  of  100s.  to  David 
of  Aberconway  for  making  a  chamber  in  the  Abbey  there,  according  to  directions  given  by  Eleanor 
herself  (p.  107)  :  and  another  of  40s.  for  writing  two  schedules  containing  certain  indulgences, 
granted  by  divers  prelates,  for  the  soul  of  the  Queen  (p.  137).  Adam,  the  royal  goldsmith,  is  paid 
6H.  13s.  id.  for  work  done  upon  certain  books  (p.  139). 

1 


IxxiV 

of  the  eflSgies :  they  shew  that  much  if  not  all  the  merit  of  the  former  is 
due  to  Englishmen,  and  that  the  latter  were,  probably,  the  production  of  an 
Italian.  As  most  writers,  however,  who  have  touched  upon  the  subject, 
attribute  all  these  works  to  foreigners,  it  may  not  be  altogether  out  of  place 
to  offer  a  few  remarks  upon  the  state  of  art  in  England  during  the  thirteenth 
century,  with  the  view  of  placing  our  ancient  professors  of  the  pencil  and 
chisel  on  higher  ground  than  they  have  hitherto  occupied.  It  is  a  rea- 
sonable cause  of  surprise  that,  with  the  ample  materials  extant,  we  have  not 
yet ,  had  a  comprehensive  treatise  on  a  subject  which  richly  deserves  more 
extended  illustration  than  we  can  pretend  to  give  it. 

Henry  the  Third  may  be  truly  said  to  have  been  the  first  Engjish  monarch 
who  paid  any  great  attention  to  architecture,  sculpture  and  painting.  It  is 
probable  that  at  his  accession  to  the  throne  all  the  royal  residences  were  in 
a  dilapidated  condition;  it  is  certain  that  during  a  long  reign  he  devoted 
much  care  and  large  sums  to  rebuilding,  enlarging  and  decorating  them. 
There  is  positive  evidence  that  the  works  carried  on  at  the  regal  castles  and 
houses  of  Clarendon,  Guildford,  Havering,  Kennington,  Marlborough,  West- 
minster, Windsor  and  Woodstock  were  chiefly  the  result  of  his  individual 
taste.  All  matters,  from  the  size  and  style  of  a  window  to  the  dimensions 
of  a  room,  and  the  paintings  on  its  walls,  were  executed  according  to  his  own 
directions,  often  given  orally  to  his  officers,  and,  fortunately  for  posterity, 
almost  always  reduced  into  writing,  a  circumstance  consequent  upon  the 
fiscal  arrangements  of  the  times,  which  may  be  briefly  explained. 

The  only  certain  revenue  enjoyed  by  our  ancient  sovereigns  arose  from 
three  sources ;  the  demesne  lands  of  the  crown — the  profits  accruing  firom 
the  administration  of  justice — and  the  operation  of  the  feudal  system  of 
tenures,  which  has  been  often  explained,'  The  collectors  of  the  monies 
arising  from  these  various  quarters,  were  the  sheriffs  of  towns  and  counties, 
and  the  farmers  of  the.  King's  lands.  These  persons  accounted  at  the  Ex- 
chequer once  in  the  year,  at  the  feast  of  St.  Michael.  In  consequence  of 
this  arrangement  the  greater  part  of  the  royal  expenditure  was  made 
through  them:    to  use  a  familiar  comparison  they  acted  as  bankers  and 


bcxv 

agents  to  the  sovereign,  whose  necessities  compelled  him  to  anticipate  the 
revenues  they  had  in  charge.  Thus  did  the  King  require  provisions  for  the 
celebration  of  those  solemn  festivals,  when  he  held  his  cows  plenieres,  he 
dispatched  writs  to  the  bailiffs  of  such  towns  as  Kingston,  St.  Albans, 
Wycombe  or  Hertford,  commanding  them  to  make  him  so  much  household 
bread ;  to  the  sheriffs  of  counties  to  send  him  supplies  of  the  meat,  poultry, 
game  or  fish  for  which  their  respective  districts  were  famous ;  did  he  require 
wearing  apparel,  his  sheriffs  and  bailiffs  bought  him  broad  cloths  and  silks  at 
the  great  fairs  of  Boston,  Winchester  or  St.  Ives  j  and  was  a  new  oriel  to  be 
made  in  the  hall  at  Woodstock,  a  chimney  or  a  chapel  to  be  built  at  Claren- 
don, or  the  parable  of  Dives  and  Lazarus  to  be  painted  on  the  wainscoting 
of  the  privy  chamber  at  Guildford,'  it  was  the  sheriff  or  bailiff  who  had  to 
see  it  executed,  and  to  hire  and  pay  the  artists  and  workmen.  At  the  ap- 
pointed time  these  officers  presented  themselves  at  the  Exchequer :  the 
Treasurer  demanded  an  account  of  their  receipts  during  the  year,  and  they 
claimed  to  be  allowed  what  they  had  expended,  producing  for  every  payment 
the  royal  precept  by  virtue  of  which  it  had  been  made.  If  they  could  shew 
no  authority  for  a  disbursement,  or  if  they  had  exceeded  the  directions  it 
gave,  in  the  one  case  their  claim  was  refused,  in  the  other  disallowed  as 
respected  any  excess  :  thus  when  the  sheriffs  of  London  having. received  the 
King's  writ  for  the  execution  of  a  traitor,  caused  him  to  be  drawn  on  a  sledge 
to  Tyburn,  and  asked  allowance  for  the  hire  of  a  horse  and  manufacture  of 
the  sledge,  their  petition  was  refused,  because  Tyburn  was  not  mentioned  in 
the  writ.  In  this  simple  manner  the  accounts  were  adjusted.  In  general 
the  sheriffs  or  bailiffs  had  a  balance  to  pay  in ;  sometimes  they  had  expended 
aU  they  received.  The  writs  or  precepts  to  the  sheriffs  and  bailiffs  were 
enrolled  by  the  clerks  of  the  Chancellor,  and  from  the  series  of  such  enrol- 
ments,^  for  the  reign  of  Henry  the  Third,  Vertue  made  the  scattered  extracts 
relative  to  the  state  of  art  during  that  period  upon  which  Walpole  has 

>  Such  a  painting  was  executed  there,  opposite  the  King's  seat,  together  with "  "  figure  with 
beasts,"  perhaps  Daniel  in  the  lions'  den.    Liberate,  40  Hen,  3,  m.  15 

'  Known  as  the  Close  and  Liberate  Rolls ;  they  are  preserved  in  the  Tower,  as  far  as  the  reign 
of  Edward  IV. 


Ixxvi 

commented  in  the  Anecdotes  of  Painting  in  England.     Our  subsequent  ob- 
servations are  founded  upon  the  same  documents. 

Before  we  proceed  to  enquire  whether  the  architects  and  painters,  who  it 
seems  could  be  so  readily  found  by  sheriffs  and  bailiffs  in  all  parts  of  the 
country,  were  foreigners  or  natives,  we  may  advert  to  the  general  fallacy  that 
the  great  architects  dviring  the  times  in  question  were  ecclesiastics.  There 
can  be  no  doubt  but  that  the  cathedrals  and  monasteries,  erected  firom  the 
time  of  the  conquest  to  the  close  of  the  twelfth  century,  were  for  the  most 
part  designed  by  churchmen,  but  the  erection  of  these  buildings,  the  slow 
work  of  years,  had  by  the  time  of  their  completion  called  into  being  another 
and  very  dififerent  class  of  artists  :  it  was  a  great  school  in  which  the  mere 
workmen  or  masons  {cementarii)  became  practically  acquainted  with  those 
theoretical  principles,  which  had  been  scientifically  elaborated  by  the  church- 
man in  the  sohtude  of  his  cloister.  The  knowledge  thus  acquired  they  were 
not  long  in  applying  on  their  own  account,  and  it  was  extended  and  per- 
petuated by  their  apprentices.  Most  of  the  cementarii  whom  we  find 
employed  as  architects  during  the  thirteenth  century  came  from  cathedral 
cities,  and  the  neighbourhood  of  great  monasteries ;  from  places  distinguished 
by  magnificent  monuments  of  architectural  skill  and  splendour,  in  the  works 
of  which  they  had  been  employed,  as  their  masters  or  fathers  were  before 
them,  and  in  the  general  features  and  details  of  which  they  had  studied  as 
in  a  great  chart  the  sum  of  all  the  building  craft  of  their  time.  To  this  class 
of  architects  are  to  be  added  the  goldsmiths,  who,  like  their  Italian  brethren 
of  the  same,  or  a  somewhat  later  period,  generally  practised  as  architects, 
sculptors,  or  rather  modellers,'  and  painters. 


'  One  of  the  bills  of  Adam  of  Shoreditch,  the  goldsmith  of  Edward  I.,  is  yet  preserved  in  the  Tower 
(Rot.  Miscell.,  No.  71) ;  among  the  items  of  it  we  find  "  for  the  making  of  a  child  of  silver  riding  upon 
a  horse  of  silver,  made  in  the  likeness  of  the  lord  Edward  the  King's  son,  and  offered  by  the  King's 
order  at  the  shrine  of  St.  Alban,  in  the  present  year,  and  for  the  silver  applied  thereto,  together 
with  the  gilding  of  the  same  boy  and  horse,  and  weighing  in  all,  xxvij.s. — ^Ixxij.s."  This  account  is 
of  the  24th  and  25th  years  of  Edward's  reign.  The  same  Adam  charges  also  for  making  a  small  cross 
of  gold  fixed  on  the  sceptre  "  of  John  de  Balliol  late  King  of  Scotland ;"  and  for  a  great  ruby  and  a 
great  emerald  bought  for  the  coronet  of  the  King's  daughter,  the  Countess  of  Holland,  in  the  place 


Ixxvii 

ITie  number  of  native  artists,  of  every  description,  during  the  time  of 
Henry  the  Third  could  not  have  been  inconsiderable.  Architects,  painters 
and  carvers  in  wood  and  stone  must  have  been  easily  met  with  by  the  King's 
sheriffs  and  officers,  when  we  find  works  going  on,  simultaneously,  in  Berk- 
shire, Middlesex,  Surrey,  Essex  and  Oxfordshire.  Besides  the  royal  resi- 
dences other  buildings  of  some  pretension,  castles,  manor  houses,  monasteries 
and  parish  churches  were  in  progress  about  the  same  period;  who  were 
concerned  in  their  erection  ?  The  sheriffs  we  may  be  sure  did  not  import 
architects  and  painters  from  France  or  Italy,  nor  is  it  reasonable  to  suppose 
they  were  brought,  at  a  great  expense,  to  aid  in  the  decoration  of  churches 
and  other  edifices  in  remote  parts  of  the  country. 

The  most  effectual  method  of  testing  the  value  of  these  inferences  is  to  look 
into  the  documentary  evidence  on  which  they  are  founded,  and  to  note  the 
relative  proportion  of  English  and  foreign  artists  therein  mentioned.  It 
must  be  borne  in  mind,  however,  that  the  persons  to  be  employed  are  rarely 
designated  in  the  royal  precepts  ;  those,  therefore,  who  are  named  were  pro- 
bably the  most  eminent  men  of  the  time  in  their  respective  professions  ; 
mediocrity  is  seldom  in  request  and  never  immortalised  but  by  accident. 

We  find  but  two  names  which  are  certainly  foreign ;  John  of  St.  Omer 
and  Master  Wilham,  the  Florentine,  two  painters ;  the  latter  was  also  an 
architect  as  we  find  him  filling  the  post  of  master  of  the  works  at  Guildford. 
To  these  instances  may  be  opposed  a  number  of  names  undoubtedly  Enghsh. 
The  architects  of  Westminster  Abbey  were  Otho  the  goldsmith  and  Edward 
his  son,  who  went  by  the  names  of  Fitz  Otho,  and  Edward  of  Westminster. 
Walpole  supposed,  from  his  name,  that  Otho  was  an  ItaUan :  if  the  name  be 
any  certain  index  of  his  country,  he  was,  more  probably,  a  German.  We, 
however,  believe  that  Otho  was  an  EngUshman  by  birth,  if  not  by  descent. 
We  see  that  he  was  a  goldsmith,  and  in  those  times,  and  in  that  particular 
craft,  the  son  generally  succeeded  to  the  father.  Henry  the  Second  appointed 

of  two  stones  which  were  lost  when  "  the  King  cast  the  same  coronet  into  the  fire,  at  Ipswich,  in 
the  beginning  of  the  month  of  January."     Another  illustration  of  Edward's  temper :  see  p.  Ux.  ante. 


Ixxviii 

Otho  Young,  or  Le  Jeune,  to  make  the  dies  for  the  royal  mint,'  and  it  is  no 
great  stretch  of  probability  to  suppose  that  Otho,  the  goldsmith  of  Henry  the 
Third,  who  had  a  son  old  enough  to  assist  him  in  building  the  Abbey, 
might  have  been  himself  the  son  of  Otho  le  Jeune,  the  moneyer  of  Henry 
the  Second.  To  proceed  with  our  hst :  John  of  Gloucester,  a  mason  and 
statuary ;  William,  the  monk  of  Westminster,  who  painted  the  "  gestes"  of 
Antioch  for  Henry,  and  whom  Walpole  conjectured,  without  any  reason,  to 
have  been  the  person  elsewhere  called  William  the  Florentine;  master 
Walter  the  king's  painter;  William  of  Gloucester,  the  goldsmith  who  cast 
the  brass  figure  for  the  tomb  of  Catharine,  the  infant  daughter  of  Henry  the 
Third,  believed  to  have  been  the  first  of  the  kind  done  in  England  f  and 
Walter  of  Colchester,  sacristan  of  St.  Albans,  whom  Matthew  Paris,  him- 
self a  tolerable  draftsman,  terms  "  pictor  et  sculptor  incomparabilis"^  were 
all  Englishmen  and  generally  employed  by  Henry ;  doubtless  many  more 
names  might  be  found  upon  a  minuter  search  than  we  have  been  able  to  in- 
stitute :  the  rolls  now  published  mention  several  individuals  concerned,  as 
architects  and  statuaries,  in  the  erection  of  Eleanor's  crosses,  who  must  have 
been  contemporaries  of  the  persons  enumerated  above. 

Having  shewn  that  England  was  not  entirely  destitute  of  artists  in  the 
thirteenth  century,  we  may  now  consider  the  value  of  the  conjectures  which 
have  been  advanced  respecting  the  designer  of  Eleanor's  crosses  and  eifigies. 
All  writers  on  the  subject  concur  in  attributing  them  to  an  Itahan,  although, 
so  far  as  the  crosses  are  concerned,  we  believe  it  would  be  impossible  to 
point  out  any  one  contemporary  architectural  erection  in  Italy,  bearing  the 
slightest  resemblance  to  their  style.  Walpole,  whose  utter  darkness  on  the 
subject  of  English  mediaeval  art  was  relieved  only  by  the  ghmmerino-  light  of 
Vertue's  collections,  supposed  the  crosses  to  have  been  built  after  the  designs 
of  Pietro  Cavallini  "  whom,  from  various  circumstances,  he  (Vertue) 
discovered  to  be  the  architect  of  the  shrine  of  Edward  the  Confessor."* 
This  remarkable  discovery  is  soon  disposed   of.      According   to  the  best 

'  Pat.  47  Edw.  III.  pt.  ii.  m.  15.  2  Sepulchral  Monuments,  vol.  i.  pt.  1.  p.  50. 

'  M.  Par.  VitiE  Abb.  S.  Albani,  pp.1054-6.  *  Anecdotes  of  Painting,  Ed.  Dallaway,  vol.  i.  p.  31. 


Ixxix 

authorities  Cavallini  was  not  born  until  1279,  nine  years  after  the  completion 
of  the  shrine,  and  was,  therefore,  about  eleven  years  old  when  Eleanor  died. 
Mr.  Gough  thought  it  possible  the  same  artist  might  have  executed  the 
Confessor's  shrine,  the  tomb  of  Henry  the  Third  and  the  crosses  and  monu- 
ments of  Eleanor ;  but  he  rejected  their  attribution  to  Cavallini.' 

One  point  in  these  theories  is  remarkable,  an  anxiety  to  identify  the  de- 
signer of  the  shrine  with  the  author  of  the  later  works  ;  and  nothing  shews 
more  clearly  the  hap-hazard  manner  in  which  their  opinions  were  written, 
than  the  ignorance  of  Walpole  and  his  more  learned  successor  Gough  as  to 
whether  the  shrine  of  St.  Edward  was  constructed  by  Henry  the  Third  or  by 
Abbot  Ware.  A  reference  to  contemporary  chronicles,  the  most  cursory 
examination  of  the  same  authorities  from  which  Vertue  gleaned  his  notices  of 
painting  during  the  thirteenth  century,  would  have  satisfactorily  decided  the 
doubt.  The  shrine  of  the  Confessor  was  erected  at  the  expense  of  Henry ; 
it  was  begun  early  in  his  reign  and  not  completed  until  just  before  his  death  ; 
in  1269  he  solemnly  translated  the  body  of  the  royal  saint  from  its  old 
resting  place  into  the  golden  shrine  "  quod  ei  paraverat."^  This  statement  of 
the  continuator  of  Matthew  Paris  is  susceptible  of  the  most  absolute  proof. 
In  1236,  the  twentieth  year  of  his  reign,  we  find  Henry  ordering  his  Trea- 
surer to  see  that  an  image  "  ad  similitudinem  cujusdam  regiruB"  was  made 
after  the  fashion  of  one  previously  manufactured,  to  be  put  in  the  shrine.' 
The  superintendants  of  this  work  were  the  goldsmith  Otho  and  his  son 
Edward,  to  whom  we  have  before  alluded  as  the  architects  of  the  Abbey  : 
Otho  seems  to  have  died  during  the  progress  of  the  shrine.  In  1241  the 
King  directs  the  payment  to  "  his  beloved  clerk "  Edward  Fitz-Otho  of  a 
sufficient  sum  of  money  for  the  support  of  the  goldsmiths,  whom  he  had  in 
his  employ  at  Westminster.*  We  find  a  notice,  probably  of  nearly  the  same 
date,  that  sixty  marks  were  delivered  to  him  "  ad  operationes  pheretri  Beati 
Edwardi."^    This  work  proceeded  slowly  towards  completion  until  the  year 

I  Sepulchral  Monuments,  vol.  i.  pt.  i.  p.  5. 

»  M.  Paris,  857.  '  Claus.  20  Hen.  3,  m.  10.  *  Claus.  25  Hen.  3.  m.  9. 

'  Rot.  Miscell.  in  Turr.  Lond.  No.  21.  There  are  numerous  writs  relating  to  this  work  on  the 
Cloie  and  Liberate  Rolls. 


Ixxx 

1267,  when  Henry's  poverty  compelled  him  to  sell  and  pawn  many  of  this 
jewels  with  which  he  had  enriched  it.  An  inventory  of  the  valuables  thus 
abstracted  from  the  shrine  is  yet  preserved,  and  enables  us  to  form,  in  con- 
junction with  the  present  remains,  a  very  clear  idea  of  its  elaborate  magnifi- 
cence.' If  the  inscription  long  since  obHterated  but  preserved  by  Dart*  and 
copied  in  the  Anecdotes  of  Painting,'  be  authentic,  and  according  to  which, 
as  it  has  been  hitherto  read,  a  certain  "  Petrus  civis  Romanm"  executed  the 
shrine,  we  may  observe  that  the  expression  "  duxit  in  actum"  cannot  be 
strained  to  mean  more  than  that  a  Roman,  named  Peter,  finished  a  work, 
which  we  know  to  have  been  commenced  and  for  some  time  continued  by 
others.  The  appropriation  of  the  ornaments  of  the  shrine  to  the  relief  of 
Henry's  necessities  was  made  through  the  instrumentality  of  the  Papal 
Legate,  who  seems  to  have  managed  the  whole  affair.  When  those  orna- 
ments were  restored,  he  may  have  recommended  the  employment  of  an 
Italian,  who  could  have  done  no  more  than  perfect  a  design  ready  made  to 
his  hand. 

Having  shewn  that  the  shrine  of  St.  Edward  was  begun  at  least  sixty,  and 

'  Pat.  51  Hen.  3,  m.  5,  in  dorso.  As  this  inventory  has  never  been  printed  we  shall  here  notice 
some  of  the  articles  enumerated :  among  a  variety  of  ornaments,  are — an  image  of  St.  Edmund,  King, 
wearing  a  crown  set  with  two  large  sapphires,  a  balass  ruby,  and  other  precious  stones,  worth 
S6U. ; — an  image  of  a  King  with  a  balass  ruby  on  his  breast  and  other  small  stones,  48/?.  j — an 
image  of  a  King  holding  in  the  right  hand  a  flower,  with  sapphires  and  emeralds  in  the  middle  of  the 

crown  and  a  great  garnet  in  the  breast,  and  otherwise  set  with  pearls  and  small  stones,  56H.  4s.  Id. ; 

two  other  golden  images  of  Kings  set  with  garnets,  emeralds,  rubies  and  sapphires,  3li.  6s.  Sd.  ;— 
five  golden  angels,  worth  SOU. ;— an  image  of  the  Virgin  and  child,  set  with  rubies,  emeralds, 
sapphires  and  garnets,  200li.  ;— a  golden  image  of  a  King  holding  a  feretory  in  his  hand,  set  with 
precious  stones,  lOSli.  ;— also  an  image  of  a  King  holding  in  one  hand  a  cameo  with  two  heads,  in 
the  other  a  sceptre  set  with  rubies,  onyx  and  pearls,  lOOii;— and  an  image  of  St.  Peter  holding 
in  one  hand  a  church,  in  the  other  the  keys,  and  trampling  upon  Nero,  with  a  large  sapphire  in  his 
breast,  lOOH.;— there  are  mentioned  also  "a  most  fair  sapphire  "  weighing  52  pennyweights  and 
worth  lOOiJ. ;— one  great  cameo  in  a  golden  case  with  a  golden  chain,  200li. ;— another  cameo 
with  a  head,  80H. ;  there  were  in  all  55  large  cameos  of  which  the  subjects  aie  sometimes  named,  and 
prove  them  to  have  been,  in  all  probability,  antiques.  It  may  be  observed  that  the  seals  appended  to 
ancient  deeds  were  not  unfrequently  impressions  of  Greek  or  Roman  gems. 

'  History  of  Westminster  Abbey,  vol.  ii.  p.  25.  3  Vol.  1.  pp.  30-1. 


Ixxxi 

completed  twenty,  years  before  Eleanor's  decease,  we  thereby  provej  that 
the  author  of  that  work  could  not  have  been  identical  with  the  artist  of  the 
tomb  of  Henry  the  Third  and  the  crosses  and  eflBgies  of  the  Queen,  and  so 
extinguish  an  ignis  fatuus  that  has  long  bewildered  our  antiquarian  critics. 

With  respect  to  the  monument  of  Henry  the  Third  it  has  also  been 
supposed  that  when  Edward  the  First  returned  through  Italy  from  Syria,  he 
there  found  and  brought  with  him  to  England  some  sculptor  whom  he  em- 
ployed to  execute  the  tomb  of  his  father.  We  have  contemporary  testimony 
that  he  did  purchase  abroad  a  quantity  of  precious  material,  which  he  appUed 
to  the  decoration  of  that  work;'  but  no  notice  occurs  of  the  importation  of  a 
foreign  artist ;  that  has  been  presumed.  Now  it  must  be  evident  to  any  one 
who  shall  examine  the  effigies  of  Henry  and  Eleanor  that  they  were  de- 
signed by  the  same  person.  A  similar  style  of  handling  and  detail  pervades 
both  ;  both  are  distinguished,  particularly  about  the  head,  by  a  boldness  and 
simplicity  of  design  which  is  conclusive  evidence  of  their  being  the  produc- 
tions of  one  hand.  Let  us  enquire  how  far  this  presumption  is  supported  by 
facts.  From  the  Wardrobe  Book  of  the  18th  of  Edward,  we  learn  that 
Henry's  monument  was  not  completed  at  the  time  of  Eleanor's  death  :  there 
is  a  payment,  in  1290,  to  Master  Henry  of  Lewes  for  the  iron  work  of  "the 
tomb  of  King  Henry  ;"*  thus  supposing  the  work  to  have  been  commenced 
after  Edward's  return  to  England,  in  1274,  it  had  been  in  progress  about 
sixteen  3rears ;  the  probability,  however,  is  that  it  was  not  begun  so  early  : 
but  it  is  sufficient  for  the  support  of  our  opinion  that  the  operations  at 
Henry^s  tomb  were  incomplete  in  1290,  and  that  the  effigies  of  Eleanor  were 
in  hand  in  the  following  year :  dates,  facts  and  the  resemblance  of  the  style 
of  the  two  figures,  aU  strengthen  the  conclusion  that  they  were  designed  by 
the  same  individual.  After  stating  who  that  individual  was,  we  shall  be  able 
to  shew  that  the  documents  before  us  contain  passages  which  refer  apparently 
to  the  effigy  of  Henry  the  Third  as  proceeding  conjointly  with  the  figures  of 
Eleanor.  In  the  first  place,  however,  let  us  hear  Flaxman's  opinion  of  the 
statues  and  their  artist. 

>  Lei.  Coll.  i.  178,  246.    According  to  these  authorities  the  tomb  was  begun  in  1280. 
a  Comp.  Gard.  18  Edw.  I.,  Rot.  Miacell.  in.  Turr.  Lond.,  No.  56,  fol.  17. 

m 


Ixxxii  ^ 

"  The  statues  have  considerable  simphcity  and  delicacy :  they  partake  of 
the  character  and  grace  particularly  cultivated  in  the  school  of  Pisano,  and 
it  is  not  unUkely,  as  the  septdchral  statue  and  tomb  of  "Henry  III.  were  exe- 
cuted by  Italians,  that  these  statues'  of  Queen  Eleanor  might  have  been 
done  by  some  of  the  numerous  travelling  scholars  of  Pisano's  school."* 

This  appears  to  us  the  most  probable  of  the  mere  conjectures  hitherto 
advanced  upon  the  subject  in  question.  The  roUs  now  printed  inform  us 
that  the  designer  of  the  effigies  of  .Eleanor  for  Westminster  and  Lincoln  was 
one  Master  "  William  Torel,"  a  goldsmith ;  the  loose  manner  in  which  we 
find  all  Italian  and  Spanish  names  written  in  early  records,  justifies  the  pre- 
sumption that  his  real  name  was  Torrelli,  and  that  he  was  an  Italian  :  it  is 
not  impossible  that  he  may  have  been  identical  with  master  William  the 
Florentine  painter,  who,  as  we  have  already  seen,  was  employed  by  Henry 
the  Third,  towards  the  latter  end  of  his  reign ;  this  would  not  interfere  with 
the  supposition  that  he  was  a  pupil  of  Nicolo  Pisanoj  who  died  in  1264. 

In  some  of  the  entries  respecting  the  effigies  of  Eleanor  we  find  that  To- 
rel  was  engaged  also  upon  the  image  of  a  king :'  who  was  that  King  ?  the 
statue  of  Edward  was  not  placed  beside  that  of  his  consort  on  her  tomb  :  it 
does  not  seem  probable  that  he  ordered  the  preparation  of  his  own  monu- 
ment seventeen  years  before  his  death,  and  there  is  every  reason  to  believe 
that  no  monumental  figure  of  him  was  ever  executed ;  it  is  supposed  that 
his  tomb  was  never  completed  owing  to  the  troubles  during  the  reign  of  his 
unfortunate  son.  We  beheve  these  items  refer  to  the  figure  of  Henry  the 
Third. 

The   statues   of  Eleanor  were  modelled  in  wax :  there  is  an   item   for 


1  He  alludes  to  the  figures  on  the  crosses  as  well  as  to  the  effigy  at  Westminster. 

'  Lectures  on  Sculpture,  8vo.  1829,  p.  17. 

3  ■'  Item,  Magistro  WiUielmo  Torel  pro  factura  imaginum  Regis  et  Reginae,  v.  marc.  "  p.  108.  See 
also  pp.  110,  112,  113. 114.  There  is  also  a  payment  to  Walter  of  Durham  for  painting  the  canopies 
over  the  King  and  Queen  :  pp.  124, 125. 


Ixxxiii 

bringing  seven  hundred  and  twenty-six  pounds  of  wax  from  the  house  of 
Tore! :'  four  hundred  weight,  three  quarters  and  three  pounds  of  the  same 
material  were  purchased  for  the  modelling  of  the  images  over  the  Queen's 
bowels  at  Lincoln,  and  her  heart  at  the  Black  Friars,  London,*  three  of  these 
which  were  of  small  size  were  "made  and  cast"  by  an  Englishman,  Wilham 
of  Suffolk ;'  others  were  the  work  of  a  sculptor  named  Master  Alexander  of 
Abingdon,*  and  another  called  "  Dymenge  de  Legery"  or  "de  Reyns;"  they 
also  made  the  marble  tomb  at  Lincoln  on  which  was  placed  one  of  the  large 
effigies  designed  and  cast  by  Torel.* 

One  thousand  seven  hundred  pounds  of  metal  were  bought  to  make  three 
statues,^  and  besides  this  there  is  a  payment  of  fifty  pounds,  for  the  same 
material,'  which  must  have  procured  double  the  first  named  quantity,  which 
cost  only  21Z.  135.  8d.  Three  hundred  and  fifty  gold  florins,  which  seem  to 
have  been  worth  two  and  sixpence  each,*  were  applied  to  the  gilding  of  the 
metal  figures.  In  addition  to  images  there  were  paintings  on  and  around 
Eleanor's  tombs  at  Westminster  and  the  Black  Friars,  which  were  executed 
by  Master  Walter  of  Durham.'     He  was  also  employed  at  Westminster."* 

The  sum  total  of  the  money  paid  to  Torel  for  the  effigies  of  Eleanor 
and  of  the  King,  (whoever  he  may  have  been)  was  1 13^.  G*.  8d.  of  the  money 
of  that  time,  equal  in  value  to  about  1700/.  of  our  present  currency. 

According  to  the  theories  of  Walpole  and  Gough,  Torel  must  have  the 
credit  of  designing  the  Crosses;  but  as  his  name  is  not  mentioned  in 
connection  with  any  one  of  them,  we  shall  take  the  liberty  to  deny  his 
pretensions  untU  some  better  evidence  in  their  favour  shall  be  produced. 
We  find  that  only  one  foreigner  is  mentioned  among  the  builders  or  carvers 
of  these  monuments. 


'  p.  98.  '  pp.  122,  125,  128.  '  pp.  128,  131.  ■*  Ibid.  °  p.  123. 

•p.  132.  'p.  95,  8  pp.  117,  118.  »  pp.  100,  108,  in,  113,  121,  124. 

■»pp.  12.')-6. 


Ixxxiv 

The  crosses  were  nine  in  number,  viz.  at  Lincoln,  Northampton,  Stony- 
Stratford,  Woburn,  Dunstable,  St.  Albans,  Waltham,  Cheap  and  Charing : 
that  at  Geddington,  which  is  attributed  to  Edward,  is  not  mentioned  in  the 
rolls.  Lincoln  Cross  was  the  work  of  Richard  of  Stowe,  mason,  fcemm- 
tarim) ;  those  of  Northampton,  Stony  Stratford,  Wobum,  Dunstaple  and 
St.  Albans,  were  all  built  by  John  of  Battle  :  Waltham  by  Roger  de  Crun- 
dale  in  conjunction  with  Dymenge  de  Legeri  or  de  Reyns;  Cheap  by 
Michael  of  Canterbury;  and  Charing  by  Richard  de  Crundale,  who  died 
before  it  was  finished,  when  the  works  were  carried  on  by  Roger  de  Crundale 
the  joint  builder  of  Waltham  Cross.  It  appears  that  the  decorated  parts  of 
some  of  these  monuments  were  worked  in  London,  and  sent  to  their  several 
sites.  The  figures  of  Eleanor  with  which  they  were  adorned,  bearing  a 
general  resemblance  to  the  efiigies  of  Torel  from  which  they  were  probably 
copied,  were  carved  by  Alexander  of  Abingdon  and  William  of  Ireland,  the 
latter  of  whom  did  some  portions  of  the  crosses  at  Lincoln  and  Northamp- 
ton; the  statues  on  Waltham  Cross  may  have  been  the  productions  of 
Dymenge  de  Legeri.  The  materials  of  the  crosses  were  Caen  stone,  Sussex, 
and  Purbeck  marbles.  The  figures  were  made  of  the  former;  those  at 
Charing  expressly  stated  to  have  been  the  work  of  Alexander  of  Abingdon 
were  of  Caen  stone;  as  were  those  also  at  Waltham.' 

The  architectural  antiquary,  who  shall  take  the  trouble  to  peruse  these 
documents,  will  observe  some  minuter  information  respecting  the  construc- 
tion of  the  crosses,  the  importance  of  which  wiH  be  more  obvious  to  him 
than  to  the  general  reader,  and  the  exact  value  of  which  it  is  his  peculiar 
province  to  explain. 


The  original  rolls  call  for  no  particular  remark.      They  are  preserved 
among  the  records  in  the  custody  of  the  Queen's  Remembrancer. 

>  pp.  110,  123. 


III.     Accounts  and  Memoranda  of  Sir  John  Howard, 
Knt.,  first  Duke  of  Norfolk. 


Sir  John  Howard,  knight,  of  Stoke  by  Neyland,  in  the  county  of  SufiFolk, 
was  the  eldest  son  of  Sir  Robert  Howard,  knt.,  by  Margaret,  daughter  of 
Thomas,  and  cousin  and,  eventually,-  co-heir  to  John  Mowbray,  Dukes  of 
Norfolk.  The  exact  date  of  his  birth  is  unknown,  but  it  is  believed  to 
have  occurred  about  the  year  1430,  as  we  find  him  knighted  and  serving  in 
France  in  1452,'  He  was  elected  knight  of  the  shire  for  Norfolk,  through 
the  Mowbray  interest,  in  the  32nd  or  33rd  of  Henry  the  Sixth,  1454-5.' 

He  is  supposed  to  have  been  a  partisan  of  the  Earl  of  Warwick  against 
Henry,  and  is  said  to  have  been  marked  for  punishment  about  the  time 
of  the  deposition  of  that  unfortunate  sovereign.'  Upon  the  assumption  of 
the  crown  by  Edward  the  Fourth,  Sir  John  Howard  was  made  sheriff  of 
Norfolk  and  Suffolk,  and  rewarded  for  his  serviced  to  the  house  of  York  by  a 
grant  of  certain  manors  forfeited  by  the  attainders  of  the  Earl  of  Wiltshire, 
Sir  Nicholas  Latymer  and  Sir  Thomas  Daniell;  of  some  of  the  property 
thus  acquired,  viz.  the  manors  of  Dontish  and  Dewhsh,  Co.  Dorset,  and  of 
Meyton  Hall,  Co.  Norfolk,  we  find  frequent  mention  in  the  following  ac- 
counts. 

On  the  6th  of  July  1461  he  was  made  keeper  of  Colchester  Castle,''  and 
on  the  28th  of  the  same  month  received  the  appointment  of  one  of  the 
King's  carvers  with  an  annual  fee  of  forty  pounds.*    The  post  of  Constable 

'  Dugdale's  Baronage,  ii.  p.  265.  ^  Paston  Letters,  vol.  i.  p.  96.  '  Ibid.  vol.  ii.  p.  289. 

*  Rot.  Pari.  vol.  v.  pp.  472-527.  '  Ibid.,  pp.  474,  527.  Pat.  1  Edw,  IV.,  p.  1.  m.  10. 


Ixxxvi 

of  Norwich  Castle  was  granted  him  on  the  3rd  of  February,  1462,'  and  we 
have  his  own  authority,  that  this  "  konstabelshepe"  was  worth  twenty 
pounds  per  annum.''  These  offices  were  secured  to  him  by  the  acts  of 
resumption  passed  in  the  1st  and  4th  of  Edward.'  In  1462,  being  associated 
with  the  Lords  of  Fauconberg  and  CUnton  in  a  commission  to  keep  the  seas, 
he  made  a  descent  in  Britanny  and  captured  the  town  of  Croquet  and  the 
Isle  of  Rhee."  About  this  time  he  began  to  build  "  the  newe  kervelle  at 
Donwiche"  which  was  not  finished  till  1466 ;  the  cost  of  it  is  minutely  re- 
corded in  the  present  accounts.'  He  undertook  another  voyage  in  the 
autumn  of  1463,  as  his  steward  notes  "  what  stofFe  for  vytayles  my  mayster 
hathe  bowt  at  hys  goying  to  the  see.'" 

Sir  John  served  with  the  army  of  the  north  at  the  siege  of  Alnwick  in  the 
months  of  December  and  January,  1462-3,  and  his  accounts  contain  the 
names  of  the  men  of  Suffolk  who  probably  fought  under  his  banner.' 

From  October,  1463,  to  February,  1463-4,-  he  was  in  the  retinue  of  the 
Duke  of  Norfolk  on  the  Welsh  Marches  :«  we  have  the  particulars  of  his  ride 
into  the  "  northe  kontery,"  and  of  his  expenditure  while  resident  at  Holt 
Castle  in  Denbighshire.^  In  1464  he  bought  the  reversion  of  "  the  konstabels 
chepe  of  Bramborow"orBamborough  Castle,  in  Northumberland,  of  Robert 
Bernard,  for  a  bay  courser  and  twenty  pounds;'"  it  was  worth  "be3ere" 
ten  marks."  At  the  latter  end  of  the  same  year  he  was  "certayn  weke}'^ 
with  the  King  at  Reading,  to  whom  he  there  presented,  as  a  New  Year's 
gift  a  courser  called  «  Lyard  Duras,"  worth  forty  pounds ;  and  gave  another 
to  the  Queen,  which  was  named  "  Lyard  Lewe}"  and  cost  him  eight 
pounds. 

His  first  wife  Catherine  died  about  the  13th  of  November,  1465,  probably 

'  1^"*.  Pari.,  vol  V.  p.  527.  2  p.  456  seq.  3  Rot.  Pari.,  vol.  v.  pp.  472,  527. 

*  Dugdale's  Baronage,  vol.  ii  p.  266.  »  pp.  197.  sej.  6  pp.  igg,  2i'7.22. 

7  "These  are  the  dettys  that  my  mastyr  lent  att  the  sege  of  Anwykke  that  are  on  payde.  "  p.  181. 
^  P-  168.  9  pp.  226^2-165,  168.  10  p.  184.  „  p_  ^^g' 


Ixxxvii 

at  Colchester.     There  are  payments  to  her  physicians,  and  items  for  various 
medicines,  among  which  we  may  note  "  water  of  honysoclys." 

In  1466  Sir  John  was  still  busy  in  building  the  "  new  kervelle," 
which  he  seems  to  h^ve  christened  the  "  Mary  Grase;"'  he  bought  "  an 
ashe  of  ij.  yerdes  longe,  for  to  make  a  lanteme  and  a  stok  for  an  ymage  of 
our  lady/'  In  the  same  year  he  commanded  the  vessel  which  conveyed  to 
Calais  the  English  Commissioners  accredited  to  the  Courts  of  Burgundy  and 
France."  His  steward  notes  that  he  was  at  Calais  from  the  1 5th  of  May  to 
the  17th  of  September. 

In  January  1467,  we  find  Sir  John  Howard  meeting  the  Ambassadors  of 
the  Duke  of  Burgundy  at  Gravesend,  whence  he  escorted  them,  in  the 
King's  barge,  to  London.^  On  the  l7th  or  18th  of  the  same  month  he 
married  his  second  lady,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Sir  John  Chedworth,  knt. ; 
Lord  Bergavenny  sent  him  a  doe,  and  Ordynge  the  cook  of  Eastcheap  sup- 
plied four  pikes  for  his  wedding  feast.*  In  June  of  that  year  he  accom- 
panied the  King's  sister,  Margaret,  to  Flanders,  on  her  marriage  with  Charles, 
Comte  de  Charolois,  afterwards  Duke  of  Burgundy.  Shortly  after  this  he 
acted  as  Deputy  Marshal  for  the  Duke  of  Norfolk  at  the  great  jousting  in 
Smithfield,  between  Anthony,  Lord  Scales  and  the  Bastard  of  Burgundy, 
on  which  occasion  he  expended,  on  his  lord's  account,  either  two  or  three 
hundred  marks.''  It  is  probable  that  he  brought  over  "  the  Bastard  of  Bur- 
goyne'^  when  he  returned  from  Flanders;  when  that  personage  quitted 
England  Sir  John  seems  to  have  escorted  him  to  Calais.'' 

In  November  1467,  he  was  nominated  a  commissioner  to  arrange  a  peace 
with  France.  It  is  worthy  of  remark  that  in  the  commission  he  is  styled 
"  John  Howard,  knight,  lord  Howard ;"  although  he  and  Master  Thomas 
Brewse  were  elected  knights  of  the  shire  for  Suffolk  in  the  preceding  month 
of  April ;  Sir  John's  election  bill  is  a  curious  monument  of  the  antiquity  of 
"  treating:"  the  votes  of  the  men  of  Suffolk  were  propitiated  by  plenty  of 

'p.  489.  »  p.  358.  '  p.  383.  +  pp.  383-4-8.  "  p.  170.  »p.409. 


Ixxxviii 

good  eating.  They  consumed  8  oxen,  24  calves,  the  same  number  of  sheep, 
20  lambs,  30  pigs,  12  pheasants,  108  capons,  240  chickens,  120  rab- 
bits, 800  eggs,  140  pair  of  pigeons,  32  gallons  of  milk,  and  besides  hogsheads 
of  wine,  drank  20  barrels  of"  dobelle  here"  and  16  of  "  syngelle  here."' 
His  election  cost  him  £40.  l7s.  8d. 

Soon  after  this.  Sir  John  Howard  was  appointed  Treasurer  of  the  House- 
hold, and  received  a  grant  of  the  profits  of  the  coinage  of  the  realm  from 
the  1st  of  October,  1468.^  He  was  summoned  to  Parliament  as  a  Baron 
by  Henry  the  Sixth  during  his  short  return  to  power ;  the  writ  being  dated 
on  the  15th  of  October,  49  Henry  VI.  (10  Edw.  IV.)  1470.  This  dignity 
seems  to  have  been  given  as  a  lure  to  attract  him  to  the  Lancasterian  party  j 
it  was  not  the  reward  of  a  desertion  from  his  own  faction ;  for  in  the  same 
year  Edward  appointed  him  captain  of  his  fleet;'  and  when  he  landed  at 
Ravenspur,  in  March  1471,  Howard  is  said  to  have  proclaimed  him  in 
Suffolk.*  Sir  John  was,  in  all  probability,  present  at  the  battles  of  Barnet 
and  Tewkesbury  in  the  same  year;  a  list  of  his  retainers  in  1471,  written 
by  himself  occurs  among  the  accounts.*  His  name  appears  among  those 
who  on  the  3rd  of  July,  recognised  Edward  Prince  of  Wales  as  "  undoubted 
heyre"  to  the  crown,  and  swore  to  take  and  accept  him,  if  he  survived  his 
father,  for  "  true,  veray  and  rightwis  Kyng  of  England."^  At  the  close 
of  the  year  he  was  sent  Deputy  Governor  to  Calais. 

On  St.  George's  day,  1472,  Lord  Howard  was  elected  a  Knight  of  the 
Garter;?  as  this  is  the  latest  date  mentioned  in  his  accounts  our  subsequent 
notices  of  him  become  very  scanty.  In  the  month  of  June  in  that  year,  he 
was  sent  with  WiUiam  Lord  Hastings  and  other  commissioners  to  treat  with 
the  envoys  of  the  Duke  of  Burgundy,  relative  to  the  pale  of  Picardy,  and  in 
May,  1473,  was  again  employed  in  a  mission  to  Flanders. 

He  accompanied  Edward  on  his  invasion  of  France  in  1475 ;  concluded 

•  pp.  398-9.  2  Pat.  8  Edw.  IV.  p.  1.  m.  5.  3  Pat.  10  Edw. IV.  m.  13. 

'  Paston  Letters,  vol.  ii.  p.  63.        «  p.  548.        e  Rot.  Pari.  vol.  vl.  p.  234.  J  Ashmole,  p.  266. 


Ixxxix 

the  treaty  which  was  the  consequence  of  that  expedition,  and  remained  a 
hostage  for  the  due  execution  of  it  until  the  EngUsh  army  withdrew  from 
France,  In  the  same  year  he  obtained  a  grant  of  lands  forfeited  by  the  Earl 
of  Oxford,' 

In  1476,  Lord  Howard  and  the  Earl  of  Arundel  were  sent  to  France  to 
prolong  the  truce  between  that  country  and  England,  and  in  the  following 
year  the  reversion  of  the  office  of  Constable  of  the  Tower  was  given  him,  to 
which  he  succeeded  five  years  afterwards.  He  was  appointed  Admiral  of 
the  Fleet  against  Scotland  in  1479,  and  from  this  time  we  have  no  account 
of  him  until  after  the  death  of  Edward  the  Fourth,  in  1483,  at  whose  funeral 
he  bore  the  royal  banner,  as  it  would  appear,  officially.^ 

There  is  no  evidence  of  the  share  he  had  in  the  elevation  of  Richard  to 
the  throne ;  but  Sir  Harris  Nicolas  observes,  very  justly,  that  "  from  motives 
which  cannot  be  misunderstood,  even  if  they  were  not  a  reward  for  services 
which  were  incompatible  with  his  honour  and  with  gratitude,  no  sooner  did 
Richard  assume  the  royal  dignity,  than  he  bestowed  on  Lord  Howard  the 
highest  rank  and  most  important  offices  to  which  a  subject  can  aspire."' 
On  the  28th  of  June  1483,  he  was  created  Duke  of  Norfolk  and  Marshal  of 
England,  with  remainder  to  his  heirs  male.  At  the  same  time  his  son.  Sir 
Thomas  Howard,  was  made  Earl  of  Surrey. 

Upon  the  .landing  of  the  Earl  of  Richmond  the  Duke  of  Norfolk  marched 
to  the  assistance  of  Richard,  and  commanded  the  archers  at  Bosworth  field, 
where  he  fell  on  the  22nd  of  August,  1485.  He  was  buried  in  the  Abbey 
church  of  Thetford  and  with  his  son,  the  Earl  of  Surrey  was  attainted  by  an 
act  passed  in  the  1st  of  Henry  the  Seventh. 

We  have  already  seen   that  he  was  twice  married;    by  his  first  wife 

'  Dugdale'a  Baronage,  ii.  266.  '  Archaeologia,  1.  pp.  350-1. 

'  Cartwright's  "  Rape  of  Bramber,"  p.  191 .  Sir  Harris  Nicolas's  memoir  of  Sir  John  Howard  is  an 
accurate  and  comprehensive  statement  of  all  that  is  known  of  his  career,  independent  of  the  informa- 
tion afforded  by  the  accounts  now  printed. 

n 


xc 


Catherine,  daughter  of  Thomas,  Lord  Molines,  he  had  two  sons,  Thomas, 
Earl  of  Surrey,  and  Nicholas  who  died  young ;  and  four  daughters,  Aime, 
Isabel,  Jane  and  Margaret;  by  his  second  lady,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Sir 
John  Chedworth,  knt.,  he  had  a  daughter  named  Catherine,  who  became 
the  wife  of  John  Bourchier,  Lord  Earners,  the  ever  to  be  remembered 
translator  of  Froissart. 

Sir  Harris  Nicolas  observes  upon  the  public  career  of  this  distinguished 
nobleman  that  "  perhaps  the  only  part  of  his  conduct  which  is  open  to  sus- 
picion, is  his  having  devoted  himself  to  the  Protector,  in  violation  of  the  oath 
he  had  taken  to  support  the  claim  of  the  Prince  of  Wales ;  and  thus  having 
become  the  chief  partisan  of  the  supposed  murderer  of  his  illustrious  patron's 
children,  and  the  usurper  of  their  rights.  But  he  was  not  a  double  traitor ; 
and  though  gidlty  of  ingratitude  and  perjury  towards  the  family  of  his  former 
master,  he  was  faithful,  even  unto  death,  to  the  sovereign  to  whom  he  had 
transferred  his  allegiance.  That  he  might  have  made  terms  with  the  Earl 
of  Richmond  cannot  be  doubted;  and  unless  his  fidelity  to  Richard  be 
attributed  to  a  belief  in  the  stability  of  his  power,  he  must  not  be  denied  the 
virtue  of  being  loyal,  at  a  moment  when  loyalty  was  dangerous,  if  not  fatal, 
and  apostacy  the  path  to  Ufe  and  fortune."' 

In  illustration  of  his  private  character  we  shall  here  reprint  two  of  his 
letters  divested  of  their  antique  and  uncouth  orthography.  The  first  is 
indicative  of  his  temper;  the  second  of  his  strict  management  of  his 
property. 

***  «  Ye  shall  understand  I  have  very  knowledge  that  ye  have  [used] 
much  uftsuiting  language  against  me,  whereof  I  marvel  greatly,  for  I  have 
given  you  no  such  cause :  also  ye  say  I  am  no  better  than  a  man  of  clouts ; 
it  shaU  not  be  long  ere  I  make  you  to  understand  me  otherwise,  as  the  law 
will,  though  I  shaU  spend  as  much  there  upon  in  a  day  as  ye  be  worth. 
Also  ye  shall  understand  I  am  informed  whereas  Michael  Reyndeford  and 

1  Cartwright's  "  Rape  of  Bramber,"  p.  193. 


XCl 


Carew  and  I  with  others  were  enfeoffed  in  a  house  and  land  within  Dover 
Court  to  the  behoof  of  John  Hobbs  and  his  father-in-law,  and  now  by  your 
sinister  labour,  against  all  right  and  conscience,  ye  cause  daily  great  trouble 
in  the  same,  saying  that  it  shall  not  be  spared  for  no  silver,  I  would  advise 
you  to  cease  both  of  your  laboiir  and  of  your  spending,  and  also  of  your 
unthrifty  language,  and  if  ye  do  so  ye  shall  find  ease  therein,  by  the  grace  of 
God  who  amend  your  disposition.     Written  at  Stoke." 

The  following  was  written,  probably,  while  he  was  Deputy-Governor  of 
Calais,  and  is  addressed  to  one  of  his  bailiffs. 

"  John  Andrews ;  both  I  and  my  wife  pray  you  to  be  a  good  husband 
for  us,  as  we  trust  right  greatly  that  ye  be :  also,  seeing  that  I,  nor  mine 
household,  have  not  lain  there  this  many  a  day,  I  trust  my  charges  there 
be  but  little,  wherefore  my  profit  may  be  the  more ;  wherefore  I  pray  you 
spare  all  that  ye  can  to  have  some  money  in  your  hand ;  and  also  my  pastures 
well  stored  with  oxen  or  bullocks,  against  my  going  home,  which  I  trust  in 
God  shall  be  in  short  space;  for  though  I  be  well  and  profitably  lodged 
here,  yet  I  wiU  not  discontinue  that  country,  but  [be]  some  time  there  and 
some  time  here,  as  shall  please  me  best :  but  I  purpose  to  be  more  there 
than  ever  I  was,  and  to  be  right  merry  in  those  parts,  by  God's  grace,  to 
the  comfort  of  my  friends  and  to  the  discomfort  of  mine  enemies,  if  I  have 
any.  Wherefore  I  pray  you  take  the  measure  of  the  hall  there,  and  of  the 
length,  and  of  the  deepness,  as  much  as  must  be  hanged ;  and  in  like  wise 
of  the  parlour,  and  the  chamber  over  the  parlour,  and  the  chamber  where 
that  I  lay  in,  and  of  the  chamber  over  the  pantry  and  the  buttery ;  of  all 
these  I  pray  you  send  me  the  measure  in  haste,  and  I  trust  before  long  ye 
shall  see  the  chambers  better  hanged  than  ever  ye  saw  them,  and  I  and  my 
wife  in  them.  Also  I  pray  you  see  that  mine  ambling  horse  be  in  good 
plight,  for  I  purpose  to  send  for  him  in  haste ;  howbeit  trust  ye  no  mes- 
senger that  Cometh,  but  he  bring  writing  under  my  signet,  and  signed  with 
my  seal.'^ ' 

'  pp.  556-7  ;  see  also  a  longer  and  even  better  letter,  pp.  558-60. 


XCll 


The  accounts  of  Sir  John  Howard  being  in  English  and  presenting  no 
peculiar  diflaculties  to  the  general  reader,  it  is  not  necessary  to  enter  into 
any  lengthened  notice  of  their  contents.  Upon  comparing  them  with  the 
Household  Roll  of  the  Countess  of  Leicester  we  naturally  perceive  a  very 
great  difference  between  the  state  of  domestic  affairs  and  of  society  in  the 
thirteenth  and  fifteenth  centuries.  The  increase  of  population  has  occa- 
sioned a  greater  division  of  labour,  and  those  arts,  which  at  the  former  period 
were  generally  carried  on  by  the  domestics  of  every  family  of  consequence, 
now  support  persons  who  make  them  the  means  of  an  independent  liveli- 
hood. Brewing  and  baking  have  become  profitable  trades,  and  the  tailor 
has  ceased  to  be  a  domestic  servant.  The  Countess  of  Leicester  was 
accompanied  by  her  tailor  Hicqe  even  when  she  travelled ;  Sir  John  Howard 
indeed  buys  his  own  cloth,  of  Porter  the  draper  of  Candlewick  street,  but  he 
employs  Leonard  the  tailor  of  Southwark  to  make  it  up.  Notwithstanding 
the  country  had  long  suffered  from  civil  commotions  it  is  obvious  that  wealth 
is  greatly  increased j  inns  have  been  established  in  country  towns;  a 
traveller  no  longer  takes  with  him  his  wine  and  provisions  as  did  the  Earl 
of  Leicester ;  taverns  have  arisen  in  London  and  become  places  of  common 
resort  for  people  of  rank;  "  Mastres  Ysabell"  lodges  at  the  Bell  in  West- 
minster, and  her  father  Sir  John  takes  his  wine  and  "  waffers"  at  the  Sun 
in  Lombard  Street,  or  breakfasts  with  my  Lord  Audley  at  the  Greyhound 
in  Eastcheap.  The  same  increase  of  wealth  has  brought  with  it  a  cor- 
responding degree  of  luxury  in  dress  and  the  general  conveniences  of  life : 
the  Countess  wore  some  garments  of  sheepskin  and  was  content  with 
wooUen  gowns  of  which  the  nap  was  shorn  more  than  once.  My  Lady 
Howard  has  her  "  plytes  of  fyne  lawne"  and  Humphrey  Gentili  the  Lom- 
bard supplies  Sir  John  with  costly  cloths  of  damask,  satin,  and  velvet  upon 
velvet "  pyrled  with  goold."  In  the  age  of  the  Countess  ladies  arranged 
their  dress  with  skewer-like  implements,  but  fair  ''^mastres  Anne"  Howard 
used  "  fine  pynnes."  It  is  more  than  probable  that  neither  the  Earl  nor 
his  wife  could  read,  much  less  write ;  their  daughter  Eleanor,  indeed,  had 
a  breviary  written  by  an  Oxford  clerk,  as  much  for  show  perhaps  as  use ; 
but  Sir  John  Howard  writes  an  able  letter  and  reads  at  his  leisure  a 
"  Yenglyshe  boke  calyd  Dives  et  Pauper."     Of  all  things  the  means  of  com- 


xcm 


munication  between  distant  places  was,  perhaps,  the  least  improved,  roads 
and  bridges  were  still  wanting :  Dobbe  the  shepherd  guides  the  Countess 
of  Leicester  from  Odiham  to  Porchester,  and  Sir  John  on  his  road  to 
Chester  gives  a  penny  "  to  a  mayde  that  tawte  the  wey  ovyr  Tyddysbery 
(Didsbury)  forthe." 

It  would  be  easy  to  institute  a  more  minute  and  less  desultory  comparison 
between  the  manners  of  the  two  periods,  as  illustrated  by  the  present  work. 
The  Accounts  of  Sir  John  Howard  shew  the  state  of  almost  every  department 
of  domestic  economy  in  his  time :  we  have  payments  to  bakers  and  brewers, 
builders,  armourers,  and  shipwrights ;  silversmiths,  mercers,  drapers,  tailors 
and  cordwaners ;  to  seamen,  soldiers  and  servants ;  they  contain  notices  of 
farming  and  stocking  fishponds ;  and  taken  in  conjunction  with  the  Paston 
Letters  they  furnish  the  liveUest  picture  we  possess  of  any  period  anterior  to 
the  invention  of  printing. 


XCIV 


We  have  now  to  give  some  description  of  the  two  manuscripts  from  which 
the  Howard  Accounts  have  been  printed.  The  first  is  in  the  valuable  col- 
lection of  Sir  Thomas  PhilUpps,  Bart.,  at  Middle  HiU,  who  purchased  it  at 
the  sale  of  the  library  of  the  late  Mr.  Craven  Ord  :  the  second  is  now  the 
property  of  his  Grace  the  Duke  of  Norfolk ;  it  formerly  belonged  to  the 
well  known  Peter  le  Neve,  Norroy  King  at  Arms,  who  has  written  on  a  fly- 
leaf at  the  beginning  of  the  volume — "  brought  from  Framlingham  Castle  in 
Suff.,  given  to  me  by  Mr.  Thomas  Martin,  attorney  at  law,  of  Palgrave  in 
SuiF.,  1727."  Martin,  it  is  beheved,  was  likewise  the  owner  of  the  former, 
as  it  was  seen  in  a  collection  in  SufibUc  by  Sir  John  Fenn,  who  extracted 
from  it  and  printed  the  biU  of  the  "  limpnour  of  Bury,"'  as  a  note  in  the 
second  volume  of  the  Paston  Letters,*  the  originals  of  which  belonged  also 
to  Martin.  Both  volumes  are  of  the  quarto  size  and  written  on  paper,  two  or 
three  fohos  only  in  the  Middle  HUl  MS.  are  of  vellum. 

It  win  be  seen  that  the  entries  are  made  very  irregularly ;  accounts  of 
different  years  are  intermixed  and  occur  sometimes  on  the  same  page ;  this 
has  led  to  a  supposition  that  they  were  originally  mere  loose  papers,  which 
have  been  at  some  period  bound  together  without  any  attempt  to  reduce 
them  to  order.  To  this  opinion  we  do  not  subscribe,  believing  from  a  care- 
ful examination,  that  the  volumes  were  always  distinct,  and  that  they  are 
now  in  nearly  the  same  state  as  when  first  written.  In  the  Middle  HLU  MS. 
some  folios  have  evidently  been  transposed  during  the  process  of  re-binding ; 
these  we  have  restored  to  their  proper  positions. 

Many  portions  of  the  accounts  are  common  to  both  volumes  ;  and  as  the 
Middle  Hill  MS.  is,  generally  speaking,  the  best  of  the  two,  we  have  given 
the  variations  of  identical  passages  in  the  Norfolk  MS,  in  the  shape  of  foot- 

'  p.  419  seq.  ^  pp.  ig.jy. 


xcv 

notes  to  it,  and  have  entirely  omitted  them  in  printing  the  latter.  The  only 
liberty  taken  with  the  text  has  been  that  of  extending  contracted  words  and 
inserting  a  few  points.  It  would,  doubtless,  have  added  to  the  value  of  the 
work  if  all  the  accounts  had  been  reduced  into  strict  chronological  order,  but 
this,  in  addition  to  being  a  work  of  very  great  labour,  would  have  rendered 
the  process  of  collation  extremely  difficult,  besides  giving  an  imfaithful  pre- 
sentment of  the  MSS.  as  they  now  exist,  and  as  we  beheve  them  to  have 
been  originally  written.  It  wiU  be  obvious  that  the  text  is  susceptible  of 
greater  illustration  in  the  form  of  notes,  but  as  it  was  desirable  to  print  both 
MSS.  their  very  extent  precluded  the  adoption  of  a  plan  which  would  have 
materially  increased  the  size  of  this  volume. 

The  Readers  of  this  Work  will  sufficiently  appreciate  the  UberaUty  of  His 
Grace  the  Duke  of  Norfolk  and  Sir  Thomas  PhiUips  in  contributing  these 
unpublished  documents,  which  have  so  materially  enhanced  the  value  of  this 
Collection. 

Norton  Hall, 

March  5,  1841. 


3aotulu0  flospittt 


COMITISS^   LEICESTRIiE. 


A.  D.  1265. 


Eotulus  flospitii 

DOMING  ALIANOR^  COMITISS^  LEICESTRLE, 

ANNO  REGNI  HENRICI  REGIS  ANGLIC  TERTII 

QUADRAGESIMO-NONO. 

A.  D.  1265. 

Membrana  prima. 

Die  Jovis,  scilipet,  die  proxima  post  Diem  Cinerum,  pro  Comitissa  et  igthFeb. 
praedictis ;'  Panis,  ij.  quarteria  et  dimidium,  de  Abindone.''  Vinum,  iiij.  sex- 
tarii,'  i.  galona/  de  instauro.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Alleces, 
viij*^.,  de  instauro  Castri.  Piscis,  viij.s.  i.d.  Pisse  albse,  xiij.d.  ob.  Cepse,' 
vj.d.  DiscBB,  xiij.d.  Salsa,  iij.s.  i.d.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum,  pro  Ixvj.  Equis. 
iij.  quarteria,  iij.  busselli  Avense,  de  stauro  Castri.        Summa,  xiij.s.  x.d.  ob. 

Die  Veneris  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis,  ij.  quart,  ij. 
bus.,  de  Abindone.  Panis,  ex  emptione,  vj.d.  Vinum,  iiij.  sext. ;  missum 
Domino  W.  de  Bathonia,  dimidius  sextarius ;  missum  Dominae  Agneti,^  i.  sex- 

'  From  this  won!,  and  the  absence  of  a  title,  in  the  original,  it  is  evident  that  the 
commencement  of  the  roll  is  lost.  The  account  in  its  present  state  begins  on  the  19th 
of  February,  the  day  after  Ash-Wednesday,  A.  D.  1265,  and  ends  on  the  29th  of  August, 
in  the  same  year ;  it  is  pro^bable,  however,  that  the  conclusion  of  it  is  also  wanting  j  but 
this  point,  and  the  internal  evidence  by  which  the  date  of  the  roll  is  thus  ascertained,  have 
been  fully  discussed  in  the  Introduction.  The  Countess  was  at  Wallingford  on  the  first 
and  second  day  of  the  account. 

-  Abingdon,  in  Berkshire.  ^  Sixf,  for  Sixtarii,  in  MS. 

<  Gahin\  for  Galuna  or  Galune,  in  MS.  ^  Sepe,  in  MS.  "  Agnele,  in  MS. 


22nd  Feb 


tarius  et  dimidius.  [Coquina.^]  Alleces,  vij".,  de  instauro.^  Piscis  de  mari, 
ix.s.  vj.d.  [Mareschalcia.]  Foenum,  ad  Iviij.  Equos.  Avena,  iij.  quart,  v. 
bus.     Pro  Busca,  iij.d.     Pro  gagiis  B.  Juvenis,  vij.d.  ob. 

Summa,  x.s.  x.d.  ob. 

RADINGE.' 
DiK  Sabbati  sequente,  apud  Radinge,  pro  Comitissa,  Domino  J. 
Gouvyun,  Ricardo  de  Monteforti  et  aliis;  Panis,  de  instauro,  ij.  bus.  de 
Abindone.  Panis,  de  emptione,  iij.s.  yj.d.  Vinum,  v.  sext.,  de  instauro  de 
Walingeford.^  Cervisiaempta,  iij.s.  iij.d.  Scyphi/ xij.d.  Coquina.  Alleces, 
iij.s.  Piscis,  xviij.s.  xj.d.  Pisse,  v.d.  Disci,  vj.d.  Mareschalcia:  Foenum,  pro 
Ixv.  Equis,  ij.s.  viij.d.  'Avena,  ex  emptione,  v.  quart.,  ix.s.  vij.d. ;  pretii 
quart,  xxiij.d.  Litera*  de  Abbindone.  In  Carbonibus,  ix.d.  In  Busca, 
vj.d.  ob.     Forge,  v.d.  Surama,  xliiij.s.  vj.d.  ob. 

0DIHAM.7 

Duo    C     DieDominica,  pro  Comitissa  etprsedictis,  apud  Odiham;  Panis, 

dolia  <  i.  quart,  et  dimid.,  de  instauro.    Vinum,  ij.  sext.  et  dimid.    Item,  pro 

vini.     Lxij^.  gal.  Cervisise,  et  xij.  gal.,  x.s.  vj.d.     Coquina.    \'f.  Alleces.' 

Piscis,  ex  emptione,  viij.s.    Mareschalcia.     [Ad]  Ixiiij.  Equos  foenum  de 

instauro  Castri.    Avena,  v.  quart.,  de  instauro.        Summa,  xviij.s.  vj.d. 

Pro  carettis  et  equis  conductis,  de  Walingeforde  usque  Odiham, 

Summa,  xvij.s.  ix.d. 

Die  Lun.e,  pro  Comitissa;  Panis,  i.  quart,  et  dimid.,  de  instauro. 
Vinum,  ij.  sext.  i.  lagen.^  Bradnium.  v.  quart.  Ordei.,  vij.  quart  et  dimid. 
Avenae.  Coquina.  iiij".  Alleces.  Piscis,  ex  emptione,  viij.s.  Mareschalcia. 
Ad  xxxiij.  Equos  foenum  de  instauro.    Avena,  ij.  quart,  et  i.  bus. 

Summa,  viij.s. 

'  Wherever  a  word  is  printed  between  crotchets,  it  supplies  an  omission  in  the  original 
document.  2  instar-,  for  instarro,  in  MS.  a  Reading,  in  Berkshire. 

'  From  the  stock  of  Wallingford  Castle  in  Berkshire.    »  Ciji,  in  MS.     6  Utere,  in  MS. 

'  Odiham,  a  royal  castle  and  manor,  in  the  hundred  of  Basingstoke,  Hampshire  •  held 
by  the  Eari  of  Leicester.  ,  «  ^&«*,  in  MS. 

»  Finum  is  repeated  here  in  MS.,  apparently  by  mistake. 


DiK  Mabtis,  pro  Comitissa ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  et  dimid.,  de  instauro. 
Vinum,  ij,  sext.  et  i.  gal.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  m.f.  Alleces. 
Piscis,  ex  emptione,  vij.s.  ix.d.  Mareschalcia.  Fcenum,  pro  xxx.  Equis. 
Avena,  i.  quart,  vij.  bus.  et  dimid.,  de  instauro.  Summa,  vij.s.  ix.d. 

Die  Mercurii,  pro  Comitissa  et  Abbate  de  Waverleye ;'  Panis,  i.  quart, 
et  dimid.,  de  instauro.  "Vinum,  ij.  sext.  et  dimid.  Cervisia,  prius  computata. 
Coquina.  iiij'^.  Alleces.  Piscis,  ex  emptione,  x.s.  vj.d.  Disci,  xv.d.  Pisae, 
xxiij.d,  Naperones,  x.d,  ob.  Cepee,'' vj.d.  ob.  Poma,  iiij.d.  ob.  Mareschal- 
cia. Foenum,  de  instauro,  ad  xxxij.  Equos.  Avena,  ij.  quart.,  de  instauro. 
Forge,  xij.d.  '  Summa,  xvj.s.  v.d.  ob. 

Die  Jovis,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis;  Panis,  i.  quart,  vj.  bus.  Vinum, 
ij.  sext.  et  dimid.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  iiij*^.  Alleces,  de  in- 
stauro. Piscis,  ex  emptione,  iiij.s.  ij.d.  Vinum-acrum,  iiij.d.  Mareschalcia. 
Foenum,  de  instauro,  ad  xxxv.  Equos.  Avena,  ij.  quart,  i.  bus.,  de  instauro. 
Busca  empta  apud  Walingeford,  ad  coquinam,  non  computata,  viij.d. 

Summa,  v.s.  ij.d. 

Soluti  pro  ij.  carettis  cariantibus  cviij.  Monicas  et  Lengas,  xxxij.  Con- 
geros,  et  v^.  Hakas,  de  Bristolle  usque  Walingeford,  xv.s.  i.d.  De  quo  pisce 
medietas  plene  dimissa  apud  Walingeford,  et  alia  cariata  fuit  apud  Odiham,  et 
custavit  cariagium,  xviij.d.  Porcus-piscis  dimissus  fuit  Walingeford^  praster 
ij.  pecias  parvas.-    Forgia,  iij.d.  Summa,  xvj.s.  x.d. 

Die  Veneris,  pro  Comitissa  et  suis,  et  gamestura;  Panis,  i.  quart,  et 
ij.  bus.,  de  instauro.  Vinum,  unus  sext.  Cervisia,  ex  emptione,  x.s.  vj.d.  ob. 
Coquina.  Alleces,  iiij'^.,  de  instauro  Castri.  Piscis  emptus,  viij.s.  vij.d. 
Piscis,  de  instauro,  prius  computatus.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum,  de  instauro, 
ad  xlviij.  Equos.     Avena,  iij-  quart.,  de  instauro.     Summa,  xix.s.  i.d.  ob. 

Die  Sabbati,  pro  Comitissa  et  gamestura;  Panis,  i.  quart,  et  dimid. 

'  Ralph,  Uth  Abbot  of  Waverlcy  ;  he  was  elected  in  1251,  and  resigned  in  1266.     An- 
mles  iraverleienses,  apud  Gale,  vol.  ii.,  pp.  210-223.  >  Sepe,  in  WS. 


Vinum,  unus  sext.  et  dimid.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Alleces, 
v''.,  de  instauro  Castri.  Piscis,  prius  computatus.  Pultes,  xij.d.  Vinum- 
acrum,  vj.s.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum,  de  instauro,  adxxxvj.  Equos.  Avena, 
ij.  quart,  ij.  bus.  et  dimid.  Forgia,  ij.s.  vij.d.  ob.  Pro  Lunullis,  ad  equos, 
i.d.  Summa,  ix.s.  viij.d.  ob. 

1st  March.  DiE  DoMiNiCA,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis,  et  Domino  Herevardo  de 
Marisco,  Reginaldo  Fillet,^  et  Monialibus  de  Wynteneye  -^  Panis,  de  instauro, 
ij.  quart.  Vinum,  ij.  sext.  Vinum  missum  Cancellario,*  Sarum,  i.  sext. 
Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Alleces,  vij*^.,  de  instauro.  Piscis 
emptus,  ix.s.  iiij.d.  Piscis,  de  instauro  Castri.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum,  de 
instauro,  ad  xxxvj.  Equos.     Avena,  ij.  quart,  iij.  bus.  et  dimid. 

Amygdala^,  per  xj.  dies,  xij.  lib.  Summa,  ix.s.  iiij.d. 

Die  LunjE,  pro  Comitissa  et  garnestura ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  ij.  bus.,  de 
instauro.  Vinum,  i.  sext.  et  dimid.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina. 
Alleces,  iiij*^.,  de  instauro  Castri.  Piscis,  prius  computatus.  Piscis,  ex  emp- 
tione,  xviij.d.  Amygdala,  i.  lib.,  de  Garderoba.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum,  ad 
XXXV.  Equos,  de  instauro.     Avena,  i.  quart,  v.  bus.  Summa,  xviij.d. 


'  Possibly  Foliot .-  see  p.  17  seq. 

"  Winteneye,  a  Nunnery  of  the  Cistercian  Order,  in  the  parish  of  Hartley  Wintney, 
Hampshire. 

3  The  Chancellor  at  this  period  was  Thomas  de  Cantilupe,  Archdeacon  of  Stafford. 
He  was  chosen  by  the  party  of  the  Earl  of  Leicester,  received  the  Great  Seal  on  the 
Wednesday  next  after  the  Feast  of  St.  Peter  in  Cathedra,  26th  of  February,  1266,  and  was 
constituted  Chancellor,  with  an  annual  fee  of  500  marks,  for  the  support  of  himself  and 
his  Clerks,  by  Patent  dated  on  the  26th  of  March,  in  the  same  year.  To  the  enrolment 
of  this  document  is  added  a  curious  note,  stating  that  the  King  "  folded  the  Patent  with 
his  own  hands  and  caused  it  to  be  sealed  in  his  presence." — Rot.  Pat.,  49  Hen.  HI.,  m.  18. 
He  held  office  until  the  10th  of  August  following,  and  was  then  succeeded  by  Walter  Gif- 
fard.  Bishop  of  Bath  and  Wells.  Thomas  de  Cantilupe  was,  afterwards,  Bishop  of  Here- 
ford and  Chancellor  of  the  University  of  Oxford  ;  he  died  on  his  journey  homewards, 
from  Rome,  on  the  25th  of  August,  1282,  and  was  canonised. 

■"  .Imicdala,  ov  Amigdalu,  is  the  spelling  usually  found  in  the  MS. 


Die  Mabtis,  pro  Comitdssa  et  praedictis;  Panis,  i.  quart,  et  dimid. 
Vinum,  L  sext.  et  dimid.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Alleces, 
v*^.,  de  instaiiro  Castri.  Piscis,  prins  computatus.  Una  libra  et  dimidia 
Zingiber!,'  CaneUae,  Piperis,  de  Garderoba,  a  principio  Quadragesima. 
Maresehalcia.  Foenum,  ad  xxxv.  Equos,  de  instauro.  Avena,  i.  quart,  -vj.  bus. 
et  dimid.,  de  instauro  Castri. 

Die  Mebcurii,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis;  Panis,  L  quart,  ij.  bus. 
Vinum,  i.  sext.  i.  lagen.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Alleces,  iiij'^., 
de  instauro  Castri.  Piscis,  ex  emptione,  xj.s.,  qui  expendebatur  per  ij.  dies. 
Cepae,^  v.d.  ob.  Maresehalcia.  Foenum,  ad  xxxj.  Equos,  de  instauro  Castri. 
Avena,  i.  quart,  vij.  bus.  Summa,  xj.s.  v.d.  ob. 

Die  Jovis,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis  ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  vj.  bus.,  pro  xliij. 
Pauperibus.  Vinum,  i.  sext.  i.  lagen.  OUae,  vij.d.  Coquina.  Alleces,  vj*^., 
de  instauro  Castri.  Piscis,  prius  computatus.  Amygdala,  iij.  lib.,  de  Garde- 
roba. Maresehalcia.  Foenum,  ad  xxxij.  Equos,  de  instauro  Castri.  Avena, 
ij.  quart,  et  dimid.  bus.     Forge,  v.d.  ob.  Summa,  xij.d.  ob. 

Die   Veneris,   pro   Comitissa  et  praedictis ;    Panis,  i.    quart,   ij.  bus.  6th  March. 
Vinum,  i.  sext.  ij.  lagen.     Cervisia,  prius   computata.     Coquina.     Alleces, 
iiij'^.    Piscis,  ex  emptione,  xij.s.  i.d.    In  Sinapio  empto,  ij.s.  vij.d.  ob.    Mares- 
ehalcia.    Foenum,  ad  xxix.  Equos.     Avena,  ij.  quart,  dimid.  bus. 

Summa,  xiiij.s.  viij.d.  ob. 
Summa  Rotuli,  XI. li.  VI. s.  VII.d.  ob. 

In  dorso  memlraruB  prirndS.^ 

ODIHAM. 
Pro  uno  coflSno  de  corio  punctato,  ad  oUas  argenteas  Comitissae,  ij.s.  i.d. 
Pro  eodem  ferro  ligando,  xviij.d. 

1  Zhincib',  for  ZAincibri,  in  MS.  -  Sepe,  in  MS. 

'  The  method  observed  in  the  preparation  of  this  roll  appears  to  have  been  as  follows ; 
when  a  skin  was  filled  with  the  daUy  accounts  of  the  household  expenditure,  the  Clerk 
entered  on  the  dors,  or  back  of  it,  such  expenses  as  were  personal  or  miscellaneous. 


8 

Pro  iiij"'.  cochlearibus'  fractis  reficiendis  cum  viij.  denariis  cum  eisdem 
appositis,^  vuj.d. 

Pro  litteris  Comitissee  deferendis  Domino  Eadwardo^  Die  Mercueii* 
post  Festum  Sancti  Mathy^e',  iiij.d. 

Pro  litteris  ejusdem  deferendis  Domino  W.  de  Wortham,  Die  Sabbati 
sequente,  uij.d. 

Pro  litteris  ejusdem  deferendis  Comitissse  Lincolnise/  Die  Lun^,       ij.d. 

Soluti  braciatrici  Bannebiriee?  licenciatse,  die  eodem,  v.s. 

Eidem,  pro  expensis  suis  in  patriam  suam,  xviij.d. 

Willielmo  Caretario  deferdnti  racemos  Domino  Regi  Alemanniae/        iiij.d. 

Nuncio  Domini  Comitis'  deferenti  porcum-piscem",  apud  Odiham,      -vj.d. 

In  custura  v''"'.  canobeorum,  iij.d. 

Item,  pro  balneis,  per  Rogerum  de  Camera,  ij.d. 

Pro  una  fyola,  ad  cameram,  per  eundem,  i.d. 

Pro  uno  murilego,  et  lacte  ad  canes,  per  Petrum  de  Camera,  ij.d. 

and  had  been  incurred  during,  or  about,  the  period  comprised  in -the  entries  on  the  face  of 
the  skin.  In  order  to  obtain  a  correct  view  of  the  general  character  of  the  document, 
the  matter  on  the  dors  of  each  membrane  is  printed  immediately  after  the  interior  con- 
tents ;  the  plan  hitherto  pursued,  in  printing  rolls  of  every  description,  has  been  to  place 
the  entire  dors  at  length  after  the  conclusion  of  the  regular  entries :  it  seemed  advisable,  in 
this  instance,  to  deviate  from  the  custom.  '  Codearibus,  in  MS. 

^  Eight  pennies  appear  to  have  been  used  in  repairing  th«  broken  spoons. 

3  Edward  the  eldest  son  of  Henry  the  Third. 

4  Mercurr',  for  Mercurrii,  in  MS. 

'  The  Feast  of  St.  Matthias,  the  Apostle,  24th  of  February ;  it  fell  on  a  Tuesday  in  this 
year.     See  p.  5,  ante. 

"  The  wife  of  Gilbert  de  Gant,  or  Gaunt,  Earl  of  Lincoln,  who  was  one  of  the  Barons  in 
arms  against  Henry  the  Third,  and  was  captured  in  this  year  at  Kenilworth.  He  after- 
wards paid  a  fine  of  3000  marks  for  the  redemption  of  his  estates.  See  Dugdale's  Ba- 
ronage, vol.  i.,  pp.  400-1.  '  Banbury,  in  Oxfordshire. 

'  Richard  Earl  of  Cornwall,  brother  of  Henry  the  Third,  elected  King  of  the  Romans, 
13th  of  January,  1257,  at  Frankfort.  At  this  period  of  the  account  he  was  a  prisoner  in 
the  hands  of  the  Earl  of  Leicester;  having  been  taken,  together  with  the  King  his 
brother,  at  the  Battle  of  Lewes,  in  the  preceding  year,  1264.    See  Matthew  Paris,  sub  anno. 

*  The  Earl  of  Leicester.  '»  piscen,  in  MS. 


Per  Seman.^  WALINGFORDE. 

Liberati  fratri  Gregorio  et  fratri  Waltero  de  Corentre  pro  pinguedine  ad 
fratres  Koventre,  xix.s 

Pacati  pro  una  pastura  ad  pullos   Dominse  Comitissae,   apud  Kenille- 
worthe,=  xiij.s.iiij.d. 

Pro  caligis  et  sotularibus  Roberti  de  Valle/  xvj.d. 

Pro  barbitonsore  Domini  Eadwardi^,  yj.d. 

Pro  sotularibus  garcionis  W.  de  Breusa,  iiij.d.  ob. 

Pro  gagiis  equoram  W.  de  Haveringe,  et  Guyoti  fratris  ejus,  ix.d. 

Pro  uno  cingulo  ad  opus  Roberti  de  Valle,  i.d. 

Pro  sotularibus  W.  de  Breues,  Die  Carniprivii/  iiij.d.  ob. 

Pro  cariagio  piscis,  apud  Odiham,  x.d. 

Pro  vagina  culteUorum  Comitissae,  ij.d. 

Pro  hamesio  Roberti  de  Valle,  xxij.d. 

Pro  caligis  et  sotularibus,  ad  opus  ejusdem,  xiij.d. 

Pro  expensis  unius  equi  Domini  Simonis  de  Monteforti^  perhendinantis'' 
Oxoniae  pro  infirmitate,^  iiij.s.  xj.d. 

Pro  uno  forcario  reparando  ad  cameram,  vij.d. 

Per  Dominum  W.  de  Wortham.^ 

In  XX.  duodenis  parchameni  abortivi  emptis   Londini,  per  fratrem   G. 
Boyun,  ad  portiforium  Domisellae  AlianoraB,'"  ad  Purificatioxem,"       x.s. 

'  A  name  thus  printed  indicates  the  person  by  whom  the  money  was  paid. 

2  Kenilworth  Castle,  in  Warwickshire. 

3  Or  de  yallibus ;  the  words  circa  Carniprivium  follow,  but  are  struck  out. 

*  Dominus  Edwardus  refers,  in  every  instance,  to  Prince  Edward,  who,  at  this  period,  was 
a  hostage  for  his  father,  in  the  custody  of  the  Earl  of  Leicester. 

'  Septuagesima  Sunday.  «  Simon  de  Montfort,  second  son  of  the  Earl  of  Leicester; 
the  "  Simon  Junior"  of  the  Chroniclers.  '  Perhendinanti,  in  MS. 

8  The  next  entry  is  struck  out ;  "  Pro  equo  Jocie ij.s.  iiij.d.  ob." 

'  William  de  Wortham,  an  adherent  of  the  Earl  of  Leicester,  held  land  at  Wortham  in  the 
hundred  of  Hartesmere,  Suffolk  ;  he  was  slain  at  the  battle  of  Evesham.  Hb  wife  was 
named  Cristiana  and  was  probably  the  Cristiana  referred  to  at  the  end  of  this  dors.  Placita 
de  terris  datis,  9fC.  54  Hen.  III.  Suffolk.  '"  Eleanor  de  Montfort,  only  daughter 

of  the  Countess,  married  in  1279  to  Llewellyn  Prince  of  Wales. 

"  The  Feast  of  the  Purification  of  the  Virgin  Mary,  2nd  of  February. 

c 


10 

Pro  viij.  ducenis  buUarum  nigellarum,  ad  cameram,  iij.d.  ob. 

Pro  dimidia  furiira  Scurelli,  ad  opus  Guillielmi  de  Breosa,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Die  Sabbati  ante  Festum  Sancti  Egidii,^  pro  litteris  Comitissse  defe- 
rendis  Comiti/  iiij.d. 

Die  Dominica,  nuncio,  qui  fuit  cum  Domino  S.  de  Monteforti,  quaerenti 
quemdam  militem  apud  Diirisas,^  •  iiij.d. 

Pro  expensis  Picardi,  cum  equis  de  caretta,  ducentis  oleum  olivse  Lon- 
dino,  xiiij.d.  ob. 

Pro  litteris  Comitissae  deferendis  Domino  W.  de  Wortham,  Die  Lun^e 
sequenti,  iiij.d. 

Pro  litteris  ejusdem  deferendis  Episcopo  Lincolniensi,*  in  Festo  Sancti 
CuTHBERTi,^  pro  Magistro  N.  de  Hecham,  iiij.d. 

Traditi  CoUno  MariscaUo  et  Valetto  Magistri  A.  de  Belestede,  euntibus 
ad  Dominum  Almaricum®  in  Festo  Sancti  Gregorii'  cum  v.  equis,  xviij.d. 

Traditi  Hicqe  Cissori  eunti  Londinum,  pro  roba  Comitissae  retondenda, 
per  iij.  noctes,  ij.s. 

Stipendia. 

Praestiti  Rogero  et  Perroto  de  Camera,  super  stipendiis  suis,  Vigilia 
Palmarum,  iij.s. 

Pro  vj.  peUibus  baszeni  ad  cruralia  Comitissse,  per  Hicqe  Cissorem,  xxj.d. 

Pro  iij.  ulnis  tarentiniUi  ad  eadem,  per  eundem,  xij.d. 

Pro  pluma  ad  eadem,  xii.d. 

Pro  acubus  ad  cameram  et  taiUeriam,  iiij.d. 

Soluti  Hicqe  pro  superplusagio  expensarum  suarum  in  qujerendo  prae- 
dicta,  cum  ij,  equis,  ^i^ 

Pro  i.  perso  Comitissae  retondendo,  xii.d. 

Pro  minutis  ad  cameram,  per  Cristianam,  iiij.d. 

1  The  Feast  of  St.  Giles,  1st  of  September ;  it  is  probable  that  Giles  was  written,  inadver- 
tently, for  Gregory,  as  the  Feast  of  the  latter  occurs  on  the  second  membrane. 

2  The  Earl  of  Leicester.  a  Devizes,  in  Wiltshire. 

'  Richard  de  Gravesend,  Bishop  of  Lincoln,  elected  in  1258  ;  he  died  on  the  18th  of  De- 
cember, 1279.  6  The  Feast  of  St.  Cuthbert,  20th  of  March. 
"  Almaric  de  Montfort,  youngest  son  of  the  Earl  of  Leicester. 
'  The  Feast  of  St.  Gregory  the  Great,  12th  of  March. 


11 

Pro  expensis  W.  Carettarii  ducentis  ficos  apud  Walingeforde,  per  Seman, 

x.d.  ob. 

SUMMA,  IV.LI.  VII.S.  VIII.D.  OB. 

Require  residuum  in  fine  alterius  rotuli,  ab  ever  so  scriptumJ 

Membrana  secunda. 

Ante  Festum  Saxcti  Gregorii. 

Die  Sabbati,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis,  et  Magistro  Nicholao  Medico ; 
Panis,  i.  quart,  et  dimid.  de  instauro.  Vinum,  i.  sext.  et  dimid.  Vinuin 
missum  uxori  Domini  Thomae  Aliz,^  dimid.  sext.  Bracinium.  ij.  quart. 
Frumenti,  iiij.  quart.  Ordei,  iiij.  quart.  Avenee,  de  providentia  Constabu- 
larii.'  Coquina.  Alleces,  v*^.  Cepae,*  xvij.d.  Piscis,  prius  computatus. 
Mareschalcia.  Fcenum  de  instauro  ad  xxix.  Equos.  Avena,  ij.  quart,  dimid. 
bus.  Summa,  x^^j.d. 

Die  Domixica,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis,  Roberto  de  Brus,'  Thoma  de  «th  March. 
Estleye,'  Priorissa  de  Wintenie,  et  aliis ;  Panis,  ij.  quart,  ij.bus.  de  instauro. 
Vinum,  ij.  sext.  ij.  lagen.     Cervisia,  prius  computata.     Coquina.    Alleces, 
viij'^.  de  instauro.     Piscis  ex  emptione,  ix.s.     Mareschalcia.     Foenum  ad 
xxxj.  Equos.     Avena,  ij.  quart,  dimid.  bus.  Summa,  ix.s. 

Die  Lun.e,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis  ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  vj.  bus.  Vinum, 
ij.  sext.  et  dimid.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Alleces,  v*^.  Piscis, 
prius  computatus.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum  ad  xxxvij.  Equos.  Avena,  ij. 
quart,  iij.  bus.  et  dimid.     Forge,  xxj.d.  Summa,  xxj.d. 

'  See  the  dors  of  the  second  membrane,  p.  17  feq. 

-  Thomas  AUz  was  a  gentleman  of  Hampshire.    Rot.  Finium,  40.  Hen.  III.  m.  10. 

3  The  Constable  of  Odiham  Castle.  <  Scepe,  in  MS. 

^  Possibly  the  Robert  de  Bros,  or  Bruce,  Lord  of  Annandale,  who,  with  John  Comyn 
and  John  Baliol,  commanded  the  Scottish  auxiliary  troops  in  the  army  of  Henry  the  Third 
at  the  Battle  of  Lewes,  where  they  were  taken  prisoners  by  the  Earl  of  Leicester.  See 
Matthew  Paris,  sub  annis  1263-64. 

«  nomas  de  Estleye,  or  Estlega,  (AstleyJ  a  Wanvickshire  knight  who  fell  at  the  battle 
of  Evesham ;  he  is  called  Thomas  de  Hostelee  by  Matthew  Paris,  aih  anno  1265.  See  Dug- 
dale's  Warmchshire,  by  Thomas,  vol.  i.  p.  107. 


12 

Die  Martis  seq\iente,  pro  Comitissa  et  prsedictis ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  vj.  bus. 
de  stauro  Castri.  Vinum,  iij.  sext.  i.  gal.  Cervisia,  pro  Iv.  gal.,  ij.s.  iij.d.  ob. 
Coquina.  Alleces,  v".  de  stauro.  Pisces  empti  apud  Neubirie,'  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 
Mareschalcia.   Fcenum  pro  xxxiiij.  Equis.  Avena,  ij,  quart,  i.  bus.  de  stauro. 

Summa,  xv.s.  vij.d.  ob. 

Die  Mebcurii  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  prsedictis;  Panis,  i.  quart, 
dimid.  de  emptione,  viij.s.,  pretium  quart.,  v.s.  iiij.d.  Vinum,  iij.  sext.  Cer- 
visia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Alleces,  v*^.  de  stauro.  Pisces,  xviij.s. 
Pisffi,  xix.d.  Mareschalcia.  Fcenum  pro  xxxiiij.  Equis.  Avena,  ij.  quart, 
i.  bus.  de  stauro.  Summa,  xxvij.s.  vij.d. 

Die  Jovis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  prsedictis,  Domina  Margeria  de 
Crek,  cum  xij.  equis;  Panis.  i.  quart,  vj.  bus.  de  emptione,  ix.s.  iiij.d.  Vi- 
num, iij.  sext.  ij.  gal.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Alleces,  vj".  de 
stauro.  Piscis,  prius  computatus.  Amygdala,^  per  viij.  dies,  xij  .lib. .  Mares- 
chalcia. Fcenum  pro  xliiij.  Equis.  Avena,  ij.  quart,  dimid.  de  stauro.  Pro 
gagiis  equorum  Domini  Thom^  de  Estlega,  et  equorum  qui  venerunt  cum 
Domino  R.  de  Bruis  et  milite  suo,  videlicet,  pro  xxvij.  per  ij.  noctes,  et 
xxxj.  per  ij.  noctes,  cum  literia,  candelis  et  forgia,  xxvj.s.  viij.d.  ob.  Pro 
gagiis  V.  armigerorum  in  villa,  viij.s.  viij.d.  Pro  gagiis  xxiij.  garcionum, 
per  iiij.  dies,  xj.s.  vj.d.  Summa,  Ivj.s.  ij.d.  ob. 

Die  Veneris  sequente,  pro  Comitissfei,  Domino  R.  de  Bruis,  dicta  Do- 
mina,^ Domino  G.  de  Monteforti*  et  garnestura;  Panis,  i.  quart,  ij.  bus.  de 
stauro;  item,  de  emptione,  pro  dimid.  quart.,  ii.s.  viij.d.  Vinum,  iij,  sext. 
i.  gal.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Alleces,  vj''.  Piscis,  xij.s.  ob. 
Mareschalcia.  Fcenum  pro  Ivj.  Equis.     Avena,  iiij.  quart,  de  stauro. 

Summa,  xiiij.s.  viij.d.  ob. 

'If 

Die  Sabbati  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis,  praeter  Dominam  ;= 

'  Newbury,  in  Berkshire.  ^  Amogdala,  in  MS. 

^  Margeria  de  Crek,  named  in  the  preceding  entry. 

♦  Guy  de  Montfort,  third  son  of  the  Earl  of  Leicester.  '  Margeria  de  Crek. 


13 

Panis,  ij.  quart,  de  stauro.  Vinum,  iij.  sext.  iij.  gal. ;  portatum  cum  Domina, 
dimid.  sext.  Cervisia,  viij^.  gal.,  xiij.s.  iiij.d.  Coquina.  Alleces,  ■vj'^.  Piscis, 
v.s.  i.d,  Cepae,  yj.d.  Mareschalcia,  Foenum  pro  xliiij.  Equis.  Avena,  iij. 
quart,  ij.  bus.  Summa,  xviij.s.  xj.d. 

Die  Dominica  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis;  Panis,  ij.  quart,  vj.  i5th  March. 
bus.  de  stauro.     Vinum,  iiij.  sext.  i.  gal.     Bradnium.  xj.  quart.  Ordei,  de 
stauro.     Coquina.   AUeces,  m.    Pisces,  xj.s.  i.d.     Mareschalcia.  Foeniun  pro    ' 
xliiij.  Equis.     Avena,  iij,  quart,  ij.  bus.  de  stauro.         Summa,  xj.s.  i.d. 

Die  LuNjE,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis,  ij.  quart,  de  instauro. 
Vinum,  v.  sext.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Alleces,  tj*^.  de  in- 
stauro Castri.  Piscis,  x.s.  viij.d.  ob.  MakereUi,  iiij.s.  Mareschalcia.  Foe- 
num pro  xliiij.  Eqms.     Avena,  iij.  quart,  ij.  bus.  de  instauro  Castri. 

Summa,  xiiij.  s.  viij.d.  ob. 

Doliumf  Die  Martis,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis,  et  Domino  Eadwardo, 
vini.  [et  filio'  Regis  Alemannias,  et  Domino  Henrico  de  Monteforti,^  et 
eorum  familia;  Panis,  iij.  quart,  et  dimid.  Vinum,  xj.  sext.  et  dimid.  Panis 
emptus,  xix.d.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Cervisia  empta,  iij.s.  iiij.d.  Co- 
quina. AUeces,  i".  de  instauro  Castri.  Piscis  marinus,  xviij.s.  Lupi  aqua- 
tic! et  Anguillae,  xxij.s.  i".  Discorum,  vj.s.  viij.d.  [Mareschalcia.]  Foe- 
num pro  c.lxxij.  Equis,  de  stauro.      Avena,  xiij.  quart,  de  stauro,  et  iij.  bus. 

Summa,  Ij.s.  vij.d. 

Die  Mercubii,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis;  Panis,  iij.  quart,  et  dimid.  de 
instauro.  Vinum,  xj.  sext.  et  dimid.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina. 
Alleces,  i".  de  instauro  Castri.  Piscis,  xxvj.s.  Lupi  aquatici,  prius  com- 
putati.  Pro  cariagio  et  portagio  Cervisiae,  a  tempore  adventus  Comitissae 
usque  modo,  xvij.d.     [Mareschalcia.]     Foenum  pro  c.lxxij.  Equis,  de  stauro. 

1  Either  Henry  or  Edmund,  for  both  appear  to  have  been  in  the  custody  of  the  Earl. 
'  Henry  de  Montfort,    eldest   son  of  the  Earl  of  Leicester.    He  was  killed  at  the 
battle  of  Evesham. 


14 

Avena  de  staufo  Castri,  v.  quart.,  et  de  grangia  residuum,  quia  nescivimus 
quantum,  per  defectum  Robert!  de  Conesgrave  et  Ricardi  Gobion. 

Summa,  xxvij.s.  v.d. 

Die  Jovis,  pro  Comite  et  Comitissa;  Panis  iiij.  quart,  de  emptionej  pre- 
tium,  xxij.s. ;  i.  quart,  et  dimid.  de  instauro  Castri.  Vinum,  xviij.  sext.  et 
dimid.  Cervisia  empta,  xij^^.  lagen.  pro  xiiij.s.  Coquina.  i"".  deAllecibus 
de  instauro  Castri,  et  TJj''.  Alleees.  Piscis  marinus,  xxvj.s.  ob.  Lupi  aq)ia- 
tici,  xiiij.s.  vij.d.  ob.  Piscis  de  Stanes,  x.s.  Amygdala,  xxxvj.  lib.  pro 
expensis  prsedictis.  Mareschalda.  Fcenum  pro  ccc.xxxiiij.  Equis,  de  stauro. 
Avena  de  stauro,  xviij.  quart,  dimid;  item,  de  emptione,  pro  ix.  quart,  iij. 
bus.  xviij. s,  ix.d.  Summa,  cv.s.  v.d. 

Die  Veneris,  et  per  xiij.  dies'  sequentes,  in  rotvJo  Comitis. 

AJlocationes  factee  Domino  Guillielmo  de  Wortham,  pro  rebus  missis  ad 
Regem  Alemanniae  et  Comitissam,  usque  Diem  Palmabum.^ 

Pro  ij.  lib.  Zingiber!  et  ij.  lib.  Piperis,  iiij.s.  Pro  xx.  lib.  Amygdalorum, 
iiij.s.  Pro!,  quart.  Croci,  ij.s.  vj.d.  Pro  Pochiis,  ij.d.  Pro  ij.  Caldariis,  ad 
opus  Domini  "Almarici,  xxiij.s.  ob.  Pro  xviij.  Saccis,  viij.s.  vj.d.  Pro  !. 
Vanno,  vij.d.  Pro  i.  barillo  Sturjoni  quidimissus  fuit  Wallingeforde,  ad  opus 
Regis,  xxxj.s.  Pro  Baleyna,  vj.s.  i.d.,  dimissa  ibidem,  ad  opus  ejusdem.  Item, 
pro  c.  et  dimid.  cent.  lib.  Amygdalorum,  xlij.s.  Pro  c.  lib.  Risae,  xiiij.s.  Pro 
X.  lib.  Piperis,  viij.s.  iiij.d.  Pro  vj.  lib.  Canellse,  v.s.  Pro  vj.  lib.  Galingalium, 
ix.s.  Pro  i.  lib.  Croci,  x.s.  Pro  dimid.  lib.  Gariofili,  v.s.  Pro  x.  Kb.  Cimini, 
xx.d.  Pro  Saccis,  xij.d.  Portagium,  iij.  ob.  Pro  x.  lib.  Zingiberi,  xv.s. 
Pro  x.  lib.  Zucari,  x.s.  Item,  pro  Saccis,  ij.d.  Pro  i.  fraello  Racemorum, 
xij.s.  Pro  cc.  de  Balena,  xxxiiij.s.  De  ista  Speceria  missa  Domino  Regi 
Alemanniae,  xx.  lib.  Amygdalorum,  vj.s.,  v.  lib.  Risae,  ix.d,,  ij.  lib.  Piperis, 
xx.d.,  ij.  lib.  Canellae,  xx.d.,  dimid.  lib.  Galingalium,  ix.d.,  i.  lib.  Zingiberi, 
xviij .d.,  ij.  lib.  Zucari,  ij.s.,  et  xx  peciae  de  Balena. 

Summa,  xij.  li.  vij.s.  ij.d. 

'  This  is  an  error  of  the  accountant,  it  should  be,  thirteen  days  including'  the  Friday,  not 
following  it ;  Friday  was  the  20lh  of  March,  and  the  diurnal  entries  recommence  on  Thurs- 
day  the  2nd  of  April ;  see  the  opposite  page.  2  Palm  Sunday,  29th  of  March. 


15 

Soluti  prsecepto  Domini  Guillielmi  de  Wortham,  Die  Mercurii  ante 
•Pascham,  pro  cariagio  vj.  doliorum  vinide  Suhamptona' usque  Odiham,  per 
Guillielmum  Passelewe,  xxxiij.s.  pretium  dolii,  v.s.  TJ.d.  Item,  per  Seman, 
pro  expensis  Picardi  et  W.  Carettarii,  cum  x.  equis,  quaerentium  ij.  dolia 
vini  apud  Portemue,^  v.s.  viij.d.  Pro  gagiis  Dominae  Y.  de  Berkele,  per  iij. 
dies,  vj.s.  iiij.d.  ob.,  per  Seman.  Summa,  xlv.s.  ob. 

Die  Jovis,proxima  ante  Pascham,  proComitissa  et  suis,Comitissa  Insulae,'  2nd  April. 
familia  Domini  A.  de  Monteforti,  tota  familia  Comitis  in  dinerio  existente ; 
Panis  emptus,  x.s. ;  item,  i.  quart,  de  praecomputato ;  et  memorandum,  quod 
cotidie  expendebantur  post  recessum  Comitis  in  canibus  Dominorum  H.  et 
Guidonis  de  Monteforti,  et  Henrici  de  Alemannia,*  vj.  bus.  Vinum,vij.  sext., 
portatum  cum  Comite,  xxxiij.  sext.  Cervisia,  pro  vij'™.  gal.  x.,  de  Basinge- 
stoke,  unde  Ix.  gal.  expendebantur  pro  Comite  ante  recessum  suum.  Die 
Mercurii  praecedente,  viij.s.  ix.d.,  et  pro  x.  galon.,  vijid.  ob.  Bracinium. 
ii.  quart.  Frumenti,  et  v.  quart.  Ordei,  et  ij.  quart,  dimid.  Avenee,  de 
stauro  Castri.  Coquina.  Alleces,  m.  de  stauro.  Pisces,  xvij.s.  Ostrea, 
ij.s.  iij.d.  Lanpreones,  vij.s.  i.d.  Mareschalda.  Foenum  pro  xliiij.  Equis. 
Avena,  ij.  quart,  vij.  bus.  de  froille.^  Summa,  xlv.s.  viij.d.  ob. 

Die  Veneris,  pro  Comitissa  et  prasdictis ;  Panio,  i.  quart,  de  emptione, 
v.s.  viij.d.  Item,  vj.  bus.  frumenti  de  stauro,  pro  canibus.  Cervisia,  prius 
computata.  Coquina.  Alleces,  cccc.  Mareschalda.  Foenum  pro  xxxij.  Equis. 
Avena,  ij.  quart,  de  froille. 

1  Southampton.  ^  Portsmouth. 

3  Isabella,  sister  and  heiress  of  Baldwin,  seventh  Earl  of  Devon  and  second  Earl  of  the 
Isle  of  Wight.  She  married  William  de  Fortibus,  Earl  of  Albemarle,  who  died  in  1259  ; 
her  only  daughter  and  heiress,  Avelina,  became  the  wife  of  Edmund  Earl  of  Lancaster, 
second  son  of  Henry  the  Third. 

«  Henry,  eldest  son  of  Richard,  Earl  of  Cornwall  and  King  of  the  Romans,  called 
Henry  of  Germany  after  his  father's  election  to  the  Imperial  dignity ;  he  surrendered 
himself  to  the  Earl  of  Leicester,  after  the  battle  of  Lewes. 

«  This  entry  was  originally  written,  "  Foenum  pro  ccc.j.\rxwj.  Equis  de  stauro.  Jvena, 
xvilj  quart." 


16 

Pro  expensis  S.  Piscatoris  cum  pluribus  auxiliis,  ad  piscandum  pro  Comite 
apud  Famham,'  per  xj.  dies,  vj.s.  iij.d.  Summa,  xj.s.  xj.d. 

Die  SabbatIj  Vigilia  Pasch^,  pro  Comitissa  et  suis,  praesentibus  Comi- 
tissa  Insiilse  et  fainilia  suaj  Panis  emptus,  viij.s, ;  item,  de  froille,  i.  quart, 
dimid.  Vinum,  ix.  sext.  i.  gal.,  de  quibus  i.  sext.  missus  gentibus  Comi- 
tissse ;  missum  Priorissse  Winteneias,  i.  sext.  Cervisia,  pro  xiiij'^.  gal.  x.s. 
iij.d.  ob.  Coquina.  Alleces,  vj'^.  Pisces,  xv.s.  iij.d.  Lupi,^  xij.s.  Sal, 
xxij.d.  ob.  OUae  terreas,  iiij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Fcenum  pro  Iviij.  Equis,  de 
quibus  Comitissa  habuit  xv.    Avena,  iiij.  quart,  ij.  bus.  de  froille. 

Summa,  xlvij.s.  ix.d. 

Pascha.        Die  Pasch^,  pro  Comitissa  et  prasdictis ;  Panis  de  emptione,  vii.s ;  item, 
Easter  Day,  ..  .     .  .  .  .  _  i.  3      j     i  7 

5th  April.   11.  quart,  dimid.  de  froille.    Vinum,  xj.  sext.  dimid. ;  missum  gentibus  Co- 

mitissae,  i.   sext.     Cervisia,  prius    computata.     Coquina.     Grossae   cames 

emptae  in  grosso,  xxix.s.  xj.d.     Sagimen,  xx.d.   Pullse,  vj.s.  viij.d.    Caprioli, 

v.s.  iij.d.    Ova,  iiij.s.  i.d.  ob.     Mustard,  ii.s.  vj.d.     Mareschalcia.     Fcenum 

pro  Iviij.  Equis.     Avena,  iiij.  quart,  ij.  bus.  de  froille. 

Summa,  Ivij.s.  i.d.  ob. 

Dolium 


vim. 


Die  LuNiE,  pro  Comitissa  et  prasdictis,  Comitissa  Insulse  rece- 
dente  post  prandium ;  Panis,  iij.  quart,  de  froille.  Boletellse,  ij.s. 
iij.  ob.  Super  expensis  pro  Pauperibus  per  totam  Quadragesimam  extra, 
sine  Pauperibus  pastis  intra,  xviij.  quart.  Vinum,  viij.  sext.;  missum  gen- 
tibus Comitissae,  i.  sext.  Ollae,  iij.  ob.  Cervisia,  priuis  computata.  Coquina. 
i.  Bos  dimid.  de  stauro  Castri.  iiij.  Bacones.  iiij.  Multones.  Vitula,  xxj.d. 
Caprioli,  ,»     Mareschalcia.      Fcenum  pro  xxxv.  Equis.     Avena,  ij. 

quart,  i.  bus.  dimid.  de  stauro.     Forgia,  iij.s.  ob. 

Luminona  pro  alba  candela,  v.d.     Luminona  de  Walingeforde,  xx.d.* 

Summa,  ix.s.  iij.  ob.' 

'  The  fish-ponds  of  the  Bishop  of  Winchester,  at  Farnham,  are  still  in  repute. 
2  i.  e.  Lupi  aquatki.  a  The  price  is  struck  out. 

"  The  abbreviation  Amigd.  for  Amigdala  follows  here  in' the  roll  but  is  struck  out. 
5  This  total  was  originally  written,  "  viijs.  i.d.  ob." 


17 

Die  Martis,  pro  Comitissa  et  suis,  praesentibus  Reginaldo  Foliot'  et  7th  April, 
uxore ;  Panis,  ii.  quart,  ii.  bus.  Vinum,  iij.  sext.  Cervisia,  pro  ss.  gal., 
xv.d.  Coguina.  Dimid.  Bovis,  iij.  Bacones,  iij.  Multones,  de  staxiro.  Mul- 
tones  empti,  iij.s.  iiij.d.  Vituli,  xiiij.d.  Caprioli,  de  manerioj  viij.  Mares- 
chalcia.  Foenum  pro  xxxv.  Equis.  Avena,  ij.  quart,  i.  bus.  dimid.  de  froille. 
De  Spiceria,  iij.  lib.  Pipeiis,  Zingiberi,  Canellae  et  Galingalium,  et  i.  xincia 
Gariofili,  xiij.  lib.  Risae.  Amigdala,  xxxviij.  lib.  iiij.  fraella  Ficuum,  et  i. 
Racenjorum,  pro  Quadragesima.  Summa,  v.s.  ix.d. 

SUMMA  HUJUS  ROTULI,  XLI.  LI.  IV.S. 


In  dorso  membraruB  secundcB. 

ODIHAM. 

Pro  oblationibus  Comitissas,  a  Dominica  prima  Quadragesim>e  usque 
Diem  Pasch.e,^  neutro  die  computato,  per  manus  Domini  Fulqonis  Consta- 
bularii,*  W.  de  Leycestria  et  J.  Scotti,  vij.s.  iiij.d. 

Pro  garcione  Philippi  Walensis  quserente  Magistrum  A.  de  Belestude,  per 
Dominum  Almaricum  in  principio  Quadragesima,  per  xviij.  dies,  pro 
heveden',  iij.s. 

Gobithesti  deferenti  litteras  Comitissse  Domino  S.  de  Monteforti,  in  Cras- 
TiNO  Pasch^e,*  vj.d. 

Picardo  pro  capa  Comitissae  portanda  Londinum,  iiij.d. 

Pro  expensis  garcionis  W.  Clerici,  cum  dinerio  ejusdem  versus  Londinum, 
et  R.  de  Konesgrave,  xij.d. 

Missi  Johaimi  de  Mucia,  prsecepto  Comitissae,  Die  Jovis'  post  Octa- 

VAS  PaSCHA,  ij'S. 

•  See  p.  6,  ante.  -  From  the  22nd  of  February  to  the  5th  of  April. 

»  A  member  of  the  Yorkshire  famUy  of  Constable.  "  Wapentake  of  Dickering,  Co. 
York. — Item,  the  jurors  say  that  Sir  Fulk  Constable  was  taken  at  Kenilworth,  and  after- 
wards tarried  with  the  Countess  of  Leicester,  wherefore  Sir  Richard  de  Tweng  took  pos- 
session of  the  land  of  the  said  Fulk,  in  Flotmanby,  and  it  is  worth  5  marks,  per  annum, 
and  is  holden  of  the  fee  of  Sir  William  Constable,  by  military  service."  Inquit.  de  retell. 
pott  helium  Evesham,  no.  179;  ^J  orig.  in  Turr.  Lond. 

«  The  Morrow  of  Easter  Day,  6th  of  April.  '  16th  of  ApriL 

D 


18 

Pro  litteris  Domisellse  A.  de  Monteforti  deferendis  Domino  Edewardo,  in 
CrastinOj'  vj.d. 

Dati  Nutrici  praedictse  A.,  in  Septimana  Pasch^,  xij.d. 

Prasstiti  eidem,  in  Septimana  Pcenosa,"  iiij.s. 

Dati  Cumitario  Comitissse  Glovernise,*  ducenti  Comitissam  de  Cipeham^ 
usque  Odiham,  ad  Quindenam  Pasch^,  prsecepto  ejusdem,  v.s. 

Liberati  Cristianae,  praecepto   ejusdem,   pro  expensis  in    eundo   Cices- 
triam^  in  peregrinationem,  iij.s.  iij.d. 

Pro  litteris  Comitissaj'  deferendis  Domino  S.  de  Monteforti,  Die  Mabtis^ 
post  OcTAVAS  Pasch^,  viij.d.? 

Missi  Dominae  Aviciae  de  Fauqunberga,  Moniali  Wherewelliae,^  Die  Mer- 
cuEii  sequente,  pragcepto  Comitissae,  -vj.s.  viij.d. 

Pro  oblationibus  Comitissae  et  famUias,  a  Die  Pasch^  et  per  viij.  dies 
sequentes,  per  J.  Scot,  ij.s,  vij.d. 

Pro  i.  capitio  sindonis  nigri  ad  opus  Comitisss,  empto  de  W.  de  Bernelle, 
in  Septimana  Pasch^,  xiiij.s. ;   qui  debentur  adhuc  eidem. 

Pro  i.  furura  minuti  varii,  pro  Domisella  A.  de  Monteforti,  empta  de  Jo- 
hanne  de  Norhamptona,^  eodem  tempore,  xviij.s.j  qui  debentur  adhuc  eidem. 

Soluti  Monialibus  Winteneiae  pro  i.  capa  facienda,  ad  opus  Fratris  J. 
Angeli,  de  dono  Comitissae,  ad  Pascham,  x.s. 

Liberati  Domisellse  Hawisiae,""  Die  Mebcurii"  proxima  [post]  Quinde- 
nam Pasch^,  praecepto  Comitissae,  x.s. 
SUMMA,  IV.LI.  X.si2.  X.D. 

^  That  is  to  say  on  the  following  day,  Friday.  2  Passion  Week. 

»  It  is  uncertain  whether  the  Countess  of  Gloucester  here  noticed,  was  the  mother  or 
the  wife  of  Gilbert  de  Clare,  seventh  Earl  of  Gloucester  and  Hertford.     See  p.  24,  seq. 

*  Chippenham,  in  Wilts.  '  Chichester.  ^  Tuesday,  14th  of  April. ' 

'  Originally  written  wvjJ.,  but  struck  out  '  Whemell,  a  Benedictine  Nunnery, 

near  Andover  in  Hampshire.  »  Probably  John  de  Northampton,  an  eminent  merchant 

of  London,  who  was  Sheriff  in  1253,  and  again  in  1261. 

1"  The  sister  of  William  de  Wortham,  (see  p.  9.  ante.)  was  named  Hazvisia,  to  whom  he 
gave  all  his  land  at  Felmingham,  Co.  Norfolk.  Inguis.  de  rebell.  post  helium  Evesham,  no. 
320 ;  ea:  orig.  in  Turr.  Land.  "  ]5th  of  April.  12  ^  ^y^^^^^  ^^   ^^  ^ 


19 

Membrana  tertia. 

Die  Mercurii  sequente,  in  Septimana  PaschjE,  pro  Comitdssa  et  familia  sth  April, 
sua,  et  gamestura;  Panis,  ij.  quart,  dimid,  de  froille.  Vinum,  iiij.  sext. ; 
missum  Priorissas  de  Winteneie,  i.  sext.  Cervisia,  xxj'^.  galon.,  xvj.s.  Co- 
quina.  Alleces,  c,  prius  computati.  Pisces^  iii.s.  TJ.d.  Games  emptas,  jx.s. 
vj.d.  Pinguedo,  xj.d.  Ova,  iiij.s.  i.d.  Mareschalcia.  Fcenum  pro  xliiij. 
Equis.    Avena,  ij.  quart.  TJ.  bus.,  prius  computata.      Summa,  xxxdiij.s. 

Die  Jovis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis,  praesente  Priorissa  Dam- 
brebiria' ;  Panis,  ij.  quart,  vj.  bus.  de  froille.  Vinum,  v.  sext.  Cervisia,  prius 
computata.  Coquina.  Dimid.  Bovis,  ij.  Bacones,  et  ij.  Multones,  de  stauro. 
Pullae,  ij.s.  Ova,  prius  computata.  Lac,  iiij.d.  ob.  ij.  Caprioli,  de  stauro. 
Mareschalcia.  Foenum  pro  xlviij.  Equis ;  Avena,  iij.  quart. ;  de  quibus  Pri- 
orissa habuit  X.  Equos.  Summa,  ij.s.  iiij.d.  ob. 

Die  Veneris  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis,  ij.  quart,  dimid. 
de  froille.  Vinum,  iiij.  sext.  i.  gal.  Bracinium.  iiij.  quart.  Ordei,  et  vij. 
quart.  Avenae,  de  stauro.  Coquina.  Alleces,  v*^.,  de  stauro.  Pisces,  prius 
computati.  Gruellus,  xvj.d.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum  pro  xlviij.  Equis.  Avena, 
iij.  quart.,  de  stauro.  Summa,  xvj.d. 

Die  Sabbati  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis,  praesente  Domino  A. 
de  Monteforti,  cum  xiij.  equis ;  Panis,  iij.  quart,  de  froUle.  Vinum,  v.  sext. 
dimid.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  AUeces,  v''.  de  stauro.  Pro 
Piscibus  prius  computatum.  Ova,  empta  in  grosso,  x.s.  ix.d.  ob.  Mares- 
chalcia.    Foenum  pro  Ixj.  Equis.^    Avena,  iiij.  quart,  i.  bus.,  de  stauro. 

Simima,  x.s.  ix.d.  ob. 

Die  Dominica  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis;  Panis,  iij.  quart,  ij.  12th  April. 

■  De  Ambresbiria.  Amesbury,  in  Wiltshire,  a  Nunnery  of  the  Order,  and  a  ceJl  to  the 
Abbey,  of  Font-Evraud,  in  Anjou. 

*  Equo  in  MS.,  but  the  entire  sentence,  from  "  Piicibus"  to  "quart.,"  was  erased  and 
rewritten. 


20 


bus.,  de  stauro.  Viimm,  vj.  sext.  i.  gal.  Cervisia,  pro  x.'^''  galon.,  vij.s. 
viij.d.  Coguina.  Grossse  carnes,  pro  ij.  Bobus,  iiij.  Multonibus,  et  iij. 
Vitulis,  emptis,  xxij.s.  x.d.  Pinguedo  et  lardum,  ij.s.  vj.d,  Pullagium,  vij.s. 
ix.d.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum  pro  bciij.  Equis.  A  vena,  iiij.  quart,  ij.  bus.,  de 
stauro.  Summa.  xl.s.  ix.d. 


Die  LuNiE  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  familia,  Domino  A.  et  Pricrissa 
recedentibus ;  Panis,  ij.  quart,  ij.  bus.,  de  stauro.  Vinum,  iiij.  sext. ;  dimid. 
sext.  portatus  cum  Domino  A.,  et  iij.  gal.  cum  Priorissa.  Cervisia,  prius 
computata.  Coquina.  i.  Bos,  ij.  Multones,  ij.  Bacones,  de  stauro,  expensi 
Die  Dominica  preecedente,  et  isto  die  dimid.  Bovis,  ij.  Boves,  ij.  Bacones, 
et  i.  Multo,  de  stauro.  Mustarde,  ij.s.  vj.d.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum  pro 
xxxvij.  Equis.    Avena,  ij.  quart,  iij.  bus.,  de  stauro.     Summa,  ij.s.  vj.d. 

Die  Martis,  pro  Comitissa  et  familia,  cum  viij''.  Pauperibus ;  Panis,  iiij. 
quart,  vj.  bus.,  unde  Pauperes,  iij.  quart.  Vinum,  iij.  sext.  Cervisia,  prius 
computata,  eti.  dolium  Ciser«  pro  Pauperibus.  Goquina.  ij.  Boves,  dimid., 
viij.  Bacones,  de  stauro.  PisK,  dimid.  quart.,  de  stauro.  Ova  et  Pullas,  prius 
computata.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum  pro  xxxviij.  Equis.  Avena,  ij.  quart, 
iij.  bus.,  de  stauro.     Forgia,  xxij.d.     Pro  Luminun,  xviij.d. 

Summa,  iij.s.  iiij.d.' 

Computatum  cum  Roberto  de  Westmol',  Die  SABBATipostPAscHAM,  pro 
c.xix.  Ub.  Cerae,  receptis  apud  Walingeford,  ante  Natale,='  c.xvj.s.  Pro  Ix, 
lib.  Amygdalorum,  xij.s.  vj.d.  Pro  vj.  lib.  Zingiberi,'  xv.s.  Pro  viij.  lib. 
Piperis,  xviij.s.  viij.d.  Pro  vj.  lib.  Canellae,  vj.s.  Pro  i.  lib.  Croci,  xiiij.s. 
Pro  i.  lib.  Gariofili,  xiiij.s.  Pro  xij.  lib.  Zucari,  xij.s.  Pro  vj.  lib.  albi 
pulveris,  cum  Macis,  vj.s.  Pro  i.  buxa  Gingibrade,  ij.s.  iiij.d.  Pro  Pouches 
et  Coriis,  vj.d.  Ista  capta  fuerunt  ante  Natale,  per  Colinum  Cissorem. 
Item,  pro  iiij.  lib.  Gingibrade,  per  Ricardum  Gobion,  xij.s.  Pro  xj.  lib.  et 
dimid.   Zucari,   et  x.   lib.   Risee,  per  W.  Clericum,  ante  Carniprivium, 

'  This  total  was  originally  written  tmvij.d.,  but  corrected. 
^  Cliristmas.  3  Written  Galingal'  at  first. 


21 

xv.s.  iij.d.  Item,  per  Colinum  Cissorem,  ad  Purificatioxem,  pro  viij.  lib. 
Piperis,  viij.s.  Pro  vj.  Hb.  Zingiberi,  viij.s.  Pro  Canevacio,  iiij.d.  Pro 
XX.  lib.  Amygdalorum,  iiij.s.  ij.d.  Pro  i.  quart.  Croci,  iij.s.  Pro  dimid.  lib. 
Citoaldi,  ij.s.,  per  W.  Clericum. 

Summa,  xiij.  li.  x.s.  ix.d. ;   qid  debentur  eidem  Roberto,  per  talliam. 

Liberatse  de  Garderoba  ad  Coquinam ;  xv.  lib.  Risae ;  pro  fratribus,  viij. 
lib.  Amygdalorum ;  pro  Capella,  ab  adventu  Comitissae  usque  Octavas 
Pasch^,  viij.  lib.  Cerae;  pro  Hospitio,  usque  ad  idem  tempus,  xxxviij.  lib. 
Liberata  Domino  Almarico,  in  Octabis  PAscHiE,  liiij.  lib.  Cerae,  et  liij.  lib. 
Alem''.  Pro  Cariagio  i.  dolii  Vini,  Cerse  et  Amygdalorum,  de  Porecestria^ 
usque  Odiham,  vij.s.  Pro  expensis  W.  Clerici  euntis  ibidem,  iij.d.  Pro 
lectis  Boletti,  per  dimidiam^  Quadragesimam,  iij.d. 

Summa,  vij.s.  "\-j.d. 
Incepit  Eudo.* 

Die  Mercurii,  pro  Comitissa  et  familia;  Panis,  i.  quart,  et  vj.  bus. 
Vinum,  iij.  sext.  et  vj.  gal.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Alleces, 
iiij*^.  In  Pisce,  viij.s.  viij.d.  In  Ovis,  ij.s.  In  Sale,  iij.s.  Mareschalcia. 
Foenum  ad  xl.  Equos,  de  instauro  Castri.     Avena,  ij.  quart,  et  dimid. 

Summa,  xiij.s.  viij.d. 

Die  Jovis,  pro  Comitissa,  post  prandium  recedente,  et  Domino  Anketilo 
de  Martivalle,  per  totam  noctem  commorante,'  et  prasdictis ;  Panis,  i.  quart, 
vj.  bus.  Vinum,  iij.  sext.,  et  i.  sext.  portatus  cum  Domina  Comitissa. 
Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  iij.  quart.  Bovis,  pro  Aula  et  Pauperi- 
bus.  In  dimid.Bovis,  et  i.  Multone,  iij.s.  et  vj.d.  In  ij.  Vitulis,  xviij.d. 
Pullae,  xviij.d.  Ova,  prius  computata.  Olera  empta,  a  Festo  Pasco^ 
usque  hue,  vj.d.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum  pro  xviij.  Equis.  Avena,  i.  quart, 
ij.  bus.  et  dimid.,  de  instauro  Castri.  Summa,  vij.s. 

•  Aluminis,  alum  ?  '  Porchester,  in  Hampshire.  '  Ori^^inally  written  totam. 

■*  This  note  appears  to  indicate  that  another  clerk,  named  Eudo,  began  to  keep  the 
account;  his  writing  is  much  neater  than  that  of  his  predecessor. 
'  The  words  from  "post"  to  "  commorante,"  are  interlined. 


22 

Die  Veneris,  pro  quadam  parte  familise  commorante  apud  Odiham; 
Paxils,  yj.  bus.,  pro  familia  et  Pauperibus.  Vinum,  i.  gal.  Cervlsla  empta, 
x-vj™.  gal.,  xij.s.  iij.d.  Coquina.  AUeces,  i".  et  dimid.  Piscis,  prius  com- 
putatus.  Ova,  prius  computata.  Stocfis,  iij.,  de  instauro.  Mareschalcia. 
Fcenum  ad  xij.  Equos.    Avena,  vj.  bus.,  de  instauro.     Summa,  xij.s.  iij.d. 

Die  Sabbati,  pro  Comitissa  et  prsedictis,  et  Domino  Roberto  de  Brus ;' 
Panis,  i.  quart,  et  ij.  bus.  Vinum,  ij.  sext.  i.  gal.  Cervisia,  i.  braciatura, 
V.  quart.  Ordei,^  iiij.  quart.  Avenae.  Coquina.  Alleces,  v'^.  In  Pisce,  viij.s. 
iiij.d.  Ova,  iij°.,  x.d.  ob.  Mareschalcia.  Fcenum  pro  xxxvij.  Equis.  Avena, 
ij.  quart,  et  dimid.^  Summa,  ix.s.  ij.d.  ob. 

19th  April.  Die  Dominica,*  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  et  dimid. 
Vinum,  iij.  sext.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Dimid.  Bovis,  de 
instauro  Castri.  i.  Baconus.  In  Camibus  emptis,  xij.s.  iiij.d.  ob.  In 
Pullis,  v.s.  i.d.  In  vij''.  Ovorum,  ij.s.  ob.  Caprioli,  viij.,  de  instauro  Castri 
prseexpedito.  Mareschalcia.  Fcenum  [ad]  xxxiiij.  Equos.  Avena,  ij. 
quart,  i.  bus.,  de  instauro.     Forgiaj  iij.s.  ix.d.  Summa,  xxiij.s.  iij.d. 

Die  Lunj3  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis,  vij.bus.  de  froille. 
Vinum,  ij.  sext.  dimid.  lagen.,  pro  Coquina.  Cervisia,  prius  computata. 
Coquina.  iij.  quart.  Bovis,  de  stauro.  ij.  Caprioli,  de  manerio.  Cames 
recentes,  Pullse  et  Ova,  prius  computata.  Mareschalcia.  Fcenum  pro  xxx. 
Equis,  de  instauro.    Avena,  ij.  quart. 

Die  Martis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis,  vj.  bus.  de 
froille.  Vinum,  ij.  sext.  dimid. ;  missum  ^Dominae  Swalefelde,'  ij.  sext. 
Cervisia,  prsecomputata.  Coquina.  iij.  quart.  Bovis,  de  stauro,  et  i.  Multo. 
iij.  Caprioli  de  manerio.  Pullae,  prius  computatae.  Ova,  xiiij.d.  Mareschalcia. 
Fcenum  pro  xxx.  Equis,  de  instauro.     Avena,  ij.  quart.     Summa,  xiiij.d. 

'  See  p.  11,  unte.  2  Ordey,  in  MS. 

5  To  this  entry  is  annexed  the  following  marginal  note ;  "  ij.  dolia  vini,  i.  albi,  et  aliud 
rubei ;  de  albo  eeperunt  gentes  Comitis  circa  iiij.  sejet." 
*  This  entry  is  interlined  in  MS.  «  Swallowfield,  in  Berkshire. 


23 

Die  Mercurii  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis;  Pauls,  rj.  bus.  de 
froille.  Vinum,  ij.  sext.  dimid;  missum  Winteneiam,  dimid.  sext.'  Cervisia, 
prius  computata.  Coquina?  Dimid.  Bovis,  de  stauro.  Carnes  emptae,  vij.s. 
x.d.  ob.  Pisces,  iij.s.  x.d.  Sagimen,^  v.s.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum  pro  xxviij. 
Eqms,  de  instauro.    Avena,  i.  quart,  et  dimid.  ij.  bus. 

Summa,  xTJ.s.  viij.d.  ob. 

Die  Jovis,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis,  vij.  bus.  defroyle.  Vinum, 
ij.  sext.  et  dimid.  Cervisia,  prius  computata,  Coquina.  i.  Bos,^  de  instauro. 
Pullae,  iiij.s.  v.d.  Ova,  iij.s.  iiij.  Caprioli,  de  instauro.  Discae,  xxij.d.  Ma- 
reschalcia.    Foenum  pro  xxxj.  Equis.     Avena,  ij.  quart. 

Summa,  ix.s.  iij.d. 

Die   Veneris,  pro  Comitissa  et  prsedictis ;    Panis,  vj.  bus.  de  froyle.  24th  Apni. 
\  inum,  ij.  sext,     Cervisia,  prius  computata.     Coquina.     Alleces,  iij*^.,  de  in- 
stauro.    Piscis  emptus,  vij.s.  viij.d.     Ova,  viij.d.     Mareschalcia.     Fcenum 
pro  xxxj.  Equis.     Avena,  ij.  quart,  i.  bus.     Forge,  pro  vj''^.  ferraturis  equo- 
rum,  i".  clavorum,  vij.s.  vij.d,  ob,  Summa,  xv.s.  xj.d.  ob. 

Summa  totalis,  XXI.li.  XVIILs.  VIII.d.  ob." 


In  dorso  membrance  tertia. 

Die  LunjE^  proxima  ante  Pascham,  pro  expensis  Boletti,  cum  i.  equo, 
ducentis  datas  et  speceriam  Kenilworthe,  ad  opus  Domini  Regis  Alemanniae, 

ij.s. 

In  Crastino  PAscHiE/  dati  nimcio  Dominae  Lorettae  de  Monteforti,  ve- 
nienti  de  Francia,  praecepto  Comitissse,  ij.s. 

'  Interlined  in  MS.  ^  This  is  repeated  in  MS. 

'  This  word  is  interlined ;  Seech'  for  Secehimen,  having  been  written  and  struck  out. 

*  Written  Bov',  for  Bovis,  in  MS.  '  This  sum  does  not  include  the  last  five  days 

of  the  membrane,  but  only  the  expenses  up  to  Sunday  the  19th  of  April;  the  total  of  the 
entire  membrane  is,  xxiv.li.  i.s.  ix.d.  ob.  ^  30th  of  March.  ^  6th  of  April, 


24 

ViGiLi^  Apostolobum  Philippi  et  Jacobi,'  dati  nuncio  Domini  Simonis 
de  Monteforti,  prsecepto  ejusdem,  xij.d. 

Die  eadem,  Boletto  deferenti  litteras  Comiti,  usque  Gloverniam/      viij.d. 

Die  Lunjl^  in  crastino  Quinden^  Pasch^,  dati  nuncio  Priorissae  de 
Ambrebiria,  prsecepto  ComitissBe,  xij.d. 

Eadem  die,  Diqon  deferenti  litteras  Domino  P.  de  Monteforti*  et  Cancel- 
lario^  Domini  Regis,  pro  negotiis  dictae  Priorissae,  viij.d. 

Die  Mebcubii  sequente,  Hicque  Cissori  eunti  Londinum,  per  ij.  vices,  ij.s., 
de  quibus  non  computavit. 

ViGiLiA  Apostolorum  Philippi  et  Jacobi,  dati  nuncio  Dominae  Mar- 
geriae  de  Crek,  praecepto  ComitissEe,  xij.d. 

Pro  i.  garcione  eunte  Peveneseiam,*  ad  Dominum  S.  de  Monteforti,  pro 
negotiis  dictae  Dominee,  viij.d. 

Pro  i.  garcione  quaerente  oleum  lauri,  Londini,  iij.d. 

Pro  Utteris  Comitissae  deferendis  Comitissis  Lincolniae  et  Glovemiae,  vj.d. 

Pro  xiiij.  acubus  ad  coifiFas,  pro  camera,  longis,  ij.d.  ob. 

Pro  ij.  sellis  et  i.  superdosserio,  ad  longam  carettam,  emptis  Londini,  Vigi- 
liiA  Sanct^  Crucis,^  per  W.  Caretarium,  x.s.  i.d. 

Pro  Gobithesti  deferente  litteras  Comitissae  uxori'  Comitis  Glovemias, 
usque  Kaerdif,'  ij,s. 

Soluti,  per  manus  Domini  Ricardi  de  Haveringe,  CapeUano  celebranti 
Oxoniae,'"  pro  Domino  S.  de  Monteforti,  Die  Sabbati"  post  Inventionem 
Sanct^  Cbucis,  xxvj.s,  viij.d.  J  et  sic  estsolutus  de  anno  xlix.""  usque  ad 
AssuMPTiONEM,  quas  est  finis  anni  sui. 

Eadem  die  soluti,  per  manus  ejusdem,  apud  Oxoniam,  pro  scriptura  Bre- 
viarii'^  DomiseUee  A.  de  Monteforti,  per  visum  fratris  G.  Boyon,  xiiij.s. 

1  30th  of  April.  2  Gloucester.  3  13th  of  April.  *  Peter  de  Montfort,  the 

eighth  Baron  by  tenure,  of  his  name.  He  fell  at  the  Battle  of  Evesham,  fighting  under 
the  Earl  of  Leicester.  s  See  p.  4,  ante.  «  Pevensey,  in  Sussex.        '  2nd  of  May. 

8  The  wife  of  Gilbert  de  Clare,  seventh  Earl  of  Gloucester  and  Hertford.  See  p.  18,  ante. 

0  Caerdiff,  in  Glamorganshire,  S.  W.  "  The  prayers  were  probably  offered  for 

the  preservation  of  Simon  de  Montfort,  junior.  "  9th  of  May. 

■^  See  p.  9,  ante,  for  the  purchase  of  vellum  for  this  Breviary. 


25 

Emptiones  factae  Londini,  ad  Inventionem  Sanct^  Crucis,  per  W. 
Clericum  et  N.  Cissorem.' 

Pro  xij.  ulnis  scarletti  nibei  pro  robis  Domini  Regis  Alemanniae,  contxa 
Pentecosten,^  emptis  de  Johanne  de  Wilehale,  iiij.  li.  iiij.s.,  pretium 
ulnae,  vij.s. ;  qui  debentur  eidem,  solvendi  ad  Octavas  Pentecostes.' 

Pro  vj.  ulnis  et  dimidia  radii  tincti  in  grana,  pro  i.  roba  sulrata  ad  opus 
Domini  E.  filii  sui,*  de  robis  Baingnard/ lij.s.,  pretium  ubiae,viij.s.;  solvendi 
ad  prsedictum  terminum. 

Item,  pro  ix.  ulnis  radii  Parisiensis  pro  roba  aestiva,  corsetto,  et  clochia, 
pro  eodem,  emptis  de  Philippo  de  Hadestoke,^  xxxvj.s.  viij.d.,  pretium  ulnae 
iiij.s.,  et  viij.  den.  amplius  in  toto ;  qui  debent  eidem  ad  praedictum  terminum 
solvi. 

Pro  i.  panno  scarletti  sanguinei,  pro  Comitissa  et  filia  sua,  empto  de  Luca 
de  Luqa,7  eodem  tempore,  viij.  H.  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Pro  iij.  capitiis  sindonis  pro  Rege  et  filio  suo,  de  quibus  unum  remansit 
in  Garderoba  Comitissae,  emptis  de  eodem  Luca,  xlij.s.;  qui  debentur  eidem. 

Pro  argento  Dei  dato  pro  praedictis,  iiij.d. 

'  The  marginal  note,  non  sol.,  i.  e.,  not  paid,  is  affixed  to  all  the  entries  on  this  page, 
except  the  last. 
2  Whitsunday  fell  on  the  24th  of  May,  in  1265.  1st  of  June. 

*  Edmund,  second  sou  of  Richard,  King  of  the  Romans,  but  the  eldest  by  his  second 
wife  Sanchia,  daughter  of  Raimond-B6renger,  Earl  of  Provence,  succeeded  his  father, 
as  Earl  of  Cornwall,  in  1271,  and  was  one  of  the  Regents  of  England  from  the  demise  of 
Henry  the  Third,  in  1272,  until  the  arrival  of  Edward  the  First,  in  1274.  He  died  in  1308, 
without  issue,  when  the  title  became  extinct,  his  younger  brother,  Richard,  having  been 
killed  at  the  siege  of  Berwick,  in  1296. 

*  Robert  Baynard,  a  draper  and  merchant  of  London,  banished  from  the  city  for  his 
adherence  to  the  Earl  of  Leicester.     MS.  Harl.  690,  S.  131,  132. 

6  The  Hadestocks,  or  Hadestokes,  were  eminent  citizens  and  merchants  of  London  in 
the  time  of  Henry  the  Third ;  no  particular  notice  is  found  respecting  Philip  in  the  chro- 
nicles of  the  times,  but  it  appears,  by  the  Patent  Roll,  49  Henry  HI.,  that  Simon  and  WU- 
liam  de  Hadestoke  were  of  the  party  in  the  City  of  London  which  sided  with  the  Earl  of 
Leicester,  and  forfeited  their  possessions,  after  the  battle  of  Evesham. 

?  Lucas  de  Lucca,  an  Italian  merchant  settled  in  London,  he  was  afterwards  much 
employed  by  Edward  the  First,  in  contracting  loans,  and  in  other  political  affairs. 

E 


26 

Pro  pannis  retondendis  et  portandis,  xv.d.  ob. 

Pro  expensis  W.  Clerici,  Hicqe  Cissoris  et  Colini,  ibidem/  per  ^.  dies,  cum 
iij.  equis,  cum  expensis  W.Carettarii,  per  i.  noctem,  cum  uno  equo, 

xj.s.  vij.d.  ob. 

2  Pro  i.  furrura  et  dimidia,  et  i.  capitio  de  minuto  vario,  pro  Domino 
Edmundo  filio  Regis  Alemannise,  emptis  de  W.  Red',  xxvij.s.,  qui  debentur 
eidem.     Et  memorandum,  quod  Rex  Alemannias  habuit  capitium. 

Pro  i.  uncia  serici  empta  per  Hicque  Cissorem,  pro  Comitissa,  ij.s. 

Pro  iij.  unciis  fili  tincti,  xij.d. 

Pro  superplusagio  expensarum  Hiqe  Cissoris  euntis  Londinum  et  redeuntis, 
cum  ij.  equis,  per  v.  dies,  xij.d. 

Proij.  paribus  botarum,  ad  opus  DomisellEB  Alianorae  de  Monteforti,  emptis 
de  Henrico  Leif,  ad  Inventionem  Sanct^  Crucis,  ij.s.iiij.d. 

Pro  i.  pari  sotularium,  ad  opus  Domisellffi  A.  de  Watham,  vj.d. 

Membrana  quarta. 

Die  Sabbati,  pro  Comitissa,  Abbate  de  Waverleia,*  Domino  Ricardo 
Capellano  de  Kemesing,^  et  prsedictis ;  Panis,  vij.  bus.  de  froyle.  Vinum, 
ij.  sext.  et  dimid.  et  i.  gal.  Cerxisia  ex  emptione,  ixJ^.  gal.  et  viij.,  vij.s. 
iij.d. ;  cariagium,  iij.d.  Coquina,  AUeces,  ij^.  de  instauro.  Piscis  emptus, 
viij.s.  vj.d.  Butirum,  vj.d.  Ova,  xij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Fcenum  pro  xxxj. 
Equis.     Avena,  ij.  quart.  Summa,  xvij.s.  vj.d. 

26th  April.  Die  Dominica,  pro  Comitissa,  et  Domino  Ricardo  Capellano  de  Keme- 
singe,  et  Domino  Johanne  Rectore  ecclesise  de  Kateringtone,^  et  famUia; 
Panis,  vij.  bus.  Vinum,  ij.  sext.  iij.  gal.  Cervisia,  prius  computata. 
Coquina.  i.  Bos  et  dimid.,  iij.  Multones,  xvj.s.  Vituli,  iij.s.  iij.d.  Pullse, 
iij.s.  viij.d.  Caprioli,  ij.,  de  instauro  Castri.  Ova,  c.  et  dimid.,  de  redditu. 
Ova  empta,  viij.d.  ob.  q*.  Lac,  ij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Fcenum  pro  xxxij. 
Equis.    Avena,  ij.  quart,  et  i.  bus.  Summa,  xxiij.s.ix.d.  ob.  q*. 

>  i.  e.,  at  London.  ^  ^on  sol.,  marginal  note  in  MS.  ^  gge  p.  5,  ante,  note. 

*  Kemsing,  in  Kent.  °  Catherington,  in  Hampshire. 


Die  LunjE,  pro  Comitissa,  et  Domino  Ricardo  Capellano  de  Kemesinge, 
etfamilia;  Panis,  vj.  bus.  de  froyle.  Vinum,  ij.  sext.  iij.  gaL  Cervisia, 
prills  computata.  Coquina.  Caro  recens,  prius  computata.  i.  Bos,  et 
dimid.  Bacun,  de  instauro.  i.  Multo  recens,  de  instauro,  et  ii.  Caprioli. 
Ova,  xij.d.  ob.  Mareschalda.  Fosnum  pro  xxxj.  Equis.  Avena,  ij.  quart, 
et  i,  bus.  Summa,  xij.d.  ob. 

'Die  Martis,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis;  Panis,  yj.  bus.  de  froyle. 
Vinum,  iij.  sext.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coqnina.  Dimidium  Bovis, 
de  instauro  Castri.  i.  Multo,  et  i.  Vitulus,  iij.s.  iij.d.  PuUae,  prius  com- 
putatae.  Ova,  v*^.,  xvij.d.  ob.  Lac,  i.d.  Mareschalda.  Fcenum  pro 
xxxvj.  Equis,  de  stauro.     Avena,  ij.  quart,  v.  bus,,  de  stauro  Constabularii. 

Summa,  iiij.s.  ix.d.  ob. 

Pro  canibus  Domini  Henrici  de  Monteforti  et  Domini  Guidonis,  per  ix. 
dies  praecedentes ;  Panis,  iij.  quart.,  pro  xlvj.  canibus. 

Die  Mercurii  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis,  vj.  bus.  de 
froile.  Vinum,  ij.  sext.  iij.  gal.  Cervisia  braciniata,  vij.  quart.  Ordei,  et 
ij.  quart.  Avense  de  froile.  Coquina.  Dimidium  Bovis,  de  stauro  Castri. 
Piscis,  v.s.  Ova.  pro  vij*^.,  ij.s.  ij.d.  q*.  Mareschalda.  Fcenum  pro  xxx. 
Equis.     Avena,  ij.  quart.,  de  stauro  Constabularii. 

Missae  fiutribus  Oxoniae,^  per  Seman,  v.  lib.  Cerae. 

Summa,  vij.s.  ij.d.  ob. 

Die  Jovis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  prsedictis ;  Panis,  vj.  bus.  de 
froile.  Vinum,  ij.  sext.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  iij.  quart. 
Bovis,   i.  Multo,   de  stauro  Castri.      Cames  recentes,  prius   computatae. 

•  The  abbreviation  X'ofr',  for  Christophorus  or  Christopher,  occurs  as  a  marginal  note 
to  this  entry ;  it  appears  to  be  the  name  of  the  Clerk  who  wrote  the  early  portion  of  the 
roll  and  was  then  succeeded  by  Eiido;  (see  p.  21,  ante.^  he  now  resumes  the  account : 
part  of  this  entry  is  in  Eudo's  hand,  the  remainder  in  that  of  Christopher. 

>  Either  the  Brethren  of  St.  Frideswide's,  now  Clmstchurch,  or  the  Brethren  styled 
"  de  Panitentia  Jesu  ChrM,"  who  had  a  chapel  at  Oxford,  and  were  patronized  by  the 
Earl  of  Leicester.     Rot.  Pat.,  49  Hen.  III.,  passim. 


2S 

Vitulus,  xvj.d.  Caprioli,  iij.,  de  stauro  Constabiilarii.  ij.  lib.  Canellae  libe- 
ratse  de  Garderoba,  pro  salsa  facienda.  Ova,  xiiij.d,  q".  Mareschalcia.^ 
Foenum  pro  xxxij.  Equis.    Avena,  ij.  quart,  i.  bus.,  de  stauro  Constabularii.^ 

Summa,  ij.s.  vj.d.  q*. 

'Die  Veneris  seqilente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis;  Panis,  v.  bus.  de 
froile.  Vinum,  ij.  sext.  dimid. ;  missi  J.  de  Mucia,  i.  sext.  [et]  xviij.  panes. 
Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Alleces,  ccc,  de  stauro  Castri.  Pisces 
ix.s.  ix.d.  Ova,  xij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum  pro  xxxij.  [Equis].  Avena, 
ij.  quart,  ij.  bus.,  de  emptione  Constabularii. 

Missa  J.  de  Mucia,  i.  lib.  Ceree.  Summa,  x.s.  ix.d. 

Die  Sabbati  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis,  v.  bus.  de 
froile.  Vinum,  ij.  sext.  iij.  gal.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Alleces, 
ccc,  de  stauro  Castri.  Pisces,  iij. s.  vj.d.  Ova,  pro  vj°.,  xxij.d.  ob.  Mares- 
chalcia. Foenum  pro  xxx.  Equis.  Avena,  i.  quart,  vij,  bus.,  de  emptione 
Constabularii.  Summa,  v.s.  iiij.d.  ob. 

3rd  May.  DiE  DoMiNiCA  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis,  vj.  bus.  de 
froile.  Vinum,  iij.  sext.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  i.  Bos  et 
i.  Porcus,  de  stauro  Castri;  item,  pro  i.  Bove,  iij.  Multonibus,  et  iij, 
Vitulis,  emptis,  xv.s.  x.d.  PuUagium,  v.s.  Ova,  pro  cccc,  xv.d.  Lac, 
per  septimanam,  ix.  gal.,  de  Castro.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum  pro  xxx.  Equis, 
Avena,  ij.  quart,  i.  bus.,  de  emptione  Constabularii.  Proiiij.  Aucis  emptis, 
xvj.d.  Summa,  xxiij.s.  v.d. 

Die  LuN.ffi  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis,  vj.  bus.  de  froile. 
Vinum,  iij.  sext.;  portatum  cum  Semanno,  dimid.  sext.  Cervisia,  prius 
computata.  Coquina.  Carnes  et  PuUae,  prius  computatae,  et  i.  Bos  recens, 
de  stauro  Castri.  Ova,  iij''.,  xj.d.  q".  Mareschalcia.  Foenum  pro  xxxvj. 
Equis.     Avena,  ij.  quart,  iij.  bus.,  de  emptione  Constabularii. 

Summa,  xj.d.  q". 

•  Marginal  note  in  MS. — "  Hie  cepimus  de  Avena  empta per  Constabularium." 


29 

Die  Martis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis;  Panis,  vj.  bus.  de 
froile.  Vinum,  ij.  sext.  dimid. ;  missi  J.  de  Mucia,  i.  sext.,  et  xvij.  panes; 
portatum  cum  fratre  J.  Angelo,  iij.  gal. ;  missum  monialibus  Winteneiae, 
dimid.  sext.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Ollae,  ij.d.  ob.  Coquina.  Games 
et  Pullae,  prius  eomputatag.  Ova,  vij.d.  ob.  Mareschalcia.  Fcenum  pro 
xxxiiij.  Equis.     Avena,  ij.  quart,  ij.  bus.,  de  emptione  Constabularii. 

Summa,  x.d. 

Pro  gagiis  garcionum,  ut  patet  in  dorso,'  xv.s.  ij.d.  Panis  pro  Pauperibus, 
per  viij.dies,  dimid.  quart.,  et  xiij.  lagen.  Cervisiae.  Panis  pro  canibus,  per 
X.  dies,  iij.  quart.  Sunmia,  xv.s.  ij.d. 

Die  Mercurii  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis;  Panis,  vj.  bus.  de 
froile.  Vinum,  ij.  sext.  dimid.,  et  dimid.  lagen.  Cervisia,  prius  computata. 
Coquina.  Pisces,  vj.s.  xj.d.  Vitulus,  xij.d.  Ova,  pro  cccc,  xv.d.  Casei,  pro 
tartis,  ix.d.  Alleces,  c.  dimid.,  de  stauro.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum  pro 
xxxvj.  Equis.     Avena,  ij.  quart,  iij.  bus.,  de  emptione  Constabularii. 

Summa,  ix,s.  ■v'iij.d. 

Die  Jovis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis;  Panis,  vj.  bus.  de 
froille.  Vinum,  ij.  sext.  iij.  lagen.  Cervisia,  pro  xxxvj.  gal.,  xvij.d. 
Coquina.  Pro  i.  Bove  et  i.  Multone,  vij.s.  Vitulus,  x.d.  Pullae,  ij.s.  vj.d. 
Ova,  pro  ccc,  xj.d.  q"-  Mareschalcia.  Foenum  pro  xxxvj.  Equis.  Avena, 
ij.  quart,  ij.  bus.,  de  emptione  Constabularii. 

Cera,  a  Die  Veneris  in  Festo  Sancti  Marci-  usque  hue,  xiij.  lib. ;  ad 
CapeUam,  iij.  lib.     Dimid.  lib.  Piperis  pro  Pullanis. 

Summa,  xij.s.  viij.d.  q*. 

Die  Veneris  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  suis,  [et]  Domino  R.  de  Have- 
ringe;  Panis,  v.  bus.  de  froile.  Vinum,  ij.  sext.  iij.  gal.  Cervisia,  pro  viij^''. 
gal.,,x.s.,  gal.  pro   iij.  q^;   item,  pro   cc.   gal.,  vij.s.  viij.d.,  lagen.  pro  ob. 

'  See  p.  32  seq.  '  From  the  24th  of  April  to  the  7th  of  May ;  but  there  is  an 

error  in  this  date ;  the  feast  of  St.  Mark,  25th  of  April,  feU  on  a  Saturday  in  this  year; 
Friday,  therefore,  was  the  eve  of  the  Feast. 


30 

Coquina.  Alleces,  cc.  dimid,,  de  stauro.  Pisces,  iiij.s.  iiij.d.  Ova,  -vj.  d. 
Mareschalcia.  Foenum  pro  xxxvj.  Equis.  Avena,  ii.  quart,  vj.  bus.,  de 
emptione  Constabularii.    Pro  cariagio  Cervisiae,  iiij.  d. 

Summa,  xxij.s.  x.d. 

Die  Sabbati  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  suis;  Panis,  v.  bus.  de  froile. 
Vinum,  ij.  sext.  dimid.;  missum  Dominse  Caterinae  Lovel,'  ij.  sext.;  porta- 
tum  cum  Domino  Ricardo  Capellano,  dimid.  sext.  Cervisia,  prius  com- 
putata.  Coquina.  Alleces,  c.  Pisces,  xij.s.i.d.  Ova,  ij.s.  iiij.  d.  Stokfis, 
xviij.,  per  iij.  dies.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum  pro  xxAdij.  Equis.  Avena,  ij. 
quart.,  de  emptione  Constabularii.  Summa,  xiiij.s,  v.d. 

lothMay.  DiE  DoMiNicA  sequentc,  pro  Comitissa,  praesente  Domina  Katerina 
Lovel;  Panis,  vj.  bus.  de  froile.  Vinum,  iiij.  sext.;  missum  cum  Domina 
praedicta,  dimid.  sext.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Carnes 
grossae,  vj.s.  viij.d.  Lardum,  xvj.d.  Pullagium,  v.s.  vj.d.  Ova,  prius 
computata.  Pro  expensis  canum,  per  Michaelem  de  Kernes  [inge,J  in  ca- 
piendo i.  cervum,  vj.d.  Mareschalcia.  Fcenum  pro  xxxij.  Equis.  Avena, 
ij.  quart.,  de  emptione  Constabularii.     Pro  iiij.  Aucis,  xiiij.d.  ob. 

Summa,  xv.s.  ij.d.  ob. 

Pro  ij.  quart.  Brasei  Frumenti,  viij.  quart,  ij.  bus.  Brasei  Ordei,  et  iiij. 
quart.  Brasei  Avenas,  emptis  de  Domina  Wimarc  de  Odiham,^  in  principio 
adventus  Comitissse,  per  Constabularium,  xiiij.s.  ix.d.  ob.  Pro  expensis 
W.  Carettarii  euntis  Porrecestre,'  pro  i.  dolio  vini  quaerendo,  cum  iiij.  equis, 
iij.s.  Summa,  xlvj.s.  ix.d.  ob. 

Cera  liberata  Domino  Ricardo  de  Haveringe,  praecepto  Comitissse,  xx.  lib. ; 
pro  hospitio,  iij.  lib. 

1  A  member,  in  all  probability,  of  the  baronial  family  of  Lovel  j  but  her  name  does  not 
occur  in  Dugdale's  Baronage.  ^  Dodiham,  in  MS. 

'  Porchester. 


31 

In  dorso  membrrancB  quartee. 

ODIHAM. 
Per  Gobion. 

Pro  V.  huciis,  ad  pullanos  Comitissee,  emptis  per  Ricardura  Gobion, 

iiij.s.  ij.d. 

Pro  clutis,  uncto,  et  minuto  hemesio,  pro  longa  caretta,  xx.d.  ob. 

Pro  expensis  Roberti  de  Conesgrave  et  ij.  garcionum,  cum  ij.  equis,  du- 
centium  robas  Regis  Alemannise  usque  Kenilleworthe,'  Die  Sabbati^  post 
Inventionem  Sanct^  Crucis,  ij.s. 

Per  Seman. 

Pro  i.  nova  caretta  empta,  ferro  ligata,  et  alia  reparanda,  per  Semannum, 
Die  LunjE  in  Rogationibus,^  xxxilij.s. 

Liberati  Johanni  de  Mucia,  eodem  die,  per  eundem  Seman,  x.s. 

Dati  barbitonsori  Radingiae,  cum  i.  equo  ad  opus  suum  locato,  in  veniendo 
bis  apud  Odiham,  pro  Domisella*  fleobotomizanda,'  ij.s.  viij.d. 

Pro  Utteris  Domini  Regis  et  Comitissee  deferendis  Priorissse  Ambrebiriae, 
per  eundem,  iiij.d. 

Pro  expensis  W.  Carettarii  quaerentis  i.  dolium  vini,  apud  Stanes,*    xij.d. 

Pro  ij.  paribus  sotularium  et  i.  pari  caligarum,  ad  opus  Roberti  de  VaUe, 

xvj.d. 

Pro  expensis  Semanni  euntis  apud  Portemutam,^  -x-iij-d. 

Pro  expensis  ejusdem,  apud  Radinge,  xij.d. 

Pro  sotularibus  Petronillas  lotricis,  de  termino  Paschae,  xij.d. 

Dati  Rogero  barberio  Domini  Edwardi,  Die  Lin.e  Rogationum,'  prae- 
cepto  Comitissae,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Pro  expensis  Gobithesti  euntis  ad  Comitem,  Vigilia  Ascensioxis,'  cum 
guidone  et  equitatura  locata,  ij.s. 

Die  Ascensioxis,"  dati  nuncio  Comitissae  Insulas,  prsecepto  Comitissae, 

xij.d. 

'  Richard,  King  of  the  Romans,  was  confined  in  Kenilworth  Castle.  -  9th  of  May. 

«  11th  of  May.  ■*  Eleanor  de  Montfort  ? 

'  Per  Seman,  follows  here,  but  is  struck  out.  "  Staines,  in  Middlesex. 

?  Portsmouth.  «  11th  of  May.  M3th  of  May. 

i»  Holy  Thursday,  14th  of  May. 


32 

In  Crastino/  pro  expensis  Boletti  euntis  Peveneseiam,  viij.d. 

Die  Sabbati,^  pro  ij.  garcionibus  queerentibus  robam  Joce,  Londini,  per 
iij.  dies,  viij.d. 

Pro  litteris  ComitissBe  deferendis  Comitissee  Insulse,  iiij.d. 

Die  Jovis'  post  Ascensionbm,  dati  cuidam  garcioni,  venienti  de  W.  de 
Wortham,  yj.d. 

Eadem  die,  pro  expensis  Boletti  euntis  Peveneseiam,  vij-d.  ob. 

Pro  i.  plata  empta  Londini,  deaurata,  ponderis  xvij.d.,  ad  opus  Domisellae 
A.  de  Monteforti,  ij.s.  x.d. 

Stipendia. 

Prsestiti  Perrotto  de  Camera,  super  stipendiis  suis,  de  anno  xlix°°.,  inci- 
piente  ad  Festum  Sancti  Michaelis,  iij.s. 

Rogero  de  Camera,  super  eisdem,  iij.s. 

Pro  ij.  carettis  locatis,  de  Londino  usque  Kenilleworthe,  cum  ij.  doliis  vini 
missis  ibidem,  preecepto  Comitissae,  in  Septimana  Pentecostes,'*  cum 
expensis  Colini  euntis  cum  eisdem,  xviij.s.  vj.d. 

Gagia  soluta,  a  Die  Sabbati'  proxima  ante  Festum  Apostolorum 
Philippi  et  Jacobi,  qua  die  ponebantur  ad  gagia,  usque  ad  Diem  Sab- 
BATi  sequentem,^  utraque  die  computata. 

iij.  Venatoribus  Domini  Guidonis  de  Monteforti,  per  viij.  dies,  iij.s.  iiij.d., 
quia  magister  capit  ij.d.,  per  diem,  praecepto  Comitissae.  Venatori  Domini 
H.  Alemannise  et  garcioni  suo,  ij.s.  iiij.d.,  pro  magistro,  similiter,  ij.d.,  per 
diem.  ij-.  garcionibus  pro  puUanis  Comitissae  custodiendis,  per  idem  tempus, 
ij.s.  Duobus  garcionibus,  pro  Domino  Fulqone  Constabulario,  xxj.d.  i. 
garcioni,  pro  J.  Scotte,  xij.d.  i.  garcioni,  pro  Andrea  et  Thoma  Mabile, 
xij.d.  i.  garcioni,  pro  equis  infirmis  custodiendis,  xij.d.  i.  garcioni,  pro 
Michaele  de  Keme[singe],  per  vj.  dies,  ix.d.  i.  garcioni  custodienti  lepora- 
rios  Comitissae,  per  viij.  dies,  xij.d.  i.  garcioni  fratris  J.,''per  idem  tempus, 
xij.d.     • 

Die  Veneris^  post  Pentecosten,  Gobithesti  euriti  Herefordiam,  ad  Co- 
mitem,  xviij.d. 

1  15th  of  May.  ^  igth  of  May.  a  21st  of  May. 

■>  Whitsunday,  24th  of  May.  6  25th  of  April. 

"  2nd  of  May.  '  Jngeli  ?  see  p.  29,  ante.  s  29th  of  May, 


33 

Eadem  die,  pro  litteris  Comitissee  deferendis  Domino  Ricardo  de  Ke- 
mes[inge,]'  et  redeundo  usque  Porecestriam,  vij.d. 

Pro  expensis  i.  equi  et  garcionis  quserentis  barbitonsorem  Radingiae  et 
ipsum  reducentis,  viij.d. 

Die  S  abb  ATI,  Boletto  eunti^  ad  Comitissas^  Insulae  et  Lincobiise,       vj.d. 

Die  Dominica,  pro  i.  garcione  eunte  versus  Peveneseiam,  i.d. 

Pro  i.  equo  locato  ad  opus  Dobbe  Parcarii  minantis  Comitissam,  per  noc- 
tem,  usque  Porecestriam,'*  x.d. 

Dati  carettario  de  Winteneia,  venienti  cum  curru  Priorissse,  ibidem,  xviij.d. 

ij.  garcionibus  Abbatis  Waverleiae,  venientibus  cum  ij.  palefridis,       xij.d. 

Picardo  nuncio  Comitis,  Die  Mercurii'  post  Trixitatem,  vj.d. 

Pro  dineriis  garcionum  et  carettarii,  vj.d. 

Pro  expensis  W.  Clerici,  apud  Londinum,  per  iiij.  dies,  in  Septimaxa 
Pextecostes,  v.s.  vj.d. 

Pro  i.  zona  de  serico,  ad  opus  Domini  A.  de  Monteforti,  prascepto  Cdmi- 
tissse,  iij-s. 

Pro  litteris  Comitissse  deferendis  Kenilleworthe,  Die  Veneris^  post  Tri- 
nitatem,  v.d. 

Pro  expensis  Hicqe  Cissoris,  euntis  de  Odiham  usque  Kenilleworthe," 
et  redeuntis  usque  Porecestriam,  ad  Festum  Trixitatis,*  per  v.  dies,  cum 
xiiij.d.  datis  pro  i.  equo  locato,  iij.s.  x.d.  ob. 

Pro  vagina  ad  cultellos  Comitissse,  iij.d. 

Pro  balneis  apud  Odiham,  iij.d. 

Pro  serruris  ad  coffera  candelariae,  ij.d. 

Pro  oblationibus  Comitissse,  a  Die  Pasch.e  usque  in  Octavas  Trixi- 
TATis,'  prima  die  computata,  xix.s.  i.d.,  per  manum  Johannis  Scotti. 

Pro  litteris  Comitissse  deferendis  Constabulario  Walingeforde,  Die  Sab-  Porece^iria. 
BATi'"  post  Octavas  Trixitatis,  viij.d. 

'  Probably  the  Chaplain  of  Kemsing-,  mentioned  pp.  26,  2",  ante. 

*  Pevenes',  for  Peveneseiam,  struck  out  in  ISIS.  »  Comilissam,  in  JJS. 

*  Porchester.  '  3rd  of  June ;  originally  written  Jovis. 
'  6th  of  June.  '  Oxon'  was  written  at  first. 

'  Trinity  Sunday,  31st  of  May.  '  From  the  5th  of  .\pril  to  tl  e  ?th  of  June. 

""  13th  of  June. 


34 

Pro  Boletto  et  i.  garcione,  euntibus  Peveneseiam  de  Porecestria,'  et  re- 
deuntibus,  ij.s. 

Pro  litteris  Comitissse  deferendis  Vicecomiti  Suhampton8e,per  ij.  vices,  vj.d. 

Pro  eisdem  deferendis  Domino  S.  de  Monteforti,  per  noctem,  viij.d. 

Dati  garcioni  fratris  Gregorii,  in  Festo  Sancti  BAKNABiE,^  xij.d. 

Pro  i.  garcione  deferente  litteras  Comitissse  Remondo  Emaldi,      iij.d.  ob. 

Pro  oblationibus  Comitissse,  ab  Octabis  Tbinitatis  usque  Diem  Lun^ 
ante  Festum  Sancti  Botulphi,^  iiij.s.  vj.d. 

Soluti  Hande  garcioni  de  pistrina,  licentiato  eadem  die,  pro  stipendiis  ij. 
annorum,  per  Seman,  prsecepto  Comitissae,  vij.s. ;  et  Rogerus  de  Lyons 
solvit  ei,  iij.s.,  et  est  quietus. 

Pro  i.  roncino  empto  Porecestrise,  ad  opus  Almarici  de  Monteforti,  xxx.s. 

Pro  i.  nuncio  eunte  apud  Everwik,*  pro  negotiis  ejusdem,  ij.s. 

Dati  nuncio  Priorissse  Ambrebirice,  in  Festo  Sancti  BabnabjE,      xij.d. 

Die  Sabbati  sequente,'  Gobithesty  eunti  apud  Hereforde,  iij.s.,  praecepto 
Comitissse ;  de  Lewes. 

Pro  i.  roba,  ad  opus  ejusdem,  prsecepto  Comitissse,  viij.s. 

Pro  vj.  cinguHs  ad  palefridos  Comitissse  et  domisellarum,  vij.d. 

Dati  cuidam  nuncio  venienti  de  Lourda,^  xij.d. 

Garcioni  Domini  Hugonis  de  Honull'  recedenti  de  Brenbre,'  cum  ij.  equis 
mutuatis,  xii.d. 

Membrana  quint  a. 

ODIHAM. 

nth  May.,     Die  LuNiE  sequente,  videlicet,  proxima  ante  Ascensionem,  pro  ,Comi- 
tissa  et  prsedictis,  praesentibus  Domina  de  Maule^  et  familia  sua,  cum  x. 

'  et  inde  London',  struck  out,  in  MS.  2  jjjj^  of  June. 

a  From  the  Sth  to  the  15th  of  June.  *  York.  5  13th  of  June 

«  Lourde,  the  chief  town  of  the  valley  of  Lavedan,  in  Bigorre,  {Hautes-Pyr^nees,) 
Gascony.  7  Bramber,  in  Sussex. 

8  Probably  Joan,  daughter  of  Peter  de  Brus  of  Skelton,  and  widow  of  Peter  de  Maule, 
or  Mauley,  the  second  Baron  by  tenure  of  his  name,  who  died  in  1242. 


35 

equis;  Panis,  v.  bus.  de  froile.  Vinum,  iij.  sext.  Cervisia,  pro  c.xij.  gaL, 
gal.  pro  iij.  q".,  et  pro  Ixviij.  gal.,  pretii  ob.,  ix.s.  i.d. ;  cariagium,  ij.d.  Co- 
quina.  AJleces,  cc,  de  stauro.  Piscis,  x.s.  vj.d.  Ova,  xrj.d.  Casei,  xiiij.d. 
Sagimen,'  ix.d.  Mareschalcia,  Posnum  pro  xliiij.  Equis.  Avena,  ij.  quart, 
vij.  bus.,  de  emptione  Constabularii.  Summa,  xxiij.s. 

Duo  dolia  j  Die  Martis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  prsedictis,  et  Domina 
vini.  [praedicta ;  Panis,  vj.  bus.  de  froile.  Vinum,  iij.  sext.  Cervisia, 
prius  computata.  [Vinum]  missum  J.  de  Mucia,  i.  sext.,  et  i.  duodena  pa- 
num.  Coquina.  Alleces,  cc.  dimid.,  de  stauro.  Pisces,  iij.s.  Ova,  xx.d. 
ob.  q"  Mareschalcia.  Foenum  pro  xliiij.  Equis.  [Avena,J  ij.  quart  vj.  bus., 
de  emptione  Constabularii.  Summa,  iiij.s.  viij.d.  ob.  q". 

Die  Mercurii  sequente,  pro  Comitissa,  dicta  Domina,  Magistro  Ra- 
dulpho  de  Coudraia,  [et]  Persona  de  Kateringtona ;  Panis,  vj.  bus.  de  froile. 
Vinum,  iij.  sext.  i.  gal.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Alleces,  cc. 
Piscis,  vij.s.  ij.d.  Ova,  ij.s.  i.d.  v.  Casei,  de  manerio,  et  i.  bus.  GrueUi. 
Mareschalcia.  Foenum  pro  xlvj.  Equis.    Avena,  ij.  quart,  yj.  bus. 

Summa,  ix.s.  iij.d. 

Die  Jovis,  Ascensionis,  pro  Comitissa  et  prsedictis,  et  Domina  M.  de  ascension. 
Watham,  et  aliis ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  de  froile.  Vinum,  iiij.  sext.  Cen-isia, 
prius  computata.  Coquina.  Carnes  Bourn,  Multonum  et  Vitulorum,  xij.s. 
viij.d.  Pro  XXX.  Aucis,  emptis  in  grosso,  vij.s.  Pullae,  ij.s.  vj.d.  Ova,xv.d. 
Mareschalcia.  Foenum  pro  xlvj.  Equis.  Avena,  ij.  quart,  vj.  bus.,  de  emp- 
tione Constabularii.  Summa,  xxiij.s.  v.d. 

Die  Veneris  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  suis,  praesentibus  Domino  Gau- 
tero  Damar',  Umftido  serviente  Comitissae  Insulae,  cum  iiij.  equis,^  Magistro 
Radulpho  et  Persona  prsedictis ;  Panis,  v.  bus.  de  froille.  A^um,  ij.  sext. 
Cervisia,  pro  xliiij.  gal.,  pretii  iij.  q'.,  et  Ix.  gal.,  pretii  ob.,  v.s.     Coquina. 

1  Seech',  for  Secchimen,  in  MS.  ^  Xhe  words  from  " prtesentibtis"  to  "  equis"  are 

interlined,  in  MS. 


17th  May. 


36 

Alleces,  cc.     Pisces,  xij.s.  iiij.d.     Mareschakia.    Foenum  pro  xliiij.  Equis. 
Avena,  ij.  quart,  vj.  bus.,  de  emptione  Constabularii. 

Summa,xvij.s.  iiij.d. 

Die  Sabbati  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  suis,  prsesente  Domino  Gauterp 
Damar' ;  Panis,  V.  bus.  Vinum,  ij.  sext.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Co- 
quina.  Alleces,  cc,  de  stauro.  Pisces,  ix.s.  Ova,  xvj.d.  Mareschakia, 
Foenum  pro  xxxiiij.  Equis.  Avena,  ij.  quart.,  de  emptione  Constabularii. 
Amygdala,  per  septimanam,  ix.  lib.  Cera,  per  ix.  dies,  ix.  lib.  Luminona, 
iiij.d.     Forgia,  xx.d.  ob.  Summa,  xij.s.  iiij.d,  ob. 

Pro  xxxiiij.  canibus  Domini  Guidonis,  et  ij.  leporariis,  pro  Comitissa,  et 
ij.,  pro  Seman,  per  ix.  dies,  ij.  quart,  dimid.^ ;  cumxiiij.  canibus  Domini  H. 
Alemannifie,  per  vj.  dies. 

Pro  Pauperibus,  i.  quart,  i.  bus.  dimid. ;  pro  c.  gal.  Cervisiae,  pro  eisdem, 
iij.s.  x.d, ;  Potagium,  dimid.  quart.  Pisarum,  de  manerio,  et  ij.  Boves,  de 
manerio.     Pro  gagiis  garcionum,  ut  patet  in  dorso,  xxvj.s.  iij.d. 

Summa,  xxx.s.  i.d. 

Die  Dominica,  pro  Comitissa  et  suis ;  Panis,  vj.  bus.  Vinum,  ij.  sext. 
Cervisia,  i.  braciatura,  x.  quart.  Ordei;  in  liij.  gal.  Cervisiae  emptis,  ij.s. 
i.d.  ob.  Coquina,  Caro  empta,  ij.  Boves,  ij.  Multones,  iij.  Vituli,  xviij.s. 
An.j.d.  Aucae,  xv.d.  PuUse,  iij.s.  Ova,  xviij.d.  Pultes,  viij.d.  Mareschakia. 
Foenum  pro  xxxj.  Equis.    Avena,  i.  quart,  vij.  bus. 

Summa,  xxvij.s.  i.d.  ob. 

Die  LunjE,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis,  v.  bus.  de  froile.  Vinum, 
i.  sext.  et  iij.  gal.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Vinum  missum  Johanni  de 
la  Muce,  dimid.  sext.  Coquina.  Caro,  prius  computata.  PuUse,  prius 
computatee.  Aucae,  iiij.s.  ij.d.  Item,  pro  m.  et  vj*^.  Ovorum,  vj.s.  viij.d. 
Piscis  emptus,  iij.s.  Mareschakia.  Foenum  pro  xxxj.  Equis.  Avena,  i. 
quart,  vij.  bus.  ,  Summa,  xiij.s.  x.d. 


Panis  is  to  be  understood  Jiere. 


37 

Die  Martis,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panisj  v.  bns.  de  froile.  Vi- 
num,  i.  sext.  iij.  gaL  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Caro,  prius 
computata.  Pullae,  xiij.d.  ob.  Ova,  prius  computata.  Mareschalcia.  Foe- 
num  pro  xxxij.  Equis.  Avena,  ij'.  quart.,  deemptione  Constabularii.  Aucae, 
iiij.,  praecomputatae.  Summa,  xiij.d.  ob. 

Die  Mercurii,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis,  praesente  Comitissa  Oxoniae,^ 
cum  familia,  cum  xxj.  equis ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  de  froile.  Vinum,  ij.  sext.  iij. 
gal.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Cames,  Pullae,  prius  com- 
putatas.  Vituli,  xxij.d.  Pisces,  x.s.  vj.d.  Ova,  prius  computata.  Mares- 
chalcia. Foenum  pro  lix.  Equis.  Avena,  ij.  quart,  vj.  bus.,  de  emptione 
Constabularii.  Summa,  xij.s.iiij.d. 

Die  Jovis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  suis;  Panis,  vj.  bus.  de  froile. 
Vinum,  i.  sext.  iij.  gaL;  portatimi  emu  Comitissa  Oxoniae,  dimid.  sext.; 
missum  J.  de  Mucia,  i.  sext.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Carnes, 
pro  i.  Bove,  i.  Multone,  viij.s.  ij.d.  Pullae  et  Ova,  prius  computata.  Mares- 
chalcia. Foenum  pro  xxv.  Equis.  Avena,  i.  quart,  dimid.,  de  emptione 
Constabularii.     Aucae,  ij.,  praecomputatae.  Summa,  viij.s.  ij.dL 

'Die  Veneris,  pro  Comitissa  et  suis;  Panis,  v.  bus.  Vinum,  ij.  sext. 
Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Alleces,  cc.  et  dimid.,  de  instauro 
Castri.  Piscis,  ix.s.  vj.d.  Ova,  xv.d.  Casei,  pro  tartis,  iij.,  de  manerio. 
Lac,  de  manerio,  x.  gal. ;  item,  in  lacte  empto,  ij.d.,  per  totam  septimanam. 
Mareschalcia.     Foenum,  pro  xxiiij.  Equis.    Avena,  i.  quart,  et  dimid. 

Summa,  x.s.  xj.d. 


'  It  is  doubtful  if  this  be  ij.  or  iij.  quarters. 

•  Alice,  wife  of  Robert  de  Vere,  fifth  Earl  of  Oxford  and  Lord  Great  Chamberlain ;  she 
was  the  daughter  and  heiress  of  Gilbert  de  Sandford :  Hugh  de  Vere,  fourth  Earl  of  Ox- 
ford, her  husband's  father,  paid  a  thousand  marks  for  her  wardship  and  marriage,  in  the 
33rd  of  Henry  the  Third.  The  Earl  of  Oxford  was  among  the  prisoners  taken  by  Prince 
Edward,  at  Kenilworth,  in  this  year. 

'  Marginal  note  in  MS.,  non  or  nunc  sol. 


38 

Die  SabbatIj  pro  Comitissa  et  suis,  et  Domino  Almaurico  et  suis,  et 
Domina  Mabilia  de  Wautham;  Panis,  i.  quart,  et  ij.  bus.  Vinum,  iiij.  sext. 
Cervisia,  ccc.  gal.  emptse,  xj.s.vij.d.ob.;  cariagium,  iij.d.  Scyphi,' xij.d. 
Coquina.  Alleces,  cc.  et  dimid.,  de  instauro  Castri.  Piscis  emptus,  xij.s. 
viij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum  pro  liiij.  Equis.  Avena,  ij.  quart,  et  dimid.  et 
ij.  bus.  et  dimid.  Summa,  xxv.s.  vj.d.  ob. 

24th  May.  DiE  DoMiNicA,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  et  dimid. 
Vinum,  iiij.  sext.  iij.  gal.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Multones, 
de  Everle,^  vj.j  item,i.  Porcus,  de  manerio,  pretii  iiij.s.;  item,  pro  ij.  Bobus 
et  dimid.,  et  iiij.  Vitulis,  xxviij.s.  et  i.d.  Lardum,  xx.d.  Item,  pro  iiij.  duo- 
denis  Auearum  emptis,  viij.s.  viij.d.  Pullse,  vij.s.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum 
pro  liiij.  Equis.     Avena,  ij.  quart,  et  dimid.  et  ij.  bus.  et  dimid. 

Summa,  xlv.s.  v.d. 

Die  LunjE,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis;  Panis,  i.  quart,  ij.  bus.  Vinum, 
iiij.  sext.  Cervisia,  i,  braciniatura,  ix.  quart.  Ordei.  Coquina.  Caro,  prius 
computata.  Aucse  et  PuUse,  prius  computatae,  unde  x.  expendebantux  ilia 
die.  Ova,  ij.s.  i.d,  Panis,  pro  Coquina,  vij.d.ob.  Discae,  vj.d.ob.  Mares- 
chalcia. Foenum  pro  liiij.  Equis.  Avena,  ij.  quart,  et  dimid.  et  ij.  bus.  et 
dimid.  Summa,  iij.s.  viij.d. 

26th  May.  DiE  Martis,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  et  ij.  bus. 
Vinum,  iiij.  sext.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Prius  computa- 
tum.  Mareschalcia,  Fcenum  pro  Iij.  Equis.  Avena,  ij.  quart,  et  dimid. 
et  ij.  bus.  Avena,  pro  Aucis,  i.  quart,  et  dimid.  Forgia,  iiij.d.  Portagium 
Scirporum,'  ad  cameram  Dominae  Comitissae,  et  ad  aulam,  ij.d. 

Summa,  vj.d. 

>  Ciphi,  in  MS.  '  Eversley,  in  Hampshire.  ^  Cirporum,  in  MS. 


39 


In  dorso  memhratuB  quinta. 

Garcioni  Porecestrise,  venienti  ad  Comitissam,  apud  Brembre,  cum 
litteris,  iiij.d. 

Pro  ij.  carettis  cum  \j.  equis,  locatis  pro  hemesio  cariando,  de  Pore- 
cestria  usque  Wincheleseiam,  per  iiij.  dies,  xviij.s.TJ.d. 

Pro  i.  batello  locate,  pro  hernasio  deferendo,  per  aquam,  de  Wincheleseia 
usque  Dovoriam,  vij.s.vij.d. 

Pro  portagio  et  passagio,  iiij.d. 

Cuidam  garcioni  reducenti  unum  equum  de  Porecestria,  vj.d. 

Stipendia. 

Soluti  Simoni  Piscatori,  eunti  Kenilleworthe,  pro  stipendiis,  a  Festo 
Sancti  Michaelis  usque  Pascham,  anno  xlix°°.,  per  dimidium  annum, 
per  Seman,  v.s. 

Dati  cumitariis  Comitissffi  Arundelliee,'  apud  Dovoriam,  in  Festo  Sancti 
BOTULPHI,  v.s. 

Eisdem  reducentibus  currum,  cum  v.  equis,  usque  Arondelliam,  ad  ex- 
pensas,  v.s. 

ij.  garcionibus  Constabularii  Porecestriae,  reducentibus  ij.  equos  de 
Doveria,  accomodates  Domino  Almarico  de  Monteforti,  ij.s. 

ij.  garcionibus  Personae  de  Kateringtona,  reducentibus  ij.  equos,  accomo- 
dates pro  Domino  G.  Capellano  et  una  demisella,  ij.s.  vj.d. 

Tribus  garcionibus  de  Chautona  et  Bedehamptona,  reducentibus  v.  equos, 
accomodates  pro  parva  longa  caretta,  iiij.s. 

Garcioni  Prioris  de  Tigefelde,^  reducenti  unum  equum  pro  una  domisella 
accomodatum,  xij.d. 

Garcioni  Prioris  de  Suwik,'  reducenti  unum  equum  accomodatum  pro 
Hicqe  Cissore,  xij.d. 

Pro  iij.  equis  locatis  pro  Johanne  de  Mucia,  de  Porecestria  usque  Dovo- 
riam, iiij.s.  x.d. 
>  Matilda,  wife  of  JoLn  Fitz-Alan,  eighth  Earl  of  Arundel. 

2  Tichfield,  in  Hampshire,  an  Abbey  of  the  Premonstratensian  Order. 

3  Southwick,  in  Hampshire,  a  Priory  of  the  Order  of  St.  Augustine 


40 

Pro  passagio  equorum  Comitissee  et  Domini  Simonis,  apud  Winchele- 
seiam,  vj.s.viij.d. 

Pro  expensis  W.  Carettarii  et  equorum,  de  Odiham'  usque  Poreces- 
triam,  v.d.  ob. 

Gagia  garcionum  soluta  Die  Sabbati  post  Pentecosten/  dicto  die 
computato. 

iij.  Venatoribus  Domini  Guidonis  de  Monteforti,  per  xiiij.  dies,  v.s.x.d., 
quia  magister  capit  ij.d.,  per  diem.  ii.  garcionibus  custodientibus  puljanos 
Comitissse,  per  idem  tempus,  iij.s.vj.d.  ij.  garcionibus, -  pro  Domino  Ful- 
cone,  iij.s.  vj.d.  i.  garcioni,  pro  J.  Seotto,  xxi.d.  i.  garcioni,  pro  Michaele 
de  Kemes[inge,]  per  xij.  dies,  xviij.d.  i.  garcioni,  pro  Andrea  et  Thoma 
Mabile,  per  viij.  dies,  xij.d.  i.  garcioni  custodienti  album  equum  infirmum, 
et  equum  Roberti  de  Valle,  per  xiiij.  dies,xxj.d.  i.  garcioni  fratris  J.  Angeli, 
per  idem  tempus,  xxj.d.  Pro  gagiis  i.  garcionis  custodientis  leporarios 
Comitissse,  per  xiiij.  dies,  xxj.d.  Pro  iij.  Venatoribus  Domini  H.  Aleman- 
niae,  per  x.  dies  recedentibus,  ij.s.  xj.d. ;  eisdem  recedentibus  usque  Wode- 
stoke,  xij.d.  Summa,  xxaq.s.  iij.d. 


Membrana  sexta. 

27th  May.  DiE  Mercueii,  pro  Comitissa  et  prsedictis;  Panis,  i.  quart.  Vinum, 
iij.  sext.  et  dimid.  Cervisia;  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Alleces,  ccc,  de 
instauro.  Piscis  emptus,  v.s.  iij.d.  Ova,  xx.d.  Sinapium,  ij.s.  v.d.  ob. 
Item,  pro  Naperonibus,  ad  Coquinam,  viij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Fcenum  pro 
xiiij.  Equis.     Avena,  ij.  quart,  v.  bus.  et  dimid.  Summa,  x.s.  ob. 

Die  Jovis,  pro  Comitissa  et  prEcdictis ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  ij.  bus.  Vinum, 
iij.  sext.  iij.  gal. ;  item,  i.  sext.  missus  Johanni  de  La  Muce.  Cervisia,  prius 
computata.  Coquina.  iiij.  Multones,  de  Everle.  Caro  bovina,  prius  com- 
putata. Vituli,  xv.d.  Ova,  xv.d.  Mareschalcia,  Fcenum  pro  xxxvj, 
Equis.    Avena,  i.  quart,  vj.  bus.  et  dimid.  Summa,  ij.s.  vj.d. 

'  Dodiham,  in  MS.  2  g^jjif^  repeated  after  tliis  word,  in  MS. 


41 

Die  Veneris,  pro  Comitissa  et  prasdictis;  Panis,  i.  quart,  ij.  bus. 
Vinum,  iij.  sext.  i.  gal.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Alleces, 
ccc.  et  dimid.  Kscis  emptus,  viij.s.  iiij.d.  Ova,  viij.d.  Mareschalda. 
Foenum  pro  xxvij.  Equis.     Arena,  i.  quart,  v.  bus.  et  dimid. 

Summa,  ix.s. 

Die  Sabbati,  pro  Comitissa  et  prsedictis;  Panis,  i.  quart.  Vinum,  iij. 
sext.  i.  gal. ;  missura  apud  Wintenye,  dimid.  sext.  Cervisia,  prius  compu- 
tata. Coquina.  Alleces,  ccc.  Piscis  emptus,  x.s.  ij.d.  Ova,  xx.d.  Item, 
de  instauro,  ij.  Casei.  Mareschalda.  Foenum  pro  xxviij.  Equis.  Avena, 
i.  quart,  vj.  bus.  et  dimid.  Ferrura,  pro  Ixxxiiij.  ferns  equorum,  empta,  iiij.s., 
viij.d.  Item,  pro  m.  Clavis  emptis,  xiij.d.  Item,  pro  i.  forpice  et  ferris  fabri- 
candis,  xv.d.  Summa,  xviij.s.  x.d. 

Liberati  pro  garcionibus,  ut  patet  in  dorso,  xxiiij.s.  iiij.d.  ob. 

Summa  patet. 

Die  Dominica,  pro  Comitissa,  et  Domino  S.  de  Monteforti,  et  praedictis;  31st  M»y. 
Panis,  i.  quart,  et  dimid.  Vinum,  iiij.  sext.  Cervisia,  prius  computata. 
Coquina.  Multones,  de  Everle,  vj.  Item,  pro  i.  Bove,  et  iij.  Vitulis,  [et] 
viij.  lib.  Sagiminis,  xij.s.  ij.d.  Pullce,  vj.  duodenee',  iij.s.  Item,  Ova,  xx.d. 
Farina,  vj.d.  Panis,  ad  Coquinam,  iij.d.  Aucse,  x.,  prius  computatse.  Ma- 
reschalda.   Foenum  ad  l.  Equos.    Avena,  iij.  quart,  et  dimid. 

Summa,  xvij.s.  vij.d. 

Pro  Pauperibus,  per  xv.  dies,  i.  quart,  et  i.  bus.  [Panis.J  Cervisia,  xxxiiij. 
gal.  Item,  pro  Canibus,  per  xv.  dies,  v.  quart,  v.  bus.  [Panis.J  Item,  pro 
Pauperibus,  Die  Dominica,  vj.'™  Alleces. 

Pacati,  pro  xxvij.  quart.  Brasei  Frumenti  faciendis  de  froyle,  apud  Odi- 
ham,  ij.s.  iij.d.  Item,  pro  Lavenderia,  a  Festo  Nativitatis  Domini,  xv.d. 
Item,  pro  Gesta,  vj.d.  ob.  Pro  cariagio  iij.  doliorum  Vini,  de  Stanes  usque 
Odiham,  per  Seman,  xiij.s.  vj.d. ;  et  ilia  vina  venerunt  de  hospitio  Comitis, 
Londini.  Summa,  xvij.s.  vj.d.  ob. 

1  duodenas,  in  i\IS.> 
G 


42     , 

Die  Lun^  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  prsedictis,  in  prandio  apud  Odiham 
et  sero  recedentibus  usque  Porecestriam ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  ij.  bus.  de  froille. 
Vinum,  iiij.  sext.  dimid.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Carnes, 
prius  computatae.  Ova,  xv.d.  Pullae,  prius  computatae.  Mareschalcia. 
Forgia,  ij.d.  Pro  i.  equo  locato  ad  opus  Dobbe  Parcarii  conducentis  Comi 
tissam,  x.d.  Summa,  xxvij.d. 

PORECESTRIA. 

DiEBUs  Martis  et  Meecurii,  super  custus  Domini  S.  de  Monteforti, 
apud  Porecestriam. • 

Die  Jovis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa,  apud  Porecestriam,  prsesentibus 
Dominis  R.  de  Bruis,  A.  de  Monteforti,  cum  tota  familia,  et  servientibus 
Domini  S.,  et  garnestura  Castri ;  Panis  emptus,  viij.s. ;  item,  dimid.  quart, 
receptum  de  Serviente  de  Chautona.*   Viniim,  de  stauro.    Coquina.    Games 

1  Simon  de  Montfort,  junior,  was  appointed  Constable  of  Porchester  Castle,  by  Patent, 
dated  24th  of  December,  1264  ;  Rot.  Pat.,  49  Hen.  III.,  m.  26  :  he  appears  to  have  held 
it  until  the  battle  of  Evesham  :  Rot.  Claus.,  49  Hen.  HI.,  m.  5. 

^  The  manor  of  Chalton,  or  Chawton,  in  Hampshire,  belonged  to  the  Earl  of  Leicester. 
The  following  curious  valuation  of  it,  made  after  the  battle  of  Evesham,  in  which  mention 
is  made  of  two  persons  whose  names  occur  in  this  roll,  viz.  the  Rector  of  Catherington, 
who  has  been  frequently  noticed  as  being  with  the  Countess,  and  Robert  Corbet,  p.  46  seq., 
is  translated  from  the  original  in  the  Tower. 

"  Inquisition  taken  upon  the  oath  of  12  freemen  of  the  Hundred  of  Finchesden,  (Finch- 
dean)  &c 

Who  say  that  the  manor  of  Chauton  was  sometime  of  the  Lord  Simon  de  Montfort,  Earl 
of  Leicester,  and  he  held  in  capite  of  the  Lord  the  King,  and  was  the  King's  enemy  j  and 
they  say  that  the  aforesaid  manor  is  worth,  per  annum,  iiij."  li.,  in  all  issues  ;  and  afterthe 
battle  of  Evesham  it  was  seized  by  Henry  Husse,  to  the  use  of  the  Lord  Edward  j  and  they 
say  that  the  rent,  for  the  term  of  St.  Michael,  is  xviij.li.  x.s.,  and  that  rent  was  received  by 
Stephen  the  Marshal  of  the  Lord  Edward,  and  by  Richard  de  Putlyhe,  the  bailiff  of 
the  place,  and  GeoflFrey  the  reeve  of  the  place ;  and  tliey  say  that  the  land  of  Sir  Robert 
Corbat,  who  was  the  enemy  of  the  Lord  the  King,  is  worth,  per  annum,  c.s.,  whereof  the 
rent,  for  the  term  of  St.  Michael,  is  vj.s.  iiij.d.,  and  it  was  received  by  Geoffrey  Eynon,  the 
bailiff  of  Sir  Henry  Husse,  before  the  Feast  of  St.  Michael,  who  seized  that  land  after  the 


43 

emptae,  ij.s.  y.d.,  vj.  Multones,  de  Serviente  de  Chautona,  et  i.  Baconus,  de 
stauro  Castri.  Ova,  pro  cccc,  xviij.d.  Sal,  iij.d.  ob.  Mdreschalcia.  Foe- 
num  pro  xlv.  Equis,  de  quibus  Comitissa  [habuit]  xxiiij.,  Domimis  Simon, 
cum  familia,  ix.,  Amauricus,  viij..  Persona  de  Kemesinge,  iiij.,  de  stauro 
Castri.  Avena,  i.  quart.,  receptum  de  Serviente  de  Chautona,  et  ij.  quart.,  de 
emptione,  v.s.     Pullagium,  xiiij.d.  Summa,  xviij.s.  iiij.d.  ob. 

Die  Veneris  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  prsedictis  ;  Panis,  vj.s.  ij.d.,  de 
emptione ;  item,  i.  quart,  de  Chautona.  Vinum,  de  stauro,  viij.  sext.  de 
bono,  et  x.  sext.  dimid.  de  alio.  Coquina.  MakereUi,  xxj.d.  Sagimen, 
viij.d.  Muletti  et  Bar,  xv.d.  Flondres,  vij.d.  Ova,  ix.d.  Gruellus,  xiij.d. 
Ollae  terreee,  iij.d.  Sal,  iij.d.  ob.  Capre,  iij.d.  ob.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum 
pro  xlviij.  Equis,  de  quibus  Dominus  Simon  [habuit]  xij.,  xij.d.  Avena,  iij. 
quart,  i.  bus.,  de  quibus  i.  quart,  ftdt  de  emptione,  et  custavit  ij.s.  vj.d.  Pro 
Herba  coUigenda,  per  iij.  noctes,  ij.d.  Summa,  xvj.s.  ix.d. 

Die  Sabbati  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis.  Domino  J.  de  Kate-  6th  June. 
ringtona,  et  aliis  ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  dimid.,  de  Serviente  de  Chautona.  Vinum, 
xyj.  sext.,  de  quibus  ix.  de  bono.     Ollae  et  Scyphi,  vj.d.    ob.     Coquina. 
Pisces,  iiij.s.  vij.d.     Ova,  ij.s.  iiij.d.     Casei,  pro  tartis,  x.d.     Pro  iiij.  Mor- 

battle.  Item,  they  say  that  the  bailiffs  of  the  Lord  Edward,  forChauton,  again  received  the 
aforesaid  rent  for  the  term  of  St.  Michael,  to  wit,  vj.s.  iiij.d.  Item,  they  say  that  John  the 
Parson  of  Kateringtone  (Catherington)  was  an  adherent  of  the  said  S.,  Earl  of  Leicester, 
and  they  say  that  Richard  de  Putlyhe  was  the  bailiff  of  the  said  Earl  of  Leicester,  at  Chau- 
ton.  •  *  Item,  they  say  that  when  they,  the  aforesaid  12  jurors,  by  command  of  the  Jus- 
tices of  the  Lord  the  King,  came  to  the  court  of  Chauton,  to  extend  the  aforesaid  manor 
of  Chauton,  there  came  the  bailiffs  of  the  place,  and  would  have  imprisoned  the  bailiff  of 
the  Lord  the  King,  who  came  for  the  same  business  of  the  Lord  the  King,  Avith  the  afore- 
said jurors  J  and  at  the  same  time  they  would  have  imprisoned  the  jurors  ;  the  names  of 
those  bailiffs,  to  wit,  Stephen  the  Marshal  of  the  Lord  Edward,  and  Richard  de  Pulyhe, 
bailiff  of  the  place,  and  Richard  Morvile,  clerk  of  the  place ;  and  they  will  not  suffer  any 
other  coUectors."  Extenta  manerii  de  Chauton.,  ex  fascic.  Inquis.  incerti  temp.  Hen.  III., 
no.  131.  As  two  successive  terms  of  St.  Michael  are  noticed  in  this  document,  it  was, 
probably,  written  at  the  close  of  the  50th,  or  commencement  of  the  51st,  of  Henry  the 
Third. 


44 

teriis  emptis,  xvij.d.  Pro  Vino  aero  et  Mustarde,  v.d.  Portagium,  v.d. 
Mareschalcia.  Herba,  empta  in  grosso,  xiij.s.  i.d.  Avena  pro  lij.  Equis,  de 
quibus-Dominus  Simon  [habuit]  xij.,  ij.  quart,  dimid.,  de  Serviente  de  Chau- 
tona ;  pro  ij.  charettatis  Herbae  cariandis,  vij.d.  ob. 

Summa,  xxiiij.s.  iij.d.  ob. 

Allocationes  Constabulario. 

Pro  vij.  quart.  Ordei,  emptis  apud  Odiham,  non  allocatum  fuit,  eo  quod 
morabatur  cum  Constabulario. 

Allocatum  Constabulario  Odiham,'  apud  Porecestriam,  Die'  Lun^ 
proxima  ante  Festum  Sancti  Barnab^,^  pro  Ixxxij.  quart,  et  ij.  bus. 
Avense  emptis,  per  particulas  quae  supra  expenduntur,  vj.li.  xiiij.s.  i.d.  ob. 
Eidem,  pro  Foeno  empto,  per  particulas,  Iviij.s.  viij.d.  Eidem,  pro  Sale 
empto,  v.s.  x.d.  Summa,  x.li.  ij.s.  vij.d.  ob. 


In  dorso  membraruB  sextce. 

Gagia  garcionum  soluta,  a  Die  Sabbati  proxima  ante  Festum  Sancti 
DuNSTANi,^  ilia  die  computata,  usque  in  Diem  Sabbati  proximam  post 
Pentecosten,''  utraque  die  computata. 

Pacati,  iij.  Venatoribus  Domini  Guydonis,  per  xiiij.  dies,  v.s.  x.d.  ;  quia 
magister  capit,  per  diem,  ij.d.  Item,  ij.  garcionibus  custodientibus  puUanos 
Dominse  Comitissee,  per  idem  tempus,  iij.s.  vj.d.  Item,  ij.  garcionibus  Do- 
mini Fulconis,  iij.s.  iiij.d.  ob.  Item,  i.  garcioni  Johannis  Scotti,  xxj.d. 
Item,  i.  garcioni  Michaelis  de  Kemes[inge,]  xxj.d.     Item,  i.  garcioni,  pro 

'  The  Constable  of  Odiham,  appointed  by  the  Earl  of  Leicester,  was  named  Henry  le 
Fonun ;  it  is  recorded  that  upon  surrendering  the  Castle,  after  the  battle  of  Evesham, 
he  carried  away  with  him  all  the  rolls  and  writs  belonging  to  the  royal  court  of  the  manor 
of  Odiham.  Placita  coram  Rege,  apttd  Westm.,  in  qiiinden.  Paschee,  52  Hen.  III.,  rot.  4. 
The  Earl  and  Countess  of  Leicester  had  obtained  a  grant  of  the  manor  of  Odiham  for 
their  joint  lives.     Rot.  Pat.,  49  Hen.  HI.,  m.  13. 

2  8th  of  June.  '  16th  of  May.  ■•  30th  of  May. 


45 


Andrea  et  Thoma  Mabille,  xix.d.  ob.  Item,  i.  garcioni  custodienti  equum 
album  iufirmum,  et  equum  Roberta  de  Valle,  xix.d.  ob.  Item,  i.  garcioni 
fratris  J.  Angeli,  xxj.d.  Item,  i.  garcioni  custodienti  leporarios  Dominae 
Comitissae,  xxj.d.  Item,  pro  i.  garcione  Thomae  de  Charlekote,  per  xj.  dies, 
xvj.d.  ob.  Summa,  xxiiij.s.  iiij.d.  ob. 


Membrana  septima. 

PORECESTRIA. 

Die  Dominica  sequente,  ante  Festum  Sancti  Barnab^,  pro  Comitissa,  "th  June. 
et  praedictis  prioribus  personis,  et  aliis ;  Panis,  ij.  quart,  dimid.,  de  missu 
Praepositi.'  Vinum,  xviij.  sext.,  de  stauro  Castri.  Coquina.  i.  Baconus,  de 
stauro  Castri,  et  vj.  Multones,  de  Chautona.  Pro  ij.  Bobus  emptis,  x.s.  iii.d. 
Vituli,  iiij.s.  ij.d.  Pullae,  ij.s.  x.d.  Ova,  xiij.d.  ob.  \'iij.  Capones,  de  missu 
Praepositi.  Mareschalcia.  Herba,  pro  lij.  Equis,  prius  computata.  Avena, 
iij.  quart,  iiij,.  bus.,  de  missu  Praepositi.  Summa,  xix.s.  iiij.d.  ob. 

Die  Lun^e  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis,  praesente  Domina  Ka- 
terina";  Panis,  ij.  quart,  ij  bus.,  de  missu  Praepositi.  Vinum,  xviij.  sext.,  de 
stauro  Castri.  [Coquina.]  Cames;  i.  Bos,  prius  computatus,  i.  Baconus,  de 
stauro  Castri,  vj.  Multones,  de  missu  Praepositi  de  Chautona.  Pullae,  xiiij.d. 
Ova,  ix.d.  viij.  Capones,  de  missu  Praepositi.  Lac,  iiij.d.  ob.  Mustarde, 
emptus  Walingeforde,  ij.s.  vij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Herba,  pro  Iv.  Equis,  prius 
computata.     Avena,  iij.  quart,  iij.  bus.,  de  missu  Praepositi. 

Summa,  iiij.s.  x.d.  ob. 

Die  Martis  sequente,  ibidem,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis;  Panis,  ij. 
quart,  ij.  bus.,  de  missu  Praepositi.  Vinum,  xvj.  sext.  Coquina.  viij. 
Multones,  de  dhautona.     Bos,  prius  computatus.     Pullae,  xxiij.d.  ob.     Ova, 

'  Sent  by  the  Bailiflf,  or  Reeve,  of  Chavvton ;  he  is  termed  "  Serviens  de  Chautona,"  in 
the  preceding  entries,  and  "  Preepositus  de  Chautona,"  in  this  and  the  following  page.  See 
also,  for  his  name,  p.  43,  ante,  note.  "  Catharine  Lovel :  see  p.  30,  ante. 


46 

xviij.d.    Disci,  xvij.d.   Pro  utensiiibus  locatis,  xij.d.    Mareschalcia.     Herba, 
pro  xlvij.  Equis,  prius  computata.    Avena,  iij.  quart.,  de  missu  Prsepositi. 

Summa,  v.s.  x.d.ob. 

Die  Mercurii  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  preedictis,  prsesentibus  Do- 
minis  Ingeramo  Baillole,'  Roberto  Corbet/  Domino  Galeranno  de  Moncens,' 
et  aliis ;  Panis,  iij.  quart.,  de  missu  Praepositi.  Vinum,  xx.  sext.,  de  stauro 
Castri.  Coquina.  MakereUi,  iij.s.  v.d.  Muletti,  Salmones,  et  alii  pisces, 
vij.s.  iij.d.  Ova,  xxij.d.  ob.  Mareschalcia.  Herba,  prius  computata,  pro 
iiij^'^.  et  vj.  Equis.  v.  quart,  dimid.  Avense,  unde  ij.  quart,  ij.  bus.  dimid., 
de  instauro  Castri  Summa,  x.s.  xj.d.  ob. 

Die  Jovis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa,  omnibus  prsedictis,  et  aliis  plurimis ; 
Panis,  iij.  quart.,  de  missu  Praepositi.  Vinum,  xxiiij.  sext.,  de  stauro  Castri. 
Coquina.  Carnes  emptae,  iiij.s.  viij.d.  viij,  Multones,  de  Chautona.  Pullae 
et  Leporae,  v.s.  vij.d.  q^  Vituli,  ij.s.  Tela,  pro  Naperonibus,  viij.d.  Herba, 
pro  aula,  apud  Odiham,  vj.d.  Sal,  xij.d.  ob.  Ova,  xviij.d.  Mareschalcia. 
Herba,  prius  computata.  In  Herba  falcanda,  viij.d.  In  Carettis,  xxj.d.  In 
Litere,  xiij.d.  In  Clavis,  viij.d.  ob.  In  ferrura''  Seman,  iij.d.  ob.  In  Foeno 
empto,  xvij.d.     Praebenda,  de  instauro  Castri,  v.  quart,  et  i.  bus. 

Summa,  xxj.s.  x.d.  ob.  q^ 

AUocationes  factae  Praeposito  de  Chautona ;  pro  xxvij.  quart.  Frumenti 
et  dimid.,  ab  eo  receptis,  apud  Porecestriam,  de  quibus  xij.  quart,  remanse- 

'  Ingeram  is  not  mentioned  in  Dugdale's  account  of  the  family  of  Baliol ;  it  is  probable, 
however,  that  he  was  a  son  of  John,  who  was  captured  at  the  battle  of  Lewes. 

*  Robert  Corbet  was  a  member  of  the  baronial  family  of  this  name,  and  an  adherent  of 
the  Earl  Leicester.  During  the  rebellion  he  seized  the  "  goods  and  chattels  "  of  Thomas 
Corbet,  the  then  Baron,  in  Shropshire.  Placita  coram  Reg^e.,  52  Hen.  3.,  rot.  8.,  in  dorso. 
See  also  p.  42,  ante,  note. 

»  Walerand,  or  Warine  de  Munchensy,  the  sixth  Baron,  by  tenure,  of  this  family  died 
in  1265 ;  his  son  and  heir  was  William  :  of  the  Walerand  mentioned  above  there  is  no 
account  in  Dugdale ;  the  clerk  may  have  written  Waleran  by  mistake  for  William,  who 
was  one  of  the  insurgent  Barons,  and  captured  at  Kenilworth.  *  per  ? 


4/ 

runt  ibi[detn,J  vj.li.  xvij.s.  xj.d. ;  pro  vj.  quart.  Ordei,  remanentibus  ibidem, 
xxiiij.s, ;  pro  xx.  Multonibus,  xx.s. ;  pro  xix.  quart.  Avense,  xliiij.s.  iiij.d., 
pretium  quart.,  xxviij.d. ;  pro  Cariagio,  iiij.d. ;  pro  vj.  Caponibus,  xv.d. 
Allocationes  Praeposito  de  Bedehamptona ;'  pro  xx.  Multonibus,  xx.s. ;  pro  ij. 
pisis  Caseorum,  xvj.s. ;  pro  xxij,  Caponibus,  iiij.s.  vij.d.  De  ista  summa 
liberavi  Constabulario  Porecestriae,  recedente  Comitissa,  xij.  quart.  Fru- 
menti,  ij.  pisas  Caseorum,  et  yj.  quart.  Ordei,  per  talliam,  in  denariis. 

Soluti  Constabulario  de  Porecestria'',  pro  ix.  quart,  dimid.  Avenae,  captis 
ab  ipso,  scilicet,  vij.  quart,  dimid.  et  i.  bus.,  per  ij.  noctes  preecedentes,  et 
per  i,  noctem  qua  Comitissa  jacuit  ad  custus  Domini  S.,  xxiii.s.  ix.d. 

Summa,  xiiij.U.  xj.s.  ix.d. 

Pro  gagiis  garcionum,  ut  patet  in  dorso,  xvij.s.  vj.d. 

Summa  patet. 

BREMBRE.' 

Die  Veneris  proxima  sequente,  pro  Comitissa,*  Dominis  Ingeramo  de 
Baillolio,  R.  Corbet,  Almarico,  et  armigeris  Domini  S.,  et  aliis ;  Panis,  vj.s. 
iiij.d.  Vinum,  de  stauro  manerii.  Cervisia,  ij.s.  xj.d.  Pisces,  x.s.  \ij.d. 
Pro  dinerio,  apud  Cicestriam,  xiiij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Herba,  de  manerio. 
Avena  pro  Ixxxiiij.  Equis,  vij.  quart,  empta,  xiiij.s.  Portagium,  iij.d.  Item, 
Plaiz  et  Cunger,  per  W.  de  Lacu,  ix.s.  Makerelli,  iij.s.  Bremiae,  ij.s.  iiij.d. 
Ova,  xiiij.d.     Paneria,  iiij.d.  Summa,  Ij.s. 

WILMINTONA.' 

Die  Sabbati  sequente,  super  custus  Domini  S.  de  Monteforti. 

WINCHELESEIA.« 

Die  Dominica  sequente,  pro  Comitissa,  Domino  S.  de  Monteforti,  cum  i4th  June 
familia  sua  tota,  Burgensibus  de  Wincheleseia,  cum  multis  aliis ;  Panis,  xx.s. 

'  BedliamptOD,  in  Hampshire. 

'  The  deputy  of  Simon  de  Montfort,  junior  ?    See  p.  41,  ante. 

'  Bramber  Castle,  in  Sussex. 

*  Domino  S.  de  Monteforti,  is  struck  out  here,  and  the  succeeding  names  are  interlined. 

'  Wilmington,  in  Sussex.  "  See  the  following  page,  note. 


48 

iiij.d,  Vinum,  pro  xiij.  sext.  i.  gal.,  xviij.s.  x.d.  Cervisia,  x.s.  x.d.  Scyphi, 
x.d.  Portagium,  vj.d.  Coquim.  Pro  ij.  Bobus,  et  xiij.  Multonibus, 
xxx-vj.s.  -vj.d.;  pro  xxxv.  Aucis,  xix.s.  x.d.  Pullagium,  vj.s.  ij.d.  Ova,  ij.s. 
iiij.d.  Viridis  succus,  viij.d.  Busca,  xxiij.d.  ob.  Carbones,  viij.d.  Disci, 
xiij.d.  Sal  et  Brochiae,  v.d.  Aqua,  iiij.d.  Pro  dinerio  eorumdem,  apud 
Bellum,'  et  equorum,  xvij.s.  ij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Herba,  pro  ix^,  et  xv. 
Equis,  xij.s.  x.d.  Avena,  pro  xij.  quart,  et  i.  bus.,  xxvj.s.  iij.d.  Litera, 
iij.s.  ix.d.  q".  Forgia,  vij.d.  Aqua,  xij.d.  Pro  i.  equo  locato  pro  curta 
caretta,  vj.d,     Portagium,  vj.d.     Pro  dineriis  xxj.  garcionum,  x.d. 

Summa,  ix.li.  iiij.s.  viij.d.  ob.  q*. 


DOVORIA.^ 

Ante  Festum  Sancti  Botulphi. 
Die  Lun^  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  prsedictis  omnibus,  preeter  Comi- 
tissam,  quae  comedit  in  Castro,  cum  mulieribus  suis ;  Panis,  viij.s.  Vinum, 
pro  iiij.  sext.  iij.  gal.,  vij.s.  xj.d.  Cervisia,  vij.s.  iiij.d.  ob,  OUae,  vj.d. 
Coquina.  Grossse  carnes;  i.  Bos,  vij.  Multones,  vij.  Vituli,  xxix.s.  iij.d. 
Lardum,  vj.d.  Pro  iiij.  duodenis  PuUagii,  v.s.  ix.d.  Ova,  xxj.d,  Viridis 
succus,  v.d.  ob.  Sal,  v.d.  ob.  Busca,  xv.d.  Portagium,  iiij.d.  Lac,  viij.d. 
Disci,  xiiij.d.  ob.  Mareschalcia.  Herba,  pro  Ix.  Equis,  iij.s.  Avena,  iij. 
quart,  vj.  bus.  dimid.,  viij.s.  x.d.  ob.  Carbones,  x.d.  Litera,  iij.s.  Pro  di- 
nerio eorumdem,  apud  Romeneiam,'  xxvij.s.  v.d.  ob.  Foenum  emptum,  per 
ij.  noctes,  xiiij.d.  Herba,  pro  cviij.  Equis,  v.s.  ix.d.  Avena,  ■vj.  quart,  i. 
bus.,  xiiij.s.  iij.d.  ob.  Litera,  vj.s.  i.d.,  Forgia,  v.s.  ix.d.  ob. ;  ista  ultra 
Marischalciam  computatam  pro  Domino  S.  de  Monteforti. 

Summa,  vij.li.  xxj.d. 

^  Battle,  in  Sussex. 

-  Henry  de  Montfort,  eldest  son  of  the  Countess,  was  Warden  of  the  Cinque  Ports,  and 
Constable  of  Dover  Castle ;  his  appointment  to  these  offices,  together  with  the  Chamber- 
kinship  of  Sandwich,  is  dated  on  the  28th  of  May,  1264.  Rot.  Pat.,  48  Hen.  HI.,  m.  13. 
On  the  4th  of  June,  in  the  same  year,  he  was  nominated  "  Gustos  Pads,"  for  the  Co.  of 
Kent.    Rot.  Pat.,  de  eodem  anno,  m.  12,  in  dorso.  s  Romney. 


49 


In  dorso  membraruE  septinue. 

Gagia  soluta  Die  Jovis  proxima  post  Festum  Saxcti  Dunstaxi. 
Pro  gagiis  garcionum ;  iij.  pro  Domino  Fulqone  Constabulario,  per  x 
dies,  iij.s.  ix.d. ;  pro  J.  Scotto,  i.  garcio,  per  viij.  dies,  x.d.  ob. ;  pro  Andrea 
et  Thoma  Mabile,  i.  garcio,  per  x.  dies,  xv.d. ;  pro  equis  infirmis,  et  equo 
Roberti  de  Valle,  i,  garcio,  xv.d. ;  pro  fratre  J.  Angelo,  i.  garcio,  xv.d. ; 
pro  ij.  [garcionibus]  custodientibus  pullanos,  iij.s.  ix.d. ;  pro  garcione  Do- 
mini Ricardi  Capellani,  per  ix.  dies,  xiij.d.  ob.  j  pro  garcione  Thomse  de 
Cherlecote,  xiij.d.  ob. ;  pro  [garcione]  Michaelis  de  Kemes[inge,]  xiij.d.  ob. ; 
pro  garcione  Colini  et  Robinetti,  x.d.  ob. ;  pro  Compere,  i.  garcio,  xiij.d.  ob. 


Membrana  octava. 

DOVORIA. 

ij,  dolia  r     Memorandum,  quod  cepimus  de  vinis  Domini  H.  de  Monteforti, 
vini.   \in  Castro,  ij.  dolia  vini  rubei,  pretii  bcvj.s.  viij.d. 

Die  Martis  proxima  sequente,  scilicet,  Vigilia  Saxcti  Botulphi, 
pro  Comitissa,  Dominis  S.  de  Monteforti,  J.  de  Mucegros,'  cum  omnibus 
militibus  suis,  Domino  J.  de  Haia,^  uxore  sua,  et  familia  libera,  comeden- 
tibus  in  Castro ;  Armigeris  et  familia  Domini  S.  et  Comitissse,  comedentibus 
in  villa;  Panis,  xxij.s.  viij.d.  Vinum  in  Castro,  xiij.  sext.,  de  instauro  Do- 
mini Henrici ;  Vinum  emptum  in  villa,  pro  v.  sext.   [et]  dimid.,  ix.s.  ij.d. 

'  John  de  Mucegros  was  appointed  Constable  of  Salisbury  Castle,  on  the  19th  of  De- 
cember, 1264,  and  superseded  by  Walter  de  Dunstanville,  on  the  31st  of  May,  1265.  Rot. 
Pat.,  49  Hen.  III.,  mm.  26,  27.  He  died  in  the  same  or  the  foUowing  year.  Rot.  Finium, 
50  Hen.  HI.,  mm.  4,  6. 

^  John  de  Hay  was  nominated  to  the  custody  of  the  towns  of  Winchelsea  and  Rye,  on 
the  16th  of  August,  1264  :  Rot.  Pat.,  48  Hen.  HI.,  m.  6 ;  and  Keeper  of  the  Peace  iCus- 
tos  Pads)  for  the  county  of  Kent,  on  the  10th  of  May,  1265.  Rot.  Pat.,  49  Hen.  HI.,  m. 
16.  He  was  actively  engaged  at  the  siege  of  Rochester,  in  1264.  Inquk.dereheU.8fc., 
passim. 

H 


50 

Cervisia,  vij.s.  v.d.  ob.  q*.  Ollae,  xij.d.  Scyphi,'  iiij.^.  ob.  Coquina..  Pro 
i.  Bove  [et]  dimid.,  ix.  Multonibus,  iij.  Porcis  et  iiij.  Vitulis,  xlij.s.  viij.d. 
PuUagium,  viij.s.  viij.d.  Ova,  ij.s.  xj.d.  Viridis-succus,  xviij.d.  Biisca  pro 
Coquina,  ij.s.  vj.d.  ob.  Pisces,  pro  fratribus,^  xiij.d.  Casei,  xvj.d.  Petro- 
sillum,  ij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Herba,  pro  Ix.  Equis,  iij.s. ;  Avena,  pro  iij. 
quart,  vj.  bus.  dimid.,  viij.  s.  x.d.  ob.,  pro  Comitissa.  Item,  pro  iiij^^.  etiiij. 
Equis  Domini  S.  praedicti,  Herba,  iiij.s.  viij.d. ;  Avena,  iiij.  quart,  v.  bus., 
x.s.  ix.d.  ob. ;  Litera,  xij.d.  ob. ;  pro  Hernesio  suo  reparando,  iiij.s. ;  Can- 
delee,  ij.d.  Summa,  vj.li.  xiiij.s.  i.d.  q^ 

•Die  Mercurii  sequente,  pro  Comitissa -et  omnibus  prsedictis,  Burgen- 
sibus  Sandwici,^  et  aliis,  ut  dictum  est,  in  ij.  locis  prandentibus ;  Panis, 
xxiij.s,  Vinum  in  Castro,  xiiij.  sext.,  de  stauro  Domini  Henrici;  Vinum 
emptum  in  villa,  pro  viij.  sext.,  xiij.s.  iiij.d.  Cervisia,  pro  cxviij.  gal.,  vj.s. 
viij.d.;  Portagium,  i.d.  Casei,  xvij.d.  Coquina.  Plagee,  Bremiae,  Soles, et 
alii  pisces,  xxxv.s.  i.d. ;  cum  Ovis,  pro  ij.  Doretis  ponendis  in  pane,  iiij.d. 
Piper,  i.d.  Frasse,  iiij.d.  Pullee,  ix.d.  Portagium,  iiij.d.  Mareschalcia. 
Herba,  pro  xxxviij.  Equis,  pro  Comitissa,  xxiij.d.  ob.  q*. ;  Avena,  ij.  quart, 
iij.  bus.,  v.s.  vj.d.  ob.  Item,  pro  c.  Equis  Domini  S.  praedicti,  Herba,  iiij.s. 
ix.d. ;  Avena,  viij.s.  ix.d.     Lac,  per  iij.  dies,  xxj.d.  ob.* 

Summa,  ciiij.s.  ij.d.  ob.  q^ 

Die  Jovis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa,  Dominis  R.  de  Bruys,  A.  de  Monte- 
forti,  J.  de  Snaues,  R.  de  Eem[esinge,]  et  aliis  ;  Panis  emptus,  vij.s.  vj.d. 
Vinum,  viij.  sext.  dimid.,  de  stauro  Domini  Henrici.  Cervisia,  xviij.d. 
Coquina.  Pro  ij.  Multonibus,  i.  quart.  Bovis,  vij.s.  vj.d.  Porci,  xiiij.d.  Ova, 
cccc,  ij.s.  iiij.d.  Busca  et  Sal,  omissa  ad  computanda,  in  villa,  xiiij.d.  ob. 
Pullagium,  iij.s.  x.d.  Mareschalcia.  Herba,  pro  xxvj.  Equis,  xviij.d. 
Avena,  i.  quart,  v.  bus.,  de  emptione  W.  Clerici. 

Summa,  xxvj.s.  vj.d.  ob. 

1  Ciphi,  in  MS.  2  -rijg  brethren  of  the  Maison  Dieu,  at  Dover  ?     See  p.  68  seq. 

^  Sandwich.  ■«  Originally  written,  wvijd.  ob. 


51 

Die  Veneris  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis,  GuiEielmo  Emaldi'  et 
aliis;  Panis,  vj.s,  vj.d.  Vinum,  vij.  sext.  dimid.,  de  stauro.  Cervisia,  xv.d. 
ob.  q^  ;  Portagium,  ij.d.  Coquina.  Plais,  Soles  et  Morucae,  xij.s.  xd. 
Potagium,  pro  Fabis  et  Pisis,  xvj.d. ;  Portagium,  iij.  ob.  Mareschalcia. 
Herba,  pro  xxv.  Equis,  xvj.d.  Avena,  i.  quart,  dimid.  dimid.  bus.,  de 
emptione  W.  Clerici.  Summa,  xxiij.s.  vij.d.  q*. 

Die  Sabbati  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis  emptus,  vj.s. 
Vinum,  vij.  sext.,  de  stauro  Domini  Henrici.  Cervisia,  v.s,  vj.d.  Coquina. 
Pisces,  xj.s.iiij.d.ob.  Ova,  ij.s.  Scutellee,  xix.d.  Gruellus  et  Ollaeterreae,  iiij.d. 
Mareschalcia.  Herba,  pro  xxv.  Equis,  xvij.d.  Avena,  i.  quart,  dimid. 
et  dimid.  bus.,  de  emptione  W.  Clerici.  Summa,  xxviij.s.  ij.d.  ob. 

Die  Dominica  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis,  et  Castellanis  et  2istJun 
aliis;  Panis,  de  emptione,  ij.s.;  item,  i.  quart,  ij.  bus.,  de  stauro  Castri. 
Vinum,  viij.  sext.;  missum  Nunciis  Franciae,^  ij.  sext.,  de  stauro  Domini  H.^ 
Cervisia,  praecomputata.  Portagium  diei  preecedentis,  iij. d.  Coquina.  Dimid. 
Bovis  et  iiij.  Multones,  xij.s.  vj.d.  Vituli,  xx.d.  Porci,  ij.s.  vj.d.  Pul- 
lagium,  v.s.  ij.d.  ob.  Fabae,  viij.d.  Lac,  iij.ob.  Portagium,  iij.  ob.  ilfa- 
reschalcia.  Herba,  pro  xxvj.  Equis,  xvij.d.  Avena,  i.  quart,  v.  bus.,  de 
emptione  W.  Clerici.     Ferrura,  a  Wincheleseia  usque  hue,  iiij.s.  x.  d.  ob. 

Summa,  xxxj.s.  iiij.d. 

Pro  gagiis  Monachi  de  Hereford,  cum  ij.  equis,  in  villa,  per  ij.  noctes,  ij.s. 
i.d.  ob. ;   pro  gagiis  W,  Bastardi,  per  i.  noctem,  cum  ij.  equis,  v.  d. ;  pro 

'  William  Ernaldi,  "  de  Puteo,"  a  merchant  of  Bayonne,  mentioned,  among  others, 
in  letters  patent  of  protection,  dated  25th  of  March,  1265.  Rot.  Pat.,  49  Hen.  III.,  m.  19. 
See  p.  34,  ante,  where  Raimond  Ernaldi  occurs. 

-  There  are  letters  of  safe  conduct  for  these  Ambassadors  in  coming  to  England,  dated 
at  Hereford,  16th  of  May,  1265 ;  on  the  following  day  the  men  of  the  Cinque  Ports 
were  commanded  to  send  two  armed  galleys,  or  barges,  to  Whitsand,  to  bring  them  over; 
on  the  14th  of  June  they  had  a  safe  conduct  to  go  to  the  King,  then  at  Hereford.  Rot. 
Pat.,  49  Hen.  HI.,  mm.  16,  13.     For  their  names,  see  p.  65  seq. 

'  et  aliud,  de  stauro  Domini  J.  de  Haia,  struck  out  in  MS. 


52 

minutis  expensis  pro  equis  et  pueris,  per  Colinum  Marescallum,  xj.d,  ob. ;  pro 
XXV.  quart.  Avense,  emptis  apud  Sandwicum,  per  W.  Clericum,  de  Augus- 
tino  Vinetario,  xlvij.s.,  cum  cariagio;  pretium  quart.,  xxij.d. ;  pro  vj.  doliis 
Vini,  emptis  de  S.  Wibert  et  aliis  sociis,  apud  Sandwicum,  per  Thomam 
Clericum,  xiiij.li. ;  solvenda  ad  Vincula  Sancti  Petri'  ;  pro  cariagio 
eorundem,  vij.s.  i.d.,  peraquam;  pro  cariagio  eorundem  de  aqua  in  Castrum, 
xij.d. 

Die  Lun^  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  prsedictis ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  dimid., 
de  stauro  Castri.  Vinum,  vij.  sext. ;  missum  Nunciis  Franciffi,  ij.  sext.  Scy- 
phi,  v.d.  Cervisia,  iij.s.  vj.d.  Coquina.  Carnes;  ij.  Bacones,  de  stauro 
Castri;  Bos,  prsecomputatus.  Piscis, pro fratribus,  xxiij.d.  ob.  Ova,xiiij.d. 
Portagium  et  Lac,  iij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Herba,  pro  xxvj.  Equis,  xvij.d. 
Avena,  i.  quart,  vj.  bus.,  de  emptione  W.  Clerici. 

Summa,  viij.s.  viij.d.  ob. 

Dolium  vini,  j  Die  Martis  sequente,pro  Comitissa  et  prsedictis ;  Panis, 
pro  Comitissa.  \  i.  quart.,  de  stauro ;  Panis  emptus,  pro  Nunciis  et  Comi- 
tissa, ij.s.  Vinum,  vij.  sext. ;  missum  Nunciis  prsedictis,  iij,  sext.  Cervisia, 
pro  Ixiiij.  gal.,  ad  iij.  q^,  et  xxxvj.  gal.,  ad  [i.]d.,  vij.s.  Coquina.  Pisces, 
pro  hospitio  et  Nunciis,  xviij.s.  Ova,  pro  vj.'^,  iij.s.  Fabse,  xiij.d.  Mares- 
chalcia. Herba,  pro  xxviij.  Equis,  xvij.d.  ob.  Avena,  i.  quart,  vj.  bus.,  de 
emptione  W.  Clerici.  .  Summa,  xxxij.s.  vj.d.  ob. 

Die  Mercurii,  in  Festo  Sancti  Johannis  Baptist^,^  pro  Comitissa 
et  prsedictis  Castellanis,  cum  uxoribus  et  aliis;  Panis,  i.  quart,  vj.  bus.,  de 
stauro  Castri.  Vinum,  viij.  sext. ;  missum  Nunciis  prsedictis,  ij.  sext.  Cer- 
visia, prsecomputata.  .  Coquina.  i.  Baco,  de  stauro  Castri;  Carnes,  pro^ 
Nunciis,  v.s.  viij.d.  Pisces,  v.s.  viij.d.  Ova,  cccc,  ij.s.  Lac,  vj.d.  Fab^, 
praecomputatse.  Portagium,  iij.  ob.  Aqua,  iij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Herba, 
pro  xxvij.  Equis,  xiiij.d.  Avena,  i.  quart,  vj.  bus.  dimid.,  de  emptione  W. 
^^^"'='-  Summa,  xv.s.  iiij.d.  ob. 


'  1st  of  August.  2  24th  of  June. 


'  hospitio  et,  struck  out,  in  MS. 


53 

Die  Jovis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  ij.  bus., 
de  staurd  Castri;  pro  Pastillis,  dimid.  quart.  Vinum,  vj.  sext.,  de  stauro 
Castri.  Cervisia,  prsecomputata,  Coquina.  i.  Baco,  de  stauro;  i.  Juvencula, 
de  Brebouma;'  pro  ij.  Multonibus,  iij.s.  Vituli,  xx.d.  Pullagium,  iij.s.  ij.d. 
Ova,  vj.d,  Lac,  iij.  ob.  Aqua,  i.d.  Mareschalcia.  Herba,  pro  xxviij, 
Equis,  xiij.d.  Avena,  i.  quart,  vj.  bus.,  de  emptione  W.  Clerici.  Forgia, 
iij.d.  Summa,  ix.s.  x.d.  ob. 

Pro  iiij.  acris  prati  emptis  pro  Equis,  per  Ricardum  Gobion,  xl.s.  i.d. ;  pro 
i.  homine  locato  pro  Herba  falcanda,  per  vices,  iij.s.  i.d. ;  pro  xxxij.  quart. 
Avense,  emptis  per  Praepositum  de  Breboma,  xl.s.  ij.d. ;  recepimus  deeodem 
i.  Bovem,  i.  Vaccam,  i.  Juyenculam,  ij.  pisas  Casei,  et  ij.  Multones  qui  non 
sunt  appretiati. 

^DiE  Veneris  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis,  dimid.  quart., 
de  stauro  Castri,  et  dimid.  quart.,  de  Serviente  Brebournae.  Vinum,  vj.  sext., 
de  stauro  Castri.  Cervisia  braciniata,  v.  quart,  de  Brasio  Ordei,  de  stauro 
Castri.  Busca,  pro  bracinio,  ij.s.  xj.d.  Coquina.  Pisces,  xij.s.  vj.d.  ob. 
Mustarde  et  Viridis-succus,  iij.s.  Pisae,  xviij.d.  Fabae,  vj.d.  ob.  Mares- 
chalcia.    Herba  empta  pro  xxvij.  Equis.     Avena,  i.  quart,  v.  bus, 

Summa,  xx.s.  vj.d.. 

Die  Sabbati  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  [xxx.  Pauperes  ;]^ 
Panis,  i.  quart,  et  ij.  bus.,  de  Serviente  Brebomae;  Panis  emptus  pro  Comi- 
tissa, xij.d.  Vinum,  vij.  sext. ;  portatum  cum  Magistro  N.  de  Hecham, 
dimid.  sext.,  de  stauro  Castri.     Cervisia,  pro  xxviij.  gal.,  xxij.d.     Coquina. 

'  The  manor  of  Braborne,  in  Kent,  was  held  by  the  Countess  of  Leicester  as  «idow  of 
William  Mareschal,  Earl  of  Pembroke,  who  obtained  it,  in  dowry,  with  his  first  wife, 
Alice,  daughter  of  Baldwin  de  Bethune,  Earl  of  Albemarle,  in  the  5th  of  John.  Rot.  Chart., 
13  Hen.  \\\.,pnrs  2nda,  m.  1.  The  Earl  and  Countess  afterwards  granted  Braborne,  to- 
gether with  the  manors  of  Luton,  Co.  Bedford,  and  Sutton  and  Kemsing,  Co.  Kent,  to 
their  eldest  son,  Henry  de  Montfort,  who  obtained  the  royal  confirmation  thereof,  14th 
of  March,  1265.    Rot.  Chart.,  49  Hen.  IIL,  m.  4.  -  non  sol.,  marginal  note,  in  MS. 

'  Interlined  in  MS.,  above  the  quantity  of  bread. 


54 

Pisces,  ix.s.  vj.d.  Ova,  pro  cccc,  ij.s.  Lac,  iij.ob.  Ollae  terrese,  iij.ob. 
Mareschalda.  Herba,  pro  xxix.  Equis,  preecomputata.  Avena,  i.  quart,  vij. 
bu6.,  de  emptione  W.  Clerici.  Summa,  xiiij.s.  vij.d. 

28th  June.  DiE  DoMiNicA  sequcntc,  pro  Comitissa  [et]  prsedictis ;  [xlv.  Pauperes ;]' 
Panis,  i.  quart,  vj.  bus.,  de  Serviente  BrebornBe.  Vinum,  vj.  sext.  iij.  gal. ; 
missum  uxori  Domini  Radulphi  Darcy,^  dimid.  sext.,  de  stauro  Castri.  Cer- 
visia,  preecomputata.  Coquina.  Grosses  carnes  emptee,  viij.s. ;  dimid. 
Bovis,  de  Breboma.  Pisces,  iiij.d.  Ova,  xij.d.  PuUagium,  iij.s.  viij.d. 
Lac,  iij.ob.  Portagium,  iij.d.  Mareschalda.  Herba,  prsecomputata,  pro 
xxix.  Equis.     Avena,  ij.  quart.,  pro  Carettariis,  de  emptione  W.  Clerici. 

Summa,  xiij.s.  iiij.d.  ob. 

Dolium  r  Die  Lun.<e  sequente,  pro  Comitissa,  Castellanis,  SerA'ientibus, 
vini.  I  Vigilatoribus,  et  aliis  de  Villa  et  Munitione  ;  Panis,  ij.  quart,  ij. 
bus.,  de  Serviente  Brebournse.  Vinum,  viij.  sext.  dimid.,  de  stauro  Castri. 
Cervisia,  prsecomputata.  Scyphi,^  xvj.d.  Coquina.  Grossce  carnes,  xij.s.; 
et  dimid.  Bovis,  de  Breiborna.  PuUagium,  iiij.s.  ob.  Ova,  xij.d.  Lac, 
vj.d.  ob.  Mustarde,  v.d.  Pisse,  ij.d.  Mareschalda.  Herba,  praecompu- 
tata,  pro  xxx.  Equis.    Avena,  ij.  quart.,  de  emptione  W.  Clerici. 

Summa,  xix.s.  vj.d. 

Die  Maetis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa,  Servientibus  Castri,  et-aliis;  Panis, 
i.  quart,  dimid.,  de  Serviente  Brebornse.  Vinum,  vj.  sext.  dimid.,  de  stauro 
Castri.  Coquina.  Carnes,  vij.s.  ix.d.  ob.,  et  i.  Juvenca,  de  Breborna.  Ova, 
ccc.  dimid.,  xxj.d.   Lac,  iiij.d.    PuUagium,  ij.s.  vj.d.    Mareschalda.    Herba, 

'  Interlinedj  as  before. 

2  "  Ralph  de  Arcy  and  PhiUppa  his  wife  give  one  mark  to  have  an  attachment,  at  the 
first  assize,  &c.  Owford."  Rot.  Finium,  46  Hen.  III.,  m.  2.—  "  Inquisition  taken  at  Lin- 
coln, on  the  Sunday  next  after  the  feast  of  St.  Michael,  in  the  49th  year  of  the  reign  of 
King  Henry,  before  &c.  *  *  Item,  Ralph  de  Arcy  was  against  the  King,  whose  capital 
messuage  in  Dunston  is  worth,  per  annum,  ij.s.  ;  arable  land  with  meadow,  xx.s.;  there 
Is  no  rent  there ;  total,  xxij.s."  Inquis.de  rebell.  post  bellum  Evesham.,  no.  2M.  He  also 
held  the  manor  of  Langton,  in  Lincolnshire.    Ibid.,  no.  239 .  ^  Ciphi,  in  MS. 


55 

preecomputata,  pro  xxvij.  Equis.     Avena,  i.  quart,  vj.  bus.,  de  emptione  W. 
Clerici.  Summa,  xij.s.  iiij.d.  ob. 

[Pro  i.  Vacca  et  i.  Bove,  emptis  de  Breboma,        ;  pro  xiij.  Multonibus,' 
;]  quia  subtus. 

Pro  ferris  et  clavis  emptis,  ij.s.  iiij.d.     Averagium,  xv.d.     Pro  multura  v. 
quart.  Brasei  Ordei,  prius  intrati,  "vj.d.     Pro  Luminona,  xij.d.  ob. 


In  dorso  membrance  octavce. 

DOVORIA. 

Soluti  Jacqe^  custodi  leporariorum  Comitissae,  licentiate  apud  Dovoriam, 
ViGiLiA  Sancti  Johannis  BaptistjE,*  pro  gagiis  suis,  commorando  apud 
Odiham  et  veniendo  Doveriam,  per  xviij.  dies,  ij.s.  iij.d. 

Pro  literio  ad  canes,  apud  Odiham,  ^-d. 

^Liberati  nimcio  Domiai  S.  de  Monteforti,  ad  opus  Magistri  Guillielmi 
Machinatoris,*  ad  Festum  Saxcti  Johannis  Baptist^,'  per  manum 
Domisellae  Hawisise,  xiij.li.  vj.s.  viij.d.,  quos  mutuavimus  a  Thoma  Saleqin. 

Tradidi  Hicqe  Cissori  eunti  Odiham,  Die  Lunm"  ante  Nativitatem 
Beati  Johannis  BaptistjE,  v.s. 

Dati  nuncio  Comitissae  Lincolniae,  xij.d. 

Garcioni  J.  Scotti  eunti  Kenilleworthe,  in  nuncium  Comitissae,  Die 
Sancti  Joh.annis,  xx.d. 

Pro  ij.  paribus  sotidarium  et  caligarum,  ad  opus  Roberti  de  Valle  et 
Johannis  Nigrae  Noctis,  Vigilia  Saxcti  Johannis  Baptists,  ij.s.  xj.d.ob. 

Pro  iiij.  collariis,  i.  sella  carettae  fomita,  iiij.  paribus  forellorum  ad  tractus, 
i.  dosserio,  i.  crupario,  cum  atilo  pertinente,  xx.s.  i.d. 

Pro  iiij.  paribus  tractuum  emptis,  xxj.d. 

'  This  entry  is  cancelled,  in  MS.,  for  the  reason  given  above.     See  p.  60. 
Venatori  Comitissne,  struck  out  in  MS.  ^  23rd  of  June. 

■<  Lib.,  for  liberat'wnes,  marginal  note,  in  AIS.  *  He  was,  probably,  an  engineer. 

'  24th  of  June.  '  22ad  of  June. 


56 

Stipendia. 

Uni  garcionum  de  pistrina,  licentiato  apud  Dovoriam,  pro  stipendiis  et 
expensis  versus  patriam  suam,  ij.s. 

Pro  expensis  Domini  Ricardi  Personae  Kemesingse  euntis  Wincheleseiam, 
in  nuncium  Comitissse,' 

Pro  expensis  Radulphi  Pistoris  venientis  de  Porecestria  usque  Doveriam, 
per  iiij.  dies,  xx.d.  ob. 

Pro  oblationibus  Comitissse,  per  manum  Johannis  Scotti,  a  Die  LunjE 
proxima  ante  Festum  Sancti  Botulphi  usque  ad  Diem  Dominicam 
post  Festum  Apostolobum  Petri  et  Pauli,^  per  xxj.  dies,         vij.s.  v.d. 

Pro  cordis  ad  loner'  et  perticas  in  camera,  iiij.d.  ob. 

Pro  liquoricia,  iiij.d. 

Pro  expensis  Picardi  deferentis  litteras  Comiti  Arondelliee,'  et  inde  ad 
Dominum  S.  de  Monteforti,  per  vij  dies,  xv.d. 

Pro  expensis  W.  Bastardi,  i.  equi  et  i.  garcionis,  euntis  Walingeford  [et] 
Oxoniam,  pro  denariis  de  B.  Juvene  quaerendis,  et  redeuntis  cum  ij.  equis, 
socio  et  ij.  garcionibus,  v.s.  vj.d. 

Pro  i.  garcione  eunte  [ad]  Henricum  Poun^  cum  litteris,  ter  vel  quater, 

x.d. 

Pro  Picardo  deferente  litteras  Domino  de  Monteforti,  in  Festo  Aposto- 
lobum Petri  et  Pauli,^  vj.d. 

Dati  garcioni  de  Crendona,^  pro  litteris  deferendis  Walingeforde,         iij.d. 

Boletto  deferenti  litteras  Domino  S.  de  Monteforti,  Die  S abbati  sequente, 

xij.d. 

Prsestiti  Guilloto  Clerico,  super  stipendiis,  de  anno  xlix"°.,  ij.s. 

''[Pro  expensis  Ricardi  Cissoris  euntis  Odiham  et  redeuntis,  sinehernasio, 

iiij.s.  iiij.d.  ob.] 

Dati  nuncio  Domini  W.  de  Wortham,  in  Tbanslatione  Sancti 
Thom^,«  xij.d. 

1  The  sum  is  omitted  in  MS.  ^  pj-^^  jjjg  jstii  gf  ju,jg  (^  ^jjg  gjj^  <,£  j^jy_ 

3  John  Fitz-Alan,  eighth  Earl  of  Arundel. 

••  He  seems  to  have  been  a  wine-merchant.    See  p.  63  seg.  '  29th  of  June. 

«  Long  Crendon,  in  Buckinghamshire  ?  ?  This  entry  is  cancelled. 

8  7th  of  July. 


57 

Traditi  Guillielmo  Bordethe,  ad  expensas  Magistri  GuilUelmi  Machinatoris, 
Domini  Fulqonis  Constabularii,  Ricardi  de  Sancto  Johanne,  et  aliorum, 
euntium  Londinum,  contra  Dominum  S.  de  Monteforti,  in  Translatione 

SaNCTI  THOMiE,  XX.S. 

Picardo  eunti  Kenilleworthe,  Die  Mbrcukii'  proxima  post  Octavas 
Apostolorum,  cum  litteris  Comitissae,  xvj.d. 

Pro  murilego  et  minutis,  ad  cameram,  "^ij-d. 

Dati  nuncio  Magistri  Thomae  de  Cantilupo,^  eadem  die,  iiij.d. 

Eadem  die,  pro  litteris  deferendis  W.  de  Wincheleseia,  iij.d. 

Pro  i.  garcione  quaerente  gruem  in  puteo,  iiij.d. 

Traditi  Johanni  Scotto,  pro  minutis  necessariis  sibi  emendis,  Die 
Dominica'  ante  Translationem  Beati  Thom^,  prsecepto  Comitissce, 

xiij.s.  iiij.d. 
Stipendia. 

Prsestiti  Colino  Ferratori,  super  stipendiis  suis,  ij.s. ;  qui  intravit  servi- 
tium  Comitissse,  ad  Pascham,  anno  xlix"".,  sine  conventione. 

Pro  i.  sella,  strepis  et  cingulis,  ad  secundam  carettam,  ,      iiij.s.  ix.d. 

Soluti  S,  Coco,  pro  expensis  Ysabellce,  nutricis  GuiUielmi  de  Breosa,  re- 
cedentis,  i*)-d-  o^. 

Pro  camera,  Die  Lun^e*  ante  Festum  Sanct.e  Margarets,         xij.d. 

Pro  litteris  deferendis  Praeceptori  Templi,  iij-d.  ob. 

Pro  clutis,  clavis,  sepo  et  uncto,  [et]  coriis  ad  hernesium  ij.  carettarum, 
cum  expensis  W.  Carettarii,  apud  Cantuariam,  iij-s-  vj.d. 

Dati  nuncio  fratris  Johannis  de  Houctona,  Die  Mercuru  sequente, 

xij.d. 
Equi  capti  ad  opus  Domini  S.  de  Monteforti  euntis  Tonebrigiam,»  ad 
Nativitatem  Beati  Johannis  Baptist^.* 

"De  Ricardo  Gobion,  i.  equus  baius,  quem  noluit  appretiare., 

De  Michaele  de  Kemes[inge,]  i.  equus  baius,  pretiatus  ad  iiij.  marcas,  et 
i.  sumarius. 

'  8th  of  July.  =  The  Chancellor ;  see  p.  6,  ante.  '  5th  of  July. 

*  This  date  is  doubtful;  there  were  two  Feasts  of  St.  Margaret  celebrated  in  the  month 
of  July.  viz.  on  the  13th  and  20th.  '  Tunbridge.  '  24th  of  June. 

'pro  Domino  S.,  marginal  note,  in  MS.,  referring  to  the  first  seven  horses. 

I 


58 

De  Johanne  Scotto,  i.  equus  sor,  pretii  iij.  marcarum,  et  i.  sumarius. 
De  S.  CocOj  i.  equus  ferrandus,  non  appretiatus. 
De  W.  Clerico,  i.  [equus]  ferrandUs,  pretii  vj.  marcarum. 
De  Domino  Almarico,  i.  equus  sor,  qui  custavit  Comitissee,  xxx.s. 

De  Thoma  Mabile,  i.  equus  baius,  pretii  xxiiij.s.,  ad  ij"*""".  longam  carettam 
Comitissse. 

De  Andrea  Pincema,  i,  equus  balcanus,  pretii  ij.  marcarum,  ad  eandem. 
De  Colino  Marescallo,  i.  equus  liardus,  pretii,  xxiiij.s. 


Membrana  nona. 

1st  July.  Die  Mercubii  sequente,  scilicet,  in  Octavis  Beati  Johannis  Bap- 
TisTiE,  pro  Comitissa  et  preedictis ;  Panis,  i.  quart.,  de  Breborna.  Vinum, 
vj.  sext.  dimid. ;  missum  uxori  Thomse  Saleqin,  dimid.  sext.,  de  stauro 
Castri.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Coquina.  Pisces,  vij.s.  ix.d.;  pro  cc. 
Allecibus,  xx.d.  Ova,  ij.s.  Lac,  i.d.  q".  Fabee,  iij.d.  ob.  Mareschalcia. 
Herba,  pro  xxij.  Equis,  prius  computata.  Avena,  xj.  bus.,  de  emptione  W. 
Clerici.  Summa,  xij.s.  x.d.  q". 

Die  Jovis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  prsedictis ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  ij.  bus., 
de  Breborna.  Vinum,  vj.  sext.  Cervisia  empta,  xx.d.  q". ;  Portagium,  i.d. 
Coquina.  Grossae  cames;  i.  Bovettus,  de  Breborna,  et  ij.  Multones,  de 
eadem.  i.  Baconus,  de  stauro  Castri,  pro  Lardo.  Pollagium,  ij.s.  vj.d. 
Ova,  xviij.d.  Lac,  ij.d.  Fabse,  ij.d.  Pisces,  ij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Herba, 
prius  computata,  pro  xxvij.  Equis.  Avena,  xiiij.  bus.  dimid.,  de  emptione 
W.  Clerici.     Tela,  pro  Naperonibus,  vij.d. 

Summa,  vj.s.  x.d.  q^ 

Memorandum,  quod  cepimus  de  instauro  Domini  Henrici,  in  Castro,  x. 
quart,  dimid.  Ordei  in  Brasio,  cujus  multura  custavit,  x.d.  Pro  Busca 
empta  ad braciandum,  apud  Hospitale,'  iij.s.  i.d. ;  et  drascus  dimissus  fiiit  in 

'  The  Hospital  of  St.  Mary,  or  Maison  Dieu,  at  Dover,  founded  early  in  the  reign 


59 

domo  ejusdem.  Pro  gagiis  Willielmi  Bastard  et  unius  servientis  venientis 
cum  ipso,  cum  denariis  de  WestonV  per  ij.  noctes,  pro  ij.  equis  et  ij.  garci- 
onibus,  xv.d.  Pro  i.  batello  locato,  pro  Busca  carianda  per  aquam,  de 
Wicham,^  semel,  iiij.s.  Pro  expensis  Ricardi  Gobion  euntis  pro  Busca  et 
Blado  quffirendis,  vj.d.  ob.  Summa,  ix.s.  viij.d.  ob. 

Die  Veneris  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis;  Panis,  i.  quart.,  de 
Brebourna.  Vinum,  v.  sext.,  de  stauro  Castri ;  missum  Guillielmo  Emaldi, 
i.  sext.  Cervisia  braciniata,  xx.  quart,  dimid.,  praescripta.  Coquina. 
Plais  et  Bremiae,  vj.s.  Bars,  xj.d.  Alleces,  xvij.d.  Creviciae  etCaprae,  \j.d. 
Fabae,  vj.d.  Gruellus,  v.d.  Portagium,  iij.  ob.  Ova,  vj.d.  Mareschalcia. 
Herba,  praecomputata,  pro  xxvij.  Equis.  A  vena,  i.  quart,  vj.  bus.,  de  emp- 
tione  W.  Clerici.  Summa,  x.s.  iiij.d.  ob. 

Die  Sabbati  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis;  Panis,  i.  quart,  ij. 
bus.,  de  Breborna ;  praesentibus  Domino  Fulqone  et  aliis.  Vinum,  iiij.  sext. 
dimid.,  et  i.  gal.  et  dimid.  Cervisia,  prius  computata.  Cerasa,  iij.d.  Co- 
quina. Conger,  iij.s.  Alleces,  ij.s.  vj.d.  Soles,  xij.d.  Welqes,  ix.d.  Cre- 
viciae,  ij.d.  ob.  Barz,  xiij.d.  Fabse,  iiij.d.  Ova,  xviij.d.  Lac,  iij.  ob.  Por- 
tagium, i.d.  Mareschalcia.  Herba,  prius  computata,  pro  xlj.  Equis.  Avena, 
ij.  quart,  v.  bus.,  prascomputata.  Summa,  x.s.  x.d. 

Die  Dominica  sequente,  pro  Comitissa,  Dominis  J.  de  Haia,  Radulpho  stii  July. 
Darci,  J.  de  Snaua,  Radulpho  Haket,  Fulqone  Constabulario  et  aliis ; 
Panis,  i.  quart,  dimid.,  de  Breborna.  Vinum,  v.  sext.,  de  stauro  Castri. 
Cervisia,  praecomputata.  Missi  Guillielmo  Emaldi,  ij.  sext.  Yini,  de  stauro 
Castri.  Coquina.  i.  Bos,  de  Breborna,  et  ij.  Multones.  Pullagium,  iij.s. 
xj.d.     Lac,  iij.ob.     Ova,  xij.d.     Bestia  venationis,  pro  hospitio,  et  dimid., 

of  Henry  the  Third,  "  for  the  relief  of  pilgrims  and  several  poor  brethren  and  sisters." 
—  Tanner. 

'  This  abbreviation  was,  possibly,  intended,  for  JVestmonasterio ;  as  written,  however, 
it  is  clearly  Weston' ;  the  reader  must  choose  for  himself  from  among  the  numerous  places 
of  the  name,  of  which  several  are  in  Hampshire.  *  V>'ickham. 


60 

pro  Domina  de  Haia.    Mareschalcia.     Herba,  prsecomputata,  pro  xxxix, 
Equis.    Avena,  ij.  quart,  dimid.,  de  emptione  W.  Clerici. 

Summa,  v.s.  oh. 

Die  Lun^  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  omnibus  prsedictis,  Domino  J.  de 
Burtona  et  aliis ;  Panis,  1.  quart,  dimid.,  de  Breboma.  Vinum,  v.  sext. ; 
missum  Guillielmo  Ernaldi,  i.  sext.,  de  stauro  Castri.  Cervisia,  pro  Ix^g. 
gal.,  iij.s.  v.d.  q'. ;  item,  Cervisia,  preecomputata.  Coquina.  Bovinsecames 
emptee,  iiij.s.  vj.d.  ob.,  et  ij.  Multones,  de  Brebourna.  Ova,  xij.d.  Dimidia 
Bestia  venationis,  et  dimid.  missa  Dominse  de  Haia.  Fabae,  ij.d.  Mares- 
chalcia. Herba,  pro  xxxj.  Equis.  Avena,  ij.  quart,  i.  bus.,  de  emptione 
W.  Clerici.  Summa,  ix.s.  i.d.  ob.  q". 

Pro  cariagio  xij."*  Turbarum,  de  Wicham,  iiij.s.;  portagium,  xj.d.;  pro 
cariagio  i.  navatse  de  Busca,  vj.s. ;  portagium,  v.d. ;  pro  gagiis  Magistri 
GuiUielmi  Machinatoris,  per  i.  noctem,  viij.d.  ob. ;  pro  Herba,  ad  palefridos 
Domini  Ricardi  CapeUani,  vj.d.  Liberata,  de  dono  Comitissae,  Domino  P. 
de  Burtona,  ij.  quart.  Frumenti,  de  stauro  Castri,  et  ij.  Multones,  de  Bre- 
bourna. Pro  i.  Bove  empto,  de  Praeposito  de  Breboma,  x.s.;  pro  i.  Vacca," 
vij.s. ;  pro  i.  Juvencula,  vij.s. ;  pro  i.  pisa  Caseorutn,  viij.s. ;  pro  i.  Vacca  et 
i.  Bovetto,  xiiij.s. ;  ista  praecomputata.  Pro  ij.  Multonibus  de  Breboma,  ij.s. 
iiij.d.,  qui  liberabantur  Domino  Petro  de  Burtona;  pro  xiij.  Multonibus 
emptis  in  Marisco,'  per  dictum  Prsepositum,  xxiij.s.  x.d.,  pretii,  xxij.d. ; 
pro  X.  Aucis  emptis,  ij.s.  iij.d.  ob.  q".;  pro  vj.  Porcis,  xv.s. ;  pro  Cremio  et 
Butiro,  viij.d. ;  pro  expensis  Carettarii,  cum  v.  equis,  x.d.;  pro  xxiij.  quart. 
Frumenti,  emptis  ab  eodem,  iiij.li.  xix.s.  viij.d.,  pretii  quart.,  iiij.s.  iiij.d.; 
pro  xj.  quart.  Avenee  putrefactse,  xj.s.  Istud  compotum  factum  fuit  cum 
Praeposito  [de]  Breborna,  Die  Mebcurii^  in  Cbastino  Tkanslationis 
Beati  Tuomm.  Summa,  x.li.  xiiij.s.  i.d.  ob.  q". 

Tbanslatio  Sancti  Thom^e.^ 
Die  Martis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa,  et  preedictis  omnibus,  et  aliis, 

»  Romney  Marsh  ?  =  gjij  of  j^jy,  3  7^5,  ^f  j^jy 


61 

praeter  Dominum  J.  de  Haia ;  Panis,  i.  quart.  TJ.  bus.,  de  Breboma.  Vinum, 
V.  sext.,  de  stauro  Castri.  Cervisia,  prius  computata;  Cervisia,  pro  gar- 
cionibus,  xxiij.  gal.,  xvij.d.  q".  Coguina.  ij.  Multones,  prius  computati,  de 
Breboma.  Cames  emptse,  iij.s.  Pullagium,  iij.s.  ix.d.  ob.  Ova,  x.d.  ob. 
Fabse,  ij.d.  Mareschalda.  Herba,  praecomputata,  pro  xxtj.  Equis.  Avena, 
i.  quart,  vj.  bus.,  de  emptione  W.  Clerici.  Summa,  ix.s.  iij.d.  q». 

Die  Mebcurii  sequente,  pro  Comitissa,  Dominis  Radulpho  de  Arei  et 
J.  Snaues,  et  familia ;  Panis,  i.  quart.,  de  Breboma,  prius  computatus.  Vi- 
num, iij.  sext.  dimid.;  missum  Guillielmo  Emaldi,  i.  sext.,  de  stauro  Castri. 
Cervisia,  prsecomputata ;  Cervisia,  pro  garcionibus,  pro  iiij.'^''  [et]  v.  gal., 
iiij.s.  vj.d.  Coguina.  Pisces,  vj.s.v.d.ob.  Alleces,  x.d.  Fabae,  iiij.d.  Ova, 
xv.d.  ob.  q".  Lac,  iij.  ob.  Pisae,  ij.d.  Mareschalda.  Herba,  praecompu- 
tata, pro  xxvj.  Equis.  Avena,  i.  quart,  vj.  bus.,  de  emptione  W.  Clerici. 
Butirum,  i.d.  Forgia,  ij.s.  vj.d.  Pro  iiij.^  etiiij.  Ferris,  et  ij."  Clavoram, 
emptis  per  Colinum  Mariscallum,  ix.s.  ob. 

Summa,  xxv.s.  iiij.d.  q". 

Die  Jovis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa,  Dominis  R.  de  Arci,  et  J.  de  Snaues, 
et  familia ;  Panis,  i.  quart.,  de  Braboma,  prius  computatus.  Vinum,  iij.  sext., 
et  dimid. ;  item,  missum  Guillielmo  Emoldi,  i.  sext.,  de  Castro.  Cervisia, 
prius  computata.  Coquina.  i.  Porcus,  de  Braboma,  prius  computatus  j  item, 
ij.  Multones,  prius  computati ;  pro  dimid.  carcasio  Bovis,  empto  in  villa, 
iiij.s.  vj.d.  Pro  ccc.  Ovorum  emptis,  xv.d.  ob.  q".  Fabae  novae,  ij.d.  Lac, 
i.d.  ob.  Pisae  in  cossis,  ij.d.  [Mareschalda.]  Herba,  praecomputata,  pro 
xxvij.  Equis.     [Avena,j  i.  quart,  vij.  bus.,  praecomputata. 

Summa,  vj.s.  iij.d.  q^ 

Die  Veneris  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis,  [et]  Magistro  J.  [dej 
Londonia' ;  Panis,  vj.  bus.,  de  Braboma,  prius  computatus.  Vinum,  iij.  sext. 
et  iij.  gal.,  de  stauro  Castri ;  item,  pro  Pane,  ad  opus  Comitissae,  xij.d.  Cer- 
visia, praecomputata.  Coquina.  Piscis  emptus,  apud  Heyhe,"  iij.s.  iij.d. ; 
item,  Piscis  emptus,  apud  Dovoriam,  viij.d.  ob. ;  pro  y^.  Allecibus  emptis, 
'  See  the  entry  for  the  following  Sunday.  '  Hythe. 


G2 

ij.s.  iij.d.  ob.  Fabse  novae,  iij.d.  ob.  Portagium,  i.d.  Pro  Aqua  empta,  per 
hebdomadam,  v.d.  Mareschalcia.  Herba,  pro  xxix.  Equis.  Avena,  i.  quart, 
vij.  bus.  dimid,,  prsecomputata,  Summa,  viij.s.  ob. 

Dolium  vini  J  Die  Sabbati  sequente,  pro  Cooiitissa  et  praedictis,  et 
albi,pracomp.\Va\i.penhMS  xxv. ;  Panis,  i.  quart.,  de  Braborna,  prius  com- 
putatus.  Vinum,  iij.  sext.,  de  Castro.  Cervisia  empta,  pro  xxxiiij.  lagen., 
xvij.d. ;  i.  sextarius  Vini  missus  Priori  Hospitalis ;  i.  sext.  et  dimid.  de  Vino 
albo  prsecomputato.  Coquina.  Pisces,  de  Heithe,  ij.s.  x.d.  Crevicise  et 
Skrimpes,  vj.d.  q^  Alleces,  praecomputati.  Casei,  pro  tartis,  ij.d.  ob.  Ova, 
cccc,  xxj.d.  Fabae,  iij.d.  ob.  Lac,  iij.  ob.  Mareschalcia.  Herba,  pro 
xxvij.  Equis.     Avena,  i.  quart,  vj.  bus.  dimid.,  praecomputata. 

Summa,  vij.s.  i.d.  ob.  q*.     , 

12th  July.  Die  Dominica  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  [et]  praedictis,  praesentibus  Bur- 
gensibus  Sandwici  et  Wincheleseiae,  uxore  Domini  Radulphi  Darci,  Domino 
Petro  de  Bourtona  et  uxore  sua,  Magistro  J.  de  Londonia  et  aliis ;  Panis,  i. 
quart,  dimid.,  praecomputatus.  Vinum,  ij.  sext.  iij.  gal.  de  rubeo,  de  stauro 
Castri ;  i.  sext.  et  i.  gal.  de  albo  empto,  praecomputato.  Cervisia,  pro  xlv.- 
gal.,  xxij.d.  ob.  Coquina.  Dimid.  Bovis,  de  Braborna,  non  computatum, 
et  ij.  Multones,  praecomputati ;  i.  Porcus,  de  eadem,  praecomputatus.  Pul- 
lagium,  ij.s.  viij.d.  Pisae  in  cossis,  ij.d.  Ova,  xvj.d.  Lac,  iij.ob.  Mares- 
chalcia. Herba,  pro  xxvij.  Equis.  Avena,  i.  quart,  vj.  bus.  dimid.,  praecom- 
putata. Summa,  vj.s.  ij.d. 

Die  Lun^  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  familia  suprascripta ;  Panis,  i. 
quart.,  praecomputatus.  Vinum,  de  albo  i.  sext.  et  dimid.,  praecomputatum,  et 
i.  sext.  dimid.,  de  stauro  Castri.  Cervisia,  praecomputata.  Coquina. 
Dimid.  Bovis,  et  i.  Multo  praecomputatus,  de  Breborna.  Ova,  xv.d.  ob. 
Pullagium,  ix.d.  Mareschalcia.  Herba,  pro  xxvj.  Equis.  Avena,  i.  quart, 
vj.  bus.,  praecomputata.  Pisae,  ij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Herba,  pro  xxvj.  Equis. 
Avena,  xiiij.  bus.,  praecomputata.'  Summa,  ij.s.  ij.d.  ob. 

'  The  Clerk  seems  to  have  entered  these  items  twice,  by  mistake. 


63 

Pro  X.  quart.  Salis,  emptis  de  Salomone  Wibert,  xliiij.s.  -vj.d. ;  solvendi  ad 
Nativitatem  Beat^e  Mari^  ;'  pro  i.  Navi,  pro  eodem,  ij.s.  vj.d. ;  Per 
tagium,  et  locagium  i.  domus,  per  i.  noctem,  vij.d. ;  pro  i.  Navi  locata  pro 
Turba  carianda,  v.s.  vj.d. ;  Portagium  de  Navi,  x.d. ;  pro  vj",  et  cc.  Buscae, 
emptis  in  portu  Dovoriae,  xxviij.s.  vj.d.  ob. ;  Portagium  ejusdem,  xij.d. 
ob. ;  pro  i.  Caretta  locata  pro  eodem,  ^ij.d.,  per  i.  diem ;  pro  i.  Navi  defe- 
rente  Buscam  de  Wicham,  v.s.  vj.d. ;  Portagium,  x.d. ;  pro  vj.  doliis  Vini 
extrahendis  a  Navi  et  ponendis  in  cekrio,  et  i.  dolio  Domini  Kicardi  de 
Kemes[inge,J  ij.s.  xj.d. ;  ista  Vina  empta  fuerunt  de  H.  Poun  et  sociis  suis, 
sed  nescimus  adhuc  pretium ;  pro  iij.  lib.  Piperis,  iij.s. ;  pro  i.  Caretta  cariante 
Bladum,  de  Sandewico,  per  i.  diem,  viij.d. ;  pro  cariagio  Vinorum,  viij.d. ; 
pro  i.  garcione  custodiente  Boves,  per  xij.  dies,  xij.d. 

Summa,  iiij.li.  xviij.s.  viij.d.  ob. 

In  dorso  membraruB  nonce. 
Dati  garcioni  Henrici  Poun,  Die  Jovis  ante  Festum  Sanct.e  Mah- 

GARET^,''        ■  vj.d. 

Pro  xiij.  saccis  magnis,  pro  blado  deferendo,  emptis,  vj.s.  vj.d. 

Dati  cuidam  garcioni  deferenti  litteras  de  Marchia,'  Die  Veneris  se- 
quente,  xij.d. 

Eodem  die,  nuncio  Semanni,^  vj.d. 

Stipendia. 

Prsestiti  W.  Carettario,  super  stipendiis  suis,  de  anno  xlix"".,  iij.s. 

'  8th  of  September.  '  See  note,  p.  67,  ante. 

'  The  Marches  of  Wales,  where  the  Earl  of  Leicester  was,  about  the  end  of  June,  or 
the  beginning  of  July. 

*  The  printing  of  the  roll  had  proceeded  thus  far,  when  the  Editor  was  enabled  to  ascer- 
tain the  correct  name  of  this  person,  who  is  so  frequently  mentioned  in  it.  It  appears  by 
a  writ,  directed  to  the  sheriff  of  Northampton,  dated  on  the  24th  of  September,  1265,  that 
upon  the  surrender  of  the  castles  of  Berkhampstead  and  Wallingford,  after  the  battle  of 
Evesham,  Prince  Edward  granted  a  full  pardon  to  Richard  de  Haveringe,  (see  pp.  24,  29, 
30,  ante,)  Seman  de  Stokes,  William  de  Turvey,  and  John  de  Haveringe,  i^ch  (he  King 
had  confirmed.    Rot.  Claus.,  49  Hen.  HI.,  m.  3,  in  dorso. 


64 

Pro  sotularibus  Neirnuit,^  et  Hocsem',  ad  Festum  Sanct^  Margarets, 

iiij.d.  ob. 

Pro  i.  strigili,  pro  pullanis,  iij.  ob. 

Pro  ij.  urinalibus,  ad  cameram,  iij.  ob. 

Pro  expensis  Hicqe  Cissoris  [et]  WUlielmi  Bastardi  venientium  de  Odihanij 
cumhernasio  Comitissae,  cum  iiij.  carettis,  xiiij.  equis,  xiiij.  hominibus,  usque 
Dovoriam,  per  iiij.  dies,  xvj.s.  ix.d. 

Pro  expensis  carettarum  redeuntium,  cum  eisdem  xij.  equis  et  xij.  homini- 
bus, per  iiij.  dies,  xij.s. 

Pro  i.  haia  circa  buscam  facienda,  iij.ob. 

Pro  iiij.  frsenis,  ad  equos  de  secunda  caretta,  ij.s. 

Pro  i.  corda,  ad  carettam,  -vj.d.  ob. 

Pro  i.  roba  linea,  ad  opus  Roberti  de  Valle,  xvj.d.  ob. 

Dati  Garbag'  licentiate  de  coquina,  xij.d. 

Stipendia. 

Soluti  Roberto  Colterio,  pro  stipendiis  suis,  a  Pascha,  [anno]  xlvij""., 
Tlsque  ad  Vincula  Sancti  Petri,  anno  xlix"".,^  licentiate  apud  Dovoriam, 

xj.s.  vj.d. 

Die  Lun^'  post  Festum  Sancti  Jacobi,  dati  nuncio  Domini  W.  de 
Canda,  vi.d. 

Pro  sotularibus  Roberti  de  Valle,  iij.d.  ob. 

Pro  i.  diucena  cirotecarum,  pro  Comitissa  et  filia  sua,  xij.d. 

Pro  iij.  ducenis  parcameni  emptis,  ij.s. 

Pro  Oblationibus  Comitissae,  a  Die  Sabbati  proxima  post  Festum 
Apostolobum  Petri  et  Pauli,  usque  ad  Diem  Jovis  proximam  ante  Fes- 
tum Beati  Petri  ad  Vincula,*  per  manum  J.  Scotti,  vij.s.  y.d. 

Pro  mseremio  empto  ad  iij.  frameas,  pro  camera,  per  eundem,  xiiij.d. 

Pro  anisio  empto,  per  eundem,  iiij.d. 

Pro  litteris  deferendis  Peveneseiam,  Die  Jovis  ante  Festum  Beati 
Petri,  vij.d.  ob. 

1  See  p.  65.  ante,  for  the  purchase  of  shoes,  "  ad  opus  Johannis  Nigree  A'octis.'' 

'  From  the  6th  of  April,  1263,  to  the  1st  of  August,  1265. 

•■  27th  of  July;  4  From  the  4th  to  the  30th  of  July. 


65 

Dati  Nicholao,  homini  Stephani  Mansebuc,  commoranti  in  villa  Dovoriae, 
pro  calceis  et  linea  roba,  v.s. 

Pro  i.  fraeno  empto,  superdosserio  et  fraenis  carettae  emendis,     xviij.d.  ob. 

Slingaway  redeunti  ad  Comitem,  in  festo  praedicto,  ij.s. 

Garcioni  custodienti  Guillielmum  de  Breosa  et  Simonettum,  licentiate  in 
crastino,'  vj.d. 

Pro  ij.  vaginis  ad  culteUos  Comitissae,  iij.d. 

Pro  ij.  stantivis  barillis  faciendis  Cantuarise,  sine  ligaturis,  ij.s. 

Pro  expensis  Gobithesty  deferentis  litteras  Peveneseiam,ViGiLiASAxcTi 
Petri/  vj.d. 

Pro  XXV.  stellulis  deauratis,  ad  capeUum  Domisellae  Alianorae,         ij.s.  i.d. 

Pro  i.  garcione  quaerente  dictos  bariUos,  cum  i.  equo,  iij.ob. 

Pro  i.  firmaculo  aureo,  ponderante  xx.d.,  empto  et  dato  puero  Domini  J. 
de  Haia,  per  Domisellam  Alianoram,  Die  Lun-e^  post  festum  praedictum, 

xv.s. 

^Praestiti  Domino  Almarico  de  Monteforti,  pro  i.  firmaculo  de  pretio 
emendo,  et  dato"  puero  praedicto,  xliiij.s.  viij.d. 

Soluti  Domino  M.  de  Hastinge,  pro  passagio  Domini  Droci  de  Noviomo'  et 
fratris  Bonefacii,  Nunciorum  Domini  Regis  Franciae/  ad  Festum  Sancti 
Petri  ad  Vincula,  xij.s. 

Pro  i.  navi  locata  pro  hemasio  Comitissae  quaerendo,  apud  Porecestriam, 
quae  existens  apud  Wincheleseiam  rediit,  vento  deficiente,  per  Johannem  de 
Maidestane,  xx.s. 

Pro  i.  navi  locata  pro  machina'  quaerenda,  apud  Peveneseiam,  per  Thomam 
Saleqim,  xl.s. 

Pro  ij.  garcionibus  quserentibus,  de  nocte,  averia  de  Breboma,  v.d. 

Pro  litteris  Domini  Almarici  deferendis  uxori'  Justitiarii,  ad  Vincula 
Sancti  Petri,  \-iij.d. 

'  2nd  of  August.  "  31st  of  July.  '  3rd  of  August. 

*  mutuaf,  marginal  note,  in  MS.  '  Sic  in  WS.  *  de  Xoyon. 

'  See  p.  51,  ante,  note.  '  The  clerk  originally  wrote  ing',  for  ingenia. 

»  Aliva,  or  Alina,  daughter  and  heiress  of  Philip  Basset  of  Wycombe,  Co.  Buckingham, 
who  died  in  12/1,  Nvife  of  Hugh  le  Despenser,  Justitiary  of  England,  who  fell  at  the 
battle  of  Evesham.     Rot.  Pat.,  49  Hen.  HI.,  m.  5.     She  afterwards  married  Roger  Bigod, 

K 


66 

Pro  minuto  hernasio,  ad  carettam,  xij.d. 

Slingawai  eunti  ad  Comiterri,  in  Festo  Sancti  Petri,  ij.s. 

Garcioni  GuiUielmi  de  Breosa,  licentiato  eodem  die,  vj.d. 

Pro  caligis  Roberti  de  Valle,  x.d. 

Gobithesty  eunti  Windesores,  cum  litteris  Domini  Almarici,  xij.d. 

Pro  sotularibus  Domisellae  Cristianse  et  Neimoctis,  x.d. 

Liberati  Magistro  Domus  Dei,'  Dovoriae,  eunti  ad  Regem,  in  Crastino 
Sancti  Laurentii,^  xl.s. 

Eodem  die,  liberati  Magistro  Guilliehno  Machinatori,  de  dono  Comitissse, 

xl.s. 

Eodem  die,  Ernaldo  Dantyn,  nuncio  Domini  Remundi  GuiUielmi,  de  dono 
ejusdem,  Ixvj.s.  viij.d. 

Eodem  die,  Johanni  de  Mucia  eunti  in  patriam  suam,  xxvj.s.  viij.d. 

Nuncio  venienti  de  Seman,  Die  Veneris*  ante  Festum  Sancti  Lau- 

RENTII,  ■vj.d. 

Pro  uncto  ad  carettas,  et  aliis  parvis,  v.d. 

Pro  litteris  deferendis  Cantuariam,  ssepius,  v.d. 

Pro  litteris  deferendis  Waltero  Clerico,  de  Wincheleseia,  iij.d. 

Pro  hernasio  carettse  reparando,  vj.d. 

CoUno  Mariscallo  eunti  Porecestriam,  pro  hernasio  quserendo  et  carettis 
locandis,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Pro  sotularibus  garcionis  parvi,  de  caretta  secunda,  iiij.d. 

Stipendia. 

Preestiti  Eyne  garcioni  longse  carettae,  super  stipendiis,  xij.d. 

Pro  i.  navi  et  circa  c.  marinariis,  ducentibus  Ricardum  de  Monteforti  de 
Wincheleseia  usque  Dovoriam,  Die  Mbrcurii^  ante  Assumptionem,    c.s. 

W.  de  Cateby  redeunti  Domino  S.  de  Monteforti,  Vigilia  Assump- 
TIONIS,^  iij.s. 

Pro  x.  ulnis  saiae  nigrae,  pro  roba  et  huscia,  ad  opus  Ricardi  de  Monteforti, 

xvij.s. 

sixth  and  last  Earl  of  Norfolk,  of  that  name,  who  died  in  1307.  Rot.  Finium,  56  Hen. 
III.,  m.  19.  Dugdale's  account  of  this  lady  and  her  husbands  is  singularly  erroneous. 
See  Baronage,  vol.  i.,  pp.  135,  390.  '  See  p.  58,  ante,  note.        ^  11th  of  August. 

=  7th  of  August.  ■'  12th  of  August.  M4th  of  August. 


67 

Guillielrao  de  Sancto  Dionisio  redeunti  ad  Dominum  S.  de  Monteforti, 
Die  Martis'  post  Assumptionem,  iij.s. 

Stipendia, 

Praestiti  Jacke  de  Pistrina,  super  stipendiis  suis,  xij.d. ;  qui  venit  ad 
Natale,  anno  x1ix°°- 

Pro  Oblationibus  Comitissse,  per  J.  Scottum,  a  Die  Mercurii  ante 
Festum  Sancti  Jacobi  usque  ad  Diem  Mercurii  post  Assumptionem,- 
cum  xij.s.  ix.d.,  pro  anima  Comitis,^  xxij.s.  iiij.d. 

Pro  foeniculo,  ad  cameram,  iij.d. 

pro  Domino  S.j     Praestiti  Ricardo  de  Monteforti,  solvendi  xxix.  Sagittariis^ 
de  Mow^e/'oj'^i. iqui fuerunt apud  Peveneseiam,  circa  Assumptionem,'  xxix.s. 

Dati  Nuncio  Domini  Edwardi,  venienti  cum  litteris  ad  Comitissam,  pro 
gagiis  suis,  ij.s. 

Pro  expensis  J.  de  Maidenestan  euntis,  cum  i.  batello,  apud  Winchele- 
seiam,  in  nuncium  Ricardi  de  Monteforti,  Die  Jovis"  post  Assumptionem, 

iiij.s. 

Pro  i.  sella,  ad  secundam  carettam,  xij.d. 

Pro  ij.  cimentariis  [et]  ij.  servientibus  facientibus  fumum,  per  ix.  dies, 

vj.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  liberati  Magistro  Guillielmo  Machinatori,  licentiate  in  Festo 
Beati  Johannis  Decollationis,7  xl.s. 

Arnadono  nepoti  Domini  Remundi  Guillielmi,  licentiate  cum  eodem, 

xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Soluti  pro  passagio  Amaldi  de  Sancto  Cristo,  versus  Angliam,  xx.s. 

Treubodi  eunti  Kenillewortbe,  Die  Mercurii'  ante  Nativitatem 
Beat^  Marine,  cum  i.  pare  sotularium,  ij.s. 

Eodem  die,  Wilecok  eunti  ibidem,  ad  Dominum  Regem  Alemannise, 

xviij.d. 

1  18th  of  August.  =  From  the  22nd  of  July  to  the  19th  of  August. 

'  The  battle  of  Evesham,  where  the  Earl  of  Leicester  was  defeated  and  slain,  was  fought 
on  Tuesday  the  4th  of  August,  1265.  See  Matthew  Paris  and  the  "  Annals  of  Waverley," 
sub  anno. 

*  There  is  a  payment  for  the  clothing  of  these  Archers  on  the  dors  of  the  13th  membrane. 

'  15th  of  August.         «  20th  of  August.        '  29th  of  August.  »  2nd  of  September. 


68 

Garcioni  Ricardi  de  Monteforti,  eunti  in  nuncium  suum,  xij.d. 

Pro  caligis  et  sotularibus  cujusdam  Ferratoris,  pro  servitio  suo,  xviij.d. 

Pro  i.  garcione  quaerente  Magistrum  N.  de  Hecham,  iij.d. 

Pro  Oblationibus,  xxx".  die'  post  obitum  Comitis,  vij.s. 

Pro  minutis  ad  cameram,  per  Cristianam,  v.d. 


Membrana  decima.  ' 

14th  July.  ^DiE  Martis,  in  Octavis  Translationis  Bbati  Thom^,  pro  Comi- 
tissa  et  prsedictis ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  i.  bus.,  de  Breboma,  prsecomputatus. 
Vinum,  i.  sext.  dimid.,  de  albo  prsecomputato ;  ij.  sext.  de  rubeo,  et  iiij. 
sext.  dimid.,  pro  garcionibus,  de  stauro  Castri.  Cervisia,  praecoraputata. 
Coquina.  i.  Bos,  i.  Porous  et  i.  Multo,  de  Breboma.  Ova,  xvj.d.  ob. 
Fabae,  iij.d.  ob.  Lac,  ij.d.  ob.  Scutellee,  i''.,  xiiij.d.  ob.  Mustarde,  iiij.d. 
Pro  i.  equo  et  i.  garcione  quaerente  Scutellas,  ij.d.  ob.  Piscis,  ij.d.  Pisse, 
ij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum,  de  Brebourna,  pro  xxvj.  Equis.  Avena,  i. 
quart,  v.  bus.,  praecomputata. 

Summa,  iij.s.  xj.d.  ob. 

Die  Mercurii  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  de 
Breborna.  Vinum,  i.  sext.  dimid.,  praecomputatum ;  iij.  sext.  de  rubeo,  et 
iij.  sext.  et  iij.  gal,,  pro  garcionibus,  de  stauro  Castri.  Cervisia,  praecompu- 
tata. Coquina..  Pisces,  de  Heithe,  iiij.s.  ij.d.  ob.  AUeces,  ij.s.  iij.d.  Ova, 
xvj.d.  ob.  Fabae,  ij.d.  ob.  Lac,  iij.ob.  Creviciae  et  Capra,  vj.d.  q".  Pisae, 
ij.d.  Portagium  Allecium,  ob.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum,  pro  xxvj.  Equis, 
de  Breboma.     Avena,  i.  quart,  vj.  bus.  dimid.,  praecomputata. 

Summa,  viij.s.  x.d.  ob.  q*. 

Dolium  vini,  J  Die  Jovis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  etpraedictis;  Panis, 
de  stauro  Castri.\i.  quart.'  dimid.,  de  Breborna.     Vinum,  i.  sext.,  de  albo 

•  3rd  of  September.  2  non  sol.,  marginal  note,  in  MS. 

'  .vUa!  cariag-',  written  above  this  word,  in  MS. 


69 

praecomputato ;  ij.  sext.  dimid.,  de  rubeo,  et  iiij.  sext.  dimid.,  pro  garci- 
onibus.  Cervisia,  praecomputata.  Coquina.  Pro  i.  Multone  empto,  xiij.d. 
ob.  Games,  praecomputatse.  Pullagium,  xix.d.  Ova,  xj.d,  Lac,  ij.d.  Pisae, 
ij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum,  de  Breboma,  pro  xxviij.  Equis.  Avena,  i. 
quart,  vij.  bus.,  praecomputata.  Pro  dineriis  equorum  et  garcionum  quae- 
rentium  Bladum,  Sandwici,  v.d.  Pro  i.  garcione  custodiente  pratum  falcatum, 
iij.d.  Pro  expensis  Marescalli  quaerentis  ferrum  Cantuariae,  ij.d.  ob.  Pro 
i.  sella  ad  somerium  Poletriae,  fraeno,  cingulis  et  paneriis,  ij.s.  ix.d.  Aqua, 
pro  Coquina,  iij.d.  Summa,  vij.s.  x.d. 

Die  Veneris  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  prsedictis;  Panis,  vj.  bus.,  prac- 
computatus.  Vinum,  i.  sext.,  de  albo  praecomputato ;  iij.  sext.  i.  gal.,  de 
rubeo,  de  stauro  Castri,  et  iij.  sext.  iij.  gal.,  pro  garcionibus,  de  stauro  Castri. 
Coquina.  Pisces,  de  Heitha,  iij.s.  vij.d.  AUeces,  x\-ij.d.  Creviciae,  v.d. 
Fabae,  ij.d.  ob.  Portagium,  ob.  Mareschalcia.  Per  aestimationem,  pro 
xxvj.  Equis,  Foenum,  de  Breboma.    Avena,  i.  quart,  vj.  bus.,  praecomputata. 

Summa,  v.s.  viij.d. 

Die  Sabbati  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  prcedictis ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  i. 
bus.,  de  Breboma,  praecomputatus.  Vinum,  de  albo,  i.  sext.  dimid.,  prae- 
computatum ;  de  rubeo,  v.  sext.,  et  dimid.  sext.  missi  fratribus  in  vUla,  per 
Dominum  Almaricum,  et  iiij.  sext.  i.  gal.,  pro  garcionibus,  de  stauro  Castri. 
Coquina.  Pisces,  de  Heithe,  iij.s.  viij.d.  Item,  in  Dovoria,  Pisces,  xviij.d. 
Alleces,  xvij.d.  Fabae,  ij.d.  ob.  Lac,  iij.ob.  Ova,  v.d.  ob.  Pisae,  ij.d.  q°- 
Gruellus,  iij.d.  ob.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum,  de  Breboma,  pro  xxvj.  Equis. 
Avena,  i.  quart,  vj.  bus.,  praecomputata. 

Summa,  vij.s.  x.d.  q*. 

Die  Dominica  sequente,  pro  Comitissa,  Dominis  Radulpho  Darcy  [et]  i9th  July. 
uxore  sua,  Petro  de  Bortona  et  uxore  sua,  J.  de  Doveria  et  uxore  sua,  et 
aliis ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  ij.  bus.,  praecomputatus.  Vinum,  i.  sext.  dimid.,  de 
albo  praecomputato,  et  v.  sext.  de  rubeo,  et  iiij.  sext.  dimid.,  pro  garcionibus, 
de  stauro  Castri.  Coquina.  i.  Bos,  de  Breboma,  et  i.  Porcus,  de  eadem,  et 
ij.  Multones,  de  eadem.     Pullagium,  ij.s.  ij.d.     Ova,  ccc,  xvj.d.  ob.     Lac, 


70 

ij.d.     Pisee,  ij.d.     Aqua,  pro  Coquina,  iij.d.     Mareschalcia.     FcEnum,  de 
Breborna,  pro  xxv.  Equis.     Avena,  i.  quart,  v.  bus.  dimid.,  praecomputata. 

Summa,  iiij.s.  ij.d.  ob. 

r     Missa  Guillielmo  Ernaldi,  dimid.  Bestia;   Dominae  de  Haia^ 
Venatio. 


k 


Bestiee ;  Priori  Hospitalis,  i.  Bestia ;  Domino  P.  de  Burtona, 
et  uxori  Domini  Radulphi  Darcy,  dimid.  Bestia ;  uxori  Thomse  Salekin,  i. 
costa.  Expensi,  per  Andream,  in  Caseis,  a  principio  adventus  Comitissae 
usque  nunc,  xx.  Casei;  unde  xvj.  faciunt  pisam ;  et  restant  xij.,  de  ij.  pisis 
receptis. 

Die  Lun^  sequente,  pro  Comitissa,  Dominis  Radulpho  de  Arei  et  uxore 

sua,  Petro' et  uxore  sua,  Thoma  Salekin  et  uxore  sua ;  in  Pane,  i. 

quart,  etij.bus.  In  Pane  empto,  ad  opus  Dominae,  xij.d.  Vinum  album,  i, 
sext.  et  dimid.  Vinum  rubeum,  vj.  sext.  et  dimid. ;  pro  Coquina,  i.  lagen. 
Cervisia,xxxij.  lagen.,  xYJ.d.  Coquina.  Boves  et  Porci,  praecomputati,'etij. 
Multones  expenditi,^  de  Braybuma.  In  PuUagio,  ij.s.  Ova,  ccc,  xvj.d.  ob. 
Lac,  i.d.  ob.  Potagium,  i.d.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum  pro  xxiiij.  Equis. 
Avena,  i.  quart,  v.  bus.  dimid.  Summa,  v.s.  xj.d.^ 

Die  Martis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa,  [et]  Domino  Radulpho  de  Arci; 
In  Pane,  i.  quart,  i.  Caseus,  de  Brayburna.  Vinum,  i.  sext.  Vini  albi ; 
V.  sext.  et  iij.  lagen.  Vini  rubei.  Cervisia,  xxx.  lagen.,  xv.d.  Coquina^  i. 
Bos,  de  Brayburne;  ij.  Multones,  de  eadem.  PuUagium,  ij.s.  Ova,  xj.d. 
Die  Dominica  et  Die  Lunjl,  ij.  Bestiee  venationis  expensse  in  aula; 
dimid.  Bestia  legata  Dominae  de  la  Haye.  Pisae,  ij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Foe- 
num, [pro]  xxiiij.  Equis.  Avena,  i.  quart,  v.  bus.  dimid. ;  preeter,  pro  ij. 
Equis  in  villa,  iiij.d.     In  expensis  garcionum,  ij.d.     In  Ferrura,  iij.d. 

Summa,  v.s.  i.d. 

1  de  Burtona  ?  His  name  occurs  in  the  preceding  days.  This  and  the  following  entry 
were  made,  apparently,  by  another  clerk,  and  are  extremely  ill  written. 

'  Sic  in  MS.,  for  eaipensi  or  eiepediti  ?  ^  originally  written  iij.s.  vij.d. 


71 

Computatum  cum  valetto  Roberti  de  Westmol',  Die  Sabbati  in  Festo 
Sancti  Jacobi. 

■  Pro  xiiij.  lib.  Zucari,  emptis  per  Ricardum  Cissorem/  in  quindecim 
dies  post  Pascham,  xxviij.s. ;  pro  iiij.  lib.  Albi-ptdveris,  per  eundem,  viij.s. ; 
pro  Oleo-lauri,  iiij.d. ;  pro  dimid.  centena  Amygdalorum,  capta  per  W.  Cle- 
ricum,  in  Septimana  Pentecostes,  ad  opus  Domini  Regis  Alemannise, 
x.s. ;  pro  iij.  lib.  Piperis,  ad  opus  ejusdem,  iij.s. ;  pro  ij.  lib.  Zingiberi,  ad 
opus  ejusdem,  iiij.s. ;  pro  dimid.  lib.  Galingalium,  xviij.d. ;  pro  dimid.  lib. 
Gariofili,  vj.s.,  ad  opus  ejusdem ;  pro  i.  lib.  Anisii,  et  i.  lib.  Fceniculi,  vj.d. ; 
Sacci,  v.d.  Item,  pro  dimid.  lib.  Croci,  empta  in  Festo  Sancti  Jacobi, 
de  eodem,  vj.s. ;  pro  i.  lib.  Galingalium,  iij.s. ;  Sacci,  ij.d. ;  pro  xxx.  lib.  Pi- 
peris, emptis  de  GuiUielmo  Craggi,  Dovorice,  xx.s. ;  pro  xxiiij.  lib.  Zingiberi, 
emptis  de  eodem,  xx.s. 

Pro  ij.  Bobus  emptis  apud  Baterichesdene,  per  Ricardum  Gobion,  xxiiij. s. ; 
pro  i.  Vacca,  ix.s.  i.d.  J  item,  pro  i.  Vacca,  viij.s.  v.d. ;  item,  pro  i.  Vacca, 
vij.s.  vj.d. ;  pro  ccxxv.  Ferris  equorum,  emptis  ibidem,  xiij.s.  ix.d. ;  pro  m.  v.*^,' 
xxij.d.  ob. ;  pro  expensis  Ricardi*  Gobion,  Domini  Ricardi  Capellani  et  Prae- 
positi  de  Breborna,  xxiiij. d.  ob. ;  pro  expensis  Ricardi  Gobion  euntis  apud 
Wicham,  pro  Busca,  bis,  xiiij.d. ;  pro  ccc.  Pirorum,  pro  Comitissa,  x.d. ;  pro 
expensis  Colini  Mariscalli  quferentis  Pira,  apud  Cantuariam,  iij.d. ;  pro  prato 
apud  Scholdene'  adunando  et  prseparando,  ij.s.  i.d.,  perColinum  Mariscallum. 

Summa,  ix.  li.  xxiii.d. 

Die  Mebcurii  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  preedictis;  Panis,  i.  quart,  et 
i.  bus.  Vinum  album,  dimid.  sext.  Vinum  rubeum,  vj.  sext.  dimid.  Cer- 
visia,  xxxvj.  [gal.]  xviij.d.  Coquina.  Piscis,  de  Heithe,  iiij.s.  Bremes  et 
Dartes,  ij.s.  vj.d.  Soles,  xij.d.  Playz,  vij.d.  Creviciae  et  Caprae  marinae, 
v.d.  ob.  In  v.'^  Ovorum,  ij.s.  iij.d.  ob.  Mostarde,  iij.d.  In  Coloris,  ad 
Coquinam,  vj.d.  In  Fabis  [et]  Pisis,  iiij.d.  ob.  In  Lacte,  i.d.  ob.  Mares- 
chalcia.  Foenum,  pro  xvj.  Equis.  Avena,  i.  quart.    Summa,  xiij.s.  vij.d.« 

'  The  marginal  note  non  sol.,  is  annexed  to  this  account,  and  refers  to  the  first  para- 
graph of  it.  *  ad  album-pulverem,  struck  out  in  MS. 

'  Clavonm  ?  *  Gobion  queerentis  ista,  viij.d.  ob. ;  these  words  are  struck  out  in  MS. 

'  Sholdon,  in  Kent.  '  Written,  at  first,  dij.s.  i.d. 


72 


Die  Jovis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  prsedictis  ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  i.  bus. 
Vinum  album,  iij.  lagen.  Vinum  rubeum,  vj.  sext.  et  dimid.  Cervisia, 
xxxvj.  lagen.,  xviij.d.  Portagium,  i.d.  ob.  Coquina.  Bos,  prsecomputatus, 
ij.Multones  et  i.  Porcus,  de  Brayburna.  Ova,  xvj.d.  ob.  Lac,  ij.d.  Pultes, 
iij.d.  ob.  Portitori  Aquae,  iij.d.  ob.  Mareschalda.  Foenum,  pro  xxv.  Equis. 
Avena,  i.  quart,  dimid.  et  dimid.  bus.  Summa,  iij.s.  ix.d. 

24th  July.  Die  Veneris,  pro  Comitissa  et  prsedictis  ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  ij.  bus.  Vinum' 
album,  i.  sext.  Vinum  rubeum,  vij.  sext.  Nunciis  de  Francia,'  legati  i. 
sext.  Vini  albi,  et  i.  sext.  Vini  rubei.  Cervisia,^  xlij.  lagen.,  xxj.d.  Co- 
quina. In  Playz  et  aliis  piscibus,  v.s.  In  Pisce  prsedictis  Nunciis  legato, 
iij.s.  Alleces,  xiij.d.  In  Capris  et  Creviciis,  iij.d.  In  Ovis,  cc,  xj.d. 
In  Fabis  et  Pisis,  iiij.d.  ob.  Mareschalda.  Fcenum,  pro  xxxvij.  Equis. 
Avena,  ij.  quart,  et  dimid.     Litera,  ij.d. 

Summa,  xij.s.  vj.d.  ob. 

In  dorso  memhrance  decimce. 

Pro  xxxiiij.  ulnis  rosseti  emptis  Londonise,  per  Dominum  Thomam  de 
Piulesdona,'  ad  opus  Comitissse,  ad  Nativitatem  Beat^  Mari*, 

cxiij.s.  iiij.d. 
1  See  pp.  51,  65,  ante. 

=  The  words  pro  caretariis  caner',  or  caver',  are  interlined  here  in  MS. ;  it  is  doubtful 
in  what  part  they  ought  to  be  inserted  ;  and  the  meaning  of  the  last  word  is  very  obscure. 

5  Thomas  de  Piulesdon  or  Piwelesdon,  a  noted  London  demagogue,  and  partizan  of 
the  Earl  of  Leicester.  He  was  elected  Constable  by  the  commons  of  London  shortly  before 
the  battle  of  Lewes,  at  the  same  time  that  they  chose  a  Marshal  in  the  person  of  Stephen 
Bukerel;  and  it  was  enacted  that  upon  their  summons,  and  the  tolling  of  the  great  bell  of 
St.  Paul's,  either  by  day  or  night,  all  the  men  of  the  city  should  assemble,  well  armed, 
and  follow  the  banners  of  the  said  Constable  and  Marshal. — "  Afterwards  Hugh  le 
Despenser,  the  Justitiary,  who  then  kept  the  Tower,  with  a  great  body  of  the  people  went 
forth  from  the  city,  following  the  banners  of  the  said  Constable  and  Marshal ;  and  they 
knew  not  whither  they  were  to  go,  or  what  was  to  be  done ;  and  they  were  led  to.Isleworth, 
and  there  they  razed  and  burned  the  manor  of  the  King  of  Germany,  and  stole  all  the 
goods  found  therein,  and  destroyed  his  mills  and  fishponds ;  no  truce  being  observed 
during  the  sitting  of  the  said  Parliament,  (at  Oxford.)    And  this  was  the  beginning  of 


73 

Pro  i.  pemola  ad  pallium,  de  agnis  albis,  ix.s. 

Pro  carentinilla,  ad  ista  involvenda,  x.d.  ob. 

Pro  expensis  i.  equi  et  garcionis  ista  deferentium  et  redeuntium, 

xvij.d.  ob.' 

Pro  Oblationibus,  a  Die  Mercurii  proxima  post  Assumptionem  usque 
Diem  Mebcurii  post  Nativitatem  Beat^  Mari^,^  per  J.  Scottum, 

vj.s.  x.d. 

Pro  ij.  paribus  manutergioruni,  ad  cameram,  ij.s. 

Praestiti  Hugoni  filio  Ricardi,  ad  expensas  suas,  xviij.d. 

Pro  i.  equo,  ad  opus  Johannis  Scotti,  licentiati  dicta  Die  Mercurii,   iij.s. 

Pro  i.  sella  ad  summam  suam  quam  tradidit*  Domino  S.  de  Monteforti, 
cum  cingulis,  viij.s.  vj.d. 

Soluti  eidem  pro  roncino  suo,  tradito  eidem  Domino  S.,  supra  appretiato, 

xl.s. 

Traditi  Magistro  N.  de  Meleberga,  pro  expensis  Magistri  Domus  Dei,* 
Magistri  N.  de  Hecham,  et  suis  [et]  aliorum,  usque  ad  x.  equos,  euntium 
Wintoniam,^  in  nimcium  Comitissse,  Die  Veneris*  post  Nativitatem 
Beat.e  Marine,  c.s. 

Eadem  die,  pro  i.  garcione  deferente  litteras  ComitissBe  post  Dominum 
H.  de  Coleworthe,'  viij.d. 

sorrows,  and  the  origin  of  the  mortal  war  through  which  so  many  manors  were  burned, 
and  so  many  both  rich  and  poor  despoiled,  and  so  many  thousand  men  perished." — 
Chronicle,  in  the  MS.  entitled  Liber  de  Antiquis  Legibus,  preserved  in  the  archives  of 
the  Corporation  of  London ;  it  was  written  by  an  officer  of  the  city  who  was  a  contem- 
porary and  witness  of  these  troubles.  For  this  outrage  upon  the  property  of  the  King  of 
the  Romans,  the  Citizens  were  subsequently  compelled  to  pay  a  fine  of  1000  marks. 
Thomas  de  Piwelesdon  forfeited  his  possessions  after  the  death  of  the  Earl  of  Leicester, 
and  they  were  divided  between  Henry,  son  of  the  King  of  the  Romans,  and  Prince  Edward. 
Rot.  Pat.,  49  Hen.  HI.,  m.  5.  He  was  again  engaged  in  treasonable  practices,  in  the  14th 
of  Edward  the  First.     See  Fabian's  Chronicle,  sub  anno  1286. 

•  Marginal  note,  in  MS.,  referring  to  these  four  items,  ista  debenlur  eidem,  per  lalUam. 
'  From  the  19th  of  August  to  the  9th  of  September. 

'  See  p.  58,  ante,  with  reference  to  this  and  the  next  entry. 

*  The  Maison  Dieu,  at  Dover.  '  Winchester.  '  11th  of  September. 

'  "  Hughde  Culewrthe,  knight,"  mentioned,  with  other  adherentsof  the  Earl  of  Leicester, 

L 


74 

In  crastino,  pro  i.  garcione  deferente  litteras  Domino  S.  de  Monteforti, 
pro  Domino  R.  de  Bruys,  xij.d. 

Pro  ij.  ulnis  blancheti,  emptis  pro  camera,  ij.s. 

Pro  sotularibus  et  caligis  Neimuyt,  eadem  die,  xix.d.  ob. 

Dati  Petro  de  Novavilla,  eunti  in  Bigorram,  Dominica'  post  Nativi- 
TATEM  Beat^  Mari^,~  xuj.s.  iiij.d. 

Pro  vj.  ulnis  russeti,  ad  robam  Robini  Picard,  de  dono,  x.s. 

Pro  i.  pare  tractuum,  ad  secundam  carettam,  x.s. 

Pro  ij.  paribus  caligarum,  ad  opus  Ricardi  de  Monteforti,  ij.s.  iiij.d. 

Pro  iij.  quarteriis  blancetti,  pro  camera,  ix.d. 

Soluti  pro  una  navi  veniente  de  Wincheleseia,  pro  Ricardo,^  quae  nichil 
fecit,  '^j-s. 

Pro  passagio  Ricardi  de  Monteforti  usque  Gravelingas,*  Die  Veneris* 
ante  Fbstum  Sancti  Matthei,  xxvj.s.  viij.d. 

Traditi  ad  expensas  suas  eunti  in  Bigorram,'  cum  R.  de  Garenter', 

xiij.li.  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Arnaldo  de  Sancto  Cristo,  eunti  ante  ipsum,  Ixyj.s.  viij.d. 

De  istis  denariis  debeo  Thomse  Saleqin,  xvj.  marcas. 

Johanni  de  Dovoria,  eunti  cum  ipsis,  v.s. 

Pro  ij.  sellis  ad  summam  emptis  ad  opus  Comitissse,  xj.s.  vj.d. 

Pro  ij.  paribus  sotularium,  ad  opus  GuUliebni  de  Breosa,  vij-d. 

in  a  writ  commanding  the  surrender  of  a  castle,  the  name  of  which  does  not  appear.  Rot. 
Pat.,  49  Hen.  III.,  m.  11,  in  dorso,  no.  6. 

1  13th  of  September.         ^  de  Monteforti  ?        s  Gravelines.        *  18th  of  September. 

^  In  explanation  of  the  correspondence  which  the  Countess  appears  to  have  maintained 
with  Bigorre,  in  Gascony,  it  may  be  remarked  that  Petronilla,  Countess  of  Bigorre,  in  her 
own  right,  married,  in  1216,  Guy  de  Montfort  the  brother  of  the  Earl  of  Leicester,  and 
second  son  of  Simon  de  Montfort,  first  Earl  of  Leicester  of  his  name,  distinguished  in 
the  annals  of  the  crusades  against  the  Albigeois.  This  Guy  was  slain,  in  1220,  at  the  siege 
of  Castelnaudari.  Petronilla,  Countess  of  Bigorre,  survived  five  husbands  and  died  in 
1261.  L'Art  de  Verifier  les  Dates.  Richard  de  Montfort,  mentioned  above,  was,  unques- 
tionably, t\t  fifth  son  of  the  Earl  and  Countess  of  Leicester,  although  Dugdale  enume- 
rates only  four :  his  mother  sent  him  into  France  together  with  his  brother  Almaric, 
and  a  large  sum  of  money,  11,000  marks.  Rot.  Pat.,  49  Hen.  HL,  m.  2,  in  dorso.  See 
the  Appendix,  no.  III. 


75 

Pro  sotularibus  vaccinis  et  caligis  de  rosseto,  ad  opus  Ricardi  de  Monte- 
forti,  xT.d. 

Dati  garcioni  Magistri  Thomae  de  Piidesdona,  xij.d. 

^-  Pro  ij.  garcionibus  euntibus  Kenilleworthe,  Die  Jovis'  post  Festum 
Sancti  Michaehs,  ij.s.  \j.d. 

Pro  expensis  fratris  Petri  Dovoriae  et  Hicqe  Cissoris,  euntium  Londinum, 
in  negotiis  Comitissae,  per  iij.  dies," 

Pro  expensis  Magistri  Nicholai  de  Hecham,  eimtis  ad  Curiam,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Rogero  de  Camera  eunti  Graveshende,  contra  fratrem  P.,  xij.d. 

Dati  nuncio  Episcopi  Wigomiensis,*  vj.d. 

Pro  iiij.  paribus  botarum,  ad  cameram,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Pro  stipendiis  GUberti  Carettarii,  licentiati,  a  Festo  Saxcti  Jacobi 
usque  ad  Festum  Sancti  Michaelis,*  iij.s. 


Membrana  undecima. 

Pro  i.  navata  Buscse  carianda  de  Wicham,  Die  Veneris  ante  Festum 
SANCTiE  MaegaretjE,  v.s.  vj.d. ;  Portagium,  viij.d. ;  pro  iij."  Buscae 
emptae  Dovoriae,  xv.s.  vij.d.  ob. ;  Portagium,  vj.d.  ob. ;  recepta,  per  manum 
Williekni  Cragge  de  Dovoria,  de  praestito,  l,  quart.  Frumenti,' pro  xij.li.  x.s., 
pretii  quart.,  v.s. ;  pro  expensis  iiij.  Carettariorum  quaerentium  Fcenum,  bis, 
apud  Brebornam,  vij.d. ;  pro  liiij.  ulnis  CarentiiuUeE,  pro  mappis  faciendis, 
xiij.s.  vj.d.  Summa,  xiiij.li.  vj.s.  v.d. 

Die  Sabbati  sequente,  scilicet,  in  Festo  Sancti  Jacobi,  pro  Comi- 
tissa.  Domino  Radulpho  Darci,®  uxore  sua,  Carettariis  [de]  Odiham  et  aliis ; 
Panis,  i.  quart,  et  ij.  bus.,'  praecomputatus.    Vinum,  i.  sext.  de  albo  prae- 

'  1st  of  October.  *  Sum  omitted,  in  MS. 

'  Nicholas  de  Ely,  Bishop  of  Worcester,  elected  21st  of  February,  1265. 
<  From  the  25th  of  July  to  the  29th  of  September. 
'  Prumentum  non  sol.,  marginal  note  in  MS. 

'  In  addition  to  the  notices  of  Ralph  d'Arcy,  already  giyen,  at  the  foot  of  p.  64,  the 
reader  may  be  referred  to  the  pedigree  of  the  family,  in  Dugdale's  Baronage,  vol.i.  p.  37-. 
'  Pauper,  interlined  here,  in  MS. 


76 

computato,  et  vj.  sext.  de  rubeo,  de  stauro  Castri;  missum  Nunciis  Francise, 
i.  sext.  de  albo,  et  i.  sext.  de  rubeo  prasdicto.  Cervisia,  xlij.  gal.,  xxj.d. 
Coquina.  Pisces, -vj.s.  iij.d. ;  Pisces  missi  Nunciis,  per  ij.  dies,  iiij.s.  Alleces, 
ij.s.  iij.d.  Ova,  xj.d.  Fabae  et  Pisse,  iiij.d.  ob.  Lac,  i.d.  Portagium,  i.d. 
Sinapium  emptum,  vij.d.  Ollse  terrese,  i.d.  Mareschalda.  Foenum,  de 
Breboma,  pro  xxviij.  Equis.     Avena,  i.  quart,  vij.  bus.,  prsecomputata. 

Summa,  xvj.s.  iiij.d.  ob. 

26th  July.  Dolium  vini,  f  Die  Dominica  sequente,  pro  Comitissa,  Dominis  J.  de 
de  stauro.  \  Haia,'  R.  Haqet,  Magistro  Guillielmo  Ingeniatore,^  Thoma  de 
Sandwjco,^  Thoma  Saleqin,  et  preedictis  omnibus,  et  aliis  ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  et 
dimid.,  prsecomputatus.  Vinum  album,  i.  sext.  dimid.,  praecomputatum ; 
vij.  sext.  de  rubeo,,  de  stauro ;  missum  Nunciis  prsedictis,  i.  sext.  de  albo,  et 
i.  sext.  de  rubeo.  Cervisia,  xx.d.  Coquina.  i.  Bos  et  i.  Porcus,  de  Bre- 
boma, et  ij.  Midtones,  de  eadem.  PuUagium,  v.s.  x.d.  Ova,  xv.d.  ob. 
Lac,  ij.d.  Mareschalda,  Foenum,  de  Breborna,  pro  xxxiiij.  Equis,  quia 
Magister  Guillielmus  habuit  iiij.,  et  Thomas  Clericus  ij.  Avena,  ij.  quart, 
iij.  bus.,  prsecomputata.  Summa,  ix.s.  ob. 

Die  Lun^e  sequente,  pro  Comitissa,  Domino  Radulpho  Darci,  Magistro 
Guillielmo  et  aUis ;  Panis,  i.  quart.,  prsecomputatus ;  Panis  emptus,  xij.d. 

'  John  de  Hay,  or  de  la  Haye,  although  an  active  and  conspicuous  follower  of  the  Earl 
of  Leicester,  made  his  peace  with  the  King  on  very  advE^ntageous  terms  after  the  surrender 
of  Dover  Castle.    See  the  Appendix,  no.  IV. 

"  The  person  who  is  previously  styled  Maohinator. 

^  Evidently  the  individual  to  whom  the  following  document  refers. — "  The  King  unto 
all  &c.",  greeting.  Know  that,  at  the  instance  of  Edward  our  eldest  son,  we  Bavc  remitted 
unto  Thomas  de  Sandwich,  Clerk,  our  anger  and  all  rancour  of  mind  which  we  had  con- 
ceived towards  him,  for  that  he,  in  the  time  of  the  commotion  had  in  our  realm,  adhered 
unto  Simon  de  Montfort,  late  Earl  of  Leicester,  our  enemy,  and  was  his  confidential 
clerk;  and  have  admitted  him  into  our  favour  and  peace  :  Willing  and  granting  that  all  his 
lands  and  tenements,  goods,  rents  and  all  possessions,  by  whomsoever  seized,  after  the 
twenty-sixth  day  of  October  last  past,  unto  the  hands  of  whomsoever  they  shall  have  come, 
be  restored  unto  the  same.  Witness  the  King,  at  Canterbury,  on  the  30th  day  of  Octo- 
ber."   Rot.  Pat.,  50  Hen.  III.,  m.  46. 


77 

Vinum  album,  i.  sext.  et  dimid.  gal.,  prBecomputatum  ;  Vinum  rubeum,  vj. 
sext.,  de  stauro  Castri ;  missum  Nunciis  prsedictis,  i.  sext.  de  albo,  et  i.  sext. 
de  rubeo.  Cervisia,  pro  xxxvj.  gaL,  xxij.d.  ob.  Lavendria,  de  Porecestria 
usque  hue,  x\g.d.  Coquina.  Bos  et  Porous,  praecomputati ;  ij.  Multones, 
de  Breboma.  PuUagium,  preecomputatum.  Ova,  xvj.d.  ob.  Venatio,  pro 
hospitio,  i.  Bestia ;  missa  Nunciis,  i.  Bestia,  et  Dominse  de  Haia,  dimid. 
Bestia.  Lac,  ij.d.  ob.  Piscis,  pro  fratribus,  iiij.d.  q*.  Mareschalcia. 
Foenum,  de  Breboma,  pro  xxix.  Equis.  Avena,  ij.  quart,  et  dimid.  bus., 
praecomputata.  Summa,  tJ-s.  iiij.d.  q*. 

Die  Mabtis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis,  vij.  bus.,  prae- 
computatus.  ij.  Casei,  de  Breboma.  Vinum  album,  i.  sext  dimid.,  et  i. 
sext.,  de  eodem,  missus  Nunciis  ;  praecomputatum  ;  Vinum  rubeum,  vj.  sext. 
dimid.,  de  stauro  Castri.  Cervisia,  pro  xxx.  gal.,  xviij.d.  ob.  q".  Coquina. 
i.  Bos  et  i.  Multo,  de  Breboma;  pro  i.  Multone  empto,  xvj.d.  Pedes  Por- 
cini,  iiij.d.  ob.  Pisces,  pro  fratribus,  v.d.  Gastelli,  i.d.  Pullagium,  prae- 
computatum.     Ova,  ccc,  xvj.d.  ob.     Mareschalcia.     Praecomputatur. 

Simama,  v.s.  i.d.  ob.  q\ 

Die  Mercurii  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis,  Domino  J.  de  Haia 
praesente;  Panis,  vij.  bus.,  praecomputatus.  Vinum  album,  i.  sext.  dimid., 
de  praecomputato,  et  i.  sext.  missus  Nunciis;  Vinum  rubeum,  vj.  sext.  i.  gal. 
Cervisia,  pro  xxx.  gal.,  xviij.d.  ob.  q".  Coquina.  Pisces',  pro  hospitio, 
vij.s.  ix.d.  ob.  Pisces  missi  Nunciis,  iij.s.  i.d.  ob.  Alleces,  xij.d.  Ova, 
xviij.d.  Fabae,  iij.d.  Lac,  i.d.  Portagium,  iij.ob.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum, 
pro  xxix.  Equis,  de  Breboma.     Avena,  i.  quart,  vij.  bus.,  praecomputata, 

Summa,  xv.s.  v.d.  q* 

Die  Jovis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  aliis  praedictis  commorantibus, 
praesentibus  Burgensibus  Wincheleseiae ;  Panis,  i.  quart.,  praecomputatus. 
Vinum  album,  i.  sext.  iij.  gal.,  et  i.  sext.  missus  Nunciis  ;  praecomputatum  ; 
Vinum  rubeum,  vij.  sext.,  de  stauro  Castri.  Cer^-isia,  pro  xxxij.  gal.,  xx.d. 
Portagium  Cervisiae,  i.d.  Coquina.  Bos  [et]  i.  Porcus,  de  Breboma ;  pro 
i.  Multone  empto,  xiiij.d.     Pullagium,  praecomputatum.     Ova,  vj.d.     Pul- 


78 

lagium  missum  Nunciis,  xij.  Capones,  de  exennio.     Mareschalcia.     Foenum, 
pro  xxviij.  Equis,  de  Breborna.     Avena,  i.  quart,  vij.  bus.,  prsecomputata. 

•  Summa,  iij.s.  v.d. 

Die  Veneris  sequente,  pro  Comitissa,  Dominis  J.  de  Haia,  Radulpho 
Darci  et  aliis;  Panis,  vij.  bus.,  prsecomputatus.  Vinum  album,  i.  sext. 
dimid.,  prBecomputatum ;  Vinum  rubeum,  v.  sext.  dimid.,  de  stauro  Castri. 
Cervisia,  xviij.d.  ob.  q".  Portagium,  i.d.  Coquina.  Pisces,  de  Heithe,  v.s. 
Pisces,  DoToriBB,  x.d.  ob.  Alleces,  vij.d.  Pisae  et  Fabae,  iiij.d.  ob. 
Gruellus,  iij.d.  Portagium,  ob.  Mareschalcia.  Pro  xxvj.  Equis,  Foenum 
de  Breborna.     Avena,  i.  quart,  vij.  bus.,  preecomputata. 

Summa,  viij.s.  ix.d.  q*. 

Die  Sabbati  sequente,  pro  Comitissa,  Dominis  Matheo  de  Hastinges,' 
Radulpho  [Darci  ?]  Domino  Petro  de  Bortona  et  aliis ;  Panis,  i.  quart.,  prse- 
computatus.  Panis  emptus,  xij.d.,  pro  Comitissa.  Vinum,  i.  sext.  dimid., 
de  albo  prsecomputato ;  Vinum  rubeum,  vj.  sext.,  de  stauro  Castri.  Cervisia, 
pro  xxxij.  gal.,  xx.d.  Coquina.  Pisces,  de  Heithe,  iij.s.  ix.d.  Barz  et 
Muletti,  de  Dovoria,  ij.s.  ij.d.  Crevicise,  iiij.d.  ob.  Ova,  xvj.d.  ob.  Alleces, 
vij.d.  Pisse  et  Fabse,  iij.d.  ob.  Lac,  i.d.  Portagium,  ob.  Mareschalcia. 
Foenum,  pro  xxviij.  Equis,  de  Breborna.  Avena,  ij.  quart.,  de  prsecompu- 
tata.     Pira,  ix.d.  q\  Summa,  xij.s.  i.d.  q*. 

2nd  August.  DiE  DoMiNiCA  sequente,  pro  Comitissa,  Dominis  R.  Darci,  P.  de  Bur- 
tona,  cum  uxoribus  suis,  J.  de  Dovoria  et  aliis;  Panis,  i.  quart,  ij.  bus., 
prsecomputatus.  Vinum  album,  i.  sext.  iij.  gal.,  prsecomputatum ;  Vinum 
rubeum,  vj.  sext.,  de  stauro  Castri.  Cervisia,  pro  xxxvj.  gal.,  de  quibus 
missce  in  succidio,  iij.  gal.,  xxij.d.  ob.  Coquina.  i.  Bos,  prsecomputatus ; 
iiij.  Multones  et  i.  Porcus,  de  Breborna.     Pidlagium,  vj.s.  vj.d.     Ova,  xvj.d. 

'  Matthew  de  Hastinges  appears  to  have  surrendered  Dover  Castle  to  Prince  Edward. 
He  received  a  pardon  in  1266,  because  he  having  been  in  the  garrison  of  the  Castle  in  the 
time  of  the  late  commotion,  quitted  it  with  all  his  family,  at  the  command  of  the  Prince 
and  afterwards  constantly  adhered  to  the  King  and  his  son.  Rot.  Pat.,  50  Hen.  III.,  m.  41. 


79 

ob.  Lac,  ij.d.  i.  Bestia  Venationis.  Aqua,  per  septimanam,  Tij.d.  Mor 
resehalcia.  Foenum,  de  Breboma,  pro  xxv.  Equis.  Avena,  i.  quart.  TJ.  bus., 
praecomputata.     Forgia,  v,d.  Summa,  x.s.  xj.d. 

Pro  i.  navata  Buscae  carianda  de  Wicham,  v.s.  yj.d. ;  pro  expensis  iiij. 
carettariorum  quaerentium  Foenum,  Brebomse,  iij.d.  ob.;  pro  Foenoempto  in 
grosso,  apud  Scholdone,  per  Ricardiun  Gobion,  xl.s.  i.d. ;  pro  Busca  pros- 
tranda,  apud  Wicham,  per  eundem,  xx.d.  ob. 

Doliumj  Die  Lun^  sequente,  pro  Comitissa,  Domino  J.  de  Haia,  Ma- 
vini.  [gistro  N.  de  Hecham  etfamilia;  Panis,  i.  quart.,  praecomputatus. 
Vinum  album,  i.  sext.  dimid. ;  Vinum  rubeum,  v.  sext.,  dimid.,  de  stauro 
Castri ;  missum  Guillielmo  Amaldi,  dimid.  sext.,  de  albo,  et  dimid.  sext.  de 
rubeo.  Cervisia,  pro  xxxiiij.  gal.,  xxj.d.  q°.  Coquina.  Bos  et  Porcus, 
praecomputati ;  ij.  Multones,  de  Breboma.  Ova,  xj.d.  i.  Bestia  Venationis. 
Pisae  et  Lac,  iij-d.  Creviciae,  ij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum,  pro  xxxj. 
Equis.     Avena,  ij.  quart,  i.  bus.  dimid.,  praecomputata. 

Summa,  iij.s.  i.d.  q*- 

DiE  Mabtis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis,  vij.  bus.,  prae- 
computatus. Vinum  album,  i.  sext.  ;  Vinum  rubeum,  v.  sext.  dimid.,  de 
stauro  Castri.  Cervisia,  pro  xxxvij.  gal.,  de  quibus  succidii  ij.  gaL,  xxiij.d. 
Coquina.  i.  Bos,  praecomputatus ;  ij.  Multones,  de  Breboma.  Cames 
Porcinae  emptae,  xiiij.d.  ob.  Ova,  xvj.d.  ob.  Lac,  ij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Foe- 
num, praecomputatum,  pro  xxxj.  Equis.  Avena,  ij.  quart,  i.  bus.  dimid., 
praecomputata.  Summa,  iiij.s.  viij.d. 

Die  Mercurii  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis;  Panis,  vij.  bus., 
praecomputatus.  Vinum  album,  i.  sext.,  praecomputatum ;  Vinum  rubeum, 
V.  sext.,  de  stauro  Castri.  Cervisia,  pro  xxxij.  gal.,  xx.d.  Portagium, 
iij.ob.  Coquina.  Pisces,  de  Heitha,  iij.s.  viij.d.  ob.  Pisces,  Dovoriae, 
iij.s.  viij.d.  Creviciee,  iij.d.  Alleces,  iij.d.  Ova,  xvj.d.  ob.  Fabae,  ij.d.  ob. 
Lac  et  Portagium,  ij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum,  praecomputatum,  pro 
xxviij.  Equis.     Avena,  i.  quart,  dimid.,  praecomputata. 

Summa,  xj.s.  ij.d.  ob. 


80 

Die  Jovis  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  preedictis ;  Panis,  i.  quart,  iij.  bus.^ 
preecomputatus.  Vinum  album,  i.  sext.  i.  gal. ;  Vinum  rubeum,  v.  sext. 
Cervisia,  pro  xlviij.  gal.,'  rj.s.  vj.d.  Portagium,  iij.  ob.  Coquina.  Games 
Bovinse,  prsecomputatse.  i.  Porcus  et  iij.  Multones,  de  Breborna.  Succi- 
dium  emptum,  x.d,  ob.  Ova,  xj.d.  PuUagium,  preecomputatum.  Lac, 
iij.ob.  Lardum  emptum,  xviij.d.  Gruellus,  xj.d.  Scutellse,  xiiij.d.  Ma- 
reschalcia.     Foenum,  pro  xxviij.  Equis.     Avena,  ij.  quart. 

Summa,  viij.s.  i.d.  ob. 


Membrana  duodecima. 

^DiE  Veneris  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  prsedictis ;  Panis,  vij.  bus. 
Vinum,  iiij.  sext.  dimid.  Cervisia,  xxxviij.  lagen.,  xxiij.d.  ob.  q".  Coquina. 
In  Pisce,  v.s.  ob.  In  Fabis,  iij.d.  ob,  Item,  Pisces,  de  Heithe,  iij.s.  ix.d.  ob. 
Mareschalcia.  Fosnum,  pro  xxxj.  Equis.  Prsebenda,  ij.  quart,  i.  bus.  et 
dimid.     Ferrum,  vij.d.     Ad  reparandum  Foenum  Dominse  Comitissae,  i.d. 

Summa,  xj.s.  ix.d.  q\ 

Die  Sabbati  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  preedictis ;  Panis,  vij.  bus. 
Vinum,  v.  sext.  dimid.  Cervisia,  xxxvj.  lagen.,  xxij.d.  ob.  Coquina.  In 
Pisce,  vij.s.  ij.d.  ob.  In  Caseo,  ad  tartas,  v.d.  ob.  In  iiij''.  Ovorurii,  ij.s. 
Fabse,  iij.d.  Lac  et  Portagium,  ij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Fcerium,  pro  xxxj. 
Equis.     Praebenda,  ij.  quart,  i.  bus.  dimid.  Summa,  xj.s.  xj.d.  ob. 

9th  August.  Die  Dominica  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  prsedictisj  Panis,  vij.  bus. 
Vinum,  v.  sext.  Cervisia,  xxxij.  lagen.,  xx.d.  Coquina.  i.  Bos,  ij.  Multones 
et  i.  Porcus.  In  PoUis,'  xv.s.  Ova,  xviij.d.  Lac,  ij.d.  Mareschalcia. 
Foenum,  pro  xxxj,  Equis.     Praebenda,  ij.  quart,  ij.  bus.  dimid. 

Summa,  xviij.s.  iiij.d. 

1  aaxviij.  car',  interlined  here,  in  MS. 

2  non  sol.,  marginal  note,  in  MS. :  it  would  seem,  from  the  writing,  that  another  clerk 
took  up  the  account  here,  and  continued  it  to  the  end  of  the  roll. 

=  Sic  in  MS. 


81 


Die  Lun^,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis;  Panis,  vij.  bus.  Vinum,  iiij. 
sext.  dimid.  Cervisia,  xxxvj,  lagen.,  xviij.d.  Coquina.  Bos,  praecompu- 
tatus;  ij.  Multones.  Ova,xviij.d.  Lac,iij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Foenum,pro 
xxxj.  Equis.     Prsebenda,  ij.  quart,  ij.  bus.  dimid.        Summa,  iij.s.  iij.d. 


Membrana  tertiodecima. 

Dolium  Gasc\  f  Die  Martis  proximo  sequente,  scilicet,  proxima  ante 
dolium  bastardi.  [Assumptionem  Beat^  Marine,  Gamestura  tota  come- 
dente  in  aula,  Dominis  J.  de  Haia,  J.  La  Warre,  R.  Corbet  et  aliis  militibus 
usque  ad  vj. ;  Panis,  iij.  quart,  dimid.  Vinum,  pro  militibus,  xiij.  sext. ; 
pro  familia,  dimid.  dolii  de  Vino-bastardo.  Cervisia,  Ixxv.  lagen.,  iij.s.  i.d.  ob. 
Coquina,  De  stauro  Castri,  i.  Baconus.  i.  Bos.  dimid.,  de  Brabume;  iiij. 
Multones,  de  Brabume.  In  Ovis,  m.  et  cc,  vij.s.  Mareschalcia.  Pro 
Comitissa,  xxxj.  Equi,  ij.  quart.  Avenae.  Mareschalcia,  pro  Domino  Jo- 
hanne  de  la  Haya, Summa,  x.s.  i.d.  ob. 

Die  Merciirii  proximo  sequente,  pro  praedictis  ;  Panis,  iij.  quart,  i.  bus. 
Vinum,  pro  militibus,  quarta  pars  dolii  Gasconiensis.  Vinum,  pro  familia, 
dimid.  dolii  de  Vino-bastardo.  Coquina.  ij.  Bacones,  de  stauro  Castri. 
i.  Bos  et  ij.  Multones,  de  Braybuma.  Item,  xij.  MulveUi,  de  stauro.  In 
Pisce  empt'o,  xij.s.  Mareschalcia.  Pro  Comitissa,  xxxj.  Equi,  ij.  quart. 
Avenae.  Summa,  xij.s. 

Dolium  {  Die  Jovis  sequente,  pro  praedictis;  Panis,  iij.  quart.  Vinum, 
dulcis.  [pro  militibus,  quarta  pars  unius  dolii  Gasconiensis.  Vinum,  pro 
familia,  dimid.  dolii  de  Vino-bastardo.  Coquina.  ij.  Bacones,  Bos  et  dimid., 
de  stauro  Castri,  et  vj.  humeri.  Item,  i.  Bos  dimid.,  de  Brayburne,  et  iiij. 
Multones.     Mareschalcia.     Pro  Comitissa,  xxxj.  Equi,  ij.  quart.  Avenae. 

Summa, 

Die  Veneris  sequente,  pro  praedictis ;  Panis,  iij.  quart,  i.  bus.     Vinum, 

M 


82 

pro  militibus,  quarta  pars  unius  dolii.  Vinum,  pro  familia,  dimid.  dolii  de 
Bastardo.  Coquina.  In  Allece  empto,  ij.s.  xj.d.,  per  Johannem  Cocum 
Domini  Johannis.^  Mulez,  per  Thomam  Mabile,  xxv.d.  ob.  De  stauro 
Castri,  xij.  Mulvelli,  et  c.  Makerelli.  Mareschalcia.  Pro  Cbmitissa,  xxxj. 
Equi,  ij.  quart.  Avenae.  Summa,  v.s.  ob. 

DoUumGasc' :  f     Die    Sabbati,    scilicet.    Die    Assumptionis    Beat^ 

-i 

dolium  dulcis.  ^  Marine,  pro  prsedictis ;  Panis,  iij.  quart,  i.  bus.  [Vinum,  pro 
militibus,]  quarta  pars  unius  dolii.  Vinum,  pro  familia,  dimid.  dolii  de 
Bastardo.  Coquina.  In  Pisce  empto,  xiiij.d.  Item,  in  iij''".  Mulvelli,  de 
instauro  Castri.  In  Ovis,  xviij.d.  Item,  vj.  peciae  de  Sturgun,  de  stauro. 
In  Discis,  iij.s.  xj.d.  Mareschalcia.  Pro  Comitissa,  xxix.  Equi,  i.  quart, 
vij.  bus.  [Avenas.]  Summa,  vj.s.  vij.d. 

16th  August.  Die  Dominica  sequente,  pro  praedictis;  Panis.  iij.  quart,  i.  bus.  Vinum, 
pro  militibus,  quarta  pars  unius  dolii.  Vinum,  pro  familia,  dimid.  dolii. 
Coquina.  ij.  Bacones,  i.  Bos  dimid.,  vj.  humeri,  de  instauro  Castri ;  ij.  Boves, 
iiij.  Multones,  de  Brayburna.  Item,  i.  Porous,  de  Domino  Johanne  de 
Haya.  Pullagium,  ij.s.  viij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Pro  Comitissa,  xxix.  Equi, 
i.  quart,  vij.  bus.  Avente.  Summa,  .ij.s.  viij.d. 

Dolium  [  Die  LuNiE  sequente,  pro  prfedictis ;  Panis,  iij.  quart,  i.  bus. 
dulcis.  [.Vinum,  pro  militibus,  quarta  pars  unius  dolii  Gasconiensis.  Vi- 
num, pro  familia,  dimid.  dolii  Bastardi.  Coquina.  ij.  Bacones,  i.  Eos,  vj. 
humeri,  de  instauro  Castri ;  i.  Bos  dimid.  iiij.  Multones,  de  Brayburne. 
Mareschalcia.     Pro  Comitissa,  xxix.  Equi,  i.  quart.  Arij.  bus.  Avenae. 

Dolium  vinif  Die  Mabtis  sequente,  pro  praedictis;  Panis,  iij.  quart,  i. 
albi.  [bus.  Vinum,  pro  mUitibus,  quarta  pars  unius  dolii  Gasconiensis. 
Vinum,  pro  familia,  dimid.  dolii  Bastardi.  Coquina.  ij.  Bacones,  i.  Bos, 
[de]  instauro;  ij.  Boves,  iiij.  Multones,  de  Brayburne.  iiij.  Caste^  cum 
Cauda,  de  Venatione.  Lac,  ij.d.  ob.  Ova,  xij.d.  Mareschalcia.  xxix. 
Equi,  i.  quart,  vij.  bus.  Avenae.  Summa,  xiiij.d.  ob. 

'  de  Haia ?  2  Sic  in  MS., for  casta? 


83 

Dolium  r  Die  Mebcurii  sequente,  pro  praedictis;  Panis,  iij.  quart.  L  bus. 
dulcis.  I  Vinum,  pro  militibus,  quarta  pars  unius  dolii  Gasconiensis.  Vinum, 
pro  familia,  dimid.  dolii  Bastardi.  Coquina.  ij.  Bacones,  dimid.  Bos,  iij. 
Multones,  de  iostauro  Castri;  i.  Bos,  L  Multo,  de  Braybume.  In  Pisce 
empto,  TJ.s.  i.d.  Alleces,  iij.s.  iiij.d.  Mareschalcia.  xxvj.  Equi,  i.  quart. 
V.  bus.  dimid.  Avenae.  Summa,  is.s.  v.d. 

Dolium  r  Die  Jovis  sequente,  pro  praedictis;  Panis,  iij.  quart,  i.  bus. 
Gascon'.  [Vinum  pro  militibus,  quarta  pars  dolii  Gasconiensis.  Vinum,  pro 
familia,  dimid,  dolii  Bastardi.  Coquina.  ij.  Bacones,  dimid.  Bos,  de  in- 
stauro  Castri;  ij.  Boves,  iij.  Multones,  de  Braybume.  Otji,  cc,  xij.d. 
In  Aqua  deferenda  de  villa,  per  quindenam,  ad  opus  Comitissae,  xiiij.d. 
Mareschalcia.     Pro  Comitissa,  xx\j.  Equi,  i.  quart,  v.  bus.  dimid.  [Avenee.J 

Summa,  ij.s.  ij.d. 

Dolium  J  Die  Veneris  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis, 
Bastardi.  Lgarcionibus,  ad  liberationem,  iij.  quart,  dimid.  Vinum,  pro  mi- 
litibus, X.  sext.  dimid.  Vinum,  pro  familia,  et  liberationibus,  xxv.  sext.,  de 
Vino-bastardo.  In  una  Cupa  empta,  ^^j.d.  Coquina.  In  Allece  et  Pisce 
emptis,  x.s.  Item,  de  stauro,  dimid.  c.  MakereUorum.  Mareschalcia.  Pro 
xxix.  Equis,  i.  quart,  vij.  bus.  Avenae.  Summa,  x.s.  ■^"ij.d. 

Die  Sabbati  sequente,  pro  praedictis ;  Panis  emptus,  pro  Comitissa, 
viij.d.  Item,  Panis,  iij.  quart,  dimid.  Vinum,  pro  militibus,  xiij.  sext,  dimid. 
Vinum,  pro  familia,  xxv.  sext.  Coquina.  In  Allece  et  Pisce,  vij.s.  vj.d.  In 
Ovis,  XX. d.  Pultes,  v.d.  Lac,  ij.d.  Mareschalcia.  Pro  Comitissa,  xxix. 
Equi,  i.  quart,  vij.  bus.  Avenae.  Summa,  x.s.  v.d. 

Vinumdulce.f     Die  Dominica  sequente,  pro  praedictis;  Panis,  iij.  quart.  23rd  August. 

dolium.  [dimid.  Vinum,  pro  militibus,  xiiij.  sext.  Vinum,  pro  fa- 
milia, xxij.  sext.  Coquina.  ij.  Bacones,  i.  Bos,  vj.  humeri,  de  stauro.  Bos 
dimid.,  de  praeda ;  iij.  Multones.  Panis  emptus,  ad  Coquinam,  x.d.  Mares- 
chalcia.    Pro  Comitissa,  xxix.  Eqiu,  i.  quart,  vij.  bus.  Avenae. 

Summa,  x.d. 


84 

Dolium  \  Die  LuNiE  sequente,  pro  praedictis;  Panis,  iij.  quart,  dimid. 
Gascon'.  L"Vinum,  pro  militibus,  xiiij.  sext.  Vinum,  pro  familia,  xx.  sext. 
Ollae  et  Scyphi  empti,  xxj.d.  q^ ;  pro  locatione,  ix.d.  Coquina.  ij.  Bacones, 
i.  Bos  dimid,,  de  stauro;  iij.  Multones,  de  stauro;  Bos  dimid.  et  iij.  Mul- 
tones,  de  praeda.  In  xmo  Porco  empto,  iij.s.  In  Ovis,  xij.d.  Mareschalcia. 
Ut  prius.  ~         Summa,  vj.s.  vj.d.  q'. 

Die  Martis  sequente,  pro  praedictis ;  Panis,  iij.  quart,  dimid.  Vinum, 
pro  militibus,  xiij.  sext.  Vinum,  pro  familia,  xxiiij.  sext.  Coquina.  ij. 
Bacones,  i.  Bos  dimid.,  de  stauro,  et  iij.  Multones,  vj.  humeri ;  i.  Bos  dimid., 
de  praeda,  et  iij.  Multones.  Ova,  xij.d.  In  Seim  empto,  iij.d.  Mareschal- 
cia.    Ut  supra.  Summa,  xv.d. 

Dolium  r  Die  Mebcurii,  pro  praedictis  et  Carettariis  ducentibus  bla- 
Bastardi.  [dum;  Panis,  iiij.  quart.  Vinum,  pro  militibus,  xiiij.  sext.  Vinum, 
pro  famUia,  xx.  sext.  Coquina.  In  Pisce  empto,  iij.s.  ix.d.  AUeces,  xvj.d. 
Ova,  xij.d.  Item,  i.  Bos,  ij.  Bacones,  ij.  Multones,  de  stauro ;  dimid.  Bovis, 
de  praeda.     Mareschalcia.     Ut  ^upra.  Summa,  vj.s.  i.d. 

Dolium  Gasc' :  f  Die  Jovis  sequente,  pro  praedictis  et  Carfettariis  ducen- 
solutum.  [tibus  bladum;  [Panis,J  iiij.  quart.  Vinum,  pro  militibus, 
xiiij.  sext.  Vinum,  pro  familia,  xxviij.  sext.  Coquina.  ij.  Bacones,  i.  Bos, 
ij.  Multones,  de  stauro.  Caro  recens,  i.  Bos,  iij.  Multones.  In  Ovis,  xij.d. 
Mareschalcia.     In  Ferris,  iiij.d.  Pro  xxLx.  Equis,  i.  quart,  vij.  bus.  Avenae. 

Summa,  xvj.d. 

Dolium  vini  f     Die  Veneris  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis, 
dulcis ;  wore <  iij.  quart.     Panis  emptus,  x.d.    Vinum,  xij.  sext.  dimid.     Vi- 
solutum.     Lnum,  ad  famUiam,  xxiiij.  sext.     Coquina.     In  Pisce,  iiij.s.  x.d. 
In  AUece,  xxviij.d.     Ova,  vj.d.     Pultes,  vj.d.     Mareschalcia.     Ut  prius. 

Summa,  ix.s. 

29th  August.      Die  Sabbati  sequente,  pro  Comitissa  et  praedictis ;  Panis,  iij.  quart.     In 
BuleteUis,  ix.d.  ob.    Vinum,  pro  militibus,  x.  sext.    Vinum,  pro  familia,  XTJ. 


85 


sext.     Coquina.    Kscis,  vij.s.  x.d.    Alleces,  iij.s.  v.d.    Ova,  v*^.,  ij.s.  iij.d.  ob. 
Lac,  i.d,    Mareschakia.    Ut  supra.  Summa,  xiiij.s.  v.d. 


In  dorso  membrancB  tertiodedma. 

Soluti  xxix.  Sagittariis  Domini  J.  La  Warre,  in  castro  Dovoriee,  per  bdij. 
dies,  iij.  panni  et  dimid.  radii,  empti  de  Willielmo  Craggel,  quUibet  pannus 
pro  xxxvj.s.,  vj.li.  vj.s. 

Pro  xxiiij.  ulnis  dimid.  de  Per  so,  pro  robis  Wileqin  garcionis  Ricardi  de 
Monteforti,  Giulloti  Clerici  de  Capella,  Rogeri  et  Petri,  garcionum  de  Ca- 
mera, xlij.s. 

Pro  vj.  ubiis  radii,  ad  robam  Johannis  Barberii,  de  dono  Comitissae, 

ix.s.  vj.d. 

Ista  debentur  W.  Cragel. 


[  Ccetera  desunt.  ] 


86 


ADDITIONAL  NOTES. 


Upon  a  reperusal  of  the  foregoing  sheets  the  following  observations  and  corrections 
appear  to  be  needed  with  respect  to  some  of  the  notes  ;  the  illustrations  of  the  text  having 
been  almost  solely  obtained  froni  manuscript  sources,  it  often  occurred  that  the  infor- 
mation required  and  diligently,  but  unsuccessfully,  sought  for,  has  presented  itself  acci- 
dentally in  the  course  of  an  entirely  different  enquiry. 

Page  10,  note  6. — Almaric  de  Montfort  was  not  the  youngest,  but  \he^  fourth  son  of  the 
Earl  of  Leicester ;  Richard  de  Montfort  was  the  fifth  and  youngest.  See  p.  74,  note  2, 
and  Appendiai,  no.  III.  "  Master  A.  de  Belestede,"  mentioned  in  the  same  entry  with 
Almaric,  was  Keeper  of  the  temporalities  of  the  Archbishopric  of  York,  sede  vacante. 
Rot.  Pat.,  49  Hen.  III.,  m.  25.  He  was  pardoned  and  taken  under  the  King's  protection, 
notwithstanding  that  he  had  been  for  some  time  in  the  service  of  the  King's  rebels,  I6th 
of  August,  1265.     Ibid.,  m.  10. 

Page  18,  note  3. — It  may  be  observed,  in  confirmation  of  the  doubt  expressed  respecting 
the  identity  of  the  Countess  of  Gloucester  named  in  the  text,  that  Matilda,  mother  of  Gil- 
bert de  Clare,  seventh  Earl  of  Gloucester  and  Hertford,  was  yet  living  in  1265.  Rot.  Pat., 
49  Hen.  III.,  m.  22. 

Page  34,  line  13. — The  payment  to  a  messenger  going  to  York,  on  the  business  of  Al- 
maric de  Montfort,  may  be  explained  by  the  fact  that  he  had  been  appointed  Treasurer  of 
the  See  of  York,  7th  of  February,  1265.  Rot.  Pat.,  49  Hen.  III.,  m.  24.  See  Appendiw, 
no.  I. 

Page  46,  note  l.~Ingeram  Baliol  is  mentioned,  among  several  other  adherents  of  the 
Earl  of  Leicester,  in  a  writ  commanding  the  surrender  of  a  Castle,  the  name  of  which  is 
not  inserted  in  the  record.  Rot.  Pat.,  49  Hen,  III.,  m.  12,  in  dorso.  Upon  reviewing  the 
evidence  which  led  to  the  suggestion,  that  he  might  have  been  a  son  of  John  Baliol  "  who 
was  captured  at  the  battle  of  Lewes,"  the  Editor  considers  it  too  slight  to  be  admitted. 

Ibid.,  line  5,  note  3. — The  name  printed  Moncens,  in  the  text,  and  which  is  conjectured 
in  the  note,  to  be  identical  with  Munchensy,  ought,  perhaps,  to  be  read  Monceus,  as  there 
is  an  enrolment  of  a  pardon  granted,  in  1266,  to  "  fValerand  de  Munceaus,"  for  all  trans- 
gressions committed  by  him,  during  "  the  late  commotion  in  the  realm  of  England." 
Rot.  Pat.,  50  Hen.  III.,  m.  11,  in  cedula. 

Page  71,  line  14.— Baterichesdene  appears  to  have  been  the  ancient  name  of  Bethersden, 
near  Ashford,  in  Kent. 


S7 


APPENDIX. 


[  Rot.  Pat.,  49  Hen.  III.,  m.  11.,  in  cedula.  ] 

H.,  Dei  gratia  Rex  Angliee,  etc.,  dilectis  sibi  in  Christo  capitulo  Eboracensi, 
salutem.  Cum  dndum,  nobis  in  plena  et  regia  potestate  nostra  existentibus, 
concesserimus  providere  dilecto  nobis  Edmundo  de  Mortuomari  in  ecclesi- 
astico  beneficio  competenti,  quamcito  facultas  se  offeret,  et  post  bellum 
habitum  inter  nos  et  quosdam  fideles  nostros  ex  parte  una,  et  Simonem  de 
Monteforti,  quondam  Comitem  Leycestriae,  et  fautores  suos  ex  altera,  apud 
Lewes,  extiterimus  in  eustodia  preefati  Simonis  et  aliorum  fantorum  suorum  ; 
per  quod,  tempore  ipsius  eustodise,  contra  voluntatem  nostram  preefatus 
Comes  litteras  sigiUo  nostro,  quo  non  nos  sed  Comes  ipse  pro  suo  utebatur 
arbitrio,  signari  fecit,  continentes  quod  nos  Thesaurariam  Eboracensem,  tunc 
vacantem,  Almarico  de  Monteforti  concessimus  ;  et  vobis  mandavimus  quod 
eidem  Almarico  staUum  in  choro  et  locum  in  capitulo  assignaretis :  ac  nos, 
per  Dei  adjutorium,  vires  nostras  resumpserimus,  per  quod  concessionem 
illam  et  alias  qua  per  litteras  nostras,  nobis  invitis,  factee  fuerant,  dum  in 
eustodia  praedicta  eramus,  volumus  revocari  etannuUari,  immo  nullas  haberi ; 
et  Thesaurariam  ipsam  jam  sponte  praefato  Edmundo  concessimus ;  et 
ideo  vobis  mandamus  quod,  amoto  quolibet  detentore,  eidem  Edmundo 
stallum  in  choro  et  locum  in  capitido,  prout  moris  est,  assignetis.  In  cujus 
rei  testimonium,  has  litteras  nostras  fieri  fecimus  patentes. 

Teste  me  ipso,  apud  Wigomiam,  vij.  die  Augusti,  anno  regni  nostri  xlix"". 


88 


II. 


/  [  Rot.  Pat.,  49  Hen.  III.,  m.  6.  ] 

Rex  Abbati  et  Conventui  de  Tame,  salutem.  Quia  pro  certo  accepimus 
quod  quaedam  summa  pecuniae  S.  de  Monteforti,  quondam  Comitis  Leyces- 
trise,  residet  in  deposito  in  domo  vestra,  vobis  mandamus,  firmiter  injun- 
gentes,  quatinus  pecuniam  illam  ad  nos,  sub  omni  festinatione  qua  fieri 
potent,  venire  faciatis,  liberandam  in  garderobam  nostram.  Et  hoc,  sicut 
vos  indempnes  conservare  volueritis,  nullo  modo  omittatis ;  et  cum  scive- 
rimus  quantum  ibidem  liberaveritis,  vobis  inde  quietantiam  habere  faciemus. 
Teste  Rege,  apud  Wyndesoram,  xxvij.  die  Septembris. 


III. 

[  Rot.  Claus.,  49  Hen.  HI.,  m.  2,  in  dorso.  ] 

Domino  Regi  Franciee,  Rex,  salutem.  Cum  nuper  vos  rogaverimus  quod 
de  ilia  pecunia  quse  fuit  quondam  S.  de  Monteforti  inimici  nostri,  et  quee  in 
manibus  diversorum  preelatorum  et  magnatum  regni  vestri  extitit,  mercato- 
ribus  vestris  in  partem  recompensationis  dampnorum  quae  sustinuerunt  in 
regno  nostro,  tempore  turbationis  habitse  ibidem,  satisfieri  faceretis ;  ac  jam 
pro  certo  inteUexerimus  quod  Alienora  Comitissa  LeycestrifB,  nuper  Alma- 
ricum  de  Monteforti  et  Ricardum  fratrem  ejus,  filios  ejusdem  Comitissce, 
cum  undecim  milibus  marcarum,  ad  partes  destinaverit  transmarinas ; 
Volentes  quod  prsedicta  undecim  milia  marcarum  cedant  prsefatis  mercatoribus 
in  partem  recompensationis  dampnorum  preedictorum ;  Vos  rogamus  qua- 
tinus consilium  apponere  velitis,  ut  iUud  quod  de  eadem  pecunia  facere 
intendimus  in  hac  parte,  mehori  modo  quo  fieri  poterit,  expleatur. 

Teste  Rege,  apud  Westmonasterium,  x.  die  Octobris. 


89 

IV. 

[  Rot.  Claus.,  50  Hen.  III.,  m.  10,  in  dorto.  ] 

Rex  Vicecomiti  Lincolnise,  salutem.  Cum  nuper  apud  Dovoriam  conve- 
nerit  inter  dilectum  £lium  Edwardum  primogenitum  nostrum  et  Alienoram 
Comitissam  Leycestrise,  quod  Johannes  de  La  Haye,  qui  cum  ipsa  Comitissa 
erat  in  munitione  castri  Dovoriae,  seisinam  terrarum  suamm  habere  deberet, 
ita  tamen  quod  in  curia  nostra  nobis  et  aliis  [responderet]  de  omnibus  factis 
suis  usque  ad  diem  conflictus  habiti  apud  Evesham,  et  rude  staret  recto ; 
Nos  conventionem  illam  ratificamus  in  forma  praedicta.  Et  ideo  tibi  prae- 
cipimus  quod  eidem  Johanni  de  terris  suis  seisinam  habere  faciatis,  habendis 
quamdiu  nobis  placuerit. 

Teste  Rege,  apud  AVestmonasterium,  ix.  die  Novembris. 
Per  Eadwardum  filivun  Regis. 

Eodem  modo  mandatum  est  Vicecomitibus  Sussexiae,  Surreiae,  Kantise, 
et  Norhamptonae. 


[  Rot.  Pat.,  50  Hen.  III.,  m.  3,  in  dorso.  ] 

Regi  Franciae,  [Rex,J  salutem.     Xobiles  viros  Petrum  de  Cusanc'       ' 

quos  ad  nos  pro  negotio  Comitissae  et  Simonis  de  Monteforti,  filii 
quondam  Comitis  Leycestriae,  destinare  curastis,  ea  reverentia  qua  decuit 
recepimus  et  honore ;  attendentes  per  ea  quae  iidem  nimtii  vestri  nobis  ex 
parte  vestra  exposuerunt,  vos  commodum  nostrum  necnon  et  paeem  et 
tranquillitatem  regni  nostri  quam  plurimum  aflFectare  :  super  quibus  serenitati 

>  A  blank  is  left  here  in  the  record.  Letters  patent  of  the  same  porport  and  date  as 
the  above,  were  issued  at  the  same  time  in  which  the  King  undertakes  for  himself  and  heirs 
to  acquiesce  in  the  compromise  which  the  King  of  France  shall  make  before  Easter  next 
following ;  and  agrees  to  submit  to  the  ecclesiastical  censure  of  the  Pope  for  the  time 
being,  should  he  or  his  heirs  fail  in  the  performance  of  this  engagement.  Ibid.,  m.  3.  See 
also  Rot.  Pat.,  51-62  Hen.  III. 

N 


90 

vestree  quantas  possumus  grates  referimus  speciales.  Et  quia  de  justitia 
et  bonitate  vestra,  per  quas  fama  communis  vos  in  factis  vestris  plurimum 
recommendat,  et  quas  in  agendis  nostris  hactenus  [inve]nimus  fructuosas, 
specialiter  confidimus,  negotium  nos  Comitissam  et  Simonem  praedictos 
contingens,  quod  nobis  per  praedictos  n\incios  significastis,  ordinationi  ves- 
trse  et  dicto  de  alto  et  basso  totaliter  duximus  committendum.  Promittentes 
nos  bona  fide  ea  facere  et  observare  quae  vestra  excellentia  in  praemissis 
duxerit  ordlnanda.  Quocirca  excellentiam  vestram  aflFectione  qua  possumus 
ampliori  rogamus,  quatinus  diligenter  attentis  et  debite  ponderatis  dampno- 
rum,  transgressionum  et  injuriarum  enormitatibus  nobis  et  nostris  fidelibus, 
et  etiam  toti  regno  nostro,  per  S.  de  Monteforti  quondam  Comitem  Leyces- 
triae  et  praedictum  S.,  filium  ejus,  et  alios  fratres  suos,  ac  matrem  ipsorum, 
tam  ante  dictum  inter  nos  jamdudum  et  fideles  nostros  ex  parte  una,  et 
dominum  S.  Comitem  quondam  Leycestriae  et  suos  complices  ex  parte 
altera,  a  vobis  prolatum,  et  etiam  ante^  idem  dictum  vestrum,  Ulatis,  digne- 
mini  dicere  dictum  vestrum.  Dictum  autem  compromissum  suscipere 
instantia  precum  nostrarum  velitis,  sicut  venerabilis  pater  O.  Sancti  Adriani 
Diaconus  Cardinalis,  Apostolicae  Sedis  legatus,  magnificentiae  vestrae  scribit. 
Teste  Rege,  apud  Kenilleworthe,  xxv.  die  Septembris. 


VI. 

[  Rot.  Glaus.,  10  Edw.  I.,  m.  6,  in  dorso.  ] 

Memorandum,  quod  Almaricus  de  Monteforti  et  Simon  Vicarius  de  Cley- 
broke,  executores  Alianorae  quondam  Comitissae  Leicestriae,  venerunt  in 
Cancellariam  Regis,  et  promisit^  solvere  Bouruncino  mercatori  de  Luka 
sexcentas  libras,  si  contingat  quod  de  bonis  et  cataUis  quae  fuerunt  praedictsB 
Alianorae,  die  quo  obiit,  ad  manus  ipsius  Almarici  nomine  executorio  tantum 
perveniat  unde  dictam  pecuniam  praefato  mercatori  persolvere  possit.     Pro- 

'  Read  post. 

'  The  name  of  the  second  executor  was  interlined  in  the  record  without  altering  the 
terminations. 


91 

misit  etiam  idem  Almaricus,  qnod  si  contdngat  quod  Dominus  Rex  aliquam 
gratiam  facere  voluerit  eidem  Almarico,  tamqnam  executori  testamenti  prae- 
dictae  Alianorse,  pro  eo  quod  ad  ipsam  Alianoram  pertinuisse  didtnr  in 
Anglia,  idem  Almaricus  solvet  praefato  Bouruncino  quadringentas  libras  pro 
dampnis  quse  idem  Bourundnos  sustinuit  occasione  Comitisss  supradictae. 

Per  Cancellarium. 


VII. 


Memorandum,  quod  Almaricus  de  Monteforti  et  Simon  Vicarius  ecclesiae 
Cleydone,'  executores  testamenti  Alianorae  quondam  Comitissae  Leicestrise, 
venerunt  in  Cancellariam  Regis  et  recognoverunt,  quod  si  Rex  faciat  eis 
aliquam  gratiam  de  eo  quod  eadem  Comitissa  percepisse  debuit,  ut  dicitur 
ad  Scaccarium  Regis,  ipsi  solvent  Henrico  le  Waleys,  civi  Londonise, 
quinquaginta  et  sex  libras  quibus  eadem  Comitissa  eidem  tenebatur  die  quo 
obiit.  Per  Cancellarium. 


vni. 

[  Liberate,  13  Edw.  I.,  m.  3.  ] 

Rex  Thesaurario  et  Camerariis  suis,  salutem.  Liberate  de  thesauro  nostro 
Baruncino  Gualteri,  mercatori  nostro  Lukse,  miUe  libras  pro  miUe  libris  in 
quibus  ;Vlianora,  quondam  Comitissa  Leycestrise,  amita  nostra,  quam  dudum 
admisimus  ad  gratiam  et  pacem  nostram,  tenebatur  dicto  Baruncino  de 
mutuo  eidem  Alianorae  et  Simoni  filio  suo,  per  ipsimi  Baruncinum  facto ; 
unde  executores  testamenti  ipsius  Alianorae  attomarunt  ipsum  Baruncinum 
ad  recipiendum  pecuniam  illam,  de  pecunia  eidem  Alianorss  debita,  tam  de 
exitibus  terrarum  et  tenementorum  quae  ipsa  tenuit  in  dotem  in  Anglia,  quam 
de  illis  quadringentis  libris  annuls,  provenientibus  de  dote  sua  in  Hibemia, 

'  Sic\a  MS. 


92 

de  quibus  hseredes  Comitis  Marescalli,  versus  quos  dominus  H.  Rex,  pater 
noster,  plegius  fuit,  et  alii  qui  dotem  suam  in  Anglia  tenuerunt  in  vita  sua, 
eundem  patrem  nostrum  et  nos  acquietare  tenentur.  Proviso  quod  tam  illi 
qui  tenuerunt  dotem  ejusdem  Comitissse  in  Anglia,  in  vita  sua,  occasione 
turbationis  habitae  in  regno,  quam  hseredes  prsedicti  Comitis  inde  onerentur, 
et  nobis  per  eosdem  satisfiat  de  mille  libris  supradictis.  Et  facta  eidem 
Baruncino  solutione  pecuniee  prsedictse,  recipiatis  ab  eo  litteras  prsedictorum 
executorum,  dictam  assignationem,  necnon  et  litteras  ipsius  Baruncini, 
receptionem  ejusdem  pecuniae,  juxta  assignationem  prsedictam,  testificantes. 
Teste  Rege,  apud  Westmonasterium,  primo  die  Julii. 


iLtfjerationes 


FACT/E    PER 


EXECUTORES 

DOMINiE  ALIANORtE   CONSORTIS 

EDWARDI  REGIS  ANGLIC  PRIMI. 


\ 


iHotuIujer  ^rimujce. 


LIBERATIONES  PRO  REGINA  CONSORTE  REGIS, 
FACT^  PER  MANUS  J.  BACUN  ET  R.  DE  KANCIA, 
DE  TERMING  SANCTI  MICHAELIS,  ANNO  REGNI 
REGIS  EDWARDI  DECIMO-NONO  FINIENTE: 


m.  1   Donum.  Videlicet,  ElysabethEeuxoriThomEe  Man  deCantuaria, 

de  dono  executorum  Reginae,  per  manus  Johannis  Aurifabri 
de  Sancto  Eadmundo,  xl.s. 

Imagines.         Item,  Williebno   Sprot,  batour,   et  Johanni   de  Ware, 

batour,  de  Londonia,  pro  metallo  ad  imagines  Reginae,  l.li. 

Operationes.  Item,  Johanni  le  Packere  et  Adee  de  Lymmynge,  pro  nun- 
dinis  de  Sandwyco  faciendis,'  die  Sabbati  in  octavis  Sancti 
Michaelis,  cli. 

Donum.  Item,  Johanni  Aurifabro  de  Sancto  Eadmundo,  pro  ve- 

teribus  operibus  factis  Reginse,  de  dono  executormn,  xx.s. 

Elemostna.       Item,  firatribus  PraBdicatoribus  de  Leycestria  et  Dunstaple, 

de  legato  Reginse,  per  firatrem  Thomam  Wetatewonge,  x.h. 

Expensa.  Item,  cuidam  garcioni  deferenti  litteras  Domini  Regis 
Rogero  de  Walecote  et  Moysi  de  Wautham,  pro  compoto 
executorum  Reginse  reddendo,  xviij.d. 


'  That  is  to  say  for  works  done  at  Sandwich,  preparatory  to  the  fair.    See  the  subse- 
quent payments  for  the  same  object. 


96 

[Expensa,]      Item,  cuidam   alio   garcioni,  versus   Johannem    filium 

Thomee,  pro  eodem,  xij.d. 

Item,  cuidam  alio  garcioni,  versus  Robertum  de  Bures  et 

Ricardum  de  Hoo,  pro  eodem,  xviij.d. 

Legatum.         Item,  Rogero  de  Frycourt,  de  legato  Reginse,  xx.li. 

Item,  Rotherico  de  Yspannia,  pro  eodem,  xx.li. 

Cherringge.     Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de   Crundale,    cimentario,  pro 

operibus  Reginae  faciendis,  die  Lunse  proxima  post  festum 

Sancti  Edwardi  Regis,  x.li. 

Legatum.         Item,  Magistro  Johanni  de  Cadamo,'  per  manus  Hugonis 

de  Homersfelde  vallecti  ejusdem,  de  legato  Reginse,  xx.li. 

Crux.  Item,  Ricardo  de  Stowe,  cimentario,  pro  Cruce  apud  Lin- 

colniam  facienda,  preecepto  Domini,  xx.li. 

Legatum,         Item,  fratribus  Prsedicatoribus  de  Derbi  et  Warrewico, 

per  manus  fratris  Willielmi  de  Hothom,  de  legato  Reginse,    x.li. 
Charring.        Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  ad  opera  de  Char- 

rynge,  et  pro  tumulo  Reginse,  c.s. 

Legatum.         Item,  fratribus  Prsedicatoribus  Oxonise,  per  manus  fratris 

Willielmi  de  Hothom,  de  legato  Reginse,  xx.  marc. 

Expemee.         Item,  pro  xj.s.  de  counturs,  et  i.  hanaperio,  emptis  pro 

compoto  e'xecutorum  Reginse,  ad  domum  Domini  Othonis 

de  Grandisono,  ,  xij.d. 

Item,  pro  perchameno  empto,  v.s.  iij.d. 

Item,  pro  brevibus  portandis  in  diversis  Comitatibus, 

super  Radulphum  de  Hengham  et  alios  Justitiarios,  per 

prseceptum  Domini,  retornandis  a  die  Sancti  Martini  in  xv. 

dies.  x.s. 

Item,  in  tegula,  calce,  et  aliis  pro  reparatione  domorum 

Domini  O.  de  Grandisono,  xxix.s.  iij.d. 

Emend(B.         Item,  WiHielmo  de  Bretton',  Rectori  ecclesise  de  Burgo, 

pro  decimissibi  detentis  in  parco  de  Burco,  Ixx.s. 


'  Caen. 


97 

Imagines.         Item,  Magistro  Willielmo  Torel,  die  Apostololaim  Sy- 

monis  et  Judae,  ad  opera  imaginum  Reginse,  x.  marc. 

Expensa.  Item,  pro  vj.  charreyis  de  plumbo,  emptis  et  missis  apud 
Ledes,'  eodem  die,  per  praeceptum  Domini,  pro  balneis  Do- 
mini Regis,  xvij.li.  ij.s. ;  pretii  char.,  Ivij.s. 

Item,  in  cariagio  et  portagio  ejusdem  usque  navem,  xx.d. 

Item,  in  c.  de  petra  de  Reygate,  empta  et  missa  ibidem, 
per  praeceptum  Domini,  die  praedicto,  rj.s. 

Item,  in  cariagio  dicti  plumbi  et  petrae,  per  aquam  usque 
Meydenestan^,  v.s. 

Dona.  Item,  Johanni  Le  Convers,  pro  i.  equo  vendito  Matheo  de 

Columbariis,  ad  opus  Thomse  Fatui,  iij.  marc,  et  di. 

Expense.         Item,  Thomae  de  Lambirhurst,  pro  pavemento  de  babieis 

Regis,  apud  Ledes,  faciendo,  per  praeceptum  Domini,  xx.s. 

Legatum.         Item,  Johanni   de   Selvestrode,  de  legato   Reginee,   die 

Animarum,  anno  xix°°.,  xx.  marc. 

Expenses.  Item,  fratri  Nicholao  de  Aeon,  pro  cariagio  diversarum 
rerum  et  jocalium,  ad  opus  Reginae,  de  Acon^  usque  in 
Angliam,  x.U. 

Cherringe.  Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  die  Lunae  proxima 
post  festum  Omnium  Sanctorum,  pro  operibus  de  Char- 
rynge,  c.s. 

Item,  Thomae  Mutte,  pro  fretto  navis  ducentis  marmor 
de  Corf,^  xlj.s. 

Legatum.         Item,  Magistro  Thomte  Le  Mareschalle,  in  perpacationem 

legati  Reginae,  x.  marc. 

Operationes.  Item,  Roberto  filio  Henrici,  burgensi  de  Norhamtona,  ad 
opera  pavimenti  ibidem,  per  manus  Willielmi  Tedmar,  die 
Martis  proximo  post  festum  Omnium  Sanctorum,  xx.U. 

Item,  Adae  de  Lyramynge,  ad  opera  pro  nundinis  apud 
Sandwycum  facienda,  eodem  die,  c.U. 


'  Leeds  Castle,  in  Kent. 
'  Acre. 


"  Maidstone. 

*  Corfe,  in  Dorsetshire. 


98 

EscpenscB.  Item,  Thomse'Bagarde,  pro  brevi  Domini  Regis  portando 
Comiti  Warannise,^  de  Londonia  usque  Wakefelde,''  pro 
aniversario  Reginse,  luj.s. 

Operationes.    Item,  Magistro  Waltero  Pictori,  pro  pictura  facienda  circa 

cor  Reginee,  apud  fratres  Prsedicatores,  xl.s. 

Cherringe.       Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  die  Sancti  Martini, 

ad  opera  tumuli  Reginae  et  Charrjmge,  c.s. 

Eocpensce.         Item,  Henrico  Le  Galeys,^  pro  tabulis  missis  apud  Ledes, 

ad  opus  Reginse,  xxv.s. 

Item,  in  cariagio,  dcc.xxvi.  lib.  cerae,  de  domo  Magistri 
WiUielmi  Torel,  usque  domum  Domini,  v.d. 

Item,  Roberto  de  Bures,  pro  aniversario  Reginse  faciendo, 
apud  Haverforde,^  xx.li. 

Item,  [pro]  ii".  im'^.  lxvi.  lib.  cerse  emptis  pro  aniver- 
sario Reginse,  Ixv.li.  iij.s.  iiij.d.  ob. ;  pretii  c,  liij.s. 

Item,  pro  portagio  ejusdem  usque  hospitium  Domini,    xviij.d, 
Cherringe.       Item,  Magistro  R.  de  Crundale,  die  Lunae  proxima  ante 

festum  Sancti  Eadmundi  Regis,  pro  operibus  Reginse,  x.li. 

Operationes.     Item,   Rogero    de   Walecote,   pro   aniversario    Reginse 

faciendo,  apud  Haverberg',  xx.li. 

ExpenscB.         Item,  in  cariagio  m.c.  librarum,  usque  ClerkeneweUe,^     xvij.d. 
Item,  Johanni   de    Ponte,   pro    aniversario    Reginse  fa- 
ciendo, apud  Burgum,  xxv.li. 

Item,  Humfrido  de  Waledene,  pro  eodem,  apud  Somer- 
tone,7  xx.li. 

Item,  Roberto  de  Asleby,  pro  eodem,  apud  Lyndhurst,^    xxx.li. 
Item,  Johanni  Bacun,  apud  Ledes,  pro  eodem,  xxv.li. 

Item,  Domino  Johanni  capellano  Domini  Willielmi  de 
Carletone,  apud  Langeleye,'  pro  eodem,  xix.li. 

1  IVaramie,  in  MS.  2  Wakefield. 

3  There  was  an  eminent  citizen  of  London  of  this  name,  who  was  repeatedly  Mayor 
in  the  early  part  of  the  reign  of  Edward  the  First.  ■•  Haverford-west,  S.  W. 

'  The  priory  of  Clerkenwell,  London.  « .Somerton,  in  Somersetshire. 

'  In  the  New  Forest,  Hampshire.  s  King's  Langley,  in  Hertfordshire. 


99 


Imagines.  Item,  Magistro  Willielmo  Torel,  ad  opera  imaginum 
Reginae,  die  Martis  proxima  ante  festum  Sancti  Andreae, 

XX.  marc. 

Expensa.         Item,  xlix.  portitoribus  cereorum  Reginae,  de  Londonia 

usque  Westmonasterium,  viij.s.  ij.d. 

Legatum.         Item,  fratribus  Praedicatoribus  Londoniae,  de  legato  Re- 

^ae,  secundo  die  Septembris,  anno  xx™".,  cc.  marc. 

Dotmm.  Item,  Rogero  Le  Gardiner,  de  Lageleye,*  de  dono  execu- 

torum  Reginae,  pro  servitio  suo,  xx.s. 

PrtBstitum.  Item,  Huberto  Dogy  et  sociis  suis  de  mutuo,  praecepto 
executomm  Reginae,  m''-  marc. ;  unde  respondebtmt  in  com- 
poto  suo,  etc. 

Expensa.         Item,   in  cccc.xlviii.  lib.  cerae,  emptis  per  Hugonem 

Megge;  pretii  c,  liiij.s.,  xj-li-  i^s.  yj.d. 

Item,  pro    d.xlvii.  lib.  cerae,  emptis  per  eundem,  pro 
eodem;  pretii  c,  liij.s.,  xiiij.li.  vij.s. 

Cherringe.       Item,  Henrico  Mauger,  per  manus  Thomae  Wetherwarde, 

pro  fretto  unius  navis  de  petra  de  Caam,"  vj.  marc. 

Expensee.  Item,  Egideo  de  Fisschebume,  pro  diversis  bonis  captis 
in  manerio  de  Wylitone,  per  Adam  Basset  et  Johannem  de 
Horstede,  ad  opus  Reginae,  et  postea  eidem  adjudicatis  per 
auditores  querelanim,  vij.li.  xv.s. 

Donum.  Item,  Gars'  custodi  equicii  Reginae,  ad  opus  xxiij.  gar- 

cionum,  pro  stipendiis  suis,  tempore  quo  steterunt  in  servitio 
Reginae  preedictae,  xj.  marc,  et  di. 

Expensce.  Item,  Domino  Johanni  de  Suleye,  in  partem  satisfactionis 
pro  tertia  parte  manerii  de  Tselhamstede  sibi  contingente, 
die  Sancti  Xicholai,  Londoniae,  c.s. 

Donum.  Item,  Rogero  de  Bray,  custodi  equicii  Reginae,  pro  ser- 

vitio suo,  de  dono  executorum,  eodem  die,  xl.s. 

Expenses.         Item,  Galfrido  Le  Chapman,  pro  petra  de  tumulo  Reginae 

portanda  in  ecclesiam  Westmonasterii,  x.s. 


Langley ! 


Caen,  in  Normandy. 


m.  2. 


100 

Charringe.  Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  cimentario,  ad  opera 
de  Charrynge,  die  Sabbati  proxima  post  festum  Sancti 
Nicholai,  vij.li. 

Crux.  Item,  Joharmi  de  BeUo,  pro  se  [et]  sociis  suisj  pro  Cruce 

Norhamtonae  facienda,  xx.Ii. 

Expemce.  Item,  Willielmo  de  Hoo,  cimentario,  pro  quadam  cresta 
super  cor  RegineB  facienda,  apud  fratres  Prsedicatores  Lon- 
doniae,  ij.  marc,  et  di. 

Bona.  Item,  fratribus  de  Monte  Carmeli,  de  Annewyke,'  per 

manus  Comitis  Lyncobiiae,  de  dono  executorum,  l.s. 

Item,  Benedicto  de  Blakeham,  de  dono  executorum,  per 
manus  Alexandri  de  Bokyngham,  quia  se  maritavit  de  vo- 
luntate  Reginse,  c.s. 

Item,  Willielmo  Le  Raven,  Radulpho  de  Huthe  et  Willielmo 
de  Ware,  pro  servitio  eorundem,  de  dono  executorum,  per 
manus  prsedicti  W.  Raven,  xx.s. 

Item,  Johanni  de  Wodestoke,  ad  opus  Sibillae  matris 
suae,  de  done  executorum,  pro  anima  Reginse,  xl,s. 

Imagines.         Item,  Willielmo  Sprot  et  Johanni  de  Ware,  pro  metaUo, 

ad  imagines  Reginse  empto,  1.  marc. 

Expensce.  Item,  Magistro  Willielmo  de  Dunolmia,  pro  depictura 
circa  cor  Reginse,  apud  fratres  Prsedicatores  Londoniae,  die 
Sanctse  Luciee  Virginis,  xl.s. 

Operaiiones.     Item,  Johanni  Peni,  eodem  die,  ad  opera  nundinarum  de 

Sandwyco,  j_jj_ 

Auditores.  Item,  Magistro  Radulpho  de  Yvingho,  auditori  querela- 
rum  baUivorum  Reginae,  de  dono  executorum,  pro  expensis 
^Vis.  X.  marc. 

Item,  Rogero  Bourt,  socio  suo,  pro  eodem,  eodem  die,  x.  marc. 
Item,  Magistro  H.  Husee,  socio  suo,  pro  eodem,  x.  marc. 
Item,  fratribus  Praedicatoribus,  sociis  suis,  pro  eodem, 

V.  marc. 

'  Or  Auneujyhe.—Almnck,  in  Northumberland. 


101 

Item,  firatribus  Minoribus  de  societate  praedicta,  pro 
eodem,  v.  marc. 

Expensce.  Item,  Magistro  WiUielmo  Le  Chaundeler,  pro  cc.xlv. 
lib.  cerae,  emptis  ad  aniversariuin  Re^nae,  vj  Ji.  viij.s.  TJ.d. ; 
pretii  c,  liij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  eidem  Magistro  W.,  pro  meeremio  ad  pegones  cere- 
orum,  carpenteriis  et  portitoribus  cereorum,  ..arkon'  et  filo, 
ad  cereos  ligandos,  Iviij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  pro  factura  istius  ceree,  circa  aniversarium  Reginae, 
pro  eodem,  c.xij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  Magistro'  Roberto  de  Colebroke,  pro  meremio  ad 
hercias  Dominse  Reginae,  apud  Westmonasterium,  et  apud 
fratres  Prsedicatores,  et  pro  aliis  necessariis  circa  dictas 
hercias,  die  aniversarii  Reginae,  Ixxv.s.  ij.i!. 

Item,  Adinetto  Cissori,  pro  diversis  operibus  factis  post 
mortem  Reginae,  videlicet,  casulis,  albis,  paruris,  et  aliis 
faciendis,  Tj.li.  xij.s.  ix.d. 

Item,  Domino  Johanni  de  Suly,  in  partem  solutionis  in 
tertia  parte  manerii  de  Yselhamstede,  c.s. 

Charringe.       Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  pro  operibus  de 

Cherringe,  x.li. 

Donum.  Item,  Johanni  quondam  sometario  de  cofiris  Reginae,  de 

dono  executorum,  pro  servitio  suo,  i.  marc. 

{Legatum.        Item,  Domino  Henrico  de  Appelby,  in  partem  solutionis 
legati  Reginae,  per  manus  Johannis  fratris  sui,  x.  marc.]' 
Quia  alibi,  in  testamento. 
ExpenscE.         Item,  Henrico  de  Thisteldene,  custodi  W.  filii  Symonis 
de  Monte  Acuto,  in  partem  solutionis,  pro  vadiis  eorundem, 
de  tempore  quo  steterunt  cum  Regina,  xlvj.s.  viij.d. 

[Item,  firatribus  Praedicatoribus  Londoniae,  in  partem  so- 
lutionis legati  Reginae,  die  Sabbati  in  vigilia  Epiphaniae 
Domini,  cc.  marc.]^  Quia  alibi,  in  legatis. 

'  Cancelled  in  MS.  "  Cancelled  in  MS 


102 


ExpensdB.  Item,  Waltero  de  Dunolmia,  pictori,  pro  pictura  circa  cor 
Reginse,  apud  fratres  Preedicatores  Londonise,  die  Epi- 
phaniee,  ^-s- 

Donum.  Item,  fratribus  Minoribus  de  Albeville,'  de  dono  execu- 

torum,  per  manus  fratris^  Walter!  de  Sancto  Walerico,  pro 
anima  Reginse,  in  crastino  Epiphanise  Domini,  xl.s. 

Legatum,         Item,  Magistro  Leopardo,  de  legato  Reginee,  die  Martis 

proxima  post  festum  Epiphaniae,  xx.  marc. 

ExpenstB.  Item,  Aliciee  La  Bretoun,  pro  duobus  cyphis  ab  ea  emptis, 
et  datis  Domino  Johanni  de  Greley,  et  cuidam  Phisico' 
Regis  Arogonise,^  per  Reginam,  xxv.  marc. 

Item,  Arnaldo  Le  Vineroun,  de  Ledes,  pro  vadiis  suis  et 
expensis,  circa  vineam  de  Ledes,  die  Mercurii  proxima  ante 
festum  Sancti  HiUarii,  xx.s. 

Elemosina.  Item,  fratribus  Prsedicatoribus  Staunforde,'  pro  super- 
plusagio  expensarum  de  potura  eorundem,  per  manus 
Alexandri  de  Heccliam,  pro  Regina,  xxxiiij.s.  ij.d. 

Crux.  Item,  Ricardo  de  Stowe,  in  partem  solutionis  pro  factura 

Crucis  Lincobiise,  pro  Regina,  xx.li. 

ExpemcB.  Item,  Adee  de  Lamhurst,  in  partem  solutionis  pavimenti 
balnei,  et  aliarum  rerum,  apud  Ledes,  die  Veneris  proxima 
ante  festum  Sancti  HiUarii,  xl.s. 

Item,  Thomse  Le  Porter,  de  Ledes,  pro  vadiis  suis,  de 
anno  xix"°.,  xl.s. 

Item,  eidem  Thomse,  pro  diversis  operibus  faciendis  in 
castro  de  Ledes,  die  supradicto,  iiij.li. 

Imago.  Item,  Magistro  Willielmo  Torel,  aurifabro,  pro  factura 

imaginis  Reginse,  eodem  die,  xx.  marc. 

Crux.  Item,  Michaeli  de  Cantuaria,  cimentario,  in  partem  solu- 

tionis de  Cruce  de  Chepe^  facienda,  l.li. 

Summa  totalis  hujus  termini,  m.dcccc.iiii.".  xviii.^.  v.'^  ob. 


'  Abbeville,  in  Picardy.  "  fratribus,  in  MS.  3  Phisco,  in  MS. 

*  Arragon.  "  Stamford,  in  Lincolnshire.  "  The  Cross  in  Westchcap,  London. 


103 

Fratri  WiUielmo  de  Hothom,  Priori  provinciali  fratrum 
Praedicatorum  Angliae,  per  manus  Roberti  de  Middletone, 
pro  XX.  domibus  subscriptis,  videlicet,  Cantebrigiae,'  Done- 
wyz,'  Lancastriae,  Carlel/  Bamburghe,''  Jarum,*  Scharthe- 
bvirgi,'  Trueru/  Exoniae,^  Ivelcestrise,'  Breconiffi,  Bristolliae, 
Glovemiae,"'  Salopise,  Novi  Castri  subtus  Limam,  Cestrise, 
Rothelan,"  Bangor,  Haverforde  et  Kerdiviae.'^  Et  per  manus 
Domini  J.  de  Berewyke,  pro  domibus  ejusdem  ordinis  sub- 
scriptis, videlicet,  Norwyci,"  Lenne,"  Gememue,"  Gippe- 
wythe,'^  Sbbyrs,'^  Chelmersforde,'*  Norhamtonae,  Staun- 
forde,"  Lincobiiae,  Novi  Castri  super  Tinam,  Eborum,^" 
Pontefracti^'  et  Arundelliae,  c.lxv.li. ;  videlicet  pro  qualibet 
domo,  c.s.  Summa  patet. 


LiBEBATION'ES       PRO       ReGIXA      CoXSORTE       ReGIS,      POST 
MORTEM     EJUSDEM,    DE     TERMING     SaNCTI     HiLLARII,     ANXO 

xx"". 

Expensm.         Liberati  Ricardo  du  Marche,  Luminatori,  pro  uno  phasl- 

terio^''  luminando,  et  una  pari  tabularum,  ad  opus  Reginae,    xl.s. 

Item,  Annae,  quae  fuit  uxor  Roberti  de  CaumvUe,  de 
arreragiis  feodi  sui,  post  mortem  Reginae,  de  terminis^ 
Paschae  et  Sancti  Michaelis,  anno  xx"".,  xx.li. 

Item,  fratri  Roberto  de  Novo  Mercato,  pro  celura,  pavi- 
mento,  calce,  et  aliis  necessariis,  ad  capeUam  fratrum  Prae- 
dicatorum, ubi  Regina'"  jacet,  iiij.li.  xvij.s.  ix.d. 


'  Cambridge.  -  Dunwich.         ••  Carlisle.  *  Bamborough,  in  Northumberland. 

'  Jarrow,  Co.  Durham,  or  Yarm,  Co.  York.     "Scarborough.        'Truro.        'Exeter. 
'  Ilchester.  '»  Gloucester.  "  Rudland,  in  Flintshire.  ^  Caerdiff,  N.  W. 

'^  Norvvich.  "  Lynue,  in  Norfolk.  "  Y'armouth.  '*  Ipswich. 

'•  Salisbury  ?  "  Chelmsford.  "  Stamford.  =»  York.  "  Pomfret. 

■''-  phsaherin?  ^  termino,  in  .MS.  '^  Reghie,  in  MS. 


104 


Donum.  Item,  Michaeli,   quondam   de   curru   Reginse,  de,  dono 

executorum,  prseter   legatum    Reginse,   pro   anima  ipsius 

Reginee,  x.  marc. 

Legatum.  Item,  Alesise  Abbatissse  de  Marham,  de  legato  Reginse,  c.li. 
EmendcB.  Item,  Itero  de  Castro  Novo,  pro  quadam  demanda  cc.xxij. 

marc.  xj.s.  i.d.,  in  quibus  Regina  ei  tenebatur  per  litteram 

obligatoriam  remanentem  penes  R.  de  Kancia,  xx.li. 

Dona.  Item,  Elicise'  uxori  Thomse  Man,  de  Cantuaria,  de  ordi- 

natione  Domini  Regis,  pro  operibus  suis,  xx.s. 

Item,  Alfonso  de  Molina  et  Gundisalvio  de  Yspannia,  de 

prsestito  executorum,  unde  littera  obligatoria  remanet  penes 

R.  de  Kancia,  xx.li. 

Item,   Johannse   uxori   Willielmi    Loundreys,    quondam 

coci^  Reginse,  de  dono  executorum,  pro  anima  Reginse,  xx.s. 
Operationes.    Item,  Johanni  Pany,  de  Sandwyco,  ad  opera  nundinarum 

de  Sandwyco,  die  conversionis  Sancti  Paub,  l,li. 

Cherringe.        Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  ad  opera  de  Cher- 

rynge,  x.li. 

Donum.  Item,  Hugoni  de  Hibernia,  scriptori,  pro  serritio  suo, 

dum  stetit  in  obsequio  Reginse,  de  dono  executorum,  x.  marc. 
Crux.  Item,   Dymenge  de  Reyns^  et  Rogero  de  Crundale,  in 

partem  solutionis  pro  factura  Crucis  de  Wautham,''  x.li. 

Cherringe.        Item,  Willielijio  Canon,  de  Corf,  pro  marmore  ad  Crucem 

de  Cherrynge,  "^j-li-  xix.s. 

Expensa.         Item,  Henrico  filio  Roberti,  de  Norhamptona,  per  manus 

Roberti  de  Middeltone,  pro  pavimento  ibidem  faciendo,  xl.  marc. 
Dona.  Item,  Itero  de  Castro  Novo,  de  dono  executorum,  pro 

expensis  suis  versus  patriam  suam,^  xl.s. 

Item,  cuidam  Maddok'  de  Wallia,  filio  Griffini,  de  dono 

executorum,  versus  patriam  suam,  xx.s. 

Item,  Alianorse  filise  Albredse  de  Caumpedene,  de  dono 

executorum,  pro  anima  Reginse,  c.s. 

1  She  is  called  Elizabeth  in  the  first  entry  on  this  roll.     See  p.  95.  ^  coco,  in  MS. 

'  Reims?  ^  Walthain;  °  et  pro  negotiis  Reginee,  struck  out, 


105 

Emendce.  Item,  fratri  Lupo  procuratori  Hospitalis  Runcivallis,'  pro 
dampnis  fratrum  dicti  Hospitalis,  adjudicatis  coram  audito- 
ribus  querelarum,  pro  domibus  suis  Suthamtonse,        xiiij-li.  ij.s. 

Item,  Adce  de  Norhamtona,  pro  omnimodis  demandis  at 
exactionibus,  quas  habuit  erga  Reginam,  remittendis,  c.s. 

Donum.  Item,  Theobaldo  coco  Dominae  Alianorae'  filiae  Regis,  de 

dono  executorum,  pro  servitio  suo  dum  stetit  cum  Regraa,      l.s. 
EmendcB.         Item,  Domino  Roberto  de  Crevequer,  pro  quadam  remis- 
sione  de  omnimodis  demandis  quas  habuit  erga  Reginam, 

XXV.  marc. 
Operationes.    Item,  Adae  de  Lambirhurst,  in  partem  solutionis  pavi- 

menti  balnei  et  aliorum,  apud  Ledes,  xx.s. 

Emendce.         Item,  Thomse  de  Barshale  et  Milicentiae  uxori  ejus,  pro 

dampnis  sibi  adjudicatis,  coram  auditoribus,  etc.,  xx.li. 

Operationes.    Item,  Stephano  de  Castro  Martini,  in  partem  solutionis 

operationum  de  Haverforde,  xl.s. 

EmendcB.  Item,  Johanni  de  Hardingtone,  pro  quieta-clamatione 
de  manerio  de  Wychefelde,  et  omnimodis  exactionibus, 
facienda,  xl.li. 

Item,  Willielmo  de  MjTistede,  pro  dampnis  sibi  adjudi- 
catis, coram  auditoribus,  etc.,  x.li. 
Item,  Waltero  de  Chytecroft,  pro  eodem,  x.li. 
Item,  Rogero  filio  Roberti  de  CaumvUe,  pro  eodem,  x.  marc. 
Item,  Johanni  de  Faveresham,  pro  eodem,  v.  marc. 
Item,  tenentibus  Abbatis  de  Bello  Loco,^  per  manus  Jo- 
hannis  de  Coppegrave,  pro  dampnis  sibi  adjudicatis,  coram 

R.  de  I-v-yngho,  pro in  *  xx.s. 

Item,  fratri  Willielmo  de  Stauntone,  celerario  de  Bello 
Loco  Regis,  pro  dampnis  suis  de  viUa  de  Ekeresbyr'  sibi 
adjudicatis,  Ixj.s.  x.d. 

'  The  Hospital  of  St.  Mary  Ronceval  at  Charing  Cross. 

'  Eleanor,  second  daughter  of  Edward  the  First  by  Eleanor  of  Castile.    She  married 
Henry  Earl  of  Bar  in  1293.  •  Beaulieu,  in  Hampshire. 

*  Left  blank  in  the  MS. 


106 


[EmendcE.]       Item,   Roberto  Ayllarde,  pro   omnimodis   exactionibus, 

quas  habuit  erga  prsedictam  Reginam,  remittendis,  vj.s. 

Item,  Theobaldo  de  Behus  et  Sibillae  uxori  ejus,  pro 
eodem,  viij.  marc. 

Expenses.         Item,    pro   factura   xxvj.    albarum   datarum   in    diversis 

Epi[scopatibus],  per  manus  Cissoris  Reginse,  xxx.s. 

Cherringe.  Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  pro  operibus  de 
La  Charrynge,  die  Sabbati  proxima  post  festum  Sancti  Petri 
in  Cathedra,  x.li. 

EmendtB.  Item,  Johanni  Morel,  pro  dampnis  sibi  adjudicatis,  coram 

R.  de  Ivyngho,  pro  ejectione  pastures  ad  unam  vaccam  in 
parco  de  Bokyngfelde,  viij.s. 

m.  3.  Bona.  Item,  Alianorae  de  KnoHe,  de  dono  executorum  Reginse,     c.s. 

Item,  fratri  WiUielmo  de  Hothum,  die  Dominica  proxima 
post  festum  Sancti  Petri  in  Cathedra,  de  dono  executorum, 
versus  Curiam  Romanam,  x.  marc. 

Operationes.  Item,  Roberto  de  Norhamtona  et  sociis  suis,  carpentariis, 
pro  stipendiis  suis  operationum  de  Haverforde,  in  partem 
solutionis  xlvij.U.  v.s.  ij.d.,  xxiij.li.  xv.s. 

Emends.  Item,  Ricardo  But,  de  Hardele,  pro  se  et  sociis  suis  de 

villa  de  Hardeley,  pro  superoneratione  cujusdam  redditus,    x.li. 

Item,  Thomee  le  BotUler,  pro  se  et  sociis  suis,  de  Depe- 
denne,  pro  eodem,  Ix.s. 

Item,  Ricardo  de  Burleghe,  pro  eodem,  xx.li. 

Cmx.  Item,  Johanni  de  BeUo,  in  partem  solutionis  pro  Crucibus 

de  Norhamtona  et  Sancto  Albano,  xl.  marc. 

Bormm.  Item,  Thomse  de  Cammville,  in  partem  solutionis  dena- 

riorum  quos^  executores  Reginse  de  gratia  sua,  pro  anima 
dictee  Reginae,  facere'  voluerint,  pro  maritagiis  sororum 
suarum,  x.  marc. 

Bonum.  Item,  fratri  Roberto  de  Flete,  de  ordine  Minorum,  de 

dono  executorum  Reginee,  xx.s. 


'  Sic,  in  MS. 


107 


Expensee. 

Donum. 

Legatum. 
Emendoe, 


Item,  David  de  Aberconewey',  pro  quadam  camera  fa- 
cienda,  in  forma  qua  Domina  Regina  dum  superstes  fuit 
praecepit,  in  eadem  Abbathia,  c.s. 

Item,  Thomas  de  Bistelesham,  capellano,  ad  sequendum 
cantariam  in  capeUa  de  Elyngtone  versus  Abbatem  Cyreces- 
triee,^  de  dono  executorum,  i.  marc. 

Item,    Waltero    Abbati    de    Valle    Regali,^  in    partem 


solutionis  legati  Reginee, 


iiij^.li. 


Item,  Domino  Alexandro  de  Balliolo  et  IsabeUse  uxori 
ejus,  pro  dampnis  eisdem  adjudicatis,  coram  R.  de  Ivyngho  et 
sociis  suis,  pro  piscaria  capta,  in  manerio  de  Ludham,  ad 
opus  Reginee,  x.  marc. 

Donum.  Item,  Dominae  Aliciae  de  Throxtone,  moniali  de  Clerkene- 

weUe,  de  dono  executorum,  pro  habitu  suo,  xx.s. 

Cherringe.  Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  die  Lunae  proxima 
post  festum  Sancti  Matthiae  Apostoli,  pro  operibus  de  Char- 
rynge,  iiij.li.  vj.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  eidem  Magistro  Ricardo,  vj'".  die  Martii,  pro  petra 
empta  ad  pavimentum  de  Charrynge,  xxxvj.s.  ix.d. 

Expens<B.  Item,  eidem,  die  Mercurii  proxima  ante  festum  Sancti 
Gregorii,  pro  cariagio  de  petra  de  Cam,  de  Londonia  usque 
Wautham,  xl.s. 

Elemosina,       Item,  pauperibus  scolaribus  de  Cantebrigia,  pro  anima 

Reginae,  per  manus  W.  de  Carletone,  1.  marc. 

Item,  fratribus  de  ordine  Sancti  Augustini,  de  dono  exe- 
cutorum, per  manus  ejusdem  W.,  iiij.  marc. 

Item,  fratribus  de  Monte  Carmeli,  pro  eodem,  per  manus 
ejusdem  W.,  iiij.  marc. 

ExpemoB.  Item,  Roberto  de  Colebroke,  pro  quadam  domo  apud 
Charrynge  facienda,  in  qua  opera  de  Cruce  ibidem  fieri 
debent,  Ixxvj.s.  viij.d. 


'  Abcrtonway,  N.  W. 


^  Cirencester? 


'  Vale  Royal,  in  Cheshire. 


lOS 


Cherringe.       Item,  pro  marmore   apud  Sanctum  Paulum  Londoniee 

empto,  et  misso  apud  Cherrynge,  pro  Cruce,  x.li. 

Item,  in  cariagio  ejusdem  marmoris  usque  Cherrynge, 

xvj.s.  iiij.d. 
EmendcB.  Item,  garcioni  Domini  Philippi  Papiot,  in  partem   solu- 

tionis pro  catallis  de  Uptone,  de  tempore  Adee  de  Stratton, 
sibi  detentis,  xx.s. 

Operationes.     Item,  Waltero    Pictori   circa   cor   Reginae    apud   fratres 

Preedicatores  Londonise,  pro  pictura  ibidem,  xl.s. 

Item,  Roberto  filio  Henrici,  de  Norhamtona,  pro  pavi- 
mento  ibidem  faciendo,  xx.  marc. 

Donum.  Item,  Johanni   de   Langele,  de   dono  executorum,   pro 

anima  Reginee,  C.s. 

Cherringe.        Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  pro  operibus  Crucis 

et  pavimenti  apud  Cherrynge,  xj.li.  x.d. 

Expenses.         Item,  Hostiario  de  Recepta'  Domini  Regis,  pro  feodo  suo" 

de  anno  xix"".,  ij.s. 

Emendce.  Item,  Thomae  Wylecocke  et  Ricardo  But,  pro  commu- 
nitate  de  Saule,  pro  dampnis  eisdem  adjudicatis,  coram 
auditoribus  querelarum,  pro  superoneratione  cujusdam 
redditus,  iiij.li.  v.s. 

Item,  Ricardo  But  et  WiUiehno  Noel,  pro  communitate 
de  Cadelonde,  pro  eodem,  xxxiiij.s. 

Item,  Henrico  Motestane  [et]  WiUielmo  de  Horrebure 
pro  eodem,  xix.s.  x.d. 

Imago.  Item,  Magistro  WiUielmo  Torel,  pro  factura  imaginum 

Regis  et  Reginae,  v.  marc. 

Elemosincs.      Item,  pauperibus  scolaribus  de  Oxonia,  de  legato  Reginae, 

per  manus  J.  Bacun  et  R.  de  Middeltone,  c.  marc. 

Item,  fratribus  Sancti  Augustini  de  Oxonia,  per  manus 
eorundem,  de  dono  executorum,  pro  anima  Reginae,  iiij<".  marc. 

Item,  fratribus  de  Monte  Carmely,  de  eadem,  per  manus 
eorundem,  pro  eodem,  iiijor_  marc. 

'  recepto,  in  MS.— The  Receipt  of  the  Exchequer. 


109 


ExpenscE.  Item,  Johanni  Bacun  et  R.  de  Middeltone,  pro  expensis 
eorundem,  et  pro  praedictis  denaiiis  cariandis  ibidem  et 
distribuendis,  xx.s. 

Cherringe.       Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Cmndale,  pro  operibus  de 

Cherrynge,  et  petra  ibidem,  l.s.  ix.d. 

ExpenstB.         Item,  Dominico  Garciae  de  Yspannia,  pro  una  cruce  data 

Reginae,  de  praecepto  domini  J.  de  Berewyke,  xxx.s. 

Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Cmndale,  pro  petra  ad  Crucem 
de  Wautham  carianda  de  Kam,'  xl.s. 

Item,  Henrico  Mauger,  in  partem  solutionis  pro  ■  petra 
de  Kam,  ad  Crucem  de  Wautham, 

Item,  Adae  Bernard,  die  Veneris  proxima  ante  festum 
Palmarum,  pro  pro\ddenciis  faciendis  contra  adventum  nun- 
ciorum  Regis  Franciae,  apud  Ledes, 

Item,  Waltero  Pictori  circa  cor  Reginae,  apud  fratres 
Praedicatores,  xl.s. 

Donum.  Item,  Agneti  de  Kendale,  quae  fiiit  uxor  Magistri  Petri 

Coci,  de  dono  executorum,  x.  marc. 

Ct-ux.  Item,  Rogero  de  Cmndale  et  Dymenge  Legeri,  pro  factura 

Cruris  de  Waltham,  x.li. 

Donum.  Item,  Johanni  de  Ponte,  de  dono  executorum,  pro  ex- 

pensis suis  dum  stetit  pro  Regina  coram  auditoribus  quere- 
larum,  x.  marc. 

Cherringe.       Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Cmndale,  pro  operibus  de 

Charrynge,  in  vigilia  Paschae,  xiij.h.  xv.d. 

Donum.  Item,  Johanni  Le  Weyte  de  Berkynge  Domini 

Regis,  de  dono  executorum  Reginae,  pro  anima  ejusdem,  l.s. 


c.s. 


c.s. 


'  Caen. 


110 


LiBERATIONES  PRO  EADEM,  DE  TERMING  PaSCHjE. 


Expensce. 


Donum. 
Imaga. 
Donum. 
EmendtE. 

Cherringe. 

Emendee. 


Item,  pro  cc.  cerse  emptis  apud  Londoniam  et  missis 
apud  Ledes,  contra  adventum  Ducis  Burgonise'  et  aliorum 
nunciorum  Regis  Franciee,  contra  Pascham,  anno  xx™".,    c.viij.s. 

Item,  Magistro  Willielmo  Le  Chaundeler,  pro  expensis 
suis  cum^  dicta  cera  facienda  contra  adventum  eorundem  de 
Londonia  usque  Ledes,  di.  marc. 

Item,  cuidam  garcioni  cum  litteris  Domini,  ad  nuncian- 
dum  Adae  Bernarde  quod  nuncii  Franciee  non  venirent 
apud  Ledes,  TJ.d. 

Item,  pro  uiio  cypho  empto,  cum  pede,  de  auro,  et  dato 
per  executores  Reginae  cuidam  menestrallo  Regis  Campaniae, 
qui  venit  cum  nunciis  Franciae,  xxxix.s. 

Item,  Magistro  Thomse  Le  Brun,  regenti  Oxoniae,  de 
dono  executorum  Reginae,  pro  anima  ejusdem,  di.  marc. 

Item,  Magistro  W.  Torel,  factori  imaginum'  Regis  et 
Reginae,  in  partem  solutionis,  c.s. 

Item,  cuidam  Willielmo,  de  camera  Domini  Regis,  de 
dono  executorum  Reginae,  pro  anima  ejusdem,  Ix.s. 

Item,  Abbati  de  Clyve,''  per  manus  fratris  Edwardi 
celerarii  domus  ejusdem,  pro  arreragiis  decimas  unius  prati 
in  parco  de  Cameil,  xvj.s. 

Item,  Henrico  Mauger,  in  partem  solutionis  pro  xxxij. 
petris  de  Cam,  pro  imaginibus  Reginae,  ad  Graces  de  Char- 
rynge  et  Wautham,  x.li. 

Item,  Aliciae  quae  fuit  uxor  Henrici  de  Neweburge,  pro 
quadam  quieta-clamatione  facienda  de  omnimodis  exacti- 
onibus  quas  habuit  erga  praedictam  Reginam, 


x.  marc. 


'  Burgundy. 


2  Sic  in  MS. 


imaginorum,  in  MS. 


Ill 


Donum.  Item,  Malinae  de  Wyndesora,  praeter  c.s.  eidem  prius 

datos,  per  executores  Reginae,  ij.  marc,  et  di. 

ExpenscB.         Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  pro  petra  empta 

et  carienda  ad  Crucem  de  Wautham,  iiij.li. 

Cherringe.       Item,  eidem  Magistro  Ricardo,  pro  operibus  de  Char- 

rynge,  die  Dominica  in  Qvdndena  Paschse,  ix.li. 

Operationes.    Item,  Roberto  filio  Henrici,  de  Norhamtona,  pro  pavi- 

mento  ibidem,  pro  anima  Reginae,  faciendo,  xx.li. 

Crux.  Item,  Johanni  de  BeUo  et  Symoni  de  Pabeham,  cimen- 

tariis,   pro   Crucibus    de   Norhamtona  et  Sancto   Albano 
faciendis,  xxx.li. 

Item,  Ricardo  de  Stowe,  cimentario,  pro  Cruce  de  Lin- 
colnia  facienda,  xx.li. 

Expensee.         Item,  Magistro  Waltero  Pictori,  pro  pictura  facienda  circa 

cor  Reginse,  apud  fratres  Praedicatores  Londoniae,  Ix.s. 

Cherringe.        Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  pro  operibus  Crucis 

de  Charrynge,  \Tij.li.  xix.s.  ix.d. 

EmendcB.  Item,  Johanni  de  Ponte,  in  partem  solutionis  denariorum 

in   quibus  eadem   Regina  tenebatur  executoribus  Wsilteri 
de  Kancia,  liiij.U.  \j.s.  viij.d. 

Cnuc.  Item,  Rogero  de  Crundale  et  Dymyngo  de  Legeri,  in 

partem  solutionis,  pro  factura  Crucis  de  Wautham,  xv.li. 

Item,  Magistro  Michaeli  de  Cantuaria,  in  partem  solu- 
tionis, pro  factura  Crucis  de  Chepe,  xxx.li. 

Expenses.  Item,  Hugoni  de  La  Penne,  de  dono  executorum,  pro 
vadiis  suis,  a  tempore  mortis  Reginae  usque  Pascham,  anno 
Regis  Edwardi  xx™".,  c.s. 

Etnendce.  Item,  Roberto  de  Sancto  Claro,  pro  dampnis  sibi  adju- 

dicatis  coram  Magistro  R.  de  Ivyngho,  cx.s. 

Item,  bominibus  de  Gyvilcestria,'  pro  eodem,  xxij.li. 

Item,  Feliciae  quae  fiiit  uxor  Thomae  de  Crevquer,  pro 
eodem,  xxxvj.s. 

'  Ilchester  ? 


112 


Expenses. 
Cherringe. 

EmendcE. 

Imago. 
Cherringe. 


m.  4. 


Bonum.f 

Cherringe. 

Crux. 

Donum. 

EmendcB. 


Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  cimentario,  pro 
petra  empta,  et  carienda  ad  Crucem  de  Wautham,  xl.s. 

Item,  Radxilpho  de  Cycestria,  in  partem  solutionis,  pro 
petra  empta  ad  Crucem  de  Charrynge,  x.li. 

Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  pro  i.  navata  raar- 
moris  empta  ad  eandem  Crucem,  iiij.li.  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  Alesise  quae  fuit  uxor  Roberti  Fulleyt,  pro 
dampnis   sibi  adjudicatis  coram  R.    de  Ivyngho  et  sociis 

vj.li. 


sms. 


Item,  Magistro  Willielmo  Torel,  pro  factura  imaginum 
Regis  [et]  Reginae,  x.  marc. 

Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  pro  operibus 
Crucis  de  La  Charrynge,  vj.li.  xij.s.  ix.d. 

Item,  eidem,  pro  operibus  ibidem  alia  vice,  die  Sabbati 
proxima  ante  festum  Ascensionis  Domini,  c.xii.'  .... 

Item,  eidem,  die  Sabbati  proxima  post  festum  Ascensionis 
Domini,  vij.li 

Item,  eidem,  pro  eodem,  in  vigilia  Pentecostes,       viij.li.  .  .  . 

Item,  Domino  Roberto  de  Crevquer,  de  dono  executorum, 
pro  anima  Reginae,  in  perpacationem  1'".  marc,  xxv.  marc. 

Item,  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  pro  operibus  Crucis  de  La 
Charrynge  et  pro  petra  empta  ad  eandem,  x 

Item,  Rogero  de  Crundale  et  Dymengo  de  Legery,  pro 
factura  Crucis  de  Wautham,  xx.  marc. 

Item,  Johanni  de  Bello,  pro  factura  Crucis  de  Norham- 
tona,  xx.li. 

Item,  Johanna  filise  Domini  Roberti  de  CaumviUe,  de 
dono  executorum,  pro  anima  Reginae,  in  partem  solutionis, 
pro  maritagio  suo,  x.  marc. 

Item,  Isabellas  sorori  ejusdem  Johannae,  pro  eodem,    v.  marc. 

Item,  Johanni  de  Ponte,  uni  executorum  Walteri  de 
Kancia,  in  partem  solutionis  denariorum  et  catallorum  quae 


'  The  roll  is  mutilated  in  this  part. 


113 


fuerunt  dicti  W.,  et  quae  devenerunt  ad  manus  ipsius  Re- 

ginae,  zl.  marc. 

Imago.  Item,  Magistro  Willielmo  Torel,  pro  factura  imaginum 

Regis  et  Reginae.  x.  marc. 

[Item,  Magistro  Roberto,  MareschaUo  Domini  Regis,  de 

dono   executormn    Reginas,   pro    omnimodis    exactionibus 

quas  erga  Reginam  et  ministros  suos  habere  potait  relax- 

andis,  xx.  li.]'  Quia  in  termino  Sancti  Michaelis,  anno  xx°^°. 

finiente,  in  quadam  summa  xl.li. 
Operationes.    Item,  Adee  de  Lyrmnynge,  die  LuhcE  proxima  ante  festum 

Sancti  Botulphi,  pro  operibus  nimdinarum  de  Sandwyco 

faciendis,  1.  marc. 

Crux.  Item,   Roberto   de  Corf,  in   partem    solutionis   pro   iij. 

flecchiis,  iij.  capitibus  et  iij.  agnis,  de  marmore,  ad  Cruces  de 

Lyncohiia,  Norhamtona  et  Wautham,  v.  marc. 

Cherringe.        Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crondale,  pro  operibus  Crucis 

de  La  Charrynge,  in  yigilia  Sancti  Johannis  Baptistae, 

xxj.li.  Tj.s.  ij.d. 
Expens<E.         Item,  Magistro  Waltero  Pictori,^  pro  pictura  circa  cor 

Reginee,  eodem  die,  et  sine  littera,  i.  marc. 

Charringe.       Item,  Radulpho  de  Cycestria,  in  partem  solutionis  pro 

petra  empta  ad  Crucem  de  La  Charrynge,  x-U. 

Donum  per      Item,  Domino  WiUielmo  de  Monte  Canisio,  in  partem 

Regent.      solutionis,  x.li. 

Crux.  Item,  Johanni  de  BeUo,  in  partem  solutionis  pro  factura 

Crucium  de  Norhamtona  et  Sancto  Albano,  xl.  marc. 

Item,  Rogero  de  Crundale  et  Dymynge  de  Legery,  in 

partem  solutionis  pro  factura  Crucis  de  Wautham, 

xj.M.  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 
Cherringe.        Item,    Magistro    Ricardo    de    Crundale,  pro    operibus 

Crucis  de  La  Charrynge,  xij.li.  x.s. 

Donum.  Item,   Johanni   de  Novo   Burgo,    de  dono  executorum 


Cancelled  in  MS. 


2  Pictore,  in  MS. 


114 

Reginse,  pro  exitibus  de  Wynfrede  Neweburghe,'  de  uno 
anno  et  dimidio,  x,li. 

Cruse.  Item,  Magistro  Michaeli  de  Cantuaria,  in  partem  solutionis 

pro  factura  Crucis  de  Chepe,  xx.li. 

Imago.  Item,  Magistro  Willielmo  Torel,  pro  factura  imaginum 

Regis  et  Reginae,  xij.  marc. 

Crux.  Item,  Ricardo  de  Stowe,  cimentario,  in  partem  solutionis 

pro  factura  Crucis  Lyncolniee,  xx.li. 

Imago.  Item,  Magistro  WiUielmo  Torel,  in  partem  solutionis,  pro 

factura  imaginum  Regis  et  Reginae,  iiij.li. 

Item,  Galfrido  Le  Grandmer,  ad  opus  Henrici  Mauger, 
pro  petra,  ad  imagines,  ab  eodem  empta,^  xl.s. 

Expenses.  Item,  Johanni  Here,  pro  expensis  suis  versus  Dominum, 
cum  litteris  mercatorum  filiorum  Betuli,  versus  partes 
boriales,  di.  marc 

Cmx.  Item,  Dymengo  de  Leger,  in  partem  solutionis  pro  fac- 

tura Crucis  de  Wautham,  in  vigilia  Sancti  Bartholomei,  x.li, 

Cherringe.  Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  eodem  die,  in  par- 
tem solutionis  pro  factura  Crucis  de  La  Charrynge, '  xl.li. 

Item,  Roberto  Le  Blund  et  Roberto  dicto  Peny,  in  partem 
solutionis  pro  marmore  ab  eisdem  empto,  per  Magistrum 
Ricardum  de  Crundale,  c.s. 

Crux.  Item,  Willielmo  de  Hibemia,  in  partem  solutionis  xxv. 

marc,  pro  quinque  imaginibus  faciendis  ad  Crucem  de  Nor- 
hamtona,  et  alibi,  v.  marc. 

Cherringe.       Item,  Radulpho  de  Cicestria,  pro  petra  de  marmore,  ad 

Crucem  de  Charringe,  ,  xl.s. 

Elemosina.       Item,  fratribus  de  ordine  Sancti  Augustini  de  Tykehulle, 

de  dono  executorum  Reginae,  xl.s. 

Crux.  Item,  Alexandro  Le  Imagineur  et  Dymengo  de  Leger, 

operariis  Crucis  de  Wautham,  de  dono,  ij.s. 

Dona.  Item,  fratri  Willielmo  de  Hothum,  de  dono,  pro  anima 

»  Winfrith  Newbury,  in  Dorsetshire.  2  empiis,  in  MS. 


115 

[Dona.]        Reginae,   die   Mercurii    proxima    ante  festum    Nativitatis 

Beatae  Mariae,  l.s. 

Item,  Amaldo  Le  Vinerun,de  Ledes,  de  dono  executorum, 
pro  servitio  suo  dum  stetit  in  obsequio  Reginae,  xx.s. 

Item,  Johanni  Le  Here,  pro  expensis  sviis  Londoniae,    xviij.d. 
Cherringe.       Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  pro  operibus  de  La 

Charrynge,  in  yigilia  Nativitatis  Beatae  Mariae,  x,li. 

Crux.  Item,  Dymingo  de  Leger,  pro  factura  Crucis  de  Wautham, 

eodem  die,  v.  marc. 

Cherringe.       Item,  Radulpho  de  Cycestria,  pro  petra  de  marmore  ad 

Crucem  de  La  Charringe,  xl.s. 

Elemosina.       Item,  pro  potura  fratrum  Praedicatorum,  die  Nativitatis 

Beatae  Mariae,  in  provinciali  capitulo,  xiij.li.  xj.s.  vij.d. 

Expemce.         Item,  Jacobo  Hostiario,  pro  brevibus  Reginae  portandis, 

de  terminis  Sancti  Hillarii,  Paschae,  et  Sanctae  Trinitatis,     xx.s. 
Item,  pro  pergameno,  per  idem  tempus,  v.s. 

Item,  in  expensis  J.  Bacun  et  R.  de  Kancia,  per  annum,    xl.li. 
Cherringe,       Item,  Roberto  Le  Blount  et  Roberto  Peny,  quarreriis  de 

Corfe,  pro  marmore  ad  Crucem  de  Charringe,  c.s. 

Item,  in  putura  diversorum  fratrum  Praedicatorum,  Mi- 

norum el','  et  aliorum,  per  diversa  loca,  per  manum 

Domini  Johannis  de  Berewyke,  pro  anima  Reginae, 

Ixxiiij.li.  iij.s.  iij.d.  q*. 
In  expensis  auditorum  compotorum  de  tends  Reginae,  se- 
nescallorum    et    ballivorum,  post   mortem   Reginae,   apud 
Londoniam,  xxx.li. 

Summa,  m''.dcc.liii.".  xvii.'.  viii.''.  q*- 


Summa  summarum 
totius  hujus  rotuli, . 


m''-  m'"-  m''.  DCCC.XXIII.''.  KVI.'.  I.*.  OB.  Q" 


'  Possibly  Carmelites,  but  the  final  letters  only  are  discernible. 

»  There  are  several  totals  put  down  and  erased  which  are  not  inserted  here.    The  first 
of  the  above  comprises  the  expenditure  during  the  terms  of  Hillary  and  Easter. 


116 


lHotUlU.Sf  ^CCUttilU!Sf. 


LIBERATIONES  PRO  ALIANORA  QUONDAM  REGINA 
ANGLIC,  CONSORTE  DOMINI  REGIS,  FACT.E  PER 
MANUS  J.  BACON  ET  R.  DE  KANCIA,  POST  FES- 
TUM  SANCTI  MICHAELIS,  ANNO  REGNI  REGIS 
EDWARDI  VICESIMO  FINIENTE  : 

m.  1.  Crux.  Inde  liberaverunt  Johanni  de  Bello,  pro  factura  Crucium 

de  Norhamtona  et  Sancto  Albano,  xxx.li. 

Item,  Ricardo  de  Stowe,  pro  factura  Crucis  Lincolniae, 

XX.  marc. 
Expense.         Item,  Roberto  de  Middeltone  et  Hunfrido  de  Waledene, 

pro  expensis  eorundem  versus  Berewyke,  pro  terra  data 

Abbati  et  Conventui  Westmonasterii  per  Dominum  Regem,  xl.s. 
Operationes.     Item,  Adas  de  Lymmynge  et  Johanni  Pany,  pro  operibus 

de  Sandwyco,  Ix.li. 

Crux.  Item,    Dymenge    de    Legeri,    pro    factura    Crucis    de 

Wautham,  x.  marc. 

Charringe.,       Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  ad  opera  Crucis  de 

La  Charrynge,  die  Sancti  Edwardi,  1.  n. 

Imagines.         Item,   Magistro  Willielmo  Torel,   ad   opera   imaginum 

Reginse,  eodem  die,  x.li. 

Crux.  Item,  Dymenge  de  Legery,  pro  factura  Crucis  de  Wautham, 

in  crastino  Sancti  Edwardi,  c.s. 

Charringe.       Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  pro  operibus  Crucis 

de  La  Charrynge,  xxvij.h. 


117 


Donum. 


EmendtB. 


Crux. 


Donum.  Item,  Johaimee  filiae  Domini  Roberti  de  Caumville,  de     * 

dono  executorum  Regiaee,  pro  se  maritanda,  x.li. 

Item,  Domino  W.  de  Monte  Caniso,  in  partem  solutionis 
c.  mare,  annuamm,  de  ordinatione  Re^,  xxxv.  marc. 

Item,  Abbati  de  Burgo  Sancti  Petri,  pro  quibnsdam 
servitiis  maneriorum  de  Torpel  et  Uptone,  eidem  Abbati  per 
ballivos  Reginae  retentis,  et  eidem  per  auditores  querelarum 
adjudicatis,  Iiiij.IL  viij.s.  Ls.d. 

Item,  Magistro  Michaeli  de  Cantaaria,  in  partem  solu- 
tionis, pro  factura  Crucis  de  Chepe,  xx.li. 

Operationes.  Item,  Roberto  de  Norhamtona  et  Jobanni  Le  Flemynge, 
et  aliis  carpentariis,  pro  operibus  factis  apud  Haverforde, 

xxiij.li.  x.s. 

Charringe.       Item,  Radulpbo  de  Cycestria,  per  manus  Elenee  uxoris 

ejusdem,  pro  marmore  ad  Crueem  de  La  Charringe,  xl.s. 

Item,  Willielmo  Canun  de  Corfe,  per  manus  Ricardi  de 
Crundale,  pro  eodem,  Ix.s. 

Terra  empta.  Item,  Magistro  Radulpbo  de  Ivyngho,  pro  quodam  me- 
suagio  emendo,  apud  Mpydenhithe,  ad  capellam  de  Elyntone, 
pro  canteria  ibidem  ordinanda  pro  anima  Reginae,  praecepto 
Regis,  X.  marc. 

Imagines,         Item,   pro  xiij  ^''.  et  xij.  florinis,  ponderis  iiij."'   marc, 

emptis  ad  imagines  Reginae  deaurandas,  1.  marc,  xiij.s. 

Charringe.       Item,  Jobanni  de  Corfe,  pro  marmore  ab  eodem  empto  ad 

Crueem  de  La  Cbarrynge,  c.s. 

Crux.  Item,  Roberto  de  Corfe,  per  manus  WiUielmi  Le  Blund 

fratris  sui,  in  partem  solutionis  pro  iij.  virgis,  iij.  anulis,  et 
iij.  capitibus  pro  Crucibus  de  Wautham,  Norhamtona  et 
Lincolnia,  vij.  marc. 

Charringe.       Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  in  partem  solutionis 

pro  factura  Crucis  de  La  Cbarrynge,  xxiij.li. 

Crux.  Item,  Dymenge  de  Legeri,  pro  factura  Crucis  de  Wau- 

tham, c.s. 

Item,  Johanni  de  Bello,  per  manus  Johannis  Le  Hunte, 


118 

in  partem    solutionis,  pro  factura  Crucium   Norhamtonse, 
Dunstaple  et  Stratforde,'  ^-^^ 

Charringe.       Item,  Willielmo  Canun,  per  manus  Johannis  Blik',  pro 

marmore  empto  de  eodem  ad  Crucem  de  La  Charringe,         xl.s. 
EmendcB.         Item,  Johanni  de  Novo  Burgo,  pro  fructibus  de  Wynfred 
Neuburghe  perceptis  tempore  Dominae  Reginee,  dum  fuit  m 
manibus  ipsius  Reginse,  de  dono  executorum  Reginse,         viij.li. 
Imagines.         Item,  pro  cc.  et  iiij.  florinis,  ponderis  iij.  marc.,  emptis 
de  mercatoribus  de  Luka,  pro  imaginibus  Reginse  deaurandis, 

xxv.li.  x.s. 
Item,  Magistro  Willielmo  Torel,  pro  factura  imaginum 
Reginse,  c.s. 

Item,  pro  Ixviij.  florinis  emptis,  pretii  florini  ij.s.  vj.d., 

Adij.li.  x.s. 
Item,  Magistro  Willielmo  Torel,  pro  factura  imaginum 
Reginse,  c.s. 

Charringe.       Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  pro  operibus  Crucis 

de  La  Charrynge,  xv.li. 

Item,  Radulpho  de  Cycestria,  pro  cccxv.  pedibus  et  di. 
de  asshelers  de  marmore,  ad  Crucem  de  La  Charring  emptis, 

vij.li.  iiij.s. 
Imagines.         Item,  Magistro  Thomse  Le  Carpenter,  pro  tabula,  mee- 
remio  et  schaffat  faciendis,  pro  imaginibus  Reginse  levandis, 
et  etiam  pro  hercia  facienda,  xliiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Charringe.       Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  pro  factura  Crucis 

de  La  Charring,  xxv.li. 

Crux.  Item,  Dymenge  de  Legeri,  in  perpacationem  iiij^^.  et 

xv.li.,  pro  factura  Crucis  de  Wautham,  c.s. 

Cantaria.  Item,  Domino  P.  de  Wyleby,  Decano  Lincolnise,  in  de- 
posito  pro  canteria  apud  Herdeby,  pro  anima  Reginse, 
facienda,  c.  marc. 

Oblatio.  Item,  in  oblatione,  in  vigilia  Sancti  Andrese,  videlicet,  die 

aniversarii  Reginse,  xxij.s. 

'  Stony-Stratford. 


119 


ElemosiruE.      Item,  fratribus  Praedicatoribus,  eodem  die,  pro  potura 

eorundem,  pro  anima  ipsius  Reginae,  xxiij.s. 

Item,  fratribus  Minoribus,  pro  eodem,  eodem  die,  xxxj.s.  xj.d. 
Item,  fratribus  de  Monte  Carmeli,  pro  eodem,  xxiij.s.  ij.d.  ob. 
Item,  fratribus  Sancti  Augustini,  pro  eodem,  xx.s. 

Item,  fratribus  de  Sancta  Cruce,  pro  eodem  i.  marc. 

Item,  fratribus  de  Pica,  pro  eodem,  di.  marc. 

Item,  fratribus  de  Sacco,  pro  eodem,  di.  marc. 

Item,   prisonibus   de  Neugate,'   in   crastino   aniversarii 
Reginae,  de  dono  executorum  Reginse,  xx.s. 

[Item,  fratribus  de  Sancta  Cruce,  pro  potura  sua,  die 
aniversarii  Reginae,  i.  marc.]''  Quia  superius. 
Dona.  Item,  fratribus  Hospitalis  Sancti  Egidii,'  de  dono  execu- 

torum, pro  anima  ipsius  Reginae,  di.  marc. 

Item,  fratribus  Hospitalis  Sancti  Jacobi,^  pro  eodem,  di.  marc. 
Item,  Hospitali  Beati  Thomae  de  Suthwerke,  pro  eodem, 

di.  marc. 
Item,  Hospitali  Sanctee  Mariae  de  Bysshopesgate,  pro 
eodem,  di.  marc. 

Item,  Hospitali  Sancti  Bartholomei,'  pro  eodem,        di.  marc. 
EmentUe.  Item,   Johanni   de   Fallynge,   pro  se   et  tenentibus   de 

Caustone,  pro  quadam  exoneratione  facta  super  compotum 
Reginae,  per  J.  de  Lovetot,  v.  marc. 

Crux.  Item,  Ricardo  de  Stowe,  pro  factura  Crucis  Lincolniae, 

X.  marc. 

Donum.  Item,  fratri  Johanni  de  Abbetot,  canonico  de  Nuttele,  de 

dono  executorum,  pro  anima  Reginae,   ad  emendationem 

capellae  de  Fismere,  xl.s. 

EtnetidtE.  Item,  Domino  Radulpho  de  Staunforde  et  Magistro  Hu- 

goni  Tripati,  executoribus  testamenti  N.  quondam  Wyn- 


■  The  Gaol  of  Newgate,  London.  '  Cancelled  in  MS. 

'  The  Hospital  of  St.  Giles  in  the  Fields,  without  London,  for  lepers. 

*  The  Hospital  of  St.  James,  Westminster. 

^  The  Hospital  of  St.  Bartholomew,  in  Smithfield. 


120 


Expensee. 


Donum. 


toniensis  Episcopi,  in  partem  solutionis  mille  marc,  quae  per 
ballivos  preefatse  Reginee  ad  opus  ejusdem  levatse  fuerunt,    ccJi. 

Item,  executoribus  testamenti  W.  de  Kancia,  in  partem 
solutionis  denariorum  in  quibus  eadem  Regina  tenebatur 
dictis  executoribus,  x.li. 

Item,  Domino  Philippo  de  Trilawe  et  Roberto  de  Mid- 
deltone,  pro  expensis  suis,  pro  compoto  Reginae  faciendo  in 
comitatibus  NorflFolciee,  Suffolcise,  et  Cantebrigiee,  Ix.s. 

Item,  Isabellae  filise  Domini  Roberti  de  Caumville,  de 
dono  executorum  Reginae,  in  partem  solutionis  pro  maritagio 
suo,  XX.  marc. 

XJor  Regirue.  Item,  Magistro  Alexandro  Imaginatori,'  pro  pictura, 
ferro,  et  opere''  ejusdem  ferri,  circa  cor  Reginee  apud  fratres 
Prsedicatores,  prsecepto  Domini,  xij.s.  iij.d. 

Item,  fratribus  Johanni  de  Monte  Acuto  et  Johanni  de 
Clare,  pro  labore  eorundem  in  societate  Radulphi  de 
Ivyngho,  auditoris  querelarum  super  rainistros  Reginae,  de 
dono  executorum  Reginae,  >  ij.  marc. 

Item,  WUlielmo  Imaginatori,  in  partem  solutionis  xxv.li., 
pro  factura  imaginum  ad  Crucem  de  Norhamtona,  virgae, 
capitis  et  anuli,  x.  marc. 

Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  pro  factura  Crucis 
de  Charringe,  x.U. 

Item,  Magistro  Willielmo  Torel,  pro  factura  imaginum 
Reginae,  iiij.li. 

Item,  pro  expensis  Roberti  de  Middeltone,  apud  Londo- 
niam,  per  decem  dies,  cum  duobus  equis,  pro  negotiis  Re- 
ginae, contra  diem  anniversarii,  anno  xxj™".  iiij.s.  vij.d. 

Item,  Magistro  Roberto  de  Wodestoke,  Marescallo  Do- 
mini Regis,  de  quodam  debito  eidem  debito  de  Henrico  de 
Wodestoke,  eo  quod  dmnia  bona  sua  devenenmt  ad  manus 
ejusdem  Reginae,  debito  illo  non  soluto,  xl.li. 


Auditores. 

Cruw. 

Charringe. 

Imagines 

Expense. 

Emends. 


Imaginatore,  in  MS. 


operis,  in  MS. 


121 

m.  2.  Tumba.  Item,  Magistro  T^omse  de  Hokyntone,  pro  cooperculo 

supra  imaginem  Regmse  et  barreriis  circa  eandem  faciendis,  Ixx.s. 

Expensce.         Item,  Jidianse  ]  -a  Potere,  pro  ccc.  picheriis,  die  aniver- 

sarii  Reginae,  Tiij.s.  TJ.d. 

Item,  Johanni  Le  Squeler,  pro  m'*.  et  d.  discis,  tot  plateUis, 
tot  salseriis,  et  cccc.  chiphis,'  xlij.s, 

Cnuc.  Item,  WUliekao  de  Hibemia,  imaginatori,  in  partem  so- 

lutionis  xxij.    marc,  pro   factura  virgae,    capitis   et   anuli 
Crucis  Lincolniae,  et  cariagio  ejusdem,  v.  marc. 

Sepultura        Item,  Dymenge  de  Legeri  et  Alexandre  de  Abyndone, 

viscerum,     imaginatoribus,   in    partem    solutionis    xx.li.,   pro    tumba 

[supra]  viscera  Reginae,  apud  Lyncolniam,  facienda,  c.s. 

Donum.  Item,  Magistro   Ricardo  de   Ludgate,  mareschaUo,  pro 

mareschalcia  equorum  Reginae  Consortis,  de  dono  execu- 
torum,  xl.s. 

Summa,  ccc.xx.".  xvII.^  iiiiA — probatur. 


LiBEKATIONES  DE  TeRMIXO  SaNCTI  HiLLARII. 

Vadia.  Item,  Thomae   Colepeper,  janitori   Castri   de  Ledes,  in 

partem  solutionis,  pro  vadiis  suis,  xl.s. 

CruT.  Item,   Magistro  WiUielmo  de  Hibemia,  imaginatori,  in 

partem  solutionis  xxij.  marc,  pro  factura  virgae,  capitis 
et  anuli  Crucis  Lincolniae,  et  cariagio  ibidem,  x.  marc. 

Sepultura         Item,  Magistro  Alexandre  Imaginatori  et  Dymenge  de 

viscerum.  Legeri,  in  partem  solutionis,  pro  factura  tumuli  supra  vis- 
cera Reginae,  apud  Lyncolniam,  x.  marc. 

Tumba.  Item,   Magistro     Waltero    de     Dunolmia,    pictori,    pro 

operibus  faciendis  circa  tumulum  Reginae,  apud  Westmo- 
nasterium,  i.  marc 


'  For  cyphU  or  set/phis. 

K 


122 


Crux. 
Charringe. 
Donum. 
Tumba. 

Crux. 

Operationes. 

Charringe, 

Bonum, 

ExpenscB. 


Legatum. 

Solutio 

debiti. 

Feodum. 


Tumba., 


Item,  Magistro  Michaeli  de  Cantuaria,  in  partem  solu- 
tionis, ad  opera  Crucis  de  Chepe,  xx.li. 

Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  cimentario,  ad  opera 
Crucis  de  Charringe,  xx,li. 

Item,  Alexandre  Imaginatori  et  Dymenge  de  Legeri,  de 
dono  executorum,  pro  robis  suis,  iiij.  marc. 

Item,  Magistro  Thomse  Carpentario,  in  partem  solutionis, 
pro  factura  cooperculi,  barreriarum  et  scaffot  circa  tumulum 
Regis  et  Reginae,  xxx.s. 

Item,  Johanni  de  La  BataUle,  cimentario,  in  partem  so- 
lutionis, pro  factura  Crucium  de  Sancto  Albano,  Woburne, 
Dujistaple,  Stonistratford  et  Norhamtona,  xl.li, 

.     Item,  Adas    de  Lymmynge,  in  partem   solutionis  pro 
operibus  de  Sandwico,  xl.  marc. 

Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundel,  in  partem  solutionis, 
pro  factura  Crucis  de  La  Charringe,  xx.li. 

Item,fratri  Alexandre  de  Neweport,  monacho  Westmonas- 
terii,  pro  bobus,  affris,  et  aliis  necessariis,  in  manerio  de 
Westerham  emendis,  ad  opus  conventus  Westmonasterii, 
de  dono  executorum,  pro  anima  Reginae,  xiij.li.  v.s.  xj.d. 

Item,  in  cccc.  et  di.  et  i.  quarterio  et  iij.  lib.  cerse,  emptis 
pro  imaginibus  supra  viscera  Regiiiae  apud  Lincolniam  et 
apud  firatres  Preedicatores  Londoniee,  ix.li.  xviij.s.  ix.d. ; 
pretii  c,  liij.s. 

Item,  WiUielmo  Cissori  Reginae,  de  legato  Reginae,      1.  marc. 

Item,  Coraldo  seUario  de  Parisiis,  per  manus         ' 
pro  i.  saumbu  ad  opus  Reginae,  empto  per  Johannem  de 
Montibus,  xv.li. 

Item,  Hostiario  de  Recepta  Regis,  de  feodo  suo  de  ter- 
mino  Sancti  HiUarii,  anno  xxj"".,  ij.s. 

Item,  Thomae  de  Hoctone,  carpentario,  in  partem  solu- 
tionis pro  factura  cooperculi  [et]  barreriarum  supra  ima- 
ginem  Reginae,  xl.s. 

>  Blank  in  MS. 


123 


Imago.  Item,  Magistro  Willielmo  Torel,  in  partem  solutionis  pro 

imagine  supra  tumulum  Reginae  facienda,  xl.s. 

Tumba.  Item,  Magistro  Willielmo  Le  Pavour,  in  partem  solu- 

tionis pro  pavimento  faciendo  in  ecclesia  Westmonasterii, 
per  executores  Reginae,  Ix.s. 

Charringe.       Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundel,  pro  i.  navata  petrae' 

de  marmore,  ad  Crucem  de  La  Charrynge,         iiijJL  vij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundel,  in  partem  solutionis 
pro  factura  Crucis  de  La  Charringe,  xr.li. 

Imago.  Item,  Magistro  WiUielmo   Torel,  in  partem  solutionis 

pro  factura  imaginis  Reginae,  xLs. 

Tumba.  Item,  Magistro  Waltero  Pictori,  in  partem  solutionis  pro 

pictura  coopertorii  Regis  et  Reginae,  iij.  marc. 

Item,  Magistro  Thomae  de  Hoctone,  carpentario,  in 
partem  solutionis  pro  factura  barreriarum  et  cooperculi 
supra  imaginem  Reginae  apud  Westmonasterium,  Ix.s. 

Charringe.       Item,  Willielmo  Le  Pavour,  in  persolutionem  pro  pavi- 
mento apud  Westmonasterium  faciendo,  iiij.li. 

Item,  Roberto  Le  Blund  de  Corf,  pro  petra  de  marmore 
empta  ad  Crucem  de  La  Charrynge,  c.s. 

Item,  Henrico  Mauger  de  Cadamo,  pro  petra  de  Cadamo 
pro  imaginibus  ad  Crucem  de  La  Charrynge  faciendis,    v.  marc. 

Crux.  Item,  Magistro  Willielmo  de  Hibemia,  in  partem  solu- 

tionis xxij.  marc,  [pro]  virga,  capite,  et  anulo  Crucis  Lin- 
colniae,  v.  marc. 

Tumba.  Item,  Dymenge  de  Legeri  et  Alexandre  Imaginatori,  in 

partem   solutionis  pro  tumulo   de  marmore  supra  viscera 
Reginae,  apud  Lyncolniam,  faciendo,  viij.li.  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Solutio.  Item,  Hugoni  de  Kendale,  in  partem  solutionis  1.  marc, 

pro  Domino  G.  Ferre,  xx.  marc. ;  de  denanis  ab  eodem  G. 
priujs   [receptis.j 


'  petri,  in  MS. 


124 


Crwe.  Item,  Magistro  Willielmo  de  Hibernia,  in  partem  solu- 

tionis xxv.li.,  pro  factura  imaginum,  virgee,  capitis  et  aniili 
Crucis  NorhamtonsB,  v.  marc. 

Charringe.       Item,  Magistro  Alexandro  Imaginatori,  in  partem  solu- 
tionis pro  factura  imaginum  ad  Crucem  de  La  Charrynge, 

V.  marc. 
Crux.  Item,  Radulpho  de  Cycestria,  in  partem  solutionis  xxj. 

marc,  pro  quinque  virgis,  quinque  capitibus,  et  quinque 
anulis  de  marmore,  emptis  ab  eodem,  pro  Crucibus  de  La 
Chanynge,  Sancto  Albano,  Dunstable  et  Stonistratforde,        c.s. 
Charringe.       Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  in  partem  solu- 
tionis pro  operibus  Crucis  de  La  Charrynge,  xv.Ii. 

Item,  eidem  pro  i.  navata  petrae,  ad  preedictam  Crucem, 
empta  de  Petro  Markeys,  Ix.s. 

Item,  Radulpho   de   Cycestria,  in  partem  solutionis  ix. 
marc,  et  di.,  pro  asschelers  ad  Crucem  de  La  Charrynge, 

"vj.  marc. 
Item,  Roberto  Pany,  pro  asschelers  ad  eandem  Crucem,  xxx.s. 
Imago.  Item,   Magistro  Willielmo  Torel,  in  partem   solutionis 

pro  factura  imaginis  Reginse,  xl.s. 

Item,  Magistro  Waltero  Pictori,  in  partem  solutionis  pro 
pictura  cooperculorum  supra  imagines  Regis  et  Reginse,         xl.s. 
Crux.  Item,  Magistro  Willielmo  de  Hibernia,  in  partem  solu- 

tionis pro  factura  imaginum  ad  Crucem  Norhamtonae,     x.  marc. 

Summa,  ccc.xxxv.".  xii.^ — frobatur. 


125 


LiBEBATIOXES     PKO    ReGINA,    POST     PaSCHAM,     AXXO 

REGNi  Regis  Edwabdi  xxi™". 


Crux.  Magistro  Michaeli  de  Cantuaria,  in  partem  solutionis  pro 

factura  Crucis  de  Chepe,  xx.li. 

Item,  Magistro  Walter©  Pictori,  in  partem  solutionis  pro 
cooperturio  Regis  et  Reginae,'  supra  imagines,  faciendo, 
apud  Westmonasterium,  iiij.U. 

Item,  Magistro  WiUielmo  Torel,  in  partem  solutionis  pro 
factura  imaginis  Reginae,  xl.s. 

Item,  Thomee  Lowys,  quondam  nuncio  Reginae,  de  dono 
executorum  Reginae,  pro  roba  sua,  xj.s. 

Item,  Magistro  Thomae  de  Hocghtone,  carpentario,  in 
partem  solutionis  pro  factura  barreriarum  circa  tumulum 
Reginae  in  ecclesia  Westmonasterii,  c.s. 

Item,  Magistro  Johanni  de  BeUo,  in  partem  solutionis 
pro  factura  Crucium  de  Dunstable,  Sancto  Albano  et  aliis,    Ixx.li. 

Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  in  partem  solutionis 
pro  factura  Crucis  de  La  Charrynge,  xvij.li. 

Item,  Priorissae  de  Ambresbyria,  pro  arreragiis  cujusdam 
annul  redditus  de  manerio  de  La  Woderawe,  xx.li. 

Item,  Magistro  Willielmo  Torel,  in  partem  solutionis  pro 
factura  imaginis  supra  viscera  Reginae,  apud  Lincolniam,      .xl.s. 

Item,  Johannee  filiae  Roberti  de  CaumviUe,  de  dono  exe- 
cutorum, in  partem  solutionis  pro  se  maritanda,  x.  marc. 

Item,  Isabellas,-  sorori  ejusdem,  pro  eodem,  x.  marc. 

Item,  Alexandro  Imaginatori  et  Dymenge  de  Legery,  in 
pro  corde,    partem   solutionis   pro   cera,  pro  imaginibus   apud  fi^tres 

[etc.]        Praedicatores  Londoniae  et  Lincolniae  faciendis,  v.  [marc] 

Tumba.  Item,  eidem,  in  partem  solutionis  pro  factura  tumuli  de 

marmore  supra  viscera  Reginae,  apud  Lincolniam,  c.[s.] 

'  Certain  marks  in  the  MS.,  before  and  after  these  words,  seem  to  indicate  their  false 
position  iu  the  sentence. 


Tumba. 


Imago. 


Donum. 


Tumba. 


m.  3.  Crux. 

Charringe. 

Emendce, 

Imago  pro 
visceribus. 
Donum. 


Imagines 


126 

EmendcE.         Item,   Johanni   de   Maundeville,  pro   detentione    unius 

decennse  et  aliorum  servitiorum  in  Netherlym,     xj.li.  x.s.  [xj.d.] 

Charringe.       Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Cmndale,  in  partem  solutionis 

ad  opera  Crucis  de  La  Charrynge,  xx.li. 

Crux.  Item,  Ricardo  de  Stowe,  in  perpacationem  pro  factura 

Crucis  Lyncolnise,  x.  marc. 

Charringe.       Item,  Radulpho  de  Cycestria,  in  perpacationem  ix.  marc. 

et  di.,  pro  asshelers  ad  Cnicem  de  La  Charringe,     xlvj.s.  viij.d. 

Donum.  Item,  WUlielmo  de  Monte  Caniso,  de  Edwardestone,  in 

partem  solutionis  c.  marc,  annualium,  per  manus  Roberti 
de  Crakeford,  1.  marc. 

Charringe.       Item,  Magistro  R.  de  Cruiidale,  in  partem  solutionis  ad 

opera  Crucis  de  La  Charringe,  xij.h. 

Item,  Roberto  Pany  et  Roberto  Le  Blund,  in  partem  so- 
lutionis pro  asshelers  ad  eandem  Crucem,  xxx.s.  ix.d. 

Crux.  Item,  Radulpho  de  Cycestria,  in  partem  solutionis  pro 

V.  virgis,  anulis,  et  capitibus,  ad  v.  Cruces,  xl.s. 

EmendcB.  Item,  Johannse  quae  fuit  uxor  Roberti  de  Caumville,  in 
partem  solutionis  pro  exactionibus  maneriorum  de  Wester- 
ham  et  Leghtone,  x.U. 

Donum.  Item,  Philippo  de  Lyministre,  scolari  Cantebrigiae,  pro 

necessitatibus  universitatis  Cantebrigiee,  per  manus  R.  de 
Middeltone,  xl.s. 

EmendcB.  Item,  Rogero  de  Caumville,  de  arreragiis  cujusdam  anmii 
redditus  percipiendi  de  Westerham  et  Ponte  Edelmy,  de  v. 
terminis  quae  ei  aretro  fuerunt  ante  festum  Pentecostes, 
anno  xxj""".,  [viij,  marc  et  di.] 

Donum.  Item,  moniahbus  de  Molseby  in  Galletre,  per  manus 
Priorissse  ejusdem  domus,  de  dono  executorum,  pro  anima 
Reginee,  xxx ' 

Donum.  Item,  Cristianse  de  Enefelde,  pro  diversis  exactionibus 

factis  versus  Reginam,  et  pro  calumpniis  rel[ax]andis  .... 


'  The  roll  is  stained  in  this  place. 


127 

excepto  pretio  cujusdam  capae  viridis  bmdatae  quod'  petit, 

X.U 

EmendcB.  Item,     Priorissae    de    Ambresberia,    in    perpacationem 

xxxj.li.  xj.s.  vij.d.,  sibi  adjudicatorum,  coram  auditoribus 
querelarum,  de  arreragiis  quorundam  servitiorum  et  reddi- 
tuum  de  manerio  de  Woderowe,  xj.li,  xj.s.  vij.d. 

Item,  Theobaldo  de  BeUius  et  SibiUae  uxori  ejus,  de 
gratia  executorum,  pro  quadam  terra  quam  petierunt  ad 
terminum  vitae,  coram  dictis  auditoribus,  liij.s.  vij.d. 

Crux  Item,   Willielmo   de   Bemak',   cementario,  pro   cariagio 

quatuor  imaginum  ad  Crucem  Norhamtonae,  et  pro  cariagio 
capitis  et  lanceae  ejusdem  Crucis,  de  Londonia  usque  Nor- 
hamtonam,  Ixxiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Feoda.  Item,  liberabantur  Johamii  Bacun  et  Ricardo  de  Kancia, 

pro  feodis  suis^  de  tribus  terminis  praecedentibus,  quolibet 
eorum  percipiente  pro  feodo  suo,  per  amium,  xx.li.,,  xxx.li. 

Summa  istius  termini,  ccc.xxvi."-  VII.^'  iiii.''- 


LlBEBATIONES      PRO      ReGINA,      DE      TERMING      SanCT^ 

Tbinitatis,  anno  xxi™".,  per  manus  J.  Bacun  et  R. 

DE  MiDDELTONE. 

'm.  4.  Charringe,       Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  ad  operationes  Crucis  de 

Cherrynge,  in  vigilia  Nativitatis  Sancti  Johannis  Baptistae,  x.b. 

Crux,  Johanni  de  BeUo,  cementario,  pro  operationibus  Crucium 

de  Sancto  Albano,  Dunestaple,  Wouboume  et  Stonistrat- 
forde,  xx.li. 

Tumba.  Thomae  de  Hoghtone,  ingeniario,  pro  operationibus  circa 

tumulum  Reginae,  versus  feretrum  Sancti  Edwardi,  bsvj.s. 

EmendcB,         Johanni  de  Ponte,  uni  executorum  Walteri  de  Kancia,  in 

'  quam,  in  MS.  *  feodo  suo,  in  MS. 

'  This  membrane  has  been,  at  some  period,  detached  from  the  roll,  and  by  a  singular 
inadvertence,  on  the  part  of  the  persons  employed  to  arrange  the  Exchequer  records,  is 
still  allowed  to  remain  so. 


128 


Donum. 


Vadia. 


c.s. 


c.s. 


partem  solutionis  denariorum  quos  Regina  solvere  tenetur 
executoribus  ejusdem  Walteri,  pro  bonis  ejusdem  W.,  quae 
post  mortem  ipsius  Walteri  ad  manus  Reginse  devenerunt, 

X.  marc. 

Item,  Rogero  de  Assheford,  pro  executoribus  W.  de 
Kancia,  pro  quodam  debito  xviij.  marc,  quod  idem  Rogerus 
recuperavit  versus  eosdem,  coram  auditoribus,  etc., 

Item,  Nicholao  de  Stalham,  in  partem  solutionis  xx. 
marc,  quas  executores  Reginae  dederunt  eidem,  pro  servitio 
suo. 

Item,  Hugoni  de  La  Penne,  in  partem   solutionis  vadi- 
orum  suorum,  pro  custodia  rerum  apud  Turrim  Londonise,  xx.s. 
Imaginespro    Item,    Willielmo    de    Suffolke,    de    Londonia,    pro  iij. 
cordeetpro  parvis   imaginibus   pro    Regina   faciendis   et  jactandis   de 
visceribus.  proprio  metallo,  iiij.  marc,  in  partem  solutionis  viij.  marc. 
Charringe.        Item,  Magistro  R.  de  Crundale,  in  partem  solutionis  pro 

operibus  Crucis  de  La  Charringe,  x.li. 

Item,  Johanni  de  Corf,  in  partem  solutionis  xvj.U.,  pro 
marmore  ad  Crucem  de  Charringe,  yj.li. 

Item,  Willielmo  de  Hibernia,  imaginatori,  in  partem  so- 
lutionis XXV.  marc,  pro  factura  v.  imaginum  ad  Cruces 
Reginee,  cx.s. 

Item,  Magistro  Alexandre  Imaginatori,  in  perpacationem, 
pro  factura  cerse  pro  iij.  parvis  imaginibus  apud  fratres 
Prsedicatores  Londoniee  et  Lincolnise,  pro  Regina,    vj.  marc,  et  di. 

Item,  eidem,  pro  quodam  panno  depicto,  ultra  cor  Re- 
ginee, apud  fratres  Prsedicator-es  Londoniae,  v.s. 

Item,  Magistro  Michaeli  de  Cantuaria,  cementario,  in 
partem  solutioijis  pro  factura  Crucis  de  Chepe,  xx.  marc. 

Item,  pro  pergameno,  de  eodem  termino,'  viij.d. 

Item,  Johannes  et  Isabellee  de  Caumville,  in  partem  so- 
lutionis denariorum  ipsis  pro  anima  Reginee  per  executores 
ejusdem  concessorum,  c.s. 

1  Trinity  Term. 


Crux. 


Expensm. 


Crux. 

Expensae. 
Donum. 


129 


Donum.  Item,  Nicholao  de  Stalham,  in  partem  solutionis  viginti 

marc,  quas  executores  concesserunt  eidem,  pro  servitio 
quod  fecit  Reginse,  xxxiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Ct^-x.  Item,  Johanni    de    BeUo,    cementario,   ad    operationes 

Crucium  de  Sancto  Albano,  Donestaple,  Wouboume  et 
Stonystratforde,  et  calceti  de  Norhamptona,  xl.li. 

Charringe.  Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  ad  operationes 
Crucis  de  La  Charringe,  die  Mercurii  proxima  post  festum 
Translationis  Beati  Thomas  Martins,  xx.  marc. 

Emendce.  Item,  liberaverunt  Priori  et  conventui  ecclesiae  Beatae 
Marise  de  Suthwerke,  pro  arreragiis  cujusdam  annui  redditus 
XX.S.,  percipiendi  de  manerio  de  Westerham,  recuperatis 
coram  auditoribus,  etc.,  l.s. 

Charringe.  Item,  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crundale,  die  Veneris  proxima 
post  festum  Translationis  Beati  Thomee  Martiris,  ad  opera- 
tiones Crucis  de  La  Charrynge,  xx.  marc. 

Bonum.  Item,  Magistro  Petro  de  Portegale,  per  manus  Johannis 

de  Sunbrun  vaUecti  sui,  per  litteram  Domini,  x.  marc. 

Cnuc.  Item,   Magistro  WiUielmo   de   Hibernia,  cementario,  in 

partem  solutionis  pro  factura  virgee,  capitis,  anuli  et  imagi- 
num  Crucis  NorhamtonJE,  et  etiam  pro  factxira  virgse,  capitis 
et  anuli  Crucis  Lincolnise,  iiij.li. 

Donum.  Item,  Johannse  de  Caumville,  in  partem  solutionis  dena- 

riorum  sibi  per  executores  Reginae,  pro  maritagio  suo, 
concessonim,  xl.s. 

Donum.  Item,  fratribus   de   Monte   Carmeh,  per  manus  fratris 

Ricardi  de  Welewe,  ad  expensas  eorundem,  in  generali  ca- 
pitulo  suo  Wyntonise  celebrando,  xLs. 

Donum.  Item,  fratribus  Sancti  Augustini,  per  manus  fratris  Adae 

de  Wychecote,  pro  eodem,  xl.s. 

Operationes.    Item,  Adse  de  Lymmynge,  ad  operationes  de  Sandwico, 

die  Jovis  proxima  ante  festum  Sancti  Petri  ad  Vincula,        xx.li. 

Crux.  Item,  Johanni  de  BeUo,  ad  operationes  calceti  Norham- 


c.s. 
c.s. 


c.s. 


130 

tonse,  die   Martis  proxima  post  festran   Sancti  Petri  ad 
Vincula,  *^'^ 

Vadia.  Item,  Hugoni  de  La  Penne,  eodem  die,  in  partem  solu- 

tionis vadiorum  suorum,  per  talliam,  s:x.s 

Dona.  Item,  liberaverunt  fratri  Roberto    de    Novo    Mercato, 

Priori  fratnim  Prsedicatorum  Londonise,  pro  potura  fratrum 

suorum  in  provinciali  capitulo  suo  apud  Lincolniam,  die 

Assumptionis  Beatse  MaricE,  celebrando, 

Item,  fratribus  Minoribus,  pro  eodem, 

Crux.  Item,  Magistro  Alexandre  Imaginatori,  in  partem  solu- 

tionis pro  factura  imaginum  ad  Cruces  Reginffi, 

Bonum.  Item,  Isabellse  de  CaumviUe,  in  partem  solutionis  dena- 

riorum  sibi  per  executores  Reginae,  pro  maritagio  suo,  con- 
cessorum,  xl.s. 

EmendcB,  Item,  Johanni  de  Ponte,  uni  executorum  Walteri  de 
Kancia,  die  Veneris  proxima  post  festum  Sancti  Bartholomei 
Apostoli,  in  partem  solutionis  denariorum  quos  Regina 
debet  eisdem  pro  bonis  et  catallis  quae  fuerunt  Walteri  de 
Kancia,  et  quae  post  mortem  ipsius  Walteri  ad  manus  Re- 
ginse  devenerunt,  c.s. 

Charringe.  Magistro  Ricardo  de  Crondale,  pro  operationibus  Crucis 
de  ChaiT3^ige,  in  festo  Nativitatis  Beatse  Virginis, 

xiij.li.  TJ.s.  viij.d. 

Summa  totalis  istius  rotuli,'  cc.xlvi.".  xvI^I.^  ii\i.^.—-probatur. 


'  Trinity  term  only. 


131 


^UotuiuiS  €miU3Sf. 


LIBERATIONES  FACT^  DE  DENARIIS  DOMIN.E 
ALIANOR^  REGIN^  CONSORTIS,  PER  MAXUS  J. 
BACUN  ET  R.  DE  MIDDELTONE,  DE  TERMING 
SANCTI  MICm^LIS,  ANNO  REGNI  REGIS  EDWARDI 
VICESIMO-PRIMO  FINIENTE     


m.  1.  Imagines.  Videlicet,  Willielmo  de  Suffolke,  in  perpacationem  pro 
factura  imaginum  de  metallo,  pro  Regina,  apud  fratres  Prae- 
dicatores  Londoniae  et  apud  Lincolniam,  iiij.  marc. 

EivpenscE.         Item,  pro  pergameno,  xx.d. 

Donum.  Item,  Isabellse  filiae  Domini  Roberti   de  CaumviUe,  in 

perpacationem  l".  marc,  de  dono  executorum  Reginae,  pro 
anima  ejusdem,  ad  maritagium  suum,  xliij.s.  iiij.d. 

Tumba.  Item,  Magistro  Thomae  de  Leghtone,  fabro,  in  partem 

solutionis  xij.li.,  pro  factura  ferramenti  circa  tumulum  Re- 
ginae, apud  Westmonasterium,  Ix.s. 

Charringe.       Item,  Rogero  de  Crundale,  die  Lunae  proxima  ante  festimi 

Sancti  Edwardi  Regis,  ad  opera  Crucis  de  La  Charringe,    xiiij.li. 

Crux.  Item,  Magistro  Willielmo  de  Hibemia,  eodem  die,  in 

perpacationem  pro  factura  virgae,  capitis,  anuli  et  imaginum 
ad  Crucem  Norbamtonae,  et  etiam  pro  factura  virgae,  capitis, 
et  anuli  Crucis  Lincolniae,  vj.  marc. 

Donum.  Item,  Johannae  filiae  Domini  Roberti  de  CaumTiUe,  in 


132 

perpacationem  x.  marc,  de  dono  executorum  Reginae,  pro 
anima  ejusdem,  xliij.s.  iiij.d. 

Imagines.  Item,  Willielmo  Sprot  et  Johanni  de  Ware,  in  perpaca- 
tionem xxxj.li.  et  viij.d.,  pro  miUe  et  septingentis  libris 
metalli,  centena  tenente  quinquies  viginti  et  xij.  lib.,  pretii 
lib.  iiij.d.,  pro  iij.  imaginibus  de  metallo  faciendis, 

xxj.li.  xiiij.s.  viij.d. 

Crux.  Item,  Johanni  de  Bello,  in  partem  solutionis  pro  Crucibus 

de  Sancto  Albano,  Dunstable,  Woburne,  Stonistratforde  et 
Norhamtona  faciendis,  Ix.li. 

Crtbx.  Item,  eidem  Johanni,  in  perpacationem  pro  meremio  ad 

schaffoud  ad  Cnicem  Norhamtonse,  et  pro  virga,   capite, 

et  imaginibus  ejusdem  Crucis  ibidem  assidendis,  vj.li.  iij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  eidem  Johanni,  ad  operationes   calceti  extra  Nor- 

hamtonam,  Ix.s. 

[Item,  Johanni  de  La  Launde,  in  partem  solutionis  xxv. 

marc,  prsedicto  Johanni  coram  Magistro  R.  de  Ivingho  et 

sociis  suis  adjudicatarum,  pro  arreragiis  cujusdam  annul  red- 

ditus  quinque  marc,  de  manerio  de  Langedone  debiti,  et  per 

ministros  ejusdem  Reginae  per  quinque  annos  detenti, 

xij.  marc,  et  di.]' 
Per  litteram,  de  toto,  inferius. 

Charringe.       Item,  Rogero  de  Crundale,  ad  operationes  Crucis  de  La 

Charringe,  xx.li. 

[Item,  Isabellae  de  Bassingburne,  in  partem  solutionis 
denariorum  in  quibus  Dominus  ei  tenetur,  c.s.l' 

Crux.  Item,   Magistro  Michaeli   de    Cantuaria,    cimentario,  in 

partem  solutionis  ccc.li.,  pro  factura  Crucis  de  Chepe,  xl.  marc. 

EmendcB.  Item,  Gilberto  Rectori  capellse  de  Totele,  per  manum 

Johannis  de  Coleby  attornati  sui,  pro  dampnis  sibi  iUatis 
per  ministros  Reginae,  et  sibi  per  auditores  querelarum  ad- 
judicatis,  x.  marc. 

>  Cancelled  in  MS. 


133 


Item,  firatri  Roberto  Priori  de  Kenilleworthe,  pro  dampnis 
sibi  adjudicatis  pro  ejecfione  manerii  de  Tatelintone,  xl.s, 

Crux.  Item,  Rogero  de  Crundalle,  cimentario,  in  perpacationem 

omnium  debitorum  de  arreragiis  debitis  quibuscumqne  ope- 
rariis  de  Cruce  de  Clianinge,  exceptis  operariis  operantibus 
ad  tachiam,  ante  mortem  Magistri  Ricardi  de  Crundalle, 
super  v.'"'  tupV  xxiiij.li.  x.s.  vij.d. 

Charringe.       Item,  eiderii  Rogero,  ad  operationes  Crucis  de  Charringe, 

liij.s.  et  x.d, 
Item,  Rogero  de  Crundale,  ad  opera  Crucis  de  Charringe, 
in  festo  Apostolorum  Symonis  et  Judae,  xxij.li.  xiiij.s 

Item,  eodem  die,  WOlielmo  Canon,  in  perpacationem  pro 
marmore  ad  gradus,  pro  Cruce  de  Charringe,  Ivj.s. 

Donum.  Item,  Aliciae  de  Neutimbre,  de  dono  executorum  Reginae, 

pro  servitio  suo  dum  stetit  in  obsequio  ejusdem,  xx.  marc. 

Charringe.       Item,  Roberto  Le  Blound,  in  perpacationem  xv.li.,  pro 
marmore  ad  Crucem  de  La  Charringe, 

Crux.  Item,  Magistro  Alexandro  Imaginatori,  in  partem  solu- 

tionis 1.  marc,  pro  factura  x.  imaginum  pro  Crucibus  Re- 
ginae, 

Expense.         Item,  Hostiario  de  Recepta,  pro  saccis  ad  denarios  inpo- 
nendos,  de  tempore  R.  de  Kancia, 

Item,  eidem  Hostiario,  pro  eodem,  de  termino  Sancti 
Michaelis,  anno  xxj.""",  xj.d. 

Donum.  Item,  WiUielmo  de  Frollebyria,  nomine  Johannee  uxoris 

ejus,  de  dono  executorum,  pro  servitio  suo  dum  stetit  in 
obsequio  Reginas,  x.li. 

Donum.  Item,  Thomae  de  Caumville,  de  gratia  executorum,  pro 

anima  ipsius  Reginae,  in  perpacationem  xx.  marc,  v.  marc. 

Emenda.  Item,   Rogero   de   Caumville,  pro  quieta-clamatione  ij. 

marc,  redditus  de  manerio  de  Westerham  facienda,        xx.  marc. 
Item,  eidem  Rogero,  pro  arreragiis  ejusdem  redditus,  di.  marc. 


c.s. 


c.s. 


r.d. 


tupos  i 


134 


c.s. 


c.s. 


Donum.  Item,  Egidio  Le  Coutepointer,  de  gratia  executorum, 

pro  servitio  suo  dum  stetit  in  obsequio  Reginse, 

Cruic.  Item,  Magistro  Willielmo  de  Hibernia,  imaginatori,  in 

partem  solutionis  xxv.  marc,  pro  factura  quinque  imaginum 
pro  Crucibus  Reginae, 

[Cituc.]  Item,  Johanni  de  BeUo,  ad   opera  Crucium  de  Sancto 

Albano,  Dimestable,  Wobume  et  Stonistratforde,  xx.li. 

Solutio.  Item,  Hugoni,  quondam  hostiario  garderobee  Reginae,  in 

partem  solutionis  vadiorum  suorum,  pro  custodia  rerum 
apud  Turrim  Londoniae,  xx.s. 

Legatum.  Item,  Henrico  de  la  Mote,  per  manmn  Domini  G.  Ferrer, 
de  legato  Reginse,  die  Sabbati  proxima  post  festum  Sancti 
Martini,  xxvj.li.  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Crux.  Item,  Magistro  Michaeli  de  Cantuaria,  ad  operationes 

Crucis  de  Chepe,  xx.  marc. 

Legatum.         Item,  Domino  Guidoni  Ferre  juniori,  de  legato  Reginse,    c.li. 

Expem<B.  Item,  Johanni  Dymmoke,  hostiario  de  Scaccario  Regis,  • 

pro  sumonitionibus  et  brevibus  portandis  diversis  locis,    di.  marc. 

Donum.  Item,  die  Mercurii  proxima  ante  festum  Sancti  Eadmundi 

Regis,  Nicholao  de  Stalham,  in  perpacationem  xx.  marc,  de 
dono  executorum,  pro  servitio  quod  fecit  Reginse,  x.  marc. 

Imagines.         Item,  eofllem  die,  Magistro  Thomse  de  Hocghtone,  inge- 

niario,  pro  operationibus  lingneis  circa  tumulum  Reginse,   xxx.s. 

Charringe.        Item,    Rogero  de  Crundale,   ad   operationes   Crucis    de 

Charringe,  in  festo  Sancti  Clementis,  liiij.s. 

Crux.  Item,  eidem  Rogero,  nomine  Roberti  Le  Blund,  eodem  die, 

pro  iiij."^  lapidibus  de  marmore,  xl.s. 

Emenda.  Item,  Gunnorse,  quae  fuit  uxor  Eustachii  Toucher,  de 

Nova  Foresta,  pro  dampnis  sibi  adjudicatis,  coram  R.  de 
Ivyngho  et  sociis  suis,  etc.,  ratione  detentionis  dotis  suee, 
per  manum  Petri  de  Lemingtone,  xx.  marc,  xiiij.d. 

Elemosina.  Item,  fratribus  de  ordine  Sancti  Augustini  apud  Leo- 
mynstre,  per  manum  P.  Mallore,  per  prseceptum  Domini  de 
Berewyke,  c.s. 


135 


Donum  per      Item,  die  Veneris  proxima  post  festum  SanctsB  Katerinae, 
Regem.     executoribus  Domini  Mauricii  de  Credone,  per  manum  Sy- 

monis  de  Blaunde,  cc.  marc 

Emencke.  Item,  Johanni  de   La  Launde,  per  manum   Willielmi 

Sauvage,  in  perpacationem  xxv.  marc,  per  breve  Regis,  sibi 
adjudicatarum  coram  Magistro  R.  de  Ivyngho,       xrj.li.  i.  marc. 

Expemce.         Item,  pro  canabo  ad  fenestraUas  ad  Scaccarium  Reginse, 

apud  Westmonasterrum,  iij.d. 

Emendm.  Item,  Alicise  de  Tynten,  pro  dampnis  sibi  adjudicatis,  per 

executores  Reginse,  pro  quodam  stangno  levato  in  Nether- 
lym,  xxiiij.li. 

Crux.  Item,  Magistro  Michaeli  de  Cantuaria,  in  partem  solu- 

tionis ccc.li.,  pro  factura  Crucis  de  Chepe,  xx.  marc. 

Tumba.  Item,  Magistro  Thomse  de  Leghtone,  fabro,  pro  ferra- 

mento  circa  tumulum  Reginae  faciendo,  in  partem  solutionis 
xij.  marc,  Ix.s. 

Emendce.  Item,  Domino  Henrico  de  Urciaco,  militi,  pro  dampnis 

suis   de   marisco    de  Kyngesmor,   sibi    adjudicatis   coram 
Magistro  R.  de  Ivyngho,  xj.li. 

Item,  Johannse  quae  fuit  uxor  Roberti  de  CaumviUe,  pro 
dampnis  suis  quae  sustinuit  occasione  amotionis  de  ma- 
nerio  de  Westerham,  et  pro  cataUis  suis  in  eodem  manerio 
inventis,  xxxij  .li . 

Donum.  Item,  Johanni  de  Langele,  ad  opus  Johannae  uxoris  suee, 

de  dono  executorum  Reginae,  pro  servitio  suo  dum  stetit  in 
obsequio  ejusdem  Reginae, 

Solutio.  Item,  Waltero  de  Sturtone,  pro  rebus  ab  eo  emptis  ad 

opus  Reginae,  per  manum  R.   de  Bures  tunc  gardrobarii 
Reginae,  xl.s 

ExpenstB.         Item,  pro  portagio  iij.  coffirorum  cum  libr'  cerico,'  apud 

Turrim  Londonias,  xiiij.d 

Legatum.         Item,  Magistris  universitatis  Oxoniae,  in  perpacationem 


c.s. 


cum  libris  [«?]  cerico  .< 


136 

cc.  marc,  de  legato  Reginse,  per  manum  Magistri  Ricardi 
de  Bradele,  c.  marc. 

m.  2.  Emendce.         Item,  Cristianse  de  Enefeud,  per  raanus  Eustachii  val- 

letti  sui.  pro  omnibus  demandis  remittendis  Reginse,     xx.  marc. 
Donumper       Item,   Domino    WiUielmo   de   Monte   Caniso,   de   Ed- 

Regem.      wardestone,  per  manum  Michaelis  de  Typelonde,  c.  marc. 

Bonum.  Item,  Johanni  de  Horstede,  quondam  balliYO   Reginae, 

de  dono  executorum,  pro  servitio  suo  dum'  stetit   [cum] 
Regina,  '^•^• 

Item,  Rogero  de  Walecote,  quondam  ballivo  Reginae,  de 

dono  executorum,  pro  eo'dem,  xx.  marc. 

EmendcB.         Item,  Alberto^  de  Bytlesdene,  pro  pastura  in  manerio  de 

Tornestone  Regi  vendita,  et  data  monachis  de  Westmonas- 

terio,  pro  anima  Reginae,  x.  marc. 

Expenses.        Item,  pro  percameno  empto,  ad  rotulos  et  brevia  Reginas, 

de  eodem  termino,  vij-s.  viij.d. 

Item,  in  expensis  R.  de  Middeltone  et  W.  Peleryn  eun- 
tium  de  Cantuaria  usque  Londoniam,  in  septimana  Natalis 
Domini,  pro  libris,,  videlicet,  Psalteriis  et  Horis,  qucerendis, 
ad  opus  Regis,  et  reportandis  eidem  apud  Cantuariam,  cum 
locatione  equorum  et  aliis  sumptibus  per  viam,  vij-s. 

In  expensis  eorundem  Londoniee,  per  unam  noctem,  ij.s.  vj.d. 
EwpenscB.         Item,  Thomse  Le  Romeyn,  pro  cxx.  lib.  ceree,  ad  cereos 
faciendos  circa  cor  Reginse,  apud  fratres  Prsedicatores  Lon- 
donise,  in  aniversario  Reginae,  Ixxvij.s  vj.d. 

Summa  totalis  hujus  termini,  dcccc.i."'  xii.** 


'  cum,  in  MS. 


2  Alberti,  in  MS. 


13/ 


LiBERATIONES    PEO     ReGIXA    CoxsORTE,    DE     TeKMIXO 

Saxcti  Hillarii,  axxo  regni  Regis  Edwahdi  xxii'^". 


ExperiMS. 


Solutio. 


Crux. 


Solutio. 


Erpensce. 


Crujc. 


EmendcB. 


Videlicet,  pro  duabus  cedulis,  continentibus  indulgen- 
tias  diemm,  pro  anima  Reginse  per  diversos  praelatos  con- 
cessas,  scribendis  et  perficiendis,  xl.s. 

Item,  Adse  Cissori  Regis,  pro  iiij.  pannis  de  russeto,  octo 
furraturis  de  minuto  vario,  octo  fiirraturis  de  grosso  vario, 
et  viij.  caputiis  de  minuto  vario,  emptis  per  eundem  ad 
opus  Reginae,  et  missis  eidem  dum  vixit  apud  Mount 
More'  in  Bieme,  per  manum  Domini  H.  Le  Galeys,  xlv.li. ; 
de  quibus  in  vigUia  Purificationis  liberabantur  praedicto 
Henrico,  xxv.li. ;  et  residuum  solvetur  eidera  in  Quindena 
Paschae  proximo  ventura. 

Item,  Willielmo  de  Hibemia,  in  perpacationem  xxv.  marc, 
pro  factura  quinque  imaginum  ad  Crueem  de  Xorbamtona, 
per  manum  propriam,  rj.li.  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  die  Dominica  proxima  post  festum  Purificationis 
Beatae  Mariae  Virginis,  Rogero  de  Assberugge,  clerico, 
quondam  de  capeUa  Reginae,  pro  expensis  quas  fecit  in  ca- 
pelia  Reginae,  ut  in  reparatione  omamentorum  capellae, 
emptione  clavorum,  cordarum,  portagio  ad  diversa  loca,  et 
aliis  minutis,  iiij.s.  x.d. 

Item,  Roberto  BaUivo  de  Langele,  ad  semen  et  alia 
emenda  apud  Herdewyke,  xl.s. 

Item,  in  percameno  empto  pro  rotulis,  etc.,  xiiij.d. 

Item,  die  Veneris  proxima  post  octavas  Purificationis 
Beatae  Mariae  Virginis,  Johanni  de  BeUo,  cementario,  ad 
operationes  Crucium  de  Sancto  Albano,  Dunstaple,  Wou- 
bume  et  Stonistratforde,  1.  marc. 

Item,  die  Mercurii  proxima  post  festum  Sancti  Valentini, 


'  Mont-RIaurin  ? 
T 


138 


Dominis  Radulfo  de  Stanforde  et  Hugoni  Tripaty,  execu- 
toribus  Domini  N.  quondam  Wintoniensis  Episcopi,  in 
perpacationem  m^^.  marc,  quas  recuperaverunt  coram  R.  de 
Ivyngho,  etc.,  cxxvj.li.  i.  marc. 

Tumulus.  Item,  die  Veneris  proxima  ante  festum  Sancti  Petri  in 

Cathedra,  Rogero  de  Crundale,  pro  marmore  ad  operationes 
faciendas  apud  Lincolniam,  circa  viscera  Reginse, 

xxxvj.s.  viij.d. 

Charringe.       Item,  eodem  die,  eidem  Rogero,  ad  operationes  Crucis  de 

Charringe,  xl.s. 

Crux.  Item,  eodem  die,  Johanni  de  Bello,  cementario,  ad  ope- 

rationes calceti  de  Norhamtona,  x.li. 

Tumulus.  Item,    die    Dominica    sequente,    Magistro    Thomae    de 

Leghtone,  in  partem  solutionis  xij.li.,  pro  factura  ferramenti 
circa  tumidum  Reginse,  xx.s. 

Item,  die  Mercurii  sequente,  eidem  Thomse  de  Leghtone, 
in  perpacationem  xij.li.,  pro  factura  ferramenti  preedicti,  et 
pro  cariagio  ejusdem  a  Leghtone  usque  Londoniam,  et  ex- 
pensis  prsedicti  Thomee  et  hominum  suorum  morantium 
Londonise  ad  idem  ferramentum  ponendum  [et]  locandum 
juxta  tumulum  prsedictum,  vj.li. 

Charringe.  Item,  die  Veneris  sequente,  Rogero  de  Crundale,  cemen- 
tario, pro  marmore  empto  ad  Crucem  de  Charringe,  per 
manum  ejusdem,  xlj.s.  viij.d.  oh. 

Emend(s.  Item,  die  Sabbati  sequente.  Priori  de  Brackele,  per  manum 
Domini  Alexandri  de  Neuport,  pro  quadam  pastura  quam 
idem  Prior  clamat  in  Turnestone,  quod  nunc  est  in  manu' 
Prioris  et  Conventus  Westmonasterii,  de  dono  Regis,  im- 
perpetuum  remittenda,  c_s. 

Emendes.  Item,   Thomse    de    Bykenhulle,    per    manum    ejusdem 

Alexandri,  pro  arreragiis  cujusdam  annul  redditus  xx.s.. 


manum  in  MS. 


139 

qui  ei  aretro  fiiit  per  quatuor  annos,  de  manerio  de  BoioUe 

in  Ardeme,  de  tempore  Reginse,  per  iiij"'.  aimos,  iiij.li. 

Item,  die  Martis  ante  diem  Cinerum,  Priori  de  Wenlake, 
ad  opus  Domini  Otonis  de  Grandisono,  in  recompensationem 
manerii  de  Schenlee,  xv.li.  xiiij.s. 

Charringe.       Item,  Rogero  de   Crundale,  cementario,  ad  operationes 

Crucis  de  Charringe,  xlv.s. 

Expensm.         Adee  Aurifabro  Domini  Regis,  pro  operationibus  quibusdam 

faciendis  ad  opus  super  quosdam  Hbros,  "^-li-  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Pro  feodis^  Receptorum,  de  tribus  terminis  ultimo  prae- 
teritis,  videlicet,  termino  Trijiitatis  anno  xxj""".,  et  terminis 
Sancti  MichaeUs  et  Sancti  HUlarii  pradictis,  utroque  eorum 
percipiente  xx.li.  per  annum,  xxx.li, 

Summa  hujus  termini  Sancti  HiUarii,  cc.iiii'^''ii.".  ob.  probatur. 
Summa  summarum  ]     ,,  k\       n  s   „ 

Im".  C.IIII      .III."-  XII.'.  OB. 

totius  hujus  rotidijj 

'  feodo  in  MS. 


APPENDIX. 


There  is  an  entry  on  paffe  11.0  of  a  payment  of  thirty-nine  shillings  for  a  cup  purchased 
and  given  "  cuidam  menestrallo  Regis  CampanicB."  The  King  alluded  to  was,  it  is  presumed, 
a  King  among  minstrels  only,  and  the  minstrel  so  liberally  rewarded  one  of  his  retainers. 

In  illustration  of  this  fact,  of  the  gradations  of  rank  among  the  minstrels  of  the  thir- 
teenth century,  and  of  the  rewards  bestowed  upon  them,  the  following  highly  valuable  roll 
is  now  for  the  first  time  printed.  It  is  preserved  among  the  records  in  the  custody  of 
the  Queen's  Remembrancer,  and  contains  the  names  of  the  minstrels  who  played  before 
King  Edward  the  First  at  the  Feast  of  Whitsuntide,  A.D.  1306,  when  he  held  a  cour 
plenihe  at  Westminster,  and  also  at  the  New  Temple,  London,  because  "  the  royal  palace, 
although  large,  was,  nevertheless,  small  for  the  crowd  of  comers ;"'  and  conferred  the 
honour  of  knighthood  upon  his  son  Prince  Edward  and  a  great  number  of  the  young 
nobility  and  military  tenants  of  the  crown,  who  were  summoned  to  receive  it,  preparatory 
to  the  King's  expedition  into  Scotland  to  avenge  the  murder  of  John  Comyn  and  the 
revolt  of  the  Scotch. 

This  document  may  serve  also  to  elucidate  the  points  disputed  by  Dr.  Percy  and  Joseph 
Ritson,  respecting  the  country  and  dignity  of  the  minstrels  who  frequented  England  in 
early  times.  "  In  the  reign  of  Edward  I.,  it  seems,  a  multitude  of  minstrels  are 
expressly  mentioned  to  have  given  their  attendance  in  his  court,  at  the  solemn  act  of 
knighting  his  son.  This  is  sufficiently  credible,  but  will  by  no  means  prove  them  to  have 
been  Englishmen."^  It  will  be  observed  that  Ritson's  suspicion  was  correct ;  there  can 
be  no  reasonable  doubt  but  that  many  of  the  persons  named  in  this  roll  were  Frenchmen. 
He  is  less  fortunate  in  a  subsequent  assertion  :  "  as  to  dignity,  it  is  pretty  clear  they 
never  had  any  to  lose  :"3  here  Dr.  Percy  has  clearly  the  advantage  of  his  antagonist,  for 
the  roll  distinctly  separates  the  commonalty  of  minstrels  from  the  Kings  and  more  eminent 
performers;  the  remuneration  given  being  proportioned  to  the  rank  of  the  indivi- 
duals. 

1  See  an  account  of  the  ceremonies  in  Matthew  of  Westminster ;  Ed.  Francof.,  1601,  p.  454. 

2  Observations  on  Minstrels,  prefixed  to  Ritson's  Ancient  Songs  and  Ballads,  &c.  vol.  i.  p.  x.  ed. 
1829.  "  Ibid.  p.  xiv. 


141 


SOLUTIO     FACTA    DIVERSIS    MeNESTRALLIS     DIE    PenTECOSTES 

ANNO  xxxiiii*"-  [A.D.  1306.] 


Le  Roy  de  Champaigne 

Le  Roy  Capenny 

Le  Roy  Baisescue 

Le  Roy  Marchis 

Le  Roy  Robert 

Phelippe  ide  Caumbereye 

Robert  le  Boistous 

Gerard  de  Boloigne 

Bruant 

Northfolke 

Carltone 

Maistre  Adam  le  Boscu 

Devenays 

Artisien 

Lucat 

Henuer 

Le  menestral  Mons.  de  .Montmaranci 

Le  Roy  Druet 

Janin  Le  Lutour 

Gillotin  le  Sautreoiir 

Gillet  de  Roos 

Ricard  de  Haleford 

Le  Petit  Gauteron 

Baudec  le  Tabourer 

Ernolet 

Mahu  qui  est  ove  la  dammoisele  de  Baar' 

Jaain  de  Brebant 

Martinet  qui  est  ove  le  Conte  de  Warwike' 

Gauteron  le  Grant 

Le  Harpeur  Levesque  de  Duresme 


cuilibet   v.   marc. ;    summa, 
xvj.li.  i.  marc. 


Ix.i-. ;   summa,  Ix.s. 

I  cuilibet  iiij.  marc;  summa, 
c.vj.b.  viij.d. 

►  cuilibet  xl.s. ;   summa,  iiij.li. 
^-cuilibet  xx.?.  ;  summa,  Ix.s. 


;  cuilibet XXX. s. ;  summa, iiij.li. 

[X.S.] 


cuilibet  xl.s. ;  summa  xxvj.li. 


'  Guy  de  Beauchamp,  ninth  Earl  of  Warwick,  ob.  1315. 

'  Eleanor  Countess  of  Bar,  second  daughter  of  Edward  the  First. 


142 


Guillaume  le  Harpour  qui  est  ove  le  Patriarke' 

Robert  de  Clou 

Maistre  Adam  de  Reve 

Henri  le  Gigour 

Corraud  son  compaignon 

Le  tierz  Gigour 

Gillot  le  Harpour 

Johan  de  Newentone 

Hugethun  le  Harpour  lour  compaignon 

Adekin  son  compaignon 

Adam  de  Werintone 

Adam  de  Grimmeshawe 

Hamond  Lestivour 

Mahuet  qui  est  ove  Mens,  de  Tounny 

Johan  de  Moclielneye 

Janin  Lorganistre 

Simond  le  Messager 

Les  ij.  Trumpours  Mons.  Thomas  de  Brothertone'' 

Martinet  le  Taborour 

Richard  Rounlo 

Richard  Hendelek 

Janin  de  La  Tour  son  compaignon 

Johan  le  Waffrer  le  Roy 

Pilk' 

Januchel 

Gillot 

Le  Nakarier 

Le  Gitarer 

Merlin 

Thomasin,  Vilour  Mons.  Le  Prince 

Raulin  qui  est  ove  le  Conte  MareschaP 


cuilibet    ij.    marc.  ;    summa 
xxj.li.  di.  marc. 


>Trump 


ours  Mons.  Le  Prince 


1  Anthony  Bek,  Bishop  of  Durham  and  titular  Patriarch  of  Jerusalem. 

2  Thomas  de  Brotherton,  fifth  son  of  Edward  the  First,  afterwards  Earl  of  Norfolk. 
•>  Roger  Blgod,  Earl  of  Norfolk,  Earl  Marshal,  ob.  1307. 


143 


cuilibet  j.  mare. ;  surama  xl. 
marc. 


Esvillie  qui  est  ove  Mons.  Pierres  de  ISIaule 

Grendone 

Le  Taborer  La  Dame  de  Audham 

Gaunsaillie 

Guillaume  sanz  maniere 

Lambyn  Clay 

Jaques  Le  Mascun 

Son  compai^non 

Mahu  du  North 

Le  menestral  ove  les  cloches 

Les  iij.  nienestraus  Mons.  de  Hastinges 

Thomelin  de  Thounleie 

Les  ij.  Trompours  le  Comte  de  Hereforde^ 

Perle  in  the  eghe 

Son  compaignon 

Janyn  le  Sautreour  qui  est  ove  Mons.  de  Percy 

Les  ij.  Trumpours  le  Comte  de  Lancastre' 

Mellct 

Henri  de  Xushom 

Janyn  le  Citoler 

Gilliame 

Fairfax 

Monet 

Hanecocke  de  Blithe 

Summa  totalis, — cxiiij.li.  x.s. — Et  issi  demoerent  des  cc.  marc,  pur  partir  entre  les 
autres  menestraus  de  la  commune, — xviij.li.  xvj.s.  viij.d. — Et  a  ceste  partie  faire  sunt 
assigne  Lc  Roy  Baisescu,  Le  Roi  ^larchis,  Le  Roy  Robert,  et  Le  Roy  Druet,  Gauteron 
le  Graunt,  Gauteron  le  Petit,  Martinet  le  VUour  qui  est  ove  le  Conte  de  Warewike,  et 
del  hostiel  Mons.  le  Prince,  ij.  serjantz  darmes  .  .      clerke. 

[Five  lines  of  which  only  a  few  words  are  legible.] 

Richard  le  Harpour  qui  est  ove  le  Conte  de  Gloucestre 
Wauter  Bracon  Trounpour 


J 


cuilibet  xx.s.  ;  summa  iiij.li. 


'  Peter  de  Mauley,  first  baron  by  wTit  of  that  name,  ob.  1310. 

-  Humphrey  de  Bohun,  Earl  of  Essex  and  Hereford,  Lord  High  Constable,  ob.  1321. 

'  Thomas,  second  Earl  of  Lancaster,  nephew  of  Edward  the  First. 


144 


Wauter  le  Trounpour 
Johan  le  Croudere 
Tegwaret  Croudere 
Geffrai  le  Estiveur 
Guillot  le  Taborer 
Guillot  le  Vileur 
Robert  le  Vilour 
Jake  de  Vescy 
Richard  Wlietacre 

A  ceux  xj.,  por  touts  la  comuue,  xvii.li.  iiii.s.  viii.d. 

Denarii  dati  Menestrallis. 


Vidulatori  Domiuae  de  Wak' 

Laurentio  Citharistse 

Johanni  du  Chat,  cum  Domino  J.  de  Bur' 

Mellers 

Parvo  Willielmo,  Organistse  Comitissae  Herefordise 

Ricardo  de  Quitacre,  Citharistse 

Rlcardo  de  Leylonde,  Citharistae 

Carleton  Haralde 

Gilloto  Vidulatori  Comitis  Arundelliae 

Amekyn  Citharistae  Principis 

Bolthede 

Nagary  le  Crouder  Principis 

Matheu  le  Harpour 

Johanni  le  Barber 

ij.  Trumpatoribus  J.  de  Segrave 

Ricardo  Vidulatori  Comitis  Lancastriae 

Johanni  Waffrarario  Comitis  Lancastriae 

Sagard  Crouther 

William  de  Grymesar,'  Harpour 

Citharistae  Comitissae  Lancastriae 

ij.  Menestrallis  J.  de  Ber[wyke] 

Henrico  de  Blida 

Ricardo  Citharistae 

William  de  Duffelde 

V.  Trumpatoribus  Principis,  pueris,  cuilibet  ij.s. 


v.s. 

di.  marc. 

di.  marc. 

v.s. 

v.s. 

di.  marc. 

di.  mare. 

v.s. 

di.  marc. 

v.s. 

v.s. 

v.s. 

v.s. 

v.s. 

di.  marc. 

v.s. 

xl.d. 

xl.d. 

xl.d. 

xl.d. 

xl.d. 

xl.d. 

xl.d. 

-Ld. 

x.s.  in  toto. 


145 


iiijof.  Vigil'  Regis,  cuilibet  di.  marc. 

Adinet  le  Harpoiir 

Perote  le  Taborer 

Adae  de  Swylingtone  Citharistee 

David  le  Crouther 

Lion  de  NormanvUle 

Gerardo 

Ricardo  Citharistse 

Roberto  de  Colecestria 

Johanni  le  Crouther  de  Salopia 

Johanni  le  Vilour  domini  J.  Renaude 

Johanni  de  Trenham,  Citharistae 

Willielmo  Woderove,  Trumpatori 

Johanni  Citharistae  J.  de  Clyntone 

Waltero  de  Brayles 

Roberto  Citharistae  Abbatis  de  Abbyndone 

Galfredo  Trumpatori  domini  R.  de  Monte  Alto 

Richero  socio  suo 

Thomae  le  Croudere 

Rogero  de  Corieye,  Trumpatori 

Audoeno  le  Crouther 

Hugoni  Daa  Citharistae 

Andreae  Vidulatori  de  Hor' 

Roberto  de  Scardeburghe 

Guilloto  le  Taborer  Comitis  Warre\vici 

Paul'  MenestraUo  Comitis  Marescalli 

Matheo  Waffraris  domini  R.  de  Monte  Alto 

iij.  diversis  menestrallis,  cuilibet  iij.s. 

Galfrido  Citharistae  Comitis  Warrenniae 

.Matill'  Makejoye 

Johanni  Trumpatori  domini  R.  Filii  Pagani 

Adae  Citharistae  domini  J.  Lestraunge 

Reginaldo  le  Menteur,  Menestrallo  domini  J.  de  Buteturt 

Perle  in  the  Eghe 

Gilloto  Citharist»  Domini  P.  de  Malo  Lacu 

Roberto  Gaunsillie 

Jackc  de  Vescy 

Magistro  Waltero  Leskirmissour  et  fratri  suo,  cuilibet  iij.s. 


ij.s. 

xij.d. 

ij.s. 

xij.d. 

ij.s. 

iij.s. 

xij.d. 

xij.d. 

ij.s. 

ij.s. 

ij.s. 

xij.d. 

xij.d. 

ij.s. 

ij.s. 

ij.s. 

xij.d. 

ij.s. 

ij.s. 

xij.d. 

iij.s. 

iij.s. 

ij.s. 

ix.s. 

ij.s. 

xij.d. 

xij.d. 

xij.d. 

xij.d. 

xij.d. 

x.s. 

xl.d.  Item,  xl.d. 

di.  marc. 

TJ.S. 


''■:1 


THE    EXPENSES 

OF 
OF 

STOKE  BY  NEYL.\ND, 

AFTERWARDS 

DUKE  OF  NORFOLK; 

FROM 

November,  A.  D.  1462,  to  July,  A.D.  1469. 


EXPENSES 

OF 

&c. 
From  A.D.  1462  to  A.  D.  1469. 


A.D.  1462.        Thys  wrytyngemade  the  [thryd]'  seconde  3ere  off  Kjmge  Edward  [off]  the 
°  ■  fforthe  and  the  v.  day  off  Novembre,  witnessythe  what  dettys  is  owynge  my 

mastyr  Sj^  John  Howard  off  the  duke  off  NorffoUse.'' 

In  primis,  my  mastyre  and  Thomas  Howe  are  bowndyne  ffor  my  sayd 
lord  off  Norffoike  to  my  lord  off  Cawnterbury  and  to  my  lord  off  Esex,  Ix.li. 

Item,  my  mastyre  lent  my  seyd  lord  off  hys  own  att  Broke warffe*  when 
he  rode  Northward,  xl.  marc. 

Item,  in  gere  bout  ffor  my  lord  fferst  delyveryd  the  vij.  day  off  Novembre, 
ffor  iiij.  3erdys  and  di.  off  roset  to  John  Lee,  pryse  le  3erde  v.s., 

summa,  xxij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  the  same  Lee  ffor  my  sayd  lord  ffor  a  3erd 
and  di.  off  tawny,  vj.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  ffor  makjTige  off  a  jaket  off  crymysyn  clothe  ffor  my  sayd  lord, 

ij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  lynynge  to  the  sayd  jaket,  xij.d. 

Item,  ffor  makynge  off  a  long  gown  and  lynynge  the  slevys,  ij.s. 

'  Words  printed  between  crotchets  are  struck  out  in  the  original. 
-  John  Mowbray,  the  last  Duke  of  Norfolk,  of  that  name,  ob.  1475. 
'  Broken  wharf,  in  Thames  Street ;  adjoining  which  was  the  residence  of  the  Duke 
of  Norfolk.— ftrype"*  Stow,  Book  3,  p.  217. 


150 

A.  D.  1462.        Item,  payd  ffor  makynge  off  a  short  gown  off  roset,  xx.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  iij.  jerdys  off  blakkeffryce,'  ij.s.  ob. 

Item,  payd  ffor  makynge  off  my  lordys  tawny  cloke  lynyd  wyth  velvet,  xvj.d. 
Item,  payd  ffor  makynge  off  a  jaket  off  the  Kyngys  levery,  xx.d. 

Item,  ffor  lynynge  to  the  same  jakett,  xij.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  browderynge  off  a  kloke,  xvj.d. 

Summa, — ^xliiij.s.  iiij.d.  ob. 

Item,  payd  to  John  Frawnseys  ffor  to  pay  to  John  Kooke  ffor  ffurynge 

off  my  lordys  longe  gowne,  viij.s.  ix.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  a  new  tronke  ffor  my  lord  whych  was  delyvared  to  Willyam 

offWardrope,  x.s. 

fol.  1.  b.         Item,  my  mastyre  payd  ffor  a  whyte  bonett  for  my  lord,  xvj.d. 

Item,  my  mastyre  payd  ffor  iij.  3erdis  off  blakke  velvet,  xxxiij.s. 

Item,   delyvaryd  to  WiUyam   off  Wardrope  ffor  stoffe   ffor   my  lordys 

doblett,  xx.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  a  peyr  coshewis^  ffor  my  lord,  x.s. 

Item,  deljrveryd  to  my  lordys  own  armorere  ffor  hys  costys  be  the  way,  xx.d. 

Item,  ffor  a  bonett,  xvj.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  a  horsse  to  Rogere  Tego,  xxx.s. 

Item,  payd  ffor  a  daggere  ffor  my  sayd  lord,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  xvj.  day  off  Novembre  payd  to  a  messangere  off  the  Kynggis 

att  Grantham  callyd  Curteys,  xx.d. 

Summa, — iiij.  li.  xvj.s.  vij.d. 

Item,  gaff  to  a  chyld  that  sange  beffore  my  lord,  iiij.d. 

A.D.  1462-3.      Item,  delyveryd  to  Swansey  to  goo  on  a  erand  off  my  lord,  the  xxvij.  day 

off  Jenever,  at  Bury,  vij.  .  . 

Item,  delyveryd  to  my  lordys  foteman  that  lay  seeke  att  D\iram,         xx.d. 

,  Item,  payd  to  a  chyld  off  Yipswyche  that  brout  vesselles  to  Framyngham* 

on  Candellmesse  evyn,  viij.d. 

Item,  my  maystyr  cam  ffro  Stokeneylond  toward  Framyngeham  the  last 

day  off  Jenevere  to  my  sayd  lord  off  Norffolke  and  ther  he  lay  tylle  thy 

V.  day  off  Feverere,  and  he  spent  be  the  wey  and  there  by  my  lordys 

comawndment,  xxxvij.s.  vj.d. 

'  Black  frieze.  '■'  Sic.  '  Framlingham. 


151 

A.  D.  1463.        And,  my  sayd  lord  desyryd  hym  so  to  do  at  hys  cost. 

Item,  the  same  tyme  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  my  lord  a  sygnet  off  goold, 
pryse,  xx.s. 

Item,  my  lord  owythe  my  mastyr  ffor  hys  gowne  off  cremysyn  velvett, 

ix.li.  vij.s. 

Item,  he  owyth  ffor  the  forer  off  the  same  gowne,  x.li. 

foi.  2.  Item,  he  owyth  my  mastyr  ffor  vij.  horssis  mete  wille  he  was  owt  wyth 

hym,  as  itt  peryth  be  Thomas  Howys  bokys  tresorere,         viij.li.  xij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyre  lent  to  ray  sayd  lord  be  the  way  homeward, 

xvj.U.  xiijs.  iiij.d. 

'[Item,  my  sayd  lord  owyth  my  mastyr  ffor  his  halff  }er  ffee  at  Estyr  last 
past,  xx.h.] 

Item,  my  mastyr  lent  to  my  sayd  lord  at  Thetfforthe^  the  second  day  off 
Marche,  ^-j.  marc. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Badokke  carpentere  be  my 
lordys  comawndement,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  to  Nycolas  Melyngton   [carpenter]  with  my  sayd 
lorde  be  hys  comaundement,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  ffor  the  ton  di.'  off  the  dynnere  at  the  Mermayde,* 
be  my  lordys  comawndement,  xiiij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Thomas  Yonge,  man  off  law,  be  my  lordys  comawnde- 
ment, vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  lent  my  lord  off  Norffolke  the  xxij.  day  off  Marche,  to 
pay  hym  that  told  hoo  robbyd  Broke  ^Miafaw,'  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Sawmsam  the  xxiij.  day  off  Marche   ffor  to  bye  a 
rosett  goun  ffor  my  lord,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Yonge  aboveseyd  ffor  hys  ij.  dayis 
labore  att  the  Whyte  Frerys*  ffor  my  lordys  matyre,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  same  day  ffor  part  off  my  lord  Cromwellys  costys  and  my 
lord  Audeley  at  the  same  \Miyte  Frarys,  xxiiij.s. 

Item,  the  sam  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Persyvale  one'  hys  wagys  be  the 
handys  off  Thomas  Howe,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

'  Cancelled.       »  Thetford.        3  One  half.      *  In  Fleet  street.       «  Broken-wharf  hall  ? 
°  The  White  Friars,  near  the  Temple.  '  i.  e.  on  account  of. 


152 

A.D.  1463.        Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  be  my  lordys  commawndement  wen 
he  rode  owt  off  London  to  Gela  the  sorgon,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  my  sayd  lord  owyth  my  mastyr  ffor  a  pype  off  new  Gaskyne  wyne 
wyche  my  sayd  mastyr  sent  hym  the  weke  beffore  Estyre  the  thryd  3ere  off 
Kynge  Edward,  v.li. 

Item,  the  Wednysday  [next  beffore  Estyr]  next  beffore  Estyre  day  my 
mastyr  delyveryd  to  Willyam  Salow  at  Thetfforthe  to  ffynd  wyth'  my  lordys 
howsold,  xl.s. 

Item,  my  mastyre  toke  to  Hew  Austynys  man  ffor  to  take  to  Willyam  off 
Wardrope  to  brynge  home  my  lordys  gardevyence  ffiro  London,  •  rj.s.  viij.d. 
Summa, — Ixxxiiij.li.  xiij.s.  vj.d. 

And  thys  beffore  wretyn  is  besyde  the  costys  that  my  mastyre  spente  whan 
my  lord  sent  ffor  hym  to  Thetfford.     Wesche  drew^  xl.s. 

Item,  the  thryd  3ere  off  Kynge  Edward  and  on  Estyr  Evyn  my  sayd  lord 
sent  to  my  mastyre  be  Persyvale  a  lettre  to  lene'  hym  ffor  to  ffynd  wyth 
the  housold,  the  wiche  my  mastyre  sent  the  same  day  be  Persyvale, 

viij.  marc. 

Item,  the  xviij.  day  off  Aprylle  my  mastyre  toke  to  the  sayd  Percyrale 
ffor  hys  costys  ffor  comynge  off  my  lordys  message,  ij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  alowyd  hys  fermour  off  Freffeld"  ffor  otys 
that  he  toke  to  my  lordys  stable  and  ij.'  my  ladyis  att  Thetfford,       v.s.  x.d. 

Item,  the  viij.  day  off  May  my  mastyre  delyveryd  to  Morkere  ffor  my 
lordys  howsold,  xl.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  delyveryd  to  Persyvale  to  here  to  Thomas 
Howys  place,  to  my  sayd  lord,  iiij.  marc. 

Item,  the  xxj.  day  off  May  my  mastyre  delyveryd  to  Morkere  at  London 
to  bye  vytalls  ffor  my  sayd  lordys  howsold,  xx.s. 

Item,  the  xxvij.  day  off  May  my  mastyre  delyveryd  to  the  sayd  Morkere 

ffor  stuffe  ffor  my  lordys  howsold,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

foi.  3.  Item,  my  mastyr  be  my  lordys  comawndement  payd  the  viij.  day  off 

June  ffor  a  pyke  ffor  my  sayd  lord  borne  to  Thomas  Hoys  place,  xvj.d. 

'  i.  e.  wherewith. 

^  All  passages  printed  in  italics  are  in  the  writing  of  Sir  John  Howard. 

^  Lend.  "  Fressingfield,  Co.  Suffolk.  «  Sic,  for  to. 


153 

A.  D.  1463.        Item,  the  ix.  day  off  June  my  mastyre  delyveryd  to  my  sayd  lordys  own 
handys  att  London,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  x.  day  of  June  my  mastyre  delyveryd  to  Thomas  HyUe  ffor 
stuffe  ffor  my  sayd  lord  at  London,  yj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyre  lent  to  my  lady  off  Norffolke  be  the  handys  off 
Braham,  the  xvj.  day  off  July,  ffor -to  pay  ffor  her  costys  homward  ffro 
London,  xxxiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  xxiij.  day  off  June  my  mastyre  delyveryd  to  Morkere  and  Cley 
ffor  my  lord,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  5ere  afforeseyd  and  the  xxiiij.  day  off  Jime  my  mastyre  sent  to 
my  lord  to  Framyngeham  a  pype  off  Gaskyn  wyne,  the  pryse  is  v.li. 

Item,  the  iiij.  day  off  Jully  my  mastyre  rode  to  Framyngham  and  was  owt 
vj.  dayis,  and  ther  he  spent  in  alle,  lij.s.  iij.d. 

Item,  the  vij.day  off  JuUy  my  mastyre  lent  my  lord  to  pay  to  hys  spycere' 
at  London,  xx.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  lent  hym  to  pay  ffor  wyne  att  Trussys, 

vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyre  lent  my  seyd  lord  to  take  Thomas  Hyll  ffor  to  bye 
ffetherys  in  Norffolke,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  hym  ffor  hys  costys,  xx.d. 

Item,  my  mastyre  payd  at  Donwyche  ffor  a  samon  ffor  my  sayd  lord,  xx.d. 

Item,  my  mastyre  payd  the  xj.  day  off  Jully  at  Yipswyche  ffor  ij.  tonns  off 
Spanyshe  wjme  ffor  my  seyd  lord,  xvj.  marc. 

Summa, — xxxv.h.  vj.s.  v.d. 
foi.  3  b.  Item,  the  xxx.  day  of  Julie  my  mastyre  lent  to  my  lord  off  Norffolke, 

vj.li.  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

The  wyche  my  sayd  mastyre  delyveryd  to  Rawffe  Asheton  at  the  Kynggys 
Hedde  in  Fyshstret,''  my  sayd  lord  beyng  present  at  the  same  place  afor- 
seyd  ;  and  ther  sowpyd  with  hym  Syre  WiUiam  Peche. 

Item,  my  mastyre  delyveryd  to  Sawnsam  att  the  CardenaUys  Hatt  ffor 
my  sayd  lord,  iij-h.  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyre  delyveryd  to  John  Davy  to  ryde  on  my  lordys  arend  to 
Kenenhale,*  xvj.d. 

'  Grocer.  "  London.  '  Kenninghall,  Co.  Norfolk. 

X 


154 

A.D.  1463        Item,  my  mastyre  spent  at  Yipswych  and  att  Framyngham  the  same  tyme, 

ix.s.  iij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  delyreryd  the  xxvj.   day  off  August  to  Fewl'am  at 

Jebyswysche*  at  Reschard  Felawyshowe^  ffor  my  lord  off  Norfolke,    x  marc. 

Item,  delyveryd  the  same  day  to  Aslak  ffor  my  lord  off  Norffolke,  v.  marc. 

Item,  the  xxj.  day  off  Septembyr  my  mastyre  toke  to  Rychard  Ferore  to 

ryde  on  my  lordis  arend  to  the  Abote  off  Bury,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  fryday  next  afftyr  Myhelmesse  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  my 

sayd  lord  at  Framyngham  to  pay  to  a  lyme  brenner  ffor  lyme,       vj.s.  viij.d.  ■ 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Robart  Martyne  to  pay  to  a 

carpenter  to  amend  a  chawmbre  off  my  sayd  lordys,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

And  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  John  Jamys  ffor  makynge  clene  off  a 

chaumbre,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  payd  ffor  a  gyde  to  gyde  Portelonde  my 

lordys  drapere  to  Longe  Stretton,*  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  delyveryd  to  Rechard  Ferore  to  ryde  to 

Yipswyche  on  my  lordys  arend,  iiij.d. 

Summa,  xsoj.li.  vij.s.  vij.d. 
foi.  4.  Item,  the  iiij.  day  off  Octobre  my  mastyre  toke  to  Percyvale  ffor  my 

sayd  lord,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

And  the  same  day  my  mastyre  was  bowndyn  ffor  my  sayd  lord  to  Por- 
telond  draper  off  Norwych  in  an  oblygacon  ffor  cloth,  in  an  c.h. 
Off  the  wiche  my  mastyre  had  a  quetawnce  off  l.li. 

And  the  same  day  my  mastyre  sent  to  ray  lord  to  Framyngham  a  fodyr 

and  di.  off  leede,  pryse  vij.li.  x.s. 

Item,  payed  for  my  lord  to  the  clerkes  of  the  synet''  for  a  letter  to  hes 

tenauntes  of  the  Holte,'  ,        vj.s.  viij.d. 

Some,  viij.li.  iij.s.  iiij.d. 
Item,  my  mastyr  sold  to  my  lord  of  Norfolke  a  schene"  of  gold  weyyng 
xix.  ownsys  and  half  a  ownsce,  th6  prise  off  every  owns  xxx.s.,  and  ffor  the 
fasyon  [of  the  ffasyon]  of  the  same  schene,  v.  marc. ;  and  yt  was  delyveryd 

'  Ipswich.  ^  Felawys  house.  '  Long  Stratton,  Co.  Norfolk. 

^  Signet.  *  Holt,  Co.  Denbigh.  e  Chain. 


155 

A.  D.  1463.   to  my  lordys  owne  handys  the  iij.  yer  of  the  Kyng  the  xxx.  day  of  Octobre 
at  the  castelle  of  Holte. 

Summa,  xxxij.H.  xj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  the  same  day  and  lent  to  my  lord,       v.  marc. 

Item,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  the  'sayd  xxx.  day  be  my  [mastj^r]  lordes 
cumaundment  to  Wellyem  of  the  Wardrop  ffor  to  bye  wyth'  velvet  ffor  to 
kuyrwyth^  my  lordes  swyrd  wyth'  and  ffor  kosschennys,*  xxiijj.  iiij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  a  goldsmeyt  of  Schestre  the  sayd  day  be 
my  lorddys  cumaundment,  -  xx.d. 

Item,  to  Tomas  Welemys  for  to  bye  lokkys  and  boltys  ffor  my  lorddys 
schambre  the  same  day,  xv/.d. 

Some, — v;.  marke,  xiij.s. 

To  remember  I  ad  of  my  lord  that  dede  is  "iafe  me  infe  at  the  Holte  be  jere, 

xx.U. 

And  so  I  have  onpayd  at  thes  taste  Melcelmes  fore  iiij.  'jere,  Ixxxdi.^ 

The  some  drawe  be  at  Mekelmes  laste  posed,  iiij.  hondered  li.  and  iij.  shore 
li.,  viij.li.  xiij.s.  j.d. 
foi.  4.  b.         And  the  ij.  day  of  November  I  toke  to  the  tresorere  and^  Tokley  at  the  Holte 
fore  my  lordes  howsold  in  mony,  iiij.  marke. 

Items,  payd  of  heme  therof — 

And  the  same  day  I  delyverd  to  my  lord  heme  selfe,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

The  wesche  he  }afe  to  is  koke,  master  Stanford,  tail  he  was  seke. 

Jteme,  I  moste  be  alowed  of  the  tresorer  fore  xij.  day es  fore  \nie  and]  xvj. 
horse  and  men,  fore  man  and  horse  day  and  nyte,  viij.d. .  the  some  drawethe 
ix.  marke,  viij.s. 

And  fore  Persyval  and  is  horse  fore  xij.  dayes,  mij.s. 

And  I  kame  to  the  Holte  the  xxv.  day  of  Hoketober  and  the  nexte  Throday 
I  payd  fore  al  my  lordes  menes  dyner  at  Wrokessame/  xv.s.  x.d. 

And  the  iij.  day  of  November  I  toke  to  Metekalfe  to  ryde  wethe  to  the 
Kerigefore  my  lordes  meschage,  iij.s,  iiij.d. 


•  i.  e.  therewith.  "  cover  with.  '  Sic,  *  cushions. 

'  This  entry  is  printed  exactly  as  written  :  the  words  "  gafe  me  "  and  "  payd  "  are 

interlined.  °  Sic.  '  Wrexham,  Co.  Denbigh. 


156 

A.D.  1463.        And  the  same  day  I  foke  Heles^fore  is  kostes  fore  to  ryde  on  my  lordes 

meschage  to  the  dene  of  Zorke,  «#'•*•  iiij-d. 

And  the  same  day  I  delyverd  to  Hachete  be  my  lordes  bedenge,     iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Some, — xj.li.  xxij.d. 
And  the  same  weke  above  vrreten  I  toke  my  lord  before  the  tresorer  to  pley 
at  gardes,'^  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  I  sente  heme  the  same  weke  be  Welyem  Doke,  to  pley  at  gardes,^ 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 

foi.  5.  And  the  adj.  day  of  November  I  toke  to  the  lorde  Stanley  is  berward/  be 

my  lordes  bedenge,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Thomas  Hylle,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  mastyr  Stawnford  had  off  my  mastyr  be  the  hande  off  my  lord, 

yj.s.  viij.d. 
Item,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Cley  for  howsold,  xx.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  lent  to  Jphn  Cokson  the  xvj.  day  off  Desembre, 

V  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyre  lent  Doke  the  same  day,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  lent  John  Davy  off  my  lordys  howse,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  Emunde  off  the  Ewery  the  same  day,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  viij.  day  off  Desembre  payd  to  Cley  ffor  ho'wsold,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 
Item,  delyveryd  be  the  tresorere  byddynge  to  Nycollas  Ratclyffe,  ix.s. 
Item,  the  ix.  day  of  Desembre  delyveryd  to  Cley  ffor  howsold,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 
Item,  lent  to  Thomas  off  chambre,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Metecalffe  att  ij.  tymis  to  ryde  on  my  lordys  message, 

xx.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  gaffe  be  my  lordys  comaundement  to  a  mason  off  the 

Abote  of  Chestre  that  cam  to  se  my  lordys  worke  at  Holt,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  delyveryd  to  Morkere  ffor  safferon  ffor 

my  lord,  v.s. 

Item,  lent  to  Fynche  the  same  day  att  Chestre,  xx.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  Thomas  Grey  the  xvj.  day  off  Desembre  be 

my  lordys  beddynge,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

'  Ellit.  ^  Sic.  '  bearward. 


10/ 


A.  D.  1463. 


Item,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Nycholas  a  Medylton  the  same  day, 

xiij.s.  iiij.d. 
Item,  my  mastyre  delyveryd  to  John  Kookeson  the  same  day,  vj.s.  Tiij.d. 
And  so  he  hath  hadd  in  aUe,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Doke,  rj.s.  viij.d. 

And  so  he  hath  hadd  in  aiRe,  x.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  mastyr  toke  to  Edmund  Grenhakeres,  tj.s.  Tiij.d. 

And  so  he  hath  hadd  in  alle,  x.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastjrr  toke  to  the  sayd  Grenhakeres,  ffor  to  take 

to  Stampe,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  the  sayd  Grenhakeres  ffor  to  take 

to  Rechard  Herrysonys,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mjistyr  toke  to  John  Kokeson  ffor  to  take  to 

John  Davy,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

And  so  he  hath  recejrdd  in  all,  x.s. 

viij.li.  xvij^. 

■fol.  5.  b.  Item,  the  sam  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Doke  ffor  to  take  to  Willyam  off 

Wardroppe,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Mon3rton,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  John  Alfford  the  sam  day,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Paston,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

,  Item,  my  mastyr  payd  to  hym  in  emest  that  schuld  make  my  ladys  cloke, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 
Item,  payd  ffor  my  lord  to  the  here  ward,  ' 

Item,  payd  ffor  iij.  bowis  more  ffor  the  hynsmen,  ' 

Item,  the  xvij.  day  off  Desembre  my  mast3nre  toke  to  my  lorde  to  take  to 
Nycollas  Percy,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  toke  to  Thomas  a  Chambre,  x.s. 

And  so  he  hath  had  in  alle',  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  toke  Thomas  Hylle,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  so  he  hath  in  alle,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

>  Blanks  in  MS. 


158 

A.  D.  1463.        Item,  the  same  day  delyveryd  to  Robyn  a  Kechyn,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Thomas  a  Sqwelery,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 
Item,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  mastyre  Stamford  the  same  day,  x.s. 

And  so  he  hath  in  alle,  xvj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  xviij.  day  off  Desembre  my  mastyr  toke  to  my  lord,    vj.s.  viij.d. 
Item,  the  xx.  day  off  Desembre  my  mastyr  payd  to  Robert  ThurstyUe  Davy 
Fererys  man,  ij-s. 

For  the  caryinge  off  a  payre  off  organs  ffrom  the  Grey  Freris  to  the  water 
and  I  payd  hym  ffor  the  caryinge  home  be  water,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  toke  to  John  a  Ratclyff,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  toke  to  Alysaundre,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  toke  to  John  Barber,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  toke  to  Rechard  Herryson,        iij.s.  iiij.d. 
And  so  he  hath  hadde,  x.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  hath  take  to  Metecalffe  and  to  Hyller,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyre  toke  to  Felbryge  att  ij.  tymys,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  my  mastyre  must  take  ffor  Persyvale  horsemete. 
And  ffor  Fynchys  horse  mete. 
And  ffor  hys  own  horsse  mete. 

Summa  totalis,  vj.li.  xv.s.  iiij.d. 
foi.  6.  Item,  the   same   xx.   day  off  Desembre  my  mastyre  toke  to  Herry  a 

Pantre.  ' 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  toke  to  Umfrey  off  Pantry  v.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  toke  to  Rechard  Ferrer,  ' 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  ffor  ffusten  ffor  my  lord  ffor  to  make  doblettys  off 
ffence  conteynynge  Ix.  3erdys,  xxv.  .  .  . 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  toke  to  Morkere,  xiiij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  so  he  hath  ressevyd  in  halle,  xiiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Jermyn,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  toke  to  WiUyam  off  Wardroppe,  vj.s.  viij.d. 
And  so  he  hath  hadde  hadde^  in  aUe,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 
Item,  the  same  day  my  mast]^  toke  to  Rechard  Ferere,  vjs.  viij.d. 

'  Blanks  in  MS.  =  Sic. 


4C3. 


fol.  6.  b. 


\.  D.  1463-4 


159 


Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  toke  to  Herry  off  Pantrye,         tj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  toke  to  Herry  off  Pantry  ffor  to  take  Davy 
off  Botry,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  toke  to  Robyn  off  Kechyn,         iij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  so  he  hath  hadd  in  all,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  xxj.  day  off  Desembre  my  mastyre  toke  to  Lawrence  Ferclew, 

vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Kingestrethe  off  the  Seler,         v.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  ray  mastyre  toke  to  Metecalffe,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  mastyr  Robart  Hope,     vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  on  Krestemesse  eryn  my  mastyre  toke  to  Kolle  Trumpett,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Cley  on  Crystemasse  day  ffor  to  fynd  in 
the  howsold,  vj.  s.  .  .  . 

Item,  the  same  day  att  evyn  my  mastyre   sent  to  Cley  the  clerke  off 
Kechyn  be  the  hande  off  Wyllett  to  delyvj^  to  the  catore,  x.s. 

tj.li.  XV.S. 

Item,  my  mastyre  lent  the  cowntroller  on  Seynt  Thomas  day  ffor  to  take 
to  the  catore,  x.s. 

Item,  the  nexte  day  my  mastyre  toke  the  cowntroller,  beffore  my  lady,  to 
take  the  catore,  xx.  s. 

Item,  on  Neweris'  [day]  evyn  my  mastyr  toke  to  John  a  Ratclyffe  to  ryde 

tf>  speke , w >  Ih  J^eiueniaE^ "^  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

[.    )^4i%,i9y  maatyikprf^iyiH  I^emerstonis  man  ffor  my  lord,  xij.d. 

>  tlmiri,(jii]tm«st7rey  i|iilir^  mylordys  byddynge  the  nexte  morow  affiter 

Iffevfcr  tt|t»  my  hdyb  graw  adamys  harpere  that  dweUyth  in  Chestre, 

■^^-  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  toke  the  catore  before  Lenthorppe  and 
the  cowntroller  in  the  halle,  xx.s. 

Item,  the  same  tyme  beffore  Lentthorp  my  mastyre  to  the  gromys  off 
chambre  ffore  reshis,^  x^j.d. 

Item,  the  thryd  day  off  Jenever  my  mastyre  toke  the  cator  before  the 
cowntrollere,  xxx.s. ' 

'     New  Year's  Eve.  "  rushes. 


160 

A.  D.  i4f3-4.       Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Rechard  Ferore  ffor  to  bye  stuffe 
to  make  wyldffyre,  '  xx.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Thurstone  to  pay  iFor  there  costys,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastjrre  delyveryd  to  my  lord  a  new  jaketfc  oif 
purpyUe  that  was  made  fFor  my  mastyr  and  theron  was  ij.  3erdys  and  di.,  and 
the  3erde  coste  xvj.s.  yiij.d.,  and  itt  is  spanne'  new,  the  some  is,    xlj.s.  viij.d. ' 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  delyveryd  to  my  lord  iij.  3erdys  off  newe 
blakke  velvett,  the  prise  a  3erde  x.s.,  summa,  xxx.s. 

Item,  the  v.  day  off  Jenever  my  mastyre  payd  to  Rowdone  to  pay  the 
chandeler  that  ffynd  my  lordys  candyllis,  xx.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Page  Yeman  off  Chambre 
and  to  Metecalffe  messangere  off  my  lorde  to  ryde  on  his  arand,  the  t^n  to 
Syr  John  Bromley  and  the  todyr  to  Perse  off  Wardylton,  iij.s,  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  xij.li.  gonnepowdyr  the  wich  Richard  Ferore  hath,       xij.s. 

Item,  payd  ffor  caryage  off  the  stoffe  ffro  Chestre  to  Holtt  and  ffro  Holtt 
to  Chestre,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Summa  totalis, — x.li.  iij.s. 
foi.  7.  Item,  the  saterday  the  vij.  day  off  Jenever  my  lord  rode  owt  ....  to 

afftyr  mydny3tte  into  Walys  to  seke  Hanmere,  and  he  was  owt  ....  dayis 
havynge  the  numbre  off  xij.  c.  men ;  and  my  lord  payd  ....  alle  ther  costys 
whylle  he  was  owt ;  and  these  be  the  parsellys  that  my  mastyre  leyd  down 
as  folwyth  ;  J|^«^"#^MMI9W ^iittfe^M- 

Item,  fferst  my  mastyre  lent  to  John  Sermyn^fegS^jjgMS^Krlvj.sii  Viij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  John  Frawnces  and  LajHBBlcl^  talf^e  to  ■  Whyte^f 
Uhyrche^  on  my  lordys  arende,  '^^fmrnSHif^ffj^^*^'^  xx;d.  ^ 

JVhyztcherche.      Item,  my  mastyre  payd  to  Geffrey  Gythynys  men  as  it  peryth  TBe  'His^ 
taylis,'  xxiij.  s. 

Item,  my  mastyre  payd  att  the  same  towne  to  Kevereston  ffor  costys  off 
hys  ffeleshyppe  as  itt  peryth  be  a  bylle,  iij.li.vj.s.vj.d. 

Item,  my  mastyre  payd  att  the  same  towne  to  Syre  John  off  Bromley  ffor 
costis  off  hys  men,  xxx.s. 

Item,  the  sayd  Syre  John  off  Bromley  axid  ffor  mei;i  off  hys  that  cam  in 
the  mornynge  aftyr  the  rekenynge  was  made  at  the  same  towne,     iij.s.  vij.d. 

/  '  Sic.  2  Whitchurch,  Salop.  3  tallies. 


161 

A.  D.  1463-4.       Item,  the  costis  at  my  lordys  in,  and  in  odir  place,  rekenyd  be  the  cown- 

troUer  drew,  xxxrj.s. 

And  ther  off  my  mastyre  toke  the  cowntroller,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  the  remenawnt  is  owynge  to  the  good  men  off  the  howse. 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  ffor  hys  costis  and  mastyre  Thomas  Wyndffordys 

and  ffor  ther  men  m  his  ynne,  vj.s.ix.d. 

Maipas.'  Item,  the  next  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  att  Malpas  to  the  cowntroller, 

xxxiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Hewett  ffor  his  costys  and  his 

feleshyppe  off  Whytecherch  on  both  dayis,  xxix.s.  xj.d. 

Item,  the  costis  off  Syre  John  Bromley  Kevereston  and  GjSyn  ffor  them 

\l^'f^  and  all  here  men  drew,  xj.  marc,  iij.s. 

/i  The  wich  summa  my  mastyr  delyveryd  before  the  steward  to  Braham  to  pay 

,-,-.-.-.1..  them. 

And  afflyr  the  same  rekenynge  Keverstonys  men  came  and  askyd  more 

wiche  was  onrekenyd  as  thei  seyd,  ^-j-s.  viij.d. 

Item,  Bromleyis  men  axid  more  in  lykewyse,  iiij.  s. 

Item,  my  mastyre  payd  the  same  day  to  ix.  men  that  made  scotewache^  on 

horse  bakke,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyre  payd  ffore  costys  att  hys  ynne  and  att  a  nothere  ynne 

ffor  hym  and  aUe  the  gentelmen  that  soped  ther  att  evyn  and  djmyd  ther  in 

the  momynge,  and  also  ffor  the  costys  off  a  gentylman  callyd  Mannerynge 

and  all  his  men ;  •  some,  xiiij.s.  iij.d. 

"^'^  •  Item,  my  mastyre  toke  to  Kevereston  and  Gethyn  ffor  ther  costys  hom- 

ward  ffor  them  and  her "  men,  xl.s. 

4  Summa  totalis,  xxiij.li.  iiij.d. 

And  I  rekyne,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 
foi.  7.  b.  Item,  my  mastyre  toke  to  Syre  John  a  Bromley  ffor  my  lord  a  perce,*  prise, 

xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  a  rynge,  prise,  ^-s-  viij.d. 

Item,  the  x.  marce  that  was  delyveryd  off  my  mastyr  Howardys  mony  to 

Metcalffe  at  Yipswyche  be  the  handys  off  Rechard  Felaw  theroff  Metcall= 

and  Studle  hadd,  xxvj.s.  viij.d. 

'  Co.  Chester.  » scout-watch.  '  Sic.  '  purse.  '  Sic. 

Y 


162 

A.  D.  14C3-4.      ^^  gyj.g  willyam  Peche,  viij.  marce,  summa,  x.  marce. 

The  wich  x.  marce  Thomas  Hoo  is  become  detor  to  my  sayd  mastyre 
Howard. 

'[Item,  the  xx.  day  ofiF  Desembre  payd  ffor  ffastyen  att  Chestre  ffor  my 
lord,  xxij.s.  viij.d.] 

'[Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  to  Morkere  ffor  safferon,  v.s.J 

Item,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Thomas  Hylle  to  goo  on  my  lordvs  arend 
to  Chestre,  viij-d. 

And  I  delyveryd  to  my  lord  xaAj.  day  of  Janever  fore  to  by  sehetes  fore  the 
scheldrene  of  the  schapel,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

And  the  nexte  day  I  delyverd  to  Haselaker  fore  my  lorde,  xij.d. 

And  I  leyd  dowen  at  Schester  the  same  tyme  fore  my  ladyis  kostes  in  mony 
delyverd^  Tomas  Weleuse,  xiij.s.iiij.d. 

And  for  my  kostes  ther,  vj.s.  iij.d. 

And  payd  to  the  feryman  fore  my  lady  and  fore  al  heres,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  payd  to  theferrymanes  wyffe  be  my  ladyes  bedengefor  drenke,         xij.d. 

And  I  delyverd  to  Davy  Kator  the  same  day  for  to  by  m^te  fore  my  lord,  xviij.d. 

And  I  lente  my  lord  the  xxiij.  day  of  Janever,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

And  my  lord  most  alowe  me  for  a  gowenfor  Thrope,  viij.s. 

And  the  iiij.  ^ere  of  the  Kenge  and  on  Mekelmes  day  at  Norwestche  ^  Tomas 
Lancaster  borowedofme  in  my  lordes  name,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Some,  xj.li.  vijs.  vij.d. 
foi.  8.  Item,  the  v*  yere  of  Kynge  Edward  the  iiij"*  and  the  xviij.  day  of  May 

A.  D.  1465. 

my  mastyre  made  Robart  of  Stoke  and  Rechard  Felaw  of  Yipswych  to  be 
bound  for  hym  to  Stalbroke  marchaunt  of  London  in  xl.li.,  and  theroff  to 
be  paid  at  Seynt  Berthelmew  day  next  comynge  xx.li.,  and  at  Myhelmesse 
next  folwynge  odre  xx.li. ;  wich  xl.li.  was  in  damaske  for  my  lorde  of  Nor- 
ffolke,  and  he  must  acount  to  my  mastyr  therfore. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  becam  suerte  and  paid  for  my  sayd  lord 
for  xij.  yerdys  and  di.  of  fyne  crymysyne  engreyned,  pryse  the  yerde  xv.s. 

summa,  ix.h.  vij.s.  yj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  paid  and  becam  suerte  for  my  said  lord 
'  These  entries  are  cancelled.  ^  to.  ^  Norwich. 


163 

A.  D.  1465.    for  XXV.  yerdcs  and  di.  of  fyne  cremyson,  prise  the  yerde,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

summa,  xxv.  marc. 

Item,  the  yere,  a  hove  said  and  the  xx.  day  of  May  my  mastyre  delyverd 

fFor  my  said  lord  to  Crystoffer  Foster  ij.  3erdys  off  crymyson,  prise  the 

yerde,  ...  

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  delyverd  to  Edmimd  Grenacrys  ij.  5edes' 
pryse  the  yerde  .  .  .  iiij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  delyverd  to  John  Davy  ij.  yerdis,  iiij.s.  viij.d. 
Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  delyverd  to  John  Kokeson  ij.  yerdys, 

iiij.s.  viij.d. 
Item,  the  same  day  my  mast3?re  delyverd  to  Percyvale  ij.  yerdys,  iiij.s.  viij.d. 
And  to  all  these  persones  a  hove  wretyn  was  delyverd  in  aUe  x.  yerdes  and 
a  quarter,  the  summa  totalis,  xlvij.s.  x.d. 

/  have  payd  it.^ 
Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Thomas  Welym  ij.  yerdes  and 
a  quarter,  pryse  the  yerde  v.s.,  summa,  xj.s.  ij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  WiMyam  Page,  ij.  }erdes. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Herry  Foster,  ij.  3erdes. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastjT  delyverd  to  John  Alford,  ij.  jerdes. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  John  Stampe,  ij.  yerdes. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  John  Rechard,  ij.  }erdes. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Thomas  Golson,  ij.  3erdes. 
Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Lowe  Rycheborth,  ij.  yerdes. 
Item,  the  same  day  my  masbiT  delyverd  to  WUlyam  Jonson,  ij.  3erdes. 
Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  John  Payne,  ij.  yerdes. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  deljT^erd  to  Ryehard  Swan3ey,      ij.  3erdes. 
Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Ryehard  Herryson,    jj.  3erdes. 
The  some  of  alle  drawyth  of  this  clothe,  yj.li.  xv.d. 
Jnd  I  have  al  payd  it. 
foi.  8.  b.  Item,  to  remember  thar  howethe  me  fore  fereme  of  my  mel^  onpayd,   .... 

Smythe. 
Item,  Smythe  that  was  some  time  my  fermor  of  Stanstrete  howethe  me  mor 
than  xj.li. 

'  Sic.  '  Written  by  Sir  John  on  the  margin.  ^  Mill. 


164 

A.  D.  1465.  j%gg  yjrytenge  mad  the  v.  ^ere  of  the  Kenge  and  the  laste  day  of  Aperel, 
wetenes  that  I  have  solde  to  Tomas  Zonge  of  Hereswesche^  iij.  shore  quarteres 
wete  that  John  Helle  ad  of  myn,  fore  xiij.li.in  mony  and  apype  wyen;  and  fore 
the  mony  he  is  bowenden  to  pay  me  at  Hester^  nexte  Icomhenge  he  hoblygasyon. 

M*.  that  my  mastyre  axke  of  the  Kenge  the  swannes  that  were  Gyles 
Seynclowes  the  weche  that  one  Townes  of  Norwyche  hathe.  Dobbes  hathe 
my  wrytenge  to  kepe  that  the  Kenge  made  me  and  I  have  the  swanes. 

M^.  my  lady  Marget  the  Kynges  syster  owyth  my  mastyre  vij.  yerdes  of 
wygth  sarsenet  for  ij.  shertes. 

M^.  my  mastyr  delyverd  to'  Strawnge  the  xj.  day  of  June,  to  delyver  to 
John  DobbySj  the  warant  that  the  Kynge  hath  gyff  to  my  master  for  the 
swannes  that  were  Gyles  Seynclowes. 
foi.  9.  Item,  the  v""  yere  of  Kynge  Edward  the  iforthe  and  the  xxij.  day  of  May 

my  mastyre  delyverd  to  iny  lord  of  Norifolke  at  Brandonnes  Place'  in  Soth- 
werke,  xlj.  yerdes  and  iij.  quarteres  of  crymeson  engreyned,  pryse  the  yerde, 

x.s. 
The  some  off  aUe  drawyth  * 

Item,  the  next  day  my  mastyre  delyverd  be  my  said  lordes  comaundement 
to  the  person  of  Framyngham,  of  crymyson  engreyned,  iiij.  3erdys. 

Item,  to  Ser  Rechard  Derby  prest,  of  the  ,same,  iiij.  yerdes. 

Item,  to  Robard  Cley  of  the  same,  iiij.  3erdes. 

The  some  of  every  yerde,  x.s. 

Summa, — vj.U. 
Item,  my  mastyre  delyverd  at  a  noder  tyme  to  Dykon  Cookeson  of 
crymeson  owt  of  greyn,  ij.  yerdes,  prise  the  yerde,  v.s. 

Item,  to  John  Bryse  of  the  same,  ij,  yerdes. 

Item,  to  Thomas  Hylle  of  the  same,  ij.  yerdes. 

Item,  to  Elys  of  the  same,  ij.  yerdes. 

Item,  to  Roger  Goswyn  of  the  same,  ij.  yerdes. 

Item,  to  Robard  Cooke  of  the  same,  ij.  yerdes. 

Summa  totalis, — iij.U. 

'  Harwich.  ^  Easter. 

^  The  residence  of  the  family  of  Brandon.  *  Blank  in  MS. 


165 

A.  D.  1465.  Item,  the  yere  above  said  and  the  xxiiij.  day  of  May  my  mastyre  delyverd 
be  my  said  lordys  comawndment  to  the  tresorerys  clerke  called  Robart 
Throstell  sent  to  my  master  be  the  sayd  tresorer,  of  crymyson  engreyned 
pryse  the  yerde,  x.s.,  xvij.  yerdes. 

Summa, — ^Lx.li.  x.s. 

YVheroffe  was  delyverd  to  Joys  of  the  same,  ij.  yerdes. 

Item,  to  Ser  Gylbert  Debenham  of  the  same,  ij.  yerdes  j.  quarter. 

Item  to  John  Tymperley  of  the  same,  ij.  yerdes  j.  quarter. 

Item,  to  Umfi-ey  Blonte  of  the  same,  ij.  yerdes  j.  quarter. 

Item,  to  Johan  Lawley  of  the  same,  ij.  yerdes  j.  quarter. 

Item,  to  Rychard  SothweUe  of  the  same,  ij.  yerdes  j.  quarter. 

Item,  to  Marten  Mercer  of  the  sam,  ij.  yerdes  j.  quarter. 

Item,  to  James  Hoberd  of  the  sam,  ij.  yerdes. 

Item,  my  mastyre  delyverd  to  the  said  Throstell  for  hymselffe  of  crymysen 
owt  of  greyn,  prise  the  yerde  v.s.,  ij.  serdes. 

Summa  totahs, — x.li. 
fol.  9.  b  Item,  the  xxiiij.  day  of  May  my  mastyre  lent  to  my  said  lord  of  NorflFolke 

whan  he  lay  at  the  stewe,  xx.s. 

Item,  the  xxv.  day  of  May  my  mastyre  delyverd  to  Thomas  Lancaster  for 
my  said  lorde,  xl.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  be  my  sayd  lordys  comaundement 
to  the  hande  of  Thomas  Hoo  ij.  yerdes  of  fiyne  crymysen  engreyned  for  the 
lord  Lyle,  pryse  the  yerde  xiij.s.  iiij.d.,  summa,  xxyj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyre  delyverd  the  same  day  be  the  commaundement  of  my 
lord  and  a  fore  Thomas  Hoo  at  Broke  WarflF  to  Robart  Bernard  ij.  yerdys 
of  fyne  crymysen  engreyned,  pryse  the  yerde  xij.s.,  summa,  xxiiij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  delyverd  to  Ser  Umfirey  Talbott  be  my  lordys  co- 
maundement ij.  yerdes  of  fyne  crymysen  engreyned  prise  the  yerde 
xiij.s.  iiij.d.,  summa,  xxrj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  delyverd  to  Nicholles  Percy  be  the  comaundement  of 
my  lord,  ij.  yerdes  of  crymysen  engreyned,  pryse  the  yerd,  x.s., 

summa,  xx.s. 

Item,   the  same  day  delyverd  be    my  lordys   comaundement  to  John 


166 

A.  D.  1465.     Goodwyne  scynner,  ij.  yerdes  and  a  quarter  of  cremysen  engreyned,  prise 
the  yerde  x.s.,  summa,  xxij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  sent  to  Thomas  Hoo  be  the  handes  of 
Wyllyam  Fernewale,  iiij.  yerdes  of  cremysen  owt  of  greyne  for  ij.  yemen, 
prise  the  yerd  v.s.,  summa,  xx.s. 

Item,  delyverd  to  Robart  Thorpe  ij.  3erdes  of  cremysen  engreyned, 
pryce  the  yerd  x.s.,  summa,  xx.s. 

Item,  delyverd  to  Robart  Cooke  ij.  3erdes  of  cremysen  owt  of  greyn,  the 
prise  of  the  yerde,  v.s.,  summa,  x.s. 

Item,  the  ferst  day  of  June  my  mastyre  delyverd  to  Lawrence  Ferclow  be 
my  lordys  comaundement  of  fyne  cremysen  engreyned, 

ij.  3erdes  and  a  quarter. 

The  pryse  of  a  yerde  x.s.  iiij.d.,  comme,'  ^ 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  be  my  lordes  comaundement  to 
Wyllyam  Hanmer  of  the  same  cremysen,  ij.  yerdes. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  deUverd  to  Rechard  Folmerston  of  the 
same  cremysen,  ij.  yerdes  and  a  quarter. 

The  some  of  the  iij.  gownes  drawyth  in  aUe,         •  iij-h.  vij.s.  ij.d. 

foi.  10.  Item,  my  mastyre  delyverd  the  same  ferst  day  of  June  be  my  lordys 

comaundement  to  Robart  Takell,  to  Robart  Folmarston,  and  to  John  Warde 

vj.  yerdes  and  iij.   quarters   of  cremysen  owt  of  greyne,  prise  the  yerde 

iiij.s.  x.d,,  summa,  xxxij.s.  vij.d.  ob. 

Item,  the  iiij.  day  of  June  my  mastyre  delyverd  to  Jenken  a  Lathow 
ij.  yerdes  of  cremysen  engreyned,  prise  the  yerd  summa,^ 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  the  clerkes  of  the  sygnet  for 
makenge  of  dyverse  lettres  for  my  said  lord,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  vj.  day  of  June  my  master  lent  to  my  said  lord  at  Brandones 
Place  in  Sothwerke,  xxvj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  vij.  day  of  June  delyverd  to  Doctor  Hew  be  the  handes  of  my 
mastyre  iiij.  yerdes  and  di.  of  blak  a  lyr,  prise  the  yerde  v.s., 

summa,  xxij.s.  vj.d^ 

»  Sic,  for  sum.  2  Blanks  in  MS. 


167 

A.  D.  14C5.        Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Davy  Catore  ij.  yerdes  of 
cremysen  owt  of  greyne,  pryse  of  the  yerde  iiij.s.,  summa,  ix.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyvyred  to  Matthew  Baker  ij.  yerdes  of 
the  same,  pryse  the  yerd  iiij.s.  x.d.,  summa,  ix.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyre  axsseth  alowance  for  the  costes  of  ij.  cowsers  that 
wa3rted  uppon  my  lord  at  the  corenacyon,  xx.s. 

Item,  the  xv.  day  of  Jime  my  msistyr  delyverd  to  Walworth  ij.  yerdes  and 
di.  of  cremysen  engreyned,  prise  the  yerd  x.s.,  summa,  xxv.s. 

Iteme,  I  delyverd  to  Sere  Henry  Bradefeld  iiij.  yrdes  offyne  klothe,  pryse  the 
',erde  xij.s.,  some,  xlviij.s. 

Iteme,  I  delyverd  be  my  ladyes  komhawendemente  to  Nekolas  Hosey  and  to 
Routon  V.  -jerdes  offyne  kremsen,  pryse  the  ■^erd  xij.s.,  some,  iij.li. 

And  I  have  delyverd  to  fwlde^  Manoke  and  to  -^onge  Manoke  iiij.  yerdes  and 
a  halfe  offyne  kremse  klothe,  pryse  the  ■}erde  x.s.,  the  some  is,  xlv.s. 

And  the  v.  3ere  of  the  Kenge  I  delyverd  to  Persyval  v.  day  of  Hawgoste,  and 
the  same  day  I  delyverd  to  -^onge  Rmvdon,  xij.d. 

[And  I  delyverd  to ij.  ■yerdes  at  my  lordes  bedenge ;  the  -^erd  is 

xiij.s.  iiij.d.,  the  some,  xxvj.s.  riij.d.^'\ 

And  to  John  Halferse  ij.  'yerdes,  xxiiij.s. 

And  fore  the  iiij.  marschales  of  the  Kenges  al  hesche  a  gowen, 

some,  iiij.li.  xvj.d. 

And  the  v.  ^ere  of  the  Kenge  and  in  the  monthe  of  Dessember  I  delyverd  to 
Persyval,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  the  same  tyme  to  Tomas  Hele  I  toke  heme,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  the  xix.  day  of  Dessember  I  sente  the  resseyvor  of  the  Holte  ij.  ',erdts 

and  a  halfe,  the  '^erde  is  xij.s.,  the  some  is,  xxx.s. 

A.  1).  1465-6.       Item,  v""  yere  of  the  Kj-nge  Edward  the  iiij"*  and  the  viij""  day  of  Jenever 

my  mastyre  paid  to  the  Kynges  secretory,  for  makenge  of  a  lettre  fro  the 

Kynge  into  Wales,  for  my  lord,  yj.s.  viij.d. 

And  the  v.  yre  of  the  Kenge  and  the  xviij.  day  of  Fevere  I  delyverd  to 
Toiveneshende  iij.  yerdes  and  a  halfe  of  kremysen  hengreyned,  pryse  the  jerd, 
xij.s.  some,  xlij.s. 

'  old.  •■  Cancelled. 


168 

A.  D.  1466.        And  the  same  day  Ipaydfore  the  makenge  of  iij.  kommesyones^  fore  my  seyd 
lord  to  bejostys  of  thepesse^  in  iij.  dyverse  schyres,  xxxvj.s. 

And  in  the  monthe  of  May  I  toke  to  my  lady,  i«ij.s. 

Also  my  lord  howethe  me  fore  my  fe  that  I  have  at  the  Holte  fore  vj.  ^ere  at 
Hester  laste  posed,  for  my  lordes  tyme  that  dede  is  and  my  lordes  tym£  that 
nowe  is,  *  ll.xx.li. 

foi.  II.  my  mastyr  lent  to  my  lord  of  Norffolke  at  the  Powles 

hed  in  Croked  Lane/  

M*.  Delyverd  yn  clothe  atte  coronacyon  of  the  Quene'  to  Thomas  Vaghan 
squyer,  Thomas  Hoo  squyer,  and  to  George  Hoton,  for  theyr  lyverey  of 
gownes  ayens  the  coronacyon,  that  ys  to  sey  for  everych  of  theym  ij.  yerdes 
and  an  half,  prise  the  yerd  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  delyvyred  to  certejm  persons  of  Sussex,  as  yt  shall  appere  by  a  byUe 
therof. 

First  dew  to  Ser  John  Howard  knyght  for  his  expends  rydyng  yn  my 
lordys  nede^fro  Framlyngham  unto  Yorke  'and  fro  thens  un  to  Holte,  wyth 
XV.  servantys  and  xvj.  hors  by  xij.  dayes,  cap.  by  day  for  his  owen  propre 
expensys,  xij.d.,  and  for  every  asweU  of  his  men  as  of  his  hors  every  day  iiij.d., 

vj.li.  xvj.s. 

Item,  for  thexpencys  of  xvj.  hors  of  the  forseid  Ser  John  Howard  beyng 
atte  Holt  fro  the  xxiij""'  day  of  Octobre  a",  iij".  R.  E.  iiij.  un  to  the  ffeste  of 
Cristemasse  that  ys  to  sey  by  bcj.  dayes  takyng  by  the  day  for  every  hors  ij.d. 

viij.H.  ij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  for  his  expencys  for  his  seid  hors  at  Holt  from  the  xxvj.  day  of 
Decembre  a°.  iij°.  im  to  the  xxij""  day  of  March  a?,  iiij.,  aftyr  ij.d.  every  hors 
day  and  nyght,  that  ys  to  sey  by  iiij'".  vj.  dayes  for  the  seid  xvj.  hors.,  ij.s.  viij.d. 
a  day,  ^ 

Item,  for  vj.  dayes  immedyatly  folwyng  rydyng  homwerd  for  every  hors 
and  man  iiij.d.  a  day, 
foi.  11.  b.         This  wrytenge  made  the  vj'^  yere  of  Kynge  Edward  the  iiij*  and  the 
vj.  day  of  Marche  wytnesseth  that  on  Strawnge  wyche  hath  a  plase  in ' 

'  commissions.  ^  justice  of  the  Peace.  ^  Sk.  <  London. 

=  Elizabeth  Wydeville,  widow  of  Sir  John  Gray ;  crowned  at  Westminster,  26th  May, 
1465.  6  Blank  in  MS. 


169 

A.  D.  1466.    Hadlegth  owyth  my  mastyr,  as  Moleyns  knowith  wele,  rJli., 

for  the  said  Moleyns  is  sewerte  for  the  same. 

Item,  the  same  day  and  yere  above  wreten  Robard  Henengham  becam 
[sewterte]  sewerte  to  my  mastyr  for  the  bayle  of  on  Willyam  Valenden '  of 
Manjrtre^  that  was  in  the  casteQ  of  Colchestre^  to  be  paid  at  Wytsontyde  next 
comenge,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

A7id  the  vj.  yre  of  the  Kenge  and  oAij.  day  of  Marsche,  Kenges  myffes  soster 
of  Schely  bekame  sewerty  afore  here  soster  and  afore  Roberd  Serjante  to  pay  me 
at  Hester  nexte  komenge,  x.  marke. 

And  at  thes  nexte  Wesontyd,  x.  marke. 

And  I  have  the  vantage  of  the  * 

Item,  the  vj.**  yer  of  Kynge  Edward  the  iiij.""  and  the  ferste  day  of  De- 
sembre  my  mastyre  bowt  of  Bulstrode  as  myche  clothe  for  my  lorde  of  Xor- 
ffolke  as  drewe  to,  xv.li.  xj.s.  x.d. 

And  the  viij.  yere  oft  he  Kenge,  and  in  Aperel,  I  lent  my  lorde      xvj.s.  viiij.d. 
that  he  ;afe  to  the  werkemen  on  the  schepe^  x.s.,  and  to  the  feUchepe  of  the 
kerveP  vj.s.  riij.d. 
Bolstrode. 
foL)2.  Item,  the  yi.'*  yere  of  Kynge  Edward  the  iiij.""  and  the  ferste  day  of 

A.  D.  1466. 

Desembre  my  mastyre  bowt  of  Bolstrode  as  myche  clothe  for  my  lorde  of 
Norffolke  as  drew  to  xv.U.  xj.s.  x.d. 

That  is  to  sey  for  the  chapelle  for  x.  yerdes  of  brown  blew,  pryse  the  yerde, 
■vj.s.  viij.  d.,  summa,  iij.U.  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  xxiij.  yerdes  of  blew,  prise  the  yerde  iiij.s.,  snmma,  iiij.U.  xij.s. 


'  Valantyne. — N.  MS.  Another  manuscript,  containing  a  portion  of  these  accounts, 
and  some  not  found  elsewhere,  is  in  the  possession  of  His  Grace  the  Duke  of  Norfolk. 
It  may  be  useful  to  observe,  particularly  in  the  place  where  this  second  authority 
is  for  the  first  time  employed,  that  having  compared  such  entries  as  are  common  to 
both  MSS.,  the  Editor  has  given  all  useful  variations  between  them  in  the  notes, 
with  N.  MS.,  or  Norfolk  MS.,  appended,  to  distinguish  the  source  whence  they  are 
derived.  '  Maningtree,  Co.  Essex. 

•  Sir  John  Howard  was  constable  of  Colchester  Castle.    See  foL  176. 

'  Blank  in  MS.  '  ship.  '  i.  e.  the  crew  of  the  carvel. 

z 


170 

A.  D.  146C.        Item,  for  xiiij.  yerdes  of  blew,  prise  the  yerde  iij.s.  viij.d., 

summa,  xlvij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  for  iij.  yerdes  of  murrey  engreyned,  the  yerde  ix.s., 

summa,  xxxj.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  for  vj.  yerdes  blew,  prise  the  yerde  iiij.s,  iiij.d.,  summa,  xxvj.s. 

Item,  for  xij.  yerdes  russett,  prise  the  yerd  iiij.s.,  summa,  xlviij.s. 

The  some  of  this  clothe  drawyth  xv.li.  xj.s.  x.d. 

Item,  the  xviij.  day  of  Desembre  my  mastyr  bowt  of  Bolstrode  x.  yerdes  of 
russet  for  ij.  longe  gownes  for  my  lorde  and  a  gowne  for  my  lady,  the  yerde 
vj.s.  viij.d.,  summa,  iij.li.  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  owyth  hym  for  iij.  yerdes  and  di.  of  ray,'  for  James 
Hoberd,  be  my  lordes  comaundement,  vj-s.  v.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  owyth  hym  for  ij.  yerdes  of  must',  for  a  man  of  Plemothe, 

vj.s.  viij.d. 

The  some  of  alle  drawyth,  xx.li.  xj.s.  vij.d. 

A.D.  1466-7.       Item,  the  yere  afore  seide  and  the  ferste  day  of  Jenever  my  mastyr  re- 

ceyvid  of  WDlyam  Femwale  that  cam  out  of  Wales,  xxiiij.li.  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  at  the  tyme  that  the  lorde  Shales  and  the  Bastard  of  Borgoyen  fowte^ 

I  was  my  lordes  debyte?  at  is  dessyre,  wesche  koste  me  more  than       ccc.  marke. 

The  wesche  my  lorde  moste  alowe  me.* 

foi.i2.  b.  My  ryte  welbeloved  kosen,  I  rekomhewende  me  to  ^owe,  letenge  ^owe  wete  I 

hame  enform^d  fore  trowethe  that  a  servante  of  ^owerres  kalled  Bensted  trobe- 

'  rayed  cloth. 

2  For  an  account  of  "  certayne  actes  and  featys  of  warre  doone  in  Smythfelde,"  between 
Anthony  Wydeville,  Lord  Scales,  and  the  Bastard  of  Burgundy,  see  HoUnshed's  Chronicles, 
sub  anno  1467,  and  the  Ewcerpta  Historica,  p.  1 71  ■  Sir  John  Howard  was  Deputy  for  the  Duke 
of  Norfolk,  as  Earl  Marshal.  The  original  account  of  the  expenses  incurred  in  preparing 
the  lists  on  this  occasion  is  still  preserved  in  the  Exchequer.  It  is  entitled,  "  Thys  is  the 
boke  of  the  Costes  and  expenses  done  uppon  the  Barrieres  in  Smythe  feld,  atte  Thacte 
done  betwene  the  Lord  Scales,  and  the  Bastard  of  Burgoygneone,  &c."  The  works  occu- 
pied 39  days,  and  cost  £,^\.  hs.  1|«?.  3  deputy. 

■•  "  Also  my  lord  howethe  me  fore  the  charge  and  the  hostes  that  I  here  to  be  is  debewte 
wane  the  lorde  Shales  and  the  Bastard  of  Borgoy en  foiete,  cc.  mark." 

In  Sir  John's  writing.    N.  MS.  fol.  8. 


171 

lethe  *  wedow  of  Sodebery^  wesche  is  a  teneavmte  to  the  hy  an  myty  prynses 
my  lady  the  Kenges  moder  to  womelhame  steward  as  -je  wel  kwoe^  also  the  seyde 
is  ensewered  mary  wethe  a  servante  [of  m.yne\  and  a  tenaunte  of  myne  wesche 
kawseth  me  to  ivryte  on  to  ■jowe,  desseyrenge  ^owe  as  36  wol  I  do  any  thenge 
that  may  be  to  ■^owere  pleser  that  36  wol  make  Y/wer  seyde  servante  to  sese  of  is 
feyned  mater es ;  fore  kosen  as  I  wote  wel  36  have  herde  the  same,  ferste  he  wolde 
have  mad  a  klemeyn*  to  here  fore  matryrrumy,  and  he  sawe  is  growende  scholde 
be  preved  nmvte,  thanne  he  mad  a  new  mater  to  here,  seyheng  sche  scholde  howe 
heme  good,  wesche  is  wel  kwoen^  the  kontrary ;  howe  be  it  the  womane  is  a 
greed  to  abyde  the  rewel  of  "^owe  and  of  me ;  [}ef  that  he  kane  scheme^  toy  sche 
scholde  howe  heme  any  good,  sche  wol  abyde  the  rewel  of  hose  toY  werefore  I 
pray  }owe  komen^  wethe  ^ower  servante  and  ^eff'e  he  wol  abyde  the  same  rewel  I 
dare  honder  take  and  sche  howe  heme  howete^  we  schal  make  schwsche^"  and 
hende  as  he  schal  holde  hemeplesed  be  reson,  be  the  grase  of  God  ho^^  have  ^owe 
my  ryte  welbeloved  kosen  in  2'^  is  blesede  kepenge. 

foi.  13.  Ryte  welbelove  we  grete  "iowe  ....  and  were  it  is  so  that  \we  have\   .... 

howere  desseyer  and  pleser  hower  [we  .  .  .J  ryte  welbeloved  Sere  John  Howard 
knyghtfore  hower  body^^  wol  make  ij.  new  schepesfore  the  wesche  I  honderstonde 
[he  hathe]  "  and  it  is  so  as  I  honderstonde  36  have  fay er  sorte  ofhokes^^ 
to  sel,  fore  the  wesche  he  hathe  ad  a  komynykasyon  wethe  }0w,  and  36  ar  a  greed 
that  he  schale  have  theme  at  schwesche^^  a  pryse  as  y  kane  akorde,  werefore  [/] 
we  pray  30W  that  36  wol  lete  heme  have  them  the  belt  .  .  peneworthe  fore  howere 
sake,  [the'\  and  the  rather  that  i  goethe  on  to  hower  wereke,  [and  in  ■}ower 
schwenge]  prayhenge  30we  that  [he]  may  we  .  .  honderstonde  that  he  hathe 
a  gre  .  .  .  del  the  schepe  fore  hower  sake ;  were  in  36  schal  do  hose^'^  a  ryte 
gre  ,  ,  pleser,  and  kawse  hose  to  be  the  beter  good  lorde  to  '}owe  in  any  ihenges 
that  }e  have  to  do. 

■  Blank  in  MS.  "  Sudbury,  Co.  Suffolk. 

'  Sir  John  Howard  was  the  Duchess  of  York's  Steward  for  her  honour  of  Clare.  See 
fol.  176.  *  claim.  =  known.  '  Sic.  '  This  passage  is  cancelled 

'  commune.  '  aught.  '"  such.  "  who.  ''  Sic. 

"  This  appears  to  be  a  draft,  by  Sir  John,  of  a  letter,  in  the  King's  name,  to  receive  the 
sign  manual ;  to  whom  it  was  addressed  is  a  point  which  cannot  be  ascertained.  See 
fol.  37,  for  his  expenses  in  building  a  ship  at  Dunwich. 

"  Blank  in  fllS.  "  o^ks.  "  such.  "  us. 


172 

foi.  13.  b.  ...  je  schal  honderstonde  I  have  very  kwolage  that  36  have  mekel  on  setenge 
langwache  a}ensteme,were  of  I  mervel  gretely.  for  I  have  ^effen/iowe  no  schwsche 
kawse ;  ako  }e  sey  I  hame  no  beter  than  a  man  of  klowetes,  it  schal  not  he  longe 
or  [^efynde  me  beter']  I  make  ^owe  to  honderstonde  me  hoderwyse  \j,effthe  lawe'] 
as  the  lawe  wol,  thowe^  I  schal  spende  as  mekel  there  apone  in  a  day  as  3e  be 
worthe;  also  36  schal  honderstond  I  hame  enformed  were  Mykel  Reyndeford 
and  Karowe  and  I  wethe  oder  waren  enfefed  [wethe  hoder]  in  a  howese  and  land 
whethein  Dover  korte^  to  the  beofe^  of  John  Hobes  and  is  faderlaw,  and  nowe  be 
■^owe  senester  labor  aynste  al  ryte  and  konsyense  36  kawese  dayly  grete  trobel  in 
the  same,  seyhenge  that  it  schal  nate  be  spared  fore  no  selver,  I  wolde  avysse  ^owe 
to  sese  bothe  of  ■^ower  labore  and  of  '^owere  spendenge  and  also  of  ^ower  on- 
threffety  lanqwage,  and  ^effe  36  so  do  36  schal  fynde  hese*  there  in  be  the  grase 
of  God,  ho^  amend  lower  desposysyon.     Wreten  at  Stoke. 

foi.  14.  My  welbeloved  frendes,  I  gr  .  .  -jowe  hertely  wel  prayenge  ^owe  .  .  .  al 

haste  to  sende  me  to  my  plase  at  Redeklefe  in  Stepeney  cccc.  of  my  waynskote, 
and  al  myn  hyrene^  and  al  my  spesche^  and  tere,^  and  al  my  koper,  and  lete  the 
koper  be  delyverd  be  weyte ;  and  sende  me  [6e]  a  bel  heme  mekeP  36  do  delyver 
at  thes  tyme,  ^and]  howe  mekel  36  have  delyverd  before  thes,  and  to  wome ;  also 
■  I  pray  }owe  asson  as  tyme  komethe  to  make  ope  the  wales^"  of  the  salte  howses, 
fore  {if]  they  schal  be  felled  or  it  be  long;  also  I  pray  jowe  lete  amend  the  seler 
in  al  haste,  and  the  walks  of  the  bakehmvese ;  and  in  that  36  have  ad  labor  fore 
me  and  dayly  have,  I  schal  so  do  to  ^owe  here  affter  as  }e  schale  holde  ^owe  ryte 
welplesed,  be  the  grase  of  God,  ho  have  ^owe  bothe  in  is  kepenge. 

foi.  14.  b.  Ryte  worschepeful  and  myn  enterly  welbeloved  frend,  I  rekomavende  me  to 
}owe.  Plesethe  it  ^owe  to  wete  I  have  resseyved  a  leter  frome  the  Kenges 
[%Mes]  good  grase  komhawndenge  me  to  be  wethe  [Aeme]  is  hynes  the  iij.  day 
offeverer  at  Koventre;  Sere  it  is  so  as  ^e  kwoe  well  I  promessed  the  Kenge  I 
wolde  make  in  al  haste  a  new  schepe  and  I  promesed  on  wethe  godes  grase  I 
schal  make  it  in  all  possybel  haste,  were  a  bowte  I  labor  as  faste  as  I  kane ; 
were  fore  I  pray  jowe  helpe  to  askewese  me  fore  my  komenge,  fore  and  I  make 

'  though.  '  Dover  Court,  Co.  Essex.  3  behoof.  1  ease. 

*  who.         Mron.         'pitch.  Mar.         '  a  bill  of  how  much.  '"walls. 


173 

thes  schepes  I  moste  atend  dayly  ther  a  bowte  tel  they  be  mad,  and  thowe  it  ad 
be  so  that  I  ad  nat  bene  abowete  to  make  schepes,  yete  kowede^  I  nat  akome  to  the 
Kenge  thes  many  a  day,  fore  I  hame  deshesed  in  schweche?  iceyse  that  I  may 
note  ryde  norre  wel  goo,  as  the  brenger  of  thes  schal  tel  ynce  the  serfenty,  to 
vjome  I  pray  yowe  yeffe  gredense  .■  \also  I  pray  yrwe'\  ferther  morre  yeffe  ther  be 
any  \wey\  derekesyon  take  at  thes  kowensel  fore  the  Kenges  goenge  hover^  to 
rekover  is  ryte,  that  it  may  plese  ^ow  to  sey  one  my  behalf e,  ^ffe  the  kawese 
reqwere,  that  I  schal  be  redy  to  go  wethe  hes  ines,*  havenge  schwsche  noiamber 
[wethe]  as  it  schal  plese  hyse  hynes  to  asyne  me  to  led.  havenge  wages  fore 
theme ;  and  besyde  that  I  wole  brenge  wethe  me  a  hondered  god  men  [and]  at 
myne  howene  koste  and  scharge,  to  do  the  Kenge  serves  in  is  warres  fore  halfe  a 
)ere  and  [no]  koste  the  Kenge  no  thenge. 

foi.  15.  Sere, — Plesethe  it  ynwere  good  grase?  to  we  .  .  I  have  reseyved  jowere  moste 

grasyos  leter  to  me  dereketed  to  be  wethe  -,owere  hynes  at  yower  sety  ofKoventre 
at  yower  kowensel,  the  nexte  morow  after  kandelmes  day ;  Sere  it  is  so,  sene  I 
kame  to  ynoer  sety  of  London  thes  laste  weke  T  ade  wethe  me  the  konyngeste 
makere  of  schepes  that  I  kovede  gete,  to  that  hentente  in  hal  haste  to  make  schwesc^ 
ij  schepes  as  I promyssed  -^ower  hynes  I  wolde  do ;  and  in  the  gohenge  a  bowte 
the  same  as  I  was  komhenge  howete  of  a  kerveU  of  myn  in  to  the  bote  it  mes- 
fortened  me  so  to  hurte  my  lege  that  I  may  noder  ryde  nor  wel  goo ;  were  fore  I 
besche  }Ower  good  grase  to  pardon  me  of  myn  not  komhenge  at  thes  tyme,  and  as 
sone  as  I  may  a  mende  I  schal  a  ply  me  in  the  moste  posybel  haste  to  the 
makenge  of  [ij.  schepes  the  (;'.]  of^  the  schepes,  ore  heles  to  kome  to  yower 
hynes  tceder  schal  plese  }0W  beter ;  also  ;effe  yrwere  good  grase  porpose  and 
konklobde  at  thes  kowensel  to  goo  hover  the  see  to  [enjoy]  enjoyy  jowere  ryte 
ayenste  yywer  enemys,  I  schal  wethe  goddes  grase  be  redy  to  go  wethe  jowe, 
havenge  schwesche  nowmber  as  it  schale  plese  yowere  hynes  to  asyne  me  to  lede, 
and  wages  of  }owefore  theme ;  and  besyde  that  I  promes  ■yowere  good  grase  I 
schale  brenge  wethe  me  a  c.  good  men  at  my  proper  koste  and  wages,  to  do  jowt 
serves  in  ■jower  wares  fore  halfe  a  yere,  be  the  grase  ofJesewes,  ho  preserve  -,owe 
my  moste  drede  soveren  lord  in  his  blesed  safegard. 

'  Sic.  2  such.  '  To  France.  *  highness. 

*  This  letter  is  addressed  to  the  King.  '  such.  '  carvel  or  caravel.        '  Sic. 


174 

foi.  15.  b.  Ryte  welbehved,  I  grete  ^owe  wel,  letenge  '}owe  i  honderstond  that  ^e  have  in 
the  mary  of  bastestabel,^  were  36  be  parser,  a  lytel  stofe  ofmynefore  my  howesolde 
wesche  isqfno  grete  valor,  howe  be  it  I  schold  have  hokewepyed  it  at  thes  tyme ; 
fore  the  wesche  kawese  I  sente  a  servante  of  my^  to  have  ad  the  delyveranse 
ther  of;  also  John  Smythe  wrote  to  ^owe  fore  the  deleveranse  of  the  same,  and 
not  wethe  standenge  al  thes  I  kane  note  have  home  my  good,  where  of  I  mervel 
ryte  gretely,  fore  me  thenkethe  ^owere  demenenge  it  nate  good  thowe  it  ware  to  a 
morre  sempel  man  than  I  hame,  fore  36  may  wel  thenke  I  atende  nate  thowe  I 
have  my  good  howete^  bote  to  kontente  ^owe  as  36  howete*  of  ryte  to  have,  and 
that  I  promese  ^owe  be  thes  my  wrytenge  :  also  I  honderstonde  36  lente  John 
Smythe  snj.s.  wethe  wethe^  I  have  nowte  to  do,  fore  I  howene  heme  no  selver, 
how  be  it  and  I  fynde  ■>,owe  kortes  in  ^ower  demenenge  I  dare  hondertake  36 
schal  be  kontente  of  heme  or  eles  I  wol  fore  heme ;  were  fore  I  dessyer  jowe 
wethe  howete  delay  to  delyver  to  Skraton  my  servante  my  hose,  and  [afeter  thes 
hande']  as  son  as  I  have  home  my  hose  I  schal  mete  wethe  ^owe  at  Kolchester, 
and  ther  kontente  -jowe,  or  heles  -jeffe  36  teste  to  kome  heder  I  wole  serv  ^owe 
here,  schese^  wesche  is  moste  ^ower  hese :  no  mar  bote  ^effe  kredense  to  the 
brenger.  Wreten  at  Stoke  the  xxviij. 
foi.  16.  Fernewel. 

A.  D.  1465.        Item,  the  v*'".  yere  of  Kynge  Edward  the  iiij*''.  and  in  the  monyth  of  May, 
my  mastyr  receyvid  of  Wyllyam  Fern  wale  ffrom  the  resseyvor  of  Holtt,  xx.li. 

Wheroff  was  of  dett  that  my  lord  of  NorfFolke  owt  my  said  mastyr  for 
mony  leyd  downe  for  my  said  lord,  x.li.  xij.s. 

And  the  toder  dele  was  of  mony  that  the  said  resseyvor  owt  my  mastyr 
of  old  dett. 

John  Hynd  and  Roberd  Hynde. 
A.  D.  1465-6.      And  John  Hynde  and  Roberd  Hynde  rekened  wethe  me  the  v.  ^ere  of  the 
Kenge  Hedeward  and  the  wociiij.  day  of  Jenever,  a  fore  Boste  the  m£yer  of 
Soddebery  and  they  howe  me  at  thes  day  al  thenges  alowed,    xxj.li.  xix.s.  xj.dJ 


7  " 


Mary  of  Barnstaple?        -^  Sic.        ^  aught.      bought.      ^  Sic.      »  ^/e,  for  choose. 

"  And  the  v.  ^ere  of  the  Kenge  and  on  the  atariiij.  day  of  Janever  I  ded  rekene  wethe 
3onge  Hyndes  a  fore  [M]  Boste  the  meyer  of  Sodebery,  and  [Mo«»e]  they  howe  me  al 
thenges  rehenned,  ^^j^  ^^^-j^j^,  ^^jj,. 

In  Sir  John's  writing.    N.  MS.  foi.  21.  b. 


1/D 

A.  D.  1405-0.  Fore  the  wesche  John  Hynde  agreed  wethe  me  the  same  day  a  fore  Tomas 
Molense,  to  pay  me  be  theferste  day  of  lente  nexte  komhenge  viij.li.  in  mony,  or 
in  klothe  swche  peneworthes  as  I  schal  hoMe  m£  plesed,  and  iiij.li.  in  mxmy  be 
thes  day  xij.  manthe,  or  helles  aj.li.  in  klothe  at  my  peneworthes ;  and  than  he  to 
be  pardoned  of  the  xx.  .  .  And  I  to  sew  Roberd  Hynde  fore  the  remenawnte  : 
and  of  thes  a /ore  ivrete  .  .  .  F  have  resseyved  of  heme  j.  klothe,  v;.li.x.s.,  and 
he  mostepay  me  at  Wesontyd  nexte  komlienge,  iiij.li. 

And  the  remenavmte  I  have  fore  ^even  heme. 
foi.  10.  b.  \^Iteme,  to  remember  the  v.  -^ere  of  the  Kenge  and  the  aj.  day  of  November, 

Brame  delyverde  my  gowene  of  my  lord  of  Klarenses^  to  my  t  ay  lor  in  Fletestrete 
to  kepe^ 

And  the  same  day  Brame  toke  to  Thometon  sertene  hevydense  of  myn,  to 
take  to  James  Hobard. 

And  Kokete  howethe  me  a  time  vryne,  as  James  kwoethe  wet,  and  John 
Andrewes  a  noder,  and  Grene  x.li. ;  al  thes  James  kwoethe  wel. 

And  Smythe  that  was  sometyme  myfermor  howeth  me  onpayd,  l.s. 

And  thes  wrytenge  wetenes  that  the  heyher  of  Fremanes  schal  pay  me  fore 
rente  that  is  plase  payethe  me  be  ^ere  [fore']  to  the  maner  of  Jorges^ 

ij.s.  iiij.d.,  and  ij.  kapones. 

And  thes  same  day  I  have  fore  ■jeven  heme  al  the  rerages,  fore  a  kowe  arid  a 
weder  and  al  the  tember  that  lyes  on  the  growende  felled. 

And  Fered  of  Adeley*  howethe  me  l.s. 

that  Ipayd  to  the  marschawntes  fore  the  reste  of  Worthame. 
foi.  1".  Fensche. 

Iteme,  I  mad  a  kowente  wethe  Fensche  the  v.  ^ere  of  the  Kenge  and  the 
xxviiij.  day  of  Aperel,  and  is  akowente  is  in  to  Mekelmes  laste  passed  and  we  be 
hevenfore  [that]  in  to  that  day ;  howe  be  it  I  fiave  alowed  heme  fore  al  thenges 
that  he  hathe  leyd  dowen  in  to  thes  xxviiij.  day  of  Aperel. 
Skraton. 

Iteme,  I  hakowented  wethe  Skraton  the  xxviiij.  day  of  Aperel,  frame  Mekelmes 
was  xij.  monthe  in  to  Mekelmes  laste  pased,  and  so  is  debethe  in  to  tJie  laste 
Mekelmes,  v.li. 

'  Cancelled.  '  George,  Duke  of  Clarence  ;  a  gown  of  his  livery  is  meant. 

'  Gorges.  *  Hadleigh,  Co.  Suffolk. 


176 

A.  D.  1465.        And  I  have  lowed  heme ,  fore  al  thenges  that  he  hathe  leyd  dowen  in  to  the 
xxviiij.  day  of  Aperel. 

'[M*-  my  mastyr  lent  to  the  Erie  of  Oxford  at  Ypswych  to  geve  to  the 

Freres,  viij.s.  iiij.d.] 

M'^.  my  mastyr  lent  to  WiUyam  Johnesone  the  xxv.  day  of  May,  a",  r.r. 

Edwardi  iiij".  quinto,  in  mony,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Kobe. 

foi.  17.  b.  ^j-^d^  t]jjat  where  as  John  Cobbe  and  Downenge  of  Neylond  owt  my 

mastyr  impaid,  xx.  marc. 

TheroiF  Thomas  Moleyns  hath  recey vid  as  it  peryth  in  his  boke,    v.  marc. 

Wich  he  must  acount  to  my  mastyr. 

And  Thomas  Moleyns  paid  my  mastyre  the  v""-  yer  of  the  Kynge  and  the 
ij.  day  of  May,  for  the  same  Cobbe,  v.  marc. 

For  the  wiche  my  mastyr  hathe  delyverd  hym  for  bothe  summys  ij.  obly- 
gacyons  of  x.  marces  bothe.J 

/  have  asyned  Molense  to  take  of  theme,  v.  marke. 

Thatt  payd  to  heme  I  have  al  konten.  .  . 

Fore  wod  sal  a'^enste  my  wele. 
Ser  Hemond^  And  Strawenge  tolde  me  that  Tomas  Kesse  that  dwelethe 
Fesche.  jat  Hatelbrege^  at  the  Jorge  tolde  heme  that  Ser  Hemond  Fesche 
my  fermor  of  Meyton*  ad  solde  a  wodde  of  myn  wethe  in  a  myl  of  Melbrege, 
fore  XOOVJ.S.  viij.d.,  and  it  was  beter  than  x.  marke. 
A.D.  1465-6.  Smythe.}  And  the  v.  ^ere  of  the  Kenge  and  xxv.  day  of  Feverer,  I  was  a 
greede'  wethe  W.  Forde  and  wethe  Smythe  of  the  Hythe,  baylyes  at  thes  day, 
that  they  schal  kontente  me  fore  my  parte  of  the  skenes  that  were  foffetede, 

iiij.li. 
Fore  the  wesche  I  wol  that  I  have  on  xl.s.,  and  of  the  toder  xl.s.  I  wol  thate 
Smythe  kontente  hems  selfe  as  mekel  as  I  howe  hems  and  kontente  me  the 
remenawnie. 

A.  a  1463-4.      '^y^  wrytynge  wytnessyth  what  dettys  is  owynge  my  mastyr  the  thryd 
3ere  off  Kynge  Edward  the  forth. 

Ferst,  Syr  NycoUe  Latymere  kny3the,  owyth  my  mastyr,  m'*.  marc. 

'  Cancelled,  and  "  payd"  written  in  the  margin.  2  Cancelled. 

'  Attlebridge,  Co.  Norfolk,  4  Jetton,  Co.  Norfolk. 


A.  D.  1463-4.      Por  the  wyche  he  is  agreyd  to  pay  my  sayd  mastyr,  at  the  beginninge  off 
the  next  parlement,  ccL  marc. 

And  at  Estyr  affityr  to  pay  to  my  sayd  mastyr  ccL  marc,  and  every  jere 
afftjT  c.  marc.,  tylle  the  sm*.  off  a  m'*.  marc,  be  payd  to  the  Kynge,  whyche 
the  Kynge  had  gevyn  my  mastyr  and  my  mastyr  hath  grawntyd  hem  hym 
a  5en. 

Also  the  seyd  Syre  Nycoll  owyth  my  mast3nr  ffor  the  fferme  off  the  to 
manerys  att  [Estyr]  Myhehnesse  next  comythe,  xl.li. 

Off  the  whych  my  mastyr  bathe  fforgeryn  hym  xx.h.,  and  the  todre  xx.li. 
he  to  pay  at  the  begynnynge  off  the  nexte  parlement. 

Item,  John  Costard  ffermore  off  the  manere  off  Deuelyshe  oweth  my 
mastyr  ffor  rerages  off  dyvers  termys  affore  past,  ffor  to  pay  att  Myhehnesse 
next  comynge,  xrij.h.  xiij.d. 

'[Item,  WiUyam  Tyrell  off  Suffolke  owyth  my  mastyr  ffor  mony  lent, 

xx.h.  Tj.s.  viij.d. 

And  ther  off  my  mastyr  receyrid  off  hym,  x.  marke. 

x\nd  the  thyrd  }ere  off  the  Kynge  and  the  Tuysday  next  beffore  Estyr,  my 
mastyre  resseynd  off  hj's  wyffe,  v.  marc] 

And  I  ded  resseyve  iiij.  ■>,er  of  the  Kenge  and  the  xxv.  day  of  Aperel,  be  the 
andes  of  Gary  a  Sever,"  iij.li.  ij^.  viij.d. 

And  so  so^  he  howethe  me  onpayd  ■jete,  vij.li. 

Item,  the  bayleys  off  Yipswych  owyth  hym*  ffor  old  reragys,  iiij.lL 

Item,  Wade  off  the  Kyngys  bowse  owyth  hym  ffor  mony  lent,  and  ffor  an 

horsse,  xj.  marc. 

fjl.  H  b.         Item,  Waynfflete  o\V5-th  my  mastyr  be  oblygacyon,  iiij.U. 

Item,  FoUere  off  Mellefford  owyth  hym  be  oblygacyon,  x.li. 

Item,  the  Kyngj's  tenawntes  besyde  Pownffrett  hadde  off  my  masterys 
good  whan  the  ffeld  was  donne,'  c.Ii. 

And  thereoff  John  Werer  off  *•  is  agreyd  to  pay  my  mastyr  xx. 
marc,  and  thereoff  my  mastyr  reseyvyd  off  hys  wyffe  at  Yorke,         yj.  marc 

And  so  he  owyth  my  mastyr  stylle,  xiiij.  marc. 

'  Cancelled.  ^  This  name  is  doubtful.  '  ^  <-.  *  njy  mastyr. 

^  i.  e.  battle  fought,  alludiog  to  the  conflict  at  Towton  fielu.  Blank  in  Ms. 

A  A 


178 

A.  D.  1463.        Item,  Dalby  offWarwykke  shyre  owyth  hym  fFor  rerage  off  rent  assyse  to 
the  maner  off  Kenton  in  hys  dayis  and  in  my  lady  hys  moderys  dayis, 

xxviij.li. 

Item,  Rowdon  owyth  hym,  resseyvor  off  the  Holt,  ffor  iij.  3er  fee  at  My- 
helmesse  next  comynge,  Ix.li. 

Item,  Thomas  Gray,  squyre  off  the  body,  owyth  hym  ffor  mony  lent, 

iiij.  marc. 

Item,  ffor  a  genett  that  my  mastyr  lent  hym  into  the  northe  contry,   xx.U. 

M*-  that  Janken  Sherman  of  Colchester  owyth  my  mastyre,  v.  marc. 

Wherof  he  seythe  he  paid  be  the  beddynge  of  Straton  ffor  a  doblett  of 

ffence  for  Hew  Candy,  xj.s.  vj.d. 

A.  D.  1465.        And  the  v*.  3er  of  the  Kynge  and  the  xxj.  day  of  June,  the  said  Janken 

Sherman  agreyid  wyth  my  mastyr  to  paye  at  Lammesse  next  comenge  of  the 

said  dett,  xx.s. 

And  the  resydew  of  the  mony  to  pay  att  Myhelmesse  next  folwynge  affter 
this  present  date. 
foi.  19.  Item,  Bendyshe  owyth  hym  in  mony,  xlvij.s. 

Item,  the  bayly  off  Hadley  owyth  hym  ffor  hys  ffe  off  the  stewardsheppe 
off  the  same  town,  '       ■  J 

Item,  Crystemasse  owyth  hym  unpayd  in  mony,  x.s. 

Saffe  he  axithe  alowanse  ffor  dyeynge  off  xvj.  3erdys  cloth,  xj.d.     Item, 
ffor  V.  odyr  serdys,  iiij.d. 

Item,  Syday  and  Kooke  off  Neylond  owyth  hym  unpayd,  ix.s. 

Item,  ffor  lond  that  Roper  owyth  hym  in  hys  lyffe  tyme,  vij.s. 

Item,  he  owyth  my  mastyr  ffor  the  londe  that  the  sayd  Roper  had  syn  he 
deyde  ffor  hys  wyffe,  and  he  hathe  ocupyde  the  lond  evyr  syn. 

Item,  Burton  the  Pedder''  owyth  hym  ffor  sertayn  stoffe  bowt  off  hym 
unpayd,  xix.s.  ij.d. 

Item,  Mathu  the  Clerke  owyth  hym  xxij.s., 

the  wyche  is  wyfys  oder  hosbond  owt  hym  ffor  herynge^  off  pasture  unpayd. 

And  hys  wyffe  owyth  hym  ffor  pastore  that  she  heryd  off  hym  syn  wele 
she  was  wedew,  in_s,  iiij.d. 


1  Blank  in  MS.  s  Pedlar. 


'  hiring. 


1/9 

A.  D.  14C5.        Item,  John  Hule,  oflF  the  town  off  Cley  in  Norffolke,  owyth  hym  be 
oblygacion  ffor  a  shype,  xij.li. 

foi.  19.  b.         Item,  Purcere  carpentere  owyth  hym  ffor  tymbyr,  tj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  ffor  com  unpayd,  ' 

Item,  ffor  iij.  dayis  werke,  r.s. 

Item,  ffor  a  combe  whete,''  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  Fesybe  the  cordwaner  owjrth  hym  ffor  a  place  bowt  in  Stoke, 

Ixvj.li.  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  ther  off  my  mastyr  hath  receyvid,  * 

Item,  Kooke  off  Manytre  owyth  hym  ffor  colys  that  Edward  off  the  same 

town  toke  hym,  xxxiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  Syre  WiUyam  Welby  owyth  my  mastyr  ffor  mony  lent  att  Thetfford, 

xl.s. 
Item,  a  Pryowr*  in  Walys  owyth  hym  be  oblygacyon,  xl.s. 

Item,  the  flecher^  that  dwellyd  in  Thurton  strete  owj-th  hym  ffor  tymber, 

ix.s.  vj.d. 
Item,  ffor  bowse  rent,  viij.s. 

Item,  Austyn  Mepalle  owyth  hym,  xx.s. 

Item,  the  bochere  that  dwellyth  in  Hyham  owyth  hym  ffor  iij.  oxi3m,iij.li. 
Item,  Fakon  owyth  hym  ffor  xxx.  wynterys  rente,  be  5ere  unpayd  xx.d., 

summa,  l.s. 
Item,  Whyte  and  Warry  owyth  hym  be  oblygacyon,  iij.li.  vj.s.  ^^ij.d. 

foi.  20.  Item,  TerboUis  off  Bylston  and  off  Negynge  owyth  hym  be  obligacyon, 

X.  marc. 

Item,  the  gaylere  that  was  att  Colchester,  John  Sherman,  owyth  hym  that 

Canday  was  suerte  ffor,  v.  marc. 

Item,  Edward  Bernard  that  dweld  in  hys  dyhowse  owyth  hym  more  than 

iiij.  marc. 
Item,  Page  of  Thiirton  strete  owyth  hym,  xxvij.s.  viij.d., 

And  Emold  is  suerte  therffore. 

Item,  the  glacyer  off  Yipswyche,  on  Loppom,  owyth  hym  ffor  the  bord  off 
hys  son  whan  he  went  to  scole  here,^  xx.s. 

'  Blank  in  MS.  '  comb  of  wheat.  ^  Blank  in  MS.  *  Prior. 

'  a  fletcher  or  arrow-maker.  '  at  Stoke,  at  my  masters  place.  N.  MS.  foi.  15. 


ISO 

A.  D.  14G5.        Item,  the  Kynge  owyth  hym  iFor  hys  costys  whan  he  toke  the  thevys  at 
Herewych, 

Item,  Thomas  a  Borow  owyth  hym,  xx.s. 

The  wiche  he  lent  hym  to  take  to  a  man  that  browt  the  Kynge  a  fole 
soreld  cowsere,^  wyth  owt  Westrainestyr  gardyn. 

Item,  my  lord  off  Clarence  owyth  hym,  xx.s. 

The  wich  he  lent  hym  to  geve  the  Kyngys  menstralys  att  the  meyrys 
howse. 

Item,  the  Kynge  owyth  hym  that  he  toke  to  a  man  to  here  the  Kyngys 
lettre  to  my  lady  off  NoriFolke,  ffor  an  ambelynge  horsse  that  he  wold  abowt,^ 

vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  Syre  Robart  Corbett  owyth  hym,  l.li. 

''[Item,  Folthorppe  owyth  hym  ffor  mony  lent  at  Leyseter,  xx.s.J 

fol.  20.  b.  Item,  Gosse  owyth  my  mastyr  ffor  a  ffyn  ffor  to  pay  hym  in  v.  3ere  be 

syde  alle  odre  thyngys,  v.  marc. 
A.D.  1463.         Wretyn  the  thryd  3ere  off  Kynge  Edward  and  on  Good  Fryday. 

Item,  Temperle  owyth  hym  an  horsse. 

Item,  Syr  Thomas  a  Borow  owyth  hym  ij.  horsse. 

Item,  Apylton  and  Sprynge  off  Lanam^  owyth  my  mastyr,  as  James 
Hoberd  and  yonge  Apylton  knowyth  wele,  * 

And  Pryse  my  honder  schereffe  of  Norfolke  howethe  me  be  an  oblygasyon  of 
statew  marchand,^  cc.  marke. 

And  Forster  the  gay  lor  of  the  toivn  ■}ayle  of  Hepesweche  howethe  me  be  an 
hoblygasyon,  cc.  marke. 

^  \_And  John  Koke  of  '  and  Dowenenge  of  Neylond  a  greed  wethe  me 
the  iij.  }ere  of  the  Kenge  and  on  Mekelmes  heven,  a  for  James  Hobard,  that  they 
schal  pay  me  on  Sonday  nexte  komenge,  v.  marke ;  and  be  bowende  in  an 
hoblygasyon  besyde  to  pay  me  xxv.  marke  mor ;  that  is  to  sey  at  Hester  nexte 
komhenge  v.  marke,  and  so  hevery  halfe  yere  v.  marke  tel  I  be  alpayd ;  and  of 
thes  I  hame  kontente  of  x.  marke.,  and  so  he  howethe  me  ■^ete,  xx,  marke.\ 


1  Blank  in  MS.  2  sorrel  courser.  •''  would  have  bought. 

■*  Cancelled,  and  "  payd"  written  in  the  margin.  *  Langham,  Co.  Essex  ? 

'  Blank  in  MS.  '  statute-merchant.  "  Cancelled.  »  Blank  in  MS. 


ISl 
A.  D.  i4c,2-3.       These  are  the  dettys  that  my  mastyr  lent  att  the  sege  off  An^kke,'  that 

fol.  21.  J 

are  onpayae. 

In  prymis,  my  mastyr  lent  the  iij.  day  off  Jenever,  to  John  Framyngham 
gentylman,  at  the  sege  off  Anwyke,  xx.s. 

Item,  lent  to  Toly  wagyd  ffor  Bury,  xiiij.s. 

Item,  lent  to  John  Brykman,  the  xiiij.  day  off  Desembre,  xx.d. 

Item,  lent  to  Roger  MoreUes  man,  the  iiij.  day  off  Jenever,        tj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  a  man  off  Lynne  to  take  to  Andrew  Wylson,  w.^  ffor 
Reydon,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  Donton  off  Hadley  owyth  ffor  hys  sodwur,  xx.s. 

Item,  WiUyam  a  Wode  owyth  ffor  hys  sowdyom-,  xx.s. 

Item,  the  town  off  Stoke  owyth  ffor  the  ffyrst  monyth  wagis  ffor  ther 
sowdyores  unpayd,  xxxiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  ffor  the  last  monythe  wagys,  xx.s.  iiij.d. 

Besyde  the  wekys  my  mastyr  ffor  gaff  them. 

Item,  the  town  off  Boxfford  owyth  ffor  ther  sowdyores,  vj.viij.d., 

besyde  the  wekys  my  mastyr  fforgaffe  them. 

SUFFOLKE. 

Item,  lent  to  John  Gylys  w.  for  the  town  off  Brawnfford,  the  xx.  day  off 
Desembre  at  Newcastel,  xx.d. 

Item,  lent  to  John  Fulplande  w.  ffor  the  town  off  Kelsale,  att  New  Cas- 

telle  the  xx.  day  off  Desembre,  xx.d. 

fol.  21.  b.         Item,  lent  to  John  More  w.  ffor  the  town  off  Pesenhale,  at  NewcasteUe 

the  XX.  day  off  Decembre,  ij.s. 

Item,  lent  to  Andru  Spereman  w.  ffor  the  town  off  Fylstow,  the  ix.  day 
off  Decembre  and  att  NewcasteUe,  xx.d. 

Item,  lent  hym  the  xviij.  day  off  Desembre,  att  Newcastel,  xx.d. 

Item,  lent  to  Willyam  Brewster  w.  ffor  the  town  off  Fylstow,  the  xviij.  day 
off  Desembre  att  NewcasteUe,  iij.s.iiij.d. 

Item,  lent  Thomas  Hanyston  w.  ffor  the  town  off  Anston,  the  xvij.  day 
off  Desembre  att  NewcasteUe,  iij.s.  iiij.d, 

'  Alnwick  Castle,  Co.  Northumberlaod,  besieged  by  the  Yorkists  in  December,  1462. 

waffed. 


182 

A.  D.  1462-3.      Item,  lent  hym,  the  x.  day  off  Jenevere  at  Newcastelle,  iij.s.  iuj.d. 

Item,  lent  to  Robart  Gamelyn  w.  ffor  the  town  off  Polsted,  the  xvij.  day 
off  Decembre  at  Newriastell,  "j-^-  "y-<^- 

Item,  lent  hym  at  Anwyke,  the  thryd  day  off  Jenever,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  lent  to  Mathew  Wekys  w.  ffor  Lytyll  Cornerd,  the  xvij.  day  off 
Decembre  att  Newcastelle,  "j-s-  "ij-d. 

Item,  lent  hym  at  Anwyke  the  iij.  day  off  Jenever,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  lent  to  Willyam  Wynde  w.  ffor  the  town  off  Eston,  the  xvij.  day  off 
Decembre  att  Newcastell,  xx.d. 

Item,  lent  hym  the  xviij.  day  off  Decembre,  att  the  same  town,  xx.d. 

Item,  lent  John  Dokett  w.  ffor  the  town  off  Sudborn,   the  xix.  day  off 
Decembre  att  Newcastell,  ij-s.  uij.d. 

Item,  lent  Thomas  Harnys  w.  ffor  the  town  off  Bresyerd,  the  xx.  day  off 
Desembre  at  Newcastell,  ij-s- 

Item,  lent  Willyam  Chapman  w.  ffor  the  town  off  Blaxham,  the  xxiij.  day 
off  Decembre  at  Newcastelle,  xij.d. 

ioi.  2->.  Item,  lent  to  Reynold  Lawter  w.  ffor  the  town  off  Framyngham,  the  xx. 

day  off  Decembre  at  Newcastell,  xx.d. 

Item,  lent  John  Smythe  w.  ffor  the  town  off  Marlyfford,  the  xx.  day  off 
Decembre  att  Newcastell,  xx.d. 

Item,  lent  Robart  Bradway  w.  ffor  the  town  off  Asspelstoname,  the  xx. 
day  off  Decembre  att  Newcastell,  xx.d. 

Item,  lent  John  Waredelle  w.  ffor  the  town  off  Thyrlow,  the  viij.  day  off 
Decembre  att  Newcastelle,  xx.d. 

Item,  lent  Willyam  Lotbruthe  wagyd  ffor   Sprawton,  the  viij.  day  off 
Decembre  att  Newcastell,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  xiiij.  day  off  Decembre  lent  hym  att  the  sayd  town,  xx.d. 

Item,  lent  Willyam  Hervy  off  Hyham  and  John  Borow,  the  xij.  day  off 
Decembre,  to  eche  off  them,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

summa,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  lent  Robart  Foster  wagyd  ffor  hys  brodyr  Robart  Foster,  the  xvij. 

day  off  Desembre  at  Newcastell,  iiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  lent  John  Glynder  w.  ffor  the  town  off  Claydon,  the  xvij.  day  off 

Desembre  att  Newcastell,  ij.s.  iiij.d. 


183 

A.D.  1462-3.       Item,  lent  John  Fylbryge  gentylman,  at  Newcastell  the  viij.  day  off  De- 

cembre,  ^j.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  lent  John  Radclyff  son  to  Jamys  Radclyffe,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  lent  John  Elsynge  w.  ffor  Herry  Tomore,  the  viij.  day  off  Desembre 

att  Newcastelle,  xx.d. 

Item,  lent  Thurston  Tomour,  John  Iryke,  John  Hayward,  John  Stothyere, 

Robart  TorboUe,  to  yche  off  them,  the  viij.  day  off  Januare  at  the  cete  off 

Doram,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

summa,  xyj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  lent  hym  that  was  hurt  with  a  gonne,  dwellynge  besyde  Bun-  and 

w.  ffor  Lyvermere,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

foi.  22.  b.  Item,  lente  Roger  Sylver  wagyd  ffor  the  town  off  Kentyfford,  the  xiiij.  day 

of  Januare,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  lent  Richard  Lucas,  Thomas  Wagge,  Nycolas  Ran,  Thomas  Bame, 

Robart  Ran,  w.  ffor  Cawndyshe,  to  yche  off  them  the  xvij.  day  off  Decembre 

at  Newcastell,  ij.s. 

Item,  to  yche  off  them,  the  v.  day  off  Januare,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  ych  off  them,  the  x.  day  off  Januare,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

summa,  Hij.s.  iiij.d. 

A.  D.  1463.        Tlies  urretenge  wetenes  that  iij.  ■^ere  of  the  Kenge  and  iij.  day  of  November, 

Nekol  Ratekleffe  and  I  howete  xxxiij.  hoxsen  fore  xviij.li.  iiij.s.  viij.d.,  and  ther 

of  I  pay  d  ix.li.  ij.s.  iiij.d.,  and  we  moste  pay  fore  the  karyenge  home  besyde 

that,  and  we  have  sente  theme  to  Framenghame  Parke. 

And  the  same  day  that  my  lordes  men  rode  home  I  borowed  of  Belyngford, 

tj.s.  viij.d. 
And  I  lente  to  Felbrege  the  same  day,  ij.s.  viij.d. 

And  so  he  howethe  me  in  al,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  I  lente  to  ^onge  Boston  same  day,  iij.s. 

And  J.  Payne  howethe  me,  as  the  tresorer  knowethe  wel,for  a  ' 

foi.  23.  M*-  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Edward  off  Manytre  a  barelle  off  goraie- 

powdere. 

'^\To  remember  to  haske  the  mony  of  Molense  fore  myn  hoxsen,  and  for  my 
saltefesche,  and  fore  my  herenge.'\ 

'  Blank  in  MS.  =  Cancelled. 


184 


A.D.  1463^. 


fol.  23.  b. 


A.  D.  1465. 


fol.  24. 


J 


And  to  remember  I  have  a  grey  korser  gohethe  in  Homenenge  Parke,  and  ij. 
hawmbelerres  koltes  in  Wensche  parke. 

'  ^And  the  amj.  day  of  Janever  I  bowete  ofRoberd  Bernard  the  konstabelschepe 
of  Bramborow,  and  he  ad  of  me  therfore  my  bayard^  kresener,  the  pryse  viy.li. 
And  the  same  day  my  lord  selled  me  my  patente,  and  I  have  bowete  of  Ser 
Tomas  the  person  of  Seyente  Leonardes  thes  same  day  xl.  some  wete,  hevery 
some  for  ij.s.  viij.d.,  and  hevery  viij.  b-^?  heped;  and  Ix.  some  malte,  and  hevery 
some  fore  ij.s.  viij.d.,  hevery  viij.  by  heped.  And  he  hathe  ^even  me  a  tone  of 
syder,  and  the  tresorer  a  ton  and  a  pype  of  wyte  wyen. 

Heme,  I  have  greed  wethe  Roberd  Langeton  fore  the  konstabelschepe  of 
Branborow,  fore  xx.li.    And  I  schal  nat  interepte  heme  deweryng  is  lyffe. 

And  the*  was  wreten  the  iiij.  3ere  of  the  Kenge  and  a  weke  afore  Hester, 
and  he  schal  pay  me  as  ite  perethe  be  is  he  .  .  . 
And  the  pry  or  of  Lowes  howethe  me        ° 

^[Item,  the  v"*.  yere  of  Kynge  Edward  the  iiij"'.  and  the  vj.  day  of  June, 
my  master  delyverd  to  Willyata  Kerver  keper  of  the  Quenes  wardroppe,  a 
warant  dyrecte  to  the  said  Willyam  fro  the  Quene,  to  delyver  to  my  said 
mastyr  vij.  yerdes  of  grene  velvet  for  a  gowne,  and  he  hath  the  warant  and 
my  mastyr  hathe  not  the  velvet  not  yett.] 
/  have  it. 
''\Iteme,  my  lord  Staford  of  Sowtheweke^  hathe  ^even  me  xij.  Walsche 
kewes.] 

I  have  theme. 
Heme,  Keston  ij.  kandelstekes  andj.  pelow ;  and  the  bede  maker  a  pelow. 
M^.j.pelow. 

Item,  to  remembre  that  my  mastyr  do  sett  a  cortt'  att  the  pryory,  and  to 
take  uppe  alle  the  fynes  ifor  the  alyenacyons  as  wele  of  Hew  Smyth  as  of  odre. 
Heme,  Tomas  Howe  hath  qfmyn  j.  tone  of  rede  wyne  and  a  pype  of  wyte 
wyne  and  a  pype  of  seyder. 

And  Welyem  Hamond  of  Bryte  Helmeston^"  kepethefore  me  a  new  seyel,  a 
maste,  iij.  hankeres  and  thre  kabeles,  wethe  hoder  stofe. 


>  These  entries  are  cancelled.  2  ^ay  courser. 

"  Blank  in  MS.      «  '  Cancelled.        «  Southwick. 


,  2  bushels, 
court  baron. 


*  Sic. 
'»  Co.  Sussex. 


185 

A.  D.  1465.        Heme,  to  remember  that  is  sente  be  a  man  kaled        '         to  Newkastel  ser- 
ten  bere  and  serten  flower. 

Heme,  to  remember  that  Beschard  Felaw  hathe  of  meyn  to  hoter  serten  befe 
serten  bere  and  serten  flower  pyped,  as  it  pcrethe  be  Korbetes  beles. 

''[Item,  the  v"*-  yer  of  Kynge  Edward  the  iiij"'.  and  in  the  monyth  of 
Aprylle,  my  mastyr  sold  to  a  bocher  of  Sudbyry  ij.  oxsen  the  pryse  of  them, 
and  he  owyth  my  mastyr  therfore,  v.  marc] 

Paid  the  xvj.  day  of  June. 

Item,  Sothewelle  owyth  my  master,  xxv.s. 

Item,  the  Kynge  owyth  my  master  for  the  lady  Fewater^  for  the  sewer- 
sheppe  att  the  coronacyon,  v.li. 

Item,  the  Kynge  owyth  to  my  lord  of  NoriFolke  and  my  lord  Latemer  for 
the  almesse  dyshe  the  same  day,  xx.li. 

The  wyche  xx.li.  my  said  mastyr  most  resseyve. 
foi.  24.  b.  Iteme,  John  Boteler  of  Herwesche  is  on  of  the  iij.  that  was  arested  at  the 
sam£  towen  be  Pertones  warente,  and  the  sam^  Per  ton  toke  of  theme*  and  is  ij. 
felowes  the  iiij.  yre  of  the  Kenge  and  in  Hester  weke,  at  is  howen  plase,  xl.s. ; 
and  the  same  John  Boteler  of  Herwesche  wolde  have  greed  and  T  ad  wold  to 
have  ^even  me  hevery  ^ere  xx.  godes^ 

'[Item,  Baldry  owyth  my  mastyr  as  James  Hobard  knowyth  wele,  payable 
withynne  a  yer,  xxx.li.J 

Iteme,  to  remember  that  master  Roberd  Kopenge  hathe  of  myn  the  iiij.  -^ere 
of  Kenge  Heddeward  and  at  Hester,  ij.  hastelabores^  that  ware  some  tyme  the 
Dewke  of  Glowseteres. 
Nota. 

And  to  remember  that  Hery  Tomor  hathe  of  myn  to  kepe  my  patente  of  my 
fe  that  I  have  of  the  Habes^  of  Maldenge.^ 

And  to  remember  that  James  Hoberde  moste  take  fore  me  of  the  fermor  of 
the  maner  of  Demynton,^"  ■rl.li. 

IVer  of  I  schale  ressey  honward  the  iiij.  ^ere  of  the  Kenge  and  the  xx.  day 
of  Aperel,  xJi. 

>  Blank  in  MS.        *  Cancelled.        '  Fitzwalter.        *■  him.        »  Sic.        «  Cancelled. 
'  hastelaners,  in  N.  MS.,  where  this  and  the  following  entry  occur  in  the  steward's 
writing:  fol.  1/.  b.  «  Abbess.  '  Maldon  '°  Dennington,  Co.  Suffolk. 

B  B 


186 

A.  n.  14G4.        And  of  the  xl.li.  I  resseyved  of  James  the  iiij.  }er  of  the  Kenge  and  the  xxj. 
day  of  Aperel,  '  xiy.li.vj.s.mij.d. 

And  so  ther  is  howenge  me  ^ete  xl.  marke  onpayd  of  the  halfe. 

NOTA. 

M*.  that  Robert  Rombold  fermor  at  Hynton  owyth  my  lady  my  masters 
moder,  at  his  last  account,  xxv.s.  viij.d.  ob. 

Item,  the  yer  abovesaid  and  the  vij.  day  of  June,  my  mastjrr  lent  to  Syi* 
John  Hobbes  of  Herewyche,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  a  boscher  of  Kokefeld  holdethe  lond  frome  the  wesche  he  hathe  forfeted 
be  a  rere  hentery,      ■  xl.s. 

And  I  have  lysente  hems  to  henter,  as  Skoyel  kowethe  wel,  for  he  laborede 
thes  mater. 

And  on  of        '        howethe  me  an  hoxe,  as  Korbete  and  Ford  kowethe  wel. 

2[Item,  John  HyUe  of  Claydon  [off]  owyth  my  mastyr  off  the  gret  mesor 
off  Sudbury,  vj.  seme  otys, 

And  Ix.  seme  wete  and  ny  v.  li.  in  mony.] 

And  the  Kenge  howethe  me  xxx.li.  for  mony  leyd.  dowen  fore  the  kerveP  of 
Donwesche,  and  he  howethe  me  l.li.  that  I  have  onpayd  of  a  tayel.* 
foi.  ■>:■,.  b.         And  Wendame^  howethe  me  be  oblygasyon,  w.  marke. 

And  Reschard  Felaw  hathe  the  oblygasyon  to  kepefore  me. 
Nota. 

Iteme,  the  iiij.  ^ere  of  the  Kenge  and  the  xij.  day  of  Juen,  I  lente  to  Welyeme 
Hore  in  mony,  ^iy^^  i^jj^ 

And  the  iiij.  ^ere  of  the  Kenge  and  the  Throsday  nexte  before  Medesomer  I  was 
at  Hepesweche,  and  Reschard  Felaw  tolde  me  that  he  ad  delyverd  to  Gawdyner, 
of  my  mony,  xx.  marke,  and  now  I  hame  agreed  wethe  heme  that  he  schal  pay 
me  my  mony  a  geyen  at  Mekelmes  nexte  komhenge,  fore  the  wesche  some 
Gawdyner  and  John  Zonge  of  Hepeswesche  ar  bowendene  to  me  be  oblygasyon, 
and  Reschard  Felaw  hathe  it  to  kepefore  me. 

Iteme,  to  remember  I  mad  heme  thath  is  Pryor  of  Lewes  now  Pryor ;  and 
heme  that  is  Habote  of  Seynte  Johnes^  now  Habote. 
foi.  26.  y^Koyel  and  Skoyle  howethe  me  onpayd,  iij.li.  vj.s.  viij.d,  fore  Hester  laste 

Blank  in  both  MSS.  »  Cancelled.  3  caravel.  4  tally. 

Wyndham  '  St.  JoWs  Abbey,  Colchester  ?  ?  Cancelled. 


1S7 

A.  D.  i4f.4.  ^[Iteme,  to  remember  that  I  may  sesse^  theplase  that  Mawede  Clerke  dwellethe 
in  wane  I  wol  in  to  myne  and,  for  sche  ad  it  never  of  my  graiveitte.] 

heme,  to  remember  that  Gaynesfordes  sane,  that  dede  is,  is  ward  to  my  lord 
Shales. 

^{Iteme  to  remember  that  Roger  Goldewen  of  Addeley  howethe  me  the  iiij.  \er 
of  Kenge  Hedeivard  and  ij.  day  of  September,  xx.  murke. 

fore  the  wesche  he  is  bowenden  to  Tomas  Molense  be  oblygasyon  to  pay  ut 
Krestemes  nexte  komehenge,  x.  marke,  and  at  Hester  nexte  folowenge,  x.  marke.] 

Iteme,  the  iiij.  ^ere  of  Kenge  Edew^.  and  the  x.  day  of  Sepetember,  I  mad  a 
newe  komnawente  wethe  Fensche  that  he  schal  kepe  the  gayel  as  dede*  be  fore, 
and  gader  me  the  hondered  of  Tenderenge,  and  '^ete  he  pay  me  iij.li.  a  -,ere  mor 
than  he  dede  before,  and  the  bayles  and  al  hoder  tkenges  resservede  to  myselfe 
as  they  ware  befor. 

fol.  26.  b.  'Edward  be  the  grace  of  God  Kyng  of  Yngland,  of  Frawnce,  and  lord  of 

Yrland,  to  alle  sryffes,  mayrys,  escheatours,  castumers,  and  othyr  owt  oflfj-cers, 
mynstrys,  liegemen,  and  subgittys,  and  to  everi  of  them  to  whom  thees  our 
leters  shal  be  shewyd,  gretyng.  We  late  you  wete  that  we  of  our  especial 
grace,  for  certeyn  causis  and  consyderacyons  us  moevyng,  have  lycenced 
our  trusty  and  welebelovyd  knisth  Syr  John  Howard,  one  of  owre 
kervers,  to  bryng  or  do  be  to  be  brout,  for  this  tyme  only,  into  this  oure 
reame  out  of  the  contreys  of  Flaundrys,  Holand,  Zeland,  or  Brabant,  x. 
tonne  of  Gascoyne  wyne  for  his  howsold.  We  therfore  wul  and  charge 
you  to  suffjT  hym  and  his  deputes  in  that  partye  peasibly  to  enjoye  our 
sayd  lycence  wyth  outyn  any  let,  interupcyon  or  impediment,  any  restraynt 
or  ordenaunce  made  to  the  contrary  nat  wythstandyng,  as  ye  wuU  answere 
to  us.  Yevyn  undyr  our  syngnet,  at  oure  paleys  of  Westminstre,  the  seconde 
day  of  Marche  the  thryd  yere  of  oure  reigne. 

And  the  v.  ',ere  of  the  Kenge  and  on  Bt-ynte  Laicrense  heveit,^  I  dede  reken 

'  Cancelled.  "  seize.  '  Cancelled. 

*  Sic,  for  as  he  did.  The  gaol  referred  to  is  that  of  Colchester.  This  and  the  three 
preceding  entries  occur,  in  the  steward's  writing,  in  X.  MS   fol.  IS. 

*  This  writ  i^  in  a  formal  law  hand.  ^  eve. 


188- 


A.  D.  1465. 


fol.  27. 


A.D.  1463. 


wethe  Harynton  thefermore  of  Fresfelde  and  he  howethe  me,  al  thenges  alowed 
heme,  fore  Hester  laste  posed,  iiij.  marke. 

And  soe^  of  Waldenfeld  hmoethe  me  as  Roberd  Bornawnte  kwoethe  wel,  beter 
than  fore  mony  that  I  lente  herne  to  go  throw  wethe  Ser  Roberd  Sehawem- 
berleyfore  serten  hoblygasyones  fore  hontenge? 

Thys  wrytynge  made  the  thryd  3ere  oiF  Kynge  Edward  the  ....  and 
the  ij.  day  Auguste,  wytnessyth  what  my  mastyr  hath  payd  to  Rechard 
Owtlaw,  mastyr  off  the  Mary  Talbott,  at  the  goynge  to  the  see. 

In  prymisj  the  day  a  bovesayd  my  mastyr  payd  be  the  hand  off  Corbet  to 

the  sayd  Rechard  Owtlaw  ffor  hym,  and  prest'  ffor  j.  c.  of  hys  men,  as  there 

namys  a  pere  afftyrward,  xj.li.  . 

Item,  the  purser  receyvyd  of  Richard  Felawe,  iij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  the  sayd  Ryschard  Owhtlawe,  the  xxix.  day 

of  August,  for  prest  for  the  sayd  men,  xx.li. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  to  the  porcer*  of  the  Mary  Talbot,  the  xxx.  day  of 

August,  xx.s. 

Iteme,  to  ryde  wethe  me  to  \the\  Wa  .  .  .  .* 

Bere  John  Komberton 

Tomas  Molense 

Strawange 

Ulyante 

Roberd  Thrope 

Tomas  Thrope 

Roberd  Koke 

Roberde  Klerke 

Davy 

Ravensby 

Raberd  Taylor 

John  Parker 

Nekolas  Wevenyngal 

Senklow 


Throfton  Pare 

Weteby 

Hyne 

Brownenge 

Reschard  Mor 

Tomas  Barker 

Browene 

Janen 

John  Despayne 

Janen  Dewschen 

Lew 

Kombertones  man 

John  Koke. 


'  The  farmer  of.  ^  hunting^.  »  imprest.  ■•  purser 

5  This  appears  to  be  a  list  of  the  retainers  who  accompanied  Sir  John  to  Wales  in  1463. 
See  p.  160. 


189 


A.  D.  1463. 
fol.  27.  b. 


fol.  28. 


Ihus' 
Rechard  Owtlawe  mayster. 

John  Grey  ij.s. 

John  Pateyn  ij.s. 

John  Botysdale  ij.s. 

Thomas  Bukle  ij.s. 

Thomas  Andrewe  ij.s. 

Andrew  Gardener  ij.s. 

John  Brown  ij.s. 

John  Wortle  ij.s. 

John  Warkas  ij.s. 

Robert  Clerk  ij.s. 
Robert  Klerk  of  Herwysche 

Robert  Fuller  ij.s. 

Nicolas  Herberd  ij.s. 

John  Andrewe  ij.s. 

John  Adhamson  ij.s. 

John  Owtlawe  ij.s. 

John  Batayly  ij.s. 

Nicolas  Bardy  ij.s. 

John  Duddy  ij.s. 

Sawndyr  Johnson  ij.s. 

John  Dale  ij.s. 

WiUyam  Clerk  ij.s. 

Thomas  Arnold  ij.s. 

John  Tymbemian  ij.s. 

John  Johnson  ij.s. 

The}  men  that  ben  beforne  un-etyn  am  of  Lynne. 
Chelmektox  and  Wulferston. 

John  Zonge  ij.s. 

John  Dekeman  ij.s.     Bimond  Stepyng 

Robert  Ponder  ij.s. 


1  List  of  the  crew  of  the  "  Mary  Talbot." 


190 


A.  D.  1463.    Thomas  Pery 

ij.s. 

William  Levynton 

ij.s. 

Richard  Rolff 

ij.s. 

John  Brooke 

ij.s. 

John  Colpho  of  Wolverston. 

Nicolas  Symond 

ij.s. 

Robert  Bongge 

ij.s. 

Willyam  Blake 

ij.s. 

John  Culpho 

ij.s. 

John  Brysle 

ij.s. 

Thomas  SpyUyng 

ij.s. 

Robert  PyUerowe 

ij.s. 

Thomas  HoweU 

ij.s. 

John  Dykeman  of  Edwarton. 

John  Hubberd 

ij.s. 

John  [Broke]  Borghe 

ij.s. 

John  Rudlond 

ij.s. 

John  PyUerowe 

ij.s. 

Nicolas  Powle 

ij.s. 

Willyam  Wendy 

ij.s. 

John  a  Wood 

ij.s. 

John  [Brown]  Brom 

ij.s. 

John  Browne  of  Doverkort. 

Benet  Kylderby 

ij.s. 

John  Cookke 

ij.s. 

John  Willyamson 

ij.s. 

Thomas  Brysle 

ij.s. 

Robart  Castell 

ij.s. 

fol.  28.  b.                  ChELMETON. 

John  BuUeyii 

ij.s. 

Payde  be  me,  xxviij.  day  of 

John  Hewet 

ij.s. 

Hawgoste. 

John  Dullok 

ij.s. 

Nicholas  Stephen 

ij.s. 

John  Bronoh 

ij.s. 

John  Here 

ij.s. 

[Richard  Rolken] 

191 


A.  D.  1463. 

John  Rolfe 

ij.s. 

Willyam    Goodman  of 

by  the  mayster, 
And  Goodmans  man 

Manytre, 

schiped 
ij.s. 
ij.s.. 

nate  -jete 

COLNBYS. 

Willyam  Owmfrey 
Robart  Cole 
John  Cawnse 
John  Sabbe 
Robart  Kyrkby 
Hekwytche. 

ij.s. 
ij.s. 
ij.s. 
ij.s. 
ij.s.. 

Per  Thomas  a  Chambyr.  They 
war  not  kome  in  tel  the  xxx. 
day  of  Hawgoste. 

Willyam  Berre 
Adham  Palmer 
John  a  CasteUe 
John  Sylver 

ij.s. 
ij.s. 
ij.s. 
ij.s. 

They    kame    nat    in    tel    the 
xxix.  day  of  Hawgoste. 

Robert  Clerke 

ij.s.. 

Nacton. 

Nicolas  Reed 

ij.s. 

Thomas  Lokke 

ij.s. 

Robery  Abery 
Richard  Sparowe 
Roger  Chaserowe 
[John  Halawtre] 
Thomas  Purdy 
Thomas  Blakman 
Edmond  Arnold 
John  Warner 

ij.s. 

ij.s. 

ij.s. 

ij.s. 

ij.s.. 

ij.s. 

ij.s. 

ij.s. 

nat  ',ete. 

Tlie  Fryday  the  xxv. 
day  of  Hawgoste. 

John  Merschnan 

ij.s.. 

, 

Robart  Hardyng 
John  Hakan 

ij.s. 
ij.s. 

nate  }ete. 

Payde  be  me,  nat  ^te  kome. 

fol.  29. 

Somer  ajakete. 
John  Heuman. 

Th 

e    botswayne    of   the    Mary 
Talbot  ajaket. 

Rechard  Felaw. 

Thys  wrytynge  made 

the 

thryd 

3ere  off 

KyngQ  E 

dward  the  iiij""'.  and 

192 

A.  D.  1463.    the  iiij.  day  off  August,  wytnessyth  what  my  mastyr  Syr  John  Howard  hathe 
payd  to  Rechard  Felawe  off  Yipswyche  att  the  goynge  to  the  see. 
Nota. 

In  primis,  the  sayd  Syr  John  Howard  payd  to  the  sayd  Rechard  Felaw 
the  day  befforesayd,  ffor  to  bye  corn  ffor  the  shyppe,  xx.  marc. 

Item,  the  vij.  day  off  August,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  the  same  Rechard 
Felaw,  xx.h. 

Item,  the  xij.  day  off  August,  my  mastyr  payd  to  the  sayd  Felaw,        x.h. 

The  M'iche  my  mastyr  receyvid  off  Fatter  the  under  sheryffe. 

Also  the  seyd  Rechard  Felaw  schall  answere  my  mastyr  ffor  every  bolokys 
hyde,  and  netys  hyde,  and  oxhe  hyde,  ij.s.  vij.d. 

And  he  hadde  off  the  seyd  hydes,  xliij. 

Also  he  must  answere  my  mastyr  ffor  every  c.  of  talow,  vij-s.  vj.d. 

Item,  payd  to  the  sayd   Felawe  the  xxvij.  day  of  August,  at  hys  owne 
howys,  xvij.h. 

fol.  29.  b. 
foi.  30.  M''.  of  the  parcellys  [the  parcellys]  that  Ryschard  Felawe  hayt  payd  ffor 

vetayle  and  costys  for  the  schyp  of  the  money  that  the  sayd  Ryschard  hayt 
reseyvyd  of  my  mastyr  Syr  John  Howard. 

In  primis,  payd  to  the  mastyr  and  to  the  porsere  of  the  sayd'  callyd  Mary 

Talbot  of  Lynne,  xl.s. 

Item,  payd  ffor  iiij.^  and  a  quarter  of  saltfysche,  pris  the  c,  vij.  nobelys  ix.d,^ 

Item,  payd  ffor  salt,  iij.s.  vij.d. 

Nota. 
Item,  for  ther  reward,  iiij.s. 

Summa,  x.li.  vj.s.  x.d. 
Item,  payd  ffor  [vij.]  viij.  bareUys  of  pysche  and  terre,  xliiij.s. 

Item,  payd  ffor  viij.  pypys  of  caldeweUe,  ix.s. 

Item,  ffor  iiij.  pypys  of  worsop,  v.s. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  the  porser,  xx.s. 

Item,  for  x.  doseyyn  dyschys,  ij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  ffor  xx.  drynkyng  dyscheys,  x.d. 

'  ship.  2  xotal  omitted. 


193 

A.  D.  1463         Item,  V.  doseyn  platerys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  ffor  v.  doseyn  sawceres,  x.d. 

Item,  ffor  otemele,  iij.s. 

Item,  ffor  makyng  therof,  •        xij.d. 

Item,  ffor  flesche  in  to  the  schyp,  ij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  John  of  Kent,  ij.s.  TJ.d. 

Item,  to  Peter  Van  Lowte,  viij.  here  pypys,  ix.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  Jon  Medyltun,  iij,  pypys,  iij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  to  Peter  ffor  iij.  P3rpys,  iij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  the  porser,  iiij.  pypys,  ■ 

Item,  payd  ffor  iiij.  c.  stokfyscheys,  iiij.li. 

Item,  to  Wylyam  Mylle,  ij.  pypys,  ij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  to  Magelle,  j.  pype  and  ij.  barellys,  xxij.d. 

Item,  ffor  ij.  c.  combe  mele,  xx.li. 

Item,  payd  to  Peter  Van  Lowte,  ix.  pypys,  ix.s. 

Item,  a  last  di.  barellys,  vij.s.  ^.d. 

Item,  to  Herman  ffor  vij.  pypys,  vij.s. 

Item,  payd  for  ij.  bs.  whytte  salt,  xvj.d. 

Item,  ffor  ij.  way  salt  and  x.  boschelys,  xlv.s. 

Item,  viij.  pypys  salt,  xiij.s. 

Item,  payd  to  Cokerelle  ffor  xxj.  barellys,  vij.s.  ij.d. 

Item,  Tomas  Syward  v.  barellys,  xx.d. 

John  Gosse  viij.  bareUys,  xxxij.d. 

Item,  to  John  Maget  xxx.  barellys,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  iiij.  barellys  salt,  ij.s. 
Item,  payd  to  Peter  Gam  for  hopyug  and  hedyng  and  settyng  in  of  hedys 

of  pypys  and  barells,  and  rabating  of  xl.  ber  pypys,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 
foi.  31.            Item,  payd  to  Belk3ni  ys  wyfe  ffor  viij.  menys  mete  for  saltyng  of  fflesche, 

vij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  payd  whan  the  boyt  browte  you  up,  xij.d. 

Item,  whan  the  boyt  sette  downe  Uctayte,  iij.s. 

Item,  the  fyrst  day  aftyr,  the  cok,  xv.d. 

'  Blank  in  MS. 
c  c 


194 

A.  D.  1463.        Item,  the  cok  taiyyd  for  you  fryday  and  saterday,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  iij.  materas,  x.s. 

Item,  for  iiij.  barellys  ale,             '  viij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  to  my  wyfe,  v.s. 

Item,  iiij.  reyys  wyth  a  lytere  and  a  man,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  xlv.  pypys  beyr,  xiij.li.  x.s. 

fol.  31.  b. 

Tomas  a  Chamber. 
fol.  32.  Thys  wrytynge  made  the  thryd  5ere  off  Kjmge  Edward  the  iiij.*''  and  the 

xij.  day  off  Auguste,  wytnessyth  what  my  mastyr  hathe  payd  to  Thomas 
Lynnot,  odyr  wyse  callyd  Thomas  off  Chawmbre,  att  the  goynge  to  the  see. 

In  prymys,  the  day  abovesayd  my  mastyr  payd  to  the  sayd  Thomas  ffor 
prest  off  xxix.  men,  as  ther  namys  folow,  Iviij.s. 

And  my  mastyr  toke  hym  ffor  his  ffreyte  to  Caleys  whan  he  went  wyth 
the  wolHs,  vj.H. 

And  the  xiij.  day  of  Septembre  my  mastyr  delyyeryd  hym  xx.  sheffe 
arowis  and  x.  bowis,  be  syde  the  stoff  that  he  hadde  beffore,  and  in  mony  the 
same  tyme,  xxiij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  my  mastyre  delyveryd  att  Yipswyche  the  sonday  afftyre  Myhelmesse 
day,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

fol.  32.  b.  Ferste  John  More  my  balynger  master  ajakete. 

Tomas  Parser. 
A.  D.  1464.         The  iiij.  ^ere  of  the  Kenge,  and  the  v.  day  of  May,  I  mad  reddy  to  ryde 
toward  the  Kenge  in  to  the  northe  kontery,  and  I  rode  my  selfe  on  lyard 
Hewes.^ 

And  John  Bram£  on  ^ 

^l/lnd  I  have  lente  hym  apayr  breganderys  emery d  wyth  blakke  ledere  and  a 
standard  ofmayle.] 

Roberd  Bornawnte  on  his  howen  horse. 

John  Strawenge  on  his  howen  horse. 

And  my  mastyr  lent  hym  a  payr  of  breganderys  cueryd  wyth  blak  ledyr 
and  a  stondard  off  mayll  and  a  bowe,  and  a  salat  wyth  a  vesere  of  meleyn.* 

»  Hughes  ?  -  Blank  in  MS.  ^  CanceUed.  *  Milan-steel. 


195 

A.  D.  1464.        Ser  John. 

John  Korbete  on  is  howen  horse.  And  my  mastyr  lent  hym  a  payr  of 
smale  curas  wyth  gardys  and  vumbarde,  [and  polrownys.] 

Roberd  Koke  on  ' 

And  my  mastjrr  lent  hjrm  a  Walsh  jakke  cueryd  wyth  blakke  ffusteyn. 

Throston  Par  on  bayard  Kauser.  And  my  mastyr  lent  hym  [a  Scottysh 
j  alike  cueryd  wyth  blakke  ffusteyn]  a  peyr  breganderys  cueryd  [wyth  whyte 
leder]  gren  clothe  and  a  salat  wythout  a  vyser. 

Roberd  Klerke  on  is  howen  horse,  and  I  have  lente  heme  a  dobelete  of  fense 
and  a  bowe,  and  a  salat  wyth  a  dimis  veser. 
fol.  33.  Tomas  Klere  on         '         And  my  mastyr  lent  hym  a  payr  breganderys 

wyth  sprewse  leder  and  a  .  .  .  and  a  scheffe  arays  and  a  salat  wyth  a  veser. 

John  Gelder.  And  my  mastyr  lent  hym  a  payr  breganderj's  cueryd 
wyth  crymysyn  clothe  and  a  bowe,  and  a  salat  wyth  a  veser. 

Tomas  Thrope  on  lyard  Bomaivnte. 

Jake  on  lyard  Dewras. 

John  Davy  on  bayard  Dewras. 

Janen  on  is  howen  horse.  And  my  mastyr  lent  hym  a  jakke  and  a  salat 
wyth  a  veser  of  meleyn. 

^[Reschard  Wales  on  gresel  Korteney  ;  and  he  hathe  ofmyne  a  payr  bregan- 
derys cueryd  wyth  whyte  deris  leder,  and  a  standard  of  mayle,  and  a  salat 
wyth  a  veser.] 

Reschard  Klowthe  on  bay  Kote ;  and  he  hathe  of  myne  a  payr  breganderys 
cueryd  wyth  blakke  [leder]  cloth  and  [a  salat  wythowt  a  veser.] 

Reynold  Morgan  on  a  bay  nage  of  myn,  and  I  lent  hym  a  payr  breganderys 
cueryd  wyth  blakke  leder,  and  Walshe  bylle  and  a  salat  of  meleyn. 
fol.  33.  b.         Tomas  Gare  on  ^ 

Tomas  a  Chawember  on  ' 

And  my  mastyr  lent  hym  a  payr  breganderys  cueryd  wyth  blew  clothe, 
and  a  salat  wythowt  a  vyser. 

John  Cooke  on  ^ 

'  Blanks  in  MS.  >  Cancelled.  3  Blanks  in  MS. 


196 

A.  D.  1464.  John  Broke  a  payr  breganderys  cueryd  wyth  blake  leder,  [and  a  salat 
wythowt  a  vyserj  and  a  standard  of  mayle  [and  a  bowe  and  di.  a  scheffe 
arowys]. 
A ^d' 1463  "T^ys  wrytynge  made  the  iij.  yere  off  Kynge  Edward  the  iiij.*'  and  the 
X.  day  off  August,  wytnessyth  what  stoffe  ffor  vytaylys  my  mastyr  hathe 
bowt  at  hys  goyng  to  the  see. 

In  prymis,  the  same  day  aboveseyd  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  FewiUyam 
ffor  xij.  oxsyn  pryse  the  pece  xij.s. ;  and  my  mastyr  gaff  hys  man  iij.s.'iiij.d. 

summa,  vij.li.  vij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Nycolle  Ratclyffe  ffor  to  bye 
oxsyn  ffor  hym,  ^'  niarke. 

Item,  the  xij.  day  my  mastyr  receyvid  my  mastyr  receyvid^  off  Willyam 
Tornore,  Nycolas  Ratclyffys  man,  xx.  bolokys,  and  they  cost  x.h. 

And  my  mastyr  payd  the  same  Willyam,  v.  marke. 

And  so  Nycolas  is  aUe  payd  ffor  them. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  bowt  off  John  Hylle  off  Cleydon,  k. 
hoxsyn,  pryse  the  pece  xvj.s.,  summa,  xxxij.h. 

The  wych  my  mastyr  payd  hym  the  xiij.  day  off  August. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  bowt  off  the  seyd  John  Hylle  Ix.  seme  off 
whete,  pryse  the  seme,  iij.s.  iiij.d.  summa,        ^ 

The  wyche  is  unpayd  at  the  day  [off]  above  seyd. 

All  payd. 

fol.  34.  b. 
fol.  35. 

fol.  35.  b.  My  lord ;  after  the  moste  lowly  rekommendasyon,  I  besetke  it  ^ower  good 
lordeschepe  to  wete  I  have  resseyved  ^ower  leter  that  ^e  sente  me  late  werby  I 
honderstond  that  schwche  thenge  as  36  and  I  dessyer  moste  is  in  good  wey  and 
howete  of  dowete,^  werfor  I  thank  god  and  kever  schal  wel  I  leve ;  also  [/  hon- 
derstonde  be  ^ower  lordeschepe  that  the  qwen  wol  have  my  wyffe^ '  my  lorde  I 
be  sche  ^owe  to  have  me  and  my  wyffe  [se^e]  stel  in  ^ower  remembranse,  as  I 
honderstond  wel  that  36  have  ad  be  ^ower  wryteng,  wer  of  I  thanks  }ower  ['}od] 
good  lordeschepe,  be  schenge  'joive  of  kontenewanse ;  also  my  lord  I  have  bene 
in  dyverse  plasese  wethein  Norfolke  Soffolke  and  Hesex,  [hand'\  and  have  ad 

'  Blank  in  MS.  ^  Sic.  a  Blank  in  MS.  *  out  of  doubt. 

*  This  passage  is  cancelled. 


197 

komenykasyon  of  thes  marygge,^  to  fel  howe  the  pepel  of  the  konteryes  wer 
desposed,  and  in  good  feythe  they  ar  despossed  in  the  beste  wysse  and  glade 
ther  of;  also  I  have  ben  wethe  many  dyverse  astates  to  fel  theyer  Jiertes,  and 
[in  good  feythe^  I  fowende  theme  al  ryte  wele  despossed,  safe  on,^  the  wesche  I 
schal  henforme  "iower  good  lordesche  at  my  nexte  komhenge  to  ^owe,  be  the 
grase  of  god,  ho  have  ',owe  my  ryte  spesyal  god  lord  in  is  blesed  safegard. 
At  Wensche '  \tK\  xxij.  day  of  Se* 

Also  I  be  seche  ^ower  lordeschepe  to  -jeffe  gredense  to  the  brenger  of  thes. 


fol.  36. 

fol.  36.  b. 

.  .  .  ane' 

John  Despayne 

Strawenge 

Dakere 

Roberd  Klerke 

Tome  a  Norfolke 

Throston 

Stangrame 

John  Gelder 

Rosenge 

Tom  a  Chawember 

Wendame 

Welyem  Femewel 

Is  man 

Reynold  Morgane 

John  Dowes 

Reschard  Klowthe 

Is  man. 

fol.  37. 

The 

new  kervelle. 

A.  D.  1463.  This  wrytynge  made  the  thryd  3ere  o£F  the  Kyng  Edward,  wytnessythe 
what  my  mastyr  hathe  payd  to  the  makynge  off  the  new  kervelle  at  Don- 
wyche. 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  to  the  sayd  Spence  at  Stowemarkett  the  Tuysday 
beffore  Estyr  day,  xx.s. 

And  he  hadde  off  my  mastyr  bpffore,  x.s. 

Item,  the  xij.  day  off  Aprylle  my  mastyr  payd  to  the  sayd  Spence  att 
Stoke,  v.s. 

1  There  can  be  little  doubt  that  this  letter  refers  to  the  marriage  of  the  King  with 
Elizabeth  Wydeville ;  its  date  may,  therefore,  be  assigned  either  to  1464  or  1465 :  it  has 
every  appearance  of  having  been  addressed  to  Richard,  Lord  Rivers,  her  father. 

"  save  one.  '  Wench,  Co.  Norfolk.  ■*  Sic. 

*  Names  of  Sir  John's  followers  on  his  northern  expedition  in  1464.  See  pp.  194-5  ante. 


198 

A.D,  1463.        Item,  the  x.  day  off  July  my  mastyr  toke  hym  at  Donewyche,  and  to  hys 
ffeleschepe,  ffor  to  werke  on  the  sayd  shyppe,  xxiij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  my  mastyr  spent  in  costys  to  se  the  shjrppe,  xxij.s.  j.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  ffor  viij.  bareUis  off  terre  bout  a'  Yipswyche, 

xlviij.s. 

Item,  the  iiij.  day  off  August,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Kerry  of  Selere  to  go  to 
Donwyche  to  pay  the  werkemen  that  werke  on  the  kervell,  x.  marc. 

And  the  ix.  day  off  August  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Spence  to  bye  stoffe 
to  the  sayd  kervell,  yj-s-  viij.d. 

Item,  Richard  Felaw  off  Yipswyche  hath  delyverid  to  Spence  off  my 
masterys  mony  be  my  sayd  masteris  coihaundement,  at  djrversse  tyme,  x.li.^ 

And  the  xx.  day  off  off^  Septembre  my  mastyr  delyveryd  hym  att  Wod- 
brege,*  ffor  the  sayd  karvyUe,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

And  the  xxj.  day  off  Septembre  my  mastyr  toke  hym  att  [the  same  town] 
Framyngham,  ffor  the  same  carvelle,  xxxiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  ffryday  next  afftyre  Myhelmesse  day,  my  mastyr  payd  hym 

att  Framyngham,  xx.s. 

A° 'a'i465.       Item,  the  v.*'  yer  of  Kynge  Edward  the  iiij.*  and  the  xj.  day  of  June,  my 

mastyr  delyverd  to  the  said  Spence  for  the  said  kerveUe,  ij.s. 

Item,  the  yer  abovesaid  and  the  xv.  day  of  June,  my  mastyr  deljrverd  to 
the  said  Spence,  att  Stoke,  xx.s. 

Item,  the  said  Spence  receyvid  in  my  masters  name,  the  xiij.  day  of  June 
the  yer  a  fore  said,  of  Robart  Sympson  draper  of  London,  ccc.  of  veter.  canv.' 
prise  the  c,  lyj.s.  viij.d.  summa,  viij.li.  x.s. 

Item,  the  said  Spence  receyvid  the  same  tyme  of  the  said  Sympson  ij. 
barellys  terre,  pryse,  x.s. 

Item,  he  receyvid  of  the  said  Sympson  a  scyke  of  merlynge,  the  pryse,  v.s. 

The  some  of  aUe  this  stoffe  drawyth  ix.li.  v.s. 

The  wyche  summa  my  mastyr  must  pay  to  the  said  Sympson.     , 

Item,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Spence  att  a  noder  tyme,  xx.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid  fore  his  costes  at  London,  lyenge  ther  be  dyverse 
dayis,  iiij.s. 

'  Sic.  ^  Blank,  but  inserted  in  Sir  John's  hand  in  N.  MS.  a  gic. 

*  Woodbridge,  Co.  SuflFolk.  *  old  canvas. 


199 

A.  D.  1465.         Item,  my  mastyr  delyverd  hjm  as  mekell  whete  in  pypes  as  drewe, 

xxvj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  v.""  yer  of  the  Kjrnge  and  the  x.  day  of  Jule,  my  mastyr  was 
agreid  wyth  Thomas  Chatesye'  of  Okesworthe^  for  ij.  new  cawbles  for  the 
shippe,  that  drawyth^  xx.  c.  weyte,  and  he  axseth  for  every  hondrede  xij.s., 

summa,  xij.li. 

And  therof  my  mastyr  paid  hym  the  same  day  in  emest,  v.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  toke  to  Spence  at  London,  v.s. 

Item,  the  same  ropyr*  resseyved  of  Braham  wythjmne  iij.  dayis  afftyr,  as 
it  perythe  be  Brahams  boke,  iiij.  marc. 

Item,  Braham  delyverd  at  a  nodyr  tyme  to  the  said  ropyr,  xx.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Thomas  a  Chambre  wythjrnne  a  weke  aftre 
Myhelmesse  for  the  said  shippe,  to  go  to  Donwyche  to  pay  wyth*  the  werke- 
men  that  wrout  on  the  said  shippe,  x.li. 

Item,  the  iiij.  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Spence,  *xv.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  spente  for  the  costes  of  a  man,  of  hys'  lyinge  at  Don- 
wyche, to  se  the  shyppe  made,  xiiij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  for  the  costes  of  a  noder  man  to  wayte  on  the  shippe,  be  a  nodre 
space,  xj.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  hathe  paid  for  yren  werke  more  than  xiij.li.  v.s. 

Item,  delyverd  as  mekell  ropes  and  olde  kabeUe  as  drew  xj,  marc. 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid  for  a  bote,*  xlvj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  paid  for  the  maste  of  the  said  shippe,  v.h. 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid  for  the  yerde,  '  .  .  .  . 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid  for  the  toppe,  *  .  .  .  . 

And  the  nexte  Sonday  affter  Mekelmes  day  I  toke  to  Spemes  broder  and  to 

hoder  is '»  men  that  Umgethe  to  the  kervel,  xx.d. 

foi.  3s.  Item,  the  xiij.  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Spence,  xvj.d. 

»  Chateryse,  in  N.  MS.        »  Oxeborgthe,  in  N.  MS.        '  N.  .MS.  supplies  this  word. 

••  i.  e.  "  Thomas  Chatesye,"  the  rope  maker  mentioned  above.  *  therewith. 

"  xx.d.,  in  N.  MS.  '  awne,  N.  -AIS.  '  for  the  said  kervelle,  N.  MS. 

'  Blanks  in  P.  MS.,  torn  oflFin  N.  .MS.  '»  menne,  X.  MS. 


200 

A.  D.  1465.        Item,  her  begynneth'  the  costes  that  my  mastyr  hath  paid  for  hryngyng 
of  the  shippe  ^  owt  of  Donwyche  ^  into  Orwell  Haven. 

In  primis,  my  mastyr  paid  to  John  Spence,  iij.s.  iiij.d.  Item,  to  John 
Russte,  xij.s.  Item,  to  BlowboUe,  xxij.d.  Item,  to  John  Forest,  xij.d. 
Item,  to  Thomas  Page,  xij.d.  Item,  to  Richard  Stanle,  xij.d.  Item,  to 
Wylyam  Scott,  xij.d.  Item,  to  Raffe  Wulsy,  xviij.d.  Item,  to  Jefirey 
Frebem,  xviij.d.  Item,  to  Richard  Gierke,  xviij.d.  Item,  to  Thomas  Thm's- 
ton,  xij.d.  Item,  to  WUlyam  Roper,  x.d.  Item,  to  Robard  Spence,  xij.d. 
Item,  to  Roberd  Rust,  viij.d.  Item,  to  Richard  Kynge,  ij.s.  ij.d.  Item,  to 
John  Andrew,  vj.d.  Item,  to  ij.  men  of  Norwych,  xij.d.  Item,  to  Hanse, 
vj.d.  Item,  to  Willyam  Martyn,  vj.d.  Item,  to  WiUyam  Spencer,  vj.d.  Item, 
to  John  oiF  Sandwyche,  vj.d.  Item,  to  Willyam  his  felaw,  vj.d.  Item,  to 
John  Smythe,  xviij.d.  Item,  to  Roberd  Brownenge,  xij.d.  Item,  to  Roberd 
Forbyshor,  viij.d.  Item,  to  John  Spences  chylde,  iij.d.'* 
Summ^  totaUs,  xxviij.s.  iiij.d. 
Item,  in  aparayll  of  the  said  shippe  ;  ferst,  payd  be  my  mastyr  for  ropes 
for  hyr  srowde,  the  wyche  weyid  xv.  stone,  ij.h.,  prise  the  stone,  xxj.d., 

summa,  xxvj.s.  .  .  . 
Item,  for  ij.  bowlynes  weyinge  v.  stone,  xj.h.,  prise  the  stone,  xxj.d., 

summa,  x.s.  viij.d.  ob. 
Item,  for  ij.  teyis  weyinge  vij.  stone,=  the  stone  xxj.d.,  summa,  xiij.s.  ix.d. 
Item,  for  an  anwser  weyinge  iii.  stone  viij.U.,  summa,  vj.s.  iij.d. 

Item,  for  ij.  shetes  weyinge  x.  stone,  iij.li.,  the  stone  xxj.d., 

summa,  xvij.s.  x.d.  ob. 
Item,  my  mastyr  paid  for  ij.  lynes,  xij.d. 

Summa,  iij.li.  xyj.s,  j.d. 
Item,  my  mastyr  paid  for  a  ffukke  maste,  iiij.s.  iiij.d.     Item,  for  a  yerde 
for  a  meseyn,6  xyj.d.     Item,  for  xxiij.  hordes,  every  pece  iij.d., 

summa,  v.s.  ix.d. 

•  Item  thes  bene  the,  N.  MS.  2  t^e  said  kervelle,  N.  MS. 

3  owt  of  Domvyche,  omitted  in  N.  MS. 

4  These  payments  are  entered  in  separate  lines  in  N.  MS. 

'  and  xij.li.,  pryse  the,  N.  MS.  '     6  mizen. 


201 

A.  D.  1465.  Item,  for  iij..  grete  polyves,'  ij.s.  Item,  for  a  bowlyne  polyve,  vj.d.  Item, 
for  vij.  smale  polyves,  xiiij.d.  Item,  for  iij.  dedmen  hiighett,^  iij.d.  Item, 
for  iiij.c.  hache  nayle,  xvj.d.  Item,  for  a  c.  and  di.  of  dore  nayle,  ix.d. 
Item,  for  a  quarter  of  sharpenge  for  the  rother,  iiij.d.  Item,  for  a  c. 
spykynges,  ij.s.  vj.d.  Item  for  xvj.li.  iren  wrowte,  prise  the  li.,  j.d.  ob.,  summa, 
ij.s.  Item,  for  the  drawenge  of  iij,  kolkes'  of  iren  for  the  halyher,  iiij.d. 
Item,  for  iiij.U.  talow,  iiij.d.  Item,  for  ij.  pottes,  ij.d.  Item,  forxvj.  hordes, 
iiij.s.  Item,  for  iij.  platers  and  a  sawsett,^  ij.d.  Item,  for  a  koket,"  iiij.d. 
Item,  for  a  stroppe  and  for  a  brydell,  viij.d.,  siimma,  xxviij.s.  ij.d. 

Summa  totahs,  v.li.  iiij.s.  iij.d. 
foi.  38.  b.  Item,  my  mastyr  paid  for  vetayles  in  Donwyche  haven.  In  primis,  my 
mastyr  paid  for  iiij.  doseyn  brede,  iiij.s.  Item,  to  Clayse  off  Wallyswyke* 
for  iiij.  barelles  here,  viij.s.  Item,  for  drye  reyhe,'  iiij.d.  Item,  for 
herynge,  iiij.d.^  Item,  for  vj,  eowple  of  saltffyshe,  iij.s.  Item,  for  freshe 
fyshe,  ij.d.  Item,  for  a  chese,  vj.d.  Item,  for  flesh  for  an  hole  beste,'  viij.s. 
Item,  at  Wallyswyse'"  for  ale  for  fawte  of  here,  iij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid  for  expenses  of  the  said  shipe  in  Orewell. 

Ferst,  for  a  dosen  of  brede,  xij.d.  Item,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Clayson  for  a 
barell  of  here,  xx.d.  Item,  for  iij.  dosen  brede,  iij.s.  Item,  for  iij.  quarters 
beffe,  iiij.s.  vj.d.  Item,  for  di.  a  c.  herenge,  iij.d.  ob.  Item,  for  di.  a  b}.  of 
baye  salt,  ij.d.  ob.     Item,  for  freshe  iyshe,  ij.d. 

Summa,  xxxvj.s.  ij.d. 

Item,  the  v.""  yere  of  Kynge  Edward  the  iiij.""  one"  the  xviij.  day  of 
Octobre,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Clayson  berebrewer  of  Herew^che,  for  iiij. 
barelles  of  here  that  Thomas  of  Chambre  had  taken  for  the  kervelle, 

vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Spence,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  one  of  the  sawers  that  came 
wyth  the  said  Spence,  iiij.d. 

'  puUies.  '  ighen,  N.  MS.  >  boltes,  X.  >IS.  *  fawset,  N.  MS. 

'  boket,  N.  MS.    »  Walbyswyke,  N.  MS.    '  rye.— reyghe,  N.  MS.    »  xiij.d.,  N.  MS. 
»  N.  MS.  reads,  "  Item,  paid  for  an  hole  best,  viij.s."  '"  "  Walbyswyke,"  N.  MS. 

»  and,  N.  MS. 
D  D 


202 

A.  D.  1465,  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  John  Ruste,  mastyr  of  the 
kervell,  ij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Petman  the  shipwryte,  for 
werke  done  on  the  said  kerVell,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same '  my  mastyr  paid  serten  men  for  ther  labor  in  helpynge 
of  the  kervell  in  a  storme,  wyth  the  bote  of  the  said  kervell,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  tyme  my  mast3rr  spent  in  costes  be  ij.  dayis,  in  seyinge  of 
the  said  kerveU  at  Herewyche,  x.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  xxv.  day  of  Octobre  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Thomas  a  Chaipbre 
for  the  said  kerveU,  x.s. 

Item,  the  iij."*^  day  of  Novembre  my  mastyr  toke  to  Thomas  a  Chambre 
for  the  said  shippe,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Spence  for  the  same  shippe,  xvj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  sertayn  werkemen  of  the  said  kervell 
to  drynke  homeward,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  vj.  day  of  Novembre  my  mastyr  toke  to  Thomas  a  Chambre 
for  to  pay  to  Gregory  Whytenge,  for  tymbre  for  the  said  kerveU,  xx.s. 

Item,  the  xiij.  day  of  Novembre  my  mastyr  toke  to  Thomas  a  Chambre 
for  the  said  kervell,  xx.s. 

Item,   the  xxj.  day  of  Novembre  my  mastyr    delyverd   to  Thomas  a 

Chambre  for  the  said  kervell,  xxiij.s.  iiii.d. 

foi.  39.  Item,  my  mastyr  paid  for  xxij.  okes  for  the  said  kerve,^  for  every  pece 

xviij.d.,  s\mima,  xxxiij.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid  for  xxxiiij.  gret  kneis,  prise  of  every  kne  sawed 
and  hewed,  iiij.s.,  summa,  vj.li.  xvj.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  bout  for  the  said  kervell  iij."  fete  of  horde,  prise  of  every 
c,  uj.s.j  summa,  iiij.li.  x.s. 

And  this  a  bove  wreten  drew  as  meche  as  xvj.  cartes  j.  day,  prise  every 
carte,  ij.s.,  summa,  xxxij.s. 

Item,the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  the  said  kervell  iiij.'^  of  gret 
nayle,  prise  the  c,  v.s.,  summa,  xx.s. 

Item,  the  yj.  day  of  Desembre  my  mastyr  toke  to  Thomas  a  Chambre  for 
the  said  kervell, 

'  day,  N.  MS.  2  kervelle,  N.  MS. 


203 

A.D.  1465.  'And  the  v.'  ^ere  of  the  Kenge  and  the  sevj.  day  ofFeverer,  I payd  to  Tomas 
Breten  of  Londend  fore  iiij.  boltes  of  kanas  konteynenge  ij.  c.  heles,^  and  he  ad 
therfore,  vj.U. 

And  I  payd  heme  fore  vj.  bareles  pesche  and  ij.  barelles  tere,       .  xl.s. 

And  I  payd  fore  iiij.  dosen  ofmerleng^  iiij.s. 

And  fore  vij.peses  ofwenewys,  c.  s. 

And  I  payd  to  Roger  Crosefore  karyage,  ij.s.  viij.d. 

And  the  xxiij.  day  ofFeverer  I  take  to  Tomas  a  Schamber,  xxw.s. 

*Itein,  in  Crystemesse  my  mastyr  toke  Spence  at  London,  in  mony,     ij.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid  for  his  costes  ther,  ij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  xiiij.  day  of  Janever  my  mastyr  toke  Thomas  a  Chambre,      x.s. 

Item,  the  xxij.  day  of  Jenever  my  mastyr  ded  reken  wpAi  Elys  carpenter 
of  Shotley,  and  he  axseth  for  vj.  dayis  werke,  pryse  the  day,  x.d., 

summa,  v.s. 

The  wyche  some  my  mastyr  paid  hym  this  same  day. 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid  hym  more  for  his  carte  on  the  next  day,  x.d. 

Item,  the  xxij.  day  of  Jenever,  the  Wednysday,  my  mastyr  ded  reken 
wyth  all  the  carpenters  that  werken  on  his  shippe  : 

Ferst,  Peteman  is  aw3n:ige  into  the  said  day  at  even,  impaid,         v.s.  ix.d. 

The  wyche  my  mastyr  paid  hym  this  same  day. 
fol.,39.  b.         Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Robart,  v.s. 

'  The  above  items,  in  the  writing  of  Sir  John  Howard,  occur  in  the  Steward's  hand  in 
the  Norfolk  Manuscript,  and  with  some  variations  :  they  are  as  follows,     (fol.  76.) 

"  Item,  the  vth.  yere  of  Kenge  Edward  the  iiijth.  and  the  xv.  day  of  Feverer,  my 
mastyr  Syr  John  Howard  bout  [for  a  seyle]  at  London  iiij.  c.  eUes  of  canvas  for  a 
seyle,  the  pryse,  vj .  li . 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  [paid]  bout  a  last  of  pyche  and  terre,  iij.li. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  bout  viij.  doseyn  of  merlynge,  pryse,  viij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  bout  xiiij.  pecez  of  wenewyse,  pryse,  x.s. 

Item,   the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  for  caryage  of  the  said  stoff  hom  be  water, 
unto  the  s^d  kerveUe,  iiij.s. 

Item,  the  xxiij.  day  of  Feverer  my  mastyr  toke  to  Thomas  a  Chambre,  xxx.s. 

5  ells.  3  marling  spikes  ? 

<  All  the  entries  from  this  item  to  line  22,  on  the  following  page,  are  made  in  Sir  John's 
writing  in  N.  MS.,  fol.  75.  b. 


204 

A.D.  1465.        Item,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Rechard  Boreward,  vj.s.  vuj.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Robart  Peksomer,  v.s.  vij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Willyam  Fekett,  vij-s-  mj-d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  paied  to  John  Dykman  the  older,  TJ.s.  luj.d. 

Item,  my  mast3rr  paid  to  Rechard  Bemas,  v}.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid  to  John  GoUe,  "ij-s- 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid  to  John  Yonge,  XJ-s- 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid  to  the  sawers,  vij.s.  xj.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Spence  and  his  sone,eche  of  them  v.  dayis,  ij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  them  to  drynke,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  mastyr  toke  Spence  onward  for  his  partt,    vj.s.  viij.d. 

And' he  had  of  my  lord  of  Wurseter,  xxvj.s.  viij.d. 

And  his  covenaunt  was  to  have  for  his  parte,  ■     xx.  marc, 

and  so  he  is  owenge  but  xvij.  marc.  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  Thomas  a  Chambre  had  of  John  Hobbes,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  toke  Tomas  a  Chambre  at  Chapmans  howse,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  xxvij.  day  of  Jenever  my  mastyr  toke  to  the  said  Thomas  a 
Chambre  at  Stoke,  xvj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Parker,  mastyr  of  his  shippe, 

xvuj.s.  iiijtd. 

Item,  my  mastyr  sent  be  the  said  Parker  to  take  Pertryche,      xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  so  my  mastyr  owyth  yit  the  said  Pertryche,  unpaid,  x.s. 

Anno  vj.*"  ~j       Item,  the  Vj.  y«r  of  Kyng  Edward  the  iiij.*''  and  the  ix.  day 

A.  D.  1466.      Edwardi    >  of  Marche,  my  mastyr  rekened  wyth  the  carpenters  that  wer 

quarti.      J  werkynge  on  his  shippe,  and  my  said  master  paid  them  ther 

wages  as  folwyth : 

In  primis,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Peteman  for  werkynge  xxxiiij.  dayis  uppon 
the  said  shippe,  takenge  the  day  iij.d.,  summa,  viij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  John  Dykeman  the  older,  for  xxxiij. 
dayis  werke,  takynge  the  day  iij.d.,  summa,  viij.s.  iij.d- 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Pykesomer,  for  xxix  dayis  w^e, 

Vij.s.  iij.d. 

Item,  the  sam  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Dykman  the  yonger,  for  xxxiij. 

dayis  werk,  viij.s.  iij.d. 


205 


A.D.  1466. 


Item,  the  sam  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Richard  Boreward,  for  xxxj.  dayis 
werke,  vij.s.  ix.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Willyam  Fyket,  for  xxxiiij.  day  werke,    viij.s.  Tj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  John  Fyke,  for  xxj.  day  werke,  y.s.  iij.d. 

Item,  the  sam  day  to  John  Pond3^,  for  xxj.  day  werke,  v.s.  iij.d. 

foi.  40.  Item,  the  same  day  paid  to  Robart  Pond,  for  xxxiij.  day  werke, 

viij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Rechard  Beamas,  for  xxxiij.  day 
werke,  viij.s.  iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  to  John  Yonge,  for  xxxiij.  day  werke,  viij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  to  John  Golle,  for  xxx.  day  werke,       vij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  to  John  Fowcher,  for  xxxiij.  day  werke, 

viij.s.  iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  to  John  Gresse,  for  xxvj.  day  werke,      vj.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  to  Thomas  Ponder,  for  xxj.  day  werke,   v.s.  iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  to  John  Hastynge,  for  iiij.  day  werke  and  di., 

xiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  to  Robart  Petman,  for  iiij.  day  werke,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  to  Thomas  Gleman,  for  iiij.  day  werke,         xij.d. 

Item,  the  said  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Thomas  Pahnar,  for  v.  day  werke, 
Roger  Fuller  v.  dayis  werke  and  di.,  and  WiUyam  Wi^dyffe  ij.  dayis, 
takenge  eche  of  them  the  day,  x.d.,  smnma,  x.s.  v.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Roger  Fuller  for  tymbre  for  colers 
of  the  maste,  and  gonne  walles,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  yer  afore  said  and  the  ix.  day  of  Marche,  my  mastyr  toke  to 
Thomas  a  Chambre,  xx.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke'  Parker  mastyr  of  his  kerveU,         x.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Ponder  of  Shotley,  for  j.  new  toppe 
for  his  kervelle^  x.s. 

Item,  the  yer  a  for  said  and  the  xvj.  day  of  Marche,  my  mastyr  paid  to 
Willyam  Dolfiyn  for  a  pompe,  v.  polyves,  and  odre  aparayUe  for  the 
spynas,''  xvij.d. 

'  delyverd,  N.  MS.  .         '  pinnace. 


206 

A.  D.  1466.        Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Robart  Gierke  in  party  of  payment 
for  to  ordeyn  bred  for  the  spynas,  v.s. 

Item,  the  xvij.  day  of  Marche  my  mastyr  gaffe  to  the  mastyr  of  the 
Margett,  for  helpenge  owt  of  the  kervell  owt  of  the  creke,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaffe  the  mene  of  the  said  shippe,'         x.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Clayson  for  here  that  was  unpaid, 
that  went  to  the  kervelle,,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

And  so  he  is  content  into  this  day. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  the  said  Clayson,  for  a  fuk  maste 
for  the  said  kervelle,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Perse  breweres  wyffe,  for  iij, 
ketelles  calde  a  ffuUe,  iij.s.  vj.d. 

Of  the  wyche  my  mastyr  delyverd  on  of  the  grettest  to  the  kervelle. 
foi.  40.  b.         Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  rekened  wyth  John  Smyth  of  Shotley,  and 
it  drew  for  al  maner  thyngys  into  this  day  that  he  delyverd  to  the  shyppe,  in 
nayle  and  odre  stuffe,  xlix.s.  vj.d. 

And  therof  my  maStyr  paid  hym  this  same  day  a  bove  wreten,  xxix.s.  vj.d. 

And  so  my  mastyr  owyth  hym  unpaid  at  this  day,  xx.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Perker  mastyr  of  the  kervell,     x.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaffe  hym  and  his  felesheppe  to  drynke, 

xx.d. 

Item,  the  vj.*'=  yer  of  Kynge  Edward  the  iiij."*  and  the  xvij.  day  of 
Marche,'  my  mastyr  bout  of  Cleyse  of  Herewyche,  a  mast  for  the  musyn,  and 
ij.  seyle  yerdes  for  the  ffuk  and  the  musyn,  prise,  yj.s.' 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Perse  part  onward  that  my  mastyr 
owt  hym,  xvj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Yonge  that  is  lodesman  of  the 
kervelle,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

And  so  he  hath  had  in  alle,  vij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  John  Hobbes  for  the  spynas, 

xx.s.  vj.d. 

'  to  drynke,  N.  MS.  "  Thi^  line  is  omitted  in  N.  MS. 

'  "  Unpayd  "  written  in  the  margin. 


207 

A.  D.  1466.        Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  John  Redsmyth  that  wrout  at 
Stoke,  iij.s. 

And  so  he  hath  had  in  alle  into  this  day,  iiij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  Tomas  a  Chamhre  at  Manytre, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  my  mastyr  assigned  him  to  take  of  Deves  wyffe,'  xxxiij.s.  iiij.d., 

and  a  harelle  of  whygth  herenge. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Edwardes  wyffe^  for  j.  cade  of 
rede  herynge,  the  wyche  my  mastyr  sent  to  John  Hoobbes,  v.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Herry  and  Person  for  werkenge 
an'  seyle  of  the  kervelle,  xvj.d. 

Item,  the  xxiiij.  day  of  Marche,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Pertryches  wyffe  for 
dyverse  parcelles  delyverd  to  Thomas  a  Chambre,  x.s. 

Item,  the  same  day,  my  mastjnr  payd  to  Thomas  Chateryse^  that  maketh 
his  cawbles,  xx.s. 

And  the  weyte  of  the  rope  that  he  bout'  drew  v.c.  and  iij.  quarters  wejrte. 

Item,  the  xxx.  day  of  Marche  my  mastyr  paid  to  Parker  master  of  the . 
kervelle,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  xxvij.  day  of  Marche  my  mastyr  paid  to  Wenter  of  Yipswyche, 
for  a  cawdron  for  the  said  kervell,  vj.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Perse  berebrewer  of  Herewyche, 
for  a  c.  of  borde  and  di.,  for  the  kervelle,  iij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  hjm  for  j.  c.  fete  and  vij.  of  borde 
that  he  delyverd  to  Tomas  a  Chambre,  ij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  hym  for  a  mastefor  a  yerde  for  the 

said  kervelle,  xx.s. 

foi.  41.  Item,  the  yer  afor  said  and  the  xxviij.  day  of  Marche,  my  mastyr  rekened 

wyth  his  werkemen  that  wrout  onne  his  kervelle,  and  my  said  mastyr  ptiid 

them  ther  wages  as  folwyth  : 

Ferst,  to  Adam  Petman  for  xj.  dayis,  ij.s.  ix.d. 

'  in  mony,  N.  MS.  =  of  Manytre,  N.  MS.  '  on  the,  N.  MS. 

*  his  roper,  N.  MS.  '  now,  N.  MS. 


208 

A.  D.  1466.        Item,  to  John  Dykman  the  eUder,  for  ix.  days  werkenge  on  the  spynas, 
and  iiij.  dayis  and  di.  werkenge  on  the  kervelle,  iij.s.  iiij.d.  ob. 

Item,  paid  to  Thomas  Purcer  for  WiUyam  Fykett^for  ij.  dayis  werke,  vj.d. 
Item,  paid  to  Rechard  Bemest  for  xj.  dayis  werkenge  on  the  kervelle, 

ij.s.  ix.d. 
Item,  paid  to  Thomas  Purcer  for  Rechard  Boreward,  for  ij.  dayis,  vj.d. 
Item,  paid  to  Thomas  Purcer  for  to  pay  Robart  Pondre,  for  ij.  dayis,  vj.d. 
Item,  paid  to  Petman  to  pay  to  John  Pondre,  for  v.  dayis,  xv.d. 

Item,  paid  to  John  Osbeme,  for  viij.  dayis,  ij.s. 

Item,  paid  to  John  Hastynge,  for  werkenge  on  the  kervelle  vj.  dayis,  and 
for  werkenge  on  the  spynas  viij.  dayis  and  di.,  iij.s.  vij.d.  ob. 

Item,  paid  to  John  Yonge,  for  xij.  dayis  werkenge  on  the  kervelle,      iij.s. 
Item,  paid  to  Willyam  Blosse,  for  vj.  dayis  werkenge  on  the  kervelle, 

xviij.d. 

Item,  paid  to  John  GoUe,  for  werkenge  viij.  dayis  on  the  kervell,         ij.s. 

Item,  paid  to  yonge  Dykman,  for  iiij.  dayis  on  the  kervell,  and  viij.  dayis 

and  di.  werkenge  on  the  spynas,  iij.s.  j.d.  ob. 

Item,  paid  to  Robart  Petman,  for  v.  dayis  and  di.  on  the  kervelle,  and 

viij.  dayis  and  di.  on  the  spynas,  iij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  paid  to  ij.  sawers'  for  iij.  dayis  and  di.  werkenge,  xxj.d.  ob. 

Item,  paid  to  Thomas  Gleman  for  vij.  dayis  and  di.  werkenge  on  the 

kervelle,  and  viij.  dayis  werkenge  on  the  spynas,  iij.s.  j.d.  ob. 

Item,  paid  to  Adam  Petman,  for  John  Hastynge,  iij.s.  vij.d.  ob. 

And  so  my  mastyr  hathe  alle  content  these  men  above  wreten  into  this 

day,  and  also  for  eche  of  them  for  j.  daly  next  folwyng. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Thomas  Palmer  of  Edwardon,  for 
j.  semeof  whete,  the  wyche  is  wreten  in  Thomas  a  Chambres  boke,  v.s.  vj.d. 
Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  BloweboUe  kooke  of  the  kervelle, 

xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Thomas  Chateryse  that  maketh 

his  ropes|^  for  the  kervelle,  x.s. 

'  for  eche  of  them,  N.  MS.  2  cawbles,  N.  MS. 


209 

A.  D.  14G6.        Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Parker,  mastyr  of  the  shippe, 

viij.s.  iiij.d. 
Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Thomas  a  Chambre,  xx.s. 

Item,  the  xxix.  day  of  Marche,  my  mastyr  gaffe  to  Adam  Petman,      xij.d. 
Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  hym  that  he  leid  downe  for  herynge, 

Tj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  mastyr  gaffe  to  Dykman  the  elder,  x.d. 

fol.  41.  b.  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Thomas  Pondre,uppon  rekenynge, 

xij.d. 

'Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  the  roper,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  Thursday  nexte  afftyr  Estyr  day,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Thomas 

Chateryse,  at  Framyngham  at  my  lorde  of  Norffolkes,  x.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Thomas  a  Chambre,  x.s. 

Item,  the  xv.  day  of  Aprylle,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Clayse  Bolard,  in  party  of 

payment  of  a  meson  for  his  kervelle,  xx.s. 

And  so  my  mastyr  owyth  hym  unpaid  yitt,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  John  Hobbes,  for  rekenengys  that 

was  behynde  for  the  spynas,  xviij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Thomas  a  Chambre  for  the  kervell, 

xx.s. 

Item,  the  xx.  day  of  Aprylle,  my  mastyr  paid  to  John  Smythe  of  Shotley, 

for  dyrerse  thynges  that  he  delyverd  to  the  kervelle,  xx.s. 

And  so  mastyr  hathe  alle  content  hym  in  to  this  day,  exsepte  certeyn 

percelles  that  he  hathe  delyverd  to  Thomas  of  Chambre  syn  the  rekeninge. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  ij.  carpenters  of  the  Holke,  for 

werkenge  on  his  werke,  ij.  dayis  eche  of  them,  xv.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Robart  Clerke  his  baker,  in  party 

of  pajTnent  for  brede  for  the  spynas,  v.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Thomas  of  Chambre,  his  purcere, 

xxx.s. 


'  This  is  the  last  of  the  entries  in  the  Norfolk  MS.,  relating  to  the  expenses  of  building 
the  caravel. 

E  E 


summa,  ij.s. 

viij.d. 

ij- 

s.  xj.d. 

summa 

,  xij.d. 

,  xx.d. 

viij.d. 

vj.d. 

he  tymbre, 

xiij.d. 

ij.d. 

210 

A.  D.  1466.        Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Jemes  Peterson  for  a  galon  oyle 
for  the  said  kervelle,  for  the  peyntenge  of  the  payvyses,'  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  rekened  wyth  Pondre,  and  he  axsethe  that 
he  hathe  delyverd  to  Thomas  of  Chambre,  as  folwythe : 

Ferst,  for  iiij.  ores,  pryse  the  pece  viij.d.. 

Item,  for  ij.  doseyn  speres,  and  for  the  makenge. 

Item,  for  iiij.  doseyn  dartes,  prise  the  dosen  iij.d.. 

Item,  for  a  trusse  pareUe,  and  ij.  smale  parelles, 

Item,  for  iiij.  trusse  polyves. 

Item,  for  viij.  cheynes. 

Item,  that  he  paid  owt  of  his  pur^  for  fechenge  owt  of  the  tymbre. 

Item,  for  ij.  systers  for  the  mayn  pareylle. 

The  some  of  alle  drawyth,  x.s.  viij.d. 

The  wyche  my  mastyr  paid  hym,  and  so  he  is  content. 

Item,  the  xxj.  day  of  Aprylle,  my  mastyr  paid  to  WiUyam  Elyse  for  to 
carye  his  spret  seyle  to  Yipswyche  to  cuewer  my  masters  salt  for  the  reygne, 

viij.d. 
foi.  42.  Oxsen  for    1      Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  John  Kooke  of    ^ 

the  Kervelle.  J         for  iij.  oxsen  for  the  kervelle,  iij.li.  iij.s,  iiij.d. 

Of  the  wyche  Thomas  a  Chambre  paid  of  mony  that  he  had  receyAad  of 
my  mastyr,  xxx.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  sent  to  the  kervelle  iij.  oxsen  barellede, 
pryse  of  them  iij.  is,  iiij.li. 

Bakon}     Item,  the  same  tyme  ray  mastyr  sent  into  the  kervelle  fflykkes  of 
bakon,  the  pryse  of  them  is,  xx.s. 

The  makenge  of  ~|  Item,  the  xxij.  day  of  Aprylle,  my  mastyr  rekened 
the  oven  in  the  new  >wyth  WiUyam  Morse  of  Shotley  and  Willyam  Wyston, 
kervelle.  J  for  makenge  of  a  new  oven  in  the  kervelle,  and  thei 

axse  for  viij.*^  bryke,  prise  le  c,  vj.d.,  summa,  iiij.s. 

Item,  for  cc.  and  di.  of  howse  tyle,  prise  x.d. 

Item,  for  xiij.  pathynge  tyles,  iiij.d. 

'  Large  shields.  =  purse.  ^  Blank  in  MS. 


211 

A.D.  1466,        Item,  for  the  werkemanshepe  of  the  same  oven  be  yj.  dayis,  the  day  iij.d., 

summa,  xviij.d. 

The  some  of  alle  drawythe,  for  makenge  of  the  ovyn,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

The  wyche  some  my  mastyr  paid  hym  this  same  day  and  so  thei  are  contente. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  meistyr  paid  to  Parker  mastyr  of  the  kerveUe, 

XV  ...   . 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  lent  to  Dykeman  the  older,  in  party  of 
payment  of  his  wages  into  Prewse,'  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Margett  Webbe  of  Shotley,  for 
a  combe  mystelon^  for  the  kerveUe,  ij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Marget  the  backers  wyffe,  for  v. 
mennes  horde  in  werkenge  on  the  spynas,  ij.s.  x.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  the  kervelle  iij.  quarters  of 
saltfyshe,  the  pryse  xx.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Clayson  berebrewer,  for  an  ashe  of 
ij.  yerdes  longe,  for  to  make  a  lanteme  and  a  stok  for  an  ymage  of  our  lady, 

iij.d. 

^[Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaffe  the  women  to  the  hokkynge,  xx.d.] 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaffe  to  the  men  of  the  kervelle  for  rowenge 
the  bote  to  Manytre  and  to  Yipswiche,  xj  .  .  . 

Item,  the  xxiiij.  day  of  Aprylle,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Blawbolle,  xx.d; 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  John  Felaw  for  xij.  yerdes  of 
tyllete  for  the  spynas,  iij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Perse  berebrewer,  for  vj.  beyles  for 
the  spjmas,  vij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  John  Hobbes,  viij.s,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastjrr  paid  to  Clayse  Bolard,  for  his  musyn,  vj.s. 

And  so  he  is  alle  content  for  the  said  musyn. 
foi.  J2.b.     Schambre.}     Item,  in  the  same  weke  my  mastyr  paid  to  Thomas  a  Chambre 
his  purcer,  viij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  xxv.  day  of  Aprylle  my  mastyr  gaffe  to  Ynsclyffe,  for  sleynge  of 
iij.  oxsen  for  the  kervelle,  viij.d. 

'  Prussia.  2  Mixed  grain  :  v.  Ducange,  sub  voce  Mirtum.  3  Cancelled. 


212 

A.  D.  1466.        Item,  the  xxvj.  day  of  Aprille,  my  mastyr  paid  to  the  smythe  of  Here- 
wyche  for  iij.  syves  of  brasse  for  the  kervelle,  xij.d. 

The  baker      1      Item,  the  xxvij.  day  of  Aprylle,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Robart 
of  Herwyche.  J  baker  of  Herwyche,  for  brede  for  the  spynas,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  so  he  hathe  receyvid  in  alle  into  this  day,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  so  my  mastyr  owyth  hym  yit  unpaid,  xxj.d. 

Item,  the  xxviij.  day  of  Aprylle,  my  mastyr  paid  to  John  Forde  to  pay  to 
Marget  Forde,  for  the  freyte  of  an  anker  fro  London,  iij.s. 

Item,  the  xxix.  day  of  Aprille,  my  mastyr  receyvid  of  Thomas  Elyse,  Meyr 
of  Norwyche,  xlv.  yerdes  of  rede  say,  prise  the  yerde  ij.d.  ob.' 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Yonge  his  lodesman,  xij.d. 

And  SO' he  hathe  in  aUe,  viij.s.  viij.d. 
'  Hew  Candy. }     Item,  in  this  same  weke  my  mastyr  sent  fro  Stoke  to  Hew 
Candy,  ij.  c.  of  oken  borde  for  the  new  balynger,  prise,  yj.s. 

Item,  the  last  day  of  Aprylle,  my  mastyr  paid  to  John  Felaw,  for  a  lede 
and  a  crane  lyne,  .  'vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  hym  for  v.  fyshenge  lynes,    ij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  the  clerke  of  Herwyche  for  ij.li. 
generall^  to  paynt  wyth  pavyses,  iij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  hym  for  a  li.  of  whygthe  led,        iij.d. 

Item,  for  a  li.  of  rede  lede,  to  the  said  pavyses,  ij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  gaife  hym  for  his  labour,  and  to  his  wyffe  the  same 
tyme,  xxij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  yonge  Petraan  for  his  labour  in 
payntenge  of  the  pavyses,  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Hawbreye  shippeman,  xvj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Hervyis  wyffe,  for  a  olde  clothe 
for  a  cuerynge  for  the  seyle,  vj.d. 

Item,  the  vj."=  yer  of  Kynge  Edward  the  iiij.*  and  the  ferste  day  of  May, 
my  mastyr  rekened  wyth  Thomas  a  Chambre  : 

And  he  owyth  my  mastyr  alle  thynge  rekenenge  into  this  day,        v.s.  ob. 
,  And  he  axseth  alowance  for  ij.  M^'-  wode  for  the  kervelle,  x.s. 

Item,  for  v.  seme  mele,  prise  the  seme  v.s.  iiij.d.,       summa,  xxvj.s.  viij.d. 
>  "  unpaid,  "  marginal  note  in  MS.  "^  mixed  colours  ? 


213 

A.  D.  1466,        And  so  my  mastyr  owed  hym  at  this  day,  xxxj.s.  vij.d.  ob. 

And  therof  he  receyvid  of  my  mastyr  at  this  day,  xij.s.  vj.d. 

And  so  my  mastyr  owyth  hym  unpaid  stylle,  xix.s.  j.d.  ob. 

fol.  43.  Item,  the  ferste  day  of  May,  my  mastyr  paid  to  John  Yonge  carpenter, 

and  his  felaw,  for  werkynge  on  the  kervelle,  vj.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Blowbolle,  xxj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  to  Povde  for  a  cote  for  Roger,  chylde  of  the 
shippe,  xviij.d. 

Item,  for  a  prese  leder  and  blanket  for  shelder'  for  the  tope  armere,  xviij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Robard  Roser  for  a  shirte  for  the 
same  chylde  of  the  shippe,  and  for  the  standard,  xiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  to  Yonge,  for  a  castynge  lede  of  viij.U.,        viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  to  Pertryche  for  bryngynge  downe  of  the  yerde, 

iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  to  Pondre  for  a  lokke,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  to  Dole  for  makenge  of  candeUe  and  for  cotone 
to  the  same,  xxiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  for  makenge  of  the  standard,  ig.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  John  Smythe  of  Herwyche,  for  dyverse 
percelles  of  yren  werke,  in  party  of  payment,  iiij.s.  ij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  Parker,  mastyr  of  the  kervelle,     xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  here,  xvj.d. 

Hew  Candy.}     Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Hew  Candy,         x.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  a  Ducheman  for  fyshe,  at  Manytre, 

xv.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Edwardes  wyffe  for  costes,  xxiij.d. 

"[Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  John  Gyldre  for  ^  ] 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  yaffe  the  boteswayn  and  his  felawes  to 
drynke,  xxA. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  the  boteswajrn  that  he  leid  downe 
whan  he  wasse  last  at  Manytre,  befor  this  tyme,  vj.d. 

Perse  here  brewer.  \     Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  rekened  wyth  Perse 

■  shelter?  '  Cancelled.  '  Blank  in  MS. 


214 

A.D.  1466.    berebrewer  of  Herwyche,  and  it  drew,  alle  maner  thynges  that  he  cowde 
axse  my  mastyr  into  this  day,  as  it  pereth  be  hisse  bylles  of  rekenenge, 

ix.U.  xiij.s.  ix.d. 
Of  the  whyche  my  mastyr  gaffe  hym  a  bylle  of  the  said  some  to  paye  hym 
at  his  comenge  next  fro  London. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  rekened  wyth  John  Smythe  of  Shotley; 
and  he  axseth  for  viij.  gonne  spannes  and  xvj.  plates  for  the  whele  and  nayles 
for  bothe,  and  a  bolt  for  the  stenme^  also  the  closynge  of  dedemen  yen,'  the 
wyche  perceUes  weyed  xj.  stone  and  v.U.  Item,  he  axseth  for  c.  di,  of 
spykes,  and  iiij.  gret  spykes,  the  wyche  weyd  iij.  stone  and  ij.li. 
Summa  of  aUe  the  weyte  xiiij.  stone ;  prise  the  stone  xij.d. 

Summa,  xiiij.s. 

foi.  43.  b.  Item,  he  axsethe  for  byndynge  of  a  ketelle,  ij.s. 

Item,  ffor  ix.  c.  iiij.d.  nayle,  iij.s. 

Item,  for  vj.  c.  dorenayle,  and  iiij.  c.  iij.d.  nayle,  summa  of  bothe,         iiij.s. 

Item,anoder  tyme,  j.  c.  dore  nayle,  j.  c.  iiij.d.  nayle,  and  ij.  c.  iij.d.  nayle, 

summa,  xyj.d. 
Item,  delyverd  ij.  c.  dore  nayle,  iij.  c.  hache  nayle,  cccc.  iij.d.  nayle; 

summa,  of  these  iij.  sortes,  iij.s. 

Item,  iiij.  doseyn  dartes  hedes,  xvj.d. 

Item,  ij.  dosen  and  xj.  speres  hedes,  ij.s.  vj.d. 

The  some  of  bothe  sydes  drawyth,  xxxj.s.  ij.d. 

Item;,  the  same  day  the  said  John  Smythe  gaff  my  mastyr  v.  colkes  of 

yren;  item,  v.  boltes  qe  poise  x.li,;  item,  ij.  odre  boltesqe  poise  iij.li. 

Hew  Candy. }     Item,  the  said  John  Smythe  delyverd  to  the  balenger  as 

myche  as  drew,  j;  s_ 

Pondre.)     Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  Ponder,  for  olde  det,       xvj.d. 
Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  hym  for  new  rekenenge,  xviij.d. 

foi.  44.      Nota.]     Item,  the  ix.t^"  yere  of  Kynge  Edward  the  iiij.*  and  in  the  monethe 
of  Jule,  whan  the  Kynge  was  at  Norwyche,^  my  mastyr  lent  to  my  lord  of 

'  Dead-eyes;  see  Falconer's  Marine  Dictionary,  by  Burney,  1815,  4to. 
=  See  a  very  curious  letter  written  immediately  after  the  King's  visit  to  Norwich,  in  the 
Paston  Corretpondence,  vol.  iv.  p.  335. 


A.D.  1469. 


215 

A.D.  1469.  Mylordofl  Item,  in  August  folwynge,  my  mastyr  became  suerte  for  my 
NorfFolke.  Jsaid  lord  to  Thomas  Armerer  of  London,  ffor  ij.  hameyses, 
be  my  lordes  desyrenge,  for  xx.  marc. 

fol.  44.  b. 

fol.  45.  Thys  wrytenge  made  the  thred  3ere  off  Kynge  Edward  and  the  last  day 

'off  Jule,  wytnessyth  off  my  mastery  s  paymentes. 

In  primis,  my  mastyr  gaff  to  the  mastyr  off  my  lord  off  Wursetershyre,  iij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  my  lady  Fray  to  ward  a  pype 
wyne,  iiij.  marc. 

Item,  to  her  man  the  same  day,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  att  the  CardenaUis  Hatte,  ffor  horsse- 
mete  and  mannys  mete,  xviij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  a  gentylman  off  my  lady  off  Oxfford,  to  ofiyr  ffor  my 
mastyr,  iiij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Roger  Tego,  ffor  my  lord  off  Norffolke,  xxviij.s. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  the  sayd  Roger  ffor  Jamys  Hoberdes  gowne,  the  ij.  day 
off  August,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  to  John  Wysnacke  the  same  day,  ffor  a  reward  ffor  steynynge  off 
my  masterys  traperys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  SoreUe  wyth  my  lord  off  Wursseter, 

xij.s. 

Item,  payd  the  same  day  to  Rychard  Naylere,  ffor  xxix.  yerdys  and  di.  off 
crymysyn,  and  iij.  doseyn  rede,  v.U.  xv.s.  xj.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  xvij.  3erdys  off  fiynere  crymysyn,  and  xvij.  3erdys  off  fiyner 
rede,  the  same  day,  prise  the  3erd  ij.s.  viij.d.,  summa,  iij.li.  x.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  Rechard  ffor  iij.  3erdys,  and  di.  off  blakke,  prise  the 
3erd  ij.s.  viij.d.,  summa,  ix.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  same  day  ffor  xij.  standardes  off  mayle,  xvj.s. 

Item,  ffor  ij.  salates  wyth  demye  veseres,  ffor  yemen,  vij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  ffor  vj.  Normandy  byUys,  the  same  day,  xvj.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  the  wyffe  in  party  off  payment,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Cakebrede  ffor  a  hameyse  complet,  ssave  salatt  and 
grevys,  v.  marc. 

Item,  to  r3niche  the  same  day,  iFor  ij.  rasorys,  viij.d. 


216 

A.  D.  1463.        Itemj  to  Corbett  fFor  hys  horssemete,  vii^.d. 

Item,  ffor  hys  costys  homward  my  mastyr  toke  hym,  xx.d. 

foi.  45.  b.         Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Dyshborne  sadeler,  xx.s. 

Item,  payd  to  Corbett  Sot  a  bowgett,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  delyveryd  to   Sengylton  to  bye  a  doblet  ofF  satan 

ffygure,'  iFor  my  mastyr,  xxxuj.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Persse  hosyere,  ffor  a  peyr  hosyn  ffor   Thomas 

Thorppe  and  a  peyre  ffor  Rychard  off  Chapelle,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  to  the  sayd  Persse  ffor  ij.  peyre  off  morrey  hosyn  ffor  my 

mastyr,  xiiij.s. 

Item,  ffor  a  peyre  off  blakke  and  ij.  peyre  off  whyte  ffor  my  mastyr,  payd 

to  the  sayd  Persse^  x.s. 

Item,  ffor  a  doseyn  poyntes,  ij.d. 

Item,  ffor  a  box  ffor  letteres,  j.d. 

Item,  ffor  a  porsse,  xvj.d. 

Item,  to  Willyam  Fernwale  ffor  a  peyre  bowgetts  the  same  day,    iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  to  Thomas  Goldsmythe  ffor  a  chene  off  gold,  xl.s. 

Item,  the  thryd  day  off  August,  my  mastyr  payd  at  Brendwode  ffor  hys 

costys  in  horssemete  and  mannysmete,  iij.s.  j.d.  ob. 

Item,  in  beytynge  at  Chemysford  ffor  horsse  and  man,  xviij.d. 

Item,  gaff  to  a  prest  of  Raynffordys,  ffor  caryinge  off  a  bokke  to  the  sherevys 

off  London,  xx.d. 

Item,  gaff  to  a  man  to  ryde  to  Melfford,  iiij.d. 

Item,  ffor  my  masterys  costys  att  Esterfford,  xiij.d. 

Item,  gevyn  to  the  carpenter  at  Seynt  Johnis,  xij.d. 

Item,  to  Thomas  Thorppe  ffor  a  peyre  shoyis,  vj.d. 

{Item,  ffor  Bramis  costes  to  London,  a  nothyr  tyme,    ij.s.viij.d. 

Item,  the  thryd  day  off  August,  my  mastyr  gaff  to  Franke 

7%e  vj.       Serjawnt  off  Demys,  ■  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

day  off    '      Item,  the  vij.  day  off  August,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  unto  my 

Awgust.       lady,  vj.  marc. 

.    { Item,  the  same  day  mastyr  delyveryd  Braham  to  lede  to  London, 

v.li.  vj.s.  viij.d. 
'  figured  satin. 


217 

A.  D.  1463.         Item,  my  mastyr  payd  hym  fFor  mony  leyd  down,  ij.s.  ij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  John  Mersh  to  hys  vetaylis  at  Colchester  the 

same  day,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

foi.  46.           Item,  gevyn  to  the  parker  off  Neylond,  ij.s; 

Item,  the  same  day  ffor  a  peyr  shone  ffor  Seynclow,  "^j-d. 

Item,  gaff  to  the  carpenter  att  Sederyngham,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  xj.  day  off  August,  my  mastyr  gaff  to  the  mastyr  off  the  Mary 

Talbot  to  drynke,  xj.s. 

Item,  a  nodyr  tyme  my  mastyr  gaff  them,'  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  gevyn  to  Brownynge,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  tyme  my  mastyr  spent  att  Baxstonys,  xxj.s.  v.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  a  botte  off  Malmesyn,  iij.h.  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  ffor  barrys  and  ladynge  off  the  same  bott,  viij.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  byUys  ffor  my  mastyr,  xiiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  ffor  a  hameys  bareUe,"  xviij.d. 

Item,  ffor  a  lokke  to  the  same,  iiij.d. 

Item,  in  hey  to  trosse  the  hameys,  j.d.  ob. 

Item,  j.  doseyn  armynge  poyntys,  iij.d. 

Item,  ij.  doseyn  red  poyntys,  iiij.d. 

Item,  in  a  pott  off  socade,  ij.d. 

Item,  ffor  makynge  off  my  masterys  longe  blagke  gown,  xx.d. 

Item,  ffor  vj.  3erdys  lynynge  to  the  same,  iij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  ffor  di.  a  pownd  paper,  vij.d. 

Item,  ffor  di.  a  pownd  dynamaim,'  x.d. 

Item,  ffor  v.li.  datys,  ij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  vj.li.  almundys,  xviij.d. 

Item,  ffor  j.h.  sugar,  xviij.d. 

Item,  ffor  j.  quartron  off  sawndrys,  iiij.d. 

Item,  ffor  vj.U.  reysonys  off  corawnce,  xviij.d. 

Item,  the  xiij.  day  off  August,  gaff  to  the  menstralys  off  Polstedde,  ij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  gaffe  to  Robart  Donwyche,  trompett,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  gevyn  to  Fuller  bocher  off  Haddley,  ffor  hys  labore,  xvj.d. 

I  Sic.  '  To  pack  armour  in.  '  eynamaun  ? 

F  F 


218 

A.  D,  1463.        Item,  the  xviij.  day  off  August,  payd  fFor  caryage  off  bowis,  aruis,  and 
gunnepowdyr  fro  the  Tour'  to  my  masterys  place,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  xix.  day  off  August  payd  ffor  iij.  cofferys  to  the  sayd  bowys  and 

aruys,  iiij.s. 

fol.  46.  b.  Item,  payd  the  same  day  ffor  caryinge  off  them  to  Belynggys  to  Carre,  viij.d. 

Item,  payd  to  ij.   men  ffor  berynge  off  on  off  the  cofferys  be  lond  to 
Belynggys  gate,  iij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  one  off  my  lord  off  Wursseterys  men  that  delyveryd  the 
bowis,  the  same  day,  xx.d. 

Item,  gevyn  to  a  man  att  the  CardynaUis  Hatt,  ij.d. 

Item,  spent  the  same  day  at  the  taverne,  xvj.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Metecalffe  ffor  to  bere  lettres  to  my  lord  Burgeny,^  ij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  ffor  a  potelle  wyne,  v.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Rechard  off  stable  ffor  hys  costys  homward,  viij.d. 

Item,  gevyn  to  a  mussenger  ffor  berynge  off  a  lettre  off  the  Kyngys, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  to  the  cordwaner  ffor  ij.  peyr  shoyis  and  a  peyre  botuys  ffor  my 
mastyr,  ij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  iiij.li.  datys,  ij.s. 

Item,  ffor  j.H.  and  di.  off  sugar,  v.s.  iij.d. 

Item,  ffor  vj.h.  almundys,  xviij. d. 

Item,  for  ij.  doseyn  poyntys,  >  iiij.d. 

Item,  ffor  a  doseyn  off  armynge  poyntys,  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  xxj.  day  off  August,  at  the  Cardenalis  Hatt,  ffor  horsse 
^^^^^3  xij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  in  shoyinge,  iij.d.  ob. 

Item,  payd  the  same  day  ffor  mannys  mete,  ffro  Twysday  att  evyn  to 
Sonday  none,  x.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  gevyn  to  Mastresse  YsbeUis'  norsse,  viij.d. 

Item,  thexxij.  day  off  August  payd  att  Reinfford  ffor  my  masterys  costys, 

ij.s.  j.d. 

Item,  ffor  my  masterys  costys  at  Cheymysford,  the  same  day,  ij.s. 

1  of  London.  2  Edward  NevDl,  Baron  Bergavenny. 

"  Isabella,  second  daughter  of  Sir  John  Howard  by  his  first  wife. 


219 

A.  D.  1453.        Item,  ffor  baytynge  at  EsterfFord,  the  same  day,        -.  TJ.d.  ob. 

Item,  the  xxiij.  day  Auguste   delyverydL  *c  Thorppe   to  ryde  wyth  to 

Framyngeham,  xx.d. 

foi.  47.  Item,  the  xxvj.  day  off  August,  my  mastyr  payd  to  Moleyns  ffor  xxiiij. 

shepis  sckyraiys  tawyd,'  vij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Collynge  and  hys  felaw,  ffor  vj. 
dayis  werke,  ij.s.  \uj.d. 

Item,  to  a  nothyr  taylor,  be  j.  day,  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  to  Bett  ffor  hys  labore  at  Yipswyche,  xx.d. 

Item,  payd  to  the  armorer  off  Yipswyche  ^  werke  the  day  a  boveseyd,    ^ 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  the  armerer  of  Jebyswysche'  for  werkyng  at  my 
masterys  place,  ffor  hym  and  hys  men  vij.  dayes,  delyveryd  to  hym  the  xxv. 
day  of  August,  iiij.s. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  at  Worsopys  at  Jebyswyche,  for  wyne,  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  xxvj.  day  of  August,  at  Jebyswysche,  for  ix.  sheff  arwys,  xij.s. 

Item,  payd  the  same  day  ffor  a  loke,  ij.d.  ob. 

Item,  gevyn  the  sayd  day  to  the  cokswaynne  in  ahnesce,  j.d. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  ffor  a  hors  hyre,  iiij.d. 

Item,  ffor  to  offer  at  our  Lady  schapelle**  at  Jebyswysche,  ij.d. 

Item,  in  almesce,  j.d. 

Item,  payd  to  a  smeyt  ffor  haspys  and  semewys  for  koferys  for  bowys  and 
arwys,  xx.d. 

Item,  gevyn  to  Nycolas  Red,'  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  xxvij.  day  of  August,  ffor  threyd  for  stryngys  for  cros- 
bowys,  vj.d. 

In  ahnesce  the  sayd  day,  ij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  same  day  ffor  my  masterys  costys  at  Jebyswysche  at  the 
Pye,  in  horsmete  and  mannys  mete,  xj.s.  v.d.  ob. 

Item,  payd  the  same  day  to  a  flescher  ffor  schafys  ffor  quarellys,  and  ffor 
federys  ffor  the  same,  xij.d. 

'  dressed  white  with  alum.  ^  Blanks  in  MS.  ^  Ipswich. 

■*  St.  Mary's  Chapel,  Ipswich,  possessed  an  image  of  the  Virgin  of  equal  reputation  with 
that  of  Our  Lady  of  Walsingham  in  Norfolk. 


--..,  220 

A.  D.  1463.        Item,  payd-tli£_3^d  day  for  iij.  bootes'  fro  Jebyswysche  to  Herwysche, 

for  my  mastyr  and  hys  meiij-k^,,.  ,  ij.s.  iiij.d. 

foi.  47.  b.         Item,  delyveryd  to  Fynsche  the'  t.?yd  day,  for  to  go  fro  Herwysche  to 

Jebyswysche,  ij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Synklowe,  for  to  scho  hys  hors  at  Jebyswysche,    iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  same  day  for  wyne  at  Herwysche,  iij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  the  botswayne  of  the  shyp,  xij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  the  sayd  botswayne,  the  xxviij.  day  of  August,  xx.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  the  same  bootswayn,  the  same  day,  xx.d. 

Item,  payd  the  same  day  to  Hore  for  dyverse  costys  payd  by  hym  at 
Manytre  and  at  Herwysche,  v.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Tomas  Pogster  for  hys  horsmete,  ij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  day  a  fforsayd,  ffor  wyne,  iiij.d.  ob. 

Item,  deljrveryd  to  Straton,  the  same  day,  for  mostard  sed,  viij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  the  sayd  Straton,  by  lone,  xij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Wylyam  Gregory  for  his  costys,  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  day  a  ffor  sayd  ffor  wyne,  ix.d. 

Item,  in  oferyng  at  Doverkort,  viij.d. 

Item,  payd  for  a  boot  ffro  Jebyswysche  to  Herwysche,  wyth  vescellys,  vj.d. 

Item,  payd  the  last  day  of  August,  to  Carre  for  sartayn  costys,  xij.d. 

"Item,  payd  ffor  perys,  iij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  for  a  quart  wyne,  j.d.  ob. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  a  man  that  browte  a  lettre  firo  the  Kyng,  the  fyrst  day 
of  Septembre,  vij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Sere  Wylyam  Warner,  ffor  money  govyn  to  the  boot 
swaynne,  xx.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Tomas  Suard,  the  last  day  of  August,  for  sartayn 
kloyt  bowyt  by  hym,  at  Hepesweche,  ■  xx.s.. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  the  same  Tomas,  the  fyrst  day  of  Septembre,  ffor  mor 
Moyt,  bowete  of  Heffe  of  Nedame,^  xxx.s. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Roberd  Fynsche,  ffor  iij.  caponys,  viij.d. 

Item,  govyn  the  last  day  of  August,  to  the  schypmen  that  talluyd'  the 
shyp  boot,  vj.d.,  for  wyne. 

'  boats.  2  Needham,  Co.  Suffolk.  =  tallowed. 


221 

A.  D.  1463.  Item,  govyn  the  fyrst  day  of  Septembre,  to  a  man  that  browte  my  mastyr 
xij.  caponnys  and  ij.  schesys,'  iiij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  the  sayd  day  to  Wylyam  Hore,  ffor  to  carye  horn  fysche 
to  Stoke,  xvj.d. 

Item,  in  wyne  the  sayd  day,  j.d.  ob. 

foi.  48.  Item,  payd  the  ij.  day  of  Septembre,  ffor  perys,  j.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Tomas  Suard  flfor  to  ryde  to  my  lord  of  Worseter,  the 
sayd  day,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Pytman  ffor  to  here  to  Bokston,  for  that  he  schulde 
send  to  Flegge  for  kloyt  that  the  sayd  Flegge  schold  sende  to  my  mastyr  to 
Herwysche,  ix.s. 

Item,  payd  to  a  man  that  browte  kloyt  fro  Flegge,  the  iij.  day  of  Septembre, 

xij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  Hoton,  parker  of  Okie,  xx.d. 

Item,  payd  for  caryyng  of  a  bokke  fro  Okie,  iiij.d- 

Item,  payd  the  iij.  day  off  Septembre,  to  Wylyam  Parker,  ffor  ij.  honderyd 
salt  kotdys  and  halfe  a  honderyd  of  wabok,  iiij.li.  x.s. 

Item,  payd  the  iij.  day  of  Septembyr,  to  Wylkokys,  ffor  vj.  boUokkys  and 
ffor  viij.  scheype,  iij.li.  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  to  Notbem  ffor  a  schyrte  ffor  John  de  Lyon,  xiij.d. 

Item,  payd  to  Syr  Wylyam  Warner  for  money  leyd  owht  be  hym  for 
pleyyng  at  the  tennys,  iiij.s.  j.d. 

Item,  payd  the  iiij.  day  of  Septembyr,  ffor  wyne,  vij.d.  ob. 

Item,  payd  the  same  day  at  Herwysche  Scherche,-  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  to  the  bayly  of  Herswyche,  for  iiij.  caponnys  and  xiii.  sche- 
connys,'  xiiij.d. 

Item,  for  cornne  for  them,  viij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Syr  Wilyam  Person,  for  sartayne  .  .  .  payd  by  hym,  x.d. 

Item,  for  wyne  the  sayd  day,  iij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  v.  day  of  Septembyr,  to  the  baker  of  Herwych,  viij.s. 

Item,  payd  to  Tomas  Peyton  of  Herwysche  for  a  goune,  viij.s. 

Item,  govyn  to  the  botswayne,  to  hys  felas,  xx.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  candellys  spent  at  Herwysche,  xij.d. 

'  cheeses.  '  church.  '  chickens. 


222 

A.D.  1463.        Item,  payd  to  Clayson  of  HerAvysche,  the  v.  day  of  Septembre,  for  v. 
barellys  of  byer,  ^J-s- 

Item,  delyveryd  to  John  Pytman  of  Jebyswysche,  in  party  ffor  hys  werke 
of  the  balyner,'  "^j-s-  viij.d. 

Item,  payd  to  the  sayd  Sclayson,  the  same  day,  for  v.  M.  wode, 

xxvj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  payd  to  Clayson  for  v.  pypys  of  byer,  the  sayd  day,  iiij.  of  them  for 
my  masterys  balynger  spent  to  Caleyys  ward,  and  j.  pype  thys  day, 

xxvj.s.  viij.d. 

foi.  48.  b.         Item,  payd  to  Clayson  of  Herwysche  ffor  a  peyre  of  breganderys  and  the 

sklevys,  the  v.  day  of  Septembyr,  xij.s. 

Item,  to  Persce  ber  brewer  of  Herwysche,  ffor  a  barelle  of  byer  spent  at 
Herwysche,  ^ 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Fennyng,  the  v.  day  of  Septembyr,  for  my  masterys 
costys  in  keschon  at  Herwysche,  xxviij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  Claysonys  man,  iiij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  mastyr  John  Fekery  of  Stoke,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  John  Notbem,  the  sayd  day  at  Herwysche,         vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  to  Persce  ber  brewer  of  Herwysche,  ffor  v.  pypys 
of  byer,  ij.  to  the  lytyle  balynger  and  iij.  to  the  trygo,  xxviij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  ffor  xviij.  yerdys  of  lynen  kloyt,  bowyt  of  Dene 
of  Herwysche,  v.s.  iij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  Hervyys  wyfe,  the  sayd  day,  ij.s. 

Item,  to  the  maydenys,  iiij.d. 

Item,  govyn  the  vij.  day  of  Septembre,  to  the  boot  swayn  and  to  hys  felas, 

vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  govyn,  the  viij.  day  of  Septembyr,  to  Syr  Wylyam  Warner  of 
Jebyswysche,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  ffor  wyne,  iij.d. 

Item,  govyn  the  ix.  day  of  Septembyr,  to  the  mastyr  of  the  Mary  Talbot, 

xx.s. 

Item,  govyn  to  the  porser  of  the  sayd  shyp,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

'  or  balinger.  '.  Blank  in  MS. 


iij.s, 

.  xj.d. 

iij.s 

.  ix.d. 

iij.s. 

iiij.d. 

ij.s 

•  vj.d. 

xx.d. 

iiij.s. 

iiij.d. 

iiij.d. 

223 

A.  D.  1463.         Item,  govyn  to  the  botswayne,  xij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  Doget  and  to  his  ffelas,  iiij.s. 

Item,  the  xj.  day  off  Septembyr,  my  mastyr  payd  to  Cumberton,  ffor  mony 
leyd  down,  xyj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Thorppe,  to  ryde  to  London, 

xiiij.s. 

And  ther  off  he  payd  fferst,  ffor  hys  costys. 

Item,  he  payd  ffor  bregandere  nayle. 

Item,  payd  ffor  my  masterys  botys. 

Item,  ffor  a  peyre  botys  ffor  the  sayd  Thorppe, 

Item,  ffor  my  masteris  speris  gyldynge  and  gameshinge. 

Item,  ffor  a  doblet  to  the  sayd  Thorppe, 

Item,  ffor  a  pot  off  tryacle  ffor  my  lady. 

Item,  ffor  an  elle  off  canvas, 

fol.  49.  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Willyam  Femwale  to  ryde  to 

London  on  hys  herand,  x.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Seroch,  John   Hamondys  man, 
ffor  that  the  sayd  John  Hamond  had  leyd  down  ffor  a  carte,         xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Suward  ffor  his  costys  to  Framyngham,  xvj.d. 

Item,  to  Fennynge  the  same  day,  ffor  medecynis  ffor  my  masteris  horsse, 

xvj.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Ilerry  off  Selers,  the  same  day,  to  ryde  to 
the  Kynge,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Nota  the  ]      Item,  the  same  day,  my  mastyr  payd  to  the  man  off  Sudbury 

Jorge,    j  that  makyth  the  George,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

And  so  hath  resseyvid  in  alle,  xx.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  toke  Thomas  Suward,  the  xiij.  day  off  [August]  Sep- 
tembre,  to  ryde  to  London,  xvj.d. 

Item,  the  xiiij.  day  off  Septembyr,  my  mastyr  payd  to  Rokkewode  for 
mony  he  leyd  downe  att  Sudbury,  ffor  my  masterys  costys,  iij.s. 

Item,  the  xv.*''  day  of  Septembre,  my  mastyr  spent  att  Colchestre, 

ij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  %sh,  the  xvj.  day  off  Septembre,  viij.d. 

Item,  ffor  pakthred,  j.d. 


224 

A.  D.  1463.        Item,  the  same  day  gaff  to  mastyr  Osbeme,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Fennynge  ffor  mony  leyd  doun  ffor  fyshe, 

xxiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  John  Mersch  off  K.,  ffor  fyshe,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  xvj.  day  off  Septembyr,  delyveryd  to  Robart  Koke  that  he  toke 
Lyteffotte,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  gaff  to  mastyr  Persse  Baxster,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

And  this  day  my  mastyr  rekenyd  wyth  Thomas  Suward  ffor  his  costys  to 
London,  and  he  spent  ffor  his  sayd  costys,  ij.s.  j.d. 

Off  the  wiche  he  receyvid  off  my  mastyr  be  ffore,  xvj.d. 

And  he  payd  ffor  lynynge  off  my  masterys  goune,  xxviij.d. 

The  wich  my  mastyr  content  hym  the  day  a  bovesayd. 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  to  the  fflecher  Martyn,  ffor  mendynge  off  aruys, 

xvj.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  gaffe  to  the  sayd  Suward  ffor  his  labore,  xij.d. 

foi.  49.  b.         Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Femwale  ffor  his  costys  at  Here- 

weche,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  a  man  off  Wynche  that  came  ffor 
the  mennis  harneis,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  the  sadelere  of  Colchestre  ffor  a 
sadelle  and  a  brydelle,  ffor  Richard  Clowth,  ' 

And  the   xix.  day  off  Septembyr,  my  mastyr  spent  ffor  his  costys  at 
Yipswyche,  ffor  horse  mete  and  manis  mete,  iij.s.  xj.d. 

Item,  the  xx*  day  off  Septembyr,  my  mastyr  spent  att  Wodbrege  ffor  his 
costys,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  John  Dennis  man,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day,  att  Wodbrege,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  the  bayly  off 
Herewyche,  ffor  to  bye  herynge,  xl.s. 

And  the  xxj.  day  off  Septembyr,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  the  sayd  bayly 
att  Framyngham,  xlyj.s.  viij.d 

And  the  same  day  my  mastyr  spent  att  Framyngham,  in  horsse  mete  and 
mannys  mete,  viij.s.  ix.d. 

Item,  the  xxij.  day  off  Septembyr,  in  exspensys  in  breffast,  xj.d. 

'  Blank  in  MS. 


225 

A.D.  1463.        Item,  the  xxiij.  day  off  Septembyr,  in  exspensys  att  Harliston,     iij.s.  v.d. 

Item,  the  xxiiij.  day  off  Septembyr,  in  exspensys  att  Wynffeld,         xxij.d. 

Item,  in  exspensys  att  Oxhyn,  the  same  day  at  ny3the.  ij.s.  ob. 

Item,  the  xxvij.  day  off  Septembyr  my  mastyr  gaff  to  Smythe  ffor  bryng- 
gynge  off  a  bokke  ffro  Framyngham,  xvj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  a  ferere '  ffor  lokynge  to  my  sayd 
masterys  horsse,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same   day  att  evyn,  my  mastyr  spent  at  Wodbrege  ffor  his 
costys,  horsemet  and  manis  mete,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  ffor  his  costys  att  Framyngham,  at  the  same  tyme,  ' 

vij.s.  vij.d.  ob. 

And  the  Sonday  affityr  Myhelmesse  day,  my  mastyr  payd  ffor  his  costys  at 
Yipswyche,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  the  hawkerys,  xij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  ffor  xiiij.  di.  sheffe  amis,  conteynin  g  to  the  di. 
sheffe  xiiij.  aruys,  viij.d. 

fol.  50.  The  pryour  off  Prytwell. 

Item,  the  Munday  next  afftyre  Seynt  Myhelles,  my  mastyr  payd  to  John 
Clement  off  Stowelangstoft^  ffor  halffe  a  dyme  to  the  Pryore  off  Pryttwelle,' 

xl.s.  viij.d. 

And  the  iiij.  day  off  Octobre,  my  mastyr  toke  to         ■*         servant  to  the 
sayd  pryour,  * 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Thomas  Thorppe,  ij.s. 

The  newe  pavere,  f  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  made  a  comenawnt  wyth 
Nycolas  Byrkett.  [  Nycolas  Bryket  off  Benehale  paver,  that  he  schall  be 
wyth  sayd  mastyr  a  3ere,  takynge  be  3ere,  xl.s. 

And  my  mastyr  toke  hym  in  emest  the  same  day,  iij.s. 

And  he  schall  come  to  my  sayd  mastyre  att  Hester. 

Item,  the  iiij.  day  of  Octobre,  my  masters  gonner  came  to  hym,  and  he 
schalle  have  every  weke  xij.d.,  and  mete,  and  drynke,  and  beddynge. 

And  the  same  day  my  mastyr  resseyvid  fro  Rechard  Felaw  off  Yypswyche, 
XX.  c.  yryn,  and  he  must  have  thereffore,  iiij.li. 

Ore  elys  my  mastyr  muste  paye  hym  his  yryn  a  3en. 

'  farrier.     =  Stow  Langtoft,  Co.  Suffolk.     '  Prittlewell,  Co.  Essex.     ■*  Blanks  in  IVIS. 

G  G 


226 

A.D.  1463.  And  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  the  'carteris  that  browt  hame  the 
sayd  -pjn,  ij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  v.  day  off  Octobre,  my  mastyr  gaffe  to  Syr  Willyam  off  Yipswich, 

xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  mastyr  Gylam  off  Yipswich,      xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyre  payd  to  Robyn  the  armerere  off  Yipswych, 
ffor  xij.  dayis  werke  in  fforbeshynge,  iij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastere  payd  to  his  ffelaw  ffor  xij.  dayis,  iij.s. 

Item,  to  his  man,  xij.d. 

It6m,  ffor  ther  bed  and  drynge  in  the  town,  xij.d. 

Item,  gaff  to  Metecalffe  wyth  my  lord  off  Norffolke,  viij.d. 

Item,  govyn,  v.  day,  a  cordwener  of  Colchestyr  ffor  to  help  on  wyth  my 
[lordys]  masterys  botys,  iij.d. 

Item,  payd  to  Schasche  ffor  makenge  of  a  jaket  ffor  Tomas  Thorpe,  the 
'        the  vij.  day  of  Octobyr,  x.d. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  to  Corbett  ffor  sartayne  '  payd  be  hym 
ffor  my  mastyr,  xx.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Herry  Celere,  ffor  sartayn  costys,  xxij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  John  Browne  the  bregander  makere,  the  sayd  day,     iiij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  my  lady,  the  same  day,  iij.d. 

foi.  50.  b.  Item,  delyveryd  to  Corbett  the  sayd  day,  ffor  to  bye  a  hat  ffor  my  mastyr, 

xx.d. 

Item,  payd  to  Jaferey  Noreyys  the  x.  day  of  Octobre,  ffor  a  sorellyd  hors 
at  Wynsche,  xx.s. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  John  Tom  son  the  xj.  day  of  Octobyr  at  Spaldyng,  ffor 
to  hele  the  grey  hors  wyth,  and  the  hoby,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  xiij.  day  of  Octobre,  at  Lyncolne,  ffor  iij.  bowys,         vij.s. 

Item,  payd  the  xiiij.  day  of  Octobyr,  to  John  of  Bevyrle,  ffor  ij.  coltys 
aumbelyng,  and  the  sayd  John  schal  delyvefre  them  at  Wynsche  be  syde 
Lynne,  and  my  mastyr  payd  ffor  them,  xlvj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  payd  to  Roberd  Coke  ffor  money  that  he  leyyd  owht  ffor  my  mastyr 
at  Wolpet,  iiii.d. 

Item,  payd  the  vij.  day  off  Octobyr,  ffor  costys  at  Bery,  ix.s.  iiij.d. 

1  Blank  in  MS. 


227 

A.  D.  1463        Item,  payd  there  for  gyrtbys  and  a  horskombe,  and  for  mendyng  of  a 
tronke  sadylle,  viij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Corbet  fFor  my  masterys  costys  at  Wolpet,'  the  sayd 
day,  vij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  viij.  day  of  Octobre,  ffor  beytyng  at  Brandon  ffery, 

T.S.  v.d. 

Item,  in  almesse  at  Bery  the  sayd  day,  j.d. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  at  Stoke  ffery,  in  drynke,  iij-d. 

Item,  govyn  to  Symkyn   Bacsterys   man  that  browte  the  jerfacon-  to 
Wynsche,  xij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  a  may,'  the  sayd  day  at  L\-nne,  xx.d. 

Item,  payd  the  x.  day  of  Octobyr,  ffor  costys  at  Ljmne,  ix.s.  v.d. 

Item,  payd  there  for  a  sadyll  and  a  brydylle,  v.s.  j.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  a  frere  that  seyde  messe  affor  my  mastyr  at  Lynne,   viij.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  fferyyng  of  my  masterys  hors  at  Ljrnne,  xx.d. 

Item,  for  feryyng  of  my  mastyr  and  hys  men,  viij.d. 

Item,  in  almesse  at  Lynne,  the  sayd  day,  j.d. 

Item,  ffor  a  gyde  ovyr  the  Wayssche*  the  sayd  day,  ij.d. 

foi.  SI.  Item,  govyn  to  a  ffrere  at  the  taveme  at  Lynne,  ij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  x.  day  of  Octobre,  ffor  beytyng  at  Sutton,  at  dyner, 

iiij.s.  j.d.  ob. 

Item,  govyn  to  shoterys  the  sayd  day,  at  Spaldyng,  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  xj.  day  of  Octobyr,  ffor  mendyng  of  hors  hameys,  at 
Spaldyng,  j.d. 

Item,  payd  the  same  day  for  mendyng  of  Reschard  Kloweys  sadyl,      iij-d. 

Item,  govyn  to  a  feror,  for  lokyng  to  the  grey  hors,  iiij.d. 

Item,  spent  the  same  day  at  the  taveme  at  Spaldyng,  ij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  men  of  Spaldyng  that  shott  there,  xx.d 

Item,  govyn  to  Thomas  Barkere  ys  brothyr,  for  gydyng  the  weye,       iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  for  beytyng  at  Swenyshed,  that  nyte  and  the  xij.  day  of  Oc- 
tobyr, on  the  morwyn,  viij.s. 

'  Woolpit,  Co.  Suffolk.  -  o^er-falcon.  ^  maid  ? 

*  The  Wa^h.     Sir  John  is  now  riding  "  in  to  the  northe  konter),"  to  York,  and  thence 
to  Holt  Castle,  in  Denbighshire. 


228 

A.  D.  1463.        Item,  payd  the  xij.  day  of  Octobyr,  flfor  beytyng  at  Bloxliam,  xxiij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  a  pryste  that  sayd  ussong'  afor  my  mastyr  that  nyte,  at 
Lyncohie,  iiij.d. 

Item,  govyn  the  sayd  day  to  Edward  the  toeke^  of  the  Kyngys  howys,  iij.s. 

Item,  in  almesse  there,  j.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  waytys  of  Lyncolne,  viij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  a  harpere  there,  j.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  costys  at  Lyncolne  the  xiij.  day  of  Octobyr,       xiij.s.  vij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  a  frere  that  browhtte  here  to  my  mastyr,  viij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  ffor  halfe  a  doseyne  stryngys,  iij.d. 

Item,  govyn  a  bowyere  of  Lyncolne  the  same  day,  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  at  Lytylborwe  fery,  for  feryyng  of  my  masterys 
hors,  viij.d. 

Item,  for  horsmete  there,  x.d. 

Item,  for  bred  and  ale,  iiij.d. 

foi.  51.  b.         Item,  payd  the  xiiij.  day  of  Octobyr,  for  costys  at  Bawtre^  for  that  nyte 

next  afore  and  that  momyng,  ix.s.  v.d. 

Item,  ffor  oferyng  at  owre  Lady  of  Dancastyr,  iiij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  the  klerke  of  the  frerys*  at  Dancastre,  j.d. 

Item,  in  almesse  there,  ij.d. 

Item,  payd  there  for  a  peyre  knyvys  ffor  my  mastyr,  v.d. 

Item,  pAyd  to  Wylyam  FarnveUe,  ffor  almesse  layd  owht  by  hym  for  my 
mastyr,  j.d. 

Item,  payd  the  xiiij.  day  of  Octobyr,  ffor  baytyng  at  Doncastre,  a  noyn, 

vj.s.  ij.d. 

Item,  payd  there  for  ix.  yerdys  of  whyte  ffrese,  ffor  hownsys=  for  my  mas- 
terys hors,  v.s.  iij.d. 

Item,  ffor  mendyng  of  the  spere,  j.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  a  pore  man  there,  i.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  Syr  John  Dewe,  the  same  day  at  Dancastre,  viij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  xv.  day  of  Octobre,  at  Pomfret,  for  costys  there  the  nyte 
next  afore  tyl  the  sayd  day  at  aftyr  noyn,  viij.s,  iiij.d.  ob. 

'  Sang  to  us  ?  =  Sic.  ^  Bavvtry,  Co.  Notts.  *  friars.        «  housing's. 


229 

A.D.  1463.        Item,  govyn  the  sayd  day  to  a  frerethat  sayd  messe  afore  my  mastyr,  ij.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  makeyng  of  iij.  hownsys  ffor  my  masterys  hors,  viij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  the  man  that  rod  to  Knaysborwe '  to  Robart  Bymand, 

viij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  at  evyn,  at  the  same  towne,  for  menysmete  and 
horsmete  tyl  the  next  momyng,  v.s.  ix.d. 

Item,  govyn  the  xyj.  day  of  Octobyr,  to  a  frere  that  sayd  messe  and 
matynys  a  fore  my  mastyr,  the  sayd  day,  vj.d. 

Item,  to  a  taylor  that  sewyd  my  masterys  tepet,  j.d. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  for  beytyng  at  Tadcastyr  bryge,^  at  noyn,  iij.s.  vj.d. 

fol.  52.  Item,  payd  the  xvij,  day  of  Octobyr,  for  costys  at  Yorke,  for  the  evyn  next 

afore  and  that  day  tyl  evyn,  ix.s.  ob. 

Item,  delyveryd  the  xviij.  day  of  Octobyr,  to  the  man  of  Norfolke  that  rod 
to  my  lady  fro  Pomfret,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  for  a  pener  and  a  ynkome,  iij.d. 

Item,  ffor  watyr  for  my  masterys  hors,  the  sayd  day,  ob. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  for  wayshyng  of  my  masterys  shyrte,  j.d. 

Item,  payd  to  Wilyam  Famvelle  for  hys  costys  whan  he  royd  afore  to 
Yorke,  ij.d.  ob. 

Item,  spent  at  Pomfret  in  the  keschon,  the  xvij.  day  of  Octobyr  at  evyn,  in 
flesshe,  and  so  fro  that  day  in  to  the  xx.  day  of  Octobyr,  in  flesshe  and  fysshe, 

vj.s.  v.d. 

Item,  spent  at  Pomfret  in  bred  and  ale,  candeUys  and  fyer  for  the  schambre 
and  for  the  keschon  spent  in  the  dayes  a  bove  sayd,  ix.s.  ix.d. 

Item,  payd  for  horsmete  at  Pomfret,  fro  the  xvij.  day  of  Octobyr  in  to 
the  xxj.  day  of  Octobyr  at  noyn,  an(i  for  v.  hors  that  stayd  there  whyle  my 
mastyr  was  at  Yorke,  xix.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  shoyng  there,  ix.d. 

Item,  for  otmele  and  salt  and  mostard  there,  iij.d. 

Item,  payd  for  Robart  and  Janyne,  and  ffor  John  Davy  of  the  stabylle, 
for  ther  metys  whyle  my  mastyr  was  at  Yorke,  viij.d. 

M*.  that  my  mastyr  lent  to  John  Wodvyle,  the  xx.  day  of  Octobyr  at 
Pomfret,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

'  Knaresborough.  -  Tadcaster  bridge. 


230 

A.  D.  1463.        Item,  payd  the  xxj,  day  of  Octobyr,  at  Pomfret  at  dyner,  ij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  Sere  John  Dew,  the  sayd  day  at  Pomfret,  xij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  a  gyde  fro  Pomfret  to  Calthorn,'  the  sayd  day,  ij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  at  Calthorne,  for  a  halfe  a  scheyf  arwys,  x.d. 

foi.  52.  b.  Item,  payd  the  xxij.  day  of  Octobyr,  for  costys  at  Calthorne,  for  beytyng 

the  nyte  next  afore  and  the  sayd  day  in  the  mornyng  in  horsmete  and 

manysmete,  vj.s. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  at  Tynschetwesylle,^  ffor  beytyng  there  at  noyn, 

iij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  payd  the  xxiij.  day  of  Octobre,  for  costys  at  Stopford,^  in  the  nyte 
next  afore,  and  the  sayd  day  at  dyner,  .  xj.s.  ob. 

Item,  govyn  to  a  jentyhnanys  man  that  fond  Lokwode  at  StopfQrd,.viij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  a  mayde  that  tawte  the  wey  ovyr  Tyddysbery*  forthe,  j.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  a  man  that  shot  afore  my  mastjn:  at  Norwysche,'        iiij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  a  fedelere,  the  sayd  day  at  nyte,  iiij.d. 

Item,  govyn  on  almesse,  the  xxiiij.  day  of  Octobyr,  at  Northwysche,    j.d. 

Item,  payd  the  xxiiij.  day  of  Octobyr,  for  costys  at  Northwysche,  the  nyte 
next  afore  and  on  that  day,  xj.s.  xj.d.  ob. 

Item,  payd  the  xxv.  day  of  Octobyr,  ffor  costys  at  Schestyr,  the  nyte  next 
afore,  and  on  the  sayd  day,  xvj.s.  iij.d.  ob. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  at  the  ferybe  twex  Schestyr  and  the  Holte,  vj.d. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  for  mendyng  of  Reschard  Klowdeys  bowe,  iiij.d. 

Item,  govyn  the  xxvj.  day  of  Octobyr,  to  a  pore  man  at  the  Holte,       j.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  a  wryte  that  mayd  my  mastyrys  stabyle,  ij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  at  the  Holt,  for  horsbred,  ij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  xxvij.  day  of  Octobyr,  for  otys  for  my  masytyrs  hors,  xvj.d. 
foi.  53.  Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  for  horsbred,  vj.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  my  mastyr  lossy s  at  shotyng,  the  sayd  day,  vij.d. 

Item,  payd  to  Persyvale  the  sayd  day,  be  my  masytyrs  cumawndment,  vj.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Jemys  man  of  Colchestyr,  ffor  drawyng  on  of  my  mas- 
terys  botys  at  Stoke,  iiij.d. 

'  Cawtliorn,  Co.  York.  '  Tintwistle,  or  Tin^etwissel,  Co.  Chester. 

3  or  Stockport,  Co.  Chester.      *  Didsbury,  Co.  Lane.      *  Northwich,  Co.  Chester.' 


2.31 

A.  D.  1463.        Item,  payd  the  vij.  day  of  Octobyr,  to  Cacke  for  makyng  of  Thorpys 
gowne,  x.d. 

Item,  payd  to  Corbet  for  sartayne  costys  payd  be  bym,  xx.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  the  sayd  day  to  Kerry  Celerys  ffor  sartayne  costys  in 
rydyng,  xxij.d. 

Item,  govyn  the  sayd      '      to  John  Browne  the  armerer,  iiij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  my  lady,  iij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Corbet  the  x.  day  of  Octobyr,  to  bye  a  hatte  ffor  my 
mastyr,  xx.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  the  x.  day  of  Octobyr,  to  Jafery  Noreyys,  ffor  a  sorellyd 
hors  haumbelyng,  at  Lynne,  xx.s. 

Item,  delyveryd  the  xj.  day  of  Octobyr,  to  John  Tomson  at  Spaldyng, 
ffor  to  hele  wyth  the  grey  corser,  [be  my  mastyr  handys,J  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  the  xij.  day  of  Octobyr,  at  Lyncolne,  for  iij.  bowjs, 

vij.s. 

M.''  that  my  mastyr  bowte,  the  xiiij.  day  of  Octobyr,  of  John  Beverle  ij. 
awmbelynge  coltys,  and  the  sayd  John  shal  delyrer  them  at  Wynsche 
besyde  Lynne,  and  my  mastyr  bowte  them  and  payd  for  them  the  day 
above  sayd,  the  iij.^  yer  of  Kyng  Edward  the  iiij.'  ^  xlvj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Roberd  Coke,  for  money  leyyd  owhte  at  Wolpet,  iiij.d. 

foi.  53.  b.         Item,  delyveryd  the  xxviij.  day  of  Octobyr,  to  Reynold  Morgon  ffor  to 

rydy  to  Pomfret  and  to  TekyP  for  Syr  John  Dew,  v.s. 

Item,  payd  the  seyd  day,  ffor  horsbred,  vj.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  Wylyam  Farnvelle,  for  horsbred  for  hys  hors,  j.d. 

Item,  payd  the  same  day  ffor  wayshyng  of  ij.  schyrtys  of  my  masterjs, 

ij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  for  shaftys  for  my  mastyr,  ix.d. 

Item,  to  Reschard  Klowe  ffor  shaftys,  iiij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  Persyvale  the  sayd  day  for  shaftys,  iij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  Janyne  the  sayd  day,  j.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Wylyam  Farnvelle  for  costys  to  ryde  to  Syr  Necoll 
Latymer,  the  xxix.  day  of  Octobyr,  v.s. 

'  day.  '  A  repetition :  see  p.  226.  ^  Tickhill,  Co.  York. 


232 

A.  D.  1463.        Item,  delyveryd  to  the  sayd  Wylyam  for  hys  horscostys  at  the  Holte, 

iiij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Jahyne,  the  xxix.  day  of  Octobyr,  for  the  costys  of 
iij.  hors  and  ij.  men  fro  the  Holt  to  Stoke,  viij.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  gaf  to  Fennyng,  the  sayd  day,  ij.s. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  to  Fennyng  for  stryng,  and  for  a  gyde  at  the 
Wayhche,'  iiij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  the  sayd  day  to  Thomas  Barkere  for  to  ryde  in  to  Nor- 
folke,  and  so  hom,  vj.s. 

Item,  payd  to  the  sayd  Tomas  for  money  payd  be  hym  for  my  mastyr,  at 
the  taverne  at  the  Holt,  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  costys  of  v.  hors  at  the  Holt,  for  ij.  of  Robart  Byrnandys, 
for  Thorston  Pare,  for  Fennyngys,  and  for  Reschard  Klewdys,  iij.s.  ij.d. 

Item,  payd  for  iij.  hors,  the  tronke  hors,  and  Janenys,  and  for  Brameys 
hors,  for  a  nyte  and  a  day  at  the  Holt,  v.d. 

Item,  payd  the  xxx.  day  of  Octobyr,  for  ij.  bosshellys  otys,  at  the  Holt, 

vj.d.  ob. 
fol.  54.  Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  fFor  a  tancard  for  the  stabylle,  ij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  same  day  for  a  dysche  in  to  the  stabylle,  j.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  the  iyrste  day  of  Novembyr,  to  Page  of  my  lorddys 
howys,  for  shotyng,  iij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  ij.'  day  of  Novembrej  for  horsbred,  xvj.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  the  ij.''  day  of  Novembyr,  to  a  marschand  of 
Schestyr  for  a  sorellyd  hoby,  xx.s. 

Item,  payd  the  iij.«  day  of  Novembyr,  to  Wyntyr  of  my  lorddys  howys  of 
NorffoIke,  at  the  Holte,  xl.s. 

M.^  that  my  mastyr  and  Necolles  Ratklef  bowte  xxxiij.  oxsys  at  the  towne 
of  Wryxham^  in  Walys,  in  the  iij.=  yer  of  the  Kyng,  and  iij^  day  of  No- 
vembyr, and  they  stonde  them  upon  aUe,  thys  day  afore  rehersyd,  in  xviij.U. 
vij.s.  And  my  mastyr  delyveryd  the  same  day  to  the  sayd  Necolles  ffor  hys 
part,  ix.li.  iij.s.  vj.d. ;  and  my  mastyr  delyveryd  hym  for  hys  part  of  the 
costys  homward,  x.s. 

'  The  Wash.  s  Wrexham,  Co.  Denbigh. 


233 

A.D.  1463.  Item,  delyveryd  to  Tomas  Thorp  for  to'  Schestre  the  iiij.^  day  of  No- 
vembre,  ffor  to  schoe  my  masterys  hors,  and  for  a  peyre  hoseys  for  the  sayd 
Tomas,  iiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  for  wayshyyng  of  my  masterys  shyrtes,  ij.d. 

Item,  for  a  brosche,  ij.d. 

Item,  payd  for  a  goys^  flFor  my  mastyr,  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  for  a  peyre  shoys  for  John  Reschardde,  the  scheld^  of  the 
stabyUe,  vj.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  lent  to  yonge  Eton,  the  x.  day  of  Novembyr,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  payd  for  Brameys  costys  and  for  Reynolddys,  to  Pomfret  and  ayen 
to  the  Holt,  v.s.  x.d. 

Item,  payd  for  schoyng  of  the  yonge  hoby  at  the  Holt,  ij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  a  man  of  Schesschyre,  the  xv.  day  of  Novembyr,  viij.d. 
fol.  54.  b.  Item,  my  mastyr  payd  the  xvj.  day  of  Novembyr,  for  iij.  lodys  hay,    vij.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Elyot  my  lorddys  sehsiryette,  for  to  lede 
the  soreUyd  hoby  to  Bery^  fro  the  Holt,  xx.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  the  sayd  day  to  Tomas  Thorp,  to  ryde  to 
Stoke  fro  the  Holt,  v.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  lent  to  John  Paston''  that  dwellyt  wyih  my  lord  of 
NorfoIke,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  lent  the  xvj.  day  of  Novembyr  to  Fylbrygge,  at  the  Holt, 

yj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  the  viij.  day  of  Novembyr,  ffor  horsbred  and  for 
otys,  iiij.s. 

Item,  payd  the  xvj.  day  of  Novembyr,  ffor  stopyng  of  the  hoolys  of  my 
masterys  stabylle  at  the  Holtte,  ij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  for  waysscheyng  of  my  masterj^s  sherte,  j.d. 

Item,  payd  the  same  day  to  Johan  Gyldyr,  for  money  payd  at  Rowdonys, 
for  my  mastyr,  j-d. 

1  go  to.  '  goose  ?  '  child.  ■•  Bury  St.  Edmund's. 

»  There  is  a  letter,  of  this  date,  from  John  Paston  the  younger  to  his  father,  which 
explains  the  reasons  for  the  Duke  of  Norfolk's  prolonged  stay  on  the  Welsh  Borders. 
Patton  Correspondence,  vol.  i.,  p.  285. 

H  H 


234 

A.  D.  1463.        Item,  delyveryd  the  xvij.  day  of  Novembyr,  to  Reynold  Morgan  for  to 
ryde  to  Tekel,  for  Syr  John  Dew,  the  Holt,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  for  horsbred  at  the  Holt,  xviij.d. 

Item,  the  xviij.  day  of  Novembyr  for  horsbred,  iiij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  bowte  the  sayd  day  of  the  barkere  of  the  Holt,  al  the 
hey  that  he  hadde  in  hys  howys  for  xx.s. 

And  therof  my  mastyr  payd  hym  the  sayd  day  in  hande,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  bowte  the  same  day  of  the  glovere  of'the  Holt  a  stake  of 
hey,  for  v.s. 

And  my  mastyr  sent  hym  hys  money  be  Tomas  Knyte. 
foi.  55.  Item,  my  mastyr  payd  the  same  day  ffor  otys,  xix.d. 

Item,  payd  for  Brameys  costys  whan  he  rod  in  Schsschyr,  iiij.d,  ob. 

Item,  payd  the  xix.  day  of  Novembyr,  to  the  sraeyt  of  Wryxhanj,  for 
shoyng  of  my  masterys  hors,  ij.s.  v.d.  ob. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day,  for  a  lokke  for  the  pype  for  otys,  j.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  the  xxiij.  day  of  Novembyr,  to  the  bowyere  of 
Schestyr,  for  iij.  bowys  at  the  Holt,  vij.s. 

Item,  payd  ffor  the  sayd  day  for  iij.  bowys  for  the  heynsmen'  of  my 
lorddys  of  Norfolke,  ij.s. 

Item,  my  masjyr  payd  the  sayd  day,  iFor  a  bowe  ffor  Tomas  HyUe,       ij.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Braham  ffor  hys  costys  to  Pomfret,  and 
ffor  Wylyam  Farnvellys  costys  thedyr,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  del3rveryd  to  Reynold  Morgan  for  to  ryde  to  Pomfret, 
the  iij.'^  day  of  Dessembre,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  the  sayd  day,  ffor  horsbred,  xviij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  the  vj.  day  of  Dessembre,  for  horsbred,  xij.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Thorston  Par,  for  to  ryde  to  Schestyr,  iiij.d. 

,  Item,  my  mastyr  payd  the  x.  day  of  Dessembyr,  for  horsbred,         xviij.d. 

Item,  the  seconday^  beffore  my  mastyr  3ede  to  Chestre  he  3affe  to  iij. 
shoterys  off  Nawntyswych^  to  drynke,  -  iij. s.  iiij.d. 

And  syne  Braham  3ede  owt  my  mastyr  was  att  Ches'tyr  iiij.  dayis  shotynge, 
and  there  he  spehte  in  mete  and  drynke,  xxxvii.s.  v.d. 

Item,  in  horsmete,  iiii.s.  ix.d. 

1  henchmen.  ^  ^,j,_  3  Nantwich,  Co.  Chester. 


235 

* 

A.D.  I4fi3.         Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  ffor  ij,  bowys  ffor  hym  selffe,        vj.s. 

Item,  ffor  a  bow  flfor  Syr  John  Dew,  ij.s. 

Item,  payd  to  flescher  flfor  a  standard  and  a  scheflFe  [haruys]  arewe,      x.d. 

Item,  to  the  same  flescher  flfor  viij.  shaflPtys  flfor  my  mastyr,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  the  todre  flecher  flfor  xij.  shaflftys 
flfor  hym  selflfe,  xviij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  hym  flfor  v.  shaflRtys  flfor  Ryehard  Clowthe,     viij.d. 

Item,  payd  flfor  ij.  dosyn  stryngys,  xij.d. 

'  Item,  payd  flfor  pesynge  oflf  bowys  and  ovyrdrawynge  oflf  bowis,  and  flfor 

pykynge  oflf  bowys,  xxj.d. 

foi.  55.  b.  Item,  the  same  day  payd  flfor  a  peyre  botuys  flfor  ray  mastyr,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  flfor  a  why3te  mantylle,  iiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  hath  a  nothyr  oflf  russett  that  mastyr  Wynflfeld  3oflfe  hym. 

Item,  att  Chestyr  the  same  tyme,  my  mastyr  3ave  to  the  iij.  shoterys  off 
Nawntyswyche,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  xxix.  day  off  Novembre,  my  mastyr  payd  to  one  off  the  bakerys 
off  Chestre,  ffor  horsbred,  ffor  old  and  new,  ij.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  had  off  the  baker,  the  flecherys  broder,  in  horsbred,  x.d. 

Item,  payd  to  John  Alye  ffor  horsebred,  the  iij.  day  off  Desembre,  xviij.d. 

Item,  the  xiij.  day  off  Desembre,  my  mastyr  rode  to  Chestre,  and  there  he 
spent  in  horssemete  and  mannys  mete,  beyng  owt  ij.  dayis,  xij.s.  iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  tyme  payd  ffor  a  horsse  combe  ffor  John  Davy,  iiij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  the  bowerys'  brodryr  att  Chestre,  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  in  offerynge  att  Chestre,  vj.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  a  rede  mantylle,  the  same  day,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  ffere^  hedes,  x.d. 

Item,  gevyn  to  them  off  Chestre,  the  same  day,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  for  a  peyr  botuyis,  ffor  my  mastyr, 

xij.d. 

Item,  ffor  ffotynge  off  a  peyr  botys,  ffor  John  Davy,  vj.d. 

Item,  ffor  a  haltre,  oh. 

Item,  payd  att  the  ffery,  for  ij.  horsse,  j.d. 

'  bowyer's.  •^"  :  spere  ? 


236 

A.  D.  1463-4.       Item,  ffor  apelys  att  the  Holt,  the  same  day,  j.d. 

Item,  gevyn  to  Cullynge  on  Crystemasse  day,  j.d. 

Item,  gevyn  to  John  de  Lyon  on  Seynt  Stevyn  day,  fFor  to  bye  a  payr 
hosyn,  xxij.d. 

Braham.}     Item,  the  xj.  day  off  Jenever,  payd  ffor  horsebrede,      iiij.s.  ix.d. 

Item,  the  xiij.  day  off  Jenever,  payd  ffor  horsebrede,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  a  payr  hosyn  ffor  the  chyld  off  the  stable, 

x.d. 

Item,  ffor  oynement  ffor  the  horse,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  xvij.  day  off  Desembre,  my  mastyr  payd  att  the  Holt  ffor  horse 
brede,  be  the  handys  off  Robart  Gierke,  to  the  flecherys  broder  of  Chestyr, 

ij.s. 

And  so  he  is  content,  saffe  ij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  the  todyr  baker  ffor  horsebred,   ij.s. 

And  he  is  content,  saff  ij.d. 
fol.  56.  Item,  the  xx.  day  off  Desembre,  my  mastyr  payd  to  Davy  Feroris  man 

ffore  a  blakke  mantylle  and  a  whygthe,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  on  Crystemasse  evyn  hys  evyn,'  my  master  payd  to  the  bakere  of 
Chestre,  ffor  horsbrede  for  the  laste  day  and  now,  v.s. 

And  so  he  is  alle  content. 

Item,  in  the  day  beffore  my  mastyr  payd  ffor  horsebrede  to  the  fflecherys 
broder,  be  the  handys  off  Thomas  Barker,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  made  comenawnt  wyth  the  maker  off  arow 
hedys  that  he  schall  have  off  hym  v.  hedys  ffore  a  j.d. ;  and  my  mastyr  toke 
hym  onward  in  erneste,  v.s. 

Item,  the  day  beffore  my  mastyr  spent  att  Wytecherche,  iij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  on  Crystemasse  evyn,  my  mastyr  payd  to  Bramtone,  onward  off 
that  he  owt  hym. 

And  my  mastyr  toke  hym  a  nodyr  tyme, 

Item,  on  Newerys  evyn  my  mastyr  toke  to  Bramton, 

And  so  my  mastyr  owyth  hym  but  xxvj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  mastyr  Wynffeld, 

And  so  he  owyth  hym  nowt. 

>  Sic. 


vj.s. 

viij 

.d, 

v.s. 

viij 

.d, 

XX.  s, 

xxxiij.s, 

,  iiij. 

,d. 

237 

A.D.  1463-4.       Item,  the  morow  afftyr  Newerys  day,  my  mastyr  payd  to  Bramton, 

xxvj.s.  viij.d. 

And  so  my  mastyr  hath  content  hym. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  Thomas  Welence,  xxvj.s.  viij.d. 

And  so  my  mastyr  hath  content  hym. 

Item,  the  iiij.  day  oif  Jenever,  payd  ffor  iij.  shepys  scynnys,  ix.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  boruyd  off  the  stuward  att  the  cardys,  iirj.  marc. 

Item,  my  mastyr  l)oruyd  off  hym  ffor  my  lord,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Wheroff  my  mastyr  payd  hym  the  xij.  day  off  Jenever,  xx.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  hym  the  xiiij.  day  off  Jenever,  xlvj.s.  viij.d. 

And  so  my  mastyr  hath  content  hym  hys  v.  marc. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Thomas   Barker  ffor  hys 
costys  to  Stoke,  and  for  that  he  boruyd  off  the  dene  ffor  hys  costys  to  Holt, 

x.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr   payd  to  Robart   Koke,  ffor  to  paye  to 
Thomas  Howde,  xx.d. 

And  so  the  sayd  Thomas  hat  resseyvyd  in  alle,  in  perty  off  payment  off 
hys  hey,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 
fol.  56  b.         Item,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Thurston  iiij.s.,  off  the  wiche  he  payd  att 
Chestre : 

Ferste,  ffor  lynynge  to  my  masterys  gown,  ij.s.  ij.d. 

Item,  ffor  ij.  breshys,  iij.d. 

Item,  ffor  bowstrynggys,  iij.d. 

Item,  ffor  a  peyr  sherys,  j.d. 

Item,  ffor  hys  costys,  iij-d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  owt  the  sayd  Thurston,  xij.d. 

Summa,  iiij.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  toke  Thurston  whan  he  went  ffor  hameys  to  Chestre, 
ffor  John  Ahnerys  costys  and  hys,  ij-s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  xij.  day  of  Jenever,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Thurston  to  bye  gere  att 
CRestyr,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

And  ther  he  spent  as  folwythe : 

Ferste,  ffor  bokeram,  xviij.d. 

Item,  ffor  lynnyn  clothe,  xvj.d. 


238 

A.  D.  1463-4.       Item,  ffor  threde,  "j-d.  ob. 

Item,  ffor  sugar  and  peper,  iij.d. 

Item,  ffor  horsebrede  to  the  baker,  payd  by  Thurston,  ij.s. 

Item,  ffor  hys  horse,  ij-d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  gaff  to  a  man  off  Breton'  that  brawt  vij.b3.  otys,       xij.d. 
M."*  these  be  the  parsellys  that  Thomas  Hoo  payd  ffor  Syr  John  Howard : 

Ferst,  to  Thomas  Sawnsam,  iij.S.  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  John  Studley,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  Sere  Thomas  Hertley,  x.s. 

Item,  ffor  a  payre  hosyn  ffor  Perse  Sevyle,  iiij.s.' 

Item,  ffor  iiij.  3erdys  and  di.  off  damaske,  to  John  Martyn,  xxxvj.s. 

Off  the  wyche  Thomas  Hoo  owt  my  mastyr      ^ 

These  be  the  parsellys  that  Thomas  Sawnsam  leyd  down  ffor  my  mastyr, 
att  London : 

Ferste,  ffor  a  flyn  blakke  bonet,  ij.s. 

Item,  ffor  a  gyrdyU  off  reban,  ij.s. 

Item,  ffor  shone  and  botuyis,  ij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  ffor  a  doseyn  bowstryngys,  vj.d. 

Summa,  vj.s.  x.d. 

Item,  the  xviij.  day  off  Jenever,  my  mastyr  payd  to  Thomas  a  Ratclyffe 
that  he  boruyd  off  hym,  xxvj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  he  payd  to  Gulson  that  he  boruyd  off  hym  and  hys 
ffeleshyppe,  xx.s. 

foi.  57.  Item,  the  xxj.  day  off  Jenever,  my  mastyr  spent  att  Chestyr; 

In  exspencys  ffor  hym  and  hys  men,  xv.d.  ob. 

Item,  in  horsemett  and  shoyn'ge  att  the  sayd  town,  rj.s.  j.d.  ob. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  ffor  iij.  3erdys  ffusteyn  blakke, 

ij.s.  iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  ffor  x,  3erdys  off  Chawmpeyn  clothe,  iij.s.  vij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  hym  that  makyth  arew  hedys, 

xij.d. 

And  so  he  bathe  resseyvid  in  alle,  vj.s. 

'  Brecon?  2  Blank  in  MS. 


239 

A.  D.  1453-4.      And  the  xxiij.  day  of  Janever,  I  bowete  of  the  hotel  maker  of  Schester  is  boy 
fore,  vij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  I  delyverd  my  taborete  the  same  day  a  new  gowen,  and  iij.d. 

Dobelete. }  And  the  xxiiij.  day  of  Janever,  I  toke  to  the  dobelete  maker  of  the 
Holte  to  make  me  a  dobelete  of fense,  fore  hevery  for^  qwarter  xmij.folde  theke 
of  voyte  fostyen,  and  iiij.  fold  of  lenen  klothe,  and  a  folde  of  blake  fostyen  to 
pote  wethe  howete ;  and  fore  hevery  bake  qwarter  xvj.  folde  of  wyte  fostyen,  and 
iiij.  of  lenen  klothe,  and  j.  of  blake,  for  the  kewferenge  ;  and  fore  the  sieves  J. 
folde  of  blake  fostyen,  and  vj.  of  wyte,  and  ij.  of  lenen  klothe ;  and  the  same  day 
I  toke  theme"^  onward,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  iFerste  day  off  Feverer,  my  mastyr  toke  John  Delyon,  ffor  ma- 
kynge  off  hys  gown,  x.d. 

Item,  the  Sonday  beffore  Candylmesse  day,  my  mastyr  receyvid  off  hym 
that  makyth  arow  hedys,  nye  iiij.c.  hedys,  ffor  the  wych  my  mastyr  hath 
content  hym  ffor. 

And  the  sam  day  my  mastyr  toke  hym  in  emest,  ffor  to  make  mo  arow 

hedys,  ij.s.  vj.d. 

fol.  57.  b.  And  tJie  xxiiij.  day  of  Janever,  I  toke  to  Lansgay  to  ryd  on  my  herand,  xx.d. 

And  the  xxv.  day  of  Janever,  I  toke  to  Roberd  Koke  to  pay  for  a  karte  hey, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  the  same  day  I  toke  to  Janen  to  pay  fore  holes,  ij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  the  same  day  I  ^^affe  to  my  wyffe,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  the  xxvij.  day  of  Janever  I  toke  to  Tomas  Boschefor  wodekokes,    xij.d. 

Item,  the  fferst  day  off  Feverer,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Thomas  Howde 
ffor  hey,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  so  he  hath  resseyvyd  in  all,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Braham  ffor  his  costj's  and 
Willyam  Fernvale,  to  the  Kynge,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  iiij.  day  of  Feverer,  my  mastyr  payd  to  the  baker  off  Chestyr 
ffor  horse  bred,  ij-s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  vi].  day  of  Feverer,  my  mastyr  payd  ffor  his  soper  at  Chestre  : 

Ferst,  in  bred,  vj.d. 

1  fore.  '  tim. 


240  , 

A.  D.  1463-4,       Item,  in  ale,  xiiij.d. 

Item,  in  ffleshe,  xviij.d, 

Siimma  totalis,         ' 

Item,  the  next^  fFor  dynyr  att  Chestre,  in  brede,  iiij.d, 

Item,  in  ale,  xij.d. 

Item,  in  ffleshe  and  fyshe,  xiij.d. 

Item,  in  ffer  and  candeUys,  vij.d. 

Item,  in  horsemet  iFor  x.  horse  in  my  masterys  ynne,  ij.s.  iij.d. 

Item,  fFor  vj.  horse  in  the  next  ynne,  "    ij.s. 

Item,  in  horsemet  ifor  Leche,  v.d. 

Item,  fFor  Crew  Wodhaw  and  Pate,  vij.d.  oh. 

Item,  fFor  Dyx,  xx.d. 

Item,  ffor  Johnson  and  Alysawndre,  vj.d. 

Item,  in  almesse,  iij.d. 

Item,  in  mendynge  ofF  gawntletys,  ij.d. 

Item,  in  shoynge,  ij.d. 

Item,  in  shoynge,  iirj.d. 

Summa  totahs,         ^ 
foi.  58.  Item,  my  mastyr  gafF  to  Thomas  ofF  Chambre  the  Kynggys  raessanger,  att 

Chestre,  iij.s  iiij.d. 

Item,  gaff  to  a  yonge  man,  ij.d. 

Item,  to  Jenyn,  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  att  the  ffery  bote,  xij.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  a  peyre  shoys  for  Lew,  vj.d. 

Item,  gaff  Hookslee  wyth  my  lord  Stanley,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Summa,         ' 

Item,  the  x.  day  of  Feverer,  my  mastyr  payd  ffor  ij.b}.  otys  and  di.,    xv.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  the  same  day  to  my  lady  off  Norffolke  ffore  a 

palfrey,  v.  marc. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaffe  to  the  jeman  off  my  ladyis  horsse, 

xij.d. 

*[Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr"  to  Thomas  of  Chambre  the  Kynggys 

messanger,  xx.d.] 

'  Blank  in  MS.        =  day.        a  Blanks  in  MS.         •>  Cancelled.  »  gave. 


241 

A.D.  1163-4.       Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  a  woman  oflF  Holt  ffor  otys  that 
Jenyn  bowt,  ij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  the  xij.  day  off  Jenever,  my  mastyr  rode  to  Chestre,  and  ther  he  was 
ffro  Soneday  at  evyn  tyll  the  Twysday  in  the  momynge,  and  ther  he  spentte, 

x.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  tyme  my  mastyr  payd  ffor  woddkokkys,  viij.d. 

Item,  ffor  Pondre,  the  same  tyme,  xij.d. 

Item,  ffor  medecynis  ffor  horse,  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  Thurston  that  he  leyd  down  the  same  day,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  xiiij.  day  of  Feverer,  my  mastyr  payd  to  Thomas  Gulson  that  he 
boruyd  off  hym  to  pay  ffor  my  ladyis  fferyage  att  the  ffery,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  the  same  day  ffor  xxxj.  3erdys  off  ffusteyn  to  the 
mercer  off  the  Holt,  xj.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  the  sayd  mercer  ffor  iiij.  3erdys  off  blakke  fiiisteyn,  iij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  the  sayd  mercer  ffor  v.  3erdys  and 

a  quarter  off  Brabante  clothe,  xxiij.d. 

fol.  58.  b.         And  aU  this  my  mastyr  toke  to  Rechard  Smalshawe,  to  make  a  Scottysh 

jakke  to  my  sayd  mastyr ;  and  my  mastyr  toke  hym  xv.  3erdys  off  ffusteyn 

off  hys  own,  prise  v.s.  \-iij.d 

Item,  the  xv.  day  of  Feverer,  my  mastyr  payd  to  the  taylor  off  Holt  ffor 
makynge  off  a  doblet  off  ffence  and  odre  gere  ffor  childre,  vj.s.  iiij.d. 

Besyde  xx.d.  he  hadde  beffore. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  a  man  off  my  lord  Stanleyis  that 
made  my  masterys  doblet  off  ffence,  ffor  the  makynge  theroff  and  the  powdre 
therto,  vij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  gaff  to  master  Stawnfford  the  same  day,  at  Holt,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  gaff  to  Robyn  off  kechyn  the  same  day,  xij.d. 

Item,  payd  to  Gethyn  ffor  straw  and  otys,  x^oij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  same  day  to  Davy  Morgon  ffor  costys  off  my  masterys  men 
when  he  cam  fferst  to  Holt,  xiij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  same  day  ffor  a  doble  gyrthe,  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  costys  off  the  why3th  palffiray  that  came  owt  of  Sropshyre, 
whyU  he  stode  in  the  Holt,  iiij.d. 

I  I 


242 

A.  D.  1463-4.  Reynold      1,  ,  ,  ^.111.^  re  -J 

,, '  }■     Item,  the  same  day  to  Reynold  Morgon  ffor  wages,  xvj.d. 

Morgon.    J 

Item,  payd  the  same  day  to  Rechard  Clowth  ffor  wagys,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  xvj.  day  off  Feverer  payd  ffor  my  masterys  costys  at  Whysth- 
cherche,  be  the  handys  off  Braham,  iiij.s.  vij.d.  oh. 

Item,  payd  to  a  man  off  Why3th  Cherche  that  hare  a  lettre  to  my  lady, 

vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  ffor  my  masterys  costys  at   Damton,  be  the 
handys  off  Braham,  ij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  my  masterys  costys  at  Stafford,  the  same  day,  be  the 
handys  of  the  sayd  Braham,  viij.s.  iij.d. 

Item,  the  xvij.  day  off  Feverer,  payd  ffor  masterys  costys  att  Mersam,  he 
the  handys  off  Braham,  xix.d.  oh. 

Item,  ffor  my  masterys  costys  the  same  day  at  Leysetre,  and  the  next  day 
in  the  momynge,  payd  be  the  handys  of  the  sayd  Braham,  viij.s.  vij.d. 

Item,  ffor  my  masterys  beytynge  att  Herborow,'  payd  be  the  handys  off 
Braham,  the  xviij.  day  of  Feverer,  xvij.d.  oh. 

Summa  totalis,        ^ 
fol.  o9.  Item,   the   xviij.    day    off  FevereUe,   payd   ffor   my   masterys   costys   at 

Thrapston,'  be  the  handys  off  Braham,  vj.s.  ob. 

Item,  the  xix.  day  off  FevereUe,  payd  ffor  my  masteris  costys  at  Hunt- 
yngton  at  dyner,  be  Braham  handys,  iiij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  Robart  Gierke  on  hys  wagys  be 
the  handys  of  Braham,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  sam  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Willyam  Fernwale,  ffor  hys 
wagys,  be  the  handys  of  Braham,  ij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  John  Delyon,  to  ryde  to  Stoke 
fro  Cambrege,  xvj.d. 

Item,  ffor  WyUyam  Fernwalys  costys  when  he  rode  be  ffore  to  Cawnbrege, 

j.d. 

Item,  payd  ffor  my  masterys  costys  at  Cambregge,  fro  the  xix.  day  off 
FevereUe  into  the  xxij.  day  off  FevereUe,  be  the  handys  off  Braham,  xxj.s.  vj.d. 

^  Market-Harborough,  Co.  Leicester.  ^  Blank  in  MS. 

'  Thrapston,  Co.  Northampton. 


243 

A.  D.  1463-4.       Item,  payd  the  same  day,  ffor  makynge  clene  of  a  spere  hede,  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  same  day  to  Rechard  Clowthe  on  hys  wagys,  be  the  handys 
of  Braham,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Braham  ffor  serteyn  gere  leyd  domie,  ij.s.  x.d. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Reynold  Morgon  to  ryde  to  Stoke  ffi-o  Royston,  ffor 
the  gray  horse,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  ffor  my  masterys  costys  at  Royston,  the  xxiij.  day  of  FevereUe,  be 
the  handys  off  Braham,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  ffor  my  masterys  costys  at  Ware,  the  xxiiij.  day  off  Feverelle,  payd 
be  the  handys  off  Braham,  vj.s.  x.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  delyveryd  to  John  Gylder  on  hys  wagys,  be  the  handys 
of  Braham,  viij.d. 

Summa  totalis,         ' 
foi.  59.  b.         Item,  payd  at  Waltom^  Crosse,  firo  the  xxiiij.  day  off  FevereUe  into  the 
xxvij.  day  of  the  same  monyth,  ffor  my  masterys  costys,  payd  be  the  handys 
of  Braham,  xv.s.  x.d. 

Item,  payd  the  same  day,  be  the  handys  off  Braham,  ffor  hys  costys  and 
Lewys  to  ryde  a  ffore  to  London,  ^-iij.d. 

Item,  Braham  payd  the  same  day  to  WOlyam  Femwale  ffor  dyverse  gere 
that  he  leyd  down,  iiij.d. 

Item,  ffor  bote  hyre  to  the  sayd  Femwale  for  Thomas  Hoo,  j.d. 

Item,  Braham  payd  ffor  my  masterys  mennys  soper  when  he  so\vpyd  wyth 
mastyr  Thomas  Wyndffeld,  the  ferst  day  off  Marche  at  the  Fyshemongerys 
bowse,  ij'S- 

Item,  govyn  to  a  man  that  browt  the  byekoket  firo  Syre  Robart  Chamn- 
breleyn,  xij.d. 

Item,  gaff  to  Pye  at  Waltham  Crosse,  ffor  a  genet  that  my  mastyr  had  off 
the  Kynge,  'j-s-  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  John  Gylder  the  xxvij.  day  off  Feverelle,  to 
ffech  the  sayd  horse  at  Seynt  Oswoldys,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  John  Davy  on  hys  wagys,  the  second  day 
off  Marche,  iij-s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  John  Tomson  the  same  day,  on  hys  wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

'  Blank  in  MS.  '  Waltham. 


244 

A.  D.  1463-4.       Item,  to  Braham  on  hys  wagys  the  same  day,  be  the  handys  oiF  my  mastyr, 

vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  at  the  Belle  in  Fyshestret  ffor  his 
dyner,  ij-s. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  at  ny3the  ifor  his  stewe  and  odre  costys  at  the  Angyll 
in  Temsestret,'  xxj.d. 

Summa  totaUs,         ^ 
foi.  60.  These  ben  the  percellys  payd  be  the  handys  oif  Strawnge,  the  vj.  day  off 

Feverelle,  an",  r.  r.  E.  quarti  iij°. 

In  primis,  gaff  to  mastyr  Howys  man  to  drynke,  the  same  day,  viij.d. 

Item,  ffor  hys  bed  at  the  Holt,  payd  the  same  day,  xiiij.d. 

Item,  ffor  hys  soper  at  Waltham  Abbey,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  xxvj.  day  of  Feverelle,  ffor  a  bote  to  Westemenstyr,  j.d. 

Item,  the  xxviij.  day  of  Feverelle,  ffor  hys  soper  at  Westmenstyr,  ij.d. 

Item,  ffor  hys  dyner  and  Robart  Kokys  at  Westmenstyr,  the  xxix.  day  off 
Feverelle,  iiij.d. 

Item,  ffor  hys  dyner  the  fyrst  day  off  Marche,  at  Westemenstyr,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  ij.  day  off  Marche,  ffor  a  bote  ffor  my  mastyr  to  Seynt  Mary 
Overyse,'  ij.d. 

Item,  gevyn  to  a  chylde  off  the  Trynyte  shyppe,  j.d. 

Item,  ffor  vj.  off  my  masterys  mennys  dyner  in  Old  Fyshestret,  vij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  WiUyam  Fern  wale,  ffor  otys,  ij.s. 

Item,  the  iij.  day  off  Marche,  payd  ffor  a  bote  to  Westmenstyr,  iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  ffor  hys  dyner  and  Reynoldys,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  ffor  his  soper  and  Rechard  Clowthys,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  iiij.  day  off  Marche,  ffor  hys  dyner  and  ij.  off  yowr  men,        \'j.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  ffor  a  bote  to  London,  ffor  my  mastyr,  iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  ffor  vj.  off  my  masterys  mannys  soper  in  Bredstret, 

xiiij.d. 

Item,  the  v.  day  off  Marche,  ffor  shavynge  off  my  mastyr,  ij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  same  day  to  my  masterys  drapere,  ffor  hys  blakke  gowne, 
payd  be  the  handys  off  the  sayd  Strawnge,  xxij.s. 

•  Thames-street.  ■  Blank  in  MS.  '  St.  Mary  Overy's,  Southwark. 


245 

A.  D.  1 1G3-4.       Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Thomas  Prese  ffor  fturynge  oflF  the  same  blakke 
gown,  payd  be  the  sayd  Strawnge,  x.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  John  a  Lye  ffor  makynge  off  the  same  gown, 

ij.s.  iiij.d. 
Item,  payd  to  the  wyve  off  the  Cardenallys  Hat  ffor  my  masterys  botys, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 
-Item,  to  Rechard  Waleys  the  same  day  ffor  wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  ffor  a  payre  shone  and  a  shyrt  ffor  Lewe,  xiiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  a  chapelle'  off  London,  j.d. 

Item,  the  yj.  day  off  Marche,  payd  to  Willy  am  Fern  wale,  ffor  wagys, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 
Item,  the  same  day  ffor  a  bote  to  Westemenstyr,  iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  fore  vj.  of  your  mennys  dyner  at  Westemenstyr, 

xvij.d.  ob. 
Item,  the  same  day  to  Robart  Gierke  ffor  wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  ffor  nervaUe  to  John  Davy,  j.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  for  red  wyn  at  the  Bere  in  Sowthewerke,  iij.d. 

Summa  totahs,         ^ 
foi.  CO.  b.  An°.  r.  r.  E.  iiij."  quarto. 

Item,  the  vj.  day  of  Marche,  gaf  to  Roger  Tegois  man  to  go  on  yowr  messeige 
into  Sowthwerke,  j.d. 

Item,  to  the  man  that  yode  to  Bramboru3tht'  ffor  Lankton,  iiij.d. 

Item,  in  exspencys  at  the  CasteUe  in  Sothewerke,  the  same  day,     vij.d.  ob. 
Item,  payd  the  vij.  day  off  Marche,  ffor  a  bote  to  Westemenstyr,  iij.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  for  vij.  off  your  mennys  dyner  at  Westmenstyr,       xij.d. 
Item,  the  same  day  for  a  boote  to  London,  iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  ffor  wyne  at  mastyr  Feraffes,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  ix.  day  off  Marche,  ffor  a  h.  candellys,  ij.d. 

Item,  in  offerynge  at  my  lord  of  Oxynfordys  terment,*  j.d. 


'  chaplain  ?  -'  Blank  in  MS.  '  Sic.  Bamborough  ? 

»  At  the  tomb  of  John  de  Vere,  12th  Earl  of  Oxford,  in  the  Church  of  the  Austin  Friars, 
London.  He  married  Elizabeth,  cousin  of  Sir  John  Howard,  and  was  attainted  and  be- 
headed in  1461. 


246 

A.  D.  1463-4.      Item,  the  same  day  gaiF  to  Watkyn  the  Kynggys  horseleche,  ffor  dytynge 
of  my  masterys  horsses,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  ffor  a  bote  to  London,  iij.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  Sot  WiUyam  Fernwalys  dyner,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  to  Robart  Koke  iFor  his  dyner  in  Smytheffede,        ij.d. 
Item,  iFor  washynge  off  my  masterys  shyrte,  j.d. 

Item,  the  x.  day  off  Marche,  to  Rechard  Waleys  to  bey  leter  ffor  my 
masterys  horsys,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  ffor  my  masterys  shone,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  ffor  a  payre  patenys,  iij.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  for  mastyr  Thomas  and  mastyr  Nycholas^  brekeffaste, 

vj.d. 
Item,  the  sayd  ny3the  ffor  my  masterys  costys  in  Sowthewerke,  viij.d. 
Item,  the  sayd  day  to  Reynold  ffor  hys  costys  to  the  Holt,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  the  sayd  Reynold  on  hys  wagys,  the  same  day,  xx.d. 

Item,  ffor  a  bote  to  Westemenstyr  the  same  day,  iij.d. 

Item,  ffor  a  payre  patynys  for  my  mastyr,  iij.d. 

Item,  for  your  mennys  brekefast  the  same  day  at  Westemenstyr,        vij.d. 
Item,  for  the  soper  in  Sowthewerke  wen  ye  sopyd  wyth  my  lord  Audeley, 

vj.d. 
Item,  the  same  day  ffor  a  bote  to  London,  iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  ffor  shavynge  off  my  mastyr,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  ffor  a  bote  to  lord  Audeleyis  place,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  ffor  a  potelle  of  ypocrasse,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  for  ij.  3erdys  off  grene  clothe, 

vj.s.  viij.d. 

Summa  totalis,        ^ 

foi.  61.  Item,  the  xj.  day  off  Marche,  payd  ffor  a  payre  patynys,  iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  ffor  wrytynge  off  a  lettre,  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  Syre  John  Dew  ffor  his  costys  to  Stoke,  the  same  day,  xx.d. 

'  The  two  sons  of  Sir  John  Howard.  Thomas  was  created  Earl  of  Surrey,  28th  June, 
1483,  vitd  patris ;  Nicholas  does  not  appear  In  the  pedigree  of  the  Howard  family  and 
probahly  died  young.  2  Blank  in  MS. 


247 

A.D.  14G3-4.       Item,  for  a  bote  to  mastyr  Hoois,  j.d. 

Item,  ffor  v.  of  your  mennys  soper  in  Sothewerke  at  Wekesonys,        ix.d. 

Item,  the  xij.  day  of  Marche,  to  John  Gylder  flfor  wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  Rechard  Clowthe  ffor  waggys  the  same  day,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  Thorp  for  a  shyrt  the  same  day,  xij.d. 

Item,  to  the  goodman  of  Cardenallys  Hat  for  horsemet  the  same  day, 

vij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  ffor  my  masterys  mennys  costys  when  thei  came  ferst  to  London, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  my  masterys  costys  in  bred,  ale,  and  ffere,  xiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  tyme  ffor  Reynoldys  horse  for  a  ny3the,  iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  tyme  for  ij.  ny3this  in  beddys,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  tyme  ffor  a  bote  to  Westemenstyr,  iij.d. 

Item,  ffor  botehyre  ffor  iiij.  men  to  London,  ij.d. 

Item,  ffor  oystrys  the  same  tyme,  j.d. 

Item,  ffor  wyne  at  the  Sone  in  Lumbart  Stret,  %'iij.d.  ob. 

Item,  the  same  tyme  to  my  lord  Burgeny  man  ffor  a  horn,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  ny3the  ffor  wafferys,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  xiij.  day  off  Marche,  ffor  a  bote  to  Westemenstyr,  iij-d- 

Item,  ffor  ij.  mennys  dyner  the  same  day,  iiij.d. 

Item,  ffor  Robart  Koke  and  Robart  Clerkes  soper  the  same  day,         iiij.d. 

Item,  ffor  a  bote  to  the  lord  Audeleys  place,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  my  lord  Audeleys  man,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  ffor  a  doblet  clothe  of  velvet,   xxvj.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  ffor  shafftys,  ij.s.  \-iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  the  Lumbart'  at  Roger  Tegois, 
ffor  sylke  to  henge  wyth  a  bed,  iij.li.  x.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  ffor  a  payre  shone,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Willyam  Dewbume,  ffor  to  bye 
stoffe  ffor  hys  sadelys,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  the  sayd  sadeler,  be  the 
handys  off  Roger  Tegois  wyffe,  xl.s. 

'  Lombard-merchant. 


248 

A.  D.  1463-4.      And  so  he  hath  had  in  alle,  iij.h. 

Item,  my  mastyr  gaff  to  mast]^?  Spencerys  men  to  drjnike,  when  he  3aff  my 
mastyr  a  sadylle  off  stele,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Summa  totalis,         ' 
foi.  61.  b.  Ano  r.  r.  E.  quarto. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  ffor  x.  jerdys  sarsynet  to  Thomas  Rowson  merser 
in  Chepesyde,  ^^x-s- 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Morkere  of  my  lord  of  Norffolkes  howsse, 
ffor  a  horsse,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,   the   same  day  payd  ffor  Jamys  Hoberd  costys  and  Thorpis,  at 
the  Cardenalys  Hat,  ij.d. 

Item,  for  paper  and  hynke,  j.d. 

Item,  the  xiiij.  day  of  Marche,  payd  ffor  my  masterys  takelys,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  at  dyner  at  the  Bere  in  Sowthewerke  in  costys, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  that  my  mastyr  lost  at  shotynge,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  at    soper,  in   Oldefyshestret,  in  exspencys  at  the 
Kyngys  Hed,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  for  drynke  for  your  men  at  evyn,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  payd  to  Robart  Koke  for  wagys,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  to  John  Davy  for  wagys  the  same  day,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  xv.  day  of  Marche  to  Robart  Gierke  for  wagys,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  for  a  bote  to  Westmenstre  the  sayd  day,  iij.d. 

Item,  ffor  botehyre  ffor  iiij.  of  your  men  to  London,  ij.d. 

Item,  for  iiij.  of  your  mennys  dyners  at  Westemenstyr,  ,  x.d. 

Item,  gaff  to  a  pardon'  the  same  day,  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  John  Tomson  for  salve  for  your  courser,  viij.d. 

Item,  gaff  to  a  man  of  my  lord  Powes,  xij.d. 

Item,  for  shavynge  off  my  mastyr,  ij.d. 

Item,  gaff  to  a  cordwaner,  j.d. 

Item,  geven  to  a  taylorys  man,  j.d. 

Item,  in  a  quarte  wyne  the  same  day,  iij.d. 

Item,  in  fflytys  ffor  my  mastyr  the  sayd  day,  viij.d. 

'  Blank  in  MS.  ^  to  a  pardoner,  or  seller  of  indulgences  ? 


249 

A.D.  1463-4.       Item,  the  xvij.  day  off  Marche,  payd  to  Robart  Koke  for  w.  xx.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  for  washynge  off  a  shyrt,  j.d. 

Item,  in  bowe  strynggys  for  my  mast]^,  the  sayd  day,  ij.d. 

Item,  ffor   both3n'e  of  my   mastyr,  mastyr  Chawmbreleyn,  and  mastyr 
Wyndffeld,  to  London,  vj.d. 

Item,  for  v.  men  off  my  masterys  and  iij.  off  mastjn:  Chambreleynys 
menne  dynerys  at  Westemenstyr,  xiiij.d. 

Smnma  totalis,         ' 
foi.  62.  Item,  the  same  day  ffor  botehyre  to  London,  iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  ffor  a  quarte  wyne  at  mastyr  Hois,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  xviij.  day  off  Marche,  ffor  a  payre  patyns,  iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day,  ffor  a  payr  shone,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  daye  to  WyUyam  Femwale,  ffor  botehyre,  j.d. 

Item,  in  a  li.  candellys  the  same  day,  j.d.  ob. 

Item,  the  same  day  ffor  bromys  to  the  stable,  j.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  to  my  masterys  sadeler  ffor  to  bye  stoffe  ffor  my 
masterys  hameys,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  gaff  to  cordwenerys  man,  j.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  payd  to  the  dobletmaker  ffor  makynge  off  a  doblet  off 
blake  velvet  ffor  my  mastyr,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  my  masterys  taylor  ffor  makynge  off  a  tawny 
gown  ffor  my  mastyr,  iiij.s. 

Item,  the  xix.  day  off  Marche,  payd  to  Thomas  Thorpe  for  otys,  ij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  ffor  botehyre  to  Westemenstyr,  iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  ffor  a  bote  to  Lambythe,  j.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  ffor  a  bote  ffor  Kerry  off  Selers  to  Westmenstyr,   j.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  ffor  my  masterys  brekeffaste  at  Westemenstyr,     viij.d. 

Item,  ffor  youre  mennys  drynke  at  evyn,  ij.d. 

Item,  for  youre  mennys  drjmke  when  ye  dynyd  wyth  my  lady  off  Exeter,^ 

j.d.  ob. 

Item,  the  same  day  ffor  iiij.  off  your  mennys  dyner  at  Lambythe,      viij.d. 

Item,  ffor  a  bote  to  London,  the  same  day,  ij.d. 

Item,  ffor  my  soper  the  same  day,  at  the  Key  in  Sothewerke,  ij.d. 

'  Blank  in  MS        "  Wife  of  Henry  HoUand,  Duke  of  Exeter,  attainted  in  1461. 

K   K 


250 

j\.D.  1463-4.      Item,  gevyn  to  Hachet  the  same  day,  j.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Blakeman  ffor  a  payr  blake  hosyn  ffor  my 
mastyr  and  poyntys,  iiij.s.  ij.d. 

Item,  the  sam  day  to  Korbet  ffor  hys  denere  at  Westmenstyr,  ij.d. 

Item,  ffor  a  pot  wyn  at  my  lady  Ratclyfiys  place,  iiij.d. 

Item,  ffor  my  masterys  dyner  at  the  Kokke,  at  the  Frere  Awstyns'  gate, 

xx.d. 

Item,  the  xxj.  day  off  Marche,  payd  ffor  gyld^mge  off  the  harneys  of  my 
masterys  swyrd,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  gaf  to  Thomas  Hois  man,  ij.d. 

Summa  totahs,         ^ 
foi.  62.  b.  An."  r.  r.  E.  quarto. 

Item,  the  xxij.  day  of  Marche,  payd  for  a  scabard  to  my  masterys  swyrd, 

ij.s. 

Item,  the  same^  payd  for  shavynge  off  my  mastyr,  ij.d. 

Item,  in  drynke  when  my  mastyr  rode  to  mete  the  enbasetore,  ij.d. 

Item,  in  botehyre,  the  same  day,  to  Seynt  Mary  Offeryse,  j.d. 

Item,  to  my  mastyr  that  he  lost  at  pykynge  to  my  lord  Stafford,        iiij.d. 

Item,  fore  Korbettys  bed  in  Sothewerke,  j.d. 

Item,  the  xxiij.  day  off  Marche,  payd  John  Gylder  ffor  wagys,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Willyam  Fernwale,  ffor  a  bote  to  London,  j.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Lewes  yeman  off  the  Kynggys  chambre,  ffor 
botehyre  to  London,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Lew  ffor  halterys,  j.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Rechard  Waleys  for  hey,  ij.d. 

Item,  govyn  to  mastyr  Thomas  Wyndffeldys  men  when  they  rode  wyth 
you  to  mete  the  enbasetorje,  xij.d. 

Item,  payd  to  my  mastyr  when  he  dynyd  wyth  my  lord  Say,  xx.d. 

Item,  for  my  masterys  soper  in  Sothewerke,  the  same  ny3the,  xij.d. 

Item,  gevyn  to  Lewes  yeman  of  the  Kynggys  chambre,  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  a  potelle  wyn  the  same  ny3the,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Robart  Gierke  for  a  pryketakylle  for  my  mastyr, 
and  for  botehyre,  iij.d. 

■  Austin  Friars'  gate.  ^  Blank  in  MS.  '  day. 


251 

A.D.  H63-4.  Item,  the  same  day  fore  a  bote  to  Westemenstyr,  for  my  mastyr,  iij.d. 
Item,  the  same  day  for  a  bote  to  the  Blake  Frerys,'  for  my  mastyr,  iij.d. 
Item,  the  same  day  at  Westemenstyr  for  iiij.  meraiys  dyner,  ix.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  for  a  bote  to  London  for  my  mastyr,  iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  the  taylor  for  makenge,  lynynge,  and  scorynge 
of  my  masterys  blake  gown,  iij.s.  ix.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  flfbr  wyn,  ij.d. 

Item,  for  ale,  the  same  day,  in  Sothewerke,  j.d. 

Item,  the  xxiiij.  day  of  Marche,  payd  makenge  of  ij.  lettrys,  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  cord  to  hange  wyth  a  bed,  the  same  day,  v.d. 

Item,  for  a  pot  wyn  at  mastyr  Hoys,  j.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  for  ij.  payre  patynys,  yj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  for  iiij.  mennys  dyner  at  Westmenstyr,  viij.d. 

Item,  for  a  bote  to  Westemenstyr  fro  my  lord  of  Norwychys  place,       j.d. 

Summa  totalis,         ^ 

foi.  63.  Item,  the  sam  day  for  a  tylt  bote  to  London,  for  my  mastyr,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  for  a  quarte  of  muskadelle,  at  mastyr  Hoys,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  WiUyam  Femwale,  for  a  bote  to  Westemenstyr,  j.d. 

Item,  the  xxv.  day  of  Marche,  for  a  bote  for  ray  mastyr  to  Westemenstyr, 

iij.d. 
Item,  the  sayd  day  for  ^  of  your  mennys  dyner  at  Westemenstyr, 

xij.d. 
Item,  payd  for  v.  mennys  soper  in  Sothewerke,  xiij.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  for  a  bote  to  London,  for  my  mastyr,  iij.d. 

Item,  the  xxvj.  day  of  Marche,  gaff  to  Dyrykkys  men,  ij.d. 

Item,  for  a  bote  for  my  mastyr  to  London,  iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  at  dynere  at  Westemenstyr  at  the  taveme  of  the 
Sonne,  when  my  mastyr  dynyd  wyth  mastyr  Stanley,  ij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  gaff  to  Roger  Pye,  yeman  of  the  Kynggys  horse, 

XTJ.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  ^vj-n  at  the  Mermayd  in  Bredstret,  for  my 
mastyr  and  Syre  Nycholas  Latemer,  x.d.  ob. 

'  Black  Friars.  •  Blanks  in  MS. 


252 

A.  B.  1464.       Item,  the  same  day  ffor  wrytynge  of  endentorys  betwyx  my  mastyr  and 
the  sayd  Syre  Nycholas,'  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  for  a  pyke  to  the  chambrelayn  oiF  London,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  a  pyke  and  an  ele  that  my  mastyr  owt  the 
pykemonger  before,  xx.d. 

Item,  iFor  makynge  off  a  sperner  off  sarsynet,  v.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  for  x.  jerdys  off  blew  bokeram,  prise  the  3erd  vj.d., 

summa,  v.s. 

Item,  for  viij.  unc.  and  di.  off  frenge  off  sylke,  viij.s.  ix.d. 

Item,  for  lyne  to  the  same  bed,  vj.d. 

Item,  for  an  elne  of  canvas,  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  to  Willyam  Freman  for  makynge  off  the  same  bed,  xix.s.  vij.d. 

Item,  payd  for  a  bote  to  London,  the  xxvij.  day  off  Marche,  iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  John  Hanger  ffor  hay,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  my  masterys  cordwaner  for  a  payre  botys, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  the  sayd  cordwaner  ffor  iij.  payre  schone  to  my  mastyr,  ij.s. 

Item,  the  sayd  day /ffor  a  bote  to  Westemenstyr  for  my  mastyr,  iij.d. 

Item,  for  yj.  of  your  mennys  dynere  at  Westmenstyr,  the  sayd  day, 

xiiij.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  to  John  Gylder  for  a  bote  to  London,  j.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  payd  that  my  mastyr  lost  at  tenyse  to  Syre  Robart 
Chamberley,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  payd  for  a  tylt  bote  to  London,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  to  Robart  Koke,  for  a  bote  to  London,  and  ageyn  to 

Westemenstyr,  ij.d. 

foi.  63.  b.         Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  to  Robart  Koke  for  his  soper  in  Sothewerke,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  gaff  to  John  Delyon,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  payd  ffor  a  blakke  bonet  for  my  mastyr,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  xxviij.  day  of  Marche,  payd  for  shavynge  of  my  mastyr,        ij.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  payd  to  Blakeman  hosyer  for  a  payr  hosyn  ffor  my 
mastyr,  iiij.s.  ij.d. 

1  There  were  some  money  transactions  between  them.    See  pp.  176-7,  ante. 


253 

=^.  D.  1464.        Item,  the  sayd  day  payd  to  Willyam  Femwale  for  a  bote  to  Westemynstre, 

j.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  payd  ffor  a  quarte  wyn,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  payd  to  the  clerke  of  the  Counter,  to  wythdraw  the 
playnt  for  Thomas  Clere,  xiij.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  for  ij.  quartys  tyre,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  for  a  bowe  for  Rechard  Clowthe,  bowt  at  London 
Brygge,  ij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  payd  to  the  goldsmythe  that  made  the  bokelys,  pendawntes,  and 
barrys  to  my  masterys  salat  and  his  byecoket,  x.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day,  payd  for  a  pyke  and  an  ele,  xviij.d. 

Item,  in  exspencys  at  the  Hert  in  Smythfeld,  the  same   day,  for  my 
mastyr,  xvij.d. 

Item,  payd  to  John  Tomson  the  same  day,  vij.d. 

Item,  for  wyne  in  Sothewerke,  the  same  day,  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day,  payd  for  horsebred,  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  gaf  to  the  smythis  man  to  drynke,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  ryband  and  poyntys,  A-ij.d. 

fol.  64.  Item,  for  ij.  ellys  of  canvas,  vij-d. 

Item,  for  washynge  off  my  masterys  shyrte,  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  iiij.  endentorys  wrytynge,  ij-d. 

Item,  the  same  day  m.  Thomas  and  m.  Nycolas  soper  at  Pye,  v.d. 

Item,  for  horsemet  for  vij.  horse  at  the  Tabore  in  Greychyrchestret,'  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  tyme  payd  for  a  U.  candyllys,  j-d.  ob. 

Item,  the  xxix.  day  of  Marche,  payd  for  [my  masterys  costys]  caryage  to 
the  career' of  Srewysbery,  viij.s. 

Item,  payd  for  Lewes  John  yeman  of  the  Kynggj^s,  to  Brykelys  man  of 
the  Comityr,  the  same  day,  xxuj.s.  mj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Rechard  Waleys  for  wagys,  yj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  to  Thomas  Hertfordys  man,  for  mendynge  of  the  bedd  the  same  day, 

xvj.d. 

Item,  payd  to  John  Ordynge  koke,  for  costys  the  same  day,  xxix.s. 

'  Gracechiirch-street.  "  earner. 


254 

A.D.  1463-4.       Item,  for  ij.  whyte  bonettys  for  m.  Thomas  and  m.  Nycholas,  the  sam 
day,  '  xvj.d. 

Item,  payd  for  otys,  the  same  day,  iij.s. 

Item,  payd  fore  hey  and  lyter,  the  same  day,  vij.s. 

Summa  totalis,         ' 
xxix".  die  Mareii,  an",  r.  r.  E.  quarti  quarto. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Nychollas  Gervyse  ffor  vj.  horse 
stondynge  in  Seynt  Johnes  Stret,  xix.  dayis  and  xix.  ny3thtes,         ix.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  payd  the  same  day  for  provendre  to  the  same  horsse,  xvij.s. 

Item,  payed  the  same  day  ffor  straw  to  the  sayd  horsses,  xix.d. 

Item,  ffor  ther  bordys  that  kepte  the  horsse,  the  same  day,  vj.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  to  the  sayd  Nychollas  ffor  shoynge,  the  same  day, 

ij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day,  my  mastyr  payd  to  Martyh  Goldsmythe,  for  bolyons 
.       gyldynge,  ij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Derykke  Armorer  for  makynge 
clene  off  a  byecoket  off  my  sayd  masterys,  and  a  bylle,  ij.s. 

Item,  payd  to  Jamys  Hobert  ffor  almes,  the  same  day,  iij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  payd  to  the  taberet  the  same  day,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  John  Smythe  sadeler  for  ij.  sadelys,     xxiiij.s. 

Item,  payd  the  browderer  the  same  day,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Robart  Wylson  in  party  off  pay- 
ment of  a  doblet  for  Rychard  Clowthe,  a  doblet  for  Robart  Doun,  a  doblet 
and  a  payr  hosyn  ffor  the  taberet,  and  a  payr  hosyn  for  Rychard  Clowthe, 

x.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Rechard  Neyler  ffor  clothe,  xxix.s.  vij.d. 

And  so  he  is  alle  fuUy  content. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Hew  Wylkes  baker,  for  bred  and 
brenne,  vj.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Willyam  Fernwale,  for  wagys,  ij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  the  smyth  in  Stanstret  for  shoyng 
ofxx.  shois,  ij.s.  vj.d. 

'  Blank  in  MS. 


2.=;.-) 


A.  D.  1464.        Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  the  sayd  smythe  ffor  xxviij.**  remenes,  xiiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Thorston  on  hys  wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  John  Dsvj  on  his  wagys,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyrtoke  John  Gyldyr  on  hys  wagys,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  a  woman  ffor  costys  at         '  ij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  beddys  to  the  goodman  oflF  the  Cardenallys 
"*'j  xx.d. 

M."*  my  mastyr  owyth  Rechard  Rose  ffor  ix.  kylderkynys  of  peny  ale. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  John  Myllys  ifor  horse  bred,  x.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Robart  CreweUys  fiFor  a  payr  shon 
and  a  payr  botuwys  ffor  Thorppe,  xv.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Robart  Gierke  ffor  wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  Thomas  Gare  ffor  wagys  the  same  day,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  Robart  Koke  the  same  day  for  wagys,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Frenshe  sporyer,  xx.d. 

And  he  hath  a  payr  gylt  sporres  to  kepe  of  my  masterys. 

Item,  the  same  day  mastyr  payd  to  hys  cordwaner  in  Sothewerke  ffor 
vawnpayinge  of  his  botys,  viij.d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  shon  for  Rechard  Waleys,  and  a  payr  for  Rechard 
Clowthe,  xiiij.d. 

Item,  for  a  payre  for  Jake  of  the  Stable,  vj.d. 

<■<>'•  6-»'  ^-  Summa  totahs,         ' 

xxix."  die  mensis  Marcii,  anno  ut  supra. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  rekenyd  wyth  Willyam  Kovelle  his  taylour, 
and  my  mastyr  alowyd  hym  ffor  the  makynge  off  his  damaske  gonn, 
iij.s.  iiij.d, ;  and  for  lynynge  to  the  same  gown,  ij.s.  iiij.d. ;  Item,  ffor  the 
makynge  off  my  masterys  longe  russett  gowne,  xx.d. ;  and  for  iij.  3erdys  off 
lynynge  to  the  body,  xxj.d. ;  and  for  the  lynynge  of  the  slevys,  vij.s. ;  and 
for  the  makynge  of  my  masterys  grene  gown,  xx.d. ;  and  for  the  lynynge  to 
the  same  gown,  ij.s.  iiij.d. 

Wherof  my  mastyr  payd  hym  the  same  day  above  wretyn,         xiij.s.  iiij.d. 
Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Thomas  Clere,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  assyngnyd  hym  to  resseyve  off  on  of  his  fermours,     ij.s. 

'  Blanks  in  MS. 


256 

A.  D.  1464.  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  bowte  of  '  wyche  is  one  of  the 
secutors  of  Symkyn  Eyre,  a  bed  of  red  satyn  keuerynge,  and  alle  conteyn- 
ynge  j.  c.  3erdys  wele  enbrowderyd;  and  a  payr  of  basyns  of  sylver  and 
gylt ;  and  ij.  stondyng  copis  off  sylver  and  gylt ;  ffor  xlvj.li. 

The  wych  summa  my  mastyr  payd  hym  the  same  day  be  the  handys  of 
Dryland. 

Item,  whan  my  mastyr  cam  last  to  London  he  owt  dame  Agnes  Fray, 

xj.^^'h. 
and  there  off  my  mastyr  payd  her  be  the  hand  off  Dryland,  vj.'^li. 

And  so  my  mastyr  owyth  her  but  a  c.  li. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  John  Smythe  the  sadeler  man,  ffor 
a  new  bytte  to  a  brydyU,  xij.d. 

Item,  to  Willyam  Fernwale  ffor  botehyre  to  Westemenstyr  the  same  day, 

j.d. 

Item,  for  hys  dyner  when  he  ffet  m.  Thomas  and  m.  Nychollas  owt  of 

Smytheffeld,  ij.d. 

Item,  to  Thomas  Thorpe  the  same  day  ffor  a  payr  botys,  xij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  sayd  day  ffor  my  masterys  costys  at  Rumfford, 

iij.s.  iij.d.  ob. 
Item,  for  ij.  payr  glovys  ffor  m.  Thomas  and  m.  NychoUas,  iij.d. 

Item,  at  Chemsford  the  xxx.  day  off  Marche,  to  a  ffrere,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  sayd  day  ffor  my  masterys  costys  at  the  same  town,       ij.s.  iij.d. 
Item,  the  same  day  ffor  beytynge  at  Esterfford,  xv.d. 

Item,  the  fferste  day  off  Aprylle,  my  mastyr  offyrd  att  the  crosse  on  Estyr 

^^Y'  xx.d. 

Item,  to  Thomas  Purcer  for  wagys,  the  same  day,  payd  be  Seynclow,  xx.d. 

Item,  to  my  mastyr  the  same  day,  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  spent  ffor  his  costys  at  Colchestre  the  v.  day  off  Aprylle, 
and  the  vj.  day  off  Aprylle,  at  the  Swan  and  at  the  Bulle,         vj.s.  iiij.d.  ob. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Thomas  Cowper  servant  wyth  Presse  of  London,  the 
same  day,  x^.  j_ 

Item,  gevyn  to  the  wey  makynge"  besyde  Neylond,  the  same  day,      iiij.d. 

Item,  ffor  shoynge  off  Gylderys  horsse,  iiij.d. 

'  Blank  in  MS.  2  road  making. 


257 

A.D.  14G4.        Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Thomas  Barker,     vj.s.  viij.d. 
Item,  gevyn  to  John  Koke  on  Estyr  day,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Summa  totalis,         ' 
foi.  65.  Item,  payd  to  the  caryers  off  Hadley  ffor  caryinge  off  my  masterys  gere 

firo  London,  the  vj.  day  of  Aprylle,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  vij.  day  off  Aprylle,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  WiUyam  Femwale, 

vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Thomas  Thorppe  ffor  m. 

Thomas  and  m.  NychoUas  costys  to  London,  xxiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Kerry  off  Selers  ffor  wagys,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  in  exspencys  at  brekynge  off  How  pond,^  xx.d. 

Item,  ,the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  Jamys  Hobard  a  longe  blakke  gown 

off  Puke,  the  wych  coste  my  mastyr,  xhj.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Fern  wale  ffor  to  bye  ij.  purees  ffor 

m.  Thomas  and  m.  NychoUas,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  viij.  day  off  Aprylle,  my  mastyr  payd  to  the  bayle  off  Herwyche 

that  he  axkyd  ffor  caryage  of  a  last  herynge  to  Manytre,  iiij.s. 

Item,  ffor  his  costys  in  the  same  caryage,  ij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Robart  Koke  for  his  costys  to  Jamys  Hoberd, 

xiij.s.  iiij.d. 
Item,  the  is.  day  off  Aprylle,  my  mastyr  toke  Thomas  Barkere,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 
Item,  payd  the  same  day  to  John  Koke  ffor  howsold,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  xiiij.  day  of  Aprylle,  my  mastyr  toke  John  Koke  for  howsold, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 
Item,  the  xv.  day  of  Aprylle,  payd  to  Thorppe  for  his  costys  to  London, 

viij.s. 
Item,  the  same  day  to  Corbet  that  he  layd  down,  ix.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Syr  John  Dew  ffor  wagys,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Thorston  for  wagys,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Straunge  of  his  mony, 

vj.s.  viij.d. 
Item,  the  xviij.  day  off  Aprylle,  my  mastyr  gaff  to  Thomas  of  Chambre 
and  to  John  Hobson,  viij.d, 

1  Blank  in  MS.  '  a  fish  pond. 

L  L 


258 

A  D.  I4C4.        Ite,m,  the  same' day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  Rechard  Snapis  and  Wytbye,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  the  Hokkepot  at  Stoke,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gafe  to  iij.  menstfalys  of  my  lord  of  Suf- 
folke,  iij-s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  in  Hokkynge '  att  Sudbury,  xvj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  off  Aprylle  my  mastyr  payd  to  Thorston  ffor  wagys, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Thomas  Barker,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

And  he  hath  reseyvid  in  all  of  my  mastyr,  xxvj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Corbet  for  caryinge  of  bryke  firo 
his  ffaderis  place,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  John  Roose  ffor  hys  wagys,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  xxj.  day  of  Aprylle,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  my  lady,   vj.s.  viij.d. 

And  therof  my  lady  toke  John  Kdoke,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  xxj.  day  of  Aprylle,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Reynold  ffor  his  costys 
to  ryde  to  Wynche,,  ij.s. 

Summa  totalis,         ^ 
foi.  65.  b.  And  the  xwj.  day  of  Aperel  I  toke  to  Hery  of  Seler  to  ryde  to  mastres  Terel, 

xij.d. 
Wages.]  And  the  same  day  I  toke  to  my  wyffe  to  take  Roberd  Klerkefor 
wages,  ij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  on  Seynt  Georgys  evyn  my  mastyr  gaf  to  vj.  menstralys  off  my 
lord  of  Warwykes,  >  ,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Thurston,  for  his  costys  to  Colchestre  and  so 
forth  to  Manytre,  -vdij.d. 

And  the  same  day  gaff  to  a  man  of  Wyttam,  iiij.d. 

Item,  on  Seynt  Markys  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Robart  Vyrnam  that  he 
leyd  down,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Corbet  for  wagys,  xvij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Herry  of  Selers,  ffor  hys  costys  to 
London,  ij.s. 

Item,  to  bye  an  h att  for  my  mastyr,  xx.d. 

Item,  for  ij.  botellys,  iij.s. 

■  See  Brand's  Popular  Antiquities,  by  Ellis,  4to.  1813.,  ii.  156.      ^  Blank  in  MS. 


259 

A.D.  1464,         Item,  the  xxvij.  day  of  Aprylle,  my  mastyr  payd  John  Koke  for  the 
howsold,  iij.s. 

Item,  the  xxviij.  day  of  Aprylle,  my  mastyr  toke  John  Koke  ffor  the 
howsold,  iij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  gaff  to  the  Kyngys  trompetys,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastjr  gaff  to  his  audytor,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  hys  chylde,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  Thomas  Barker,  be  Sejnclow, 

■vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  a  man  of  Why3thffete,  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Corbet  for  caryage  of  brj'ke  from 
hys  faderis  place,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Reynold  for  wagys,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  John  Mershe  of  kechyn  for  wagys,  ij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  the  masonys  for  makynge  of  a 
chymny,  in  parte  of  payment,  ij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  a  dycher,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  xxix.  day  off  Aprylle,  my  mastyr  gaff  to  my  lord  of  Norffolkes 
trumpetys,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  a  messangyr  of  the  Kyngys,     xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  papyr,  ij.d. 

Summa  totalis,         ' 
fol.  66.  Item,  the  ferst  day  of  May,  my  mastyr  toke  to  John  Delyon,  viij.d. 

Item,  in  the  monyth  of  Aprylle,  payd  at  Colchestre,  be   the  handys  of 
Braham,  for  a  payr  hosyn  for  m.  Ysbelle,-  ix.d. 

Item,  the  same  tyme  for  Synclow  costys  to  Bury,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  tyme  to  Rechard  Clowthe  for  wagys,  i-iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  tyme  for  Braham  and  Reynoldys  costys  at  Norwyche,  and 
to  Wynche,  and  home  a  geyn,  iij.s.  iiij.d.  ob. 

Item,  the   same  tyme  payd  to   a  harbour  of  Colchestre  for  dytynge   of 
Robert  Clerke  and  Rechard  Clowthe,  xij.d. 

Item,  for  a  knj'ffe  for  m.  DanyeUe,  j.d. 

'  Blank  in  MS.  =  Sir  John's  second  daughter. 


260 

A.  D.  1464.        Item,  to  the  clerke  of  Stoke  the  same  tyme,  j.d. 

Item,  the  xxiij.  day  of  Aprylle,  to  John  Davy  for  wagys,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  ij.  day  of  May,  payd  for  my  masteris  costys  at  Gypswyche,  be 
the  handys  of  Braham,  v.s.  iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Brokkefforde,        ij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  iij.'^''  day  of  May,  payd  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Eye,       xvij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  for  costys  at  Wyndffeld,  xviij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaflF  to  RafFes  man,  Blandyrhaset,'  ffor 
tydynggys,  •  xij.d. 

Item,  payd  for  costys  at  Oxon.  the  same  tyme,  ij.s.  ix.d. 

Item,  gaiF  to  a  man  to  ryde  on  my  masterys  arend  fro  Oxon.,  yj.d. 

Item,  the  iiij.  day  of  May,  payd  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Nedam,^  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  gaff  to  Stanley  resseyvor  wyth  my  lady  off  Suffolke,  the 
same  tyme,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  v.  day  of  May,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Thomas  Moleyns  to 
bye  fyshe  at  Manytre,  xl.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  Lewes  of  the  Kynggys  howse, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  John  Gyldre  for  ij.  bokys,  a 
Frenshe  boke,  and  a  Yenglyshe  boke  calyd  Dives  et  Pauper,'  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  the  same  day  I  dede  reken  wethe  Welyem  Boteler  harmorer  of  Hepes- 
wesche,  and  be  is  seyhenge  he  hathe  bene  here  sene  Hester  sex.  dayes,  and  is 
mane  xij.  dayes,  and  fore  thes  I  take  heme,  vj.s. 

And  I  -^afe  heme  the  same  tyme,  iiij.d. 

And  so  he  is  al  kontente. 

foi.  66.  b.     Schelon.}     And  I  delyverd  to  Schelon  the  v.  day  of  May,  v.s. 

'  Blennerhasset.  '  Needham,  Co.  Suffolk. 

'  Written  by  Henry  Parker,  a  Carmelite  of  Doncaster  ^  it  is  the  first  book  printed  by 
Pynsou,  with  a  date :  "  Here  endith  a  compendiouse  treetise  dyalogue.  of  Dives  and 
Pauper,  that  is  to  say.  the  riche  and  the  pore  fructuously  tretyng  upon  the  x.  com- 
maundmentes,  fynisshed  the  v.  day  of  Juyl.  the  yere  of  oure  lord  god.  m.cccc.lxxxxiij. 
Emprentyd  by  me  Richarde  Pynson  at  the  temple  barre.  of  London."  This  curious 
work  was  reprinted  by  Wynkyn  de  Worde,  in  1496 ;  it  is  almost  needless  to  observe  that 
Sir  John's  purchase  must  have  been  a  MS. 


261 

A.D.  1464.        And  he  hathe  ad  before  of  Tomas  Molense  at  vj^.  viij.d. 

And  so  he  hathe  ad  in  al,  xj.s.  viij.d. 
Dyscher.y     Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payed  to  John  Wodeman  the 
dycher,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  so  he  hathe  ad  of  me  in  al,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Rechard  Clowthe  for  wagys, 

XX.  d. 

Item,  the  vj.  day  of  May,  my  mastyr  payd  to  Herry  Selers  on  his  wagys, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  the  cordwaner  oif  Colchestre,  one  of  Jamys 
men,  for  a  payr  shone  for  mastres  Ysbelle,  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  of  shone  for  m.  Margett,'  iij.d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  shone  for  m.  Anne,  iij-d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  shone  for  Margett  Notbera,  iij.d. 

Item,  the  vij.  day  of  May,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Wylbettys  wyffe,  for 
his  wagys,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Reynold  Murgon  on  his 
wagys,  XX. d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Syr  John  Dew  on  hys  wagys, 

vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  Robart  Koke  for  wagys,  v.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Crystemasse  Hobord  that  made 
the  chymny  be  the  new  stable,  for  hys  here  and  aUe  hys  men,     xvij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  he  recey  vid  of  my  mastyr  before  at  dyverce  tymys,  viij.s.  viij.d. 

And  so  my  mastyr  hath  aUe  content  hym  and  hys  men  for  makynge  of 
the  sayd  chymny. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Thomas  Barker,  xl.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastjr  payd  to  Thomas  Copdoke  and  John 
Copdoke  hys  brodyr,  in  party  of  payment  off  th  jyr  bargeyn ;  as  it  peryth  be 
the  endentorys,  ^-  ™arc.  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Moleyns  that  he  toke  to  Rechard  Clowthe  on 
his  wagys,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastjT  toke  Rose  on  her  wagys,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

'  lAIarsaret,  fourth  daughter  of  Sir  John  Howard. 


262 

A.  D.  1464.         Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  settynge  ynne  off  Willyam  Fullerys  arme, 

ij.s.  ij.d. 
Summa  totalis,         ^ 

Item,  the  same  day  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Colchestre,  xviij.d. 

foi.  67.  Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  ij.  yerdys  of  clothe  for  a  payr  of  hosyn  for 

Jakke  of  stable  and  a  payr  for  Lew,  ij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  for  lynynge  to  the  same  hosyn,  vj-d. 

Item,  the  sam  day  payd  for  a  shyrt  for  the  sayd  Jakke,  ix.d. 

Item,  the  viij.  day  of  May,  delyveryd  to  Rechard  Clowthe  in  whyte  shepis 
scynnis  for  a  jakett,  the  prise,  ix.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Corbet  for  wagys,  v.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  John  Tomson  for  wagys, 

vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  deljrveryd  Janyn  ffor  wagys,        iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Thomas  Clere  for  wagys, 

iiij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Thomas  Chambre,  vj.s. 

My  lady}     Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Thorston  for  a  payr  hosyn  for 
Seynclow,  xviij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  the  sayd  Thurston  for  lynnen  clothe,        vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  hym  for  old  dett,  vj.d. 

And  this  is  of  the  mony  that  my  mastyr  toke  my  lady. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Jamys  of  Colchestre,  for  vawn- 
peyinge  of  a  payr  botys  for  hym  selffe,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  for  a  payr  botys  for  Jakke  of  stable,  xx.d. 

Item,-  for  a  payr  botys  for  Lew,  ij.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  gaff  hym  to  drynke,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Rechard  Clowthe  for  wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  John  Despayne,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  the  sadeler  of  Colchestre,  for 
iiij.  brydelys  and  ij.  sadelys,  and  mendynge  of  odre  gere,  xv.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  John  Kooke  for  howsold,  x.s. 

•  Blank  iu  MS. 


263 

A.  D.  14C4.        Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Cache,  for  ij.  payr  hosyn  makynge 
for  the  chyldre  of  stable,  and  poyntys,  x.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  the  gonner,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  Wyllyam  Smyth  the  same  day  for  wagyS,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Wadselle,  for  mendynge  of  gere,  xij.d. 

Item,  gevyn  to  John  Brown  the  same  day,  ,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr   delyveryd  to  Rechard  Waleys  a  payr 
botys,  the  pryse  of  them  is,  ij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Lanam,'   in  horsemet  and 
mannys  mete,  vj.s.  sj.d. 

Item,  gevyn  to  a  man  to  ryde  to  Stoke,  firo  the  sayd  town,  ^-j.d. 

Item,  gevyn  to  a  deser'  at  the  same  towne,  ij.d. 

Summa  totalis,         ^ 
foi.  67.  b.         Item,  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Bury,  the  ix.  day  of  May,  in  horse  mete 
and  mannys  mete,  iij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Newmarkett,  at  hys 
dyner,  vj.s. 

Itenj,  payd  at  the  sayd  towne  for  a  payr  glovj's  for  my  mastyr,  ij.d. 

Item,  for  mendynge  of  John  Deylon  jakett,  ij.d. 

Item,  gevyn  to  a  harpour  at  the  sayd  towne,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  Robart  Bymawnt  at  Bury,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  to  Herry  Selers  for  his  costys  to  Stoke  fro  Bury,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  papyr,  ob. 

Item,  the  same  day  delyveryd  to  Robart  Kooke   to  ryde  to  Leyseter  a 
ffore  for  logynge,  xvj.d. 

Item,  the  x.  day  of  May,  payd  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Cambrege,  in 
horsemete  and  mannys  mete,  xij.s.  ix.d.  ob. 

Item,  the  xj.  day  of  May,  for  my  masterj's  costys  at  Huntyngton,  in 
horsemete  and  mannysmete,  '^-s-  viij.d.  ob. 

Item,  for  a  payr  steropys  for  my  mastyr  at  the  sayd  towne,  xxiij.d. 

Item,  for  makynge  thongys  for  the  new  barneys,  x\'iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  delyveryd  to  Nycholas  Wenynghale  ffor  to  bye  wyth 
a  horsse,  xij.s. 

'  Langham,  Co.  Essex  i  "  Blank  in  MS. 


264 

A.  D.  1464.        Itenij  for  lynynge  of  a  payr  steropys  and  a  croper,  vj.d. 

Item,  for  a  hedstalle  for  the  taberet,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  daypaydformy  masterys  costys  at  Thropston,'  iiij.s.  ix.d. 
Item,  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Herborghe,^  the  xij.  day  of  May, 

v.s.  x.d.  ob. 

Item,  for  beytynge  at  Hayson,^  the  same  day,  x.d. 

Item,  payd  to  Braham  the  same  day,  for  lynynge  for  Thorpys  jaket  and 

Jakkys  of  the  stable,  xij.d. 

Item,  to  Braham  the  same  day,  for  certayn  costys  payd  be  hym, 

ij.s.  ix.d.  ob. 
Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  John  Dairy  of  stable  for  wagys,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  for  a  payr  shon  for  Jake  of  stable,  vj.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  spent  in  odre  thyngys  the  same  day,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  fFor  my  mastyrys  costys  at  Leysetre,  in  manys  mete, 

xvij.d. 
Item,  the  xiij.  day  of  May,  to  Thomas  Clere  at  Leysetre  for  wagys, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 
Item,  the  same  day  to  Reynold  Morgon  for  wagys,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Rechard  Clowthe  on  his  wagys,  Adij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Rechard  Waleys  for  wagys,  viij.d. 

Summa  totaUs,         * 

foi.  68.  Item,  payd  the  same  day  for  a  payr  shone  for  Lewe,      '  vij.d. 

Item,  payd  the  same  day  for  a  bonet  for  Jakke  of  the  stable,  v.d. 

Item,  the  sam  day  to  Thomas  Thorppe  for  a  payr  hosyn,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  sam  day  to  WiUyam  Fernwale,  to  ryde  fro  Leysetre  to  Notyng- 

ham,  viij.d. 

Item,  for  my  masteris  costys  at  Leyceter  fro  this  day  into  the  xiiij.  day 

of  May,  in  horsemete  and  mannys  mete,  xix.s.  v.d. 

Item,  payd  the  same  xiiij.  day  for  a  bokyUe  for  a  salat,  ij.d, 

Item,  payd  the  same  day  for  a  hownse  for  John  Delyonys  sadylle,  and 

for  a  croper,  a  peystrelle,  and  brode  reynys,  iij.s.  j.d, 


Thrapston,  Co.  Nbrthampton.  2  Market  Harborough,  Co.  Leicester. 

'  Hareston,  Co.  Leicester?  *  Blank  in  MS. 


265 

A.  D.  1464.        Item,  the  xv.  day  of  May,  delyveryd  to  Thomas  Clere  for  mendynge  of 
his  bregonderys  at  Notyngham,  iij.d. 

Item,, the  sayd  day  to  Corbett  for  costys  for  the  cowseris'  to  Notyngham, 

Tj.d. 
Item,  for  my  masteris  costys  at  Notyngham,  the  same  day,  xj.s.  iiij.d.  ob. 
Item,  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Worsoppe,  the  xvj.  day  of  May,  v.s.  ob. 
Item,  the  xyj.  day  of  May,  delyveryd  Syre  John  Dew  for  wagys, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 
Item,  in  drynke  be  the  way,  the  same  day,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Femwale  for  his  costys  to  Yorke,  for  to  ryde  afore 
to  take  uppe  logynge,  ij.s. 

Item,  the  xvij.  and  the  xviij.  day  of  May,  ffor  my  masteris  costys  at 
Tykelle,  in  horsemet  and  manys,  xij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  xviij.  day  of  May,  for  my  masteris  costys  at  Notyngham, 

viij.s.  v.d.  ob. 
Item,  for  my  masteris  costys  at  TykyUe,  the  xtx.  day  of  May,  and  the  xx. 
day  of  May,  in  horsemet  and  mannysmete,  x.s.  x.d.  ob. 

Item,  the  xxj.  day  of  May,  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Doncastre,        xij.d. 
Item,  the  same  day  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Pownffrett,  iiij.s.  ^'ij.d. 

Item,  the  xxij.  day  of  May,  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Tadcastre,  ij.s.  v.d. 
Item,  the  same  day  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Yorke,  xiij.d.  ob. 

Item,  the  xxiij.  day  of  May,  delyveryd  to  John  Koke,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  xxiiij.  day  of  May,  for  letere,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  a  galon  wyne,  viij.d. 

Item,  for  wafferys  the  same  tyme,  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Syr  Gylberd  Debenham  man,  vj.s.  \'iij.d. 

Item,  for  my  masterys  costys  at  the  taveme,  the  xxv.  day  of  May,       x.d. 
Item,  the  same  day  to  John  Koke,  for  vetayle,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Robart  Gierke  for  wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  to  Thorpe  the  same  day,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Summa  totahs,         ^ 
fol.  68.  b.         Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  a  bowe  for  Rechard  Clowthe,  and  a  nothjT 
for  Thomas  of  Chawmbre,  v.s.  viij.d. 

'  coursers.  -  Blank  in  ^l.S. 

M   M 


266 

A. D.  1464.        Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  a  lode  heye,  v.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  a  quarter  otys,  xviij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  leter,  iij.d.  ob. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  John  Gylder  for  hys  costys  at  Tadcastre,  whan 
he  bode  beh3mde  wyth  my  masterys  barneys,  x.d.  ob. 

Item,  at  Yorke  for  a  li.  candelle,  j.d.  ob. 

Item,  the  xxvij.  day  of  May,  delyveryd  to  Mechegod  to  plege  owt'  Brokys 
salatt,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  shaffitys  for  my  mastyr,  xvj.d. 

Item,  for  vj,  shafiibys  for  Syr  John  Dew,  the  same  day,  xij.d. 

Item,  for  ij.  shaffitys  for  Thomas  of  Chawmbre,  iij.d. 

Item,  for  iiij.  shaffitys  for  Rechard  Clowthe,  the  same  day,  vj.d. 

Item,  for  federynge  of  my  masterys  shaffitys,  ij.d. 

Item,  geven  to  the  fflecher,  the  same  tyme,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  xxviij.  day  of  May,  delyveryd  to  John  Kooke  for  vetayle, 

vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  leter,  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  for  mendynge  of  my  masterys  bowys,  ij.s. 

Item,  payd  for  a  shyrte  for  John  Delyon  the  same  day,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  xxix.  day  of  May,  payd  to  John  Davy  for  wagys,  xij.d. 

Item,  to  a  barbor  the  same  day,  ij.d. 

Item,  for  ij.  quartere  otys  the  same  day,  iij.s. 

Item,  for  a  lode  hey  the  same  day,  iiij.s. 

Item,  the  xxx.  day  of  May,  delyveryd  to  Corbet  for  wagys,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  mendynge  of  the  tronke  sadylle,  x.d. 

Item,  for  mendynge  of  Rechard  Waleys  sadylle,  v.d. 

Item,  for  mendynge  of  the  stele  sadylle,  j.d. 

Item,  for  washynge  of  iiij.  shyrtes,  the  same  day,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  John  Kooke  for  vetayle,  xv.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Malpas  for  a  bowe  for  Thomas  of  Chambre, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  payd  at  Yorke  for  brede,  fro  the  xxij.  day  of  May  into  the  xxx.  day 
of  May  before  rehersyd,  iij.s.  j.d, 

'  to  take  out  of  pledge. 


267 

A.D.  I4ft4.         Item,  for  ale,  conteynynge  the  same  tyme,  ix.s.  iij.d.  ob. 

Item,  for  candelle,  j.d.  ob. 

Item,  in  horsemete  at  the  ynne,  xij.s.  v.d. 

Summa  totalis,         ' 

fol.  69.          Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  horsebred  at  the  bakere,  viij.s.  rj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  shoyinge,  ij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  for  a  bed  for  them  of  the  stable,  vj.d. 

Item,  for  beddes  whan  they  came  to  Yorke,  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  Nycholas  Weryngehalle  and  Herry  Selers  bedde,  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  a  bedde  for  Gylder  and  Thomas  of  Chambre,  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  mendynge  of  my  masterys  clokys  at  Yorke,  x.d. 

Item,  for  a  bowcas,^  viij.d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  sporys  for  Jake  of  stable,  viij.d. 

'              Item,  to  Robart  Koke  the  xxx.  day  of  May  for  wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Thomas  Moreys  for  wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the   same   day  my  mastyr  lent  to  Willyam  Johnson   at  Yorke, 

servant  wyth  Syre  Willyam  Pyrton,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Reynold  Morgan,  for  wagys,  viij.d. 

Item,  gevyn  to  the  wedew  ther  my  mastyr  lay,  iiij.s. 

Item,  to  her  maydenys,  xx.d. 

Item,  to  Robart  Koke  to  tarye  behynd  wyth  the  couser,  atTadcastre,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  tyme  gevyn  to  the  Kynggys  herberorys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  lent  to  Spenne  at  Yorke,  ij.s. 

Item,  to  John  Koke  for  eggys,  the  same  day,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  xxxj.  day  of  May,  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Shyrbome*  in 

horsmet  and  mannys,  ^-s-  iiij.d.  ob. 

Item,  the  same  day  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Wentbrygge,*  vj.s.  j.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  Syre  John  Dew  for  wagys,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  in  offerynge  the  same  day,  iiij.d. 

Item,  in  ale  spent  a  shotynge,  luj.d. 

Item,  in  mony  lost  at  prykkys,  the  same  day,  vj.d. 

'  Blank  in  MS.  "  bow-case.  ^  Sherburn,  Co.  York  ;  W.  R. 

*  Wentbridge,  Co.  York 


268 

A.  D.  1464.       Item,  the  ferstday  of  June,  for  mymasterys  costys  at  Tykylle,  in  horsemet 
and  mannys  mete,  ix.s.  ix.d.  ob. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Corbet  for  wagys,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  John  Gylder  for  wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  in  beytynge  at  Oxford,  ij.s.  vij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Newerke,  x.s.  v.d.  ob. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Reynold  for  wagys, "  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  corde  for  the  taberettys  taberete,  ij.d. 

Summa  totalis,         ' 
foi.  69.  b.         Item,  the  second  day  of  June,  payd  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Grantom,^ 
in  horsemete  and  mannys  mete,  viij.s.  vij.d.  ob. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Herry  of  Selers,  for  his  costys  to  Stoke  ffro  Stawn- 
fford,'  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  geven  to  menstrallis,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  a  harbor  for  shaA^mge,  iiij.d 

Item,  the  same  day  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Stanfford,  viij.s.  j.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  gevyn  to  the  halywater  clerke,  ij.d. 

Item,  to  a  frere,  the  same  day,  ij.d. 

Item,  to  Thomas  Clere  the  same  day  for  wagys,  x.d. 

Item,  the  iij.  day  of  June,  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Stelton,*  vij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day,  geven  to  a  chylde,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  sam  day  to  a  messanger  of  my  lord  Mowntagewis,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Nychollas  Weryngale,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Reynold  Morgan,  for  his  costys  to  Odyrston,«    ij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Huntyngton,  x.s.  x.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Rechard  Clowthe  for  wagys,  viii.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  geven  to  a  ffrere,  iiii.d. 

Item,  the  iiij.  day  of  June,  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Cambrege, 

viij.s.  ix.d. 
Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  a  swyrd  of  Willyam  Hores  that  lay  to  plege, 

xij.d. 

1  Blank  in  MS.  '  Grantham,  Co.  Lincoln.  a  Stamford,  Co.  Lincoln, 

<  Stilton,  Co.  Huntingdon.  «  Oddeston,  Co.  Leicester  ? 


269 

A.  D.  1464.         Item,  the  same  day  geven  to  a  menstralle,  j.d. 

Item,  the  v.  day  of  June,  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Newmarket,  ix.s.  ix.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Bmy,  v.s.  xj.d.  ob. 

Item,  the  same  day  in  offerynge  at  Bmy,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Robart  Gierke  for  mony  leyd  down,  ij.d. 

Item,  to  the  same  Robart  on  hys  wagys  the  same  day,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Heny  Selers  for  hys  costys  to  Wynche,  xx.d. 

Item,  for  shoynge  of  a  horse  at  Lanam,  the  same  day,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  geven  to  a  hye  wey  bery,'  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  vj.  day  of  June,  payd  to  Thorston  for  wagys,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  geven  to  Alysawndre  that  dwelljrthe  wyth  my  lord  of 
Norffoike,  xx.d. 

Summa  totalis,         "^ 
foi.  70.  Item,  payd  be  Thomas  Thorpe  at  Yorke,  for  my  masterys  lossys  att  the 

prykkys,  viij.d. 

Item,  at  the  buttys,  viij.d. 

Item,  payd  for  Rechard  Clowthe  att  the  buttys,  xij.d. 

Item,  for  bred  and  ale  at  the  sayd  buttys,  iiij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Muchegood  at  Yorke,  to  delyver  to  the 
yemen  herberorys,  x.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  gaff  to  m.  Thomas,  xx.d. 

Item,  to  m.  Nycholas,  xx.d. 

Item,  to  ther  scolemastyr,  xx.d. 

Item,  to  Herry  Muchegood,  xx.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Herry  Muchegood,  the  xxx.  day  of  May, 
for  to  here  to  my  lord  Chawmbrelayn'  for  the  segys  in  the  Northe,  x.li. 

Fyshe.}     Item,  the  viij.  day  of  June,  my  mastyr  payd  at  Yipswychfor 
xxxij.  leenges,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  for  a  c.  and  a,  quarter  of  saltffyshe, 

XV.  s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Rechard  Felaw,  ffor  a  wey  of  grey 
salt,  xiij.s.  ij.d. 

1  Sic.  '  Blank  in  MS. 

'  John  de  Vere,  13th  Earl  of  Oxford,  Lord  Great  Chamberlain. 


270 

A.  D.  1464,        Wyne.}     Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  for  a  pype  of  new  Gascoyne 
wyn,  xxxv.s. 

The  wich  my  mastyr  assynyd  Rechard  Felaw  to  pay,  off  mony  that  he  owt 
my  mastyr. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  Rechard  Felaw  for  to  pay  for  the 
caryage  of  the  sayd  stoffe  to  Stoke,  iiij.s. 

Item,  payd  for  ladynge  of  the  sayd  stoffe,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  xij.  day  of  June,  my  mastyr  gaff  to  a  man  of  Wynche,         viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  his  man  that  caryid  hys  wyne  fro 
Yipswyche,  for  caryinge  of  bare,  xx.d. 

And  my  mastyr  owythefor  the  here,  the  wyche  was  vij.  barellis,  to  Rechard 
Felawe.  > 

foi.  70.  b.         Item,  the  viij.  day  of  June,  my  mastyr  payd  for  hys  costys  at  Yipswyche, 

vij.s  vj.d.  ob. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Herry  of  Selers,  for  hys  costys  to  ryde  on  my 
masterys  arend,  '  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Thomas  Hylle,  xxij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Thomas  Morys  for  wagys,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  xv.  day  of  June,  my  mastyr  payd  for  xx.  yerdys  of  ulsam  for  hys 
horsse,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Beylam  for  ij.  boche  scynnys,^  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  for  ij.  dayis  werke,  to  the  sayd  Beylam,  '    viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Rechard  Clowthe  for  wagys, 

uj.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Thorston  Pare,  for  wagys,  v.s. 

Item,  the  xvij.  day  of  June,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Robart  Gierke,  to  bye 
serteyn  gere  at  London  for  my  mastyr,  xx.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  the  sayd  Robart  for  wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  my  lady,  iiij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Thomas. Copdoke  and  John  Cop- 
doke  hys  broder,  in  party  of  payment  of  ther  bargeyne,  iiij.  marc. 

Be  syde  v.  marces  thei  receyvid  at  the  makenge  of  the  sayd^bargeyn ;  and 
so  thei  have  receyvid  in  aUe,  ix.  marc. 

'  Blank  in  MS.  =  buck-skins. 


271 


A.D.  1164. 


Item,  the  xvij.  day  of  June,  my  mastyr  payd  for  his  costys  at  Colchestre, 

ij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  gevyn  to  a  man  at  the  sayd  town,  xij.d. 

Item,  a  senyte  befor  this  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Willyam  Femwale, 
to  ryde  on  his  arend  to  the  Kengys  house,  x.s. 

Item,  the  xxij.  day  of  June,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Thomas  Capdoke  for 
Thomas  Barker,  ^,s,  ^j  j 

And  so  he  hath  receyvid  in  aUe,  vj,  marc. 

Item,  the  xx.  day  of  June,  my  mastyr  payd  Rechard  Clowthe  ffor  wagys, 

xij.d. 
Item,  the  same  day  to  Martyn  Flecher,  iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Reynold  Morgan  for  wagys,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Braham  for  hys  costys  to  Wynche,  rj.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Thomas  Barker,        vj.s.  iiij.d. 
And  so  he  hath  receyvid  in  alle,  vj.  marc.  vj.s.  viij.d. 
Item,  the  same  day  to  John  Browne  for  hys  costys  to  Wynche,  iiij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  lent  hym,  xx.d. 

Item,  to  Lew  for  hys  costys,  x.d. 

foi  71.  Item,  the  same  day  to  Willyam  Smythe  for  wagys,  iiij.s. 

Item,  the  xxj.  day  of  Jime,  my  mastyr  payd  for  hys  costys  at  Yypswyche, 

iiij.s.  iiij.d. 
Item,  the  xxiij.  day  of  June,  delyveryd  to  John  Gylder  for  wagys, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  xxv.  day  of  June,  my  mastyr  gaff  to  Sulyard,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  xxvj.  day  of  June,  my  mastyr  payd  to  Scraton  for  a  3erd  and  a 

quarter  of  blakke  clothe,  xvj.d. 

Item,  for  a  quarter  of  a  yerd  of  murrey  of  narow  clothe,  iij.d.  ob. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Corbet  for  thred,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  John  Davy  for  wagys,      iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  John  Gonner  for  iiij.  dayis  werke, 

he  and  hys  man,  in  stokkjmge  of  gonnys,  ij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  saine  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Petman  for  iiij.  dayis  werke,  he 

and  hys  sone,  in  stokkynge  of  gonnys,  ij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  gevyn  to  Rechard  Felawys  preste,  ^j.s.  viij.d. 


272 

A.D.  1464.     Thepriour  of^      And  the  nexte  thewesday  after  Seynte  Johnes  day  I payd  to 
Prytwell.        j  the  pryor  of  Pertewel,  at  Holte,  an.  marke. 

And  the  xxmj.  day  of  June  I  rode  to  Hepesweche  and  so  to  Frarmnenhamef 
to  my  lord  of  Norfolke,  and  I  kame  nat  home  tel  the  laste  day  of  the  manthe,  and 
I  spente  wel  I  was  howete  in  kostes,  xix.s.  iij.d. 

And  I  payd  the  same  ty  me  fore  a  scherte  and  fore  apeyer  shoes  fore  Jake, 

xvj.d. 

And  theferste  day  of  July  I  payd  at  my  dynerfore  the  brodered  of  the  ^eld^ 
of  Seynte  Johnes,  ,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  the  same  day  I  sente  to  Welyeme  Hore  to  is  alle,  xvj.d. 

And  I  -^affe  to  ij.  men  that  goforthe  a  ^enste  the  Torke,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  ij.    day  of  July,  gaff  to  Thomas  Hylle   for  brynggynge  of  a 

bokke  fro  Framyngham,  ij.s.  iiij.d. 

fol.  71.  b.  Item,  the  ij.  day  of  July,  payd  to  John  Despeyn  for  wagys,  be  the  handys 

ofmymastyr,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  John  Roose  for  wagys,  be  the  handys  of  my 
lady,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  iij.  day  of  Jule,  payd  to  Janyn  for  wagys,  be  the  handys  of  my 
mastyr,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Rechard  Clowthe  that  he  payd  for  my  masterys 
costys  at  Sudbury,  ix.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  for  my  masterys  costys  at  Melfford,  ij.s.  ij.d. 

Item,  the  iiij.  day  of  Jule,  my  mastyr  payd  Corbett  for  wagys,      iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  delyveryd  to  Thurston  for  wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Smythe  of  Wynche,  ffor  hys  costys 
to  Wynche,  ^  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  the  sayd  Smythe,  to  take  to 
Braham  at  Wynche,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Herry  of  Seler  for  hys  wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Fernewell  ffor  wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  delyveryd  hym  to  ryde  on  my  masteris  arend, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  di.  a  tymbre  and  iij.  scyvys  of  letuse,      iiij.s. 

'  guild. 


273 

A.  D.  1464.        Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  a  di.  a  gamyshe  of  vessellys,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  v.  day  of  Jule,  delyveryd  to  Thomas  Thorpe  for  to  ryde  on  my 
masterys  arend  to  London,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  delyveryd  to  Thorpe  for  mony  that  he  hath  leyd 
down  for  my  mastyr,  iiij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  delyveryd  hym  to  here  to  the  browdere^  att  London, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  Clarenseis  the  herow,''       iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaffe  to  Lawnsegay  the  purcevant,^     viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  a  man  of  Colchestre,  for  xvij.  ellys  of  corse 
Holond  clothe,  vij.s.  j.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  receyvid  of  Scraton  xx.  yerdys  of  narow 
blew  clothe,  pryse  le  yerd  xvj.d.,  summa,    * 

Skaton.)  And  of  the  sayd  clothe  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  John  Rose  iiij. 
yerdys ;  and  xvj.  yerdys  Scraton  hath  home  a  yene  to  dye  depper,  the  wych 
must  cost  every  yerd  dyinge,  j.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  receyvid  of  Scraton  xv.  serdys  off  blew 
clothe,  prise  the  yerde,  xviij.d.,  summa,    * 

And  the      °       Scraton  hath  it  ayen  to  dye  depper ;  in  every  yerd  a  peny. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  receyvid  of  hym  xij.  yerdys  blew,  pryse  the 
yerd  xvij.d. 

Summa  off  alle  the  clothe  drawyth,  iij.U.  viij.s.  ix.d. 

The  wyche  my  mastyr  hath  assygnyd  Fjmch  and  Skraton  to  pay. 
fol.  72.  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Craneffen  for  a  bowe,      ij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  vj.  day  of  Jtde,  my  mastyr  payd  to  Payne,  for  iiij.  dayis  werke, 

viij.d. 

Item,  the  vij.  day  of  July,  my  master  rode  to  Yipswyche  to  kepe  the 
Sessyones,  and  ther  he  spente  in  horsemete  and  mannys  mete,        ix.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  the  viij.  day  of  Jule,  my  mastyr  payd  to  Herry  of  Selers  for  wagys, 
be  the  handys  of  the  fermer  of  Freffeld,  iij-s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  x.  day  of  July,  my  mastyr  payd  to  Pers  carter  of  Yipswyche, 
for  caryinge  of  wyne  and  here,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

'  embroiderer.  ^  Clarencieux  the  herald.  ••  pursuivant. 

*  Blanks  in  MS.  '  same. 

N  N 


274 

A.  D.  14C4.        Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  hym,  iiij-d- 

And  so  he  is  content  into  thys  day  for  all  maner  of  caryage. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Syr  John  Dew  for  wagys,  ij.s.  viij.d. 

M.^  the  X.  day  of  July,  ther  came  in  fro  Yipswyche  vij.  barellys  of  here, 
and  be  for  this  tyme  ther  came  ynne  xxij.  barellys. 

Summa  of  alleis  xxix.  bareUes,  the  wyche  is  owynge  ffore. 

Wyne.  \  M.''  Ferst  whan  wyne  came  ynne  my  mastyr  hadd  of  Rechard  a 
pype  of  whyte  wyne,  and  he  sent  to  my  mastyr  to  Wynch,  a  pype  and  ij. 
tercyanns  of  rede  Frenshe  wyrie ;  and  he  sent  to  my  mastyr  to  Stoke  a  pype 
of  rede  Gascoyne  wyne,  the  pryse  v.  noblys,  bowt  be  the  handys  of  Wur- 
soppe ;  and  he  sent  to  my  mastyr  to  Stoke,  a  nothyr  pype  of  wyte  wyne,  and 
ij.  tercyanns  of  rede  Frensh  wyne,  the  x.  day  of  July. 

And  alle  this  wyne  before  rehersyd  my  mastyr  owt  for  to  Rechard  Felow, 
and  ffor  the  caryage  of  the  sayd  wyne  and  bere  my  mastyr  hathe  content 
therfore. 

Item,  the  xij.  day  of  July,  payd  to  Cache  for  makynge  of  a  gowne  for 
Rychard  Waleys,  ij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Thomas  Gare  for  wagys,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Thomas  Clere  for  to  pay  for 
the  cartes  costys  to  Wynche,  x.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Scoyle  to  brynge  home  the  carte  a  geyn,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  John  Davy  for  hys  costys,  iiij.d. 

Item,,  the  same  day  to  Jakke  of  stable,  [for  wagys,J  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  xiij.  day  of  Jule,  payd  to  John  Mershe  of  botery  for  wagys, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Purcer  for  wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Wylbet  for  wagys,  yj.s.  viij.d. 

foi.  72.  b.         Item,  the  xiiij.  day  of  Jule,  my  mastyr  payd  to  Wyllyam  Hore  for  dytynge 

of  a  gowne  of  my  ladyis,  xxiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Thorston  for  wagys,        ij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Jamys  of  Colchestre,  for  a  payr 
botys  for  hym  selff,  ij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  ffor  iij.  payr  botuwys  for  my  mastyr,  to  the  sayd  Jamys,      ij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  botys  for  Thomas  Thorpe,  ij.s. 


275 

A.  D.  i4r,4  Item,  for  a  payr  shois  for  Plomsted,  and  for  ij.  payr  shois  for  ij.  of  my 
yonge  mastressis,  and  for  j.  payr  shois  for  Danyell,  and  a  nodre  payr  for 
Edmunde,  xyj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  a  payr  botuys  for  Rechard  Clowthe,  be  the 
handys  of  my  mastyr,  x.d. 

Item,  the  xv.  day  of  Jidy,  my  mastyr  payd  to  Chelon  for  wagys, 

Tj.s.  viij.d. 

And  he  had  before  as  he  sayth,  xj,s.  viij.d. 

Summa  of  all  that  he  hath  hadd  is,  xviij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  John  Mershe  of  kechyn  for  wagys,  ij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  John  Mershe  of  botery  for  wagys,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  hym,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  hym  that  he  leyd  down  for  Mydsomer  candyllys, 

viij.d. 

Item,  to  hym  that  he  had  leyd  downe  for  fyshe,  ix.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  the  paler  for  wi^'s,        vj.s.  viij.d. 

And  he  hath  hadde  in  alle  as  he  sayth,  xxiiij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Rob3m  Mose  for  wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  he  hath  had  of  Moleyns,  xxv.s. ;   smnma,  xxviij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  xvij.  day  of  July,  my  mastyr  payd  Strange  that  he  payd  for  my 
masterys  costys  and  hys  mennys,  whan  he  came  to  Wynche,  ij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  the  sayd  Strange  for  old  dettys,  vj.d. 

And  I  payd  fore  my  kosteajrome  Stoke  to  Wensche,  xiiij.s.  vj.d. 

And  Idelyverd  the  xxj.  day  of  July,  in  ^effie  to  the  berward  that  kepethe 
my  ber,^  ■^'•"• 

And  sen  I  kame  to  Wensche  I  delyverd  to  Reschard  Klowthe  a  bowe  that  I 
bowte  ofKranfenJor  iJ-s-  ^V-d- 

And  I  delyverd  Ser  John  ij.  homes. 

And  the  same  day  that  I  was  laste  at  Bery  I  bowte  afore  Baynard  and 
Tomor  of  a  man,  xxx.  seme  malte,  to  be  browte  in  my  howse,fore  v.li. 

And  therof  I payde  heme  the  same  day  onward,  afor  theme,      xxxUj.s.  iiij.d. 

foi.  73.  Komberion.}     And  the  same  day  I  kame  howt  of  Stoke  I  bowete  of  Kom- 

berton  es  wyte  hawenbeler,  fare  my  karte,  xxij.s.  viij.d. 

1  bear. 


276 

A.  D.  1464.        The  wesche  many  I  syned  Lendesey  to  pay  to  Lontes  wyffe  for  Koniberton. 

And  I  rode  to  Lene^  wethe  my  lord  Skale,  and  I  spent e  ther  to  my  pante  in  ij. 
dayes,  in  al  kostes,  ,  xxxmij.s. 

And  on  Seynte  James  day  I  delyveryd  to  the  taborete  to  by  heme  a  peyer 
hosen,  ij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  the  same  day  I  rekenhed  wethe  my  ber  brewer  is  man,  afore ,  Roberd 
Taylor,  and  he  seythe  he  browte  in  a  jenste  my  komhenge^  ix.  barelles  of  bere, 
and  sen  Ikame,  x.  barelles,  and  he  haxethefore  hevery  barel  xx.d. ;  and  her  of 
I  delyverd  heme  the  same  day,  x.s. 

Seward.}  And  the  nexte  morow  I  ded  reken  wethe  JVelyeme  Seward,  and  is 
kostes  onpayd  drawethe  ij.s.  iiij.d. ;  the  wesche  I  take  heme  the  same  day, 

ij.s.  iiij.d. 

Fore  holes. }  Arid  on  Seynte  Anes  day,  Ipayd  to  heme  that  solde  me  viij.  seme 
holes,  be  the  andes  of  Brame,  xvj,s. 

,    And  so  he  is  hal  kontentefore  is  holes. 

Fore  bren^ene  |  And  the  same  day  I  payd  be  andes  of  Brame  to  the  ij.  men 
homeofkalel.  ]of  Wensche  that  helpe  to  brenge  home  the  strese^  howete  of 
Warweke  scheyer,  of  Balbyes,  fore  Iheyer  reward,  iiij,s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  xxviij.  day  of  Jule,  my  mastyr  gaiFto  Fenn3mge,  iij.s.  iiij.d 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  Thomas  of  Chambre  for  hys  costys 
to  Herewyche  be  lond,  and  a  gen  be  water,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  the  same  day  I  toke  Welym  Fernewelfore  a  peyer  botes,  xx.d. 

And  the  swme  day  I  delyverd  to  Reschard  Wales  a  peyer  of  new  hosen  that 

koste  iiij.s. ;  I  toke  heme^  for,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

foi.  73, 1).         And  the  sam^  day  I  delyverd  Tomas  Klerfore  wages,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  the  same  day  I  delyverd  to  Senklowfore  wages,  xij.d. 

Browderer.}  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Reynold 
Morgon  to  pay  to  the  browderer  at  London,  x.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Syr  John  Dew  for  wagys,  xx.d. 

And  the  xxviij.  day  of  Jule,  I  rode  to  the  Kenge  to  Foderengey,  and  I  was 
howete  in  to  the  xviij.  day  of  Hawgoste ;  and  I  spente  wel  I  was  howete  fore 
kostes,  sej.  mm-ke,  v.s.  ij.d. 

'  Lynn.  *  cattle  distrained  for  rent  ?   See  p.  1 78,  ante.  ^  gave  them. 


277 

A  b.  1464.        And  r-jufe  to  Moleveres  that  dwellethe  wethe  my  lord  Schawunseler,^ 

vj.s.  viij.d. 
And  to  ij.  of  the  gentehnen  hoscheres,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

And  wel  I  was  howte  I  delyverd  at  ij.  tymes  to  Roberd  Klerkefor  wages, 

ij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  to  Throstonfor  wages,  xx.d. 

And  to  Welyem  Fernewelfor  wages  at  ij.  tymes,  iij.s.  viij.d. 

And  I  delyverd  to  Persyval  and  to  Tomas  Thrope,  xx.d. 

Sere  John.}     And  I  delyverd  the  xviiij.  day  of  Hawgoste,  to  Ser  John  a  bowe 

that  koste  me  at  Stanforde,  ij-x. 

Item,  the  xix.  day  of  August,  delyveryd  to  Thomas  Gare  be  the  handys  of 

my  lady,  for  wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  xx.  day  of  August,  my  mastyr  rode  a  hontynge  into  Rysynge 

Chase  2 ;  and  ther  he  spent  in  costys,  that  day  and  the  next  day  folwynge, 

xiiij.s. 
Item,  the  same  tyme  my  mastyr  gaiF  the  ij.  kepers  of  the  sayd  chase, 

vj.s,  viij.d. 
Item,  the  same  tyme  my  mastyr  gaflf  a  chyld  that  kepte  Wekes  chambre, 

xx.d. 

Item,  the  xxij.  day  of  August,  my  mastyr  rode  to   Lynne,  and  there  he 

spent  in  costys  the  same  tyme,  v.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  for  iiij.  3erdys  and  iij.  quarterys 

kendalle  for  a  gowne  and  a  sadyll  clothe,  the  yerde  ix.d. ; 

summa  of  alle,  iij.s.  vj.d.  ob. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  for  xx.  lenges,  viij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  for  x.  coddys,  iij.s. 

foi.  74.  Item,  the  sam  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  on  of  Wekes  men  for  a  bowe  that 

Syr  John  brakke,  ^x.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  gaff  to  John  a  Noddys,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Braham  to  pay  to  the  baker  for 

bred  receyvid  into  the  pantry,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

And  he  receyvid  of  my  lady  at  ij.  tymys  beffore,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

»  ChanceUor.  George  NeviUe,  Bishop  of  Exeter.        ^  Castle  Rising,  Co.  Norfolk. 


278 

A.  D.  1464.        And  SO  he  is  content  into  the  xxiij.  day  of  August. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Braham  to  pay  fFor  ale  into  the 
botery,  xviij.s. 

And  he  is  contente  into  the  xxiij.  day  of  August. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Braham  for  to  kepe  wyth  the 
howsold  whylle  he  is  owte,  xx.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  the  parker  of  Rysynge  a  gowne,  the 
pryse,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  master  gaff  to  WUlyam  Fernw^le  a  peyr  crymysyn 
hosyn,  the  pryse,  '  xvj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  hym  for  his  costys  be  the  wey  wyth 
the  howndes,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Jakke  a  stable,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  xxiiij.  day  of  August,  my  mastyr  toke  Thomas  Seward,  for 
costys  that  he  hadde  payd,      '  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same'  payd  to  John  Davy  for  wagys,  xvj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Strawnge  for  mony  that  he  hadde 
leyd  downe  for  my  sayd  mastyr,  iij.s,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  Morgon  for  wagys,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  in  my  masterys  costys  at  Brandon  ffery,        iiij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  to  Seynclow  to  byde  wyth  the  gret  horsse,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  xxv.  day  of  August,  in  my  masterys  costys  at  Bury,      vij.s.  v.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  in  my  masterys  costys  at  Brendylle,^  ij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  and  the  next  day,  in  my  masterys  costys  at  Shymplynge 
Thorne,^  iij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  Thorston  for  wagys,  ij.s. 

Item,  the  xvj.  day  of  August,  in  costys,  and  to  the  parker  at  Neylond, 
payd  be  the  handys  of  my  mastyr,  iiij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Thorpe  for  hys  costys  to  Yipswych,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  xxvij.  day  of  August,  in  my  masteris  costys  and  to  the  parker 
at  Smallebrege,*  ij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Robart  Koke  for  wagys,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

1  day.  2  Brent  Ely,  Co.  Suffolk.  3  Shimpling,  Co.  Suffolk. 

Smalbridge,  Co.  Suffolk. 


279 

A.D.  14G4.        Item,  the  same  day  to  Syr  John  Dew  for  wagys,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  sam  day  to  Thorpe  for  hys  costes  to  London  and  to  bye  sertayn 
gere,  xiiij.s.  iiij.d. 

foi.  74,  b.         Item,  the  xxix.  day  of  August,  in  costys  a  Langan'  and  to  the  parker, 

iij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  xxx.  day  of  August,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  John  Gylder  ffor 
wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Martyn  fflecher  ffor  xij.  brode 
awrues  and  x.  hedys,  xxij.d. 

Item,  the  ferst  day  of  Septembre,  my  mastyr  bowt  of  the  pewtrer  of  Col- 
chester di.  a  gamyshe  of  counterfet  vesseUys,  conteynjmge  xxix.h.,  prise 
the  li.,  iiij.d.;  and  di.  a  gamyshe  of  playne  vessellys,  conteynenge  xliiij.h., 
prise  the  li.,  iij.d. ;  and  ther  of  my  mastyr  payd  hym  in  old  vessellys,  cli.,  prise 
thepownd,  ij.d.;  and  the  same  tyme  my  mastyr  toke  hym  in  mony,  iij.s.  vj.d. 

And  so  he  is  content  ffore  thc(  sayd  vessellys. 

Item,  the  iij.  day  of  Septembre,  my  mastyr  rode  owt  an  huntenge,  and  he 
spent  ffro  that  day  into  the  vij.  day  of  Septembre,  in  horsemet  and  mannys 
mete,  xxxij.s. 

Item,  the  iij.  day  of  Septembre,  delyveryd  to  Thorston  for  wagys,      xij.d. 

Item,  the  v.  day  of  Septembre,  my  lady  delyveryd  Suward  to  take 
Braham  att  Wynches,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  for  his  costys  thedre  and  a  geyn,  xvj.d. 

Item,  for  hys  costys  to  Halseworsh^  and  to  Framyngeham,  x.d. 

Item,  the  ix.  day  of  Septembre,  my  mastyr  gaff  iiij.  of  the  Kynggys  men- 
stralys,  ^-s-  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  receyvid  of  Scraton  xv.  yerdes  of  kendalle, 
the  wyche  my  mast3rr  most  lowe  hym  for,  x.s.  iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Jamys  man  of  Colchestyr,  for  a  payr  botuys  for  my 
mastyr,  ^•"• 

Item,  the  same  day  for  a  payr  schone  for  Willyam  Femwale,  vij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Femwale  for  wagys  in  mony,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  x.  day  of  Septembre,  delyveryd  to  Thorston  for  wagys,      viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Robart  Gierke  for  wagys,  ij.s. 

'  Langham  ?  ^  Halesworth,  Co.  Suffolk. 


280 

A.D.  1464.        Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Willyam  Hore  for  reysenge  of  ij. 
gownys,  a  rosset  and  a  crymysyn,  xxij.d. 

Item,  for  my  masterys  costys  in  huntynge  at  Wekes  parke,         vj.s,  viij.d. 

Item,  payd  for  Juddes  gowne  and  for  the  makynge,  ij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  yaff  hym  a  payr  hosyn,  pryse  ' 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  Wyndam  for  mony  leyd  doune,  xij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  gaiF  ha  man  to  ryde  on  his  arend  to  London  to  the  lady 
Scalys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  yafFyonge  Wyndam,  vj.s.  viij.d 

foi.  75.  Item,  the  iiij.'=  yer  of  Kyng  Edward  the  iiij.*  and  the  ^iij.  day  of  Septem- 

bre,  my  mastyr  made  comenaunt  wyth  John  Foster  laborer,  and  he  shaUe 

be  wyth  my  mastyr  xij.  monythys,  and  he  shalhave  for  wagys,  xxvj.s.  viij.d., 

and  a  gowne,  and  mete  and  drynke. 

Item,  the  yer  a  bove  sayd  and  on  Assencyon  evyn,  my  mastyr  rekenyd 
wjrth  the  Frenshe  man  for  wyne,  afor  Rechatd  Felawj  and  he  axid  for  iij. 
pypys  wyn,  vj.li. ;  the  wyche  my  mastyr  assygnyd  Rechard  Felaw  to  pay 
hym. 

Gaudeber. }  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  bowt  of  Gawdeber  a  tonne  of 
Gascoyne  wyne,  a  pype  of  claret,  and  a  pype  of  red  wyn,  for  v.  marces. 
And  the  same  Gawdeber  owyth  my  mastyr  xx.  marces  of  mony  that  my 
mastyr  lent  hym,  and  ther  of  my  mastyr  alowyd  hym  v.  marces  for  hys  wyne  ; 
and  the  toder  x.li.  my  mastyr  assygnyd  hym  to  paye  to  Rechard  Felaw. 

Item,  delyveryd  to  Rechard  Clowthe,  at  Yipswyche,  xij.d. 

Item,  to  Thomas  a  Chambre  for  wagys  the  same  tyme,  xij.d. 

A  medesyn]  For  medesen  for  yen,''  take  a  lyteU  whyte  coperosse^  and 
for  hyen.  J  bray*  it  and  put  it  in  a  lytell  rennynge  watyr,  and  putt  it  to 
the  yhen.  And  for  a  webbe  and  a  pynne'  in  the  yhe,  roste  an  egge  hard  and 
pele  it,  and  kytt  it  onto,^  and  take  owt  the  yokke  and  put  inne  the  holes  ther 
the  yokke  by,  a  lytyU  whyte  copperoose  and  close  the  egge  to  geder  and  put  it 
in  a  fayr  clothe,  and  wrynge  owt  the  watyr  therof  into  a  pesse,  and  put  it  to 
the  sore  yhe  and  it  shall  make  it  hole. 

1  Blank  in  MS.  ^  eyes.  s  copperas.  *  pound. 

*  pain.  6  cut  it  in  two. 


281 

A.  D.  1464.        Item,  the  xxiij.  day  of  Septembre,  nfy  mastyr  gaff  to  my  kdy  Scalys  man 
that  browt  a  lettre,  ^.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  a  messangyr  of  my  lady  Yorkes, 

xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  rode  to  Walsyngeham  and  to  Cley,  and 
ther  my  mastyr  payd  a  carter  for  caryinge  of  stoffe  to  Wynche,      iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  gaff  Jamys  Hobard  at  Norwyche,  rj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  payd  Syr  Willyam  at  Permowth  for  wagys,       iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  made  comenamit  at  Fressefeld,  wjth  '  carpenter 
that  he  shall  be  wyth  hym  this  xij.  monyth,  and  he  shall  have  in  mony  xxx.s. 
and  a  gowne,  and  hys  comenamit  begynnith  the  iiij.*  yer  of  the  Kynge,  and 
the  next  monday  befor  Myhelmesse. 
foi.  75.  b.  Item,  the  ferst  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  payd  to  Morgon  of  Hadleghe, 
for  caryinge  of  iij.  pece  ffiyce^  to  Wynche,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Syr  Willyam  for  wagys,  xxiij. s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  Kerry  DanyeU,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  sam  day  my  mastyr  toke  Willyam  Femwele  for  wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Thorpe  to  bye  hym  gere,  iiij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Thorston  for  wagys,  v.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  Thorston  to  delyver  to  Rechard 
Clowthe  for  wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Agnes  that  she  payd  Corbet  ffor 
wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Braham  for  wagys,         vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  second  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  delyveryd  to  Rechard  Gierke 
for  wagys,  v-s- 

Item,  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  John  Gyldyr  for  wagys,  v.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  Morkam  that  browt  my  mastyr  ij. 
horse  to  bye,  "j-s-  iiij-d. 

Item,  the  iij.  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  payd  ffor  iij.  ellys  of  fyn  Holond 
for  a  shyrt  for  hym  selffe,  iiij-s-  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  for  ij.  elys  of  clothe  for  a  shyrt  for  the  chylde  of  the 
chapeUe,  ^j-'^- 

I  Blank  in  MS.  '  frieze. 

o  o 


"282 

A.D.  1464.        Item,  my  mastyr  spent  forhys  costys  inkepynge  of  the  corte  of  Ameralte,' 
in  horsemete  and  mannys  mete,  vj.li.  xiiij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  the  iiij.  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  toke  the  cator  at  ij.  tymes, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 

'  Item,  the  same  day  to  John  Halle  for  his  costys  wyth  the  gret  horse  fro 

Stoke  to  Wynche,  xvj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  delyveryd  to  Thomas  a  Chambre,  ij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastjn:  payd  for  an  amblynge  colt,      xxiiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  a  bonet,  xiiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Reynolde  Morgan  for  wagys,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Rechard  Waleys  for  wagys,  xx.d. 

foi.  76.  This  wrytynge  made  the  v.*  yer  of  Kynge  Edward  the  iiij."'  and  the  last 

A.  D.  1465. 

day  of  ApryUe,  wytnessythe  what  mony  is  owynge  my  mastyr  for  Myhelmesse 
terme  last  past,  as  it  peryth  be  the  accomit. 

Ferst,  John  Parker  of  Colchestre  owyth  my  mastyr  for  hay,  xxiiij.s. 

Item,  Scratpn  owyth  for  the  same  terme  above  rehersed,  v.li. 

Item,  Wegayn  owth  my  mastyr  of  his  acount,  viij.li.  ix.s.  iij.d.  di.  q". 

Item,  Mawt  Gierke  owyth  my  mastyr  at  her  last  acount,  liiij.s.  di.  q^. 

And  my  mastyr  alowid  her  for  iij.  lambes,  iij.s. 

And  for  a  caliFe,  ij.s. 

And  so  debet  to  my  mastyr,  xlix.s. 

Item,  the  fermor  of  Overbery  Halle  owyth  my  mastyr  at  Myhelmesse  last 
was,  v.li.  x.s. 

Item,  Lyndesay  owyth  at  hys  acount  for  Overbery  HaUe,  for  Myhelmesse 
last  past,  cj.s.  j.d.  ob.  iij.  capons. 

Item,  he  owyth  to  my  mastyr  for  Stokehalle,  xl.s.  ix.d. 

Item,  he  owyth  for  the  rentes  of  Wythermershe,  Bachous,  Bonehous  and 
the  Priory,  iiij .11.  j.d.  ob.  q". 

Item,  he  owyth  for  the  rent  of  Stanstrett,  iij.li.  v.d. 

'  It  would  appear  from  this  entry  that  Sir  John  Howard  was  one  of  the  Commissioners 
of  the  Admiralty,  although  the  exact  period  of  his  appointment  has  not  been  discovered. 
The  court  was,  probably,  held  at  Harwich,  at  which  town  we  find  him  previously  capturing 
thieves,  perhaps  pirates  :  see  pp.  180,  185,  ante.  In  1470,  Sir  John  was  made  Captain  of 
the  King's  ships  for  the  protection  of  the  sea  coast.  Pat.  10.  Edw.  IV.  m.  13;  printed  in 
"  Memorials  of  the  Howard  Family,"  by  Henry  Howard,  of  Corby,  Esq.  Fol.  1834.  App.  iv. 


283 

A.  D.  1465.         Item,  he  owyth  for  Willyam  Peke  for  ferme,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Summa,  xiiij.li.  ix.s.  j.d.  q\,  iij.  capones. 

Item,  the  meller  of  Overbery  Halle  owyth  my  mastyr  into  Myhehnesse 

last  past,  iiij.]i. 

foi.  76.  b.         Thys  wrytynge  made  the  v.'"  yer  of  Kynge  Edward  the  iiij.'"  and  the  last 

day  of  May,  wytnessethe  that  Robart  Palmer  of  Est  Deram  in  the  counte 

of  NorflFoLke,  owyth  to  my  mastyr  be  obligacyon,  to  pay  at  the  fest  of  the 

Invencyon  of  the  Crosse  next  folwynge,  for  that  tyme  that  he  was  under 

shereffe,  x.U. 

foi.  77.  M.d  the  V.*''  yer  of  Kyng  Edward  the  iiij.'"  and  the  xxv.  day  of  May,  my 

mastyr  receyvid  of  Willyam  Fynche,  gayler  of  the  castelle  of  Colchester, 

xl.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  receyvid  of  Scraton,  xx.s. 

Item,  the  yere  above  said  and  the  monday  befor  Wytsontyde,  my  mastyr 

receyvid  of  WiUyam  Kynge  fermore  of  Morton,  v.  marc.  vj.s.  viij.d. 

foi.  7m. 

foi.  78.  b.         M/,  quod  ix.  die  Augusti  anno  r.  r.  E.  iiij."  post  conquestum  Angliae 

A.D.  1464. 

quarto,  Thomas  Dorton  de  Comerde  Parva  in  com.  Sufi".,  pedder,'  venit 
coram  Johanne  Howard  miUte,  uno  justiciarioriim  domini  Regis  ad  pacem 
in  com.  Sufi;  conservandam  assignatorum,  et  manucepit  sub  poena  xl.li.  quod 
Johannes  Borton  de  Buris^  laborer,  compareat  coram  justiciariis  prsedictis, 
ad  proximas  sessiones  apud  Gippewicum  tenendas,  ad  respondendum  domino 
Regi  de  diversis  articiilis  super  ipsum  propositis ;  et  quod  medio  tempore 
se  bene  gesserit  sub  poena  praedicta. 

foi.  79.  Anno  regni  Regis  Edwardi  quarti  qviinto. 

A.  D.  i4r,.i.        M.''  the  iij.'''  day  of  May,  my  mastyr  rode  to  London  ward  fro  Stoke,  and 

the  same  day  he  spent  at  Esterford,  for  bred  and  ale,  ij.d. 

Item,  for  horsemet  at  the  same  towne  the  same  day,  xj.d. 

Item,   the   same   day  my    mast}^-  spent   at    Chemysford  in  horsemete 

and  mannes  mete,  '^•^-  ^j-"- 

Item,  the  iiij."*  day  of  May,  my  mastyr  spent  at  Brendwode  in  horsemet 

and  mannes  mete,  ij-s-  viij-<i-  ob. 

1  Pedler  ?  ^  Bures,  Co.  Suffolk. 


284 

A.D.  1465.        Item,  the  v.  day  of  May,  my  mastyr  paid  for  a  bonet  ffor  hym  selflFe, 

ij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  ffor  a  porse  for  my  said  mastyr,  x.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  geven  to  a  fiyere,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  for  a  pdteUe  of  wyne,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  ij.  mennes  sopers,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  delyveryd  to  Jenyn  for  his  costys  homward,         iiij.s. 

'Item,  the  vj.  day  of  May,  my  mastyr  spent  at  the  taverne  at  soper,      ^ 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  Roger  Payis  chylde,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  John  Gylder  for  hey,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  vij.  day  of  May,  paid  to  John  Gylder  for  hey,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  \dij.  day  of  May,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Wylbet  to  paye  to  the 
carter  of  Colchestre,  for  caryinge  of  ger,'  TJ.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  Wylbet  for  howsold,  xx.d. 

And  my  mastyr  toke  hym  befor  for  howsold,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  ix.  day  of  May,  my  mastyr  paid  to  John  Gylder  for  hey,    viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  to  John  Gylder  that  he  paid  for  coles,        xviij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  to  John  Gylder  that  he  paid  for  brede,  j.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  to  John  Gylder  that  he  paid  for  lyter,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  x.  day  of  May,  paid  to  John  Gylder  to  pay  for  otes,  xxj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Wylbet  for  howsold,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  for  a  portor  of  Salusbury  use,* 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Robart  Coke  for  mony  leid  downe, 

xv.d. 

'Item,  the  xj.  day  of  May,  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Mochegoode  to  take 
to  Wylbet  to  borow  on  iiij.s.  in  goold,  a  nobyUe. 

Wherof  my  mastyr  assyngnyd  hym  to  take  to  Watken  for  his  costys,^  ij.s. 

Item,  to  take  to  Herry  Mychegoode  ffor  botehyre,  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  take  to  hym  selffe  for  howsold,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  xvj.  day  of  May,  my  mastyr  gaff  to  the  mastyr  of  the  Kynggys 
wardroppe,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

'  This  item  is  omitted  in  N.  MS.    '  Blank  in  MS.     s  ffro  Stoke  to  London,  N.  MS. 
*  A  Salisbury  missal.  *  Omitted  in  N.  MS.  *  home,  N.  MS. 


285 

A .  D.  1 4CS  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  the  porter  of  the  said  wardroppe,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  for  entrynge  of  a  pleynt  in  the 
Cownter  ffor  Pryse,  and  the  restynge,'  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  for  a  wrytte,  ij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  for  caryage  of  a  hoggeshed  of  wyne 
into  his^  place  at  London,  viij.d. 

Item,  to  the  cowper  the  same  tyme,^  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Wylbet  for  howsold,  xx.d. 

fol.b.  79.         Tester.}     Item,    the   same    day   my  mastyr  delyverd   to   the  man  that 

maketh^  his  testor  of  mayle,  iiij.s. 

^Braham.}  This  wrytynge  made  at  London  the  v."*  yer  of  the  Kynge 
Edward  the  iiij.*,  wytnessythe  that  this  day  and  yere  a  hove  said,  my 
mastyr  ressejrved  of  Watken  that  he  had  of  Braham  at  Stoke,  xx.  marc. 

'Of  the  wyche  xx.  marc.  Braham  receyvid  of  Walwort  ffor  the  dette  that 
Foster  owt  myne  mastyr  for  the  scape*  at  Yips  wyche,  x.  marc. 

'  And  of  the  fermor  of  Freffeld  for  hys  fferme,  x.  marc. 

Muchegoode.}  Item,  my  mastyr  payd  to  Herry  Muchegod  that  he  had 
payd  ffor  my  masters  sones,  for  shoes,  xij.d. 

Item,  that  he  had  payd  for  shavynge,  washynge  and  oder  gere  to  theme, 

ij.s.  v.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  John  Gylder  that  he  had  paid  for 
horse  mete,  iiij.d. 

And  he  is  content  into  this  day  afore  saide. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  John  Gylder  for  to  bye  more  horse- 
mete,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastj-r  paid  for  a  galy  pott,  iij-d. 

'Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  for  wyne  at  dyner,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Porter  of  *  Canwey  Strete,  ffor  iij 
yerdes  of  fyne  grene  for  Jane '  to  her  lyvery  gowne,  xiiij.s. 

'  arestynge,  N.  MS.  ^  the,  N.  MS.  ^  ffore  new  barres,  N.  MS. ' 

*  made,  X.  -MS.  *  These  entries  are  not  found  in  N.  MS. 

"  The  escape  of  a  prisoner  from  Ipswich  gaol,  of  which  Foster  was  gaoler. 
'  Omitted  in  X.  MS.  '  London,  draper  in,  X.  MS. 

'  Mastres  Jane,  X,  MS. ;  Sir  John's  third  daughter. 


286 

A.  D.  1465.  Symson.}  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Capelle  that 
dwellethe  wyth  Symson  draper  of  London,  to  delyver  to  John  Hamond  of 
Neylond  for  a  token'  for  the  same  Symson,  a  crosse  of  goold  sett  wyth 
iij.  stones. 

Item,  the  xviij.  day^  of  May,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Roger  Tego  ffor  a  gowne 
cloth  for  mastres  Marget,^  xj-s- 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  hym  for  makenge  of  that  gowne  and 
makenge  of  a  nother  gowne,  iij-s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  for  a  furre,  iij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaiF  to  mastres  Jane,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  Wylbet  for  howsold,  xx.d. 

Felawe  andl  Item,  the  yere  above  said  and  the  xviij.  day  of  May,  my 
Serjawnt.  j  mastyr  made  Robart  Serjawnt  of  Stoke,  and  Rechard  Felaw  of 
Yipsswyche,  to  be  bownd  for  hym  to  Stalbroke  marchaund  of  London,  in 
xl.H. ;  and  therof  to  be  paid  at  Seynt  Bethylmew  day  nexte  comenge  to  the 
said  Stalbroke,  xx.li. ;  and  at  Myhelmesse  next  folwyng,  odre  xx.li.  Wiche 
xl.li.  was  in  mony*  for  my  lord  of  Norffolke,  ^and  he  must  acount  to  my 
mastyr  therfore. 
foi.  80.  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  John  Gylder  for  horsbred,        vj.d, 

Item,  for  ij.  justynge  reynes  and  a  hedstalle,  x.d. 

Item,  the.  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  Wylbett  for  howsold,  vij.s. 

And  he  is  content  into  this  day  for  alle  thynggys  bout. 

And  the  same  day  my  mastjrr  toke  hym  more  for  howsold,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  xix.  day  of  May,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Marks  ffor  a  payr  shone  for 
h3rm  selff,  viij.d. 

And  for  a  payr  shone  for  Thomas  Thorppe,  vij.d. 

Porter.}     Item,  the  xx.  day  of  May,  my  master  payd  to  Porter  the 
draper,  for  xxiiij.  yerdes  of  cremysen  clothe,  pryse  the  yerde  iiij.s., 

summa,  iiij.li.  xvj.s. 

And  therof  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Comberton,  a  gowne. 


'  for  a  token  etc.,  omitted  in  N.  MS.  '■'  same  day,  N.  MS. 

'  The  second  daughter  of  Sir  John  Howard.  <  ware,  N.  MS. 

5  The  close  of  this  sentence  is  omitted  in  N.  MS. 


287 

A.  D.  1465.        Item,  to  Robart  Thorppe  of  the  same,  a  gowne. 

Itemj  to  Robart  Gierke,  a  gowne. 

Item,  to  Robart  Cooke,  a  gowne. 

Item,  to  John  Gylder,  a  gowne. 

Item,  to  Thorston  a  Pare,  a  gowne. 

Item,  to  Robart  a  Chambre,  a  gowne. 

Item,  to  Rechard  Lancaster,  a  gowne. 

Item,  to  Wylbett,  a  gowne. 

Item,  to  Thorppe,  a  gowne. 

Item,  to  Davy  Thorelle,  a  gowne. 

Item,  to  Seynclow,  a  gowne. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  for  a  lode  heye,  x.s. 

'  And  of  these  gownes  above  wreten  my  mastyr  hath  on  in  store. 

'  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  bowt  iiij.  yerdes  and  iij.  quarters  of 
damaske,  the  pryse  of  a  yerde,         * 

'  And  therof  my  mastyr  gaff  to  James  Hoberd  ij.  yerdes  and  a  quarter  for 
a  doblet. 

Item,  the  xxiij.  day  of  May,  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Jane,  iiij.s.  ij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  delyverd  to  hym  that  made  the  shawfiron,'     iiij.s.  ij.d. 

■•  Item,  the  same  day  delyverd  to  Robart  Gierke  for  wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

*  Item,  the  same  day  delyverd  to  Davy  Thorelle  for  wages,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

The  Kynge. }     Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  lent  to  the  Kynge  for  hys 
offerynge,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  xxv.  day  of  May,  my  mast3nr  paid  to  the  cordwaneres  man  in 
Sothwerke  for  iiij.  payr  shone  for  hym  selffe,  ij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  shone  for  my  lady,  v.d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  shone  for  mastres  Margett,  iiij.d. 

And  so  he  is  content  into  this  day  for  alle  thyngys. 

*Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  John  Browne  for  wagys, 

xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  Wylbet  for  howsold,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

'  These  entries  are  omitted  in  N.  MS.      2  Blank  in  MS.      '  shawnflFron,  X.  MS. 

*  Omitted  in  X.  MS. 


288 


A.  D.  1465.  And  he  had  before  that  of  my  mastyr,  "j-s-  iiij-d. 

foi.  80.  b.  Item,'  to  Corbet,  a  gowne. 

Item,  to  NychoU  WenynghaU,  a  gowne. 

Item,  to  Fynche,  a  gowne. 

Item,  to  John  Browne,  a  gowne. 

Item,  my  mastyr  hath  delyverd  to  John  Hobbes,  a  gowne. 

Item,  to  Thomas  a  Chambre,  a  gowne. 

Item,  to  Jenyn,  a  gowne. 

Item,  to  Femwale,  a  gowne. 

Item,  to  John  Davy,  a  gowne. 

Item,  to  Edmund,  ^  a  goime. 

Item,  to  Scraton,  a  gowne. 

^  2  Item  the  xxx.  day  of  May,  my  mastyr  toke  Robart  Gierke  for  wagys,  v.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Thurston,  for  his  wages, 

iiij.s.  ij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  John  y  Gylder  for  wages,  iiij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  to  Femwale  for  wages,  iiij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  the  same  Robart  Gierke  to 
take  my  lord  of  Norffolkes  wardrop,  xx.d. 

And  the  said  Robart  hath  it  stylle,  and  it  must  be  rekened  on  his  wages. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Robart  Gooke  for  wagys  be 
the  handys  of  Thomas  Moleyns,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  delyverd  to  Seynclow  for  wages,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  xxvij.  day  of  May,^  my  mastyr  paid  to  Thomas  a  Ghambre  for 
hym  selff,  ij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  to  hym  for  botehyre,  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  hym  that  made  his  shamfron, 

ij.s.  iiij.d. 

^Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  John  Davy  of  the  stabulle,  ffor 
wages,  iiij.s. 

*Item,  the  same  day  to  John  de  Spayne  for  wages,  iiij.s. 

■'Item,  the  xxviij.  day  of  May,  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Davy  Thorell  ffor 
wages,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

>  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd,  N,  MS.     '  These  entries  are  omitted  in  N.  MS. 
3  Aprylle,  N.  MS.  i  Omitted  in  N.  MS. 


289 

A.D.  1465.         Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Wylbetfor  howsold,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  he  had  before  be  the  handes  of  Thomas  Thorppe,  v.s. 

'Item,  the  xxix.  day  of  May,  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Syr  John  Dewe  ffor 
his  wages,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

'Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  John  Davy  of  the  stable  for 
wages,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  for  gyldynge  of  the  hameys  of  his 
swyrde,  xx.d.- 

*Item,  the  same  day  paid  to  Robart  Coke  for  wages,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  sam  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  Wylbet  for  howsold,  xx.d. 

fol  81.  Item,  the  xxx.  day  of  May,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Rechard  a  More  for  ahoby, 

xlvj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid  flFor  a  shamfron  of  stele,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  last  day  of  May,  paid  to  Robart  Thorppe  for  a  yerde  of  w)-gthe 
sarsenet  'for  my  masters  sadylle,  v.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  the  same  Thorppe,  for  a  yerde  of 
crymesen  sarsenet,  iiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  for  caryinge  of  donge,  xxj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  mastres  Agnes  that  she  had  paid 
for  costes,  and  also  for  her  costes  home,'  viij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Purcer  that  he  had  paid  for  carj-age 
of  the  gret^  stondard,  iij.d. 

'Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  alowyd  to  his  tenaunte  next  his  place  in 
London,  taylor,  for  makynge  and  lynynge  of  a  gowne  for  Jenyn,     iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  Thomas  Thorppe  a  payr  hosen,  the  pryce,  ij.s.  ij.d. 

Item,  to  Lew  a  gowne  lynynge  and  makenge,  the  pryce,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  John  Despayne  a  pajT  hosen,  the  pn,ce  of  them,  ij.s.  ij.d. 

Item,  to  Seynclow  a  gowne  lynynge  and  makynge,  the  prj-ce,      iij.s.  iiij.d. 

'  Omitted  in  N.  MS.  '  iij-s-  iiij.d.,  N.  MS.  '  Omitted  in  N.  MS. 

*  The  following  words  are  omitted  in  N.  MS. 

5  to  Stoke  fro  London,  N.  MS.,  in  which  this  item  follows  the  above,  "  Item,  the  same 
day  my  mastyr  paid  for  stondynge  of  my  mastres,  ij.s.  iiij.d."     N.  MS.,  fol.  46.  b. 
'  This  word  is  omitted  in  N.  MS. 

'  This  and  the  eight  succeeding  items  are  omitted  in  N.  MS. 

P  P 


290 

A.  D.  1465.        Item,  to  John  Gylder  a  payr  hosen,  the  pryse,  ij-s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  Jenyn  a  payr  hosen,  the  pryse,  iJ-s- 

Item,  for  mendynge  of  Thorpes  doblet,  ij-d. 

'  Item,  to  John  Davy  a  payr  hosen,  pryse  ij-s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaiF  to  my  lord  of  StaiFordes  man  that 
delyverd  the  Walshe  bylles  and  the  congere,  iiij.s.  ij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Nychollas  Ratcl3rfF  for  iiij.  yerdes 
and  iij.  quarters  of  blake  damaske,  prise  of  the  yerde  vij.s., 

summa,  xxxiij.s.  iij.d. 

And  therof  my  mastyr  gaff  to  Jemes  Hoberd  ij.  yerdes  and  a  quarter. 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid  for  his  costes  and  his  mennes  in  tyme  of  the  justes 
at  Westemenster,  xiiij.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  hath  spent  at  London  in  the  tavernes  at  drynkynge,  and 
in  odre  place,  v.li. 

Item,  my  mastyr  owyth  to  Berthelmew  Syates  for  vj.  yerdes  and  di.  of 
cremysen  velvete,  pryce  the  yerde  xviij.s.,  summa,  v.li.  xvij.s. 

Item,  the  ferst  day  of  June,  paid  to  Crystyne  for  powderenge  and  peyn- 
tynge  of  my  masteres  sheldes  and  his  sadylle,  x.s. 

'Item,  the  same  day  delyverd  to  Robart  Cooke  for  wages,  v.s. 

fol.  81.  b.         Item,  the  same  day  paid  to  the  browdereres  wyffe  for  sylke  for  my  masteris 

helme  at  the  ^  justes  of  peace,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Porter  the  armorere  for  mendynge 
of  dyverse  hameys,  viij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  master  paid  to  Cumberton  that  he  paid  for  ston- 
dynge  of  my  yonge  mastres,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

'Item,  the  same  day  to  John  Browne  for  wages,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  peiid  to  WiQyam  Bolstrod  of  Canwey  Stret,* 
for  X.  yerdes  and  di.  of  fyne  cremysen  engreyned,  iiij.U.  v.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Thomas  a  Chambre  for  his 
costes  home,  v.s. 

1  Omitted  in  N.  MS.         ^  xhese  words  are  not  in  N.  MS.  •>  Omitted  in  N.  MS 

■*  Candelwick-street  ?  a  corruption  of  Candelwrichte-street,  which  name  it  bears  in  all 
very  early  deeds. 


291 

A.  D.  1465.  Porter.}  Item,  the  yere  afore  said  and  the  ferst  day  of  June,  my  mastyr 
rekened  wyth  John  Porter  draper  of  Canwey  Strete ;  and  he  axseth  for  xxiiij. 
yerdys  and  di.  of  cremysen  owt  of  greyne,  pryse  the  yerde  iiij.s., 

svimma,  iiij.li.  xviij.s. 

Item,  for  xxx.  yerdes  and  di.  of  cremysen  engreyned,  prise  the  yerd 
Aoij.s.  vj.d.,  summa,  xij.li.  xix.s.  iij.d. 

The  some  of  both  is,  xvij.h.  xvij.s.  iij.d. 

Wheroff  my  mastyr  paid  to  the  said  draper  the  day  and  yere  a  bove  re- 
hersed  in  party  of  payment  of  the  said  som,  vij.h.  xvij.s.  iij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Perse  his  hoser  for  a  payr  hosen  for 
hym  selffe,  iiij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  hym  for  makenge  of  ij.  payr  hosen  for 
hym  selffe,  ij.s.  viij.d. 

'Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  John  Gylder  for  that  he  had  payd 
for  horsebred,  hey  and  leter,  xiij.s.  vj.d. 

And  so  he  is  content  into  this  day  for  all  thjTiges. 

Boylet.}  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  rekened  wyth  WiUyam  Boylet 
draper  in  Temsestrete,  and  my  mastyr  owt  for  cremysen  clothe  engreyned  and 
owtofgre^n,  viij.h.  xj.s.  x.d. 

The  wyche  my  mastyr  paid  hym  the  same  day.  And  after  thes  payment  my 
mastyr  receyvid  of  the  said  Boylet  as  myche  cremysen  owt  of  greyn  as  drewe, 

xxv.s.  iij.d.^ 

The  wyche  my  mastyr  owyth  hym. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  bowt  of  Gardenerys  man  of  ComehuUe,  as 
myche  cremysen  owt  of  greyne  as  drew,  v.li.  xv.s. 

The  wyche  my  mastyr  content  hym  this  same  day. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Wylbet  for  howsold,'   xx.s.  iij.d.  ob. 

And  so  he  is  content  into  this  day  for  alle  thyngys. 

And  my  mastyr  toke  hym  more  for  howsold  the  same  day,  xvj.d.  ob. 

*The  wyche  he  must  acount  fore  to  my  mastyr. 

*Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  WiUyam  Femwale  for  wagys, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 

1  Cancelled  :  omitted  in  N  MS.  ^  iij.d.  omitted  in  N.  ftlS. 

3  at  London,  N.  ImS.  '  Omitted  in  MS. 


292 

A.  D.  1465.        Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  John  Gylder  that  he  had  payd  for 

shoyinge,  the  xx.  day  of  May,  xij.d. 

Item,  for  lyter  the  same  day  bowt,  j-d. 

Item,  for  beytynge  at  Kenyngton,  the  xxj.  day  of  May,  v.d. 

Item,  for  di.  a  dosen  'bred  the  same  day  bowt,  vj.d. 

Item,  for  lyter  the  same  day  bowt,  j-d. 

Item,  for  lyter,  the  xxij.  day  of  May,  for  all  the  horsse,  ix.d. 

Item,  for  a  brome  the  same  day,  ob. 

Item,  for  horsebred  the  xxiiij.  day  of  May,  ij.s. 

Item,  for  lyter,  the  xxv.  day  of  May,  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  horsebred  the  same  day,  xij.d. 

Item,  for  straw,  the  xxvij.  day  of  May,  iiij.d. 

^Item,  for  horsebred  the  same  day,  xij.d. 

Item,  for  horsebred  the  xxviij.  day  of  May,  xij.d. 

Item,  for  botehyre  the  same  day,  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  for  mendynge  of  a  brydelle,  j.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  for  botehyre  ayen,  j.d. 

Item,  the  xxix.  day  of  May,  for  horsebred,  ij.s. 

Item,  for  straw  the  same  day,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  xxx.  day  of  May,  for  shoyinge  of  Bayard,  ob. 

Item,  for  beytynge  at  Westmenstyr,  ob. 

Item,  for  horsebred  the  same  day,  xij.d. 

Item,  for  hey,  the  last  day  of  May,  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  hey,  the  ferst  day  of  June,  viij.d. 

And  so  the  said  John  Gylder  is  content  for  alle  thyngys  into  the  said  fFerst 
day  of  June. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  yaff  to  Rechard  Lancastre,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  iiij.  day  of  June,  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Willyam  Fern  wale  for 

his  costes  to  Holt,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  the  clerkes  of  the  sygnet,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  the  crystenynge  of  Syr  Willyam 

Noryse  chylde,  xl.s. 

'  horsebred,  N.  MS.  =  Omitted  in  N.  MS. 


293 

A.D.  14C5.         Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Dyshborne  for  mendynge  of  his 
stele  sadylle,  y_s. 

Item,  for  a  brase  for  my  masters  helme,  ^j.d. 

Item,  for  a  rolle  for  on  of  my  masters  sadylls,  viij.d. 

Item,  for  a  tresse,  yi,d. 

Item,  for  iiij.  dobylle  gyrthes  of  browne  twyne,  xvj.d. 

Item,  for  ij.  dobylle  gyrthes  of  whygthe  twyne,  xrj.d. 

Item,  for  makynge  clene  of  my  masters  velvet  hameys,  xx.d. 

Item,  for  a  tester  for  a  horsse  hede,  ij.s. 

Item,  for  stuffynge  and  mendynge  of  the  stele  sadyU,  iij.d. 

Item,  for  stuffynge  and  mendynge  of  a  noder  sadylle,  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  a  dobylle  gyrthe,  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  a  new  hed  staUe,  iiij.d. 

And  so  my  mastyr  hath  contente  hym. 
fol.  82.  b.  '  Item,  the  yere  above  sayd  and  in  the  monythe  of  May,  my  mastyr  re- 

ceyvid  of  WyUyam  Fernwale  that  he  brout  from  the  resseyvor  of  Holt,    xx.li. 

'  AVherof  was  ffor  det  that  my  lord  of  Norffolke  owt  my  said  mastyr  for 
mony  leyid  downe,  x.li.  xij.s. 

'And  the  toder  dele  was  of  mony  that  the  said  resseys'our  uvrt  to  my  said 
master,  of  old  dette. 

'  Item,  the  vij.  day  of  June,  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Thurston  for  wagys,  iij.s. 

Boylett. }  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastjT  paid  to  John  Dorkenge,  Boylettys 
man,  for  iiij.  yerdes  of  cremysen  owt  of  grejTie,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  hym  that  made  his  shamfron,  x\-j.d. 

^Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Thorppe,  xij.d. 

'^Item,  the  same  day  delyverd  to  Seynclow  for  wages,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Gaye. }  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  rekenyd  wyth  Gay  of  Fletestrette, 
and  my  said  mastyr  owythe  hym  for  xij.  yerdes  and  di.  of  cremysen  en- 
greyned,  vij.U.  x.s. 

Item,  for  xxv.  yerdes  and  di.  of  cremysen  engreyned,  xiiij.li.  vj.d. 

Item,  for  ij.  yerdes  of  grene,  ix.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  blak  lynynge,  ij.s. 

And  of  this  some  my  mastyr  paid  hym  this  same  day,  ^;j.h.  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

'  These  items  are  omitted  in  N.  MS.  '  Omitted  in  N.  MS 


294 

A.  D.  1465.        And  SO  my  mastyr  owyth  hym  for  this  gere  unpaid,  xv.li.  viij.s.  vj.d. 

For  the  wyche  my  mastyr  aseled  hym  an  obligacyon  of  the  said  some,  to  be 
payable  at  Myhelmesse  next  comenge. 

Symson.}  Item,  my  mastyr  owyth  to  Symson  the  draper  of  London,  for 
xlj.  yerdes  and  iij.  quarters  of  crymysen  engreyned,  pryse  of  the  yerd,  vj.s. 
viij.d.,  summa,  xx.  marc.  xj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  above  wreten  paid  to         '  taylor  in  Fletestret,  for 

the  makenge  of  a  longe  gowne  of  tawny,  xx.d. 

Item,  for  makenge  of  a  short  gown  of  velvet,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  lynynge  to  the  same  gowne,  ij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  for  makenge  of  a  gowne  of  cremysen  velvet,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  lynynge  to  the  same  gowne,  ij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  for  makenge  of  a  gowne  to  Thomas  Thorppe,  -  xvj.d. 

Item,  for  lynenge  to  the  same  gowne,  .      xviij.d. 

Item,  for  makenge  of  a  gowne  for  Edmund,  x.d. 

Item,  for  lynenge  to  the  same  gowne,  xij.d. 

Item,  for  byndynge  of  a  hatt  with  velvet,  vj.d. 

Item,  for  makenge  of  a  gowne  of  the  Kengges  levere,  xx.d. 

Item,  for  lynenge  to  the  same  gowne,  ij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  for  makenge  of  a  gowne  of  grene  medele,^  xvj.d. 

And  so  my  mastyr  hathe  alle  content  hym  for  alle  the  werke  that  he^  hathe 
done  into  this  day. 
fol.  83.  Item,  Peter  cordwaner  hathe  of  my  masters  a   payr   of  whygthe   botues 

lyned  with  blak  velvet. 

Borton  taylour. }  Item,  the  same  day  and  yer  afore  rehersed,  my  mastyr 
lefile  to  kepe  with  Borton  taylour  in  Crokelane,''  a  longe  gowne  of  cremysen 
velvett  fiirred  with  martris.^ 

Item,  a  short  gowne  of  russet  velvet  furred  weth  martres." 

Item^  a  doblet  of  clothe  a  goold,  and  a  longe  gowne  of  tawny,  lyned. 

Item,  a  short  cremysen  goune  lyned. 

''Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Wylbet  for  wages,  iiij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  Rechard  Lancaster,  xx.d. 

1  Blank  also  in  N.  MS.      '■'  medley  or  motley  ?     ^  The  following  words  are  not  in  N.  MS. 
■•  Crooked  lane,  London.      ^  martins.        °  marstres,  N.  MS.        ^  Omitted,  N.MS. 


295 

A.  D.  1465.  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  John  Gylder  that  he  paid  for  a  doseyn 
horsebred,  the  ferst  day  of  June,  xii.d. 

Item,  that  he  paid  for  hey,  the  v.  day  of  Jime,  xiiij.d. 

Item,  that  he  paid  for  horse  bred  the  same  day,  xij.d. 

Item,  that  he  paid  for  hey,  the  yj.  day  of  June,  xx.d. 

Item,  that  he  paid  for  di.  a  doseyn  bred  the  same  day,  vj.d. 

Item,  that  he  paid  for  shoyinge,  the  vij.  day  of  June,  v.d.  ob. 

Item,  that  he  paid  for  botehyre,  j.d. 

And  so  he  is  content  into  the  said  vij.  day  of  June. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastjT  paid  to  Wylbct,  ffor  to  pay  to  a  baker  that 
was  owynge  for  horsebrede,  iij.s. 

And  so  my  mastyr  hathe  content  for  alle  maner  horsemet  into  the  dav 
and  yer  afore  rehersed. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Wylbet  for  howsold,         viij.s.  ij.d. 

And  so  he  is  content  for  alle  maner  vytelys  into  this  day.' 

Item,  the  x.  day  of  June,  my  mastyr  paid  to  James  Hoberd  for  makenge 
ofhisffee,  ij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  hym  for  makenge  of  bylles,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  ^Suward  for  that  he  axsethe  for 
caryinge  of  lenge,  xvj.d. 

Item,  the  xj.  day  of  June,  my  mastyr  spent  for  costys  at  Clare,  whan  he 
rode  to  my  Lady  of  Yorke,  viij.s. 

Item,  the  xij.  day  of  June,  my  mastyr  gaflf  to  Webbe,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  xiij.  day  of  June,  my  mastyr  gaff  to  a  menstraUe  of  my  lord  of 
Oxenfordes,  xx.d.^ 

'  "  Item,  my  mastyr  spent  for  his  costes  to  Stoke  ward,  the  same  day,  and  the  viij.  day 
of  June,  ix.s.  iij.d.  ob." 

Supplied  by  N.  MS.,  fol.  48.  "  Thomas  Suward,  N.  .MS. 

'  After  this  the  following  items  are  found  iu  N.  MS.,  fol.  4S. 

"  Item,  the  xvij.  day  of  June,  my  mastyr  pai()  to  Cumbertone,  fore  justement  of  a  cow, 

vj.d. 
Item,  my  mastyr  paid  hym  the  same  day  fifore  co.-tys  flfechynge  of  the  said  cow,  vij.d." 
"  justement  of  a  cow," — agistment  or  pasturage  of  the  animal. 


296 

A.D.  1465.         Item,  the  xviij.  day  of  June,  my  mastyr  paid  to  a  man  of  Neylond  for 
X.  elles  of  broune'  clothe,  prise  the  elle  ij.d.  ob.,  summa,  ij.s.  j.d. 

Item,  for  vij.  eUes  of  fiynere  broune  clothe,  prise  the  elle  iiij.d.  ob., 

summa,  ij.s.  vij.d.  ob.^ 

Item,  the  xix.  day  of  June,  my  mastyr  toke  Lawrence  for  his  costys 
rydenge  to  Clare  on  my  masters  arend,  dyverse  tymes,  liij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Suward  for  his  costys  to  Norwyche, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 
fol.  83.  b.         3  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Robyn  Mase  for  wages,  vj-s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Mawt  Gierke,  for  a  ram  and  xix. 
ewes,  pryse  the  pece,^  xx.d.,  summa,  xxxiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  paid  here  the  same  day  for  v.  lambes,  pryse  the  pece  xij.d., 

summa,  v.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  her  for  alle  her  corne  as  it  growethe' 
on  the  grown de,  xxxvj.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  her  for  vij.  yonge  shotes,  v.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  her  ffor  a  sowe,  '  ij.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid  her  for  a  gander,  iiij.  bredegese*  and  v.  yonge 
goslynges,  the  prise  of  alle  drawyth,  iiij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  her  for  a  presse  to  presse  crabbes  in 
and  to  make  syther,'  xij.d. 

Item,  the  xx.  day  of  June,  my  mastyr  paid  to  mastres  Agnes  ^  ffor  that  she 
paid  for  clothe  to  the  man  of  Neylond,  iij.s.  x.d.  ob. 

Item,  that  she  paid  for  yonge  kokerelles  to  make  of  capons,  ix.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  spent  att  Colchestre  for  his  costes  to 
London  ward,  in  horsemete  and  mannes  mete,  iiij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  the  xxj.  day  of  June,'  my  mastyr  paid  for  his  costys  att  Brende- 
wode,  in  horse  mete  and  mannes  mete,  iiij.s. 

1  lynen,  N.  MS. 

2  The  following  additional  item  is  found  in  N.  MS.,  fol.  48. 

"Item,  for  ij.  elles  of  Brabanfor  ij.  shyrtes  for  mastyrDanyelle,  prise  the  elle,  vij.d.  ob., 

summa,  xv.d." 
'  Omitted  in  N.  MS.  *  one  with  another,  N.  MS.  grew,  N.  MS. 

^  broode  gese,  N.  MS.        '  cyder.        '  Banyard,  N.  MS.      «  Jcnever,  N.  MS. 


3 


297 

A.D.  1465.         Item,  the  xxiiij.  day  of  June,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Robard  Gierke  for  mony 

leyd  downe,  ij.s. 

'Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  mastres  Jane  for  wagys,  viij.s  iiij.d. 

'Item,  the  same  day  payd  to  Wylbett  be  the  handes  of  my  mastyr  for 
wagys,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  day  before  this  my  mastyr  gaff  to  the  Kenges  bargeman,     xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  master  paid  ffor  a  bote  to  Shene,  ij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Thorston  for  howsold,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Wilbet  for  howsold,    xj.s.  iij.d.  ob. 

And  so  he  is  content  into  this  day  for  alle  thynggys. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Gylder  that  he  psdd  for  hey,    xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  the  baker  for  horsebred,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  Seynclow  for  that  he  paid  for 
hey,  xij.d 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  John  Gylder  that  he  paid  for  bote 
hyre,  ij.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Welbet  and  to  Jenen  for  ther  coste)  homward 
wyth  the  horsse,  iiij.s. 

Item,  my  mastjrr  payd  to  John  Bower  of  Fletestret  for  a  newe  bowe  and 
for  pesenge  of  an  old  bowe,  ij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  tyme  my  mastjrr  paid  to  John  Gylder  for  hey  bowte,  and 
for  horssebred  bowt,  ij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  tyme  my  mastyr  paid  to  Ordenge  kooke,  iiij.d. 

And  so  he  is  content  for  aUe  thynggys  into  this  day,  ssaff  for  reparacyon 
of  my  masterys  place  at  London, 
foi.  84.  'Item,  the  same  monythe  my  mastyr  toke  to  John  Despayne  for  wagys, 

xij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Jame3  Hobard  for  Ferfox,*  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

>  Omitted  in  N.  MS. 
'  Entry  supplied  by  N.  MS.,  fol.  48.  b. 

"  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  the  bakere  for  horsebrede,  xij.d." 

^  Omitted  in  N.  MS. 

<  "  Serjeant  at  lawe,"  inserted  in  a  later  hand,  N.  MS.    Guy  Fairfax  was  appointed 
Serjeant  at  law,  7th  Nov.,  1464.    Dugdale's  Origines  Juridicialet ;  Chron.  Ser.,  69. 

Q  U 


298 

A.  D.  1-165.        Item,  my  mastyr  toke  hym  for  Solyard  the  same  tyme,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  toke  h3rm  for  Jenken  Stodley,  ij-s.  j-d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  toke  hym  for  hym  selff  the  same  tyme,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  toke  John  Gelder  the  same  tyme,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  toke  hym  to  pay  for  horsebrede,  v.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  toke  to^  Rowdon  the  same  tyme,  viij.s  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  tyme  my  mastyr  toke  to  yonge  Thorppe  for  that  he  had 
leyd  downe,  v.s. 

Item,  the  same  tyme  my  mastyr  toke  John  Gylder  to  bye  heye, 

viij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  toke  hym  to  pay  the  smyth  the  same  tyme,  xv.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid  the  next  day  affiter  Seynt  Peters  day,  ffor  the  sele 
of  the^  new  patentt,  viij.li.  ix.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  for  a  Syne,  xx.s. 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid  the  wrytenge  and  for  the  lace,^  xiij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid  for  the  rollenge,^  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  Ferfox,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  Hosy,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  mastyr  gaff  to  James  Hobard,  xx.d.^ 

Item,  my  mastyr  spent  att  the  taverne  and  att  the  botehyre,  v.s.  iij.d. 

Item,  my  master  gaff  att  ij.  oder  dayis  to  Gye  Ferfox,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Hosy  for  the  same  dayis,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

^Item,  my  mastyr  receyvid  of  James  Hobard  att  Westemenstre,  ffor  the 
men  of  Norffolke,  v.  marc. 

And  theroff  my  mastyr  toke  hym  to  take  Solyard  ffor  hys  reward,     xxv.s. 

Item,  the  x.  day  of  Jule,  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Solyard,  iiij.s.  ij.d 

Item,  my  mastyr  toke  hym  for  a  serjaunte,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  toke  hym  for  wyne,  x.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  master  toke  to  Spence,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  to  Thomas  Chateryse  of  Hokessborgthe,'  i    v.s. 


'  yonge,  N.  MS.        ^  hys,  N.  MS.        ^  The  silk  cord  to  which  the  seal  was  fastened. 
'  enrolling.  *  iij.s.  iiij.d.,  N.  MS.  *  Omitted  in  N.  MS. 

7  Hokerborowhe,  N.  MS. 


299 

A.  D.  1465.        Spence.}     And  my  master  sent  to  Braham  to  take  hym,  iiij.  marc. 

And  alle  this  is  in  party  of  payement  of  the  new  kervelle.' 

foi.  ■<4.  b.         Item,  the  v.**"  day  of  August,  my  master  paid  to  Herry  Gralle  taylor,  for 

makenge  of  a  gowne  of  my  lord  of  Clarence3  lyvery  for  hym  selfF,  and  for 

makenge  of  ij.  kendalle  gownes  for  m.  Thomas  and  m.  Nychollas,    v.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  a  cordwaner  ffor  ij.  payr  of  whigthe 

shone,  .  xyj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  John  Gylder  for  hey,         viij.s.  iiij.d. 

^And  so  he  is  content  for  alle  thynggys. 

^Item,  the  same  day  my  mast3n-  toke  Thurston  for  wages,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  vj.  day  of  August,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Ordynge  for  vyteUes  had 
into  the  howsold,  iiij.s.  ij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  hym  for  Lewes  bord,  a  fort  nyth, 

xx.d. 
Item,  the  same  day  paid  for  a  fferken  ale,  x.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  master  paid  to  the  baker  for  bred,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  for  horsebrede,  v.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid^  for  washenge,  x.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  for  shoyinge,*  ix.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  the  chaxmdeler,'  v.d. 

^And  so  my  mastyr  hathe  content  for  alle  maner  costys  at  London. 
'Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Robard  Kokefor  wagys,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 
^Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Seynclow  for  costys  home, 

ij.s.  iiij.d." 
Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  for  a  horse,  an  hoby,  and  in  mony, 

xxxiij.s.  iiij.d. 

foi.  85.  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Seynclow  to  pay  for  spycez  and 

for  Robard  Kokes  costys  and  his  home  be  watyr/  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Wheroff  he  paid  to  the  grocer  in  Fanchestrete'  for  spyce},  x.s.  \j.d. 

'  See  p.  197  ante.  '  Omitted  in  N.  MS.  '  to  the  lavendere,  N.  MS. 

*  of  hys  horse  at  London,  N.  MS.  *  fore  certayne  gere  fore  howsold,  \.  MS. 

'  Omitted  in  N.  MS.  "  Cancelled.  *  fro  London,  N.  MS. 

'  Fenchurch-street,  London. 


300 

A.  D.  1465.        Item,  for  Robard  Kokes  dyner  and  hys  the  same  day,  iij.d. 

■Item,  for  caryinge  downe  of  the  stoffe  to  the  water,  j.d. 

'  Item,  for  freytenge  of  the  stoffe  be  water,  xj.d. 

'Item,  for  ther  vetayllys  wythyrine  the  shyppe,  vj.d. 

'Item,  for  the  soper  att  Colchestre,  the  next  day,  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  the  caryinge  of  the  gere  fro  the  Hethe  to  Colchestre,  j.d. 

Item,  for  a  carte  to  carye  the  stoffe  to  Stoke,  vj.d. 

Item,  for  the  bed  at  Colchestre  the  same  ny3the,  j.d. 

Item,  for  here  brekefasste  in  the  momynge,  j.d. 

Item,  the  x.  day  of  August,  my  mastyr  rode  to  Colchestre  to  sytte  ther 
uppon  gayle  delyvere,  and  my  mastyr  spent  ther  for  his  costys  and  the 
juges,  xxx.s.  v.d. 

Item,  the  xj.  day  of  August,  my  master  payd  to  Jeme3  Hobard  that  he 
■  .paid  for  Sulyardes  costys  and  hys  for  a  mater  of  my  masteres  at  Norwyche, 

xiij.s.iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Thorppe  to  ryde  on  his  arend  to 
London  ffor  certaygne  gere,^  xyj.s.  viij.d. 

Whereof  he  paid  for  ij.  doseyn  coppes,  xiiij.d. 

Item,  ffor  a  puree  for  my  mastyr,  ix.d. 

Item,  ffor  goold  of  Damaske,  v.s.  Arj.d. 

Item,  ffor  di.  an  unnce  of  goold  of  Venyse,  ij.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  for  were,*  j.d. 

Item,  for  fflex,*  xxviij.d. 

Item,  for  a  slaye,'  iriij.d. 

Item,  for  a  shotenge  glove,  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  shoyinge  of  his  horse,  iij.d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  shoes  for  hym  selffe,  vij.d. 

Item,  for  a  baskatt,  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  a  gyrdelle,  ,  iij.d. 

Item,  he  spent  for  his  costys  being  owt  v.  da3ds,  ij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  xij.  day  of  August,  my  mastyr  rode  owt  on  hontenge,  and  he 

'  Omitted  in  N  MS.  '  N.  MS.  omits  the  three  last  words. 

'  wire.  •!  for  vj.  li.  fflax,  N.  MS.  s  g^^ 


fol.  85.  b. 


301 

A.  D.  14C5.  was  owt  into  the  xvij.  day  of  August,  and  he  spente  in  horsemete  and 
mannes  mete,  and  in  gevynge  of  rewardes,  xxx.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  tyme'  my  mastyr  gaff  to  my  lady  of  Yorkes  secretery  for 
wrytenge  of  iij.  warantes  for  xxiiij.  qwyke  dois/  iij.s.  uij.d. 

Item,  the  xxj.  day  of  August,  my  mastyr  rode  fferthe  on  huntenge  -wyth 
my  lord  of  Oxenfford  to  Lanam,^  and  he  spent  in  costys  fro  that  day  into 
the  xxviij.  day  of  August,  xxxvj.s.  ij.d* 

Item,  the  xxviij.  day  of  August,  my  mastyr  himted  at  Langam,  and  he 
spent  in  costej  and  rewardes,*  vj.s.  ij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid'  to  Robard  Gierke  for  mony  leid  downe,      ij.s.  v.d. 

Item,  my  mastjrr  paid  to  John  Gelder  for  his  costes  twys  in  rydynge  to 
Denstons,  viij.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  paid  for  iij.  sheffe  Osmond,*  bout  be''  Pakwode  ffor  to 
make  arow  hedes,  ij.s. 

Item,*  my  mastyr  toke  to  Pakwode  for  medesens  for  horse,  v.d. 

Dettes. }  Item,  the  v.""  yer  of  the  Kenge  and  the  xxij.  day  of  August,  my 
mastyr  paid  to  Stalbroke  of  London,  be  the  handes  of  Thomas  Thorppe*  and 
James  Hobard,'  for  my  lorde  of  NorffoUces  dettys  that  Rechard  Felaw  and 
Robart  Serjaunt  were  bound  fore  be  obUgacyon,'"  xx.li. 

Mof\.y  delyverd  ]  Item,  the  xxviij.  day  of  Aug;ust,  my  mastyr  delyverd  to 
to  Brame.       J  Braham  that  he  must  acount  fore,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  last  day  of  August,  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Braham  that  he 
must  acount  fore,  xxv.s. 

Item,  the  fferst  day  of  Septembre,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Braham  that  he  must 
acounte  ffore,  iij.h.  ij.s.  vj.d. 

"  Copehhoke  "1  And  theferste  day  of  September  I  ded  rekene  weth  Kopedhoke 
carpenter,  jand  weth  is  broder ;  and  it  drawethe  that  they  have  resseyved  of 
me  in  to  thes  day,  xlv.  markes,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

"7%«  breke^      And  the  same  day  I  ded  rekene  wethe  heme  that  makethe  my 

maker.     J  breke,  and  he  hathe  resseyved  of  Brame  a  fore  thes  day,  in  mony,  iiij.li. 

'  day,  N.  MS.  '  live  does.  '  Lanham,  N.  MS. ;  Langham,  Co.  Essex. 

*  at  the  same  place,  N.  MS.     '  the  same  time,  X.  MS.     '  A  species  of  iron  so  called. 
'  the  handes  of,  N.  MS.  '  the  same  time,  N.  MS. 

*  These  names  are  transposed  in  N.  MS.     '"  The  two  last  words  are  omitted  in  N.  M^. 

"  Omitted  in  N.  MS. 


302 

A.  D.  1465.       Braham.}     Item,  the  second  day  of  Septembre,  my  master  delyverd  to 
Braham  that  he  must  acount  fore,  xvj.s.  viij.d. 

'  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Colson  ffor  wages,         viij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Thorppe  ffor  his  costes  to  ryde  to 

the  Holt,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

foi.  86.  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Jame}  of  Colchestre  for  a  payre 

botuys  for  hym  selffe,  x.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  hym  for  forfotynge^  of  a  payre  botes 
for  Thomas  Thorppe,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  hym  for  ij.  payre  shoes  for  Rechard 
Waleys  of  olde,  xiiij.d. 

And  so  he  is  content  for  all  thinges  into  this  day. 

Item,  the  iij."^^  day  of  Septembre,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Cumberton  ffor  a 
bowe  for  John  Wady,  ij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  hym  for  mony  leid  doune,  ij.s. 

^Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  John  Mershe  of  botery  for  wages, 

vj.s.  viij.d. 

^Item,  the  iiij.  day  of  Septembre,  my  mastjr  toke  to  Lew  for  to  pay  for 
fforfotenge  of  his  botuys,  xij.d. 

Braham.}     Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Braham  that  he  must 
acount  fore,  iiij.li.  x.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  John  Gylder  that  he  paid  Copdoke, 

xij.d. 
;    Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  Jodde,  vij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  Hew  Canden,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  mastyr  Osberne,  xx.d.' 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  Rechard  Lankasher,  xij.d. 

Braham.}  Item,  the  Munday  next  affiter  our  Lady  day  the  N^tyvyte,  my 
mastyr  toke  Braham  that  he  must  account  ffor,  xvj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  rode  to  the  Kenge,  and  he  taryide  wyth 
hym*  vj.  dayis,  and  he  spent  wylle  he  was  owte,  xxxij.s. 

»  Omitted  in  N.  MS.  "  fotynge,  N.  MS.  »  Omitted  in  N.  MS. 

*  Omitted  in  N.  MS.  '  wyth  him,  omitted  in  N.  MS. 


303 

A.  D.  146)         Item,  the  xj.  day  of  Septembre,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Robard  Gierke  for 
bis  costes  to  my  lord  Bonseres'  place  for  frere  Robard,^  xvj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Strange  to  ryde  to  Clare  on  hys 
arende,  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  Fretryke  for  medesynes,      ij.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Moleyns  for  costes  in  caryynge  of 
wode,  xvj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  John  Style,  xij.d. 

fol.  86.  b.  Braham.}     Item,  the  xiij.  day  of  Septembre,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Braham, 

the  wyche  he  must  account  fore,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  xiij.  day  of  Septembre,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Fretryk  Donker  ffor 
to  pay  for  medesynes  for  my  lady,'  iiij.s.  ij.d. 

And  the  same  day  my  mastyr  del3r<rerd  to  Thomas  a  Chambre  ffor  wages, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  xv.  day  of  Septembre,  my  mastyr  gaff  to  mastyr  Bergent,    xx.d. 

Braham.}     Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Braham,  that  he  must 
acount  fote,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  xvj.  day  of  Septembre,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Braham  that  he  must 
acount  fore,  ix.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day*  paid  for  a  boteUe  of  glasse  bout  at  Yipswyche,    TJ.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  *  paid  for  wjTie  and  for  his  coste3  that  fet  ytt,       yj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  master  gaff  to  Gamettes  man,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  xvij.  day  of  Septembre,  my  master  toke  to  Thurston  for  his 
costes  to  London  ffor  to  ffette  fesycyance,*  ij.s.  ij.d. 

Braham.}     Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Braham  that  he  must 
acownte  fore,  v.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Jenyn  to  bye  coton,  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastjT  paid  to  Notbem  for  mony  leid  doune,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  xx.  day  of  Septembre,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Thurston  to  ryde  to 
Plashe«  and  to  Wyndsore  on  his  arend,'  vj.s.  viij.d. 

1  Sic.  ''  Robartt  Wotton,  N.  MS. ;  he  was  a  physician  :  see  p.  312. 

»  Lady  Catharine  Howard,  Sir  John's  first  wife,  died  in  1465.    From  this  time  to  her 
decease  we  have  frequent  notices  of  her  indisposition.  ^  my  mastyr,  N.  MS. 

•  physicians.  "  Pleshey,  Co.  Essex.  '  for  certayn  gere,  N.  MS. 


304 

A,  D.  1465.        Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  Thomas  Hylle,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  a  man  that  cam  fro  Donwyche, 

viij.d. 

Item,  the  xxj.  day  of  Septembre,  my  mastyr  gaff  to  mastyr  Roger  for  his 
costes  and  reward  in  lokenge  to  my  lady,  mj-  marc. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  John  Gierke  for  his  costes  and 
reward  in  lokenge  to  my  lady,  xl.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  John  Gierke  for  medesynes  ffor  my 
said  lady,  xvj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  ther  men,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Braham.}     Item,  the  xxiiij.  day  of  Septembre,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Braham 
that  he  miist  acount  fore,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Braham.}     Item,  the  xxx.'  day  of  Septembre,  my  mastyr  toke  the  said 

Braham,  ,  xx.d. 

foi.  87.  ^Itera,  the  xxvij.  day  of  Septembre,  my  mastyr  toke  to  John  Gylder  on 

his  wages,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

^Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  John  Wady  for  wages,       iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day'  my  mastyr  paid  to  Fretryke*  for  mony  leid  doun  at 
London  for  medesynes,  and  for  his  costes  rydenge  theder,  vj.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  hym  for  a  reward,  iiij.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  master  Coppenge,  x.s. 

Braham.}     Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  Braham  that  he  must 
acount  for,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

'  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Strange  for  wages,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  last  day  of  Septembre,  my  lady  gaff  to  the  freres  of  Colchestre, 

v.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  suger  candy  for  my  lady,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  for  water  of  honysoclys  for  my  lady,  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  for  beytynge  of  the  horsse,*  j.d. 

Item,  the  second  day  of  Octobre,  paid  for  wyne  for  my  lady,  v.d 

Item,  the  same  day  paid  for  medesyns  for  my  lady  at  Golchestre,       viij.d. 

>  XXV.  day,  N.  MS.  »  Omitted  in  N.  MS.  '  xxvij.  day,  r4.  MS. 

'  Fetryke,  N.  MS.  s  Omitted  in  N.  MS.  ^  at  Colchestre,  N.  MS. 


305 

A.  D.  146S.         Item,  the  same  day  payd  for  beytynge  of  the  horsse,  j.d. 

Braham.}     Item,  the  iiij.  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  toke  Braham  that 
he  must  acount  for,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  Spence  of  Donwyche,  xx.d. 

Item,  my  mastyr  gaff  to  John  Roose,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

'  Item,  of  the  mony  that  my  master  toke  Thurston  to  ryde  vryth  to 
Wyndesor,  he  leffte,  xvj.d. 

The  wyche  he  hathe  for  wages. 

■  Item,  the  v.**"  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Seynclow, 

viij.s.  iiij.d. 

Wheroff  he  paid  to  Water  of  Colchestre  for  a  li.  sugre  of  ij.  kute,^  xviij.d. 

Item,  to  the  said  Water,  paid  the  same  day,  for  a  quartron  of  gynger,'  vj.d. 

Item,  for  a  vmce  of  spykenarde,  ^-iij.d. 

Item,  for  an  unce  of  squynawnt,  viij.d. 

Item,  for  a  li.  of  resons  of  Coraunce,  iij.d. 

*  Item,  the  same  day  the  said  Seynclow  paid  for  plais,  ij.d. 
■*  Item,  for  ij.  coddes  the  same  day,                                                           ij.d. 

*  Item,  for  srympes  the  same  day,  j.d. 

*  Item,  for  rochetes  the  same  day,  ob. 

*  Item,  for  welkes  the  same  day,  j.d. 

*  Item,  for  his  costes  at  Colchestre  the  same  tyme,  j.d. 
'  Item,  the  same  day  he  receyvid  of  his  wages,  of  the  same  mony,  ij.s. 
°  Item,  the  same  day  he  delyverd  to  my  mastyr  of  the  said  mony, 

ij.s.  j.d.  ob. 
Et  sic  quietus  est. 
foi.  s7. 1).         Item,  the  same  day  my  master  toke  to  Braham  that  he  must  acount  fore, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  said  Braham  receyvid  be  the  handes  of  Strawnge  that  cam  fro 

Tyrelles  wyffe,  the  wyche  he  must  acount  fore,  iij.li. 


»  Omitted  in  N.  MS.  '  kewte,  N.  MS.  '  at  Colchestre,  N.  .MS. 

*  All  these  six  items  are  included  in  one  in  N.  MS. 

"  Item,  fiyshe  bout  at  Colchestre,  the  same  day,  vij.d.  ob." 

*  Omitted  in  N.  MS. 

K  E 


306 

A.  D.  14G5.         Item,  the  vj.  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Gant  for  his  carte 
caryinge  tymbre  ij.  dayis  fifro  Fordam  Fryte,'  and  iij.  dayis  atRokelles  Wode, 

viij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Reve  for  his  carte  ij.  dayis  at 
Overbery  Halle,  and  ij.  dayis  at  Rokelles  Wode,  rj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Thomas  Andrew  for  his  carte 
ij.  dayis  at  Fordam  Frythe,  and  ij.  dayis  at  RokeUes  Wode,  Tj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  Messynge  for  his  carte  iij.  dayis  at 
RokeUes  Wode^  in  caryinge  of  tymbre,  v.s. 

^Item,  Mathew  Say  was  at  Rokelles  Wode  iiij.  dayis,  for  the  wyche  he 
was  paid ;  and  he  was  at  the  same  wode  a  day  wyth  hys  carte  syne,  for  the 
wyche  my  mastyr  paid  hym  the.  day  above  said,  be  the  handes  of  Messynge, 

xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  master  paid  to  Swedswelle,*  for  his  carte  ij.  dayis 
at  RokeUes,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Braham. }  Item,  the  same  day  my  master  toke  to  Braham  that  he  must 
acount  fore  to  my  said  mastyr,  iiij.s.  ix.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Profete  for  his  carte  a  day  att 
RokeUes  Wode,  xx.d. 

SneUe.}     Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  SneUe,'  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  he  seithe  his  comenawnt  is  v.  nobUs ;  and  he  had  at  a  nodre  tyme 
before  this  day  of  my  mastyr,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  vij.  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Straunge  for  his  costes 
into  Norffolke,  on  my  said  masters  arende,  iiij.s.  ij.d. 

Braham. }  Item,  the  viij.  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Braham,  the 
wyche  he  must  acount  for,  xxxiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Braham.}  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Braham,  at  evyn,  that 
he  must  acownt  fore,  xxxiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  Jenen  for  his  costys  to  London, 

vj.s.  viij.d. 

'  Frythe,  N.  MS.  2  The  concluding  words  are  omitted  in  N.  MS. 

5  This  entry  is  as  follows  in  N.  MS. 

"  Item,  my  master  paid  Mathew  Saye  for  his  carte  be  iiij.  dayis,  v.s.  viij.d." 

^  Quedwelle,  N.  MS.  »  of  Leyham,  N.  MS. 


fol.  H>i. 


307 

A.  D.  1465.  Item,  the  ix.  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  gaff  to  Roger  Tymperley,  yeman 
of  the  Quenes  chaumbre,  xx.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  John  Rose,'  dweUynge  W3rth  my 
lady  Margett,  iiij.s. 

Braham.}  Item,  the  xj.  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  toke  Braham,  the 
wyche  that^  he  must  acount  fore,  xl.s. 

Day.'}  *Item,  the  xij.  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  rekened  wyth  Jenen  of 
the  vj.s.  viij.d.  wyche  he  toke  hym  to  go  to  London,  and  therof  he  paid  for 
his  costys  the  same  tyme  in  rydenge,  xvij.d. 

*Item,  for  a  botelle  of  rospyse,  iiij.d. 

*Item,  for  a  mannes  costes  to  Morton,  vj-d. 

■•And  so  the  said  Jenen  hathe  of  his  wages  of  the  said  mony,        iiij.s.  v.d. 

Braham.}  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Braham,  the  whyche  he 
must  acount  for,  xxxiij.s.  iiij.d. 

*Item,  the  xiiij.  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Robard  Gierke  on  his 
wages,  A-iij.s.  iiij.d. 

*Ifem,  the  same  day  my  master  toke  Thomas  Gierke  for  wages,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Day.  1  Item,  the  xiiij.  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Braham  the 
Braham.  J  wyche  that  he  must  acount  fore,  xliij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  at  even  my  mastyr  toke  to  the  said  Braham*  that  he 
must  acount  for,  ij.s.  j.d. 

Day.  ]  Item,  the  xv.  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  toke  Braham  that  he 
Braham.  J  must  acounte  fore,  vj.U.  xv.s. 

M*.  that  John  Barker  of  Combes  schjJl  brynge  my  mastyr  certayne  evy- 
dence  of  Stansted  and  Leffey,  and  my  mastyr  gaff  hym  the  same  day,    xij.d. 

Braham.}  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  Braham,  at  evyn,  the 
whyche  he  must  acount  fore,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Day.}  Item,  the  xrj.  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Robart 
Goke  for  to  ryde  on  my  masters  arend  to  London,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 


'  Rosse,  N.  MS.  =  Sic. 

'  Sic  :  this  note  occurs  several  times  ;  the  meaning  of  it  is  not  apparent. 

<  Omitted  in  N.  MS.  '  The  conclusion  of  the  sentence  is  omitted  in  N.  MS. 


308 

A.  D.  1465.         'Braham.}     Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  Braham  that  he  must 
acount  for,  xvj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  the  said  Braham,  at  even,  the 
wyche  he  must  acount  fore,  ~  xxv.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  John  de  Spayne  for  wagys,    viij.d. 

Braham.}     Item,  the  xvij.  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  toke  Braham,  the 
wyche  he  must  acount  fore,  xv.s. 

Item,  the  xix.  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Braham  that  he 

must  acownt  for,  x.s. 

foi.  88.  b.         Braham.}     Item,  the  xx.  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Braham 

for  the  wyche  he  must  a  cownte,  xvij.s.  vj.d. 

Braham.}     Item,  the  xxj.  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Braham 
that  he  must  acount  for,  xl.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  at  even  my  mastyr  toke  to  the  said  Braham,        xxv.s. 

Item,  the  xxij.  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Willyam  Fernwalle  for 
to  ryde  on  his  arend  to  Syr  Rechard  Verney,  iiij.s.  ij.d. 

Item,  the  xxiij.  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  gaff  to  John  Brawnflete,  ij.s.  j.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Thorppe  to  ryde  to  London, 

vj.s.  viij.d. 

Braham.}     Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Braham  that  he  must 
acount  for,  viij.s.  iiij.d.^ 

3  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  Braham  that  he  must  acount  for, 

ij.s.  j.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  Thorpe  to  delyver  to  Boton,        xx.d. 

Braham.}     Item,  the  xxiiij.   day  of  Octobre,   my  mastyr  delyverd  to 
Braham  that  he  must  acount  for,  xvj.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  xxv,  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  toke  to  the  said  Braham  that 
he  must  acount  for,  xx.s. 

'Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Straunge  for  wagys,  vj.s.  viij.d. 

Hempe. }     Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Parker  of  Here- 
wyche  for  to  bye  wyth  hempe,  xl.s. 

1  Omitted  in  N.  MS.  ^  x.s.  v.d.,  N.  MS.  =  Omitted  in  N.  MS. 


.309 

A.D.  14C5         And  the  said  Parker  telleth  my  mastyr  that  he  hathe  bout  of  the  best 
hempe,'  for  xij.d.  the  stone,  and  xviij,li.  the  stone.^ 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastjn:  paid  to  Robard  Gierke  for  his  costes  ij. 
dayis  and  di.,  to  se  the  kervelle,^  xij.d. 

Yonge  Copdoke.}  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  made  comenawntwyth 
yonge  Copdoke  that  he  schalle  serve  my  said  mastyr  xij.  monythes,  and  he 
schalle  have  for  his  wages  mete  and  drj^nke  and  a  gowne,  and  in  mony 
xxxyj.s.  viij.d. ;  *and  he  schalle  fynde  hym  selflf  beddynge. 

Sawers.  }  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  made  comenaunt  W3rth  ij. 
sawers  of  Donwyche ;  and  thei  schalle  have  every  werke  day  that  thei  saw, 

yj.d. 

And  my  saiA  mastyr  shalle  fynde  them  bed  and  boord. 

Item,  the  xxvj.  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Strawnge  that  he  had 
leid  downe  for  medesjmes  for  my  lady  at  Colche^tre,  xvj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  delyverd  hym  to  ryde  on  his  arende  into 
Norffolke  for  dyverse  maters,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Braham.}  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Braham  that  he  must 
acount  for,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mast3rr  toke  to  John  Spayne  to  bye  a  hoke  wyth, 

vj.d, 

'Item,  the  v.""  yer  of  the  Kynge  and  in  the  second  weke  of  Octobre,  Jenen 
Ducheman  came  to  my  mastyr  and  he  hathe  had  of  my  said  mastyr  into  the 
xxvj.  day  of  Octobre,  a  payr  hosen  and  iij.  shepes  scynnys  to  make  hym  a 
jakett. 
foi.  84  Thys  wrytenge  made  the  v.""  yer  of  Kynge  Edward  the  iiij.""  and  the  xxx. 

day  of  Octobre,  wytnessethe  that  wher  as  John  Gonner  of  YipsMryche  had 
of  my  mastyr  afore  tyme,  for  a  weke  werke,  but  xij.d. ;  the  same  day  and 
yer  above  wreten,  my  mastyr  paid  hym  for  vj.  dayis  werke,^  for  hym  and  his 
chylde,  ij-s.  iiij.d. 

'  the  best  hempe,  omitted  in  N.  MS.  -  the  stone  being  xviij.li.,  N.  MS. 

'  .\nother  item  relating  to  the  caravel  follows  the  above,  in  N.  MS.  "  Item,  the  same 
day  my  master  gaflf  to  hym  that  maketh  the  toppe  of  the  said  kervelle,  iiij.d." 

♦  This  clause  of  the  covenant  is  omitted  in  N.  MS.  '  Omitted  in  X.  JIS. 

^  "  hym  and  his  on  the  forge  in  makenge  chambres  for  gonnes,"  N.  MS. 


310 

A.D.  1465.        The  same  day  my  master  delyverd  to  Agnes  Banyard  for  my  lady, 

xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  a  man  of  Bendysheis,  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  last  day  of  Octobre,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Prynce  for  to  bye  hym 
a  peyr  shone,  ^j-d. 

Braham. }  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Braham  that  he  must 
acount  fore,  xiij.s.  iiij.d. 

Braham.}  Item,  the  ij.  day  of  Novembre,  my  mastyr  toke  Braham  that 
he  must  acount  for,  ij.s. 

Sawers.}     Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  one  of  the  new  sawers, 

xij.d. 

Braham.}  Item,  the  iij.  day  of  Novembre,  my  master  toke  Braham  that 
he  must  acount  for,  ix.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Marten  for  his  carte  in  caryinge  of 
tymbre,  ix.s.  ij.d. 

And  he  had  of  my  mastyr  before  this  day,  x.s. 

Braham.}  Item,  the  iiij.'^  day  of  Novembre,  my  mastyr  toke  Braham  that 
he  must  acount  for,  xl.s. 

Item,  the  v.*''  day  of  Novembre,  my  master  toke  Braham  that  he  must 
acount  fore,  '  'iij-li.  v.s. 

"Item,  the  same  day  at  even,  my  mastyr  toke  Braham  that  he  must  acount 
fore,  xl.s. 

Day.}  Item,  the  vij.  day  of  Novembre,  my  mastyr  paid  to  John  Bryen* 
of  Hadlegthe,  for  v.  eUes  of  fyne  Holond  for  ij.  shertes  for  hym  selffe,  prise 
the  eUe,  xxij.d. ;  summa,  ix.s.  ij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  bout  of  the  said  John  a  pece  of  Holond 
conteynenge  xvij.  eUes ;  prise  the  elle,  vij.d. ;  summa,  ix.s.  xj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  the  said  John  for  xiij.  eUes  of 
Holond,  prise  the  eUe,  vij.d. ;  summa,  vij.s.  vij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  the  said  John  for  xviij.  elles  of 
fyner  Holond,  prise  the  eUe,  vij.d. ;  summa,  x.s.  vj.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  payd  to  the  said  John  for  xx.  elles  of  hos- 
wyffes  clothe,  prise  the  elle,  v.d. ;  summa,  viij.s.  iiij.d. 

'  v.li.,  N.  MS.  '  Omitted  in  N.  MS.  ^  Baron,  N.  MS. 


311 

A.  D.  1465.  "      Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  bout  of  the  said  John  xxiij.  elles  of  olsom, 
prise  the  elle,  iij.d. ;  summa,  v.s.  ix.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  bout  of  the  said  John,  for  x.  eUes  of 
hoswyffes  clothe,  pryse  the  elle,  v.d. ;  summa,  iiij.s.  ij.d. 

Day.}     '  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Rose  for  wages,  iiij.s.  ij.d. 

Braham.}     Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Braham  that  he  must 
acount  for,  xl.s. 

Item,  the  viij.  day  of  Novembre,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Braham  that  he  must 

acount  for,  xxxiij.s.  iiij.d. 

fol.  89.  b.         Braham. }     Item,  the  ix.  day  of  Novembre,  my  mastjr  toke  to  Braham 

that  he  must  acount  for,  xx.s. 

'  Item,  the  ix.  day  of  Novembre,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Femwale  for  wages, 

iiij.s.  ij.d. 

Item,  the  x.  day  of  Novembre,  my  mastyr  rekened  wyth  James  the  cord- 
waner  of  Colchestre,  and  he  axseth  for  ij.  payr  botuys  for  master  Thomas, 

xiiij.d. 

Item,  for  ij.  payr  botuys  for  mastyr  Nycholas,  xiiij.d. 

Item,  for  j.  payr  botyuis  for  mastyr  Danyelle,  vij.d. 

Item,  for  j.  payr  botuys  for  lytelle  Edmund,  yj.d. 

^Item,  for  j.  payr  botuys  for  Jenyn  of  the  stable,  ij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  hym  for  a  pajr  botuys  that  he  schuld 
make  for  Danyelle  on  the  next  day,  vij.d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  shone  for  mastres  Isbelle,  iiij.d. 

And  so  the  said  James  is  content  for  alle  thynges  into  this  day.^ 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Mathew  Say,  for  iiij.  da3ris  werke 
wyth  his  carte,  TJ.s.  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Rose*  of  Neylonde  for  iij.  day 
werke  wyth  his  carte,  ^-s- 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Wyot'  for  his  carte  be  ij.  dayis, 

iij.s.  iiij.d. 

And  so  thei  are  alle  content  into  this  day. 

'  Omitted  in  N.  MS.  *  This  item  b  omitted  in  N.  MS. 

'  >'  The  wyche   somes  above  \vryten  my  master  content  the   said  James,  this   same 
day."  N.  MS.  "  Rosse,  N.  MS.  "  of  Neylond,  N.  MS. 


312 

A  D.  14G5.        Item,  my  master  paid  to  Marten  for  his  carte  be  sertayn  dayis,  xix.s.  ij.d. 

And  so  he  is  content  for  alle  thynges. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Quedwelle  for  j.  day  and  halff  wyth 
his  cartt,  ij-s.  vj.d. 

And  so  he  is  content  into  this  day  for  alle  thynges. 

Braham.}  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Braham  that  he  must 
acount  for,  xl.s. 

Item,  the  xj.  day  of  Novembre,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Anne  Fuller,  ffor  the 
chaungynge  of  her  gowne  for  mastres  Isbelle,  x.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Robart  Gierke  to  ryde  on  his 
arend  to  Yipswyche,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  xiij.  day  of  Novembre,  my  mastyr  gaife  to  mastyr  Robartt 
Wotton,  for  a  reward  for  that  he  had  wayted  on  my  lady,  xl.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  hym  to  gyif  the  ifreres  of  Colchestre 
fore  to  synge  a  trentalle '  for  my  lady,  x.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaff  to  Thomas  Hylle,  xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Payn  of  Neylond,  for  scorynge  of 
masers,  viij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastjrr  paid  to  Bett  and  to  Weellde,  for  fechynge 
home  of  xviij.  shepe  and  a  cow,  fro  NichoUas  Smythe  of  Bretnam,         xij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  the  said  Bett  for  ij.  shepe  that  he 

bout  the  same  tyme,  ij.s.  ij.d. 

foi.  90.  Item,  the  same  xiij.  day  of  Novembre,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Agnes  Baynard 

that  she  paid  for  a  peyr  hosen  for  mastres  YsbeUe,  xj.d. 

Item,  that  she  had  paid  for  iij.  payr  shon  for  my  iij.  mastresses,  xj.d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  shone  for  mastyr  DanyeUe,  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  shois  for  Margret  Notbem,  ijj.d. 

Item,  for  a  lokke  and  key  for  the  lytel  dor  in  the  chapeHe,  ij.d. 

Item,  that  she  had  paid  for  syngynge  bred,  j.d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  shois  for  Anne  Fuller,  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  shois  for  Edmunde,  mA. 

Item,  for  makenge  of  a  pownd  wax,  j.d. 

1  It  appears,  from  this  entry,  that  lady  Howard  died  on,  or  before,  the  13th  of 
November,  1465. 


313 

A.D.  1465.        Item,  that  she  paid  to  Willyam  Hore  for  sherynge  of  yj.  yerdes  of  clothe, 
and  scherynge'  of  a  gowne,  vj.d. 

Item,  that  she  paid  to  Jay  for  a  payr  shois  for  mastres  Ysbelle,  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  makenge  of  a  li.  of  syseis,  j.d. 

Item,  that  she  paid  for  xvij.  kokerelles  to  make  capons  of,  xvij.d. 

Item,  for  the  kyttynge  of  them,  j.d. 

Item,  that  she  paid  for  iiij.  chekens,  iiij.d. 

Item,  that  she  paid  for  xxv.  kokereUes,^  ij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  that  she  paid  to  Frere  for  a  day  werke  and  di.,  in  the  closse  gardyn, 

iij.d. 

Item,  that  she  paid  to  Maut  Reve  for  kokerelles,  v.d. 

Item,  that  she  paid  for  sawndris,'  ij.d. 

Item,  that  she  paid  for  ale,*  ij.d. 

Item,  that  she  paid  to  Frere  for  candelle  makenge,  ij.d. 

Item,  that  she  paid  to  Emme  Envele^  for  waschynge,  iiij.d. 

Item,  that  she  paid  for  makenge  of  a  h.  of  wex,  j.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  mastyr  paid  her  that  she  lent  hym  in  mony  whan  he 

rode  on  huntynge,  ^-s.  viij.d. 

And  so  she  is  content  for  alle  maner  thynges  into  this  day. 

Item,  the  xiiij.  day  of  Novembre,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Robart  Clerke  for  to 

bye  sertayn  stoffe  at  Yipswyche,  that  is  to  say,  wax  and  therede  for  a  hay* 

ageyns  my  ladyis  terment,  v.s.  viij.d.' 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  John  Cooke  for  howsold,    vj.s.  viij.d. 

'Item,  the  xix.  day  of  Novembre,  my  mastyr  delyverd  to  Seynclow  a 

murrey  bande,  on  his  wagis,  the  prise,  xij.d. 

fol.  90.  b.  Braham.}     Item,  the  xvij.  day  of  Novembre,  my  mastyr  toke  Braham 

that  he  must  acount  for,  xij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Thomas  Andrew  ffor  cartynge  to 

Rokelles  Wode,  ^iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Braham.}     Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Braham  more,'     xx.s. 

'  scorynge,  N.  MS.  ^  to  make  of  capones,  X.  MS. 

3  for  howsold,  N.  MS.  '  for  my  lady,  N.  MS. 

»  Enfelde,  N.  MS.  «  Sic.  '  iij.li.  v.s.,  X.  MS. 

°  Omitted  in  MS.  '  that  he  must  acount  fore,  X.  MS. 

S  s 


314 

A.  D.  1465.         Item,  the  xviij.  day  of  Novembre,  my  mastyr  paid  to  Jemes*  for  a  peyr 
botys  and^  pynsons  for  hym  selffe,  iij.s.  iiij.d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  botuys  for  my  said  mastyr,  x.d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  galaches  and  a  payr  shone  for  my  mastres  Y'sbelle,   xij.d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  shone  for  mastres  Anne,  iij.d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  shone  for  mastres  Jane,  iij.d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  shone  for  Margett  Notbem,  iij-d.' 

*  Item,  for  a  payr  botuys  and  a  payr  pynsons  fFor  Thomas  Thorppe,    xj.d. 

Item,  for  ij.  payr  shon  for  Davy,  xij.d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  shone  and  a  payr  botus  for  Lew,  xiiij.d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  botuys  for  John  de  Spayn,  x.d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  botuys  for  Rechard  Waleys,  x.d. 

Item,  for  a  payr  shone  for  Seynclow,  vij-d. 

The  some  of  alle  this  gere  drawyth,  xj.s.  iij.d. 

The  wyche  some  my  mastyr  paid  hym  the  same  day ;  and  my  mastyr  gaff 
hym  to  drynke,  iij.d. 

Item,  the  xxj.  day  of  Novembre,  my  mastyr  toke  Moleyns  for  to  bye  wyth 
sakke  clothes,  x.s. 

Braham.}     Item,  the  xxij.  day  of  Novembre,  my  mastyr  toke  Braham 

that  he  must  acount  fore,  viij.s. 

Robart    "1      Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  toke  to  Robard  Serjaunt  for  to 

Serjaunt.  J  go  bye  clothe  wyth,  xl.s. 

Braham.}     Item,  the  xxiiij.  day  of  Novembre,  my  mastyr  toke  to  Braham 
the  wyche  he  must  acount  for,  xxx.s. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Thomas  Reve  for  that  was  behynde 
of  cartenge  for  iij.  dayis  and  di.,  v.s.  x.d. 

'  And  so  he  is  content  into  this  day  for  alle  thynges. 
foi.  91 .  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Gant  for  ij.  dayis  and  di.  in  cartenge, 

iiij.s.  ij.d. 

>  of  Colchestre,  N.  MS.        ^^  j.  payr  of,  N.  MS.        '  The  price  Supplied  from  N.  MS. 
*  The  remaining  items  of  this  bill  are  omitted  in  N.  MS. ;  the  next  to  that  for  Marget 
Notbem,  being,  "  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  gaflF  Jemes  to  drynke,  iij.d." 
'  Omitted  in  N.  MS. 


315 

A.  D.  14C5.        '  Item,  the  same  day  my  mastjT  paid  to  Prophet  for  ij.  dayis  and  di.  that 
he  was  be  hynde  for  cartenge,  iiij.s.  ij.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  Prophete  for  that  he  was  behjmde 
j.  day  and  di.  for  cartenge,  ij.s.  \j.d. 

Item,  the  same  day  my  mastyr  paid  to  John  Reve  for  that  he  was  behynde 
for  iij.  dayis  and  di.,  in  cartynge,  r.s.  x.d. 

And  so  thai  be  alle  content  into  this  day. 

Item,  the